1918 "There is no
authority except from God, and those authorities that exist have been
instituted by God" (Rom 13:1).
1919 Every human community
needs an authority in order to endure and develop.
1920 "The political
community and public authority are based on human nature and therefore . . .
belong to an order established by God" (GS 74 # 3).
1921 Authority is exercised
legitimately if it is committed to the common good of society. To attain this
it must employ morally acceptable means.
1922 The diversity of
political regimes is legitimate, provided they contribute to the good of the
1923 Political authority must
be exercised within the limits of the moral order and must guarantee the
conditions for the exercise of freedom.
1924 The common good
comprises "the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either
as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more
easily" (GS 26 1).
1925 The common good consists
of three essential elements: respect for and promotion of the fundamental
rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of the spiritual and
temporal goods of society; the peace and security of the group and of its
1926 The dignity of the human
person requires the pursuit of the common good. Everyone should be concerned to
create and support institutions that improve the conditions of human life.
1927 It is the role of the
state to defend and promote the common good of civil society. the common good
of the whole human family calls for an organization of society on the