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Alphabetical    [«  »]
sore 1
sorely 1
sores 2
sorrow 1083
sorrowed 1
sorrowful 46
sorrowfully 4
Frequency    [«  »]
1091 apostle
1087 creatures
1084 understood
1083 sorrow
1076 anything
1076 her
1074 sacraments
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

sorrow

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1083

     Part, Question
1 1, 20 | 2: Further, love, anger, sorrow and the like, are mutually 2 1, 20 | against one another. But sorrow and anger are not attributed 3 1, 20 | instance, ~joy is prior to sorrow, love to hate: because what 4 1, 20 | Similarly, it is clear that ~sorrow, and other things like to 5 1, 20 | good we have not, and in sorrow, which is ~about the evil 6 1, 20 | to anger, which supposes ~sorrow. Certain other passions, 7 1, 21 | For mercy is a ~kind of sorrow, as Damascene says (De Fide 8 1, 21 | ii, 14). But there is no ~sorrow in God; and therefore there 9 1, 21 | cor]; being affected with ~sorrow at the misery of another 10 1, 21 | the effect of mercy. To sorrow, therefore, over the ~misery 11 1, 64 | Para. 1/1~Whether there is sorrow in the demons?~Aquin.: SMT 12 1, 64 | would seem that there is no sorrow in the demons. For since ~ 13 1, 64 | in the demons. For since ~sorrow and joy are opposites, they 14 1, 64 | Therefore there is no sorrow in the demons.~Aquin.: SMT 15 1, 64 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sorrow is the cause of fear, for 16 1, 64 | are future, which cause sorrow when they are present. But ~ 17 1, 64 | But man is ~punished with sorrow on account of the pleasure 18 1, 64 | delicacies, so much torment and sorrow give ye to her." Consequently 19 1, 64 | punished with the grief of sorrow, because he ~especially 20 1, 64 | 1/1~I answer that, Fear, sorrow, joy, and the like, so far 21 1, 64 | must be said that there is sorrow in them; because sorrow, ~ 22 1, 64 | sorrow in them; because sorrow, ~as denoting a simple act 23 1, 64 | are saved. Consequently, sorrow must be said to exist in 24 1, 64 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Joy and sorrow about the same thing are 25 1, 64 | another; especially so far as sorrow ~and joy imply simple acts 26 1, 64 | Reply OBJ 2: As there is sorrow in the demons over present 27 1, 64 | Civ. ~Dei xix, 13), that "sorrow for good lost by punishment, 28 1, 77 | OBJ 5: Further, joy and sorrow are in the concupiscible 29 1, 77 | 5: In the separate soul, sorrow and joy are not in the ~ 30 1, 65 | Para. 1/1~Whether there is sorrow in the demons?~Aquin.: SMT 31 1, 65 | would seem that there is no sorrow in the demons. For since ~ 32 1, 65 | in the demons. For since ~sorrow and joy are opposites, they 33 1, 65 | Therefore there is no sorrow in the demons.~Aquin.: SMT 34 1, 65 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sorrow is the cause of fear, for 35 1, 65 | are future, which cause sorrow when they are present. But ~ 36 1, 65 | But man is ~punished with sorrow on account of the pleasure 37 1, 65 | delicacies, so much torment and sorrow give ye to her." Consequently 38 1, 65 | punished with the grief of sorrow, because he ~especially 39 1, 65 | 1/1~I answer that, Fear, sorrow, joy, and the like, so far 40 1, 65 | must be said that there is sorrow in them; because sorrow, ~ 41 1, 65 | sorrow in them; because sorrow, ~as denoting a simple act 42 1, 65 | are saved. Consequently, sorrow must be said to exist in 43 1, 65 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Joy and sorrow about the same thing are 44 1, 65 | another; especially so far as sorrow ~and joy imply simple acts 45 1, 65 | Reply OBJ 2: As there is sorrow in the demons over present 46 1, 65 | Civ. ~Dei xix, 13), that "sorrow for good lost by punishment, 47 1, 76 | OBJ 5: Further, joy and sorrow are in the concupiscible 48 1, 76 | 5: In the separate soul, sorrow and joy are not in the ~ 49 1, 88 | visited, nor consoled in sorrow by his mother, as when she 50 1, 88 | they do not suffer from sorrow, nor do they interfere in 51 1, 94 | what is evil, as ~fear and sorrow. And since in the primitive 52 1, 94 | its object; such as fear, sorrow, and ~the like; neither 53 1, 94 | instance, penance, which is sorrow for sin ~committed; and 54 1, 94 | committed; and mercy, which is sorrow for others' unhappiness; 55 1, 94 | others' unhappiness; because ~sorrow, guilt, and unhappiness 56 1, 94 | passion; such as fear and sorrow. But passions which ~relate 57 1, 94 | which relates ~not only to sorrow, but also to joy; and fortitude, 58 1, 94 | but not as ~moderating sorrow and fear.