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Alphabetical    [«  »]
punisher 2
punishes 28
punishing 38
punishment 1844
punishments 172
punitive 1
pupil 26
Frequency    [«  »]
1921 principle
1907 lord
1852 action
1844 punishment
1843 kind
1826 before
1819 perfection
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

punishment

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1500 | 1501-1844

     Part, Question
1 1, 3 | of an ~angry man, God's punishment is metaphorically spoken 2 1, 19 | of natural defect, or of punishment, He does will, ~by willing 3 1, 19 | willing ~justice He wills punishment; and in willing the preservation 4 1, 19 | man to ~punish, so that punishment becomes an expression of 5 1, 19 | expression of anger. Therefore ~punishment itself is signified by the 6 1, 19 | divine will in God. Thus punishment ~is not a sign that there 7 1, 20 | the penitent, who deserved punishment, than as conferred ~on the 8 1, 20 | the innocent, to whom no punishment was due; just as a hundred 9 1, 21 | and mercy appear in the punishment of the just in ~this world, 10 1, 22 | accordingly ~something by way of punishment or reward. In this way, 11 1, 23 | sin, and to ~impose the punishment of damnation on account 12 1, 23 | future - namely, ~eternal punishment. But guilt proceeds from 13 1, 47 | would be for the sake of the punishment of sin, which ~is contrary 14 1, 48 | evil to be ~made worthy of punishment." And this because, since 15 1, 63 | secondly, as to the evil of ~punishment. Under the first heading 16 1, 63 | subjected to him in his punishment; according to (2 ~Pt. 2: 17 1, 64 | 64] Out. Para. 1/1 - THE PUNISHMENT OF THE DEMONS (FOUR ARTICLES)~ 18 1, 64 | sequel to deal with the punishment of the demons; ~under which 19 1, 64 | grief;~(4) Of their place of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] A[ 20 1, 64 | be sent "into everlasting punishment," and the good brought " 21 1, 64 | is of the very notion of punishment for it to be ~repugnant 22 1, 64 | be sorry for the evil of punishment, for the evil of sin on ~ 23 1, 64 | of sin on ~account of the punishment, bears witness to the goodness 24 1, 64 | nature, to ~which the evil of punishment is opposed. Hence Augustine 25 1, 64 | sorrow for good lost by punishment, is the witness to ~a good 26 1, 64 | is the demons' place of punishment?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] A[ 27 1, 64 | not the demons' place of ~punishment. For a demon is a spiritual 28 1, 64 | Therefore there is no place of punishment for ~demons.~Aquin.: SMT 29 1, 64 | demons'. But man's ~place of punishment is hell. Much more, therefore, 30 1, 64 | it the demons' ~place of punishment; and consequently not the 31 1, 64 | atmosphere ~is not the place of punishment for the demons.~Aquin.: 32 1, 64 | Consequently a twofold place of punishment ~is due to the demons: one, 33 1, 64 | atmosphere is their due place of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] A[ 34 1, 64 | atmosphere, nevertheless their punishment is none the less; ~because 35 1, 64 | this, deeming ~it to be a punishment for them to be cast out 36 1, 65 | original purpose, but in ~punishment of the sin of spiritual 37 1, 65 | that it might serve for a punishment suitable to some ~sin of 38 1, 65 | nature, ~unless it be in punishment of a fault.~Aquin.: SMT 39 1, 69 | they were not produced ~in punishment of man; as though the earth, 40 1, 48 | would be for the sake of the punishment of sin, which ~is contrary 41 1, 49 | evil to be ~made worthy of punishment." And this because, since 42 1, 64 | secondly, as to the evil of ~punishment. Under the first heading 43 1, 64 | subjected to him in his punishment; according to (2 ~Pt. 2: 44 1, 65 | 64] Out. Para. 1/1 - THE PUNISHMENT OF THE DEMONS (FOUR ARTICLES)~ 45 1, 65 | sequel to deal with the punishment of the demons; ~under which 46 1, 65 | grief;~(4) Of their place of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] A[ 47 1, 65 | be sent "into everlasting punishment," and the good brought " 48 1, 65 | is of the very notion of punishment for it to be ~repugnant 49 1, 65 | be sorry for the evil of punishment, for the evil of sin on ~ 50 1, 65 | of sin on ~account of the punishment, bears witness to the goodness 51 1, 65 | nature, to ~which the evil of punishment is opposed. Hence Augustine 52 1, 65 | sorrow for good lost by punishment, is the witness to ~a good 53 1, 65 | is the demons' place of punishment?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] A[ 54 1, 65 | not the demons' place of ~punishment. For a demon is a spiritual 55 1, 65 | Therefore there is no place of punishment for ~demons.~Aquin.: SMT 56 1, 65 | demons'. But man's ~place of punishment is hell. Much more, therefore, 57 1, 65 | it the demons' ~place of punishment; and consequently not the 58 1, 65 | atmosphere ~is not the place of punishment for the demons.