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laving 1
lavish 4
lavishly 1
law 4141
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4319 such
4184 seem
4158 order
4141 law
4061 cause
4022 de
3992 through
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

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law

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     Part, Question
1 1, 1 | into the Old and the New Law. ~But law implies a moral 2 1, 1 | Old and the New Law. ~But law implies a moral science 3 1, 1 | says ~(Heb. 10:1) the Old Law is a figure of the New Law, 4 1, 1 | Law is a figure of the New Law, and Dionysius says ~(Coel. 5 1, 1 | Coel. Hier. i) "the New Law itself is a figure of future 6 1, 1 | glory." Again, ~in the New Law, whatever our Head has done 7 1, 1 | as the things of the Old Law signify the things of ~the 8 1, 1 | signify the things of ~the New Law, there is the allegorical 9 1, 16 | neighbor, as ordained by law. Hence we ~cannot argue 10 1, 19 | one time He ordered the law to be ~observed, and at 11 1, 21 | This is, as it were, His law of justice, in accordance 12 1, 21 | what we do according to law. But ~whereas law comes 13 1, 21 | according to law. But ~whereas law comes to us from some higher 14 1, 21 | some higher power, God is a law unto Himself.~Aquin.: SMT 15 1, 21 | justice related ~to the law with which they accord. 16 1, 21 | His wisdom, ~which is the law of His justice, is suitably 17 1, 21 | OBJ 1: Justice, as to the law that governs, resides in 18 1, 21 | governed ~according to the law, it resides in the will.~ 19 1, 24 | Prov. 3:3: "Forget not My ~Law, and let thy heart keep 20 1, 43 | the Sacraments of the New Law contain grace, and it is ~ 21 1, 43 | the sacraments of the New ~Law, as the form of a thing 22 1, 43 | all ~the figures of the law. Thus the Holy Ghost is 23 1, 43 | thunder issuing forth when the law was given on the mountain. 24 1, 51 | assumed bodies under the Old Law was a ~figurative indication 25 1, 60 | the moral precepts of the law come of the law of ~nature. 26 1, 60 | precepts of the law come of the law of ~nature. But the precept 27 1, 60 | a moral precept ~of the law. Therefore, it is of the 28 1, 60 | Therefore, it is of the law of nature. Consequently 29 1, 43 | the Sacraments of the New Law contain grace, and it is ~ 30 1, 43 | the sacraments of the New ~Law, as the form of a thing 31 1, 43 | all ~the figures of the law. Thus the Holy Ghost is 32 1, 43 | thunder issuing forth when the law was given on the mountain. 33 1, 52 | assumed bodies under the Old Law was a ~figurative indication 34 1, 61 | the moral precepts of the law come of the law of ~nature. 35 1, 61 | precepts of the law come of the law of ~nature. But the precept 36 1, 61 | a moral precept ~of the law. Therefore, it is of the 37 1, 61 | Therefore, it is of the law of nature. Consequently 38 1, 78 | 22] says that it is the "law of our intellect." For it 39 1, 80 | Rm. 7:23): "I see another law in my members fighting against 40 1, 80 | members fighting against the ~law of my mind." Therefore the 41 1, 83 | asleep, against the moral law, is ~not imputed to him 42 1, 97 | This is against the natural law, according to ~which all 43 1, 99 | according to the general law; for it may be otherwise 44 1, 104 | act ~against the supreme law; because He does not act 45 1, 105 | the Divine unalterable ~law, that inferior things are 46 1, 105 | regulated by the Divine law which made the order ~in 47 1, 107 | according to the common law not only human affairs ~ 48 1, 107 | according to the common law they do not administer human 49 1, 109 | whole universe as the public law is in the city. ~Therefore 50 1, 111 | according to the ~general law the superior angels are 51 1, 111 | as the messengers of the law; in ~order that He might 52 1, 111 | of the new over the old law. ~Hence there is no need 53 1, 111 | who were sent to give the law.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[112] A[ 54 1, 112 | natural knowledge ~of natural law. Therefore man is not guarded 55 1, 112 | natural knowledge of the law, which by nature belongs 56 1, 112 | universal principles of law to ~particular actions man 57 2, 5 | the way, who walk in ~the law of the Lord." But this happens 58 2, 6 | the general principles of law, which one to know, is ~ 59 2, 14 | things that are laid ~down by law; hence we speak of counsel 60 2, 14 | hence we speak of counsel at law. And yet those who seek ~ 61 2, 14 | which is laid down by the law is not due to ~the action 62 2, 14 | since the mandate of the law is one reason for doing 63 2, 17 | Rm. 7:15): "I see another law in my members, fighting 64 2, 17 | members, fighting against the law of ~my mind." This may also 65 2, 19 | it depends on the eternal law?