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Alphabetical    [«  »]
judgest 10
judgeth 11
judging 107
judgment 1208
judgment-day 2
judgment-seat 2
judgments 50
Frequency    [«  »]
1218 desire
1213 alone
1211 among
1208 judgment
1206 moved
1197 instance
1197 work
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

judgment

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1208

     Part, Question
1 1, 1 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Since judgment appertains to wisdom, the 2 1, 17 | sense may have a ~false judgment, because it is referred 3 1, 17 | are not ~deceived in the judgment by which we judge that we 4 1, 20 | seem presumptuous to pass judgment on these matters; since " 5 1, 21 | wicked. Hence it ~is said: "Judgment without mercy to him that 6 1, 43 | goes on till the day of judgment. Such an increase is ~by 7 1, 49 | house of a poor ~man. The judgment, however, of the goodness 8 1, 59 | not from any previous ~judgment, but, as it were, moved 9 1, 59 | Others act from some kind ~of judgment; but not from free-will, 10 1, 59 | from the wolf by a kind of judgment whereby it esteems it to ~ 11 1, 59 | hurtful to itself: such a judgment is not a free one, but implanted 12 1, 59 | intellect can act with a judgment ~which is free, in so far 13 1, 59 | lower, as also does the judgment of the intellect. ~Yet it 14 1, 62 | which can be increased unto judgment ~day. Hence some writers 15 1, 63 | not err in his universal judgment, but retains ~a right opinion 16 1, 64 | to the demons until the judgment day."~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] 17 1, 64 | is prolonged even to the judgment ~day: consequently, the 18 1, 64 | in heaven. But ~after the judgment day all the wicked, both 19 1, 64 | souls is postponed until the judgment day: and that the beatitude 20 1, 64 | likewise postponed until the judgment day. But this is ~erroneous, 21 1, 64 | better to say that the same judgment is passed ~upon wicked souls 22 1, 43 | goes on till the day of judgment. Such an increase is ~by 23 1, 50 | house of a poor ~man. The judgment, however, of the goodness 24 1, 60 | not from any previous ~judgment, but, as it were, moved 25 1, 60 | Others act from some kind ~of judgment; but not from free-will, 26 1, 60 | from the wolf by a kind of judgment whereby it esteems it to ~ 27 1, 60 | hurtful to itself: such a judgment is not a free one, but implanted 28 1, 60 | intellect can act with a judgment ~which is free, in so far 29 1, 60 | lower, as also does the judgment of the intellect. ~Yet it 30 1, 63 | which can be increased unto judgment ~day. Hence some writers 31 1, 64 | not err in his universal judgment, but retains ~a right opinion 32 1, 65 | to the demons until the judgment day."~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[64] 33 1, 65 | is prolonged even to the judgment ~day: consequently, the 34 1, 65 | in heaven. But ~after the judgment day all the wicked, both 35 1, 65 | souls is postponed until the judgment day: and that the beatitude 36 1, 65 | likewise postponed until the judgment day. But this is ~erroneous, 37 1, 65 | better to say that the same judgment is passed ~upon wicked souls 38 1, 77 | Wherefore the discerning judgment must be assigned ~to the 39 1, 78 | and, again, by way of ~judgment returns by analysis to first 40 1, 78 | which are already subject to judgment and true decision." Therefore 41 1, 78 | are made": while by way of judgment, from ~eternal things already 42 1, 78 | to adhere to the formed judgment with approval.~Aquin.: SMT 43 1, 78 | in the natural ~power of judgment there are certain "rules 44 1, 78 | unchangeable rules which guide our judgment belong to the reason as ~ 45 1, 78 | the "natural power of judgment," and Damascene [*De Fide 46 1, 81 | of a passion, but from ~a judgment of the reason. And in the 47 1, 82 | some things act without ~judgment; as a stone moves downwards; 48 1, 82 | knowledge. And some act from judgment, but not a free judgment; 49 1, 82 | judgment, but not a free judgment; as ~brute animals. For 50 1, 82 | a natural and not a free judgment, because it judges, not ~ 51 1, 82 | thing is to be said of any judgment of brute animals. But man 52 1, 82 | animals. But man acts from judgment, because by ~his apprehensive 53 1, 82 | sought. But because this judgment, in the case of some particular 54 1, 82 | therefore he acts from free judgment and retains the power of ~ 55 1, 82 | therefore in ~such matters the judgment of reason may follow opposite 56 1, 82 | inclinations are subject to the judgment of reason, ~which the lower 57 1, 82 | inclinations are subject to the judgment of reason. Such qualities, 58 1, 82 | free-will is ~nothing but a free judgment. But judgment denominates 59 1, 82 | but a free judgment. But judgment denominates an act, not 60 1, 82 | Liberum arbitrium - i.e. free ~judgment] in its strict sense denotes 61 1, 82 | this act, which is a free judgment, is named the power which 62 1, 82 | as though it were a free ~judgment. But to judge is an act 63 1, 82 | appetite should ~accept the judgment of counsel. Therefore Aristotle ( 64 1, 82 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Judgment, as it were, concludes and 65 1, 82 | terminated, first, by the judgment of reason; secondly, by 66 1, 82 | that, "having formed a judgment by counsel, we desire in 67 1, 82 | sense choice itself is a judgment from which ~free-will takes 68 1, 83 | phantasms?