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Alphabetical    [«  »]
pleasurable 48
pleasurableness 4
pleasurably 3
pleasure 1175
pleasures 490
pleb 2
plebeians 1
Frequency    [«  »]
1197 work
1183 belong
1177 14
1175 pleasure
1174 precepts
1168 created
1166 between
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

pleasure

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1175

     Part, Question
1 1, 12 | either because we find no pleasure in them, or because ~such 2 1, 18 | operations ~become sources of pleasure. Thus, as by a similitude, 3 1, 19 | the fornicator has merely pleasure for his ~object, and the 4 1, 19 | called ~the will of good pleasure; and will metaphorically 5 1, 19 | distinct from the will ~of good pleasure. Therefore operation ought 6 1, 19 | object of the will of good pleasure, and of the ~will of expression. 7 1, 19 | same as the will of good ~pleasure; while precept and counsel 8 1, 26 | things corporeal; as in pleasure, riches, and such like. 9 1, 63 | through envy that they take pleasure in all sorts of human sins, ~ 10 1, 64 | sorrow on account of the pleasure taken in sin, according ~ 11 1, 64 | through envy that they take pleasure in all sorts of human sins, ~ 12 1, 65 | sorrow on account of the pleasure taken in sin, according ~ 13 1, 77 | in which the animal takes pleasure, ~or from which it shrinks 14 1, 90 | and sex, man alone takes pleasure in the beauty of sensible 15 1, 94 | so far as it moderates pleasure; and ~in like manner, fortitude, 16 1, 97 | thrown itself into such pleasure, being curbed by reason, ~ 17 1, 97 | is not to lessen sensual pleasure, but to prevent the ~force 18 1, 97 | person does not take less pleasure in food taken in moderation 19 1, 97 | not exclude intensity ~of pleasure from the state of innocence, 20 1, 98 | inability to secure a proffered pleasure causes ~affliction. But 21 1, 101 | had planted a paradise of pleasure from the beginning" (Gn. ~ 22 1, 101 | placed in the paradise of pleasure, to dress and keep it."~ 23 2, 1 | in four things, viz. ~"in pleasure, repose, the gifts of nature, 24 2, 1 | end in ~that thing, e.g. pleasure, it could place it in something 25 2, 1 | having placed his last end in pleasure, a ~man can at the same 26 2, 1 | far as they afford him ~pleasure or relaxation. But man's 27 2, 1 | their consummate good; some, pleasure; ~others, something else. 28 2, 1 | the best taste takes most ~pleasure. In like manner that good 29 2, 2 | the body?~(6) Whether in pleasure?~(7) Whether in any good 30 2, 2 | s happiness consists in pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[2] A[6] 31 2, 2 | s happiness consists in pleasure. For ~since happiness is 32 2, 2 | it. But this answers to pleasure more than to ~anything else: " 33 2, 2 | consists ~principally in pleasure and delight.~Aquin.: SMT 34 2, 2 | the last end. Now this is ~pleasure: and a sign of this is that 35 2, 2 | consists principally in pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[2] A[6] 36 2, 2 | supreme good, consists in pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[2] A[6] 37 2, 2 | generally known, "the ~name of pleasure has been appropriated to 38 2, 2 | Body Para. 2/2~But bodily pleasure cannot result from the perfect 39 2, 2 | sand." And therefore bodily pleasure is neither ~happiness itself, 40 2, 3 | contemplative life, or of a life of pleasure. And in this sense ~eternal 41 2, 6 | delight," or the lust of pleasure, "destroys the judgment 42 2, 8 | either ~of rectitude or of pleasure, is in the genus "quality," 43 2, 11 | their food and any bodily pleasure."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[11] A[ 44 2, 11 | such that we ought to find ~pleasure in them.~Aquin.: SMT FS 45 2, 17 | example the desire for pleasure in the act of taking food 46 2, 23 | apprehended as such, ~which causes pleasure or pain. But, since the 47 2, 25 | cease, because it ~produces pleasure instead of the previous 48 2, 25 | precedes its effect. But pleasure is sometimes ~the cause 49 2, 25 | some love on account of pleasure (Ethic. viii, ~3,4). Therefore 50 2, 25 | viii, ~3,4). Therefore pleasure precedes love; and consequently 51 2, 25 | and rest in good is joy or pleasure. Accordingly in this ~order, 52 2, 25 | desire, and desire precedes pleasure. But in the ~order of intention, 53 2, 25 | the reverse: because the pleasure intended ~causes desire 54 2, 25 | causes desire and love. For pleasure is the enjoyment of the 55 2, 25 | object is possessed, is pleasure: when it is not possessed, 56 2, 25 | union ~belongs to joy or pleasure, which follows desire. There 57 2, 25 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Pleasure causes love, in so far as 58 2, 26 | Desire and aversion; (3) Pleasure and ~sadness.