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Alphabetical    [«  »]
sacramentals 7
sacramentarium 1
sacramenti 2
sacraments 1074
sacramentum 2
sacrando 1
sacrarium 4
Frequency    [«  »]
1083 sorrow
1076 anything
1076 her
1074 sacraments
1071 i.e.
1070 receive
1069 opposed
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

sacraments

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1074

     Part, Question
1 1, 43 | 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, the Sacraments of the New Law contain grace, 2 1, 43 | resides instrumentally in the sacraments of the New ~Law, as the 3 1, 43 | person is not sent to the sacraments, but ~to those who receive 4 1, 43 | receive grace through the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[43] A[ 5 1, 43 | He is also present in the sacraments, and in all ~the figures 6 1, 43 | the dispensation ~of the sacraments; and hence it was said, " 7 1, 43 | 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, the Sacraments of the New Law contain grace, 8 1, 43 | resides instrumentally in the sacraments of the New ~Law, as the 9 1, 43 | person is not sent to the sacraments, but ~to those who receive 10 1, 43 | receive grace through the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[43] A[ 11 1, 43 | He is also present in the sacraments, and in all ~the figures 12 1, 43 | the dispensation ~of the sacraments; and hence it was said, " 13 1, 91 | sleeping on the Cross the ~Sacraments flowed - namely, blood and 14 1, 112 | not then admitted to the ~sacraments of the Church. Therefore 15 2, 89 | grievous on account of the sacraments of ~grace, according to 16 2, 101 | sacrifices, sacred things, sacraments, and observances?~Aquin.: 17 2, 101 | sacrifices, sacred things, sacraments, and observances." ~For 18 2, 101 | between "sacrifices" and "sacraments."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[101] 19 2, 101 | ministers; and to this the "sacraments" refer. The ~second point 20 2, 101 | the ~victim, so too their sacraments and sacred things of the 21 2, 101 | hence they are not called sacraments. In order to ~signify this 22 2, 101 | this there were certain sacraments apart from the sacrifices 23 2, 101 | sacrifices of ~the Old Law, which sacraments were figures of the sanctification 24 2, 101 | OBJ 3: The sacrifices and sacraments were of course sacred things. ~ 25 2, 101 | yet were not sacrifices or sacraments: wherefore they ~retained 26 2, 102 | any suitable cause for the sacraments of the Old Law?~Aquin.: 27 2, 102 | suitable cause for the ~sacraments of the Old Law. Because 28 2, 102 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the sacraments of the Old Law were figures 29 2, 102 | Law were figures of the ~sacraments of the New Law. Now the 30 2, 102 | should also have been some sacraments of the ~Old Law to foreshadow 31 2, 102 | to foreshadow the other sacraments of the New Law, such as ~ 32 2, 102 | seems, therefore, that the sacraments of the Old Law ~were unreasonable.~ 33 2, 102 | reasonable cause in the sacraments of the Old Law, ~which were 34 2, 102 | above (Q[101], A[4]), the sacraments are, ~properly speaking, 35 2, 102 | Consequently, in these sacraments of the ~Old Law, certain 36 2, 102 | Reply OBJ 3: Some of the sacraments of the New Law had corresponding ~ 37 2, 102 | corresponding ~figurative sacraments in the Old Law. For Baptism, 38 2, 103 | the first of the legal sacraments seems to have been ~circumcision. 39 2, 103 | crucified, ~such as the sacraments of the New Law contain. 40 2, 103 | to suffer: ~whereas our sacraments signify Him as already born 41 2, 103 | again, truths of which their sacraments were a kind ~of image: but 42 2, 103 | risen again; of which our sacraments, in which Christians share, 43 2, 107 | number of most manifest sacraments, certain ~persons make it 44 2, 107 | who were subject to the sacraments of the Law, and not to the ~ 45 2, 108 | the Old Law not only were sacraments instituted, but ~also certain 46 2, 108 | New Law, although certain sacraments are instituted by Our ~Lord; 47 2, 108 | of Himself instituted the sacraments ~whereby we obtain grace: 48 2, 108 | Mk. ~6:13). These are the sacraments of the New Law.~Aquin.: 49 2, 108 | or forbidding, except the sacraments, and those moral ~precepts 50 2, 108 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: In the sacraments of the New Law grace is 51 2, 112 | this difference between the sacraments of the ~New Law and those 52 2, 112 | those of the Old, that the sacraments of the New Law cause ~grace, 53 2, 112 | cause ~grace, whereas the sacraments of the Old Law merely signify 54 2, 112 | merely signify it. Now the ~sacraments of the New Law are certain 55 2, 112 | agent, so ~likewise in the sacraments of the New Law, which are 56 2, 112 | instrumentally caused by the sacraments, and principally by the ~ 57 2, 112 | Holy Ghost working in the sacraments, according to Jn. 3:5: ~" 58 2, 113 | confine His power to the sacraments. Hence He can ~justify a 59 2, 113 | justify