~(8) Whether the judgment of the intellect is hindered 69 1, 83 | ere ~the mind can form a judgment thereon: according to the 70 1, 83 | that reason claim to form a judgment ~concerning these sensible 71 1, 83 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the judgment of the intellect is hindered 72 1, 83 | It would seem that the judgment of the intellect is not 73 1, 83 | on the inferior. But the judgment of the intellect is higher 74 1, 83 | the ~senses. Therefore the judgment of the intellect is not 75 1, 83 | while asleep. Therefore the ~judgment of the intellect is not 76 1, 83 | intellect. Therefore the judgment of the intellect is hindered ~ 77 1, 83 | sensible thing. Now a perfect ~judgment concerning anything cannot 78 1, 83 | is ~the term and end of judgment. Now the Philosopher says ( 79 1, 83 | intellect to form a perfect judgment, while the senses are ~suspended, 80 1, 83 | involves a hindrance to the judgment ~of the intellect.~Aquin.: 81 1, 83 | imagination are ~free, so is the judgment of his intellect unfettered, 82 1, 84 | impression as such; and so every judgment will be true: for instance, 83 1, 84 | the faculty ~exists, its judgment concerning its own proper 84 1, 84 | who errs in the practical judgment of ~the appetible object. 85 1, 86 | true, however, that the judgment and force of this knowledge, 86 1, 93 | when the natural power of judgment is free we are not deceived 87 1, 94 | forestall and ~hinder reason's judgment; at other times they follow 88 1, 94 | times they follow reason's judgment, ~accordingly as the sensual 89 1, 94 | as ~consequent upon the judgment of reason.~Aquin.: SMT FP 90 1, 103 | me, O Lord, but ~yet with judgment; and not in Thy fury, lest 91 1, 105 | 1~Reply OBJ 3: Till the Judgment Day some new things are 92 1, 107 | will outlast the Day of Judgment?~(8) Whether men are taken 93 1, 107 | will outlast the Day of Judgment?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[108] A[ 94 1, 107 | not outlast the Day ~of Judgment. For the Apostle says (1 95 1, 107 | perfect. But after the Day of Judgment one angel ~will not cleanse, 96 1, 107 | salvation until the Day of Judgment. Therefore ~the angelic 97 1, 107 | will not outlast the Day of Judgment.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[108] A[ 98 1, 107 | remain after the Day of Judgment, ~and to a certain degree 99 1, 107 | So, ~although after the Judgment the inferior angels will 100 1, 107 | Although after the Day of Judgment men will not be led any ~ 101 1, 110 | something ~following the judgment of reason rather than the 102 1, 112 | The angels are brought to judgment as to ~whether men have 103 1, 112 | which have ~brought him to judgment. Therefore angels grieve 104 1, 112 | angels are brought into judgment for the sins of men, ~not 105 2, 2 | especially by the wise, on whose ~judgment he believes himself to be 106 2, 4 | Happiness until the Day of Judgment, when they will ~receive 107 2, 6 | according to ~which we form our judgment concerning them, we must 108 2, 6 | pleasure, "destroys the judgment of ~prudence." Therefore 109 2, 10 | the passion, ~so that the judgment of reason retains, to a 110 2, 13 | called "a decision" or ~"judgment," to be followed by "choice." 111 2, 13 | results from the ~decision or judgment which is, as it were, the 112 2, 13 | should not rely on ~his own judgment to decide whether a certain 113 2, 13 | stand by his superior's judgment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[13] A[ 114 2, 13 | choice follows the ~reason's judgment of what is to be done. But 115 2, 13 | The reason's decision or judgment of what is to be done is ~ 116 2, 14 | ad 2; A[3]), ~follows the judgment of the reason about what 117 2, 14 | reason does not pronounce judgment, without previous inquiry: 118 2, 14 | certainty of His knowledge or judgment, which certainty in us ~ 119 2, 14 | counsel by reason of its judgment or ~decision. Consequently 120 2, 14 | decision. Consequently when the judgment or decision is evident without ~ 121 2, 14 | of analysis, as when our judgment deals with effects, ~which 122 2, 15 | approves and embraces the judgment of his counselling, and ~ 123 2, 15 | approves and ~embraces the judgment of his counsel." But counsel 124 2, 15 | movement ~is applied to the judgment resulting from counsel. 