~Aquin.: SMT 59 2, 26 | that which is ~founded on "pleasure," and that which is founded 60 2, 26 | is based on usefulness or pleasure, a man ~does indeed wish 61 2, 26 | good further to his ~own pleasure or use, the result is that 62 2, 27 | iniquity, some good is gained; ~pleasure, for instance, or money, 63 2, 27 | founded on ~usefulness or pleasure: because whatever is in 64 2, 27 | for its act; and it takes pleasure in its realization, if it ~ 65 2, 27 | loved for the ~sake of the pleasure they give. But pleasure 66 2, 27 | pleasure they give. But pleasure is a passion. Therefore ~ 67 2, 27 | man loves a thing for the pleasure it affords, his ~love is 68 2, 27 | love is indeed caused by pleasure; but that very pleasure 69 2, 27 | pleasure; but that very pleasure is caused, in ~its turn, 70 2, 27 | preceding love; for none takes pleasure save in that ~which is loved 71 2, 27 | love; both by reason of pleasure, ~because it causes pleasure; 72 2, 27 | pleasure, ~because it causes pleasure; and by reason of desire, 73 2, 28 | union. That is necessary to ~pleasure as being its cause; desire 74 2, 28 | causing ~him either to take pleasure in it, or in its good, when 75 2, 28 | present and ~possessed, pleasure or enjoyment ensues. But 76 2, 28 | 4]) desire, sadness and ~pleasure, and consequently all the 77 2, 29 | pain, more ~than he desires pleasure." But flight from pain pertains 78 2, 29 | hatred; while ~desire for pleasure belongs to love. Therefore 79 2, 29 | irrational animals refrain from pleasure for fear of ~the whip, as 80 2, 29 | Objection. For the love of ~pleasure is less than the love of 81 2, 29 | from pain more than we love pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[29] A[ 82 2, 30 | which is pleasant." Now pleasure is twofold, as we ~shall 83 2, 30 | the ~senses. The former pleasure seems to belong to soul 84 2, 30 | craving for this latter ~pleasure, since it belongs to the 85 2, 30 | caused by love, and tends to pleasure, ~both of which are passions 86 2, 30 | the good which gives ~pleasure to the senses is the common 87 2, 30 | the ~object of sensible pleasure causes love, inasmuch as, 88 2, 30 | to itself; and it causes ~pleasure, inasmuch as, when present, 89 2, 30 | species" ~from both love and pleasure. But concupiscences of this 90 2, 30 | and consequently takes pleasure in it: and concupiscence 91 2, 31 | CONSIDERED IN ITSELF [*Or, Pleasure] (EIGHT ARTICLES)~We must 92 2, 31 | called morose. Therefore pleasure is in ~time.~Aquin.: SMT 93 2, 31 | 4) that "no one takes ~pleasure according to time."~Aquin.: 94 2, 31 | pleasures. For all men seek some pleasure, ~according to the Philosopher ( 95 2, 31 | x, 7) that "the greatest pleasure is derived from the operation ~ 96 2, 31 | As stated above (A[1]), pleasure arises from union with a ~ 97 2, 31 | Wherefore from ~them also does pleasure arise, and not only from 98 2, 31 | three things needed for pleasure, viz. the good which is 99 2, 31 | because the objects of bodily pleasure are corruptible, and ~soon 100 2, 31 | senses. Because the greatest pleasure ~seems to be that without 101 2, 31 | an end. But such is the ~pleasure afforded by the sight, according 102 2, 31 | of heaven?" Therefore the pleasure afforded by the sight is 103 2, 31 | Therefore the greatest pleasure seems to be ~afforded by 104 2, 31 | is principally sight. But pleasure is the cause of such ~friendship. 105 2, 31 | Therefore the greatest pleasure seems to be afforded by 106 2, 31 | ad 1), ~everything gives pleasure according as it is loved. 107 2, 31 | Wherefore the senses ~afford pleasure in both these ways. But 108 2, 31 | we speak of that sensible pleasure by which reason of ~knowledge, 109 2, 31 | the sight affords greater pleasure than ~any other sense. On 110 2, 31 | we speak of that sensible pleasure ~which is by reason of usefulness, 111 2, 31 | usefulness, then the greatest pleasure is afforded ~by the touch. 112 2, 31 | not experience sensible ~pleasure save by reason of usefulness, 113 2, 31 | of usefulness, derive no pleasure from the other ~senses except 114 2, 31 | nor does the lion feel pleasure in the lowing of an ox, 115 2, 31 | Para. 3/3~Since then the pleasure afforded by touch is the 116 2, 31 | of ~usefulness, and the pleasure afforded by sight the greatest 117 2, 31 | he will find that the ~pleasure of touch is, absolutely 118 2, 31 | speaking, greater than the pleasure of ~sight, so far as the 119 2, 31 | the limits of sensible ~pleasure. Because it is evident that 120 2, 31 | stated above (A[3]), denotes pleasure of the soul; ~and this belongs 121 2, 31 | to the sight. But natural pleasure belongs ~principally to 122 2, 31 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Pleasure causes carnal love in one 123 2, 31 | sight, in ~another. For pleasure, especially that which is 124 2, 31 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether any pleasure is not natural?