~Aquin.: SMT FP 59 1, 112 | weeping is a sign of grief and sorrow. Therefore angels ~grieve 60 1, 112 | De Civ. Dei xiv, 15), "sorrow is ~for those things that 61 1, 112 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, as sorrow is contrary to joy, so penance 62 1, 112 | Where there is grief and sorrow, there is not perfect ~happiness: 63 1, 112 | mourning, nor crying, nor sorrow." But the angels are perfectly ~ 64 1, 112 | inflicted on men. For grief and sorrow, according to Augustine ( 65 2, 5 | of losing it, or with the sorrow of knowing that ~he will 66 2, 22 | is for the better: hence sorrow ~is more properly a passion 67 2, 23 | are followed by joy or ~sorrow." But joy and sorrow are 68 2, 23 | or ~sorrow." But joy and sorrow are in the concupiscible 69 2, 23 | power; for instance, joy, ~sorrow, love, hatred, and such 70 2, 23 | love and hatred, ~joy and sorrow. Therefore the same applies 71 2, 23 | avoidance or dislike, and sorrow. Wherefore, in ~the concupiscible 72 2, 23 | in respect of evil, is ~"sorrow" or "sadness."~Aquin.: SMT 73 2, 24 | and of "envy" which is sorrow for ~another's good: for 74 2, 31 | remedies for many kinds of sorrow and sadness: and ~since 75 2, 32 | when remembered, ~cause sorrow and not pleasure.~Aquin.: 76 2, 32 | from that which caused him sorrow and pain, so much reason 77 2, 32 | more unlike pleasure than sorrow. But those ~who are burdened 78 2, 32 | those ~who are burdened by sorrow are most inclined to seek 79 2, 32 | man, though it ~be unlike sorrow, bears some likeness to 80 2, 32 | which have ~no contrary sorrow, as we shall state later 81 2, 32 | in order to drive away sorrow: because ~his "body is corroded 82 2, 32 | gives rise to disgust and sorrow, through being contrary 83 2, 35 | Para. 1/2 - OF PAIN OR SORROW, IN ITSELF (EIGHT ARTICLES)~ 84 2, 35 | now to consider pain and sorrow: concerning which we must ~ 85 2, 35 | which we must ~consider: (1) Sorrow or pain in itself; (2) Its 86 2, 35 | of the soul?~(2) Whether sorrow is the same as pain?~(3) 87 2, 35 | same as pain?~(3) Whether sorrow or pain is contrary in pleasure?~( 88 2, 35 | pleasure?~(4) Whether all sorrow is contrary to all pleasure?~( 89 2, 35 | 5) Whether there is a sorrow contrary to the pleasure 90 2, 35 | contemplation?~(6) Whether sorrow is to be shunned more than 91 2, 35 | interior?~(8) Of the species of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 92 2, 35 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow is the same as pain?~Aquin.: 93 2, 35 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow is not pain. For Augustine 94 2, 35 | bodily suffering." But ~sorrow is used more in reference 95 2, 35 | reference to the soul. Therefore sorrow is not ~pain.~Aquin.: SMT 96 2, 35 | respect of present evil. But sorrow can ~refer to both past 97 2, 35 | evil: thus repentance is sorrow for the ~past, and anxiety 98 2, 35 | for the future. Therefore sorrow is quite different ~from 99 2, 35 | the sense of touch. ~But sorrow can arise from all the senses. 100 2, 35 | all the senses. Therefore sorrow is not pain, and extends 101 2, 35 | Rm. 9:2): "I have great sorrow ~[Douay: 'sadness'] and 102 2, 35 | continual pain [Douay: 'sorrow'] in my heart," ~thus denoting 103 2, 35 | denoting the same thing by sorrow and pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS 104 2, 35 | apprehension, is called sorrow. And just as that pleasure 105 2, 35 | called pain ~indeed but not sorrow. Accordingly sorrow is a 106 2, 35 | not sorrow. Accordingly sorrow is a species of pain, as 107 2, 35 | and future. ~Consequently sorrow can regard present, past 108 2, 35 | pleasure: but rather of sorrow, which is contrary to ~joy. 109 2, 35 | then it is contrasted with sorrow, according to the ~distinction 110 2, 35 | then it is the genus of sorrow, as stated ~above.~Aquin.: 111 2, 35 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow or pain is contrary to pleasure? ~ 112 2, 35 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow is not contrary to pleasure. 113 2, 35 | cause of the other. But sorrow can be the cause ~of pleasure; 114 2, 35 | other. But to some, ~pain or sorrow gives pleasure: thus Augustine 115 2, 35 | 2) that ~in stage-plays sorrow itself gives pleasure: and ( 116 2, 35 | cannot co-exist together. But sorrow can be the matter of ~pleasure; 117 2, 35 | The penitent should ever ~sorrow, and rejoice in his sorrow." 118 2, 35 | sorrow, and rejoice in his sorrow." The Philosopher too says ( 119 2, 35 | things we wish: and that sorrow is the ~volition of dissent 120 2, 35 | Therefore pleasure and sorrow are contrary to one ~another.~ 121 2, 35 | objects of pleasure and sorrow or pain, viz. present good 122 2, 35 | accidentally: and thus sorrow can be the cause of pleasure. 123 2, 35 | way, ~in so far as from sorrow at the absence of something, 124 2, 35 | good or evil. In this way sorrow can be the matter of pleasure, ~ 125 2, 35 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether all sorrow is contrary to all pleasure?