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sacr 4
sacra 3
sacram 37
sacrament 3045
sacramental 352
sacramentality 1
sacramentally 37
Frequency    [«  »]
3096 yet
3086 species
3079 person
3045 sacrament
3027 certain
3018 two
2974 part
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

sacrament

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1500 | 1501-2000 | 2001-2500 | 2501-3000 | 3001-3045

     Part, Question
1 1, 66 | without substance, as ~in the Sacrament of the Altar. He could, 2 1, 67 | without substance, as ~in the Sacrament of the Altar. He could, 3 1, 91 | 5:32): "This is a great ~sacrament; but I speak in Christ and 4 1, 110 | enlightenment to baptism, as "the sacrament of faith." But faith is ~ 5 2, 20 | obstacle to the reception of a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[20] A[ 6 2, 101 | Law ~the sacrifice is the Sacrament of the Altar. Therefore 7 2, 101 | ceremonies ~require." Of the sacrament of Order it is written ( 8 2, 101 | this Sacrifice is also a ~sacrament. But the sacrifices of the 9 2, 102 | Paschal lamb signified the sacrament ~of the Eucharist, according 10 2, 102 | of Christ's body in the Sacrament; and the flesh was roasted ~ 11 2, 102 | For Baptism, which is the sacrament ~of Faith, corresponds to 12 2, 102 | Baptism." In the New Law the sacrament ~of the Eucharist corresponds 13 2, 102 | of the paschal lamb. The ~sacrament of Penance in the New Law 14 2, 102 | purifications ~of the Old Law. The sacrament of Orders corresponds to 15 2, 102 | and of the priests. To the sacrament of Confirmation, ~which 16 2, 102 | Confirmation, ~which is the sacrament of the fulness of grace, 17 2, 102 | would be no ~corresponding sacrament of the Old Law, because 18 2, 102 | The same applies to the sacrament of Extreme ~Unction, which 19 2, 102 | of nature, but not as the sacrament of the union of Christ with ~ 20 2, 102 | contrary to ~the nature of the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[102] A[ 21 2, 103 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The sacrament of circumcision was established 22 2, 103 | Hence it cannot be called a sacrament of the Law as ~though it 23 2, 113 | For we see that by the sacrament of ~Baptism, infants and 24 2, 113 | brought about without a sacrament; because as ~original sin, 25 2, 113 | Baptism, or of any other ~sacrament, unless he intended to make 26 2, 113 | intended to make use of this sacrament, and this can ~only be by 27 2, 1 | Christ is contained in the Sacrament of the altar. But ~it might 28 2, 1 | 1/1~OBJ 6: Further, the sacrament of the Eucharist presents 29 2, 1 | may be considered in the sacrament of the ~Eucharist. One is 30 2, 1 | is the fact that it is a sacrament, and in this respect it ~ 31 2, 2 | 32) that "this is a great sacrament . . . in Christ and the ~ 32 2, 2 | was ignorant about this ~sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[2] A[7] 33 2, 37 | is separated can confer a sacrament even as he can ~have it." 34 2, 37 | the power of conferring a sacrament is a very great power. ~ 35 2, 37 | person who ~confers the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[39] A[ 36 2, 68 | God's minister: and the sacrament is more binding than any 37 2, 79 | visible sacrifice is the ~sacrament or sacred sign of the invisible 38 2, 81 | the Eucharist is the chief sacrament, and bread is the chief 39 2, 87 | man: and this is either a sacrament or the Name of ~God. The 40 2, 87 | treating of the taking of a sacrament will be in the ~Third Part 41 2, 97 | sanctified: chief of which is the sacrament ~of the Eucharist, for it 42 2, 97 | is committed against this sacrament is the gravest of all. The ~ 43 2, 98 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the sacrament of Penance is a necessary 44 2, 98 | of Penance is a necessary sacrament ~consisting chiefly in the 45 2, 98 | unlawful to ~buy or sell a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[100] A[ 46 2, 98 | Further, marriage is a sacrament. But sometimes money is 47 2, 98 | Therefore it is lawful to sell a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[100] A[ 48 2, 98 | supply the lack of ~the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[100] A[ 49 2, 98 | Matrimony is not only a sacrament of the Church, but also 50 2, 98 | if it be considered as a ~sacrament of the Church. Hence, according 51 2, 98 | account of the efficacy of the sacrament: ~but he does not receive 52 2, 150 | are commemorated in the Sacrament of the Altar." By ~this 53 2, 152 | where we shall treat of the sacrament of matrimony. ~Wherefore, 54 2, 182 | serving Christ Himself in the sacrament of the altar. ~For this 55 2, 185 | for this is because the sacrament of the altar ~wherever it 56 3, 1 | Apostle says is "a great sacrament . . . in Christ and in the ~ 57 3, 22 | visible ~sacrifice is a sacrament, that is a sacred sign, 58 3, 29 | Resurrection of ~our Lord, and the Sacrament of the Altar. Wherefore 59 3, 29 | parents, offspring, faith and sacrament. The ~offspring we know 60 3, 29 | there was no ~adultery: sacrament, since there was no divorce. 