~Aquin.: 125 2, 31 | 1: It would seem that no pleasure is not natural. For pleasure 126 2, 31 | pleasure is not natural. For pleasure is to ~the emotions of the 127 2, 31 | animal appetite, which is pleasure, be ~elsewhere than in something 128 2, 31 | connatural. Therefore no pleasure is ~non-natural.~Aquin.: 129 2, 31 | which is ~unnatural can give pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[31] A[ 130 2, 31 | perceived, gives rise to pleasure, as is evident from the 131 2, 31 | natural ~end. Therefore every pleasure is natural.~Aquin.: SMT 132 2, 31 | is natural to man to take pleasure in contemplating the ~truth 133 2, 31 | said to ~afford man natural pleasure. Under each kind of pleasures, 134 2, 31 | temperament; ~thus some take pleasure in eating earth and coals 135 2, 31 | thus from custom some take pleasure in cannibalism or ~in the 136 2, 31 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether one pleasure can be contrary to another?~ 137 2, 31 | It would seem that one pleasure cannot be contrary to another. ~ 138 2, 31 | objects. Now the object of pleasure is the good. Since ~therefore 139 2, 31 | viii; it seems that one pleasure ~is not contrary to another.~ 140 2, 31 | But sadness is contrary to pleasure. Therefore pleasure is ~ 141 2, 31 | contrary to pleasure. Therefore pleasure is ~not contrary to pleasure.~ 142 2, 31 | pleasure is ~not contrary to pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[31] A[ 143 2, 31 | 1~OBJ 3: Further, if one pleasure is contrary to another, 144 2, 31 | of the things which give pleasure. But this ~difference is 145 2, 31 | contrariety between one ~pleasure and another.~Aquin.: SMT 146 2, 31 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Pleasure, in the emotions of the 147 2, 31 | emotions of the soul that one ~pleasure is contrary to another.~ 148 2, 31 | water. And in this way one pleasure ~can be contrary to another. 149 2, 31 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Pleasure, in the emotions of the 150 2, 31 | in Phys. v, 6. Wherefore pleasure is ~contrary to both to 151 2, 31 | contrary to both to another pleasure and to sadness.~Aquin.: 152 2, 31 | things in which we take pleasure, since they are the ~objects 153 2, 31 | they are the ~objects of pleasure, cause not only a material, 154 2, 32 | Para. 1/1 - OF THE CAUSE OF PLEASURE (EIGHT ARTICLES)~We must 155 2, 32 | now consider the causes of pleasure: and under this head there ~ 156 2, 32 | operation is the proper cause of pleasure?~(2) Whether movement is 157 2, 32 | Whether movement is a cause of pleasure?~(3) Whether hope and memory 158 2, 32 | Whether hope and memory cause pleasure?~(4) Whether sadness causes 159 2, 32 | Whether sadness causes pleasure?~(5) Whether the actions 160 2, 32 | of others are a cause of pleasure to us?~(6) Whether doing 161 2, 32 | to another is a cause of pleasure?~(7) Whether likeness is 162 2, 32 | Whether likeness is a cause of pleasure?~(8) Whether wonder is a 163 2, 32 | Whether wonder is a cause of pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 164 2, 32 | operation is the proper cause of pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 165 2, 32 | proper and first cause of ~pleasure. For, as the Philosopher 166 2, 32 | Philosopher says (Rhet. i, 11), "pleasure consists ~in a perception 167 2, 32 | knowledge is requisite for ~pleasure, as stated above (Q[31], 168 2, 32 | not ~the proper cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 169 2, 32 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, pleasure consists especially in an 170 2, 32 | proper and direct cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 171 2, 32 | and ~they are objects of pleasure (Rhet. i, 11). Therefore 172 2, 32 | not ~the proper cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 173 2, 32 | vii, 12,13; x, 4) that ~"pleasure is a connatural and uninterrupted 174 2, 32 | things are requisite ~for pleasure: namely, the attainment 175 2, 32 | suitable good. Wherefore every pleasure must needs be the ~result 176 2, 32 | alone, as when we take ~pleasure in thinking of or looking 177 2, 32 | knowledge; as when a man takes pleasure in knowing ~that he has 178 2, 32 | Polit. ii, 2) "we take great pleasure in looking ~upon a thing 179 2, 32 | it is evident that every pleasure is traced to some operation 180 2, 32 | Whether movement is a cause of pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 181 2, 32 | movement is not a cause of pleasure. Because, ~as stated above ( 182 2, 32 | possessed, is the cause of pleasure: wherefore the Philosopher 183 2, 32 | says ~(Ethic. vii, 12) that pleasure is not compared with generation, 184 2, 32 | movement is not ~a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 185 2, 32 | movement is not a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 186 2, 32 | movement is ~not a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 187 2, 32 | that man rejoices and takes pleasure in some kind ~of alterations: 188 2, 32 | movement seems to cause pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 189 2, 32 | things are requisite for pleasure; two, i.e. the ~one that 190 2, 32 | For as far as we who feel pleasure are concerned, change ~is 191 2, 32 | itself has something of pleasure. ~But it falls short of 192 2, 32 | short of the perfection of pleasure; because the more ~perfect 193 2, 32 | movement ~becomes the cause of pleasure, in so far as thereby something 194 2, 32 | not thus that it causes pleasure, but by removing ~the obstacles 195 2, 32 | the movement which ~gives pleasure is not that which departs 196 2, 32 | Whether hope and memory causes pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 197 2, 32 | memory and hope do not cause pleasure. Because ~pleasure is caused 198 2, 32 | cause pleasure. Because ~pleasure is caused by present good, 199 2, 32 | memory and hope do not cause ~pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 200 2, 32 | Therefore hope does not cause pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 201 2, 32 | just as hope agrees with pleasure in regarding good, so ~also 202 2, 32 | assigned as a cause ~of pleasure, any more than desire or 203 2, 32 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Pleasure is caused by the presence 204 2, 32 | therefore the ~greatest pleasure is that which arises from 205 2, 32 | second place belongs to the pleasure ~of hope, wherein there 206 2, 32 | third place belongs to the pleasure of ~memory, which has only 207 2, 32 | of a future good, causes pleasure; whereas, inasmuch as it ~ 208 2, 32 | concupiscence also cause pleasure. For everything ~that is 209 2, 32 | is chiefly a ~craving for pleasure. However hope, as implying 210 2, 32 | preference to them as causing pleasure; and ~also in preference 211 2, 32 | 1~Whether sadness causes pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 212 2, 32 | that sadness does not cause pleasure. For nothing ~causes its 213 2, 32 | But sadness is contrary to pleasure. Therefore ~it does not 214 2, 32 | when ~called to mind, cause pleasure. Therefore sad things, when 215 2, 32 | remembered, ~cause sorrow and not pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 216 2, 32 | Further, as sadness is to pleasure, so is hatred to love. But ~ 217 2, 32 | Therefore sadness does not cause pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 218 2, 32 | denotes the refreshment of pleasure. ~Therefore tears, which 219 2, 32 | arise from sadness, can give pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 220 2, 32 | ways sadness can ~cause pleasure. Because sadness, as actually 221 2, 32 | actually existing, causes pleasure, ~inasmuch as it brings 222 2, 32 | mere thought of it gives pleasure. The ~recollection of sadness 223 2, 32 | sadness becomes a cause of pleasure, on account of the ~deliverance 224 2, 32 | the accidental cause of ~pleasure, in so far as it gives rise 225 2, 32 | things, called to mind, cause pleasure, not in so far ~as they 226 2, 32 | of others are a cause of pleasure to us?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 227 2, 32 | others are not a cause of ~pleasure to us. Because the cause 228 2, 32 | us. Because the cause of pleasure is our own good when ~conjoined 229 2, 32 | they are not a cause of pleasure to us.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 230 2, 32 | of others are a cause of pleasure to us, for the same reason 231 2, 32 | that "we must reckon the ~pleasure which follows after action, 232 2, 32 | things are ~requisite for pleasure, namely, the attainment 233 2, 32 | action of another may ~cause pleasure to us in three ways. First, 234 2, 32 | for this reason men take ~pleasure in being praised or honored 235 2, 32 | hence men take greater pleasure in being praised and honored 236 2, 32 | greatness, ~through their giving pleasure to others. Thirdly, from 237 2, 32 | enemy becomes an object of pleasure: whence it is written (1 238 2, 32 | me something that gives ~pleasure; or they make me appreciate 239 2, 32 | to another is a cause of pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 240 2, 32 | another is not a cause of ~pleasure. Because pleasure is caused 241 2, 32 | cause of ~pleasure. Because pleasure is caused by one's obtaining 242 2, 32 | of sadness rather than of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 243 2, 32 | therefore everyone takes pleasure in a ~connatural operation, 244 2, 32 | others is not a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 245 2, 32 | But man ~takes a natural pleasure in certain kinds of ill-doing, 246 2, 32 | cause of sadness rather than pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 247 2, 32 | good to another may give pleasure in three ways. ~First, in 248 2, 32 | as being our own, we take pleasure in the ~good we do to others, 249 2, 32 | for hope is a