a man without the sacraments, and without any movement 60 2, 1 | s human nature, and the sacraments of the Church, and ~the 61 2, 1 | s human nature, and the sacraments ~of the Church, or any creatures 62 2, 10 | faith, and on account of the sacraments of faith ~with which he 63 2, 10 | other hand, to provide ~the sacraments of salvation for the children 64 2, 10 | through ~being deprived of the sacraments their children fail to obtain 65 2, 37 | chiefly of a share in ~the sacraments. But Augustine says (Contra 66 2, 66 | and from receiving the sacraments of the Church. Nor does 67 2, 81 | and in which all the other sacraments are ~contained, or of the 68 2, 84 | deprived of the Church's sacraments. But it would seem unlawful 69 2, 84 | unlawful to refuse ~the sacraments of the Church to those who 70 2, 84 | by being deprived of the sacraments, not by the priest ~himself 71 2, 84 | something for bestowing the sacraments, but by someone superior 72 2, 84 | the Divine teachings and sacraments before ~the people; and 73 2, 97 | sanctified by faith and the sacraments of ~Christ, according to 74 2, 97 | highest place belongs to ~the sacraments whereby man is sanctified: 75 2, 97 | second place, after the sacraments, belongs to the vessels 76 2, 97 | the administration of the sacraments; also sacred images, and 77 2, 98 | to accept money for the sacraments?~(3) Whether it is lawful 78 2, 98 | themselves, such as the sacraments and the like, while others 79 2, 98 | unlawful to give money for the sacraments?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[100] A[ 80 2, 98 | unlawful to give money for ~the sacraments. Baptism is the door of 81 2, 98 | Baptism is the door of the sacraments, as we shall state ~in the 82 2, 98 | unlawful to buy or sell the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[100] A[ 83 2, 98 | Further, the greatest of the sacraments is the Eucharist, which ~ 84 2, 98 | to buy or sell the ~other sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[100] A[ 85 2, 98 | 1/2~I answer that, The sacraments of the New Law are of all 86 2, 98 | non-gratuitous giving. Now the sacraments are dispensed through the ~ 87 2, 98 | spiritual grace ~of the sacraments, is the sin of simony, which 88 2, 98 | those who administer the sacraments, in accordance ~with the 89 2, 98 | answer that, Just as the sacraments are called spiritual, because 90 2, 98 | directed to the use of the sacraments. Wherefore such things as ~ 91 2, 120 | sacred ~things, sacrifices, sacraments and observances," as stated 92 2, 145 | instituted a few most salutary sacraments whereby the community of 93 2, 145 | than ~by a great number of sacraments. For Augustine says (Ad 94 2, 145 | small number of its ~solemn sacraments, some people render it oppressive 95 2, 176 | and by the power ~of the sacraments which they administer. If 96 2, 185 | altar and dispensers of the ~sacraments, they need not insist on 97 2, 187 | passage observes, "are the sacraments of the ~Law, as being burdensome": 98 3 | Saviour Himself; (2) the ~sacraments by which we attain to our 99 3, 2 | shadow, as it dwelt in the sacraments of the old law, of ~which 100 3, 8 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the sacraments of the Old Law are compared 101 3, 8 | their day served unto these sacraments, according to ~Heb. 8:5: " 102 3, 8 | Fathers made use of the legal sacraments, not as ~realities, but 103 3, 8 | by ~observing the legal sacraments, were borne to Christ by 104 3, 22 | Law. But the ~nearer the sacraments were to Christ, the more 105 3, 26 | in His stead, the saving sacraments to men.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[ 106 3, 27 | one is regenerated by the sacraments, save those who are ~previously 107 3, 27 | power to the law of the ~sacraments, but that He can bestow 108 3, 36 | OBJ 4: Further, all the sacraments of the Old Law were figures 109 3, 36 | figures of ~Christ. But the sacraments of the Old Law were dispensed 110 3, 37 | by grace ~alone. But the sacraments of the Old Law did not confer 111 3, 37 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The sacraments of the Law did not cleanse 112 3, 38 | 1~OBJ 3: Further, those sacraments which are instituted by 113 3, 38 | stated above; whereas ~the sacraments attain their effect through 114 3, 38 | Contra Faust. xix), our sacraments are ~signs of present grace, 115 3, 38 | present grace, whereas the sacraments of the Old Law were signs ~ 116 3, 48 | namely, by faith and the sacraments of faith, as the ~Apostle 117 3, 49 | and penance and the other sacraments, which derive their power ~ 118 3, 49 | faith and charity and the sacraments of faith. And, ~consequently, 119 3, 49 | faith and charity and the sacraments of faith. Consequently, ~ 120 3, 52 | to the living through the sacraments ~which make us like unto 121 3, 52 | no less effect ~than His sacraments have. But souls are delivered 122 3, 52 | delivered from Purgatory by the ~sacraments, especially by the sacrament 123 3, 52 | s power operates in the sacraments by way of healing ~and expiation. 