125 2, 15 | others; for as long as ~judgment about some matter remains 126 2, 15 | to Divine principles, no judgment of the reason can be ~considered 127 2, 15 | higher reason exercises judgment on ~the fact of thinking 128 2, 16 | uses all things by its judgment of them." But judgment of 129 2, 16 | its judgment of them." But judgment of things created ~by God 130 2, 17 | free-will as being "a ~free judgment arising from reason," implying 131 2, 17 | decision, ~which is reason's judgment, the will chooses; and after 132 2, 18 | which it is rash to form a judgment." Therefore some ~actions 133 2, 18 | account of it in the day of judgment" (Mt. ~12:36): while if 134 2, 19 | Reply OBJ 1: Although the judgment of an erring reason is not 135 2, 19 | reason puts forward its judgment as being true, ~and consequently 136 2, 20 | estimated according to God's judgment rather than according ~to 137 2, 20 | rather than according ~to the judgment of man. Therefore the external 138 2, 21 | done, God will bring into judgment . . . whether it be good 139 2, 21 | it be good or evil." Now ~judgment implies retribution, in 140 2, 24 | anything that hinders the judgment of reason, on which ~depends 141 2, 24 | every passion hinders the judgment of reason: for ~Sallust 142 2, 24 | twofold relation to ~the judgment of reason. First, antecedently: 143 2, 24 | since they obscure ~the judgment of reason, on which the 144 2, 24 | work of charity from the judgment of reason than from the 145 2, 24 | to ~wit, a man, by the judgment of his reason, chooses to 146 2, 24 | to evil, and precedes the judgment of ~reason, diminishes sin; 147 2, 26 | dilection presupposes the ~judgment of reason. But it is possible 148 2, 34 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, judgment of the effect from its cause 149 2, 34 | cause is more certain ~than judgment of cause from effect. Now 150 2, 34 | matters, that we form our judgment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[34] A[ 151 2, 39 | sometimes due to a right judgment of reason; while the rejection 152 2, 39 | common: namely, ~a true judgment concerning good and evil; 153 2, 41 | at present from forming a judgment ~of that which amazes him, 154 2, 44 | owing to the want of right judgment, every passion, ~considered 155 2, 45 | into circumstances; ~its judgment is instantaneous. Now it 156 2, 45 | danger according to the judgment ~of reason, at first seem 157 2, 46 | though hampered, to form a ~judgment of reason. ~(tm)Aquin.: 158 2, 47 | passion of the soul ~but as of judgment of justice, inasmuch as 159 2, 48 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the judgment of reason becomes more evident 160 2, 48 | anger, and facilitates ~the judgment of reason. Therefore anger 161 2, 48 | anger does not hinder the judgment of ~reason.~Aquin.: SMT 162 2, 48 | the ~body hinders even the judgment of reason; as is clear in 163 2, 48 | manifest obstacle to the judgment of reason, according ~to 164 2, 48 | anger forestalls the perfect judgment of reason, as though it ~ 165 2, 48 | this respect it hinders the judgment of reason.~Aquin.: SMT FS 166 2, 48 | another ~facilitates the judgment of reason, on the same grounds 167 2, 48 | above all, hinders the ~judgment of reason, as stated above ( 168 2, 48 | of the reason, when the judgment of reason ~prevails so far, 169 2, 48 | disturbed, anger, as if in judgment, commands silence." On the 170 2, 52 | Further, of like things a like judgment should be formed. But all ~ 171 2, 53 | may be corrupted by a ~judgment of reason, whenever its 172 2, 57 | no perfect and universal judgment that is not ~based on the 173 2, 57 | be the one whose act is judgment. Now ~"{synesis}" enables 174 2, 57 | various matters to pass judgment on, ~so are there different 175 2, 57 | is counsel; the second, judgment; the third, command. The 176 2, 57 | which are inquiry ~and judgment, for counsel is a kind of 177 2, 57 | prudence in ~relation to judgment, and of whose distinction 178 2, 57 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Judgment about what is to be done 179 2, 57 | matter of action that a man's judgment ~is sound, while his execution 180 2, 57 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Judgment of anything should be based 181 2, 57 | are two virtues for good judgment: ~because difference is 182 2, 57 | sciences, which pronounce judgment, differ according to their 183 2, 57 | different ~rules on which judgment is based: for "{synesis}" 184 2, 57 | while "{gnome}" bases its judgment on the ~natural law, in 185 2, 58 | without depending on the judgment of reason, have a natural ~ 186 2, 58 | opposed to ~the universal judgment of his reason. Consequently, 187 2, 58 | in the ~former case our judgment depends on reason alone. 