~Aquin.: 59 1, 65 | Consequently a twofold place of punishment ~is due to the demons: one, 60 1, 65 | atmosphere is their due place of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] A[ 61 1, 65 | atmosphere, nevertheless their punishment is none the less; ~because 62 1, 65 | this, deeming ~it to be a punishment for them to be cast out 63 1, 66 | original purpose, but in ~punishment of the sin of spiritual 64 1, 66 | that it might serve for a punishment suitable to some ~sin of 65 1, 66 | nature, ~unless it be in punishment of a fault.~Aquin.: SMT 66 1, 70 | they were not produced ~in punishment of man; as though the earth, 67 1, 93 | man as created; but is a punishment ~of man condemned."~Aquin.: 68 1, 94 | flesh, as though it were a punishment corresponding to their own ~ 69 1, 98 | thus it appears to be a punishment of sin that he has not that 70 1, 101 | experience of the consequent punishment, the difference between 71 1, 101 | was brought on him as a punishment of sin would not ~have existed 72 1, 101 | cultivation ~of the soil was a punishment of sin (Gn. 3:17). Therefore 73 1, 108 | according to their sin or punishment. But it is not according ~ 74 1, 108 | is it according to sin or punishment, ~because in that case the 75 1, 108 | demons to do anything for the punishment of the evil; or for the ~ 76 1, 112 | to suffer some defect of punishment or of ~fault. In like manner 77 1, 113 | sometimes their assault is a punishment to man: and thus they are ~ 78 1, 113 | related in 3 Kgs. 22:20. For punishment is referred to God ~as its 79 1, 113 | OBJ 2: Further, to inflict punishment on one who has been worsted 80 1, 117 | souls were embodies in ~punishment of sin. Since, therefore, 81 2, 5 | withdrawal of Happiness is a punishment, it cannot be enforced ~ 82 2, 7 | are deserving of reward or punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[7] A[3] 83 2, 17 | Dei xiv, 17,20) it is in ~punishment of sin that the movement 84 2, 18 | reward, the other, blame and punishment. But as ~compared to the 85 2, 20 | involuntary deserves neither punishment nor reward in the accomplishment ~ 86 2, 20 | does it lessen reward or punishment, if ~a man through simple 87 2, 20 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, punishment is not increased, unless 88 2, 20 | the stripes be." But the punishment is ~increased on account 89 2, 21 | But this is false: since ~punishment is not a sin, although it 90 2, 21 | action. On the other hand, punishment regards the ~person of the 91 2, 21 | Further, no one deserves punishment or reward for doing as he ~ 92 2, 21 | Therefore a man does ~not merit punishment or reward, through putting 93 2, 39 | Guilt is a greater evil than punishment, as was stated ~in the FP, 94 2, 39 | sorrow or pain belongs to the punishment of ~sin, just as the enjoyment 95 2, 39 | evil, i.e. sin, and the ~punishment of sin." Therefore sorrow 96 2, 42 | inasmuch as He can ~inflict punishment, spiritual or corporal. 97 2, 42 | Separation from God is a punishment resulting from sin: and ~ 98 2, 42 | resulting from sin: and ~every punishment is, in some way, due to 99 2, 46 | a comparison between the punishment to be inflicted ~and the 100 2, 46 | by the infliction of a punishment: and the nature of punishment 101 2, 46 | punishment: and the nature of punishment consists ~in being contrary 102 2, 67 | in the lost, ~the fear of punishment. Therefore, in a like manner, 103 2, 67 | Servile fear regards punishment, and will ~be impossible 104 2, 67 | lost there can be fear of punishment, rather than hope of ~glory 105 2, 69 | do not undergo temporal ~punishment in this life, yet they suffer 106 2, 69 | yet they suffer spiritual punishment. Hence ~Augustine says ( 107 2, 69 | disordered mind should be its own punishment." The ~Philosopher, too, 108 2, 72 | relation to the debt of punishment?~(6) Whether they differ 109 2, 72 | according to their debt of punishment ~diversifies their species?~ 110 2, 72 | according to their debt ~of punishment diversifies their species; 111 2, 72 | infinitely apart, since temporal punishment is ~due to venial sin, and 112 2, 72 | venial sin, and eternal punishment to mortal sin; and the measure ~ 113 2, 72 | and the measure ~of the punishment corresponds to the gravity 114 2, 72 | sin stand in relation to punishment. But the reward is the end 115 2, 72 | virtuous act. Therefore punishment is the end of sin. Now sins 116 2, 72 | according to the debt of ~punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[72] A[ 117 2, 72 | specific differences. But punishment follows sin as the ~effect 118 2, 72 | according to ~the debt of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[72] A[ 119 2, 72 | is respect of the debt of punishment, cannot be a ~difference 120 2, 72 | Now it is evident that punishment is ~outside the intention 121 2, 72 | derived from the debt of punishment, may be consequent to ~the 122 2, 72 | and to ~deserve eternal punishment: whereas when a man sins 123 2, 