cause of pleasure. Thirdly, in consideration 250 2, 32 | good to another, can give pleasure in respect ~of a threefold 251 2, 32 | share. Wherefore men take pleasure in their ~children, and 252 2, 32 | reason the liberal man takes pleasure in giving to others. The ~ 253 2, 32 | is the principal cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 254 2, 32 | Reply OBJ 1: Spending gives pleasure as showing forth one's good. 255 2, 32 | contradict, and to punish, give pleasure, ~not as tending to another' 256 2, 32 | it, afford the greatest ~pleasure: and speaking generally 257 2, 32 | contradict and to scold can give pleasure in two ~ways. First, as 258 2, 32 | another: for this gives one pleasure, as stated above. It is 259 2, 32 | Whether likeness is a cause of pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 260 2, 32 | likeness is not a cause of pleasure. Because ~ruling and presiding 261 2, 32 | it is ~natural to take pleasure in ruling and presiding," 262 2, 32 | likeness, is a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 263 2, 32 | nothing is more unlike pleasure than sorrow. But those ~ 264 2, 32 | likeness, is a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 265 2, 32 | certain delights, derive not ~pleasure but disgust from them; as 266 2, 32 | likeness is not a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 267 2, 32 | and love is the cause of pleasure. Therefore likeness is a 268 2, 32 | likeness is a cause ~of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 269 2, 32 | being one with us, causes pleasure; just at it causes love, 270 2, 32 | superfluous good or any bodily pleasure, ~causes disgust. Secondly, 271 2, 32 | OBJ 2: That which gives pleasure to the sorrowful man, though 272 2, 32 | the sorrowful man ~seeks pleasure as making for his own good, 273 2, 32 | animals naturally desire pleasure: because animals ever ~work 274 2, 32 | Whether wonder is a cause of pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 275 2, 32 | wonder is not a cause of pleasure. Because ~wonder is the 276 2, 32 | ignorance, is a cause of ~pleasure. Therefore wonder is not 277 2, 32 | wonder is not a cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 278 2, 32 | in the former not; while ~pleasure arises from an operation 279 2, 32 | hinders rather than causes pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 280 2, 32 | Further, everyone takes pleasure in what he is accustomed 281 2, 32 | contrary to the cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 282 2, 32 | wonder is the ~cause of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[32] A[ 283 2, 32 | loved, ~the greater the pleasure when it is attained: indeed 284 2, 32 | brings with it an increase of pleasure, according as it gives rise ~ 285 2, 32 | from hope is a cause of pleasure. Now ~wonder is a kind of 286 2, 32 | Consequently wonder ~is a cause of pleasure, in so far as it includes 287 2, 32 | themselves, give rise to pleasure; for the soul rejoices in 288 2, 32 | Reply OBJ 1: Wonder gives pleasure, not because it implies 289 2, 32 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Pleasure includes two things; rest 290 2, 32 | man takes the greatest ~pleasure in finding or learning things 291 2, 32 | operation causes more perfect pleasure.~ 292 2, 33 | 1/1 - OF THE EFFECTS OF PLEASURE (FOUR ARTICLES)~We must 293 2, 33 | consider the effects of pleasure; and under this head there ~ 294 2, 33 | expansion is an effect of pleasure?~(2) Whether pleasure causes 295 2, 33 | of pleasure?~(2) Whether pleasure causes thirst or desire 296 2, 33 | for itself?~(3) Whether pleasure hinders the use of reason?~( 297 2, 33 | use of reason?~(4) Whether pleasure perfects operation?~Aquin.: 298 2, 33 | expansion is an effect of pleasure?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[33] A[ 299 2, 33 | expansion is not an effect of pleasure. For ~expansion seems to 300 2, 33 | is exceeding broad." ~But pleasure is a distinct passion from 301 2, 33 | expansion is not ~an effect of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[33] A[ 302 2, 33 | to desire rather than to pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[33] A[ 303 2, 33 | contraction ~seems to belong to pleasure, for the hand closes on 304 2, 33 | expansion does not pertain to pleasure. ~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[33] A[ 305 2, 33 | be enlarged." ~Moreover pleasure is called by the name of " 306 2, 33 | breadth; and it belongs ~to pleasure in respect of the two things 307 2, 33 | two things requisite for pleasure. One of ~these is on the 308 2, 33 | magnified or expanded by pleasure. The other requisite for 309 2, 33 | The other requisite for pleasure ~is on the part of the appetitive 310 2, 33 | affection is expanded by pleasure, as ~though it surrendered 311 2, 33 | itself the object of its ~pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[33] A[ 312 2, 33 | hand expansion ~pertains to pleasure, in so far as a thing becomes 313 2, 33 | when it is already taking pleasure in it, than when ~it desires 314 2, 33 | before possessing it; since pleasure is the end of desire.