188 2, 58 | passions, destroying the judgment and command of prudence, 189 2, 59 | that "pleasures destroy the judgment of ~prudence": and Sallust 190 2, 59 | a passion forestalls the judgment of reason, so as to ~prevail 191 2, 59 | hinders counsel and the ~judgment of reason. But when it follows 192 2, 59 | But when it follows that judgment, as through being ~commanded 193 2, 61 | not in its counsel or its judgment, as ~stated above (Q[57], 194 2, 66 | disposition, ~or a more discerning judgment of reason, or again a greater 195 2, 66 | is that ~wisdom exercises judgment over all the other intellectual 196 2, 66 | but also by passing its judgment on them, and ~by vindicating 197 2, 68 | as it ~proceeds from the judgment of reason: but it is called 198 2, 68 | man can work through the judgment of his reason. If, ~however, 199 2, 68 | discovery of truth), and ~judgment concerning the truth. Accordingly, 200 2, 68 | knowledge perfects man's judgment, while counsel ~pertains 201 2, 68 | pertains to inquiry. But judgment is more excellent than inquiry. ~ 202 2, 68 | counsel by reason of its ~judgment, yet counsel is more excellent 203 2, 68 | Ethic. iii, 3), ~whereas the judgment of knowledge embraces all 204 2, 73 | itself in accord with the judgment of reason. ~Wherefore those 205 2, 73 | causes which weaken the judgment of reason (e.g. ~ignorance), 206 2, 73 | concupiscence, forestalling ~the judgment of reason and the movement 207 2, 73 | this sense ~follows the judgment of reason, and the movement 208 2, 73 | 25), according to Whose ~judgment the gravity of a sin is 209 2, 74 | that, Consent implies a judgment about the thing to which ~ 210 2, 74 | every case brought up for judgment, the final sentence belongs 211 2, 74 | submitted to it: wherefore the judgment is still ~in suspense, the 212 2, 74 | ultimate sentence, whereby the judgment ~is finally pronounced, 213 2, 74 | eternal types. Now when judgment has to be pronounced on 214 2, 74 | several ~points, the final judgment deals with that which comes 215 2, 74 | while the preliminary ~judgment which is about the delectation 216 2, 74 | reason, ~which delivers judgment in a lower court: although 217 2, 74 | whatever is subject to the judgment ~of the lower court, is 218 2, 74 | is subject also to the judgment of the higher court, ~but 219 2, 74 | reason has already passed its judgment. Hence consent may be ~ascribed 220 2, 74 | nevertheless, before the judgment of the ~higher reason is 221 2, 74 | time to deliberate. But the judgment of the lower reason is ~ 222 2, 75 | just as it is due to the judgment of reason, that the will 223 2, 76 | conclusion of which ~is an act of judgment, or of choice, or an operation. 224 2, 77 | apprehended by reason. Because the judgment and apprehension of ~reason 225 2, 77 | of ~the imagination and judgment of the estimative power, 226 2, 77 | the ~imagination and the judgment of the estimative power 227 2, 77 | the result being that the judgment of the ~reason often follows 228 2, 77 | inclination always to follow the judgment of the reason.~Aquin.: SMT 229 2, 77 | a certain change in the ~judgment about the object of the 230 2, 77 | general, to form a contrary judgment about a ~particular matter - 231 2, 77 | to pronounce ~an opposite judgment in a particular case, he 232 2, 77 | with an opposite particular judgment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[77] A[ 233 2, 77 | and yet this ~particular judgment is contrary to the universal 234 2, 77 | passion consequent to the judgment of reason ~increases merit; 235 2, 77 | his passion than by the judgment of his reason, such a passion ~ 236 2, 81 | some are punished by the ~judgment of God for the sin of their 237 2, 81 | however, by Divine or ~human judgment, children receive bodily 238 2, 87 | in human judgments. In no judgment, however, as ~Augustine 239 2, 87 | me, O Lord, but yet ~with judgment: and not in Thy fury, lest 240 2, 91 | the uncertainty of human judgment, ~especially on contingent 241 2, 93 | law is not subject to the judgment of man." But according to 242 2, 93 | It is to this kind of judgment that the Philosopher ~alludes 243 2, 93 | by a kind of practical ~judgment, as to whether he should 244 2, 95 | acts to be directed ~by the judgment of wise men, than by the 245 2, 95 | what laws to make; whereas ~judgment on each single case has 246 2, 95 | whereas ~those who sit in judgment of things present, towards 247 2, 95 | cupidity; wherefore their ~judgment is perverted.