~(5) Whether erring reason 66 2, 19 | erring reason against the ~law of God?~(7) Whether the 67 2, 19 | will depends on the eternal law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[19] A[ 68 2, 19 | not depend ~on the eternal law. Because to one thing there 69 2, 19 | not depend on ~the eternal law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[19] A[ 70 2, 19 | x, 1). But the eternal law is not homogeneous with 71 2, 19 | will. Therefore the eternal law cannot be the measure on 72 2, 19 | certain. But the eternal law is ~unknown to us. Therefore 73 2, 19 | desire against the eternal law." But malice of the will 74 2, 19 | will depends on the eternal law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[19] A[ 75 2, 19 | it is from ~the eternal law, which is the Divine Reason, 76 2, 19 | depends on ~the eternal law much more than on human 77 2, 19 | 3: Although the eternal law is unknown to us according 78 2, 19 | derived from the eternal law, as stated above (A[4]). 79 2, 19 | derived from the eternal law. Therefore erring ~reason 80 2, 19 | commandment of God and the eternal law. But the eternal law and 81 2, 19 | eternal law. But the eternal law and God's ~commandment are 82 2, 19 | ignorance of the ~Divine Law, which he is bound to know. 83 2, 19 | Reply OBJ 2: The eternal law cannot err, but human reason 84 2, 19 | accord with the eternal law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[19] A[ 85 2, 21 | principally on the Eternal Law: and consequently its ~malice 86 2, 21 | disaccord with the Eternal Law. But this ~is the very nature 87 2, 21 | opposition to the Eternal Law." ~Therefore a human action 88 2, 21 | supreme rule is the Eternal Law. When, therefore, ~a human 89 2, 21 | reason and of ~the Eternal Law, then that action is right: 90 2, 21 | reason and of the Eternal Law, is evil, and that ~every 91 2, 21 | with reason and the Eternal Law. Hence it ~follows that 92 2, 22 | of sins which were by the law, did the work in our members." ~ 93 2, 24 | members be ~controlled by the law of reason. Hence, since 94 2, 34 | discordant from reason and the law of God.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 95 2, 51 | the principles ~of common law are called the "nurseries 96 2, 55 | strength'] of sin is the Law." Therefore virtue is not 97 2, 55 | virtue" of sin is said to be law, in so far as occasionally 98 2, 55 | is aggravated through the law, so as to attain to the 99 2, 55 | due end and to the ~Divine law, which is the rule of the 100 2, 57 | according to the common law; while "{gnome}" bases its 101 2, 57 | judgment on the ~natural law, in those cases where the 102 2, 57 | those cases where the common law fails to apply, as we ~shall 103 2, 61 | observance of the Eternal Law in His works, as ~Plotinus 104 2, 62 | contrary, The precepts of the Law are about acts of virtue. 105 2, 62 | virtue. Now ~the Divine Law contains precepts about 106 2, 63 | human reason and Divine Law. And since ~Divine Law is 107 2, 63 | Divine Law. And since ~Divine Law is the higher rule, it extends 108 2, 63 | is ruled by the Divine Law too; but ~the converse does 109 2, 63 | as defined by the Divine Law, and not by human reason, 110 2, 65 | the contrary, The whole Law is fulfilled through charity, 111 2, 65 | neighbor, hath fulfilled the ~Law." Now it is not possible 112 2, 65 | possible to fulfil the whole Law, without having all ~the 113 2, 65 | moral virtues: since the law contains precepts about 114 2, 66 | his like in keeping the law of the most High," [*See ~ 115 2, 69 | reason ~and the eternal law, as stated above (Q[19], 116 2, 69 | relation to the eternal law of the Holy Ghost, as is 117 2, 70 | have they that love Thy Law, and to them there ~is no 118 2, 71 | desire against the eternal law."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[71] A[ 119 2, 71 | desire, contrary to ~the Law of God," as Augustine shows ( 120 2, 71 | Faust. xxii, 27). But the Law ~of God is above nature. 121 2, 71 | vice is contrary to ~the Law, rather than to nature.~ 122 2, 71 | that work. Now the eternal law is compared to the ~order 123 2, 71 | contrary to the eternal law. Hence Augustine says (De 124 2, 71 | contrary to ~the eternal law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[71] A[ 125 2, 71 | contrary to the eternal law." Because "Word," ~"deed," 126 2, 71 | contrary to the eternal law," nor was ~there need to 127 2, 71 | because it is contrary ~to the law. Now not all sins are evil 128 2, 71 | defined as being against the law of God.