124 3, 60 | Para. 1/3 - TREATISE ON THE SACRAMENTS (QQ[60]-90)~THE SACRAMENTS 125 3, 60 | SACRAMENTS (QQ[60]-90)~THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL (QQ[60]-65)~WHAT 126 3, 60 | Word, we must consider the sacraments of the Church which derive 127 3, 60 | First we shall consider the ~sacraments in general; secondly, we 128 3, 60 | Of the necessity of the sacraments; (3) of the effects of ~ 129 3, 60 | of the effects of ~the sacraments; (4) Of their cause; (5) 130 3, 60 | But now we are speaking of sacraments in a special sense, as ~ 131 3, 60 | called "sacred ~secrets or sacraments."~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 132 3, 60 | sense in which we speak of ~sacraments now; the word "sacrament" 133 3, 60 | things cannot be called ~sacraments. Therefore not every sign 134 3, 60 | ceremonies of the Law, were sacraments, but only in certain special ~ 135 3, 60 | yet they are not called sacraments; such as ~sprinkling with 136 3, 60 | Therefore they cannot be called ~sacraments as we understand sacraments 137 3, 60 | sacraments as we understand sacraments now.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] 138 3, 60 | like are properly styled sacraments of the Old Law.~Aquin.: 139 3, 60 | holiness ~are not called sacraments, and with regard to these 140 3, 60 | verified: only those are called sacraments which signify the perfection ~ 141 3, 60 | Therefore it ~seems that the sacraments signify one thing only, 142 3, 60 | these are signified by the sacraments. Consequently ~a sacrament 143 3, 60 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sacraments belong to the kingdom of 144 3, 60 | are not ~required for the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 145 3, 60 | can live aright." But ~the sacraments are necessary for man's 146 3, 60 | are not required for the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 147 3, 60 | things are ~required for the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 148 3, 60 | which are signified by the ~sacraments, are the spiritual and intelligible 149 3, 60 | things are required for the sacraments; as Dionysius also proves ~ 150 3, 60 | not sensible are termed sacraments as ~it were, in so far as 151 3, 60 | sensible things are required in sacraments for the purpose ~of signification, 152 3, 60 | are not required for the ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 153 3, 60 | Therefore much more in the sacraments, which are spiritual ~remedies 154 3, 60 | were not required in the sacraments, but were put to that use 155 3, 60 | determinate thing in the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 156 3, 60 | that, In the use of the sacraments two things may be ~considered, 157 3, 60 | institution. Therefore in the sacraments of the New Law, by which ~ 158 3, 60 | sensible things ~in the sacraments, and of similitudes in the 159 3, 60 | things to be employed in the ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 160 3, 60 | Contra Faust. xix), diverse sacraments ~suit different times; just 161 3, 60 | have to make use in the sacraments. Nor is the ~way of salvation 162 3, 60 | need to be ~used in the sacraments, are either in everyone' 163 3, 60 | the signification of the sacraments?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 164 3, 60 | the signification of the ~sacraments. For Augustine says (Contra 165 3, 60 | the sensible things in the sacraments seems to be the same as 166 3, 60 | the sensible things in the sacraments .~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 167 3, 60 | reason; it seems ~that in the sacraments, words are not required 168 3, 60 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the sacraments of the New Law succeed those 169 3, 60 | words was required ~in the sacraments of the Old Law. Therefore 170 3, 60 | 1/3~I answer that, The sacraments, as stated above (AA[2], 171 3, 60 | incarnate: to Whom the ~sacraments have a certain conformity, 172 3, 60 | Body Para. 2/3~Secondly, sacraments may be considered on the 173 3, 60 | sensible elements of the sacraments are called words by ~way 174 3, 60 | the visible element in the sacraments; because one determines ~ 175 3, 60 | things. Wherefore in the sacraments, words and ~things, like 176 3, 60 | Contra Faust. xix), the sacraments of ~things present should 177 3, 60 | should be different from sacraments of things to come. Now ~ 178 3, 60 | things to come. Now ~the sacraments of the Old Law foretold 179 3, 60 | Christ so clearly as the sacraments of the New Law, ~which flow 180 3, 60 | the ministers of those sacraments, according to Num. 6:23, 181 3, 60 | those who made use of those sacraments, ~according to Dt. 26:3: " 182 3, 60 | words are required in the sacraments?