72 | virtually; whereas the punishment is not intended by the sinner, 124 2, 73 | he incurs the debt of ~punishment through his contempt of 125 2, 73 | that he despises a ~greater punishment, that he may satisfy his 126 2, 75 | sin, because the evil of punishment is a sequel to sin, ~and 127 2, 75 | nature of evil, whether of punishment or of guilt, before it is 128 2, 76 | grace is not a sin, but a punishment resulting from sin. ~Therefore 129 2, 76 | Nothing but sin deserves punishment. But ignorance ~deserves 130 2, 76 | But ignorance ~deserves punishment, according to 1 Cor. 14: 131 2, 76 | Ethic. iii, 5) that the ~"punishment is doubled for a drunken 132 2, 76 | drunken man deserves a "double punishment" for the two ~sins which 133 2, 78 | reason deserves heavier punishment, according to Job 34:26: " 134 2, 78 | revolted from Him." Now punishment is not increased except 135 2, 79 | should cause the evil of punishment; since of this ~evil it 136 2, 79 | 4 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 4: Punishment is opposed to the good of 137 2, 79 | comparison between fault and ~punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[79] A[ 138 2, 79 | as sin ~is the cause of punishment: and in this way too, the 139 2, 79 | of the martyrs, and the ~punishment of the lost to the glory 140 2, 79 | may ensue; but ~evil of punishment must be inflicted for the 141 2, 81 | binding its ~subject to punishment; for, as the Philosopher 142 2, 81 | their descendants. For ~punishment is never due unless for 143 2, 81 | inflicted with spiritual punishment on ~account of their parents, 144 2, 81 | children receive bodily punishment on their parents' ~account, 145 2, 81 | men. Because death is a ~punishment consequent upon original 146 2, 81 | less in them, and that the punishment of death will be ~remitted 147 2, 81 | He can also forgive the punishment due for actual ~sins.~Aquin.: 148 2, 83 | character, not of guilt but ~of punishment: so that, therefore, the 149 2, 83 | but is still liable to punishment, by reason ~of which sin 150 2, 83 | subject, not of guilt, but of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[83] A[ 151 2, 84 | those which receive capital ~punishment. But every kind of sin comprises 152 2, 84 | a sin for which capital punishment is ~inflicted. It is not 153 2, 84 | sin as so called from the ~punishment it deserves, in which sense 154 2, 85 | the soul; (3) the debt of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[85] Out. 155 2, 85 | justice has the character of punishment, ~even as the withdrawal 156 2, 85 | cannot be called either a punishment ~or an evil: since what 157 2, 85 | such like defects are the punishment of original sin, as stated 158 2, 85 | and ~that death is the punishment of sin.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 159 2, 87 | Para. 1/2 - OF THE DEBT OF PUNISHMENT (EIGHT ARTICLES)~We must 160 2, 87 | now consider the debt of punishment. We shall consider (1) the ~ 161 2, 87 | differ in respect of the ~punishment due to them.~Aquin.: SMT 162 2, 87 | 1) Whether the debt of punishment is an effect of sin?~(2) 163 2, 87 | Whether one sin can be the punishment of another?~(3) Whether 164 2, 87 | incurs a debt of eternal punishment?~(4) Whether sin incurs 165 2, 87 | Whether sin incurs a debt of punishment that is infinite in quantity?~( 166 2, 87 | of eternal and infinite punishment?~(6) Whether the debt of 167 2, 87 | 6) Whether the debt of punishment can remain after sin?~(7) 168 2, 87 | after sin?~(7) Whether every punishment is inflicted for a sin?~( 169 2, 87 | Whether one person can incur punishment for another's sin?~Aquin.: 170 2, 87 | 1/1~Whether the debt of punishment is an effect of sin?~Aquin.: 171 2, 87 | would seem that the debt of punishment is not an effect of ~sin. 172 2, 87 | effect. Now the debt of punishment is accidentally related ~ 173 2, 87 | Therefore the debt ~of punishment is not an effect of sin.~ 174 2, 87 | not the cause of good. But punishment is good, ~since it is just, 175 2, 87 | inordinate ~affection is its own punishment." But punishment does not 176 2, 87 | its own punishment." But punishment does not incur a further ~ 177 2, 87 | incur a further ~debt of punishment, because then it would go 178 2, 87 | does not incur the debt of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 179 2, 87 | Therefore sin incurs a punishment which is signified by the 180 2, 87 | order, which ~repression is punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 181 2, 87 | punished with a threefold punishment ~corresponding to the three 182 2, 87 | Wherefore he incurs a threefold punishment; one, inflicted by ~himself, 183 2, 87 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Punishment follows sin, inasmuch as 184 2, 87 | so also is the debt of ~punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 185 2, 87 | Reply OBJ 2: Further, a just punishment may be inflicted either 186 2, 87 | or by man: wherefore the punishment itself is the effect of 187 2, 87 | makes man deserving of ~punishment, and that is an evil: for 188 2, 87 | says (Div. Nom. iv) that ~"punishment is not an evil, but to deserve 189 2, 87 | an evil, but to deserve punishment is." Consequently ~the debt 190 2, 87 | Consequently ~the debt of punishment is considered to be directly 191 2, 87 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: This punishment of the "inordinate affection" 192 2, 87 | Nevertheless sin incurs a further ~punishment, through disturbing the 193 2, 87 | Whether sin can be the punishment of sin?