61 3, 38 | baptism of John was not a sacrament properly so called ~[per 62 3, 38 | Secondly, because, when in a ~sacrament, that is omitted which belongs 63 3, 38 | belongs of necessity to the sacrament, ~not only must the omission 64 3, 38 | baptism of Christ, ~which is a sacrament of the New Law.~ 65 3, 39 | and baptism is called the "sacrament of faith." Now ~by faith 66 3, 46 | order to accomplish the ~sacrament of His death, when with 67 3, 46 | mankind ~is called to the sacrament of His Passion. But because 68 3, 48 | visible sacrifice ~is a sacrament - that is, a sacred sign - 69 3, 48 | partaken of by them under the Sacrament. Secondly, because being ~ 70 3, 49 | unto Christ's death by the sacrament of ~Baptism. Hence it is 71 3, 52 | parents' faith or by ~any sacrament of faith. Consequently, 72 3, 52 | sacraments, especially by the sacrament of the Eucharist, as shall 73 3, 52 | expiation. Consequently, the sacrament of the Eucharist delivers 74 3, 55 | aforesaid way, "until the Sacrament of the bread; that when ~ 75 3, 60 | GENERAL (QQ[60]-65)~WHAT IS A SACRAMENT? (EIGHT ARTICLES)~After 76 3, 60 | consider specially each ~sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] Out. 77 3, 60 | fivefold: (1) What is a ~sacrament? (2) Of the necessity of 78 3, 60 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether a sacrament is a kind of sign?~(2) Whether 79 3, 60 | sign of a sacred thing is a sacrament?~(3) Whether a sacrament 80 3, 60 | sacrament?~(3) Whether a sacrament is a sign of one thing only, 81 3, 60 | of several?~(4) Whether a sacrament is a sign that is something 82 3, 60 | thing is required for a sacrament?~(6) Whether signification 83 3, 60 | words is necessary for a ~sacrament?~(7) Whether determinate 84 3, 60 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether a sacrament is a kind of sign?~Aquin.: 85 3, 60 | 1~OBJ 1: It seems that a sacrament is not a kind of sign. For 86 3, 60 | not a kind of sign. For sacrament ~appears to be derived from " 87 3, 60 | than of a sign. Therefore a sacrament is a kind of cause rather ~ 88 3, 60 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sacrament seems to signify something 89 3, 60 | Therefore it seems ~that a sacrament is not a kind of sign.~Aquin.: 90 3, 60 | oath is sometimes called a sacrament: for it is ~written in the 91 3, 60 | nor be allowed to take ~a sacrament," i.e. an oath. But an oath 92 3, 60 | therefore ~it seems that a sacrament is not a kind of sign.~Aquin.: 93 3, 60 | visible sacrifice ~is the sacrament, i.e. the sacred sign, of 94 3, 60 | a thing may be called a "sacrament," either ~from having a 95 3, 60 | sanctity, and in this sense a sacrament is a ~"sacred secret"; or 96 3, 60 | sign: and in this way a sacrament is a kind of ~sign.~Aquin.: 97 3, 60 | But sanctity from which a sacrament is denominated, is ~not 98 3, 60 | it does not follow that a sacrament need always imply ~causality.~ 99 3, 60 | This argument considers sacrament in the sense of a "sacred ~ 100 3, 60 | to be ~sacred and to be a sacrament: because according to the 101 3, 60 | this ~sense it is called a sacrament: not in the sense in which 102 3, 60 | sacraments now; the word "sacrament" being thus used not equivocally 103 3, 60 | sign of a holy thing is a sacrament?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 104 3, 60 | sign of a sacred thing is a sacrament. ~For all sensible creatures 105 3, 60 | sign of a sacred thing is a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 106 3, 60 | sign of a sacred thing is a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 107 3, 60 | sign of a sacred thing is a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 108 3, 60 | defined. Now ~some define a sacrament as being "the sign of a 109 3, 60 | sign of a sacred thing is a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 110 3, 60 | the known. Consequently a sacrament properly so ~called is that 111 3, 60 | that properly speaking a sacrament, as considered by us now, 112 3, 60 | Thes. Para. 1/1 ~Whether a sacrament is a sign of one thing only?~ 113 3, 60 | 1~OBJ 1: It seems that a sacrament is a sign of one thing only. 114 3, 60 | Therefore it seems that a sacrament is not a sign of several 115 3, 60 | as stated above (A[2]), a sacrament signifies a holy ~thing 116 3, 60 | Therefore it seems that a sacrament does not signify ~several 117 3, 60 | above (A[2], ad 3) that a sacrament ~signifies properly the 118 3, 60 | On the contrary, In the Sacrament of the Altar, two things 119 3, 60 | As stated above (A[2]) a sacrament properly speaking is ~that 120 3, 60 | sacraments. Consequently ~a sacrament is a sign that is both a 121 3, 60 | human nature. In this way a sacrament signifies the three things ~ 122 3, 60 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Since a sacrament signifies that which sanctifies, 123 3, 60 | OBJ 3: It is enough for a sacrament that it signify that ~perfection 124 3, 60 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether a sacrament is always something sensible?