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 183 3, 60 | are not required in the ~sacraments. For as the Philosopher 184 3, 60 | which is sought through the sacraments, ~is the same for all. Therefore 185 3, 60 | are not required in the ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 186 3, 60 | words are required in the sacraments forasmuch as they ~are the 187 3, 60 | are ~not required in the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 188 3, 60 | stammerers, in conferring sacraments, would frequently do so 189 3, 60 | are not required in the ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[60] A[ 190 3, 60 | above (A[6], ad 2), in the sacraments the words ~are as the form, 191 3, 60 | Since, therefore, in the ~sacraments determinate sensible things 192 3, 60 | the word ~operates in the sacraments "not because it is spoken," 193 3, 60 | 1~OBJ 2: Further, in the sacraments words are by way of form, 194 3, 60 | words. For since ~in the sacraments, the words produce an effect 195 3, 61 | OF THE NECESSITY OF THE SACRAMENTS (FOUR ARTICLES)~We must 196 3, 61 | consider the necessity of the sacraments; concerning which ~there 197 3, 61 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether sacraments are necessary for man's 198 3, 61 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether sacraments are necessary for man's 199 3, 61 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that sacraments are not necessary for man' 200 3, 61 | little." But the use of sacraments pertains to bodily exercise; 201 3, 61 | bodily exercise; because ~sacraments are perfected in the signification 202 3, 61 | Q[60], A[6]). Therefore sacraments are not ~necessary for the 203 3, 61 | it would not suffice if sacraments were ~necessary for salvation. 204 3, 61 | for salvation. Therefore sacraments are not necessary for man' 205 3, 61 | by His life." Therefore sacraments ~are not necessary for man' 206 3, 61 | means of visible signs or sacraments." ~But it is necessary for 207 3, 61 | true religion. Therefore sacraments are necessary for man's ~ 208 3, 61 | Para. 1/4~I answer that, Sacraments are necessary unto man's 209 3, 61 | sensible signs that are called sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[61] A[ 210 3, 61 | was offered to him in the sacraments, by which he might be ~trained 211 3, 61 | through the institution of the sacraments ~man, consistently with 212 3, 61 | healthy exercise of the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[61] A[ 213 3, 61 | taken in the use of the sacraments is not merely bodily, but 214 3, 61 | it is ~that man needs the sacraments that he may obtain grace.~ 215 3, 61 | does not follow that the sacraments are not also necessary for ~ 216 3, 61 | applied to man ~through the sacraments according to the Apostle ( 217 3, 61 | 1/1~Whether before sin sacraments were necessary to man?~Aquin.: 218 3, 61 | It seems that before sin sacraments were necessary to man. For, ~ 219 3, 61 | above (A[1], ad 2) man needs sacraments that he may obtain ~grace. 220 3, 61 | 114], A[2]). ~Therefore sacraments were necessary in that state 221 3, 61 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sacraments are suitable to man by reason 222 3, 61 | before sin, man ~needed the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[61] A[ 223 3, 61 | seen in Gn. 2. Therefore ~sacraments were necessary to man before 224 3, 61 | not a physician." Now the sacraments are ~spiritual remedies 225 3, 61 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Sacraments were not necessary in the 226 3, 61 | corporeal; which happens in the sacraments. Therefore in the ~state 227 3, 61 | innocence man needed no sacraments, whether as remedies against ~ 228 3, 61 | Whether there should have been sacraments after sin, before Christ?~ 229 3, 61 | there should have been no sacraments after sin, ~before Christ. 230 3, 61 | applied to men through the sacraments: so that Christ's Passion 231 3, 61 | Passion is ~compared to the sacraments as cause to effect. But 232 3, 61 | there should have been no sacraments before ~Christ's coming.~ 233 3, 61 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sacraments should be suitable to the 234 3, 61 | Neither, therefore, should the sacraments have been changed, so that ~ 235 3, 61 | changed, so that ~besides the sacraments of the natural law, others 236 3, 61 | accomplished by Christ; to Whom the sacraments of the Old Law were nearer ~ 237 3, 61 | greater likeness to the sacraments of Christ. And yet the contrary 238 3, 61 | Heb. 7:11). Therefore sacraments were unsuitably ~instituted 239 3, 61 | Faust. xix) that "the first ~sacraments which the Law commanded 240 3, 61 | was necessary that some sacraments should be instituted before 241 3, 61 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Sacraments are necessary for man's 242 3, 61 | these signs ~are called sacraments. It is therefore clear that 243 3, 61 | therefore clear that some sacraments were ~necessary before Christ' 244 3, 61 | the final cause of the old sacraments: ~for they were instituted 245 3, 61 | against the existence of sacraments before Christ's ~Passion.