~Aquin.: 315 2, 33 | Reply OBJ 3: He that takes pleasure in a thing holds it fast, 316 2, 33 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pleasure causes thirst or desire 317 2, 33 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pleasure does not cause desire for 318 2, 33 | when repose is reached. But pleasure is, as ~it were, a certain 319 2, 33 | movement of desire ceases when ~pleasure is reached. Therefore pleasure 320 2, 33 | pleasure is reached. Therefore pleasure does not cause desire.~Aquin.: 321 2, 33 | cause its contrary. But pleasure is, ~in a way, contrary 322 2, 33 | not yet possessed, whereas pleasure regards the ~good that is 323 2, 33 | is possessed. Therefore pleasure does not cause desire for ~ 324 2, 33 | incompatible with desire. But pleasure often ~causes distaste. 325 2, 33 | Para. 1/4~I answer that, Pleasure can be considered in two 326 2, 33 | as existing in reality, pleasure does not of itself cause ~ 327 2, 33 | not possessed: ~because pleasure is an emotion of the appetite 328 2, 33 | successively, and while taking ~pleasure in what one has, one desires 329 2, 33 | 4~Lastly, if we consider pleasure, not as existing in reality, 330 2, 33 | when he experienced the pleasure that is ~past. But if he 331 2, 33 | disposition, the memory of that ~pleasure does not give him pleasure, 332 2, 33 | pleasure does not give him pleasure, but distaste: for instance, 333 2, 33 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: When pleasure is perfect, then it includes 334 2, 33 | the object of desire and pleasure at the same time.~Aquin.: 335 2, 33 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pleasure hinders the use of reason?~ 336 2, 33 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pleasure does not hinder the use 337 2, 33 | her," i.e. wisdom. But ~pleasure is a kind of repose. Therefore 338 2, 33 | hinder one another. But pleasure is in the appetitive ~faculty, 339 2, 33 | apprehensive power. Therefore ~pleasure does not hinder the use 340 2, 33 | apprehensive power moves pleasure ~rather than is moved by 341 2, 33 | because it is the cause of pleasure. ~Therefore pleasure does 342 2, 33 | of pleasure. ~Therefore pleasure does not hinder the use 343 2, 33 | says (Ethic. vi, 5), that "pleasure ~destroys the estimate of 344 2, 33 | Accordingly there is a certain pleasure that is ~taken in the very 345 2, 33 | reason, as when one takes pleasure in ~contemplating or in 346 2, 33 | or in reasoning: and such pleasure does not hinder the act ~ 347 2, 33 | doing that ~which gives us pleasure, and attention fosters activity.~ 348 2, 33 | and thus if the bodily ~pleasure be great, either it entirely 349 2, 33 | reason: in ~so far as bodily pleasure is followed by a certain 350 2, 33 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Bodily pleasure implies indeed repose of 351 2, 33 | appetite in ~the object of pleasure; which repose is sometimes 352 2, 33 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pleasure perfects operation?~Aquin.: 353 2, 33 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pleasure does not perfect operation. 354 2, 33 | on the use of reason. But pleasure hinders the ~use of reason, 355 2, 33 | above (A[3]). Therefore pleasure does not ~perfect, but weakens 356 2, 33 | itself or its cause. But pleasure is an ~operation (Ethic. 357 2, 33 | in its ~cause. Therefore pleasure does not perfect operation.~ 358 2, 33 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, if pleasure perfects operation, it does 359 2, 33 | sought for the sake of pleasure, but rather the reverse, 360 2, 33 | the operation that ~causes pleasure: nor again as form, because, 361 2, 33 | Philosopher ~(Ethic. x, 4), "pleasure does not perfect operation, 362 2, 33 | habit does." ~Therefore pleasure does not perfect operation.~ 363 2, 33 | says (Ethic. x, 4) that "pleasure ~perfects operation."~Aquin.: 364 2, 33 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Pleasure perfects operation in two 365 2, 33 | says (Ethic. ~x, 4) that "pleasure perfects operation . . . 366 2, 33 | added another good, which is pleasure, denoting the repose of 367 2, 33 | says (Ethic. x, 4) that "pleasure perfects ~operation, not 368 2, 33 | the agent, through taking pleasure ~in his action, is more 369 2, 33 | Reply OBJ 1: It is not every pleasure that hinders the act of 370 2, 33 | reason, ~but only bodily pleasure; for this arises, not from 371 2, 33 | which act is intensified ~by pleasure. On the contrary, pleasure 372 2, 33 | pleasure. On the contrary, pleasure that arises from the act 373 2, 33 | is the efficient cause of pleasure, while pleasure ~perfects 374 2, 33 | cause of pleasure, while pleasure ~perfects operation by way 375 2, 34 | inquiry:~(1) Whether every pleasure is evil?