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Catechism of the Catholic Church
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II. What is This Sacrament Called?
1328 The inexhaustible richness of this sacrament is expressed in the different names we give it. Each name evokes certain aspects of it. It is called: Eucharist, because it is an action of thanksgiving to God. the Greek words eucharistein139 and eulogein140 recall the Jewish blessings that proclaim - especially during a meal - God's works: creation, redemption, and sanctification.
The Lord's Supper, because of its connection with the supper which the Lord
took with his disciples on the eve of his Passion and because it anticipates
the wedding feast of the Lamb in the heavenly Jerusalem.141
The memorial of the Lord's Passion and Resurrection.
1331 Holy Communion, because by this sacrament we unite ourselves to Christ, who makes us sharers in his Body and Blood to form a single body.149 We also call it: the holy things (ta hagia; sancta)150 - the first meaning of the phrase "communion of saints" in the Apostles' Creed - the bread of angels, bread from heaven, medicine of immortality,151 viaticum....
1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
139 Cf. Lk 22:19; 1 Cor 11:24.
140 Cf. Mt 26:26; Mk 14:22.
141 Cf. 1 Cor 11:20; Rev 19:9.
142 Cf. Mt 14:19; 15:36; Mk 8:6, 19.
143 Cf. Mt 26:26; 1 Cor 11:24.
144 Cf. Lk 24:13-35.
145 Cf. Acts 2:42, 46; 20:7, 11.
146 Cf. 1 Cor 10:16-17.
147 Cf. 1 Cor 11:17-34.
148 Heb 13:15; cf. 1 Pet 25; Ps 116:13, 17; Mal 1:11.
149 Cf. 1 Cor 10: 16-17.
150 Apostolic Constitutions 8, 13,12 PG 1,1108; Didache 9, 5; 10:6: SCh: 248,176- 178.
151 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Eph. 20, 2 SCh 10, 76.
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