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Alphabetical    [«  »]
favorably 2
favors 86
fawning 1
fear 1688
fear-inspiring 2
feared 107
fearest 3
Frequency    [«  »]
1712 passion
1711 however
1690 church
1688 fear
1678 whereby
1676 necessary
1669 taken
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

fear

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1500 | 1501-1688

     Part, Question
1 1, 21 | concupiscence, fortitude with fear and ~daring, meekness with 2 1, 39 | and to be avoided, for fear of giving ~occasion to error.~ 3 1, 59 | while anger, ~hope, and fear are in the irascible appetite. 4 1, 59 | fortitude regulates ~daring and fear, which reside in the irascible 5 1, 59 | of ~concupiscence, nor of fear and daring, to be regulated 6 1, 64 | sorrow is the cause of fear, for those things cause 7 1, 64 | for those things cause fear ~while they are future, 8 1, 64 | present. But ~there is no fear in the demons, according 9 1, 64 | 41:24, "Who was made to ~fear no one." Therefore there 10 1, 64 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Fear, sorrow, joy, and the like, 11 1, 64 | evil, so also ~there is fear of future evil. Now when 12 1, 64 | is said, "He was made to fear ~no one," this is to be 13 1, 64 | to be understood of the fear of God which restrains from ~ 14 1, 69 | written: "Will you not then fear Me, saith the Lord, who 15 1, 70 | heaven, which the heathens fear." Therefore the heavenly ~ 16 1, 77 | fact, without the body, ~as fear and such like; and some 17 1, 39 | and to be avoided, for fear of giving ~occasion to error.~ 18 1, 60 | while anger, ~hope, and fear are in the irascible appetite. 19 1, 60 | fortitude regulates ~daring and fear, which reside in the irascible 20 1, 60 | of ~concupiscence, nor of fear and daring, to be regulated 21 1, 65 | sorrow is the cause of fear, for those things cause 22 1, 65 | for those things cause fear ~while they are future, 23 1, 65 | present. But ~there is no fear in the demons, according 24 1, 65 | 41:24, "Who was made to ~fear no one." Therefore there 25 1, 65 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Fear, sorrow, joy, and the like, 26 1, 65 | evil, so also ~there is fear of future evil. Now when 27 1, 65 | is said, "He was made to fear ~no one," this is to be 28 1, 65 | to be understood of the fear of God which restrains from ~ 29 1, 70 | written: "Will you not then fear Me, saith the Lord, who 30 1, 71 | heaven, which the heathens fear." Therefore the heavenly ~ 31 1, 76 | fact, without the body, ~as fear and such like; and some 32 1, 78 | contradiction, whilst in fear of the other. While to " 33 1, 80 | considerations, anger or fear or the like may be modified 34 1, 94 | others to what is evil, as ~fear and sorrow. And since in 35 1, 94 | evil as its object; such as fear, sorrow, and ~the like; 36 1, 94 | temperance, and immoderate fear by fortitude. But in the ~ 37 1, 94 | with anger; fortitude with fear. But ~these passions did 38 1, 94 | by the passion; such as fear and sorrow. But passions 39 1, 94 | which relates not ~only to fear, but also to daring and 40 1, 94 | as ~moderating sorrow and fear.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[95] A[ 41 1, 101 | keeper when there is no fear of ~trespass with violence. 42 1, 101 | in paradise there was no fear of trespass ~with violence. 43 1, 113 | Eliseus said to his servant: "Fear not, ~for there are more 44 2, 2 | attendants, whom he inspires with fear indeed, but whom he fears 45 2, 5 | necessity be ~troubled with the fear of losing it, or with the 46 2, 6 | involuntariness?~(6) Whether fear causes involuntariness?~( 47 2, 6 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear causes involuntariness simply?~ 48 2, 6 | OBJ 1: It would seem that fear causes involuntariness simply. 49 2, 6 | the will at the time, so ~fear regards a future evil which 50 2, 6 | involuntariness simply. Therefore fear too causes involuntariness ~ 51 2, 6 | that which is done through fear, is ~involuntary in itself. 52 2, 6 | even with the addition of fear, it is ~involuntary.~Aquin.: 53 2, 6 | that which is done through fear, is absolutely involuntary; 54 2, 6 | that which is done through fear, is involuntary ~simply.~ 55 2, 6 | things as are done through fear ~are "voluntary rather than 56 2, 6 | things are ~done through fear "are of a mixed character," 57 2, 6 | that which is done through fear, considered in ~itself, 58 2, 6 | that which is done through fear, is in act ~in so far as 59 2, 6 | that which is done through fear is voluntary, inasmuch ~ 60 2, 6 | during the storm, ~through fear of the danger: wherefore 61 2, 6 | that what is done out of fear is essentially ~voluntary, 62 2, 6 | consider what is ~done through fear, as outside this particular 63 2, 6 | consequently what is done through fear is involuntary, considered 64 2, 6 | OBJ 1: Things done through fear and compulsion differ not 65 2, 6 | whereas what is done through fear, becomes voluntary, ~because 66 2, 6 | in what ~is done through fear, the will does something. 