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 194 2, 87 | seem that sin cannot be the punishment of sin. For the ~purpose 195 2, 87 | sin. For the ~purpose of punishment is to bring man back to 196 2, 87 | Therefore ~sin is not the punishment of sin.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 197 2, 87 | Therefore ~sin cannot be the punishment of sin.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 198 2, 87 | Further, the nature of punishment is to be something against 199 2, 87 | Therefore sin cannot be the punishment of sin.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 200 2, 87 | such ~can nowise be the punishment of another. Because sin 201 2, 87 | character of guilt. Whereas punishment is essentially ~something 202 2, 87 | essence can nowise be ~the punishment of sin.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 203 2, 87 | other hand, sin can be the punishment of sin accidentally in ~ 204 2, 87 | withdrawal of grace is a ~punishment, and is from God, as stated 205 2, 87 | ensues from this is also a punishment accidentally. It ~is in 206 2, 87 | is always ~said to be the punishment of a preceding sin. Secondly, 207 2, 87 | one sin is said to be a punishment by reason of its effect. 208 2, 87 | last two ways, a sin is a punishment not only in respect of a 209 2, 87 | it is evident that the ~punishment is intended for the sinner' 210 2, 87 | incurs a debt of eternal punishment?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 211 2, 87 | incurs a debt of eternal punishment. ~For a just punishment 212 2, 87 | punishment. ~For a just punishment is equal to the fault, since 213 2, 87 | incur a debt of eternal punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 214 2, 87 | Polit. i, 6). Therefore no punishment should be infinite.~Aquin.: 215 2, 87 | will not inflict eternal ~punishment on man.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 216 2, 87 | accidental is infinite. But punishment is ~accidental, for it is 217 2, 87 | shall go into ~everlasting punishment"; and (Mk. 3:29): "He that 218 2, 87 | sin incurs a debt of punishment ~through disturbing an order. 219 2, 87 | order remains the ~debt of punishment must needs remain also. 220 2, 87 | incur a debt of eternal punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 221 2, 87 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Punishment is proportionate to sin 222 2, 87 | 11) is it requisite for punishment to ~equal fault in point 223 2, 87 | not call for a momentary punishment: in fact ~they are punished 224 2, 87 | the living, so that this punishment, in ~its own way, represents 225 2, 87 | represents the eternity of punishment inflicted by God. Now ~according 226 2, 87 | 1~Reply OBJ 2: Even the punishment that is inflicted according 227 2, 87 | crime through fear of the punishment, according to Prov. ~19: 228 2, 87 | 1~Reply OBJ 4: Although punishment is related indirectly to 229 2, 87 | disturbance lasts, the ~punishment endures.~Aquin.: SMT FS 230 2, 87 | Whether sin incurs a debt of punishment infinite in quantity?~Aquin.: 231 2, 87 | that sin incurs a debt of punishment infinite in ~quantity. For 232 2, 87 | to nothing is an infinite punishment, even as ~to make a thing 233 2, 87 | vengeance, sin is awarded a punishment infinite in ~quantity.~Aquin.: 234 2, 87 | 2: Further, quantity of punishment corresponds to quantity 235 2, 87 | infinite. Therefore an infinite punishment is due for a sin committed ~ 236 2, 87 | and in ~quantity. Now the punishment is infinite in duration. 237 2, 87 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Punishment is proportionate to sin. 238 2, 87 | something, its corresponding punishment is the "pain of loss," which 239 2, 87 | something, its corresponding ~punishment is the "pain of sense," 240 2, 87 | with the perpetuity of punishment that Divine justice requires, 241 2, 87 | Reply OBJ 3: Duration of punishment corresponds to duration 242 2, 87 | this remains, the debt of punishment remains. But punishment ~ 243 2, 87 | punishment remains. But punishment ~corresponds to fault in 244 2, 87 | it ~incurs an everlasting punishment. But it is not infinite 245 2, 87 | respect, it does not incur ~punishment of infinite quantity.~Aquin.: 246 2, 87 | incurs a debt of eternal punishment?