~(2) If not, whether 376 2, 34 | 2) If not, whether every pleasure is good?~(3) Whether any 377 2, 34 | is good?~(3) Whether any pleasure is the greatest good?~(4) 378 2, 34 | greatest good?~(4) Whether pleasure is the measure or rule by 379 2, 34 | Para. 1/1~Whether every pleasure is evil?~Aquin.: SMT FS 380 2, 34 | It would seem that every pleasure is evil. For that which ~ 381 2, 34 | says (Div. Nom. iv). But pleasure destroys prudence and hinders 382 2, 34 | so much the more, as the pleasure is greater: wherefore ~" 383 2, 34 | conjugal duty." ~Therefore pleasure is evil in itself; and consequently 384 2, 34 | and consequently every pleasure is ~evil.~Aquin.: SMT FS 385 2, 34 | there is no virtue, seek pleasure: whereas the man who is 386 2, 34 | But no art is ordained to pleasure. Therefore ~pleasure is 387 2, 34 | to pleasure. Therefore ~pleasure is not something good.~Aquin.: 388 2, 34 | it seems that not every ~pleasure is evil.~Aquin.: SMT FS 389 2, 34 | have maintained that ~all pleasure is evil. The reason seems 390 2, 34 | virtue by abstaining from ~pleasure. But they were wrong in 391 2, 34 | some sensible and bodily pleasure, if they who ~teach that 392 2, 34 | found in the act of taking ~pleasure; men will be more inclined 393 2, 34 | will be more inclined to pleasure by following the example ~ 394 2, 34 | that some are ~evil. For pleasure is a repose of the appetitive 395 2, 34 | which a ~man reposes with pleasure. For good and evil in the 396 2, 34 | moral order, there is a good pleasure, whereby the ~higher or 397 2, 34 | with reason; ~and an evil pleasure, whereby the appetite rests 398 2, 34 | reason, which makes the pleasure morally bad; or by fettering 399 2, 34 | intercourse, though the pleasure be in accord ~with reason, 400 2, 34 | change. But in this case the pleasure is not morally ~evil; as 401 2, 34 | of the reason through the pleasure of conjugal ~intercourse 402 2, 34 | there is an art of making ~pleasure, namely, "the art of cookery 403 2, 34 | Para. 1/1~Whether every pleasure is good?~Aquin.: SMT FS 404 2, 34 | It would seem that every pleasure is good. Because as stated 405 2, 34 | good. Therefore also every pleasure is good.~Aquin.: SMT FS 406 2, 34 | stated in Ethic. i, 6,7. But pleasure is not sought ~for the sake 407 2, 34 | to be pleased. Therefore pleasure is good in itself. Now that 408 2, 34 | universally. Therefore every pleasure is good.~Aquin.: SMT FS 409 2, 34 | everyone seeks some kind of pleasure, even children and dumb 410 2, 34 | dumb animals. ~Therefore pleasure is good in itself: and consequently 411 2, 34 | itself: and consequently all pleasure is ~good.~Aquin.: SMT FS 412 2, 34 | the Epicureans held that pleasure is good in itself, and that ~ 413 2, 34 | esteemed suitable. And since pleasure is the repose of the appetite 414 2, 34 | which is good simply, the ~pleasure will be pleasure simply, 415 2, 34 | simply, the ~pleasure will be pleasure simply, and good simply. 416 2, 34 | particular man, then his pleasure will not be pleasure simply, 417 2, 34 | his pleasure will not be pleasure simply, but a ~pleasure 418 2, 34 | pleasure simply, but a ~pleasure to him; neither will it 419 2, 34 | Consequently not ~every object of pleasure is good in the moral order 420 2, 34 | Reply OBJ 2: The reason why pleasure is not sought for the sake 421 2, 34 | and so too with regard to ~pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[34] A[ 422 2, 34 | Reply OBJ 3: All things seek pleasure in the same way as they 423 2, 34 | as they seek good: ~since pleasure is the repose of the appetite 424 2, 34 | verily ~good; so not every pleasure is of itself and verily 425 2, 34 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether any pleasure is the greatest good?~Aquin.: 426 2, 34 | 1: It would seem that no pleasure is the greatest good. Because ~ 427 2, 34 | cannot be the ~last end. But pleasure is a consequence of generation: 428 2, 34 | fact that ~a thing takes pleasure is due to its being established 429 2, 34 | 31], A[1]). Therefore no pleasure is the greatest good.~Aquin.: 430 2, 34 | better by ~addition. But pleasure is made better by addition; 431 2, 34 | better by addition; since pleasure ~together with virtue is 432 2, 34 | with virtue is better than pleasure without virtue. Therefore ~ 433 2, 34 | without virtue. Therefore ~pleasure is not the greatest good.~ 434 2, 34 | is such accidentally. But pleasure is not ~universally good, 435 2, 34 | above (A[2]). Therefore pleasure is not the ~greatest good.