67 2, 6 | exclude things ~done through fear, a violent action is defined 68 2, 6 | will of him that ~is in fear, does concur somewhat in 69 2, 6 | that which he does through fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[6] A[6] 70 2, 6 | That which is done through fear, is voluntary without any ~ 71 2, 6 | that is to say, if such a fear ~were not threatening. Consequently, 72 2, 6 | involuntariness. For just ~as fear is a passion, so is concupiscence. 73 2, 6 | so is concupiscence. But fear causes ~involuntariness 74 2, 6 | as the timid man through fear acts counter to that ~which 75 2, 6 | through concupiscence. But ~fear causes involuntariness to 76 2, 6 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Fear regards evil, but concupiscence 77 2, 6 | with the will. ~Therefore fear has a greater tendency than 78 2, 6 | OBJ 2: He who acts from fear retains the repugnance of 79 2, 6 | that which is done out of fear is involuntary, to a certain ~ 80 2, 23 | faculty; such are daring, fear, hope and the like.~Aquin.: 81 2, 23 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Fear and daring are contrary 82 2, 23 | stated ~in Ethic. iii, 7. But fear and daring do not differ 83 2, 23 | belongs to the ~passion of "fear": but it also contains a 84 2, 23 | evil (as between hope ~and fear): and also contrariety according 85 2, 23 | term (as between daring and fear).~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[23] A[ 86 2, 23 | not yet present we have "fear" and "daring." But in ~respect 87 2, 23 | viz. hope and despair, fear and daring, and anger which 88 2, 24 | rightly placed . . . For they ~fear to sin, they desire to persevere; 89 2, 24 | specifically evil, as hatred, fear and ~sadness. But this is 90 2, 24 | of "shame" which is base fear; and of "envy" which is 91 2, 25 | passions: because it follows fear; since we become ~sad when 92 2, 25 | arduous good. In like manner ~fear adds to aversion or detestation 93 2, 25 | movement of approach. But fear and despair imply ~withdrawal 94 2, 25 | towards ~something. Therefore fear and despair precede hope 95 2, 25 | is evil, ~viz. daring and fear: yet so that hope precedes 96 2, 25 | it were. In like manner fear, through being a movement ~ 97 2, 25 | despair naturally precede ~fear and daring is evident from 98 2, 25 | despair are the reason for fear and ~daring: because daring 99 2, 25 | the hope of victory, and fear arises ~from the despair 100 2, 25 | hope ~and despair, third; fear and daring, fourth; anger, 101 2, 25 | hope precedes despair; fear precedes daring; and joy 102 2, 25 | joy, sadness, hope and ~fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[25] A[ 103 2, 25 | that joy, sadness, hope and fear are not the four ~principal 104 2, 25 | joy and sadness, ~hope and fear should in no way be called 105 2, 25 | daring is caused by hope, so fear is caused by ~despair. Either, 106 2, 25 | stated in Ethic. ii, 5. Fear and ~hope are principal 107 2, 25 | to aversion, and ends in fear. Hence it is customary ~ 108 2, 25 | regards future good, and fear, future evil.~Aquin.: SMT 109 2, 25 | provided that by hope and fear we understand the ~appetite' 110 2, 25 | and completion. And though fear and hope are not the last ~ 111 2, 26 | what is ~contrary to it, is fear; and feeling what is contrary 112 2, 26 | concupiscible power; indeed, fear, which ~is mentioned in 113 2, 26 | Love is spoken of as being fear, joy, desire and sadness, ~ 114 2, 29 | refrain from pleasure for fear of ~the whip, as Augustine 115 2, 30 | evil we apprehend makes us fear, the evil that is present ~ 116 2, 30 | contrary to joy, ~so is fear contrary to concupiscence. 