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 129 2, 71 | contrary to the eternal law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[71] A[ 130 2, 71 | first rule, viz. the eternal law, which is God's reason, 131 2, 71 | contrary to the ~eternal law."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[71] A[ 132 2, 71 | Reply OBJ 3: The eternal law first and foremost directs 133 2, 71 | contrary to the ~eternal law," he includes aversion from 134 2, 71 | prohibition by positive law. If, ~however, the prohibition 135 2, 71 | referred to the natural law, which is ~contained primarily 136 2, 71 | primarily in the eternal law, but secondarily in the 137 2, 71 | it is contrary to natural law, precisely because it is ~ 138 2, 71 | contrary to the ~eternal law," more fittingly than with 139 2, 71 | more so, as the eternal law directs us in many things 140 2, 72 | or desire against God's law." Now ~words, deeds, and 141 2, 72 | in departing from God's law. Of these two, one is referred ~ 142 2, 72 | that it is "against God's law," as stated above ~(Q[66], 143 2, 72 | the ~rule of the Divine Law, whereby man should be directed 144 2, 72 | sin to be against God's law, for this ~is part of its 145 2, 72 | 71], ~A[6]). Now in God's law, the affirmative precepts, 146 2, 72 | 1~Reply OBJ 2: In God's law, the necessity for various 147 2, 72 | various precepts of the Law. ~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[72] A[ 148 2, 72 | of ~reason and the Divine law, the species of sin is gathered, 149 2, 73 | Whosoever shall keep the whole Law, but offend in one ~point, 150 2, 73 | transgressing all ~the precepts of Law, is the same as to commit 151 2, 73 | transgression of the Divine law, ~and disobedience of the 152 2, 73 | from a commandment of the law. Now all the ~commandments 153 2, 73 | the ~commandments of the law are from one and the same, 154 2, 73 | concupiscence," says: "The law is ~good, since by forbidding 155 2, 74 | consulting the eternal law," as Augustine states (De 156 2, 74 | identified ~with the eternal law, (cf. A[8], OBJ[1]; A[9])]. 157 2, 74 | without consulting the eternal law: since man does not ~always 158 2, 74 | according ~to the eternal law, so can he regulate his 159 2, 74 | from the rule of the Divine law, as stated above ~(Q[19], 160 2, 74 | since the rule of the Divine law is the ~higher rule, it 161 2, 74 | according to the Divine law, ~whether or not it advert 162 2, 74 | it advert to the eternal law. For if it thinks of God' 163 2, 74 | For if it thinks of God's ~law, it holds it in actual contempt: 164 2, 74 | considering the eternal law, can ~direct or restrain 165 2, 74 | considering the eternal law, man persists in ~giving 166 2, 74 | types, i.e. the eternal law, and consequently does ~ 167 2, 74 | and consulting the eternal law." But mortal sin consists 168 2, 74 | turning away from the eternal law. Therefore it seems that 169 2, 74 | consideration of the eternal ~law, it seems that it cannot 170 2, 74 | contempt of the Divine law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[74] A[ 171 2, 74 | or consulting the eternal law"; it ~contemplates it by 172 2, 74 | contrary to the eternal law, in the same way as ~mortal 173 2, 74 | end, but ~is beside that law, as an act of venial sin 174 2, 74 | turn away from ~the eternal law: wherefore it sins, not 175 2, 74 | object which is the eternal law, is destroyed; but ~when 176 2, 74 | contempt of the Divine law, but only when the sin is 177 2, 74 | contrary to the ~Divine law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[74] A[ 178 2, 74 | considering the eternal law. For the act of a power 179 2, 74 | higher reason is the eternal law, in ~respect of which there 180 2, 74 | that it is ~contrary to the law of God, it sins more grievously 181 2, 74 | it consults the eternal law about them, and so it does 182 2, 74 | again consults ~the eternal law about its own object. But 183 2, 74 | unless it be contrary to the law of ~God. Now it is possible 184 2, 74 | aspect, before the eternal ~law, i.e. the law of God, is 185 2, 74 | the eternal ~law, i.e. the law of God, is consulted, or 186 2, 74 | accordance with the Divine law. ~If, however, the movement 187 2, 74 | which is against the eternal law, though it be mortal ~in 188 2, 75 | or desire contrary to the law of God." ~Therefore sin 189 