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 247 2, 87 | incurs a debt of eternal punishment. ~Because punishment, as 248 2, 87 | eternal punishment. ~Because punishment, as stated above (A[4]), 249 2, 87 | the ~fault. Now eternal punishment differs infinitely from 250 2, 87 | infinitely from temporal ~punishment: whereas no sin, apparently, 251 2, 87 | incur a debt of everlasting punishment, as stated above (A[4]), ~ 252 2, 87 | a debt of mere temporal punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 253 2, 87 | xciii) that "the lightest punishment is ~incurred by those who 254 2, 87 | sin incurs everlasting punishment, since children who have 255 2, 87 | does not deserve greater punishment through being ~united to 256 2, 87 | justice has allotted its punishment to ~each sin. Now a venial 257 2, 87 | venial sin deserves eternal punishment if it be united to ~a mortal 258 2, 87 | itself deserves eternal punishment. ~Therefore temporal punishment 259 2, 87 | punishment. ~Therefore temporal punishment is not due for any sin.~ 260 2, 87 | incurs a debt of eternal ~punishment, in so far as it causes 261 2, 87 | everlasting, but ~only temporal punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 262 2, 87 | Original sin incurs everlasting punishment, not on account ~of its 263 2, 87 | sin. Because ~eternity of punishment does not correspond to the 264 2, 87 | 1/1~Whether the debt of punishment remains after sin?~Aquin.: 265 2, 87 | there remains no debt of punishment after sin. ~For if the cause 266 2, 87 | the cause ~of the debt of punishment. Therefore, when the sin 267 2, 87 | is removed, the debt ~of punishment ceases also.~Aquin.: SMT 268 2, 87 | virtuous man deserves, not punishment, but reward. Therefore, 269 2, 87 | is ~removed, the debt of punishment no longer remains.~Aquin.: 270 2, 87 | sin is removed the debt of punishment does not remain.~Aquin.: 271 2, 87 | forgiven: and so the debt of ~punishment remains, when the sin has 272 2, 87 | makes ~man deserving of punishment, in so far as he transgresses 273 2, 87 | still remains the debt of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 274 2, 87 | he take upon himself the punishment of his past sin, or bear ~ 275 2, 87 | or bear ~patiently the punishment which God inflicts on him; 276 2, 87 | on him; and in both ways ~punishment avails for satisfaction. 277 2, 87 | for satisfaction. Now when punishment is satisfactory, ~it loses 278 2, 87 | somewhat of the nature of punishment: for the nature of ~punishment 279 2, 87 | punishment: for the nature of ~punishment is to be against the will; 280 2, 87 | and although satisfactory ~punishment, absolutely speaking, is 281 2, 87 | there may remain a debt of punishment, not indeed ~of punishment 282 2, 87 | punishment, not indeed ~of punishment simply, but of satisfactory 283 2, 87 | simply, but of satisfactory punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[87] A[ 284 2, 87 | A[2]), so the debt of punishment also can remain. ~But when 285 2, 87 | been removed, the debt of punishment does not ~remain in the 286 2, 87 | virtuous man does not deserve punishment simply, but he ~may deserve 287 2, 87 | as ~regards the will. But punishment is still requisite in order 288 2, 87 | which caused it. Moreover punishment is requisite in ~order to 289 2, 87 | many be edified ~by the punishment, as may be seen in the example 290 2, 87 | Para. 1/1~Whether every punishment is inflicted for a sin?~ 291 2, 87 | would seem that not every punishment is inflicted for a sin. ~ 292 2, 87 | things. Therefore ~not every punishment is inflicted for a sin.~ 293 2, 87 | himself?" Therefore not every punishment ~is inflicted for a sin.~ 294 2, 87 | suffered for us." Therefore punishment is not always inflicted ~ 295 2, 87 | writes (Retract. i) that "all punishment is just, and is ~inflicted 296 2, 87 | As already stated (A[6]), punishment can be considered in ~two 297 2, 87 | satisfactory. A satisfactory punishment ~is, in a way, voluntary. 298 2, 87 | differ as to the debt of ~punishment, may be one in will by the 299 2, 87 | sinned, bears willingly the punishment for another: thus even ~ 300 2, 87 | If, however, we speak of punishment simply, in respect of its 301 2, 87 | consequently - principally, ~the punishment of original sin is that 302 2, 87 | is not so simply. Because punishment is a species of evil, as 303 2, 87 | not answer to the name ~of punishment simply, but of medicinal 304 2, 87 | simply, but of medicinal punishment, because a medical man ~ 305 2, 87 | nature which is itself the ~punishment of original sin. For there 306 2, 87 | Christ bore a satisfactory punishment, not for His, but for ~our 307 2, 87 | speak of that satisfactory punishment, which one ~takes upon oneself 308 2, 87 | one may bear another's punishment, in so ~far as they are, 309 2, 87 | If, however, ~we speak of punishment inflicted on account of 310 2, 87 | personal. But if we speak of a punishment that is ~medicinal, in this 311 2, 87 | ill has the character of punishment in regard to both the one ~ 312 2, 87 | it has the character of punishment in regard to the one for 313 2, 87 | to the one for whom ~the punishment is borne, while, in regard 314 2, 87 | Moreover they ~deserve heavier punishment if, seeing the punishment 315 2, 87 | punishment if, seeing the punishment of their parents, ~they 316 2, 87 | others, both because the punishment of ~kindred redounds somewhat 317 2, 87 | to ~deserve more severe punishment.