117 2, 30 | contrary to concupiscence. But fear is not in the ~concupiscible, 118 2, 30 | to ~good. But since, like fear, it regards the absent evil; 119 2, 30 | it goes ~by the name of fear, just as hope is sometimes 120 2, 30 | evil is ~called hope or fear, which regard good and evil 121 2, 31 | ailments, as also sadness and fear in the soul; yet some passions 122 2, 35 | eating and the like, from fear of the pain occasioned by 123 2, 35 | the greatest pleasures by fear of pain," which pain is ~ 124 2, 36 | dreaded ~evil gives rise to fear, the present evil is the 125 2, 37 | understand learning" [Vulg: 'the fear ~of the Lord']. Consequently 126 2, 37 | simply harmful: such are fear and despair, and above all 127 2, 37 | one of life. Nevertheless fear and anger ~cause very great 128 2, 40 | Hope and despair; (2) ~Fear and daring; (3) Anger. Under 129 2, 40 | respect, hope differs from fear, which regards evil. Secondly, 130 2, 40 | contrary" (Metaph. x, 5). But fear is contrary to ~hope. Therefore 131 2, 40 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Fear is contrary to hope, because 132 2, 40 | seems to be contrary to fear ~rather than to belong to 133 2, 41 | 41] Out. Para. 1/1 - OF FEAR, IN ITSELF (FOUR ARTICLES)~ 134 2, 41 | consider, in the first place, fear; and, secondly, daring. ~ 135 2, 41 | daring. ~With regard to fear, four things must be considered: ( 136 2, 41 | must be considered: (1) Fear, in itself; ~(2) Its object; ( 137 2, 41 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether fear is a passion of the soul?~( 138 2, 41 | of the soul?~(2) Whether fear is a special passion?~(3) 139 2, 41 | Whether there is a natural fear?~(4) Of the species of fear.~ 140 2, 41 | fear?~(4) Of the species of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 141 2, 41 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear is a passion of the soul? ~ 142 2, 41 | OBJ 1: It would seem that fear is not a passion of the 143 2, 41 | Fide Orth. iii, 23) that "fear is a power, by way of ~{ 144 2, 41 | Ethic. ii, 5. Therefore fear is ~not a passion.~Aquin.: 145 2, 41 | presence of an ~agent. But fear is not of something present, 146 2, 41 | Orth. ii, 12). Therefore fear is not a ~passion.~Aquin.: 147 2, 41 | the present. Since, then, fear is of ~future evil, it seems 148 2, 41 | Dei xiv, 5, seqq.) reckons fear ~among the other passions 149 2, 41 | the soul, after sorrow, fear ~chiefly has the character 150 2, 41 | Now it is evident that fear, since it regards evil, ~ 151 2, 41 | the present evil: because fear ~regards future evil, which 152 2, 41 | for a future good, or to fear a future evil.~Aquin.: SMT 153 2, 41 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear is a special passion?~Aquin.: 154 2, 41 | OBJ 1: It would seem that fear is not a special passion. 155 2, 41 | who is not distraught by fear, is ~neither harassed by 156 2, 41 | Wherefore it seems that, if ~fear be set aside, all the other 157 2, 41 | passions are removed. Therefore fear is ~not a special but a 158 2, 41 | special in the appetite. But fear is nothing but a kind of ~ 159 2, 41 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, if fear were a special passion, 160 2, 41 | the irascible part. But fear is also in the concupiscible: 161 2, 41 | says (Rhet. ii, 5) that "fear is a kind of sorrow"; and ~ 162 2, 41 | Fide Orth. iii, 23) that fear is "a power of desire": ~ 163 2, 41 | Q[23], A[4]). Therefore fear is not a special passion, 164 2, 41 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Fear is condivided with the other 165 2, 41 | has a special object. Now ~fear has a special object, as 166 2, 41 | obtain; so the object of fear is ~a future evil, difficult 167 2, 41 | irresistible. Consequently fear is a special ~passion of 168 2, 41 | of this ~connection, when fear is put aside, the other 169 2, 41 | avoidance in the appetite is fear, but avoidance ~of a special 170 2, 41 | be something ~common, yet fear is a special passion.~Aquin.: 171 2, 41 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Fear is nowise in the concupiscible: 172 2, 41 | concupiscible is ascribed to ~fear. For fear is called sorrow, 173 2, 41 | is ascribed to ~fear. For fear is called sorrow, in so 174 2, 41 | so far as the object of fear causes ~sorrow when present: 175 2, 41 | says (Rhet. ii, 5) that ~fear arises "from the representation 176 2, 41 | ascribed by Damascene to ~fear, because just as hope arises 177 2, 41 | from the desire of good, so fear arises ~from avoidance of 178 2, 41 | Whether there is a natural fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 179 2, 41 | that there is a natural fear. For Damascene says ~(De 180 2, 41 | that "there is a natural fear, through the soul ~refusing 181 2, 41 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, fear arises from love, as stated 182 2, 41 | there is also a natural fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 183 2, 41 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, fear is opposed to hope, as stated 184 2, 41 | Therefore there is also a fear of nature.~Aquin.: SMT FS 185 2, 41 | animate and ~inanimate. But fear is not in things inanimate. 