~ 125 3, 60 | 1~OBJ 1: It seems that a sacrament is not always something 126 3, 60 | that is ~required for a sacrament is something that is a sign 127 3, 60 | sensible is not required for a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 128 3, 60 | element and this becomes a sacrament"; and he is speaking ~there 129 3, 60 | things are required for a sacrament?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 130 3, 60 | are not required for a ~sacrament. For sensible things are 131 3, 60 | be suitable to the same ~sacrament. Therefore determinate things 132 3, 60 | signification in this or that sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 133 3, 60 | What else is a ~corporeal sacrament but a kind of visible word?" 134 3, 60 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, a sacrament is some one thing, but it 135 3, 60 | element, and this ~becomes a sacrament."~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 136 3, 60 | Body Para. 3/3~Thirdly, a sacrament may be considered on the 137 3, 60 | words in consecrating the ~sacrament of the Eucharist, when He 138 3, 60 | sense is ~expressed, the sacrament is complete.~Aquin.: SMT 139 3, 60 | Church intends: and thus the sacrament seems to be defective. But 140 3, 60 | deprive them of sense, the sacrament seems ~to be defective. 141 3, 60 | this mispronunciation, the ~sacrament is complete. This would 142 3, 60 | it will not be the same sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 143 3, 60 | interruption. If therefore, the sacrament is ~not rendered invalid 144 3, 60 | etc. Yet ~both confer the sacrament validly. Therefore it is 145 3, 60 | intention is ~essential to the sacrament, as will be explained further 146 3, 60 | Church, it seems that the ~sacrament is invalid: because he seems 147 3, 60 | words: because then ~the sacrament is clearly rendered invalid. 148 3, 60 | destroyed; and consequently the sacrament ~is invalid. Wherefore Didymus 149 3, 60 | consequently the validity of the sacrament. Thus in the form of the ~ 150 3, 60 | consequently cause the ~sacrament to be invalid; although 151 3, 60 | such an addition makes ~the sacrament invalid. But if the addition 152 3, 60 | the ~essential sense, the sacrament is not rendered invalid. 153 3, 60 | would ~therefore render the sacrament invalid: whereas if the 154 3, 60 | baptismal ~grace, then the sacrament is not rendered void.~Aquin.: 155 3, 60 | destroy ~the essence of the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 156 3, 60 | consequently, the validity of the sacrament. But this is ~not the case 157 3, 60 | sense of the words, the sacrament is invalidated: as ~happens 158 3, 60 | words does not vary, the ~sacrament is not invalidated, according 159 3, 61 | Further, matrimony is a sacrament, according to Eph. 5:32: " 160 3, 61 | 5:32: "This ~is a great sacrament; but I speak in Christ and 161 3, 61 | of innocence, not as ~a sacrament, but as a function of nature. 162 3, 61 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The sacrament of Melchisedech which preceded 163 3, 61 | the Law is ~more like the Sacrament of the New Law in its matter: 164 3, 61 | the thing signified by the sacrament, i.e. the ~Passion of Christ: 165 3, 61 | continuation of one and the same ~sacrament, where there was no interruption 166 3, 62 | keeping with an effect. But a sacrament is a ~sign of grace. Therefore 167 3, 62 | fulfil the conditions of a sacrament; being ordained to ~something 168 3, 62 | obtaining the end of the sacrament. It is thus that ~sacramental 169 3, 62 | contained in a corporeal sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[62] A[ 170 3, 62 | De Sacram. i) that "a ~sacrament, through its being sanctified, 171 3, 62 | as in its sign; ~for a sacrament is a sign of grace. Secondly, 172 3, 62 | as ~stated above (A[1]) a sacrament of the New Law is an instrumental 173 3, 62 | Wherefore grace is in a sacrament of the New Law, not as to 174 3, 62 | Grace is said to be in a sacrament not as in its subject; ~ 175 3, 62 | contained by it. But, in a sacrament, grace has a ~passing and 176 3, 62 | to ~exist as soon as the sacrament is complete. Therefore it 177 3, 62 | concur in the completion of a sacrament, namely, words and things: 178 3, 62 | and things: while ~in one sacrament there can be but one power. 179 3, 62 | But if we hold ~that a sacrament is an instrumental cause 180 3, 62 | principal agent, so does a sacrament ~receive spiritual power 181 3, 62 | things combine to form one sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[62] A[ 182 3, 62 | Divine Word perfects ~the sacrament "not because it is spoken, 183 3, 62 | As stated above (A[1]) a sacrament in causing grace works ~ 184 3, 62 | instrument, whereas the sacrament is as a separate instrument. ~ 185 3, 63 | indelible?