~ 246 3, 61 | together with ~these certain sacraments of faith. For it was necessary, 247 3, 61 | a need for certain fixed sacraments significative of man's ~ 248 3, 61 | coming of Christ: which sacraments are compared to ~those that 249 3, 61 | down precisely ~of what sacraments men were to make use: whereas 250 3, 61 | Testament. Nevertheless the sacraments of the ~Mosaic Law are more 251 3, 61 | of this was lest, if the sacraments retained the same ~appearance, 252 3, 61 | Whether there was need for any sacraments after Christ came?~Aquin.: 253 3, 61 | there was no need for any sacraments after Christ ~came. For 254 3, 61 | Since, therefore, the ~sacraments are signs or figures of 255 3, 61 | there was no ~need for any sacraments after Christ's Passion.~ 256 3, 61 | 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, the sacraments consist in certain elements, 257 3, 61 | making use of corporeal sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[61] A[ 258 3, 61 | should give man certain sacraments for his ~sanctification 259 3, 61 | time of grace, and other sacraments before ~Christ's coming. 260 3, 61 | Therefore it seems that other sacraments should not have ~been instituted 261 3, 61 | Contra Faust. xix) that the sacraments ~of the Old Law "were abolished 262 3, 61 | birth and Passion. Now the sacraments are signs in protestation 263 3, 61 | suffered]." Therefore the ~sacraments of the New Law, that signify 264 3, 61 | Wherefore then there will be no sacraments. But now, ~so long as we 265 3, 61 | is the ~province of the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[61] A[ 266 3, 61 | 2: The Apostle calls the sacraments of the Old Law "weak and ~ 267 3, 61 | that those who used these sacraments served ~God "under the elements 268 3, 61 | very reason that these ~sacraments were nothing else than the 269 3, 61 | of this world. But our ~sacraments both contain and cause grace: 270 3, 61 | because He instituted ~sacraments of one kind after Christ' 271 3, 62 | Out. Para. 1/1 - OF THE SACRAMENTS' PRINCIPAL EFFECT, WHICH 272 3, 62 | consider the effect of the sacraments. First of their ~principal 273 3, 62 | inquiry:~(1) Whether the sacraments of the New Law are the cause 274 3, 62 | and gifts?~(3) Whether the sacraments contain grace?~(4) Whether 275 3, 62 | of grace?~(5) Whether the sacraments derive this power from Christ' 276 3, 62 | Passion?~(6) Whether the sacraments of the Old Law caused grace?~ 277 3, 62 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the sacraments are the cause of grace?~ 278 3, 62 | OBJ 1: It seems that the sacraments are not the cause of grace. 279 3, 62 | spiritual. Therefore the sacraments cannot cause grace.~Aquin.: 280 3, 62 | Since, therefore, the sacraments ~consist in certain words 281 3, 62 | like reason so do the other sacraments of the Church.~Aquin.: SMT 282 3, 62 | say that in some way the sacraments of the ~New Law cause grace. 283 3, 62 | evident that through the sacraments of the ~New Law man is incorporated 284 3, 62 | grace in the soul when the ~sacraments are employed. And they give 285 3, 62 | ring, so by the various ~sacraments various kinds of grace are 286 3, 62 | according to the above mode the ~sacraments are mere signs. For the 287 3, 62 | according to this ~opinion the sacraments of the New Law would be 288 3, 62 | of many saints that the sacraments of ~the New Law not only 289 3, 62 | And it is thus that the sacraments of ~the New Law cause grace: 290 3, 62 | viz. pertaining to the sacraments, "are done ~and pass away, 291 3, 62 | agent. And in this sense the sacraments of the New Law are both ~ 292 3, 62 | like manner the corporeal sacraments by their operation, ~which 293 3, 62 | when it is said ~that the sacraments cause grace.~Aquin.: SMT 294 3, 62 | is useless to confer the sacraments ~on those who have the virtues 295 3, 62 | to their actions. Now the sacraments ~are ordained unto certain 296 3, 62 | holds true of the other sacraments. ~Consequently just as the 297 3, 62 | a special remedy in the ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[62] A[ 298 3, 62 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the sacraments of the New Law contain grace?~ 299 3, 62 | OBJ 1: It seems that the sacraments of the New Law do not contain 300 3, 62 | But grace is not ~in the sacraments; neither as in a subject, 301 3, 62 | Therefore it seems that the sacraments of the New Law do not contain ~ 302 3, 62 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, sacraments are instituted as means 303 3, 62 | account if grace were in ~the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[62] A[ 304 3, 62 | grace is said to be in the sacraments. First, as in its sign; ~ 305 3, 62 | unfitting to say that the sacraments contain grace.~Aquin.: SMT 306 3, 62 | Whether there be in the sacraments a power of causing grace?~ 307 3, 62 | that there is not in the sacraments a power of causing ~grace. 