186 2, 41 | Therefore there is no ~natural fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 187 2, 41 | that there is a natural fear; and it is ~distinguished 188 2, 41 | distinguished from non-natural fear, by reason of the diversity 189 2, 41 | Rhet. ii, 5), there is a fear of ~"corruptive evil," which 190 2, 41 | desire to exist; and such fear is said to be natural. Again, 191 2, 41 | natural. Again, there is a ~fear of "painful evil," which 192 2, 41 | of the appetite; and such fear is not natural. In this 193 2, 41 | of some ~difficulty; and fear shrinks from repelling a 194 2, 41 | 1~Whether the species of fear is suitably assigned?~Aquin.: 195 2, 41 | seem that six species of fear are unsuitably assigned 196 2, 41 | Philosopher says ~(Rhet. ii, 5), "fear regards a saddening evil." 197 2, 41 | Therefore the species of ~fear should correspond to the 198 2, 41 | only be four species of fear corresponding to them.~Aquin.: 199 2, 41 | own is in our ~power. But fear regards an evil that surpasses 200 2, 41 | be reckoned as species of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 201 2, 41 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, fear is of the future, as stated 202 2, 41 | shame is not a species of ~fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 203 2, 41 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, fear is only of evil. But amazement 204 2, 41 | stupor are not species of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 205 2, 41 | beginning of Metaphysics. But fear leads to ~flight rather 206 2, 41 | amazement is not a species of ~fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 207 2, 41 | As stated above (A[2]), fear regards a future evil which ~ 208 2, 41 | he has a twofold evil to fear. First, ~there is the toil 209 2, 41 | man shrinks from work for fear of too much toil. Secondly, ~ 210 2, 41 | misfortunes are feared, and fear of this kind is called " 211 2, 41 | correspond with these species of fear, which are derived ~from 212 2, 41 | division of the object of fear itself.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 213 2, 41 | are reckoned as species of fear. ~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 214 2, 41 | deed may be the occasion of fear of future ~reproach or disgrace: 215 2, 41 | sense shame is a species of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[41] A[ 216 2, 41 | and stupor are species of fear, but ~that amazement which 217 2, 42 | 1/1 - OF THE OBJECT OF FEAR (SIX ARTICLES)~We must now 218 2, 42 | now consider the object of fear: under which head there 219 2, 42 | or evil is the object of fear?~(2) Whether evil of nature 220 2, 42 | nature is the object of fear?~(3) Whether the evil of 221 2, 42 | evil of sin is an object of fear?~(4) Whether fear itself 222 2, 42 | object of fear?~(4) Whether fear itself can be feared?~(5) 223 2, 42 | 1~Whether the object of fear is good or evil?~Aquin.: 224 2, 42 | that good is the object of fear. For Augustine says ~(QQ. 225 2, 42 | QQ. 83, qu. 83) that "we fear nothing save to lose what 226 2, 42 | love ~is good. Therefore fear regards good as its proper 227 2, 42 | Therefore good is the object of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 228 2, 42 | But we are commanded to ~fear God, according to Ps. 33: 229 2, 42 | according to Ps. 33:10: "Fear the Lord, all ye saints." ~ 230 2, 42 | the good is an object of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 231 2, 42 | Fide Orth. ii, 12) that fear is of ~future evil.~Aquin.: 232 2, 42 | Para. 1/5~I answer that, Fear is a movement of the appetitive 233 2, 42 | object. Wherefore, since fear implies an avoidance, ~in 234 2, 42 | that there ~is no cause for fear, save loss of the good we 235 2, 42 | desired good; so also does fear regard two things, namely, ~ 236 2, 42 | corporal. In this way, too, we fear the ~power of man; especially 237 2, 42 | of nature is an object of fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 238 2, 42 | nature is not an object of fear. For ~the Philosopher says ( 239 2, 42 | says (Rhet. ii, 5) that "fear makes us take counsel." 