~(6) Whether every sacrament imprints a character?~Aquin.: 186 3, 63 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether a sacrament imprints a character on 187 3, 63 | 1~OBJ 1: It seems that a sacrament does not imprint a character 188 3, 63 | imprinted by a sensible sacrament: since we know that a ~certain 189 3, 63 | comparison to the ~sensible sacrament by which it is imprinted. 190 3, 63 | that is conferred by the sacrament. Now grace is poured ~forth 191 3, 63 | as regards the ~exterior sacrament, and a sacrament in regard 192 3, 63 | exterior sacrament, and a sacrament in regard to the ultimate 193 3, 63 | character be considered as a sacrament: and thus it is a ~sign 194 3, 63 | which is conferred in the sacrament. ~Secondly, if it be considered 195 3, 63 | character is imprinted by each sacrament of the New Law?~Aquin.: 196 3, 63 | the New Law: because each sacrament of the New Law makes man 197 3, 63 | character is imprinted by each ~sacrament of the New Law.~Aquin.: 198 3, 63 | consecrated. But by each sacrament of ~the New Law man becomes 199 3, 63 | character is imprinted by ~each sacrament of the New Law.~Aquin.: 200 3, 63 | is both a reality and a sacrament. But in ~each sacrament 201 3, 63 | sacrament. But in ~each sacrament of the New Law, there is 202 3, 63 | something which is only a sacrament, and something which is ~ 203 3, 63 | which is ~both reality and sacrament. Therefore a character is 204 3, 63 | character is imprinted by each ~sacrament of the New Law.~Aquin.: 205 3, 63 | 6] Body Para. 2/3~Now a sacrament may belong to the Divine 206 3, 63 | Church. And by ~this same sacrament a character is not imprinted 207 3, 63 | Para. 3/3~But it is the sacrament of order that pertains to 208 3, 63 | agents: for it is by this sacrament that men are deputed to 209 3, 63 | sacraments on others: while the sacrament of Baptism pertains to the ~ 210 3, 63 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Every sacrament makes man of the a participator 211 3, 63 | effect thereof. But ~every sacrament does not depute a man to 212 3, 63 | this that is required for a sacrament to imprint a character.~ 213 3, 63 | character is a reality and a sacrament, it does ~not follow that 214 3, 63 | whatever is a reality and a sacrament, is also a ~character. With 215 3, 63 | reality and what is the sacrament.~ 216 3, 64 | an unbeliever to confer a sacrament?~(10) Whether a right intention 217 3, 64 | for the receiver of the sacrament through the devotion of 218 3, 64 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, a sacrament is a kind of sign. Now sensible 219 3, 64 | laws. But the power of a ~sacrament is from God alone, as we 220 3, 64 | God alone can institute a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 221 3, 64 | an agent in ~respect of a sacrament is twofold; viz. he who 222 3, 64 | he who makes use of the sacrament instituted, by applying 223 3, 64 | effect. Now the power of a sacrament cannot be from him ~who 224 3, 64 | him ~who makes use of the sacrament: because he works but as 225 3, 64 | follows that the power of the sacrament is from the ~institutor 226 3, 64 | from the ~institutor of the sacrament. Since, therefore, the power 227 3, 64 | therefore, the power of the sacrament ~is from God alone, it follows 228 3, 64 | are not ~essential to the sacrament; but belong to the solemnity 229 3, 64 | that are essential to the sacrament, are ~instituted by Christ 230 3, 64 | saying (De Sacram. i) that "a sacrament ~owes its signification 231 3, 64 | without ~conferring the sacrament, except he produce the sacramental 232 3, 64 | without conferring ~the sacrament; as in the case of Magdalen 233 3, 64 | in virtue of which the sacrament operates. But the sacraments 234 3, 64 | conferring the exterior sacrament. ~Thus it is clear how to 235 3, 64 | for the ~sacraments, the sacrament is invalid; for instance, 236 3, 64 | minister required for a sacrament is ~one who is without the 237 3, 64 | minister be wicked, the sacrament ~has no effect.~Aquin.: 238 3, 64 | A thing is required in a sacrament in two ways. First, as ~ 239 3, 64 | if this be wanting, the sacrament is invalid; ~for instance, 240 3, 64 | thing is ~required for a sacrament, by reason of a certain 241 3, 64 | ministers are required for a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 242 3, 64 | OBJ 2: He who approaches a sacrament, receives it from a minister ~ 243 3, 64 | ministry, he that receives a sacrament from him, does not ~communicate 244 3, 64 | ministry, he that receives a ~sacrament from him sins, because he 245 3, 64 | without ~conferring the sacrament; so neither did He bind 246 3, 64 | required for the validity of a ~sacrament?