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Code of Canon Law

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  • BOOK VI : SANCTIONS IN THE CHURCH
    • PART I : OFFENCES AND PUNISHMENTS IN GENERAL
        • TITLE IV: PENALTIES AND OTHER PUNISHMENTS (Cann. 1331 - 1340)
          • CHAPTER I : CENSURES
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TITLE IV: PENALTIES AND OTHER PUNISHMENTS (Cann. 1331 - 1340)

CHAPTER I : CENSURES

Can. 1331 §1 An excommunicated person is forbidden:

to have any ministerial part in the celebration of the Sacrifice of the Eucharist or in any other ceremonies of public worship;

to celebrate the sacraments or sacramentals and to receive the sacraments ;

to exercise any ecclesiastical offices, ministries, functions or acts of governance.

§2 If the excommunication has been imposed or declared, the offender:

proposing to act in defiance of the provision of §1, n. 1 is to be removed, or else the liturgical action is to be suspended, unless there is a grave reason to the contrary

invalidly exercises any acts of governance which, in accordancewith §1, n.3, are unlawful;

is forbidden to benefit from privileges already granted;

cannot validly assume any dignity, office or other function in the Church

loses the title to the benefits of any dignity, office, function or pension held in the Church.

Can. 1332 One who is under interdict is obliged by the prohibition of Can. 1331 §1, nn. 1 and 2 - if the interdict was imposed or declared, the provision of Can. 1331 §2, n. 1 is to be observed.

Can. 1333 §1 Suspension, which can affect only clerics, prohibits:

all or some of the acts of the power of order

all or some of the acts of the power of governance;

the exercise of all or some of the rights or functions attaching toan office.

§2 In a law or a precept it may be prescribed that, after a judgement which imposes or declares the penalty, a suspended person cannot validly perform acts of the power of governance.

§3 The prohibition never affects:

any offices or power of governance which are not within the control of the Superior who establishes the penalty;

a right of residence which the offender may have by virtue of office;

the right to administer goods which may belong to an office held by the person suspended, if the penalty is latae sententiae.

§4 A suspension prohibiting the receipt of benefits, stipends, pensions or other such things, carries with it the obligation of restitution of whatever has been unlawfully received, even though this was in good faith.

Can. 1334 §1 The extent of a suspension, within the limits laid down in the preceding canon, is defined either by the law or precept, or by the judgement or decree whereby the penalty is imposed.

§2 A law, but not a precept, can establish a latae sententiae suspension without an added determination or limitation; such a penalty has all the effects enumerated in Can. 1333 §1.

Can. 1335 If a censure prohibits the celebration of the sacraments or sacramentals or the exercise of a power of governance, the prohibition is suspended whenever this is necessary to provide for the faithful who are in danger of death. If a latae sententiae censure has not been declared, the prohibition is also suspended whenever one of the faithful requests a sacrament or sacramental or an act of the power of governance; for any just reason it is lawful to make such a request.




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