240 2, 42 | nature is not an object of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 241 2, 42 | evils were an object of fear, man ~would needs be always 242 2, 42 | would needs be always in fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 243 2, 42 | such like evils ~through fear thereof, this is not an 244 2, 42 | nature. Therefore natural ~fear is not of the evil of nature; 245 2, 42 | Philosopher says (Rhet. ii, 5), fear is caused by ~the "imagination 246 2, 42 | nature can be the object of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 247 2, 42 | certain extent not. For since fear arises "from ~the imagination 248 2, 42 | the future evil, removes fear also. ~Now it may happen 249 2, 42 | Hence we either ~do not fear it, or fear it but little; 250 2, 42 | either ~do not fear it, or fear it but little; for, as the 251 2, 42 | Rhet. ii, 5), "we do not fear things that are very far 252 2, 42 | like evils, when present; fear when ~threatening in the 253 2, 42 | evil of sin is an object of fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 254 2, 42 | sin can be an object of fear. For ~Augustine says on 255 2, 42 | Tract. ix), that "by ~chaste fear man fears to be severed 256 2, 42 | sin can be an object of ~fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 257 2, 42 | Tusc. iv, 4,6) that "we fear when ~they are yet to come, 258 2, 42 | Therefore one can also fear the evil of sin.~Aquin.: 259 2, 42 | Further, hope is contrary to fear. But the good of virtue 260 2, 42 | another mind." Therefore fear can regard evil of sin.~ 261 2, 42 | Further, shame is a kind of fear, as stated above (Q[41], 262 2, 42 | evil of sin. Therefore ~fear does so likewise.~Aquin.: 263 2, 42 | obtain, so the object ~of fear is a future evil, arduous 264 2, 42 | will, is ~not an object of fear; and that nothing gives 265 2, 42 | that nothing gives rise to fear save what is ~due to an 266 2, 42 | speaking, is not an object ~of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 267 2, 42 | that respect a man ~may fear the evil of sin, in so far 268 2, 42 | it is not an object ~of fear to him.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 269 2, 42 | Reply OBJ 2: Sorrow and fear agree in one point, since 270 2, 42 | about ~present evil, whereas fear is future evil. Secondly, 271 2, 42 | great or small; whereas fear, being in the ~irascible 272 2, 42 | they are ~present, make us fear when they are yet to come, 273 2, 42 | power. On the other hand, fear is of ~an evil that does 274 2, 42 | ad 2,3), shame is not fear of ~the very act of sin, 275 2, 42 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear itself can be feared?~Aquin.: 276 2, 42 | OBJ 1: It would seem that fear cannot be feared. For whatever 277 2, 42 | from being lost, through fear thereof: thus a man who 278 2, 42 | therefore a ~man be afraid of fear, he will keep himself from 279 2, 42 | he will keep himself from fear by being afraid: ~which 280 2, 42 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, fear is a kind of flight. But 281 2, 42 | from itself. ~Therefore fear cannot be the object of 282 2, 42 | cannot be the object of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 283 2, 42 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, fear is about the future. But 284 2, 42 | is about the future. But fear is present to him ~that 285 2, 42 | cannot be the object of his fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 286 2, 42 | in like manner, he can fear his own fear.~Aquin.: SMT 287 2, 42 | manner, he can fear his own fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 288 2, 42 | nothing can be an object of fear, ~save what is due to an 289 2, 42 | from ~our own will. Now fear partly arises from an extrinsic 290 2, 42 | sense it is possible for fear to be the object of fear, 291 2, 42 | fear to be the object of fear, i.e. a man ~may fear lest 292 2, 42 | of fear, i.e. a man ~may fear lest he should be threatened 293 2, 42 | wherefore man is able to drive ~fear away. In this sense fear 294 2, 42 | fear away. In this sense fear cannot be the object of 295 2, 42 | cannot be the object of fear, as Augustine ~says (QQ. 296 2, 42 | in order to prove that fear cannot be at all be the 297 2, 42 | at all be the object of fear, we ~must add a solution 298 2, 42 | 1~Reply OBJ 1: Not every fear is identically the same; 299 2, 42 | to the various objects of fear. Nothing, then, prevents 300 2, 42 | fearing another, so ~that the fear which he has preserves him 301 2, 42 | has preserves him from the fear which he has not.~Aquin.: 302 2, 42 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Since fear of an imminent evil is not 303 2, 42 | not identical with the ~fear of the fear of imminent 304 2, 42 | identical with the ~fear of the fear of imminent evil; it does 305 2, 42 | of the various kinds of fear already alluded to ~(ad 306 2, 42 | ad 2) a man's present fear may have a future fear for 307 2, 42 | present fear may have a future fear for its object.~Aquin.: 308 2, 42 | is about good things, so fear is about evil ~things. But 309 2, 42 | Therefore it also adds to fear in evil things.