2, 75 | reason and of the Divine law, and intent on some mutable ~ 190 2, 75 | reason or of the Divine law, is the cause of sin. Now 191 2, 75 | reason or of the Divine law, has not in itself the ~ 192 2, 75 | of ~reason or the Divine law, this motive which is an 193 2, 76 | desire contrary to God's law," as stated above (Q[71], 194 2, 77 | Rm. 7:23): "I see another law in my ~members, fighting 195 2, 77 | members, fighting against the law of my mind, and captivating 196 2, 77 | and captivating me in the ~law of sin." Now the law that 197 2, 77 | the ~law of sin." Now the law that is in the members is 198 2, 77 | a ~gloss says that "the law is good, since by forbidding 199 2, 77 | passion causes ignorance of law in a ~particular case, by 200 2, 78 | order of reason or Divine law, or Divine charity, or some 201 2, 81 | Furthermore, ~according to human law, the children of those who 202 2, 83 | Rm. 7:23): "I see another law in my ~members fighting 203 2, 83 | members fighting against the law of my mind." Therefore original 204 2, 86 | reason ~and of the Divine law, as shown above (Q[71], 205 2, 86 | reason and of the Divine law. ~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[86] A[ 206 2, 86 | reason or of the Divine law. And therefore ~so long 207 2, 86 | reason and of the Divine ~law, man does not at once return 208 2, 87 | against human and Divine ~law. Wherefore he incurs a threefold 209 2, 87 | order of the Divine or human law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 210 2, 88 | contrary to the eternal law." But the fact of being ~ 211 2, 88 | being ~against the eternal law makes a sin to be mortal. 212 2, 88 | hence 'perversion' of God's ~law is a mortal sin.] denotes 213 2, 88 | it is not ~"against" the law, since he who sins venially 214 2, 88 | venially neither does what the law ~forbids, nor omits what 215 2, 88 | forbids, nor omits what the law prescribes to be done; but 216 2, 88 | but he acts ~"beside" the law, through not observing the 217 2, 88 | mode of reason, which the law ~intends.~Aquin.: SMT FS 218 2, 90 | Para. 1/3 - TREATISE ON LAW (QQ 90-108)~OF THE ESSENCE 219 2, 90 | 90-108)~OF THE ESSENCE OF LAW (FOUR ARTICLES)~We have 220 2, 90 | instructs us by means of His Law, and assists us by ~His 221 2, 90 | first place we must speak of law; in the ~second place, of 222 2, 90 | Out. Para. 2/3~Concerning law, we must consider: (1) Law 223 2, 90 | law, we must consider: (1) Law itself in general; (2) its ~ 224 2, 90 | its ~parts. Concerning law in general three points 225 2, 90 | The different kinds of law; (3) The ~effects of law.~ 226 2, 90 | law; (3) The ~effects of law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] Out. 227 2, 90 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether law is something pertaining 228 2, 90 | 2) Concerning the end of law;~(3) Its cause;~(4) The 229 2, 90 | 4) The promulgation of law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 230 2, 90 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether law is something pertaining 231 2, 90 | OBJ 1: It would seem that law is not something pertaining 232 2, 90 | Rm. 7:23): "I see another law in my members," etc. But ~ 233 2, 90 | bodily organ. Therefore law is not something pertaining 234 2, 90 | power, habit, ~and act. But law is not the power itself 235 2, 90 | of reason: because then law would cease, when the act 236 2, 90 | we are asleep. Therefore law is nothing ~pertaining to 237 2, 90 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the law moves those who are subject 238 2, 90 | Q[9], A[1]). Therefore law pertains, not to the ~reason, 239 2, 90 | sovereign, has ~force of law."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 240 2, 90 | contrary, It belongs to the law to command and to forbid. 241 2, 90 | Q[17], A[1]). Therefore ~law is something pertaining 242 2, 90 | Para. 1/1 ~I answer that, Law is a rule and measure of 243 2, 90 | from acting: for "lex" [law] is derived from ~"ligare" [ 244 2, 90 | Consequently it follows ~that law is something pertaining 245 2, 90 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Since law is a kind of rule and measure, 246 2, 90 | follows that, in this way, law is in ~the reason alone. 247 2, 90 | and ruled. In ~this way, law is in all those things that 248 2, 90 | something by ~reason of some law: so that any inclination 249 2, 90 | inclination arising from a law, may be ~called a law, not 250 2, 90 | a law, may be ~called a law, not essentially but by 251 2, 90 | concupiscence is called "the law of the ~members."