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 247 3, 64 | required for the ~validity of a sacrament. For the minister of a sacrament 248 3, 64 | sacrament. For the minister of a sacrament works ~instrumentally. But 249 3, 64 | for the perfecting of ~a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 250 3, 64 | required for the validity of a ~sacrament, he who approaches a sacrament 251 3, 64 | sacrament, he who approaches a sacrament could not know whether he 252 3, 64 | whether he has ~received the sacrament. Consequently he could have 253 3, 64 | Therefore in this ~respect the sacrament would be invalid through 254 3, 64 | the absence of ~which the sacrament is invalid: and that this 255 3, 64 | intention of approaching the sacrament, is made ~good by Christ, 256 3, 64 | never imprinted save by a ~sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 257 3, 64 | that the minister of a ~sacrament acts in the person of the 258 3, 64 | for the validity of the sacrament, ~except the contrary be 259 3, 64 | of ~the recipient of the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 260 3, 64 | for the validity ~of the sacrament; for instance if, when a 261 3, 64 | distracted by other matters, ~the sacrament is valid in virtue of his 262 3, 64 | Nevertheless, ~the minister of a sacrament should take great care to 263 3, 64 | necessity in the minister of a sacrament?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 264 3, 64 | necessity in the minister of a ~sacrament. For, as stated above (A[ 265 3, 64 | necessary for the validity of a sacrament. But "faith directs in ~ 266 3, 64 | without the true faith, the ~sacrament is invalid.~Aquin.: SMT 267 3, 64 | ungodly men." ~Therefore a sacrament requires of necessity that 268 3, 64 | excommunicate cannot ~confer a sacrament of the Church: since he 269 3, 64 | sacraments belongs. Therefore a ~sacrament requires of necessity that 270 3, 64 | just as the validity of a sacrament does not require ~that the 271 3, 64 | unbeliever can confer a true sacrament, ~provided that the other 272 3, 64 | regard to the reality of the sacrament which ~he confers: for instance, 273 3, 64 | intention ~of conferring the sacrament. But if his faith be defective 274 3, 64 | defective in regard to ~the very sacrament that he confers, although 275 3, 64 | Church intends to confer a sacrament by that which is outwardly ~ 276 3, 64 | intention ~suffices for a sacrament: because as stated above ( 277 3, 64 | ad 2) the ~minister of a sacrament acts in the person of the 278 3, 64 | these confer neither the sacrament nor ~the reality of the 279 3, 64 | nor ~the reality of the sacrament. But some do observe the 280 3, 64 | these confer indeed the sacrament but not the reality. I ~ 281 3, 64 | receiving the ~effect of the sacrament. Wherefore Augustine (Fulgentius, 282 3, 64 | regard to the reality of the sacrament, not as to ~the sacrament 283 3, 64 | sacrament, not as to ~the sacrament itself.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[ 284 3, 64 | do not confer even the ~sacrament: but in this respect we 285 3, 64 | does indeed confer the ~sacrament, but he sins in so doing. 286 3, 64 | also sins that receives a ~sacrament from such a man: so that 287 3, 64 | receive the reality of the ~sacrament, unless ignorance excuses 288 3, 64 | Whether the validity of a sacrament requires a good intention 289 3, 64 | seems that the validity of a sacrament requires a good ~intention 290 3, 64 | Therefore the validity of ~a sacrament requires of necessity a 291 3, 64 | playful intention destroys a sacrament: for instance, if someone 292 3, 64 | perverse intention destroy a sacrament: for instance, if somebody 293 3, 64 | intention is perverse, the sacrament is ~invalid.~Aquin.: SMT 294 3, 64 | minister does not annul the ~sacrament: neither, therefore, does 295 3, 64 | First in regard to the sacrament: for instance, when a man 296 3, 64 | not ~intend to confer a sacrament, but to make a mockery of 297 3, 64 | takes away the truth of the sacrament, especially if ~it be manifested 298 3, 64 | something that ~follows the sacrament: for instance, a priest 299 3, 64 | intention does ~not annul the sacrament; but the minister himself 300 3, 64 | to the validity of ~the sacrament and as to the use thereof: 301 3, 64 | intention ~that perfects the sacrament, while the latter conduces 302 3, 64 | the latter, perfects the ~sacrament indeed, but gains no merit 303 3, 64 | necessary for the validity of a sacrament. Consequently, ~there is 304 3, 64 | the minister perverts the sacrament in so far as it is his ~ 305 3, 65 | there should be but one sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[65] A[ 306 3, 65 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, a sacrament is intended as a remedy 307 3, 65 | the ~Old Law there was no sacrament corresponding to Confirmation 308 3, 65 | A[3]. But there is no ~sacrament instituted as a remedy for 309 3, 65 | Sacrifice of