~Aquin.: SMT 248 2, 95 | which determinations the judgment of expert and prudent men 249 2, 95 | is not subject to human judgment, wherefore human ~law is 250 2, 96 | 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, the judgment of conscience depends chiefly 251 2, 96 | to oppress the poor in judgment, ~and do violence to the 252 2, 96 | 23:3,4). Hence, ~in the judgment of God, the sovereign is 253 2, 96 | are ~made they must pass judgment not on them, but according 254 2, 96 | lawgiver, he seems to pass judgment on the law. ~Therefore it 255 2, 97 | proceed ~from a deliberate judgment of reason. Accordingly, 256 2, 97 | person, because it is the judgment of ~God." But to allow one 257 2, 99 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, judgment seems to be an act of justice, 258 2, 99 | Until justice be turned into judgment." But acts of justice, like ~ 259 2, 99 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Judgment denotes execution of justice, 260 2, 100 | from reason. And as every judgment of speculative reason proceeds 261 2, 100 | first principles, so every judgment of practical ~reason proceeds 262 2, 100 | cannot be the subject of judgment without much ~consideration 263 2, 100 | reason; and since also every judgment of human reason must ~needs 264 2, 100 | things which come under the judgment of the ~lawgiver; for the 265 2, 100 | this is subject to the ~judgment of both Divine and human 266 2, 100 | shall be in danger of the judgment."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[100] 267 2, 100 | man can have an ~erroneous judgment about them. Some precepts 268 2, 100 | promulgated, because human judgment, in a few instances, ~happens 269 2, 100 | prohibition ~against false judgment, according to Ex. 23:2: " 270 2, 100 | Neither shalt thou yield ~in judgment, to the opinion of the most 271 2, 101 | pertain to the pronouncing of judgment between man and man. Therefore ~ 272 2, 102 | conditions, which depend on the judgment of those who frame ~them; 273 2, 102 | the ~priest erred in his judgment.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[102] A[ 274 2, 103 | priest were to err in his ~judgment, the leper would be cleansed 275 2, 104 | precepts take ~their name from "judgment." But there are many things 276 2, 104 | which are not subordinate to judgment. Therefore the ~judicial 277 2, 104 | that "he hath executed true judgment between man and ~man." But 278 2, 104 | precepts are so called from "judgment." Therefore it ~seems that 279 2, 104 | virtue of justice: ~since a judgment is an execution of the virtue 280 2, 105 | fixed place to ask for ~judgment on doubtful matters.~Aquin.: 281 2, 105 | judge the people with just judgment." It is ~also directed the 282 2, 105 | occasion of pronouncing unjust judgment, by forbidding judges to ~ 283 2, 105 | judge the ~people with just judgment." Secondly, a matter may 284 2, 105 | hard and doubtful matter in judgment . ~. . and thou see that 285 2, 105 | did not often ~occur for judgment: wherefore the people were 286 2, 105 | punishment, according to true judgment, should be diminished also; 287 2, 108 | left entirely to their own ~judgment in matters not necessarily 288 2, 108 | subject of a prohibition. ~Now judgment is an act of justice, according 289 2, 108 | justice ~be turned into judgment." Therefore it seems that 290 2, 108 | Lord unbecomingly ~forbade judgment: and consequently that the 291 2, 108 | Lord did not forbid the judgment of justice, without ~which 292 2, 108 | But he ~forbade inordinate judgment, as stated above.~Aquin.: 293 2, 109 | regulated, even as it is by the ~judgment of the reason that the movements 294 2, 114 | in accordance with a fair judgment, ~would seem a condign reward. 295 2, 114 | in ~accordance with the judgment of justice, according to 296 2, 1 | to His coming for ~the judgment, so that in all there are 297 2, 2 | Now a man ~cannot form a judgment of this kind in matters 298 2, 2 | virtue, on account of the judgment of his ~reason, and not 299 2, 5 | faith, by his own will and judgment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[5] A[3] 300 2, 7 | accordance with the Divine judgment. In this way, then, ~faith 301 2, 8 | wisdom is concerned with ~judgment, while understanding renders 302 2, 8 | their opposites: and this judgment, with regard to Divine things ~ 303 2, 8 | which gives man a right judgment about ~particular causes, 304 2, 8 | practical, not as to the judgment, but as ~to apprehension, 305 2, 9 | because he forms a sure judgment on it.