~Aquin.: 252 2, 90 | actions have the nature of law. And these ~propositions 253 2, 90 | may have the ~nature of law, it needs to be in accord 254 2, 90 | sovereign ~has the force of law; otherwise the sovereign' 255 2, 90 | lawlessness rather than of law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 256 2, 90 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the law is always something directed 257 2, 90 | It would seem that the law is not always directed to 258 2, 90 | its end. For it belongs to law to command and to forbid. 259 2, 90 | Therefore the end of ~the law is not always the common 260 2, 90 | 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, the law directs man in his actions. 261 2, 90 | particular matters. Therefore the law is directed to ~some particular 262 2, 90 | says (Etym. v, 3): "If the law is based on ~reason, whatever 263 2, 90 | based on reason will be a law." But reason is the ~foundation 264 2, 90 | private good. Therefore the law is not only ~directed to 265 2, 90 | stated above (A[1]), the law belongs to that which is ~ 266 2, 90 | principle chiefly and mainly law must needs be referred. 267 2, 90 | A[1]). ~Consequently the law must needs regard principally 268 2, 90 | perfect ~community, the law must needs regard properly 269 2, 90 | Consequently, since the law is chiefly ordained to the ~ 270 2, 90 | devoid of the nature of a law, save in so far as it regards 271 2, 90 | common good. Therefore every law is ordained to the common 272 2, 90 | denotes an application of a law to matters ~regulated by 273 2, 90 | matters ~regulated by the law. Now the order to the common 274 2, 90 | common good, at which the law ~aims, is applicable to 275 2, 90 | sense, has the nature of a law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 276 2, 90 | Gentiles, who have ~not the law, do by nature those things 277 2, 90 | those things that are of the law . . . they are ~a law to 278 2, 90 | the law . . . they are ~a law to themselves." Now he says 279 2, 90 | Therefore ~anyone can make a law for himself.~Aquin.: SMT 280 2, 90 | Isidore says (Etym. v, 10): "A law is an ordinance of ~the 281 2, 90 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, A law, properly speaking, regards 282 2, 90 | therefore the making of a law belongs either to ~the whole 283 2, 90 | stated above (A[1], ad 1), a law is in a person not only ~ 284 2, 90 | latter way each one is a law to himself, in so far as 285 2, 90 | Who show the work of the law written in their hearts."~ 286 2, 90 | coercive power, such as the law should have, in order to 287 2, 90 | have properly the force of law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 288 2, 90 | promulgation is essential to a law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 289 2, 90 | promulgation is not essential to a law. For ~the natural law above 290 2, 90 | a law. For ~the natural law above all has the character 291 2, 90 | all has the character of law. But the natural law ~needs 292 2, 90 | of law. But the natural law ~needs no promulgation. 293 2, 90 | it is not essential to a law that it be ~promulgated.~ 294 2, 90 | it belongs properly to a law to bind one to do or not 295 2, 90 | obligation of fulfilling a law touches not only ~those 296 2, 90 | promulgation is not essential to a law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 297 2, 90 | the binding force of a law extends even to the future, ~ 298 2, 90 | it is not essential to a law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[90] A[ 299 2, 90 | As stated above (A[1]), a law is imposed on others by 300 2, 90 | Wherefore, in order that ~a law obtain the binding force 301 2, 90 | force which is proper to a law, it must needs be ~applied 302 2, 90 | promulgation is ~necessary for the law to obtain its force.~Aquin.: 303 2, 90 | articles, the definition of law may be ~gathered; and it 304 2, 90 | Reply OBJ 1: The natural law is promulgated by the very 305 2, 90 | who are not present when a law is promulgated, are ~bound 306 2, 90 | are ~bound to observe the law, in so far as it is notified 307 2, 90 | 3; ii, 10) that ~"lex [law] is derived from legere [ 308 2, 91 | OF THE VARIOUS KINDS OF LAW (SIX ARTICLES)~We must now 309 2, 91 | consider the various kinds of law: under which head there ~ 310 2, 91 | Whether there is an eternal law?~(2) Whether there is a 311 2, 91 | Whether there is a natural law?~(3) Whether there is a 312 2, 91 | Whether there is a human law?~(4) Whether there is a 313 2, 91 | Whether there is a Divine law?