~Aquin.: 310 2, 42 | about a thing, the more we fear it; hence the Philosopher ~ 311 2, 42 | says (Confess. ii, 6): "Fear is startled at ~things unwonted 312 2, 42 | 41], A[2]), the object of fear ~is an imminent evil, which 313 2, 42 | Tusc. ~iii, 30); so, too, fear of a future evil is diminished 314 2, 42 | same reason, to diminish fear, since fear is ~about an 315 2, 42 | to diminish fear, since fear is ~about an evil which 316 2, 42 | hope, so does it diminish fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 317 2, 42 | that evil inspires greater fear through being much thought 318 2, 42 | Because it is a condition of fear, that there ~be some hope 319 2, 42 | answer that, The object of fear is evil: consequently whatever 320 2, 42 | conduces to the increase of fear. Now evil is increased ~ 321 2, 42 | they inspire the greatest fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[42] A[ 322 2, 42 | hope and consequently to fear; wherefore we do not speak 323 2, 43 | Para. 1/1 - OF THE CAUSE OF FEAR (TWO ARTICLES)~We must now 324 2, 43 | now consider the cause of fear: under which head there 325 2, 43 | Whether love is the cause of fear?~(2) Whether defect is the 326 2, 43 | Whether defect is the cause of fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 327 2, 43 | Whether love is the cause of fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 328 2, 43 | love is not the cause of fear. For that which ~leads to 329 2, 43 | thing is its cause. But "fear leads to the love of charity" 330 2, 43 | Tract. ix). Therefore ~fear is the cause of love, and 331 2, 43 | than love him. ~Therefore fear is caused by hate rather 332 2, 43 | inmost heart. Therefore fear is not caused by ~love.~ 333 2, 43 | that there is no cause for fear save the loss of what we 334 2, 43 | hope for." Therefore all ~fear is caused by our loving 335 2, 43 | consequently love is the ~cause of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 336 2, 43 | question, the object of fear is ~something reckoned as 337 2, 43 | cause of the object of fear, and, consequently, of fear 338 2, 43 | fear, and, consequently, of fear itself. While ~that which 339 2, 43 | evil to him, ~is a cause of fear and of its object, by way 340 2, 43 | thus it is that love causes fear: since it is through his 341 2, 43 | stated above (Q[42], A[1]), fear, of itself and in the ~first 342 2, 43 | some loved good: and thus fear, of itself, is born of love. 343 2, 43 | sometimes, accidentally, fear gives rise to love; in so 344 2, 43 | for ~instance, through fear of God's punishments, man 345 2, 43 | feared: whereas love causes fear by way of material ~disposition, 346 2, 43 | Whether defect is the cause of fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 347 2, 43 | defect is not a cause of fear. Because those ~who are 348 2, 43 | defect is not a cause of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 349 2, 43 | extreme. But such like do not fear as stated in Rhet. ii, 5. 350 2, 43 | defect is not a cause of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 351 2, 43 | But "those ~who contend fear those who contend with them" ( 352 2, 43 | defect is not a cause of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 353 2, 43 | friends, and power drive fear away" (Rhet. ii, ~5). Therefore 354 2, 43 | Rhet. ii, ~5). Therefore fear is caused by lack of these.~ 355 2, 43 | As stated above (A[1]), fear may be set down to a twofold ~ 356 2, 43 | of itself, the cause of ~fear: for it is owing to some 357 2, 43 | And yet, in order to cause fear, this defect ~must be according 358 2, 43 | the defect which causes fear of a ~future evil, is less 359 2, 43 | themselves, the cause ~of fear: because it is owing to 360 2, 43 | that some defect causes fear accidentally, in ~so far 361 2, 43 | is true of the cause of fear, on the part of ~the efficient 362 2, 43 | exceeds the measure ~of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[43] A[ 363 2, 44 | 1/1 - OF THE EFFECTS OF FEAR (FOUR ARTICLES)~We must 364 2, 44 | consider the effects of fear: under which head there 365 2, 44 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether fear causes contraction?~(2) 366 2, 44 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear causes contraction?~Aquin.: 367 2, 44 | OBJ 1: It would seem that fear does not cause contraction. 368 2, 44 | who ~are afraid. Therefore fear does not cause contraction.~ 369 2, 44 | are in pain. But those who fear utter nothing: on the ~contrary 370 2, 44 | their speech. Therefore fear does not cause ~contraction.