the Church is one sacrament, called the Eucharist. Therefore ~ 310 3, 65 | spiritual life there is the sacrament of ~order, according to 311 3, 65 | since it is not only a sacrament ~but also a function of 312 3, 65 | Church; ~and to these the sacrament of order belongs. The recipients 313 3, 65 | cleansing, however, cannot be a sacrament of the New Law, which confers ~ 314 3, 65 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 4: In the sacrament of Confirmation we receive 315 3, 65 | There was need for a special sacrament to be applied as a ~remedy 316 3, 65 | for the conferring of a sacrament; thus the altar and ~vessels 317 3, 65 | 2: Further, through the sacrament of order man receives the 318 3, 65 | something spiritual it is a sacrament. ~And because it has the 319 3, 65 | himself, are placed before the sacrament of order, in which a man 320 3, 65 | generation: whereas the sacrament of the ~Eucharist is ordained 321 3, 65 | Eucharist." Therefore ~this sacrament is greater than all the 322 3, 65 | Absolutely speaking, the sacrament of the Eucharist is ~the 323 3, 65 | it is manifest that the ~sacrament of order is ordained to 324 3, 65 | the Eucharist: and ~the sacrament of Baptism to the reception 325 3, 65 | fear to abstain from this ~sacrament. By Penance and Extreme 326 3, 65 | signification, ~touches this sacrament; in so far as it signifies 327 3, 65 | 5:32): "This is a great sacrament: but I speak in ~Christ 328 3, 65 | contained ~substantially in the sacrament itself of the Eucharist.~ 329 3, 65 | deputed to any duty by the sacrament of the Eucharist, ~rather 330 3, 65 | Eucharist, ~rather is this sacrament the end of all duties, as 331 3, 65 | priesthood. Wherefore the ~sacrament that unites man to Christ 332 3, 65 | Himself, is greater than a sacrament ~that imprints Christ's 333 3, 65 | to be superfluous. But no sacrament is ~superfluous, because " 334 3, 65 | as Baptism is a necessary sacrament, ~so is the Eucharist.~Aquin.: 335 3, 65 | can be saved without the sacrament of Baptism, ~provided that 336 3, 65 | religion, debar him from the sacrament, as we shall state further 337 3, 65 | contempt of religion in any sacrament is a hindrance ~to salvation. 338 3, 65 | after Baptism; while the ~sacrament of order is necessary to 339 3, 65 | amount to contempt of the sacrament, if ~anyone does not trouble 340 3, 65 | not trouble to receive a sacrament that is not necessary for ~ 341 3, 66 | BAPTISM (QQ[66]-71)~OF THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM (TWELVE ARTICLES)~ 342 3, 66 | have now to consider each sacrament specially: (1) Baptism; ( 343 3, 66 | Things pertaining to the sacrament of Baptism; (2) The minister 344 3, 66 | 2) The minister of this ~sacrament; (3) The recipients of this 345 3, 66 | The recipients of this sacrament; (4) The effect of this ~ 346 3, 66 | 4) The effect of this ~sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[66] Out. 347 3, 66 | the institution of this sacrament; ~(3) Whether water be the 348 3, 66 | the proper matter of this sacrament?~(4) Whether plain water 349 3, 66 | a suitable form of this sacrament: "I baptize thee ~in the 350 3, 66 | element, and this becomes a sacrament." Now, the element is ~the 351 3, 66 | 3~I answer that, In the sacrament of Baptism, three things 352 3, 66 | namely, that which is "sacrament only"; that which is ~"reality 353 3, 66 | that which is ~"reality and sacrament"; and that which is "reality 354 3, 66 | reality only." That which is ~sacrament only, is something visible 355 3, 66 | is the very nature of a sacrament. And this ~outward something 356 3, 66 | the water itself is the sacrament: which seems to be the meaning 357 3, 66 | general definition of ~a sacrament he says that it is "a material 358 3, 66 | sanctification, there the sacrament is completed where the ~ 359 3, 66 | sanctification. Consequently the sacrament is not ~completed in the 360 3, 66 | character is both reality and sacrament: because it is ~something 361 3, 66 | the reality only, in this ~sacrament - namely, the reality signified 362 3, 66 | OBJ 1: That which is both sacrament and reality - i.e. the ~ 363 3, 66 | done ~outwardly, and is the sacrament only; but as to that which 364 3, 66 | ultimate reality of the ~sacrament - namely, "regeneration" 365 3, 66 | whence ~it is called the "Sacrament of Faith." Likewise Dionysius 366 3, 66 | added, the element becomes a sacrament, ~not in the element itself, 367 3, 66 | New Law: especially the sacrament of ~Baptism since the Apostle 368 3, 66 | Baptism is a necessary sacrament, as stated above (Q[65]~, 369 3, 66 | Wherefore it seems that ~a sacrament is then instituted, when 370 3, 66 | if we consider it as a ~sacrament. But the obligation of receiving 371 3, 66 | obligation of receiving this sacrament was proclaimed ~to mankind 372 3, 66 | adaptability to ~Baptism as the "sacrament of Faith."