~ 318 2, 88 | respect of the ~debt of punishment, we must consider them. 319 2, 88 | veniam] when the debt of ~punishment is taken away, and this 320 2, 88 | temporal, ~but not everlasting punishment. It is of this venial sin 321 2, 88 | world cannot incur a debt of punishment equal to that ~of one mortal 322 2, 88 | regards the duration of the ~punishment, since mortal sin incurs 323 2, 88 | incurs a debt of eternal punishment, while ~venial sin incurs 324 2, 88 | incurs a debt of temporal punishment, as stated above (Q[87], ~ 325 2, 88 | God, to which no ~other punishment is comparable, as Chrysostom 326 2, 88 | mortal ~sin deserves eternal punishment, whereas venial sin deserves 327 2, 88 | venial sin deserves temporal ~punishment. Therefore a mortal sin 328 2, 89 | so that he ~will suffer punishment, but not everlasting. Now 329 2, 89 | Now the debt of temporal ~punishment belongs properly to venial 330 2, 89 | Every sin deserves some punishment. But nothing penal ~was 331 2, 91 | Old Law did by the fear of punishment: but the New ~Law, by love, 332 2, 92 | sometimes it is through fear of punishment, and ~sometimes from the 333 2, 92 | prohibition," "permission" and "punishment." ~For "every law is a general 334 2, 92 | OBJ 3: Further, just as punishment stirs a man to good deeds, 335 2, 92 | servile fear, i.e. fear of punishment, it is not done well," as ~ 336 2, 92 | Epist. Pelag. ii). Therefore punishment is ~not a proper effect 337 2, 92 | indifferent. And it is the fear of punishment that law makes use of in ~ 338 2, 92 | obedience: in which respect punishment is an effect of ~law.~Aquin.: 339 2, 92 | is ~good, through fear of punishment, one is sometimes led on 340 2, 93 | man, in so far as it ~is a punishment resulting from Divine justice; 341 2, 93 | deeds, ~through fear of punishment threatened by the law, and 342 2, 93 | since it deserves to suffer punishment according to the law of 343 2, 95 | and that the dread of ~punishment might prevent the wicked 344 2, 95 | compels through fear of punishment, is the ~discipline of laws. 345 2, 98 | viz. ~the prohibition and punishment of sin, does not suffice 346 2, 99 | of righteousness and the punishment of guilt ~cannot be that 347 2, 100 | Therefore a threat of punishment should have been included 348 2, 100 | 9. Wherefore a threat of punishment is only ~affixed to those 349 2, 100 | it is Who inflicts ~the punishment of death on all men, both 350 2, 100 | compels through fear of punishment, as stated in Ethic. x, 351 2, 102 | corruption of guilt and punishment ~comes to us through our 352 2, 102 | beasts, because it bore the punishment of the people's ~sins. And 353 2, 105 | of kings, was ~rather a punishment inflicted on that people 354 2, 105 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 9: Further, punishment should be fixed according 355 2, 105 | recognize eight forms of punishment, indemnity, prison, ~stripes, 356 2, 105 | 1/1~OBJ 11: Further, no punishment is due except for a fault. 357 2, 105 | man and another, and the punishment of ~evildoers, depend on 358 2, 105 | 3~Reply OBJ 9: A severe punishment is inflicted not only on 359 2, 105 | equal, ~deserves a greater punishment. Secondly, on account of 360 2, 105 | altogether excused from punishment; for it is written ~(Dt. 361 2, 105 | is diminished: and the ~punishment, according to true judgment, 362 2, 105 | that, in appointing the punishment for theft, ~the Law considered 363 2, 105 | other things it inflicted punishment ~by indemnification: while 364 2, 105 | mutilation it ~authorized punishment by retaliation; and likewise 365 2, 105 | degree it prescribed the ~punishment of stripes or of public 366 2, 105 | 2] R.O. 10 Para. 2/3~The punishment of slavery was prescribed 367 2, 105 | 2] R.O. 10 Para. 3/3~The punishment of absolute exile was not 368 2, 105 | fault of theirs; but as a punishment to their owners, who had 369 2, 105 | shall not be subject to the punishment, because it is his ~money."~ 370 2, 105 | ancients of the city for punishment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[105] A[ 371 2, 105 | as to the infliction of punishment, for it ordered those who 372 2, 105 | reason: wherefore it ~ordered punishment to be inflicted on the man 373 2, 105 | while ~for slaying, the punishment was that of a murderer, 374 2, 106 | New Law ~deserves greater punishment, according to Heb. 10:28, 375 2, 106 | Testament, he deserves greater punishment, as being ~ungrateful for 376 2, 107 | instance, by the threat of ~punishment, or the promise of some 377 2, 107 | account ~of some extrinsic punishment or reward. Hence the New 378 2, 107 | virtuous action ~by the fear of punishment and by temporal promises.