~ 126 2, 35 | It would seem that all sorrow is contrary to all pleasure. ~ 127 2, 35 | color, ~so pleasure and sorrow are contrary species of 128 2, 35 | Therefore pleasure and sorrow are so too.~Aquin.: SMT 129 2, 35 | remedy for all manner of sorrow, as the Philosopher ~declares ( 130 2, 35 | pleasure is contrary to every ~sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 131 2, 35 | one another. But every ~sorrow hinders any kind of pleasure: 132 2, 35 | x, 5. ~Therefore every sorrow is contrary to every pleasure.~ 133 2, 35 | joy ~for one thing, and sorrow for the opposite thing, 134 2, 35 | 15). Therefore not every ~sorrow is contrary to every pleasure.~ 135 2, 35 | A[4] Body Para. 3/3~Now sorrow and pleasure, being passions, 136 2, 35 | Ethic. vi, 2). Consequently sorrow and pleasure in respect 137 2, 35 | to one another: whereas sorrow and ~pleasure in respect 138 2, 35 | disparate; for ~instance, sorrow at the death of a friend, 139 2, 35 | another, then ~pleasure and sorrow are not only specifically 140 2, 35 | rejoice ~in good and to sorrow for evil.~Aquin.: SMT FS 141 2, 35 | extrinsic, as pleasure and sorrow do: ~wherefore the comparison 142 2, 35 | above that pleasure and sorrow are generically contrary 143 2, 35 | another. Consequently in every sorrow the subject has a disposition ~ 144 2, 35 | possesses, and in ~every sorrow, as avoiding it. And therefore 145 2, 35 | a remedy for any kind of sorrow, and every sorrow is a ~ 146 2, 35 | kind of sorrow, and every sorrow is a ~hindrance of all manner 147 2, 35 | pleasure is opposed ~to sorrow specifically.~Aquin.: SMT 148 2, 35 | that, although not every sorrow is specifically contrary 149 2, 35 | 1/1~Whether there is any sorrow contrary to the pleasure 150 2, 35 | would seem that there is a sorrow that is contrary to the ~ 151 2, 35 | says (2 Cor. 7:10): "The ~sorrow that is according to God, 152 2, 35 | 4). Therefore there is a sorrow contrary to the pleasure 153 2, 35 | other contrary will ~give sorrow: and so there will be a 154 2, 35 | and so there will be a sorrow contrary to the pleasure 155 2, 35 | good, so the object of ~sorrow is evil. But contemplation 156 2, 35 | certain things." ~Therefore sorrow can be contrary to the pleasure 157 2, 35 | contemplation there ~can be a sorrow contrary to the pleasure.~ 158 2, 35 | the flesh is a cause of sorrow. But, as it ~is written ( 159 2, 35 | contemplation admits of sorrow contrary to its pleasure.~ 160 2, 35 | contemplation. Therefore there is no sorrow contrary to the pleasure 161 2, 35 | way, ~nothing hinders some sorrow being contrary to the pleasure 162 2, 35 | De Nat. Hom. xviii.], "no sorrow is contrary to that pleasure ~ 163 2, 35 | speaking. The reason is because sorrow is of itself contrary to ~ 164 2, 35 | in heat is contrary to ~sorrow caused by cold. But there 165 2, 35 | speaking, there cannot be a sorrow contrary to the pleasure 166 2, 35 | contemplation. Nor has it any sorrow annexed to it, as bodily 167 2, 35 | 4~Accidentally, however, sorrow is mingled with the pleasure 168 2, 35 | On the part of an ~organ, sorrow or pain is mingled with 169 2, 35 | above (A[4]): while pain or ~sorrow caused by bodily weariness, 170 2, 35 | Accordingly it is evident that no ~sorrow is contrary to pleasure 171 2, 35 | contemplation; ~nor is any sorrow connected with it save accidentally.~ 172 2, 35 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: The "sorrow which is according to God," 173 2, 35 | 4 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 4: Sorrow caused by a hindrance to 174 2, 35 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow is to be shunned more than 175 2, 35 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow is to be shunned more than 176 2, 35 | nobody that ~does not shun sorrow more than he seeks pleasure." 177 2, 35 | is natural and right ~for sorrow to be shunned more than 178 2, 35 | 12). But the shunning of sorrow is due to ~the contrariety 179 2, 35 | contrariety of the cause of sorrow; whereas the desire for 180 2, 35 | pleasant object. Therefore sorrow is shunned more eagerly 181 2, 35 | the movement of shunning sorrow, is more ~virtuous than 182 2, 35 | the movement of shunning sorrow ~is more eager than the 183 2, 35 | whereas the shunning of sorrow is on account of evil. Therefore 184 2, 35 | eager than the shunning of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 185 2, 35 | eager than the ~shunning of sorrow. The reason of this is that 186 2, 35 | while the cause of pain or sorrow is an unsuitable evil. ~ 187 2, 35 | entire and perfect: ~whereas sorrow is always partial. Therefore 188 2, 35 | greater than the shunning of sorrow. Another reason is