~Aquin.: SMT TP 373 3, 66 | suitable to our need of this sacrament: for it can easily be obtained ~ 374 3, 66 | Wherefore blood belongs to the sacrament of the Eucharist, ~while 375 3, 66 | while water belongs to the sacrament of Baptism. Yet this latter ~ 376 3, 66 | Baptism. Yet this latter ~sacrament derives its cleansing virtue 377 3, 66 | minister. Now the minister of a sacrament acts as an instrument, as ~ 378 3, 66 | minister who ~confers the sacrament outwardly. Wherefore both 379 3, 66 | indicated as conferring the sacrament by His own power, in the ~ 380 3, 66 | invocation of ~the Trinity, the sacrament is validly conferred. As 381 3, 66 | or as the Greeks do, the sacrament is not ~valid; according 382 3, 66 | the Persons. Nor is ~the sacrament valid if conferred in any 383 3, 66 | instituted in regard to a sacrament, it is ~invalid; save by 384 3, 66 | Now Christ commanded the sacrament of Baptism to be ~given 385 3, 66 | Three; ~because just as a sacrament requires sensible matter, 386 3, 66 | for the validity of the sacrament it is not ~enough to imply 387 3, 66 | 1~I answer that, In the sacrament of Baptism water is put 388 3, 66 | admonishes us to confer the sacrament ~of Baptism to each one 389 3, 66 | Baptism, it ~follows that the sacrament of Baptism is conferred 390 3, 66 | does not suffice for the sacrament of Baptism, and trine ~immersion 391 3, 66 | being essential to the sacrament: whereas ~the mode of washing 392 3, 66 | washing is accidental to the sacrament. Consequently, as ~Gregory 393 3, 66 | immersion essential to the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[66] A[ 394 3, 66 | Eucharist is a more perfect sacrament than Baptism, ~as stated 395 3, 66 | above (Q[65], A[3]). But the sacrament of the Eucharist is ~reiterated. 396 3, 66 | renewed": and that "the sacrament ~of Christ is not less enduring 397 3, 66 | murderer, Christ's; for that sacrament is so sacred, that ~not 398 3, 66 | not be used in the ~same sacrament. But water is used for washing 399 3, 66 | 4~I answer that, In the sacrament of Baptism something is 400 3, 66 | which is ~essential to the sacrament, and something which belongs 401 3, 66 | certain ~solemnity of the sacrament. Essential indeed, to the 402 3, 66 | Essential indeed, to the sacrament are both ~the form which 403 3, 66 | the principal cause of the sacrament; and the ~minister who is 404 3, 66 | certain solemnity of the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[66] A[ 405 3, 66 | in conjunction with the sacrament for three ~reasons. First, 406 3, 66 | their reverence for the sacrament. For if there were nothing 407 3, 66 | of the substance of the ~sacrament; but the use of oil or chrism 408 3, 66 | good works; so that the sacrament of faith may purify the ~ 409 3, 66 | belong to the solemnity of a ~sacrament are not essential to it, 410 3, 66 | since ~they pertain to the sacrament's wellbeing, as stated above.~ 411 3, 66 | 2: Further, Baptism is a sacrament, as we have made clear above ~( 412 3, 66 | but Baptism of Water is a sacrament. Therefore we ~should not 413 3, 66 | stated above (Q[60], A[1]), a sacrament is a kind of ~sign. The 414 3, 66 | character is both reality and a sacrament. And we do not ~say that 415 3, 66 | considering the nature ~of a sacrament; but considering the sacramental 416 3, 67 | THE MINISTERS BY WHOM THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM IS CONFERRED ( 417 3, 67 | the ministers by whom the sacrament of Baptism ~is conferred. 418 3, 67 | a layman can confer the sacrament of Baptism?~(4) Whether 419 3, 67 | celebrant in conferring a sacrament, but to minister to others, 420 3, 67 | a ~deacon to confer the sacrament of Baptism officially as 421 3, 67 | for the ~reception of a sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[67] A[ 422 3, 67 | Because Baptism is a necessary sacrament, deacons are ~allowed to 423 3, 67 | consecrated virgins." But the sacrament of Baptism is ~greater than 424 3, 67 | purpose of celebrating ~the sacrament of Christ's Body, as stated 425 3, 67 | A[3]). Now that ~is the sacrament of ecclesiastical unity, 426 3, 67 | above (Q[65], A[3]), the sacrament of Baptism ~holds the first 427 3, 67 | as Baptism is a necessary sacrament, so is Penance. ~But a layman 428 3, 67 | is not essential to the ~sacrament. Consequently, if a layman 429 3, 67 | yet he would confer the sacrament; nor would ~the person thus 430 3, 67 | baptized can confer the sacrament of Baptism?~Aquin.: SMT 431 3, 67 | baptized cannot confer the ~sacrament of Baptism. For "none gives 432 3, 67 | non-baptized person has not the sacrament of Baptism. Therefore he 433 3, 67 | Further, a man confers the sacrament of Baptism inasmuch as he 434 3, 67 | Therefore he cannot ~confer the sacrament of Baptism.~Aquin.: SMT 435 3, 67 | it is more to confer a sacrament than to receive it. But ~ 436 3, 67 | therefore, can he confer any sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[67] A[ 437 3, 67 | baptized can confer the ~sacrament of Baptism.