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[ 306 2, 9 | should have a sure and right judgment ~on them, so as to discern 307 2, 9 | Because man forms a sure ~judgment about a truth by the discursive 308 2, 9 | in God, there is a sure judgment of truth, without any ~discursive 309 2, 9 | 3~I answer that, A sure judgment about a thing formed chiefly 310 2, 9 | the second, so ought ~the judgment about the second cause to 311 2, 9 | other cause; ~wherefore the judgment which is formed through 312 2, 9 | first and most perfect judgment. ~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[9] A[ 313 2, 9 | knowledge implies certitude of judgment as ~stated above (A[1]), 314 2, 9 | if this certitude of the judgment is derived from ~the highest 315 2, 9 | name denoting certitude of judgment, ~and appropriated to the 316 2, 9 | and appropriated to the judgment which is formed through 317 2, 9 | 1/2~I answer that, Right judgment about creatures belongs 318 2, 9 | It is by forming a right judgment of ~creatures that man becomes 319 2, 9 | be the ~occasion), which judgment he exercises through the 320 2, 9 | consolation, since, by his right judgment, man directs ~creatures 321 2, 10 | depart from a true and right judgment" as the gloss observes [* 322 2, 10 | It is an ~insult to the judgment of the most religious synod, 323 2, 10 | right ~to exercise spiritual judgment over them, but only temporal 324 2, 10 | them, but only temporal judgment, in ~the case when, while 325 2, 10 | Church does not exercise judgment against unbelievers ~in 326 2, 10 | but she does ~exercise judgment over some of them in the 327 2, 10 | authority can pronounce judgment on ~those over whom they 328 2, 10 | unbelievers cannot pronounce ~judgment on the faithful, for the 329 2, 11 | profession, be approved by the judgment of ~your apostleship, whoever 330 2, 11 | person, because it is the judgment of ~God." Therefore even 331 2, 13 | either on the part of God's judgment, or on the part of His gifts, 332 2, 13 | consideration of the Divine judgment, wherein ~justice is accompanied 333 2, 26 | because it is by the sole judgment of his reason that one ~ 334 2, 26 | object is subject to reason's judgment, ~should be measured by 335 2, 26 | which is ~God surpasses the judgment of reason, wherefore it 336 2, 29 | the matter requires ~the judgment of a prudent man.~Aquin.: 337 2, 31 | reason is gifted with a ~sane judgment, so as to be able to correct 338 2, 31 | so far as he ~has a sane judgment in a matter wherein the 339 2, 31 | reason is gifted with right judgment. ~Now sin, as stated above ( 340 2, 31 | sinner's reason of all right judgment, and ~in this respect he 341 2, 31 | hidden sins ~are to the judgment of God, just what public 342 2, 31 | what public sins are to the judgment of ~man. Nevertheless God 343 2, 37 | refuses to submit ~to her judgment. But every sinner does not 344 2, 39 | 48], A[3]) hinders the ~judgment of the reason, so that it 345 2, 41 | will contend with thee in judgment, and take away thy ~coat, 346 2, 43 | able to form a most certain judgment about other causes, and 347 2, 43 | 2/2~Now man obtains this judgment through the Holy Ghost, 348 2, 43 | shows that he has a right judgment about ~Divine things.~Aquin.: 349 2, 43 | a certain ~rectitude of judgment according to the Eternal 350 2, 43 | Eternal Law. Now rectitude of ~judgment is twofold: first, on account 351 2, 43 | his reason forms a right judgment, if he has learnt the ~science 352 2, 43 | virtue to ~pronounce right judgment about Divine things after 353 2, 43 | twofold act, perception and ~judgment. The gift of understanding 354 2, 43 | denotes a certain rectitude of judgment in the contemplation and ~ 355 2, 43 | For the measure of ~right judgment attained by some, whether 356 2, 44 | man ~lacks the sense of judgment, while the fool has the 357 2, 44 | deficiency in the verdict of that judgment, ~which is according to 358 2, 44 | cause, for if a man fails in judgment ~about some trivial matter, 359 2, 44 | respect contract ~dullness in judgment in two ways. First, from 360 2, 45 | not stray from the right judgment of reason through fear or ~ 361 2, 45 | seems to do so from right judgment, and ~the latter from a 362 2, 45 | latter from a defective judgment. On the other hand it is 363 2, 45 | ruling according to the judgment of reason, he is proportionately ~ 364 2, 45 | aright, and forms a good judgment, even about things concerning 365 2, 45 | also have naturally a right judgment about such like ends.~Aquin.: 366 2, 46 | and "gnome" which refer to judgment, so also ~ought something 367 2, 46 | things ~known to knowledge or judgment of other things, and this 368 2, 46 | synesis," which ~concerns judgment in matters of ordinary occurrence, 369 2, 46 | gnome," which ~concerns judgment in matters of exception 370 2, 47 | contains rectitude of counsel, judgment and command, without ~which 371 2, 47 | circumstances is not; and the judgment of reason in ~matters of 372 2, 48 | shall ~execute justice and judgment in the earth." Since, however, 373 2, 49 | acquires good counsel, good judgment, or good command, ~inasmuch 374 2, 49 | for counsel comes ~first, judgment follows, and command comes 375 2, 49 | be ~done, and the end of judgment, certainty. Hence this proves 376 2, 49 | faculty of judging." But ~judgment without command can be even 377 2, 49 | unless there be a ~defective judgment, at least in a particular 378 2, 49 | virtue directed to good judgment, ~it seems that there is 379 2, 49 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Judgment is more perfect than counsel. 