because ~ 189 2, 35 | which is the object of sorrow, is to be shunned as ~being 190 2, 35 | pleasure than in shunning sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 191 2, 35 | accidentally that a man shuns sorrow more eagerly than he ~seeks 192 2, 35 | the lack of what ~we love, sorrow results, which is caused 193 2, 35 | the cause of pleasure and sorrow, the latter is more the 194 2, 35 | the part of the cause of sorrow or pain, ~which cause is 195 2, 35 | effect: namely, in so far as sorrow ~hinders not only one pleasure, 196 2, 35 | saying of Augustine that "sorrow is shunned more than ~pleasure 197 2, 35 | more to ~be sought than sorrow is to be shunned. But the 198 2, 35 | overcome by any kind of sorrow or pain whatever, but ~because 199 2, 35 | death. And this kind of sorrow is more shunned, than pleasures 200 2, 35 | is greater than interior sorrow?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 201 2, 35 | is greater than interior sorrow ~of the heart. Because outward 202 2, 35 | is life: whereas interior sorrow is ~caused by some evil 203 2, 35 | is greater than interior sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 204 2, 35 | contrary; whereas inward sorrow arises from the apprehended 205 2, 35 | pain is greater than inward sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 206 2, 35 | outward pain than of ~interior sorrow. Therefore outward pain 207 2, 35 | shunned more ~than interior sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 208 2, 35 | are only four species of sorrow?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 209 2, 35 | Orth. ii, 14) division of ~sorrow into four species is incorrect; 210 2, 35 | pity," and "envy." For sorrow is contrary to pleasure. 211 2, 35 | assign different species of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 212 2, 35 | Repentance" is a species of sorrow; and so are ~"indignation" 213 2, 35 | Nat. Hom. xix.] "torpor is sorrow ~depriving of speech; anxiety 214 2, 35 | of speech; anxiety is the sorrow that weighs down; envy is ~ 215 2, 35 | that weighs down; envy is ~sorrow for another's good; pity 216 2, 35 | another's good; pity is sorrow for another's wrongs." But 217 2, 35 | is possible for one to sorrow for another's wrongs, and 218 2, 35 | speaking, the species of sorrow are ~reckoned by an application 219 2, 35 | application of the notion of sorrow to something foreign ~to 220 2, 35 | For the proper object of sorrow is "one's own ~evil." Hence 221 2, 35 | one's own ~evil." Hence sorrow may be concerned for an 222 2, 35 | we ~have "pity" which is sorrow for another's evil, considered, 223 2, 35 | envy." The proper effect of sorrow consists in a ~certain " 224 2, 35 | element in the ~effect of sorrow, may be taken so as to affect 225 2, 35 | into several species as sorrow is; for the ~latter is caused 226 2, 35 | is the proper ~object of sorrow: wherefore it does not belong 227 2, 35 | to which the notion of ~sorrow is applied, as stated above.~ 228 2, 36 | 1/1 - OF THE CAUSES OF SORROW OR PAIN (FOUR ARTICLES)~ 229 2, 36 | now consider the causes of sorrow: under which head there 230 2, 36 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether sorrow is caused by the loss of 231 2, 36 | Whether desire is a cause of sorrow?~(3) Whether the craving 232 2, 36 | for unity is a cause of sorrow?~(4) Whether an irresistible 233 2, 36 | irresistible power is a cause of sorrow?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 234 2, 36 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow is caused by the loss of 235 2, 36 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow is caused by the loss of 236 2, 36 | QQ. Dulcit. ~qu. 1) that sorrow is caused by the loss of 237 2, 36 | in ~like manner, every sorrow is caused by the loss of 238 2, 36 | above (Q[35], A[4]) that the sorrow which ~is contrary to a 239 2, 36 | Q[35], A[3]). Therefore sorrow is caused chiefly by the 240 2, 36 | love is ~the cause of sorrow, as of the other emotions 241 2, 36 | good. Therefore pain or sorrow is felt for the loss of 242 2, 36 | present evil is the cause of sorrow."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 243 2, 36 | that, in this respect, to sorrow for the loss of good, ~would 244 2, 36 | would be the same as to sorrow for the presence of evil. 245 2, 36 | the presence of evil. But sorrow is a ~movement of the appetite 246 2, 36 | movements of the appetite, sorrow is a kind ~of flight or 247 2, 36 | as its proper object, ~so sorrow regards the evil that is 248 2, 36 | the cause of pleasure and sorrow, regards good rather than 249 2, 36 | more properly the cause of sorrow or pain, than the good which 250 2, 36 | thing is the object of ~sorrow. Now one contrary includes 251 2, 36 | x, 4: and consequently sorrow in respect of one contrary 252 2, 36 | Whether desire is a cause of sorrow?