~(5) Whether there is one 314 2, 91 | Whether there is one Divine law, or several?~(6) Whether 315 2, 91 | 6) Whether there is a law of sin?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 316 2, 91 | Whether there is an eternal law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 317 2, 91 | that there is no eternal law. Because every law is ~imposed 318 2, 91 | eternal law. Because every law is ~imposed on someone. 319 2, 91 | from eternity on whom a law ~could be imposed: since 320 2, 91 | from eternity. Therefore no law is ~eternal.~Aquin.: SMT 321 2, 91 | promulgation is essential to law. But promulgation could ~ 322 2, 91 | from eternity. Therefore no law can be eternal.~Aquin.: 323 2, 91 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, a law implies order to an end. 324 2, 91 | is eternal. Therefore no law is ~eternal.~Aquin.: SMT 325 2, 91 | De Lib. Arb. i, 6): "That Law which is ~the Supreme Reason 326 2, 91 | A[1], ad 2; AA[3],4), a law is ~nothing else but a dictate 327 2, 91 | universe, has the nature of a law. And since the Divine ~Reason' 328 2, 91 | it is that this kind of law must be ~called eternal. ~ 329 2, 91 | eternal concept of the Divine law bears the character of ~ 330 2, 91 | character of ~an eternal law, in so far as it is ordained 331 2, 91 | in both ways the eternal law is promulgated: because 332 2, 91 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The law implies order to the end 333 2, 91 | passively - that is to say, ~the law itself is not ordained to 334 2, 91 | him, and to which end his law must ~needs be ordained. 335 2, 91 | is God Himself, ~and His law is not distinct from Himself. 336 2, 91 | Himself. Wherefore the eternal law is ~not ordained to another 337 2, 91 | there is in us a natural law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 338 2, 91 | that there is no natural law in us. Because man is ~governed 339 2, 91 | sufficiently by the eternal law: for Augustine says (De 340 2, 91 | Arb. i) that "the eternal law is that by which it is right 341 2, 91 | necessaries. Therefore no law ~is natural to man.~Aquin.: 342 2, 91 | 1~OBJ 2: Further, by the law man is directed, in his 343 2, 91 | reason and will. Therefore no law is natural to man.~Aquin.: 344 2, 91 | the less is he under the law. ~But man is freer than 345 2, 91 | not subject to a natural law, neither is man subject 346 2, 91 | man subject to a ~natural law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 347 2, 91 | Gentiles, who have not ~the law, do by nature those things 348 2, 91 | those things that are of the law," comments as ~follows: " 349 2, 91 | Although they have no written law, yet they have the natural ~ 350 2, 91 | yet they have the natural ~law, whereby each one knows, 351 2, 91 | above (Q[90], A[1], ad 1), law, being a rule ~and measure, 352 2, 91 | measured by the eternal law, as was stated above ~(A[ 353 2, 91 | somewhat of the eternal ~law, in so far as, namely, from 354 2, 91 | participation of the eternal law in the rational ~creature 355 2, 91 | creature is called the natural law. Hence the Psalmist after 356 2, 91 | function ~of the natural law, is nothing else than an 357 2, 91 | evident that the natural law is nothing else than ~the 358 2, 91 | participation of the eternal law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 359 2, 91 | would hold, if the natural law were something ~different 360 2, 91 | different from the eternal law: whereas it is nothing but 361 2, 91 | in virtue of the natural law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 362 2, 91 | participation of the eternal law in the rational ~creature 363 2, 91 | creature is properly called a law, since a law is something 364 2, 91 | properly called a law, since a law is something pertaining 365 2, 91 | participation of the eternal law in them, except by way of 366 2, 91 | Whether there is a human law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 367 2, 91 | that there is not a human law. For the natural law ~is 368 2, 91 | human law. For the natural law ~is a participation of the 369 2, 91 | participation of the eternal law, as stated above (A[2]). 370 2, 91 | Now ~through the eternal law "all things are most orderly," 371 2, 91 | Therefore the natural law suffices for the ~ordering 372 2, 91 | is no need for a human ~law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 373 2, 91 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, a law bears the character of a 374 2, 91 | x, text. 5. Therefore no law can emanate from ~human 375 2, 91 | uncertain." Therefore no law can emanate from ~human 376 2, 91 | distinguishes two kinds ~of law, the one eternal, the other 377 2, 91 | above (Q[90], A[1], ad 2), a law is a dictate ~of the practical 378 2, 91 | precepts of ~the natural law, as from general and indemonstrable 379 2, 91 | essential conditions of ~law be observed, as stated above ( 380 2, 91 | fear and reverence for the law."