~ 436 2, 34 | Happiness is not without pleasure: for it is written (Ps. ~ 437 2, 34 | some evil; yet, ~so that no pleasure be the sovereign or greatest 438 2, 34 | that sensible and bodily pleasure consists in a certain movement 439 2, 34 | he ~concluded that all pleasure arises from some "becoming" 440 2, 34 | imperfect, it would follow that pleasure is not of the nature of 441 2, 34 | pleasures: because one takes pleasure, not only in the ~"becoming" 442 2, 34 | which implies a certain ~pleasure in the last end. And in 443 2, 34 | in this sense a certain pleasure of man may ~be said to be 444 2, 34 | 1~Reply OBJ 1: Not every pleasure arises from a "becoming"; 445 2, 34 | Accordingly ~nothing prevents some pleasure being the greatest good, 446 2, 34 | greatest good, although every ~pleasure is not such.~Aquin.: SMT 447 2, 34 | Moreover it ~might be said that pleasure is not something extraneous 448 2, 34 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: That pleasure is the greatest good is 449 2, 34 | the mere ~fact that it is pleasure, but to the fact that it 450 2, 34 | does not follow that every pleasure is ~supremely good, or even 451 2, 34 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pleasure is the measure or rule by 452 2, 34 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pleasure is not the measure or rule 453 2, 34 | rest" (Metaph. x, 1). But pleasure is not the first thing in 454 2, 34 | and some evil. Therefore pleasure is not the ~measure and 455 2, 34 | of goodness or malice of pleasure: because "those pleasures ~ 456 2, 34 | care and thought is the ~pleasure which each one aims at achieving." 457 2, 34 | Ethic. vii, 11) that "pleasure is the architect," i.e. 458 2, 34 | appetite in the good is pleasure. And therefore man is reckoned 459 2, 34 | chiefly according to the pleasure of the human will; since ~ 460 2, 34 | and virtuous, who takes pleasure in the works of virtue; ~ 461 2, 34 | that man evil, who takes pleasure in evil works.~Aquin.: SMT 462 2, 34 | will of the ~good man takes pleasure in them in accordance with 463 2, 34 | Love and desire precede pleasure in the order of ~generation. 464 2, 34 | order of ~generation. But pleasure precedes them in the order 465 2, 34 | good: and in this respect pleasure ~can be a rule or measure. 466 2, 34 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Since pleasure perfects operation as its 467 2, 34 | good, unless there ~be also pleasure in good: because the goodness 468 2, 34 | way, the goodness of the pleasure is the cause of ~goodness 469 2, 35 | sorrow or pain is contrary in pleasure?~(4) Whether all sorrow 470 2, 35 | sorrow is contrary to all pleasure?~(5) Whether there is a 471 2, 35 | a sorrow contrary to the pleasure of contemplation?~(6) Whether 472 2, 35 | to be shunned more than pleasure is to be sought?~(7) Whether 473 2, 35 | things are requisite for pleasure; namely, ~conjunction with 474 2, 35 | conjoined, cannot ~cause pleasure or pain. Whence it is evident 475 2, 35 | evil is the object of the pleasure or pain. But good ~and evil, 476 2, 35 | Consequently it is clear ~that pleasure and pain belong to the appetite.~ 477 2, 35 | 103], AA[1],3. Since then pleasure and pain presuppose some ~ 478 2, 35 | evident that pain, like ~pleasure, is in the intellective 479 2, 35 | the same way as for bodily pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 480 2, 35 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Pleasure and pain can arise from 481 2, 35 | conversely. Consequently that pleasure alone which ~is caused by 482 2, 35 | sorrow. And just as that pleasure which ~is caused by an exterior 483 2, 35 | apprehension, is called pleasure but not joy; so ~too that 484 2, 35 | as joy is ~a species of pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 485 2, 35 | cognizant animal, takes ~pleasure in the objects of the other 486 2, 35 | whereas ~other animals take no pleasure in them save as referable 487 2, 35 | is ~contrary to natural pleasure: but rather of sorrow, which 488 2, 35 | the part ~of the objects, pleasure extends further than does 489 2, 35 | sorrow or pain is contrary to pleasure? ~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 490 2, 35 | sorrow is not contrary to pleasure. For one of ~two contraries 491 2, 35 | sorrow can be the cause ~of pleasure; for it is written (Mt. 492 2, 35 | some, ~pain or sorrow gives pleasure: thus Augustine says (Confess. 493 2, 35 | stage-plays sorrow itself gives pleasure: and (Confess. iv, 5) that ~" 494 2, 35 | pain is not contrary to pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 495 2, 35 | sorrow can be the matter of ~pleasure; for Augustine says (De 496 2, 35 | been ~pleased." Therefore pleasure and pain are not contrary 497 2, 35 | are contraries. Therefore pleasure and sorrow are contrary 498 2, 35 | Consequently, since the ~objects of pleasure and sorrow or pain, viz. 499 2, 35 | it follows that pain and pleasure are ~contrary to one another.~ 500 2, 35 | sorrow can be the cause of pleasure. In one way, ~in so far


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