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 253 2, 36 | is not a cause of pain or sorrow. ~Because sorrow of itself 254 2, 36 | pain or sorrow. ~Because sorrow of itself regards evil, 255 2, 36 | is not a cause of pain or sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 256 2, 36 | Therefore desire is a cause of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 257 2, 36 | Para. 1/2~I answer that, Sorrow is a movement of the animal 258 2, 36 | that the ~cause of pain or sorrow is a present evil. On the 259 2, 36 | the universal cause of ~sorrow. Sometimes, however, desire 260 2, 36 | sense, is the ~cause of sorrow. Because whatever hinders 261 2, 36 | appetite, is a cause of sorrow. Consequently, desire ~becomes 262 2, 36 | desire ~becomes a cause of sorrow, in so far as we sorrow 263 2, 36 | sorrow, in so far as we sorrow for the delay of a ~desired 264 2, 36 | be a universal ~cause of sorrow: since we sorrow more for 265 2, 36 | cause of sorrow: since we sorrow more for the loss of present 266 2, 36 | present, and so gives rise to sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 267 2, 36 | obstacle, desire causes sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 268 2, 36 | for unity is a cause of sorrow?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 269 2, 36 | unity is not a cause of ~sorrow. For the Philosopher says ( 270 2, 36 | indigentiam'?], the cause of sorrow, ~"seems to have originated 271 2, 36 | But not every pleasure or sorrow is of this kind. Therefore 272 2, 36 | not the universal cause of sorrow; since repletion pertains ~ 273 2, 36 | to unity. If therefore ~sorrow were caused by a craving 274 2, 36 | separation, ~as causing sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 275 2, 36 | reckoned ~as a cause of sorrow, so must a craving for unity, 276 2, 36 | be accounted ~as causing sorrow. Because the good of each 277 2, 36 | for good is a cause of sorrow, so also is the love or 278 2, 36 | kind of unity cause pain or sorrow, as some have ~maintained: 279 2, 36 | perfect ~being. Consequently sorrow is caused by the craving, 280 2, 36 | is not the first cause of sorrow, whereas the ~craving for 281 2, 36 | irresistible power is a cause of sorrow?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 282 2, 36 | be reckoned a cause ~of sorrow. For that which is in the 283 2, 36 | present but ~future. But sorrow is for present evil. Therefore 284 2, 36 | power is not ~a cause of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 285 2, 36 | inflicted is the cause of sorrow. But hurt can be ~inflicted 286 2, 36 | reckoned as a cause of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 287 2, 36 | be reckoned as a cause of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 288 2, 36 | says (De Nat. Boni xx): "Sorrow in the soul ~is caused by 289 2, 36 | present evil, is cause of ~sorrow or pain, by way of object. 290 2, 36 | reckoned as causing pain or sorrow. Now ~it is evident that 291 2, 36 | power as being the cause ~of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 292 2, 36 | respective inclinations, pain ~or sorrow will not result therefrom; 293 2, 36 | De Nat. Boni xx) that sorrow is caused by the will "resisting 294 2, 36 | the result ~would be not sorrow but pleasure.~Aquin.: SMT 295 2, 36 | A greater power causes sorrow, as acting not potentially ~ 296 2, 36 | about that which causes sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 297 2, 36 | reckoned to be the cause of sorrow.~ 298 2, 37 | OF THE EFFECTS OF PAIN OR SORROW (FOUR ARTICLES)~We must 299 2, 37 | the effects of pain or of sorrow: under which head ~there 300 2, 37 | 2) Whether the effect of sorrow or pain is to burden the 301 2, 37 | burden the soul?~(3) Whether sorrow or pain weakens all activity?~( 302 2, 37 | all activity?~(4) Whether sorrow is more harmful to the body 303 2, 37 | God and tribulation cause sorrow in men's ~hearts. Therefore 304 2, 37 | hearts. Therefore pain or sorrow, far from destroying, increases 305 2, 37 | pleasures. But pain and sorrow are most destructive of 306 2, 37 | destructive of pleasure; ~since sorrow hinders all pleasure, as 307 2, 37 | 1~OBJ 3: Further, inward sorrow surpasses outward pain, 308 2, 37 | 1~Reply OBJ 1: Moderate sorrow, that does not cause the 309 2, 37 | man hopes to be freed from sorrow. And thus, "in the ~tribulation 310 2, 37 | harder. If ~therefore pain or sorrow be moderate, it can conduce 311 2, 37 | transmutation more than inward sorrow does: and yet the ~latter 312 2, 37 | complete repose, than inward sorrow is. ~Nevertheless if inward 313 2, 37 | Nevertheless if inward sorrow be very intense, it attracts 314 2, 37 | wherefore on ~account of sorrow Gregory interrupted his 315 2, 37 | 1~Whether the effect of sorrow or pain is to burden the 316 2, 37 | that it is not an effect of sorrow to burden the ~soul. For 317 2, 37 | depression is not an effect of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 318 2, 37 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sorrow is contrary to pleasure. 