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 381 2, 91 | participation of the eternal ~law, according to certain general 382 2, 91 | contained in the eternal law. Hence the need for human 383 2, 91 | further to sanction them by law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 384 2, 91 | was any need for a Divine law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 385 2, 91 | was no need for a Divine law. Because, ~as stated above ( 386 2, 91 | above (A[2]), the natural law is a participation in us 387 2, 91 | participation in us of the ~eternal law. But the eternal law is 388 2, 91 | eternal law. But the eternal law is a Divine law, as stated 389 2, 91 | eternal law is a Divine law, as stated above (A[1]). ~ 390 2, 91 | was no need for a Divine law in addition to the natural ~ 391 2, 91 | addition to the natural ~law, and human laws derived 392 2, 91 | human reason is a human law as stated above ~(A[3]). 393 2, 91 | governed also by a ~Divine law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 394 2, 91 | creatures have no Divine law besides the ~natural inclination 395 2, 91 | rational creature have a Divine law in addition to the natural 396 2, 91 | addition to the natural law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 397 2, 91 | David prayed God to set His law before him, saying (Ps. ~ 398 2, 91 | 33): "Set before me for a law the way of Thy justifications, 399 2, 91 | the natural and the human law it was necessary ~for the 400 2, 91 | conduct to have a Divine law. And this for ~four reasons. 401 2, 91 | First, because it is by law that man is directed how 402 2, 91 | reason, besides the natural law and human law which is ~ 403 2, 91 | the natural law and human law which is ~derived from it. 404 2, 91 | the natural and the human ~law, man should be directed 405 2, 91 | directed to his end by a law given by God.~Aquin.: SMT 406 2, 91 | in his proper acts by a law given by God, for it is ~ 407 2, 91 | is ~certain that such a law cannot err.~Aquin.: SMT 408 2, 91 | acts. Consequently human law could not ~sufficiently 409 2, 91 | this ~purpose that a Divine law should supervene.~Aquin.: 410 2, 91 | Lib. Arb. i, 5,6), human law ~cannot punish or forbid 411 2, 91 | necessary for the Divine law to supervene, whereby all ~ 412 2, 91 | where it is said: ~"The law of the Lord is unspotted," 413 2, 91 | Reply OBJ 1: By the natural law the eternal law is participated ~ 414 2, 91 | natural law the eternal law is participated ~proportionately 415 2, 91 | way. Hence the additional ~law given by God, whereby man 416 2, 91 | perfectly in the eternal law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 417 2, 91 | precepts of the natural law, for the ~reasons given 418 2, 91 | the precepts of the Divine law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 419 2, 91 | there is but one Divine law?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 420 2, 91 | there is but one Divine law. Because, where ~there is 421 2, 91 | kingdom there is but one law. Now the whole of ~mankind 422 2, 91 | there is but one Divine law. ~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 423 2, 91 | 1~OBJ 2: Further, every law is directed to the end which 424 2, 91 | those for whom he makes the law. But God intends one and 425 2, 91 | there is but one Divine law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 426 2, 91 | OBJ 3: Further, the Divine law seems to be more akin to 427 2, 91 | more akin to the eternal law, ~which is one, than the 428 2, 91 | is one, than the natural law, according as the revelation 429 2, 91 | much more is the ~Divine law but one.~Aquin.: SMT FS 430 2, 91 | translation also be made of the law." ~But the priesthood is 431 2, 91 | Christ. Therefore the Divine ~law is twofold, namely the Old 432 2, 91 | twofold, namely the Old Law and the New Law.