~ 379 2, 107 | of ~justice, and not as a punishment out of revengeful spite, 380 2, 107 | without, however, any ~punishment being attached to the prohibition. 381 2, 108 | of divorcing of wife, of ~punishment by retaliation, and of persecuting 382 2, 108 | the precept concerning ~punishment by retaliation: whereas 383 2, 109 | natural good, and debt of punishment. He incurs a ~stain, inasmuch 384 2, 109 | Lastly, there is the debt of punishment, inasmuch as ~by sinning 385 2, 109 | too, the guilt of eternal punishment can be remitted by ~God 386 2, 113 | ungodly, who are worthy of ~punishment, more than the gift of glory 387 2, 114 | Temporal evils are imposed as a punishment on the wicked, ~inasmuch 388 2, 2 | is justly withheld, as a punishment of a previous, or at ~least 389 2, 5 | in man, ~because it is a punishment of sin. Therefore there 390 2, 5 | was no darkness of sin or punishment in the original ~state of 391 2, 10 | character, not of ~sin, but of punishment, because such like ignorance 392 2, 10 | sin deserves the greater punishment, ~according to Dt. 25:2: " 393 2, 10 | stripes be." Now a greater punishment is due to ~believers than 394 2, 10 | to bear the ~character of punishment. Hence, speaking absolutely, 395 2, 10 | in two ways: first, as a punishment of the person with whom ~ 396 2, 10 | reason ~on the part of the punishment inflicted by the sentence 397 2, 10 | faithful to some temporal ~punishment. On the other hand, in this 398 2, 10 | in this way, i.e. as a punishment, the ~Church forbids the 399 2, 10 | of inflicting spiritual punishment on them: but she does ~exercise 400 2, 10 | in the matter of temporal punishment. ~It is under this head 401 2, 10 | of sin and the debt of ~punishment, and opens the gate of heaven. 402 2, 11 | if they ~escaped without punishment, others would feel more 403 2, 12 | however, pass sentence of punishment on the unbelief ~of those 404 2, 12 | him die." Now the death punishment is not ~inflicted except 405 2, 12 | takes precedence, as to punishment, among sins ~committed against 406 2, 12 | account of the fear of ~future punishment. But the damned are undergoing 407 2, 12 | blasphemy through ~fear of punishment which they think they can 408 2, 12 | demeritorious, but is part of the punishment of damnation.~Aquin.: SMT 409 2, 13 | ways. First, as regards the punishment, since he that sins through ~ 410 2, 13 | weakness, deserves less punishment, whereas he that sins ~through 411 2, 13 | excuse in alleviation of his ~punishment. Likewise those who blasphemed 412 2, 13 | hence, they ~deserved less punishment; whereas those who blasphemed 413 2, 13 | excuse in diminution of their punishment. Wherefore, according to ~ 414 2, 13 | both inflicted ~temporal punishment on them, since "there were 415 2, 13 | and threatened them with ~punishment in the life to come, saying, ( 416 2, 14 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, punishment differs from guilt. But 417 2, 14 | blindness of mind is ~a punishment as appears from Is. 6:10, " 418 2, 14 | from God, were it not a ~punishment. Therefore blindness of 419 2, 14 | privation is blindness, and is a punishment, ~in so far as the privation 420 2, 14 | the light of grace is a punishment. Hence ~it is written concerning 421 2, 14 | of blindness which ~is a punishment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[15] A[ 422 2, 17 | so is it a condition of punishment, that what ~is inflicted 423 2, 17 | that what ~is inflicted in punishment, should go against the will. 424 2, 17 | necessary ~condition of the punishment of the damned, it would 425 2, 18 | there comes the evil of punishment, but this is evil not ~absolutely 426 2, 18 | other ~hand the evil of punishment is indeed an evil, in so 427 2, 18 | forsake God: while the evil of punishment is from ~God as its author, 428 2, 18 | even as servile fear fears punishment, so do initial and ~worldly 429 2, 18 | is twofold, viz. evil of punishment, and evil of fault.~Aquin.: 430 2, 18 | to Him, through fear of ~punishment, it will be servile fear; 431 2, 18 | These three fears regard punishment but in different ways. ~ 432 2, 18 | or human fear regards a punishment which turns man away from ~ 433 2, 18 | and initial fear regard a punishment whereby men are drawn to ~ 434 2, 18 | Servile fear regards ~this punishment chiefly, while initial fear 435 2, 18 | the secular power inflicts punishment in order to ~withdraw men 436 2, 18 | worse than to suffer any ~punishment whatever.