319 2, 37 | reckoned as an effect of ~sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 320 2, 37 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, sorrow consumes those who are inflicted 321 2, 37 | swallowed up with overmuch sorrow." But that which is ~depressed 322 2, 37 | be reckoned an effect of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 323 2, 37 | 14) speak of "depressing sorrow."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 324 2, 37 | pleasure, and depression to sorrow. For a man is said to be 325 2, 37 | A[4]; Q[36], ~A[1]) that sorrow is caused by a present evil: 326 2, 37 | evil which is the cause of sorrow be not so strong as ~to 327 2, 37 | the soul ensues from the sorrow which is ~according to God, 328 2, 37 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Sorrow is said to consume man, 329 2, 37 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow or pain weakens all activity?~ 330 2, 37 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow does not weaken all activity. 331 2, 37 | carefulness is caused by sorrow, as is clear from the passage 332 2, 37 | be ashamed." ~Therefore sorrow is not a hindrance to work, 333 2, 37 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sorrow causes desire in many cases, 334 2, 37 | intensity of action. Therefore sorrow does too.~Aquin.: SMT FS 335 2, 37 | but improved by reason of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 336 2, 37 | whereas on the other hand, "sorrow hinders it" (Ethic. ~x, 337 2, 37 | As stated above (A[2]), sorrow at times does not depress ~ 338 2, 37 | are sometimes caused by sorrow itself. ~Accordingly action 339 2, 37 | in a twofold relation to sorrow. First, as ~being the object 340 2, 37 | as ~being the object of sorrow: and thus sorrow hinders 341 2, 37 | object of sorrow: and thus sorrow hinders any action: for 342 2, 37 | do that which we do with sorrow, so well as that which we 343 2, 37 | with ~pleasure, or without sorrow. The reason for this is 344 2, 37 | action stands in relation to sorrow, as to its principle and 345 2, 37 | must needs be improved by sorrow: thus the more one sorrows ~ 346 2, 37 | one strives to shake off sorrow, ~provided there is a hope 347 2, 37 | action would result from that sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 348 2, 37 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow is more harmful to the body 349 2, 37 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow is not most harmful to the 350 2, 37 | harmful to the body. For ~sorrow has a spiritual existence 351 2, 37 | color to bodies. Therefore sorrow is not harmful to ~the body.~ 352 2, 37 | 22], AA[1],3). Therefore sorrow is not more harmful to the 353 2, 37 | to be ~more harmful than sorrow; for it is the cause of 354 2, 37 | for it is the cause of sorrow. Therefore sorrow ~is not 355 2, 37 | cause of sorrow. Therefore sorrow ~is not more harmful to 356 2, 37 | all the soul's passions, sorrow is most harmful to the ~ 357 2, 37 | reason of this is because sorrow is repugnant to man's life 358 2, 37 | and despair, and above all sorrow which ~depresses the soul 359 2, 37 | vital movement: whereas sorrow ~implies a transmutation 360 2, 37 | the body, by reason of the sorrow which they ~imply, and which 361 2, 37 | thing desired. Moreover ~sorrow too sometimes deprives man 362 2, 37 | seen in ~those who through sorrow become a prey to melancholy 363 2, 38 | 1/1 - OF THE REMEDIES OF SORROW OR PAIN (FIVE ARTICLES)~ 364 2, 38 | the remedies of pain or sorrow: under which head ~there 365 2, 38 | inquiry:~(1) Whether pain or sorrow is assuaged by every pleasure?~( 366 2, 38 | Para. 1/1~Whether pain or sorrow is assuaged by every pleasure?~ 367 2, 38 | assuages every pain or ~sorrow. For pleasure does not assuage 368 2, 38 | pleasure does not assuage sorrow, save in so far as it is ~ 369 2, 38 | pleasure is contrary to every sorrow; as stated above (Q[35], 370 2, 38 | pleasure assuages every sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 371 2, 38 | Further, that which causes sorrow does not assuage it. But 372 2, 38 | But some ~pleasures cause sorrow; since, as stated in Ethic. 