308 3, 62 | recipient. Therefore in the sacraments ~there is no power of causing 309 3, 62 | of least account, since sacraments are necessary for salvation: 310 3, 62 | Therefore it seems that in the sacraments ~there is no power of causing 311 3, 62 | there be such a power in the sacraments, its presence ~there must 312 3, 62 | Therefore it seems that in ~the sacraments there is no power for causing 313 3, 62 | of causing grace in the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[62] A[ 314 3, 62 | Those who hold that the sacraments do not cause grace ~save 315 3, 62 | certain coincidence, deny the sacraments any power that is ~itself 316 3, 62 | Divine ~power assists the sacraments and produces their effect. 317 3, 62 | allow ~that there is in the sacraments a certain instrumental power 318 3, 62 | spiritual power is in the ~sacraments, inasmuch as they are ordained 319 3, 62 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the sacraments of the New Law derive their 320 3, 62 | OBJ 1: It seems that the sacraments of the New Law do not derive 321 3, 62 | Passion. For the power of the sacraments is in the ~causing of grace 322 3, 62 | cannot cause the power of the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[62] A[ 323 3, 62 | Further, the power of the sacraments seems to depend on faith. ~ 324 3, 62 | seems that the power of the sacraments is not due specially to 325 3, 62 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the sacraments are ordained unto man's 326 3, 62 | Therefore it seems that the ~sacraments derive their power from 327 3, 62 | on the ~Cross flowed the sacraments which brought salvation 328 3, 62 | Consequently, it seems that the sacraments derive their power from ~ 329 3, 62 | needs be derived by the sacraments ~from Christ's Godhead through 330 3, 62 | it is manifest that the ~sacraments of the Church derive their 331 3, 62 | us by our receiving ~the sacraments. It was in sign of this 332 3, 62 | which are the principal ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[62] A[ 333 3, 62 | Therefore the power of the sacraments which is ordained unto the ~ 334 3, 62 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the sacraments of the Old Law caused grace?~ 335 3, 62 | OBJ 1: It seems that the sacraments of the Old Law caused grace. 336 3, 62 | stated above (A[5], ad 2) the sacraments of the New Law derive their ~ 337 3, 62 | Therefore just as the sacraments of ~the New Law confer grace, 338 3, 62 | confer grace, so did the sacraments of the Old Law.~Aquin.: 339 3, 62 | were ~sanctified by the sacraments of the Old Law: for it is 340 3, 62 | Therefore it seems that the ~sacraments of the Old Law conferred 341 3, 62 | like ~manner, the other sacraments of the Law; for just as 342 3, 62 | Baptism is the door ~of the sacraments of the New Law, so was circumcision 343 3, 62 | circumcision the door of the ~sacraments of the Old Law: hence the 344 3, 62 | perfectly. Therefore the sacraments of the old Law did not confer 345 3, 62 | cannot be said that the sacraments of the Old Law ~conferred 346 3, 62 | to us by faith and the ~sacraments, but in different ways; 347 3, 62 | link that comes from the ~sacraments, is produced by making use 348 3, 62 | therefore clear that the sacraments of the ~New Law do reasonably 349 3, 62 | righteousness; whereas the ~sacraments of the Old Law did not.~ 350 3, 62 | just as we are. And the sacraments of the old Law were a kind 351 3, 62 | therefore manifest that the sacraments of the Old ~Law were not 352 3, 63 | THE OTHER EFFECT OF THE SACRAMENTS, WHICH IS A CHARACTER (SIX 353 3, 63 | the other effect of the sacraments, which is a ~character: 354 3, 63 | inquiry:~(1) Whether by the sacraments a character is produced 355 3, 63 | are His." Therefore the sacraments ~do not imprint a character 356 3, 63 | imprinted on the soul by the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[63] A[ 357 3, 63 | from the ~unbeliever by the sacraments of the New Law, so was it 358 3, 63 | under the Old Law. ~But the sacraments of the Old Law did not imprint 359 3, 63 | neither seemingly do the sacraments of the New Law.~Aquin.: 360 3, 63 | Therefore it seems that by the sacraments God imprints His ~character 361 3, 63 | stated (Q[62], ~A[5]) the sacraments of the New Law are ordained 362 3, 63 | Since, ~therefore, by the sacraments men are deputed to a spiritual 363 3, 63 | approved? Are the Christian sacraments, by ~any chance, of a nature 364 3, 63 | above (Q[62], A[6]) the sacraments of the Old Law ~had not 365 3, 63 | effect. Consequently in those sacraments there was no need of a spiritual ~ 366 3, 63 | stated above (A[1]), the sacraments of the New Law ~produce 367 3, 63 | the virtue which is in the sacraments. ~For to have a sacramental 368 3, 63 | the virtue which is in the sacraments is not of ~itself in a genus, 369 3, 63 | Parmen. ii): "The Christian ~sacraments are not less lasting than 370 3, 63 | power with regard to the ~sacraments and to things pertaining 371 3, 63 | is imprinted by all the sacraments of ~the New Law: because 372 3, 63 | 1~On the contrary, Those sacraments in which a character is 373 3, 63 | above (A[5]): ~whereas some sacraments are reiterated, for instance, 374 3, 63 | matrimony. Therefore not all the sacraments imprint a character.