~ 371 2, 44 | Further, shame is a kind of fear, as stated above (Q[41], 372 2, 44 | contraction ~is not an effect of fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[44] A[ 373 2, 44 | Fide Orth. ii, 23) that "fear is a ~power according to { 374 2, 44 | appetitive movement of the soul, fear implies a certain ~contraction: 375 2, 44 | reason of which is that fear arises from the imagination ~ 376 2, 44 | imagination ~that causes fear there ensues a certain contraction 377 2, 44 | city, when ~seized with fear, leave the outskirts, and, 378 2, 44 | appetite of the soul, that in fear a similar contraction ~of 379 2, 44 | although in ~those who fear, the vital spirits recede 380 2, 44 | above (ad ~1): wherefore fear hinders speech which ensues 381 2, 44 | the result being ~that fear makes its subject speechless. 382 2, 44 | speechless. For this reason, too, fear "makes ~its subject tremble," 383 2, 44 | Consequently in such like fear, there is ~contraction not 384 2, 44 | that "those who are in ~fear of death turn pale" (Ethic. 385 2, 44 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear makes one suitable for counsel? ~ 386 2, 44 | OBJ 1: It would seem that fear does not make one suitable 387 2, 44 | hindrance ~thereto. But fear hinders counsel: because 388 2, 44 | use of reason. Therefore fear does not ~make a man suitable 389 2, 44 | the future. But a certain fear "drives away all ~thought, 390 2, 44 | Tusc. ~iv, 8). Therefore fear does not conduce to counsel, 391 2, 44 | good things. But whereas fear is of ~evil to be avoided, 392 2, 44 | be obtained. Therefore ~fear is not more conducive to 393 2, 44 | says (Rhet. ii, 5) that "fear makes men ~of counsel."~ 394 2, 44 | to take counsel. And thus fear makes men of ~counsel. Because, 395 2, 44 | and in this sense, neither fear nor any passion makes men 396 2, 44 | by it. Consequently, when fear is intense, man ~does indeed 397 2, 44 | counsel. If, however, the fear be slight, so as to make 398 2, 44 | says in Ethic. iii, 3. ~But fear incites to counsel more 399 2, 44 | possible of attainment; whereas fear is of evil things, ~as being 400 2, 44 | difficult to repel, so that fear regards the aspect of ~difficulty 401 2, 44 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear makes one tremble?~Aquin.: 402 2, 44 | trembling is not an effect of fear. Because ~trembling is occasioned 403 2, 44 | cold person ~trembles. Now fear does not seem to make one 404 2, 44 | whereof is that those who fear are thirsty, ~especially 405 2, 44 | thirsty, ~especially if their fear be very great, as in the 406 2, 44 | to execution. Therefore fear does not cause trembling.~ 407 2, 44 | evacuations are often caused by ~fear. Therefore fear apparently 408 2, 44 | caused by ~fear. Therefore fear apparently causes heat; 409 2, 44 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, in fear, the heat is withdrawn from 410 2, 44 | withdrawn thus; it seems that fear should ~cause this trembling 411 2, 44 | the body is not caused by fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[44] A[ 412 2, 44 | Quaest. Tusc. iv, 8) that "fear is ~followed by trembling, 413 2, 44 | stated above (A[1]), in fear there takes place a ~certain 414 2, 44 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: In fear, heat abandons the heart, 415 2, 44 | resides. Hence those who fear tremble especially in their 416 2, 44 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fear hinders action?~Aquin.: 417 2, 44 | OBJ 1: It would seem that fear hinders action. For action 418 2, 44 | which directs action. But fear ~disturbs reason, as stated 419 2, 44 | above (A[2]). Therefore fear hinders action.~Aquin.: 420 2, 44 | OBJ 2: Further, those who fear while doing anything, are 421 2, 44 | aloft, easily falls through ~fear; whereas, if he were to 422 2, 44 | being afraid. Therefore fear hinders action.~Aquin.: 423 2, 44 | laziness or sloth is a kind of fear. But laziness ~hinders action. 424 2, 44 | hinders action. Therefore fear does too.~Aquin.: SMT FS 425 2, 44 | says (Phil. 2:12): "With fear and trembling ~work out 426 2, 44 | he would not say this if fear were a ~hindrance to a good 427 2, 44 | to a good work. Therefore fear does not hinder a good action.~ 428 2, 44 | the bodily instruments, fear, considered in itself, ~ 429 2, 44 | being deprived, through fear, of their heat. But on the 430 2, 44 | part of ~the soul, if the fear be moderate, without much 431 2, 44 | attention. ~If, however, fear increases so much as to 432 2, 44 | the soul. But of such a fear the Apostle does ~not speak.~ 433 2, 44 | his imagination, through fear of the fall that is pictured ~ 434 2, 44 | Reply OBJ 3: Everyone in fear shuns that which he fears: 435 2, 44 | therefore, ~since laziness is a fear of work itself as being 436 2, 44 | withdrawing the will from it. But fear of other things conduces ~ 437 2, 45 | Whether daring is contrary to fear?~(2) How is daring related 438 2, 45 | Whether daring is contrary to fear?