373 2, 38 | every pleasure assuages ~sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 374 2, 38 | pleasure assuages every sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 375 2, 38 | says (Ethic. vii, 14) that "sorrow is ~driven forth by pleasure, 376 2, 38 | a suitable good; while ~sorrow arises from something unsuited 377 2, 38 | appetite pleasure is to sorrow, what, in bodies, repose ~ 378 2, 38 | non-natural transmutation; for sorrow ~itself implies a certain 379 2, 38 | by assuaging any kind of sorrow, due to any cause whatever.~ 380 2, 38 | specifically contrary to ~every sorrow, yet it is generically, 381 2, 38 | disposition of the subject, any sorrow can be assuaged by any pleasure.~ 382 2, 38 | wicked men are not a cause of sorrow while ~they are enjoyed, 383 2, 38 | they took pleasure. This sorrow is healed ~by contrary pleasures.~ 384 2, 38 | absence, inclines him to sorrow: whereas ~the present good 385 2, 38 | pleasure drives out the sorrow. Wherefore a little further 386 2, 38 | Augustine says that his "sorrow gave way to his former pleasures."~ 387 2, 38 | Para. 1/1~Whether pain or sorrow is assuaged by tears?~Aquin.: 388 2, 38 | that tears do not assuage sorrow. Because no effect ~diminishes 389 2, 38 | groans are an effect of sorrow. ~Therefore they do not 390 2, 38 | Therefore they do not diminish sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 391 2, 38 | groans are an effect of sorrow, so ~laughter is an effect 392 2, 38 | Therefore ~tears do not lessen sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 393 2, 38 | which saddens us increases sorrow, ~just as the image of a 394 2, 38 | that tears do not assuage sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 395 2, 38 | groans naturally assuage sorrow: and this for ~two reasons. 396 2, 38 | things, so that the inward sorrow is lessened. This is why 397 2, 38 | why men, burdened ~with sorrow, make outward show of their 398 2, 38 | make outward show of their sorrow, by tears or groans or ~ 399 2, 38 | or ~even by words, their sorrow is assuaged. Secondly, because 400 2, 38 | befitting a man who is in sorrow ~or pain; and consequently 401 2, 38 | every pleasure assuages sorrow or pain somewhat, it ~follows 402 2, 38 | somewhat, it ~follows that sorrow is assuaged by weeping and 403 2, 38 | existing between the cause of sorrow and the sorrowing man. For ~ 404 2, 38 | to it; ~but the cause of sorrow is disagreeable to him that 405 2, 38 | sorrows. Hence the ~effect of sorrow is not related to him that 406 2, 38 | same way as ~the cause of sorrow is. For this reason sorrow 407 2, 38 | sorrow is. For this reason sorrow is assuaged by its effect, ~ 408 2, 38 | natural tendency to increase sorrow: yet from the very fact 409 2, 38 | Para. 1/1~Whether pain or sorrow are assuaged by the sympathy 410 2, 38 | It would seem that the sorrow of sympathizing friends 411 2, 38 | does not ~assuage our own sorrow. For contraries have contrary 412 2, 38 | sorrowful, it seems that ~their sorrow is greater.~Aquin.: SMT 413 2, 38 | friend is pained at the sorrow of ~his friend with whom 414 2, 38 | becomes, to the friend in sorrow, a further cause of ~sorrow: 415 2, 38 | sorrow, a further cause of ~sorrow: so that, his pain being 416 2, 38 | his pain being doubled his sorrow seems to increase.~Aquin.: 417 2, 38 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, sorrow arises from every evil affecting 418 2, 38 | Ethic. ~ix, 4,9). But sorrow is an evil. Therefore the 419 2, 38 | is an evil. Therefore the sorrow of the sympathizing ~friend 420 2, 38 | sympathizing ~friend increases the sorrow of the friend with whom 421 2, 38 | first is because, since sorrow has a ~depressing effect, 422 2, 38 | others saddened by his own sorrow, it ~seems as though others 423 2, 38 | weight; wherefore the load of sorrow becomes lighter ~for him: 424 2, 38 | every pleasure assuages ~sorrow, as stated above (A[1]), 425 2, 38 | A[1]), it follows that sorrow is mitigated by a ~sympathizing 426 2, 38 | Reply OBJ 2: The friend's sorrow itself would be a cause 427 2, 38 | itself would be a cause of sorrow: but ~consideration of its 428 2, 38 | Para. 1/1~Whether pain and sorrow are assuaged by the contemplation 429 2, 38 | truth does not assuage ~sorrow. For it is written (Eccles. 430 2, 38 | addeth knowledge ~addeth also sorrow" [Vulg.: 'labor']. But knowledge 431 2, 38 | of truth does not assuage sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 432 2, 38 | Therefore, since joy and sorrow ~are movements of the soul, 433 2, 38 | does ~not help to assuage sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 434 2, 38 | truth ~assuages pain or sorrow, and the more so, the more 435 2, 38 | addeth knowledge, addeth sorrow," either on ~account of 436 2, 38 | known, knowledge ~causes sorrow: but on the part of the 437 2, 38 | Para. 1/1~Whether pain and sorrow are assuaged by sleep and 438 2, 38 | and baths do not assuage sorrow. For ~sorrow is in the soul: 439 2, 38 | not assuage sorrow. For ~sorrow is in the soul: whereas 440 2, 38 | conduce to the assuaging of sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 441 2, 38 | cause of the assuaging of sorrow, as ~stated above (A[4]). 