380 2, 49 | a virtue, as being good judgment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[51] A[ 381 2, 49 | law) ~signifies a right judgment, not indeed about speculative 382 2, 49 | counsel and goodness of judgment are not reducible to the 383 2, 49 | persons sometimes lack ~good judgment (and this is due to a defect 384 2, 49 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Right judgment consists in the cognitive 385 2, 49 | appetite: and thus a good judgment of ~virtue results from 386 2, 49 | of moral virtue; but this judgment is ~about the ends, whereas { 387 2, 49 | wicked men there may be right judgment of a universal ~principle, 388 2, 49 | universal ~principle, but their judgment is always corrupt in the 389 2, 49 | common law), to have good judgment. Now no man ~can be said 390 2, 49 | can be said to have good judgment, unless he judge aright 391 2, 49 | extends to all ~matters of judgment, and consequently there 392 2, 49 | no other virtue of good ~judgment called {gnome} (judging 393 2, 49 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, judgment is midway between counsel 394 2, 49 | only one virtue of good judgment, viz. {synesis} (judging 395 2, 49 | could not pronounce a sure judgment on such monstrosities, and 396 2, 49 | have a ~higher virtue of judgment, which is called {gnome} ( 397 2, 49 | certain discrimination in judgment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[51] A[ 398 2, 49 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Judgment about a thing should be 399 2, 49 | demonstration which ~tends to judgment, proceeds from proper principles. 400 2, 49 | certain discrimination in judgment.~ 401 2, 50 | is its highest act, and judgment ~comes between, it seems 402 2, 50 | counsel, but rather a gift of judgment or command.~Aquin.: SMT 403 2, 50 | by the name of command or judgment ~rather than of counsel 404 2, 50 | according to James ~2:13, "Judgment without mercy to him that 405 2, 51 | imprudence; by defect of ~"judgment," to which {synesis} (judging 406 2, 51 | reason, viz. ~"counsel," "judgment" about what has been counselled, 407 2, 51 | belongs to the reason, ~so judgment belongs to the intellect. 408 2, 51 | science is said to exercise judgment, in so far as it ~judges 409 2, 51 | thought pertains chiefly ~to judgment; and consequently the lack 410 2, 51 | consequently the lack of right judgment belongs to the ~vice of 411 2, 51 | things on which a right judgment ~depends. It is therefore 412 2, 51 | the formation of a right judgment, wherefore ~this thought 413 2, 51 | thought is perfected in judgment. Consequently thoughtlessness 414 2, 51 | opposed to the rectitude of judgment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[53] A[ 415 2, 51 | for the purpose of right judgment, than in ~speculative matters, 416 2, 51 | to a defect in the act of judgment, so inconstancy arises ~ 417 2, 51 | inconstancy by destroying the ~judgment of reason entirely. Hence 418 2, 51 | Carnal vices destroy the judgment of reason so much the ~more 419 2, 52 | precipitation," nor a ~defect of judgment, since that is "thoughtlessness," 420 2, 53 | it is through God's just judgment that ~what they plot against 421 2, 55 | itself; (3) Injustice; (4) Judgment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[57] Out. 422 2, 58 | 60] Out. Para. 1/1 - OF JUDGMENT (SIX ARTICLES)~In due sequence 423 2, 58 | sequence we must consider judgment, under which head there 424 2, 58 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether judgment is an act of justice?~(2) 425 2, 58 | lawful to judge?~(3) Whether judgment should be based on suspicions?~( 426 2, 58 | interpreted favorably?~(5) Whether judgment should always be given according 427 2, 58 | written law?~(6) Whether judgment is perverted by being usurped?~ 428 2, 58 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether judgment is an act of justice?~Aquin.: 429 2, 58 | OBJ 1: It would seem that judgment is not an act of justice. 430 2, 58 | what he ~knows," so that judgment would seem to belong to 431 2, 58 | perfected by prudence. Therefore judgment ~belongs to prudence rather 432 2, 58 | us" (Rm. 5:5). Therefore judgment belongs to charity rather 433 2, 58 | Ethic. iii, 4). Therefore judgment does not ~belong to justice 434 2, 58 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, judgment would seem to belong only 435 2, 58 | just men, it seems that judgment is not the proper act of ~ 436 2, 58 | justice be turned ~into judgment."