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[45] A[ 439 2, 45 | daring is not contrary to fear. For Augustine ~says (QQ. 440 2, 45 | virtue. Since, therefore, fear is not a virtue but a passion, 441 2, 45 | daring is not contrary to fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[45] A[ 442 2, 45 | But hope is contrary ~to fear. Therefore daring is not 443 2, 45 | daring is not contrary to fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[45] A[ 444 2, 45 | excludes its opposite. But fear excludes ~safety; for Augustine 445 2, 45 | says (Confess. ii, 6) that "fear takes forethought ~for safety." 446 2, 45 | Therefore safety is contrary to fear. Therefore daring is ~not 447 2, 45 | daring is ~not contrary to fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[45] A[ 448 2, 45 | daring is ~contrary to fear."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[45] A[ 449 2, 45 | is ~farthest removed from fear, is daring: since fear turns 450 2, 45 | from fear, is daring: since fear turns away from the ~future 451 2, 45 | that daring is contrary to fear.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[45] A[ 452 2, 45 | good and evil, and thus fear is ~contrary to hope: the 453 2, 45 | thus daring is contrary to fear, and despair contrary to ~ 454 2, 45 | denote something contrary to fear, but ~merely the exclusion 455 2, 45 | merely the exclusion of fear: for he is said to be safe, 456 2, 45 | Wherefore safety is opposed to fear, as a privation: while daring 457 2, 45 | as daring is contrary to fear, so is despair ~contrary 458 2, 45 | despair ~contrary to hope. But fear does not ensue from despair: 459 2, 45 | fact, despair ~excludes fear, as the Philosopher says ( 460 2, 45 | hope, avoidance of evil to fear, the pursuit of the fearful ~ 461 2, 45 | the threatening object of fear, that one attacks it boldly. ~ 462 2, 45 | But despair results from fear: since the reason why a 463 2, 45 | hope precedes daring, ~so fear precedes despair. And just 464 2, 45 | precedes despair. And just as fear does not always lead to ~ 465 2, 45 | turns away from, while ~fear regards the conjoined evil. 466 2, 45 | effect, not a part, ~of fear. For this reason, too, daring 467 2, 45 | hope and is ~contrary to fear: wherefore whatever is naturally 468 2, 45 | to cause hope or ~banish fear, is a cause of daring. Since, 469 2, 45 | daring. Since, however, fear and hope, and ~also daring, 470 2, 45 | raising hope, or by banishing fear; in ~one way, in the part 471 2, 45 | Philosopher says (Rhet. ii, 5). Fear ~is banished, in this way, 472 2, 45 | of threatening causes of fear; ~for instance, by the fact 473 2, 45 | hope and the banishment of fear, by those things which ~ 474 2, 45 | heat in the heart banishes fear and raises hope, by ~reason 475 2, 45 | removal of the cause of fear gives ~rise to daring.~Aquin.: 476 2, 45 | Because trembling is caused by fear, which is ~contrary to daring, 477 2, 45 | rise to hope and banishing fear, as ~stated above (A[3]).~ 478 2, 46 | hound in anger, the hare in fear, and so forth. On the part 479 2, 50 | untamed beasts, deterred by fear of pain, from that wherein 480 2, 59 | is slightly startled by fear, ~or depressed with sorrow," 481 2, 59 | mirth, "joy"; instead of fear, ~"caution." But they denied 482 2, 59 | about ~evil present, whereas fear is for evil to come: even 483 2, 60 | namely, fortitude, about fear and daring; ~temperance, 484 2, 60 | contrary, Fortitude is about fear and daring; temperance about ~ 485 2, 60 | such as joy and sorrow, fear ~and daring, and so on. 486 2, 60 | different things: for daring and fear are ~about some great danger; 487 2, 60 | passions; fortitude, about fear and ~daring; magnanimity, 488 2, 61 | of reason, e.g. through fear of danger or toil: and ~ 489 2, 61 | a man to be unbroken by fear, and yet vanquished by cupidity; 490 2, 61 | selling; fortitude, about fear; temperance, about desires; 491 2, 62 | Ecclus. 2:8, seqq.): "Ye that fear the Lord ~believe Him," 492 2, 67 | matters of food and sex; ~nor fear and daring about dangers 493 2, 67 | opposite assertions with fear of the other, so that ~our 494 2, 67 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, fear is opposed to hope. But 495 2, 67 | is opposed to hope. But fear remains after this ~life: 496 2, 67 | in the Blessed, filial fear, which abides for ever - 497 2, 67 | ever - in the lost, ~the fear of punishment. Therefore, 498 2, 67 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Fear is twofold, servile and 499 2, 67 | SS, Q[19], A[2]). Servile fear regards punishment, and 500 2, 67 | of being punished. Filial fear has two acts: one is an


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