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|Meeting Christ in the Liturgy|
Instruction of the Roman Missal
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321. The many prefaces enriching the Roman Missal are intended to develop in different ways the theme of thanksgiving in the eucharistic prayer and bring out more clearly the different facets of the mystery of salvation.
322. The choice of the eucharistic prayer may be guided by the following norms.
a. Eucharistic Prayer I, the Roman Canon, which may be used on any day, is particularly apt on days when there is a special text for the prayer, «In union with the whole Church» or in Masses that have a special form of the prayer, «Father, accept this offering;» also on the feasts of the apostles and saints mentioned in it and on Sundays, unless for pastoral considerations another eucharistic prayer is preferred.
b. Eucharistic Prayer II has features that make it particularly suitable for weekdays and special circumstances.
Although it has its own preface, it may also be used with other prefaces, especially those that summarize the mystery of salvation, such as the Sunday prefaces or the common prefaces.
When Mass is celebrated for a dead person, the special formulary may be inserted in the place indicated, namely, before the intercession, «Remember our brothers and sisters».
c. Eucharistic Prayer III may be said with any preface. Its use is particularly suited to Sundays and holydays.
The special formulary for a dead person may be used with this prayer in the place indicated, namely, at the prayer, «In mercy and love unite all your children».
d. Eucharistic Prayer IV has a fixed preface and provides a fuller summary of the history of salvation. It may be used when a Mass has no preface of its own.
Because of the structure of this prayer no special formulary for the dead may be inserted.
e. A eucharistic prayer that has its own preface may be used with that preface. even when the Mass calls for the preface of the season.
323. In any Mass the prayers belonging to that Mass are used, unless otherwise noted.
In Masses on a memorial, however, the opening prayer or collect may be from the Mass itself or from the common; the prayer over the gifts and prayer after communion, unless they are proper, may be taken either from the common or from the weekdays of the current season.
On the weekdays in Ordinary Time, the prayers may be taken from the preceding Sunday; from another Sunday in Ordinary Time, or from the prayers for various needs and occasions listed in the Missal. It is always permissible even to use the opening prayer from these Masses.
This provides a rich collection of texts that create an opportunity continually to rephrase the themes of prayer for the liturgical assembly and also to adapt the prayer to the needs of the people, the Church, and the world. During the more important seasons of the year, however, the proper seasonal prayers appointed for each day in the Missal already make this adaptation.
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