~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[60] A[ 437 2, 58 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Judgment properly denotes the act 438 2, 58 | original meaning of the word "judgment" is a statement ~or decision 439 2, 58 | to chastity. Therefore ~judgment, which denotes a right decision 440 2, 58 | 1~Reply OBJ 1: The word "judgment," from its original meaning 441 2, 58 | practical. Now a right ~judgment in any matter requires two 442 2, 58 | itself that pronounces judgment: and in this way, judgment 443 2, 58 | judgment: and in this way, judgment is an act of ~reason, because 444 2, 58 | in matters of justice, judgment ~proceeds from justice, 445 2, 58 | fortitude. Accordingly judgment is an act of justice in 446 2, 58 | as prudence ~pronounces judgment: wherefore {synesis} (judging 447 2, 58 | these that he pronounces judgment ~through the gift of wisdom: 448 2, 58 | the just man pronounces judgment ~through the virtue of prudence 449 2, 58 | question, ~there is no need for judgment other than that of a virtuous 450 2, 58 | a virtuous man, taking ~judgment in its broader sense, as 451 2, 58 | is further need for the judgment of a superior, who is ~" 452 2, 58 | both" [*Job 9:33]. ~Hence judgment belongs more specifically 453 2, 58 | administrative virtue. Hence judgment, which ~denotes a decision 454 2, 58 | judge the people ~with just judgment."~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[60] A[ 455 2, 58 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Judgment is lawful in so far as it 456 2, 58 | conditions are requisite for a judgment to be an act of justice: 457 2, 58 | of these be lacking, the ~judgment will be faulty and unlawful. 458 2, 58 | authority, ~and this is called judgment "by usurpation": thirdly, 459 2, 58 | any solid motive, forms a ~judgment on some doubtful or hidden 460 2, 58 | and then it is called ~judgment by "suspicion" or "rash" 461 2, 58 | by "suspicion" or "rash" judgment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[60] A[ 462 2, 58 | words our Lord forbids rash judgment which is ~about the inward 463 2, 58 | 18). Or else He forbids judgment about ~Divine things, which 464 2, 58 | Cross], He forbids the ~judgment which proceeds not from 465 2, 58 | 17), "because it is the judgment of God."~Aquin.: SMT SS 466 2, 58 | the judge to pronounce ~judgment, because it is his duty, 467 2, 58 | it is unlawful to form a judgment from suspicions?~Aquin.: 468 2, 58 | is not unlawful to form a judgment from ~suspicions. For suspicion 469 2, 58 | singulars. Since then human ~judgment is about human acts, which 470 2, 58 | matters, it seems that no judgment would be lawful, if it were 471 2, 58 | another man. Therefore judgment based on suspicion is not 472 2, 58 | to an ~injustice, since judgment is an act of justice, as 473 2, 58 | 59], A[4]). Therefore a judgment based on suspicion would 474 2, 58 | before the time." Therefore a judgment ~based on suspicion would 475 2, 58 | nevertheless ~restrain our judgment, and refrain from forming 476 2, 58 | Q[59], A[1], ad 3), the judgment of ~suspicion pertains directly 477 2, 58 | stated above. The internal ~judgment pertains to justice, in 478 2, 58 | related to the external ~judgment, even as the internal to 479 2, 58 | no matter what kind of judgment we form about it; but there 480 2, 58 | should strive to make his judgment accord with things as they 481 2, 58 | the good and evil in our judgment is ~considered chiefly on 482 2, 58 | of the person about whom judgment is being ~formed; for he 483 2, 58 | we ought, in this kind of judgment, to aim at judging a ~man 484 2, 58 | may judge falsely, our judgment in thinking well of another 485 2, 58 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, judgment has to be formed about individual 486 2, 58 | As stated above (A[1]), judgment is nothing else but a ~decision 487 2, 58 | to the written law, else ~judgment would fall short either 488 2, 58 | A[2]): and consequently judgment should not be delivered 489 2, 58 | Wherefore in such cases judgment ~should be delivered, not 490 2, 58 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether judgment is rendered perverse by 491 2, 58 | OBJ 1: It would seem that judgment is not rendered perverse 492 2, 58 | this is what is meant by judgment.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[60] A[ 493 2, 58 | Further, it belongs to judgment to punish sins. Now it is 494 2, 58 | Therefore usurpation of judgment pertains not to injustice.~ 495 2, 58 | power. Therefore usurped judgment is not unlawful.~Aquin.: 496 2, 58 | ad 1,3; A[2]). But a judgment is not described as unjust, 497 2, 58 | 1/1~I answer that, Since judgment should be pronounced according 498 2, 58 | 5]), he that pronounces judgment, ~interprets, in a way, 499 2, 58 | authority, ~so neither can a judgment be pronounced except by 500 2, 58 | another to submit to a judgment that is pronounced by other


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