~Aquin.: 433 2, 91 | the Old Law and the New Law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 434 2, 91 | and in this way the Divine law is divided into Old and 435 2, 91 | state of man under the Old ~Law to that of a child "under 436 2, 91 | the state under the New ~Law, to that of a full grown 437 2, 91 | conditions pertaining to law, as stated above. ~For, 438 2, 91 | first place, it belongs to law to be directed to the common ~ 439 2, 91 | directly ordained by the Old Law: wherefore, at the very 440 2, 91 | the very outset of the ~law, the people were invited 441 2, 91 | man is ordained by the New Law. Wherefore, at the very 442 2, 91 | Secondly, it belongs to the law to direct human acts according 443 2, 91 | wherein also the New Law surpasses the Old ~Law, 444 2, 91 | New Law surpasses the Old ~Law, since it directs our internal 445 2, 91 | the saying that "the ~Old Law restrains the hand, but 446 2, 91 | restrains the hand, but the New Law controls the mind" ( Sentent. ~ 447 2, 91 | Thirdly, it belongs to the law to induce men to observe 448 2, 91 | commandments. This the Old Law did by the fear of punishment: 449 2, 91 | punishment: but the New ~Law, by love, which is poured 450 2, 91 | Christ, ~bestowed in the New Law, but foreshadowed in the 451 2, 91 | and 'love.'] between the Law and the Gospel - fear ~and 452 2, 91 | His one ~kingdom, gave one law to men, while they were 453 2, 91 | and another ~more perfect law, when, by the preceding 454 2, 91 | when, by the preceding law, they had been led to a ~ 455 2, 91 | saved." Consequently the law that brings ~all to salvation 456 2, 91 | Christ ~was to be born, a law containing certain rudiments 457 2, 91 | Reply OBJ 3: The natural law directs man by way of certain 458 2, 91 | for all. But the Divine law directs man also in certain ~ 459 2, 91 | necessity for the Divine law to be twofold, ~as already 460 2, 91 | 1/1~Whether there is a law in the fomes of sin?~Aquin.: 461 2, 91 | would seem that there is no law of the "fomes" of sin. For ~ 462 2, 91 | says (Etym. v) that the "law is based on reason." But 463 2, 91 | has not the nature of a law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 464 2, 91 | 1~OBJ 2: Further, every law is binding, so that those 465 2, 91 | has not the nature of a law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 466 2, 91 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the law is ordained to the common 467 2, 91 | Rm. 7:23): "I see another law in my ~members, fighting 468 2, 91 | members, fighting against the law of my mind."~Aquin.: SMT 469 2, 91 | Q[90], A[1], ad 1), the law, as to ~its essence, resides 470 2, 91 | in things subject to the ~law, is called a law by participation, 471 2, 91 | to the ~law, is called a law by participation, as stated 472 2, 91 | those who are subject to a law may receive a twofold ~inclination 473 2, 91 | that there is a military law and a ~mercantile law. Secondly, 474 2, 91 | military law and a ~mercantile law. Secondly, indirectly; thus 475 2, 91 | so as to be under another law, as it were: thus if a ~ 476 2, 91 | that what is, as it were, a law for one, is ~against the 477 2, 91 | for one, is ~against the law for another: thus I might 478 2, 91 | fierceness is, in a ~way, the law of a dog, but against the 479 2, 91 | of a dog, but against the law of a sheep or another meek ~ 480 2, 91 | meek ~animal. And so the law of man, which, by the Divine 481 2, 91 | accordance with reason: and this law was so effective in ~the 482 2, 91 | has simply the nature of a law (yet only in so ~far as 483 2, 91 | yet only in so ~far as a law may be said to be in such 484 2, 91 | it has not the nature of law in this way, rather ~is 485 2, 91 | it a deviation from the law of reason. But since, by 486 2, 91 | following from the Divine law depriving man of his proper ~ 487 2, 91 | dignity, has the nature of a law.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[91] A[ 488 2, 91 | that it has the nature of a law, as ~stated above, but according 489 2, 91 | the justice of the Divine ~law: it is as though we were 490 2, 91 | we were to say that the law allows a nobleman to be ~ 491 2, 91 | This argument considers law in the light of a rule or ~ 492 2, 91 | those who deviate from the law ~become transgressors. But 493 2, 91 | But the "fomes" is not a law in this respect, but ~by 494 2, 92 | 1/1 - OF THE EFFECTS OF LAW (TWO ARTICLES)~We must now 495 2, 92 | consider the effects of law; under which head there 496 2, 92 | 1) Whether an effect of law is to make men good?~(2) 497 2, 92 | Whether the effects of law are to command, to forbid, 498 2, 92 | 1/1~Whether an effect of law is to make men good?~Aquin.: 499 2, 92 | that it is not an effect of law to make men good. For ~men 500 2, 92 | of virtue. Therefore the law does ~not make men good.~


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