~Aquin.: SMT SS 437 2, 18 | When a man dreads the ~punishment which confronts him for 438 2, 18 | object of servile fear is punishment, and it is by accident that, 439 2, 18 | either ~the good to which the punishment is contrary, is loved as 440 2, 18 | and that consequently the punishment is feared as the greatest 441 2, 18 | of charity, or that the ~punishment is directed to God as its 442 2, 18 | and ~fears nothing but the punishment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[19] A[ 443 2, 18 | implies merely fear of punishment, whether or not this be 444 2, 18 | Para. 2/2~Now the evil of punishment, from which servile fear 445 2, 18 | cause of the infliction of ~punishment, whereas filial fear looks 446 2, 18 | self-love, in so far as ~punishment diminishes one's own good. 447 2, 18 | because it is fear ~of punishment which is detrimental to 448 2, 18 | good. Hence the fear of ~punishment is consistent with charity, 449 2, 18 | 3/3~Accordingly fear of punishment is, in one way, included 450 2, 18 | separation from God is a punishment, which charity shuns ~exceedingly; 451 2, 18 | when a man shrinks from the punishment that is ~opposed to his 452 2, 18 | and in this way fear of punishment is ~not consistent with 453 2, 18 | In another way fear of punishment is indeed ~substantially 454 2, 18 | principal evil. Such ~fear of punishment is consistent with charity; 455 2, 18 | called ~servile, except when punishment is dreaded as a principal 456 2, 18 | from sin through fear of punishment, and is thus fashioned for ~ 457 2, 18 | Further, initial fear dreads punishment, which is the object of ~ 458 2, 18 | Initial fear does not dread punishment as its proper ~object, but 459 2, 18 | but also through fear of punishment, though this same ~act ceases 460 2, 18 | fear, whereby one fears punishment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[19] A[ 461 2, 18 | comes, although the fear of punishment remains as ~to its substance, 462 2, 18 | God, ~the less he fears punishment; first, because he thinks 463 2, 18 | his own ~good, to which punishment is opposed; secondly, because, 464 2, 18 | consequently the ~less fearful of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[19] A[ 465 2, 18 | speaks there of the fear of punishment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[19] A[ 466 2, 18 | Reply OBJ 2: It is fear of punishment that decreases when hope ~ 467 2, 18 | Servile fear, or fear of punishment, will by no means be ~in 468 2, 20 | fear, which looks at the punishment arising from God's ~justice, 469 2, 21 | except by the law inflicting ~punishment on those who dishonor their 470 2, 21 | induced thereto by the fear of punishment, which fear is servile.~ 471 2, 21 | command, of fear which regards punishment, and men ~were to be induced 472 2, 21 | thereto by the threat of punishment: and this was ~realized 473 2, 22 | another through fear of severe punishment; nor the ~miser's temperance, 474 2, 23 | by ~God, except by way of punishment, in so far as He withdraws 475 2, 23 | withdraws His grace in ~punishment of sin. Hence He does not 476 2, 23 | charity except by way of ~punishment: and this punishment is 477 2, 23 | of ~punishment: and this punishment is due on account of sin.~ 478 2, 24 | ministry of God for the ~punishment of evildoers, and love it 479 2, 24 | corruption of sin ~and its punishment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[25] A[ 480 2, 24 | sin and the corruption of punishment; we ought rather, by ~the 481 2, 24 | not referred to the man's punishment, but to the ~justice of 482 2, 24 | the sin, and not to the punishment ~itself, to the effect, 483 2, 28 | fault is an evil rather than punishment. Now fault provokes ~indignation 484 2, 28 | this ~respect it deserves punishment rather than mercy. Since, 485 2, 28 | fault ~may be, in a way, a punishment, through having something 486 2, 31 | the coercive nature of ~punishment: but the fraternal correction 487 2, 31 | accusation, to suffer the same punishment as the ~accused would have 488 2, 32 | such as the infliction of punishment, and the ~prohibition of 489 2, 32 | forbidding sin, and inflicting punishment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[34] A[ 490 2, 32 | the chief of which is ~punishment. But hatred of punishment 491 2, 32 | punishment. But hatred of punishment is not the most grievous 492 2, 32 | Not everyone who hates his punishment, hates God the author ~of 493 2, 34 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, punishment is condivided with fault. 494 2, 34 | But envy is a kind ~of punishment: for Gregory says (Moral. 495 2, 37 | schismatics;~(4) Of the punishment inflicted on them.~Aquin.: 496 2, 37 | sin meets with a graver punishment, according to Dt. 25:2: ~" 497 2, 37 | sometimes a more severe punishment is inflicted for an habitual 498 2, 37 | proneness to sin, a more severe punishment ought to be inflicted. As ~ 499 2, 37 | excommunication is not a fitting punishment for schismatics.~Aquin.: 500 2, 37 | OBJ 3: Further, a double punishment is not inflicted for one


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