~Aquin.: 375 3, 63 | above (Q[62], AA[1],5), the sacraments of the ~New Law are ordained 376 3, 63 | Divine worship. Now all the sacraments, from the fact that ~they 377 3, 63 | sin: whereas not all the sacraments are directly ordained to 378 3, 63 | consummation of all the sacraments," as ~Dionysius says (Eccl. 379 3, 63 | men are deputed to confer ~sacraments on others: while the sacrament 380 3, 63 | power to receive the other ~sacraments of the Church; whence it 381 3, 63 | called the "door of the ~sacraments." In a way Confirmation 382 3, 63 | Consequently, ~these three sacraments imprint a character, namely, 383 3, 63 | sanctified by each of the sacraments, since sanctity ~means immunity 384 3, 63 | But in a special ~way some sacraments, which imprint a character, 385 3, 63 | With regard to the other sacraments we shall explain further ~ 386 3, 64 | 1 - OF THE CAUSES OF THE SACRAMENTS (TEN ARTICLES)~In the next 387 3, 64 | consider the causes of the sacraments, both ~as to authorship 388 3, 64 | alone works inwardly in the sacraments?~(2) Whether the institution 389 3, 64 | Whether the institution of the sacraments is from God alone?~(3) Of 390 3, 64 | Christ exercised over the sacraments;~(4) Whether He could transmit 391 3, 64 | power of administering the ~sacraments?~(6) Whether the wicked 392 3, 64 | sin in administering the sacraments?~(7) Whether the angels 393 3, 64 | can be ministers of the sacraments?~(8) Whether the minister' 394 3, 64 | intention is necessary in the sacraments?~(9) Whether right faith 395 3, 64 | offered up in conferring the ~sacraments. But the prayers of the 396 3, 64 | inward effect of all the sacraments is justification, it seems ~ 397 3, 64 | interior effect of certain sacraments, is an instrumental power 398 3, 64 | for the reception of the ~sacraments. In like manner also priests 399 3, 64 | conferring on them the ~sacraments of grace; as Dionysius explains ( 400 3, 64 | which are said in giving the sacraments, are ~offered to God, not 401 3, 64 | of which operates in the sacraments, as ~stated above (Q[62], 402 3, 64 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the sacraments are instituted by God alone?~ 403 3, 64 | OBJ 1: It seems that the sacraments are not instituted by God 404 3, 64 | Holy ~Scripture. But in the sacraments certain things are done 405 3, 64 | which we employ in the sacraments. ~Therefore the sacraments 406 3, 64 | sacraments. ~Therefore the sacraments were not instituted by God 407 3, 64 | there is no need ~for the sacraments to be instituted by God.~ 408 3, 64 | successors can institute new sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 409 3, 64 | A[1]; Q[62], ~A[1]), the sacraments are instrumental causes 410 3, 64 | viz. he who institutes the sacraments, ~and he who makes use of 411 3, 64 | alone can institute the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 412 3, 64 | institutions observed in the sacraments are not ~essential to the 413 3, 64 | solemnity which is added to ~the sacraments in order to arouse devotion 414 3, 64 | is built on faith and the sacraments of faith. ~Wherefore, just 415 3, 64 | faith, nor institute other sacraments: on the ~contrary, the Church 416 3, 64 | to be built up with the sacraments "which ~flowed from the 417 3, 64 | the institution of the sacraments belongs to him who ~acts 418 3, 64 | that Christ instituted the sacraments. Therefore it is He ~that 419 3, 64 | sacrament operates. But the sacraments derive ~their power from 420 3, 64 | The Divine power ~in the sacraments works inwardly in producing 421 3, 64 | as God, He works in the ~sacraments by authority: but, as man, 422 3, 64 | ministers of the Church and the ~sacraments themselves, as has been 423 3, 64 | of "authority" over the sacraments, so, ~as man, He has the 424 3, 64 | Passion operates in the sacraments, as stated above (Q[62], 425 3, 64 | of excellence over ~the sacraments consists in this, that they 426 3, 64 | His name. And because the sacraments derive their power ~from 427 3, 64 | power, could institute the ~sacraments. And since cause does not 428 3, 64 | power which He had in ~the sacraments?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 429 3, 64 | power ~which He had in the sacraments. For as Augustine argues 430 3, 64 | power that Christ has in the sacraments, it seems that He could 431 3, 64 | a twofold power in the ~sacraments. one was the power of "authority," 432 3, 64 | invocation of their names, the sacraments would be ~sanctified - and 433 3, 64 | themselves might institute sacraments, and by ~their mere will 434 3, 64 | should be various kinds of sacraments, giving rise to division 435 3, 64 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the sacraments can be conferred by evil 436 3, 64 | OBJ 1: It seems that the sacraments cannot be conferred by evil ~ 437 3, 64 | evil ~ministers. For the sacraments of the New Law are ordained 438 3, 64 | seems, therefore, that the sacraments ~cannot be conferred by 439 3, 64 | Further, all the power of the sacraments is derived from Christ, ~ 440 3, 64 | Therefore it seems that the sacraments cannot be ~conferred by 441 3, 64 | that is required for the ~sacraments, the sacrament is invalid; 442 3, 64 | work ~instrumentally in the sacraments, because, in a way, a minister 443 3, 64 | the Church can confer the sacraments, though they be wicked.