~Aquin.: SMT 438 3, 67 | pagans, can confer the ~sacrament of Baptism, provided they 439 3, 67 | Church be not observed, the sacrament of Baptism is not conferred. ~ 440 3, 67 | as the essentials of the ~sacrament are concerned, any water 441 3, 67 | would receive not only the sacrament but also the reality ~of 442 3, 67 | also the reality ~of the sacrament. But if this were done outside 443 3, 67 | frustrated, although the sacrament itself would ~not be invalidated.~ 444 3, 67 | 3: Further, Baptism is a sacrament of the greatest necessity. 445 3, 67 | 1/3~I answer that, The Sacrament of Baptism derives its power 446 3, 67 | some ~maintain that the sacrament of Baptism would not be 447 3, 67 | the Greeks ~receive the sacrament of Baptism: and yet this 448 3, 67 | this seems to annul the sacrament ~of Baptism.~Aquin.: SMT 449 3, 67 | first ~would confer the sacrament of Baptism; while the other, 450 3, 67 | inwardly would confer ~one sacrament by means of both together.~ 451 3, 67 | is not essential ~to the sacrament, and in a case of necessity 452 3, 67 | baptizing is essential to the sacrament, wherefore as ~the godparent 453 3, 68 | Consequently although the sacrament itself of Baptism was not ~ 454 3, 68 | of which Baptism is the ~sacrament, was always necessary.~Aquin.: 455 3, 68 | A[1]; Q[65], A[4]), the sacrament of ~Baptism is necessary 456 3, 68 | consisting in a visible sacrament, without the invisible ~ 457 3, 68 | Since, therefore, the sacrament ~of Baptism pertains to 458 3, 68 | obtain salvation without the sacrament of Baptism, by means of 459 3, 68 | 1/2~I answer that, The sacrament or Baptism may be wanting 460 3, 68 | indicates ~contempt of the sacrament, in regard to those who 461 3, 68 | Para. 2/2~Secondly, the sacrament of Baptism may be wanting 462 3, 68 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The sacrament of Baptism is said to be 463 3, 68 | available for them besides ~the sacrament of Baptism.~Aquin.: SMT 464 3, 68 | certain reverence for the sacrament ~demands a delay whereby 465 3, 68 | being that they ~receive the sacrament with greater devotion.~Aquin.: 466 3, 68 | no time to ~receive the sacrament, while he awaits the season 467 3, 68 | Therefore it seems that the sacrament of Baptism should be ~offered 468 3, 68 | souls, it seems that this sacrament should be offered to sinners.~ 469 3, 68 | Therefore it ~seems that the sacrament of Baptism should be offered 470 3, 68 | sinners in this sense the sacrament of Baptism should be conferred, ~ 471 3, 68 | sinners in this sense the sacrament of ~Baptism should not be 472 3, 68 | that on such a man the sacrament of Baptism is not to be 473 3, 68 | outwardly. Therefore the sacrament of ~Baptism is not to be 474 3, 68 | Reply OBJ 3: Baptism is the sacrament of faith. Now dead faith 475 3, 68 | Neither, therefore, can the sacrament of Baptism give salvation ~ 476 3, 68 | minister, belongs ~to the sacrament of Penance, which is not 477 3, 68 | intention of receiving the sacrament of Baptism is required ~ 478 3, 68 | intention of receiving the sacrament of Baptism ~is not required 479 3, 68 | it were, "patient" in the sacrament. But an intention is required 480 3, 68 | order that he receive the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[68] A[ 481 3, 68 | intention of receiving the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[68] A[ 482 3, 68 | precisely the receiving of the sacrament. Therefore ~on the part 483 3, 68 | intention of receiving the sacrament.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[68] A[ 484 3, 68 | intention of receiving the sacrament, ~he must be rebaptized. 485 3, 68 | the one baptized. ~For the sacrament of Baptism was instituted 486 3, 68 | without faith there can be no sacrament of Baptism.~Aquin.: SMT 487 3, 68 | intention of receiving the sacrament is required for ~Baptism. 488 3, 68 | faith, since Baptism is the ~sacrament of right faith: for thereby 489 3, 68 | faith cannot receive the sacrament of ~Baptism.~Aquin.: SMT 490 3, 68 | ultimate ~effect of the sacrament, cannot be had. And thus 491 3, 68 | which are essential ~to the sacrament. For the sacrament is not 492 3, 68 | to the sacrament. For the sacrament is not perfected by the 493 3, 68 | have ~right faith about the sacrament of Baptism: and so he is 494 3, 68 | intention of receiving that sacrament. Yet even if he ~think not 495 3, 68 | not aright concerning this sacrament, it is enough, for the ~ 496 3, 68 | for the ~receiving of the sacrament, that he should have a general 497 3, 68 | Reply OBJ 4: Just as the sacrament of Baptism is not to be 498 3, 68 | Yet each receives ~the sacrament if it be conferred on him, 499 3, 68 | intention ~to receive the sacrament is required in one who is 500 3, 68 | they cannot ~receive the sacrament of Baptism.~Aquin.: SMT


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