442 2, 38 | above (A[4]). Therefore sorrow is not mitigated by the 443 2, 38 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, sorrow and pain, in so far as they 444 2, 38 | Therefore they do not assuage sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 445 2, 38 | weary mind, and banishes sorrow."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 446 2, 38 | stated above (Q[37], A[4]), sorrow, by reason of its ~specific 447 2, 38 | movement, is opposed to sorrow and assuages it. Moreover 448 2, 38 | every pleasure ~assuages sorrow, sorrow is assuaged by such 449 2, 38 | pleasure ~assuages sorrow, sorrow is assuaged by such like 450 2, 38 | and consequently assuages sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[38] A[ 451 2, 38 | every pleasure assuages sorrow. Consequently it is not ~ 452 2, 38 | is not ~unreasonable that sorrow should be assuaged by causes 453 2, 39 | THE GOODNESS AND MALICE OF SORROW OR PAIN (FOUR ARTICLES)~ 454 2, 39 | goodness and malice of pain or sorrow: under ~which head there 455 2, 39 | inquiry:~(1) Whether all sorrow is evil?~(2) Whether sorrow 456 2, 39 | sorrow is evil?~(2) Whether sorrow can be a virtuous good?~( 457 2, 39 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether all sorrow is evil?~Aquin.: SMT FS 458 2, 39 | It would seem that all sorrow is evil. For Gregory of 459 2, 39 | Nat. Hom. xix.] says: "All sorrow is evil, from its very ~ 460 2, 39 | everywhere. ~Therefore, all sorrow is evil.~Aquin.: SMT FS 461 2, 39 | is evil. But ~all avoid sorrow, even the virtuous, since 462 2, 39 | yet he aims at avoiding ~sorrow." Therefore sorrow is evil.~ 463 2, 39 | avoiding ~sorrow." Therefore sorrow is evil.~Aquin.: SMT FS 464 2, 39 | the object and cause of sorrow in the soul. ~But every 465 2, 39 | Therefore every spiritual sorrow ~is an evil of the soul.~ 466 2, 39 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Sorrow for evil is contrary to 467 2, 39 | had done evil." ~Therefore sorrow for evil is good.~Aquin.: 468 2, 39 | in itself; and thus all sorrow is an evil, because the 469 2, 39 | goodness if a man is in ~sorrow or pain on account of this 470 2, 39 | if he were not to be ~in sorrow or pain, this could only 471 2, 39 | supposing an evil to be present, sorrow or pain should ensue. Wherefore ~ 472 2, 39 | Nemesius] is speaking of sorrow on the ~part of the evil 473 2, 39 | point of view, all shun sorrow, ~inasmuch as they shun 474 2, 39 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow can be a virtuous good?~ 475 2, 39 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow is not a virtuous good. 476 2, 39 | be troubled ~overmuch by sorrow, and so, instead of entering 477 2, 39 | hell of sinners." Therefore sorrow is not a ~virtuous good.~ 478 2, 39 | praiseworthy and meritorious. But ~sorrow lessens praise or merit: 479 2, 39 | of ~necessity." Therefore sorrow is not a virtuous good.~ 480 2, 39 | De Civ. Dei xiv, 15), "sorrow is ~concerned about those 481 2, 39 | A[9]), it ~seems that sorrow is incompatible with rectitude 482 2, 39 | is virtuous. ~But such is sorrow; as is evident from Mt. 483 2, 39 | be comforted." Therefore sorrow is a virtuous good.~Aquin.: 484 2, 39 | answer that, In so far as sorrow is good, it can be a virtuous 485 2, 39 | been said above (A[1]) that sorrow is a good inasmuch as it ~ 486 2, 39 | pain. As regards interior sorrow, perception of the evil 487 2, 39 | Wherefore it is evident that sorrow may be a ~virtuous good.~ 488 2, 39 | virtuous good; but ~excessive sorrow, of which Augustine is speaking, 489 2, 39 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Just as sorrow for an evil arises from 490 2, 39 | which detest the evil, so sorrow for a good is due to a perverse ~ 491 2, 39 | good. Consequently such sorrow is an ~obstacle to the praise 492 2, 39 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow can be a useful good?~Aquin.: 493 2, 39 | OBJ 1: It would seem that sorrow cannot be a useful good. 494 2, 39 | is useful to an end. But sorrow ~is not an object of choice; 495 2, 39 | in fact, "a thing without sorrow is to be ~chosen rather 496 2, 39 | than the same thing with sorrow" (Topic. iii, 2). Therefore 497 2, 39 | Topic. iii, 2). Therefore sorrow is not a useful good.~Aquin.: 498 2, 39 | in De Coel. ii, 3. But "sorrow hinders operation," as stated 499 2, 39 | Ethic. x, 5. Therefore sorrow is not a useful good.~Aquin.: 500 2, 39 | there is mirth." Therefore sorrow ~is useful.~Aquin.: SMT


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