~ 444 3, 64 | sin those who approach the sacraments, nor do they confer ~grace 445 3, 64 | those who approach the ~sacraments receive an effect whereby 446 3, 64 | that Christ works in the sacraments, both by wicked men as ~ 447 3, 64 | sin in administering the sacraments?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 448 3, 64 | sin in administering the ~sacraments. For just as men serve God 449 3, 64 | as men serve God in the sacraments, so do they serve ~Him in 450 3, 64 | sin in administering the ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 451 3, 64 | ministers sin in administering ~sacraments, those who receive sacraments 452 3, 64 | sacraments, those who receive sacraments from them, co-operate in 453 3, 64 | to sin in administering sacraments, they would be in a state ~ 454 3, 64 | they did not ~administer sacraments; for instance, when by reason 455 3, 64 | sin in administering the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 456 3, 64 | fitting for the ministers of sacraments ~to be righteous; because 457 3, 64 | Church, by conferring the ~sacraments. And since this sin pertains 458 3, 64 | On the other hand, the sacraments are holy in themselves owing ~ 459 3, 64 | bounden duty to minister sacraments; ~because he can repent 460 3, 64 | is not so with the other sacraments, which ~are not so necessary 461 3, 64 | Whether angels can administer sacraments?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 462 3, 64 | that angels can administer sacraments. Because a higher ~minister 463 3, 64 | men can be ministers of sacraments, it seems ~that much more 464 3, 64 | can be ministers of the ~sacraments; since the sacramental character 465 3, 64 | too can be ministers of ~sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 466 3, 64 | wicked are his members. But sacraments can be ~administered by 467 3, 64 | appertain to God, i.e. ~in the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 468 3, 64 | the whole power of ~the sacraments flows from Christ's Passion, 469 3, 64 | angels, ~to dispense the sacraments and to take part in their 470 3, 64 | not bind His power to the ~sacraments, so as to be unable to bestow 471 3, 64 | power to ~administer the sacraments. And since good angels are 472 3, 64 | manner, i.e. by sensible ~sacraments, which are proportionate 473 3, 64 | consequently ~not in regard to the sacraments.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[64] A[ 474 3, 64 | their power of conferring sacraments ~to their being members 475 3, 64 | salvation; the more that some sacraments are necessary for salvation, ~ 476 3, 64 | But sometimes ministers of sacraments do not attend to what ~they 477 3, 64 | operation. Therefore the sacraments ~require the intention of 478 3, 64 | things ~which are done in the sacraments, can be done with various 479 3, 64 | which are pronounced in the ~sacraments; for instance the words, " 480 3, 64 | seemingly, cannot confer ~sacraments. For Cyprian says in an 481 3, 64 | light of all the heavenly sacraments is extinguished in the see 482 3, 64 | the dispensation of the sacraments belongs. Therefore a ~sacrament 483 3, 64 | not prejudicial to God's ~sacraments, by rendering them either 484 3, 64 | works ~instrumentally in the sacraments, he acts not by his own 485 3, 64 | even sinners can confer ~sacraments, as stated above (A[5]); 486 3, 64 | Some heretics in conferring sacraments do not observe the ~form 487 3, 64 | that anyone receives the sacraments ~from them, he sins; and 488 3, 64 | that ~"the light of the sacraments was extinguished in the 489 3, 64 | power of administering the sacraments belongs to the ~spiritual 490 3, 64 | the power of conferring sacraments, but the ~permission to 491 3, 64 | will be darksome." ~But the sacraments of Christ cannot be contaminated 492 3, 65 | 1 - OF THE NUMBER OF THE SACRAMENTS (FOUR ARTICLES)~We have 493 3, 65 | consider the number of the sacraments: and concerning ~this there 494 3, 65 | Whether there are seven sacraments?~(2) The order of the sacraments 495 3, 65 | sacraments?~(2) The order of the sacraments among themselves;~(3) Their 496 3, 65 | comparison;~(4) Whether all the sacraments are necessary for salvation?~ 497 3, 65 | Whether there should be seven sacraments?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[65] A[ 498 3, 65 | there ought not to be seven sacraments. For the ~sacraments derive 499 3, 65 | seven sacraments. For the ~sacraments derive their efficacy from 500 3, 65 | and guilt. Therefore two ~sacraments would be enough.~Aquin.:


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