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penally 1
penalties 46
penalty 78
penance 1018
penances 4
pence 1
penetrate 18
Frequency    [«  »]
1033 particular
1024 consists
1022 15
1018 penance
1014 parts
1012 wisdom
1010 see
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

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penance

1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1018

     Part, Question
1 1, 20 | the one sinner that doth penance, more than ~upon ninety-nine 2 1, 20 | ninety-nine just who need not penance" (Lk. 15:7). Therefore God ~ 3 1, 62 | God upon one sinner doing penance." Such joy ~belongs to their 4 1, 63 | God upon one sinner doing penance." Such joy ~belongs to their 5 1, 94 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, penance is a virtue that regards 6 1, 94 | to the act; for instance, penance, which is sorrow for sin ~ 7 1, 94 | as we have said above of ~penance and of mercy. But other 8 1, 112 | sorrow is contrary to joy, so penance is contrary to ~sin. But 9 1, 112 | rejoice about one sinner doing penance, as we are told, ~Lk. 15: 10 2, 35 | according to God, worketh penance steadfast unto ~salvation." 11 2, 39 | were made ~sorrowful unto penance." Secondly, a thing is to 12 2, 59 | according to God ~worketh penance steadfast unto salvation." 13 2, 76 | benignity of God leadeth thee to penance?" says: "Thy ~sin is most 14 2, 85 | is removed by Baptism or ~Penance. Therefore they are not 15 2, 88 | thus Ambrose says that "penance makes every sin venial": ~ 16 2, 91 | saying (Mt. ~4:17): "Do penance, for the kingdom of heaven 17 2, 102 | lamb. The ~sacrament of Penance in the New Law corresponds 18 2, 108 | seventy-two ~disciples, Penance, and indissoluble Matrimony. 19 2, 3 | Now confession belongs to ~penance of which it is a part. Therefore 20 2, 3 | sins, which is the end of penance, to which virtue it ~therefore 21 2, 11 | admitted by the Church to Penance whereby the ~way of salvation 22 2, 11 | Church not only admits to Penance those who return ~from heresy 23 2, 11 | again, they are admitted to Penance, but are not delivered from 24 2, 13 | There is none that doth penance for his sin, saying: What 25 2, 27 | Hom. in Evang. xxxiv), "penance ~consists in deploring past 26 2, 27 | deplored." But there is no true penance without charity. Therefore ~ 27 2, 37 | are ~sometimes led to do penance ~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[39] A[ 28 2, 64 | through stress of need. For ~penance is not imposed except on 29 2, 64 | clothing or beast, he shall do penance for three ~weeks." Therefore 30 2, 66 | are able to save souls by Penance, we are unable to remove ~ 31 2, 85 | but ~when they have done penance, tithes may be accepted 32 2, 86 | bound over and above to ~do penance for his past fault: thus 33 2, 93 | divinations shall be liable to a ~penance of five years' duration, 34 2, 93 | to the fixed grades of ~penance."~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[95] A[ 35 2, 98 | Further, the sacrament of Penance is a necessary sacrament ~ 36 2, 98 | return, and do perpetual ~penance under a stricter rule, or 37 2, 98 | allowing him after doing penance to retain his order in ~ 38 2, 145 | in sign of more ~severe penance, according to Jonas 3:7, " 39 2, 150 | every virtue is recovered by penance. But virginity is ~not recovered 40 2, 150 | virginity is ~not recovered by penance: wherefore Jerome says [* 41 2, 150 | Virtue can be recovered by penance as regards that which is ~ 42 2, 152 | before, and have not done penance for the uncleanness and 43 2, 152 | should know that the same penance is to be enjoined ~for perjury 44 2, 152 | 12:, "And have not done ~penance for the uncleanness and 45 2, 152 | read: "And have not done penance for the ~uncleanness, and 46 2, 167 | says: "He who ~preaches penance, wears the garb of penance."~ 47 2, 167 | penance, wears the garb of penance."~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[169] 48 2, 183 | monastery that he may do penance, he cannot be reappointed 49 2, 184 | Wherefore since it belongs to penance to cut out the ~causes of 50 2, 184 | most fitting ~place for penance. Hence (XXXIII, qu. ii, 51 2, 184 | rather than to do public penance while remaining in ~the 52 2, 185 | pray for ~sinners, impose penance, and absolve from sin."~ 53 2, 185 | that they cannot confer penance, nor christen, nor ~absolve 54 2, 185 | enjoined to some ~people as a penance for grievous sins to go 55 2, 185 | especially at doing works of ~penance. Now in works of penance 56 2, 185 | penance. Now in works of penance we should use, not outward 57 2, 185 | religion is a state of penance and of contempt of worldly 58 2, 185 | says: "He who preaches ~penance is clothed in the habit 59 2, 185 | clothed in the habit of penance." Thirdly, on account of ~ 60 2, 186 | religious state is a state of penance, as we have ~said above ( 61 2, 186 | worldly soldiering after doing penance." Therefore it is ~unfitting 62 2, 186 | of God is imposed as a ~penance on some people, as in the 63 2, 187 | satisfaction, even that of ~public penance, according to the Decretals ( 64 3, 1 | that they would have ~done penance with great humility if these 65 3, 38 | by persuading men to do penance, he might prepare men to ~ 66 3, 38 | For just as he preached penance, and ~foretold the baptism 67 3, 38 | since it led men to do penance, as stated above.~Aquin.: 68 3, 38 | preaching the ~baptism of penance unto remission of sins." 69 3, 38 | remission of sins." But penance and remission of ~sins are 70 3, 38 | baptize you in ~water unto penance." Which words Gregory thus 71 3, 38 | Christ's baptism; thirdly, by penance, ~preparing men to receive 72 3, 38 | a twofold ~baptism of penance may be understood. one is 73 3, 38 | is called "a baptism of penance," etc., by reason of its ~ 74 3, 38 | its ~inducing men to do penance, and of its being a kind 75 3, 38 | avowed their purpose of doing penance. The other is the baptism ~ 76 3, 38 | preached the "baptism of penance," i.e. which ~induced men 77 3, 38 | which ~induced men to do penance, which penance leads men 78 3, 38 | men to do penance, which penance leads men on to "the remission ~ 79 3, 38 | preached the baptism of penance unto remission of sins," 80 3, 38 | obtained through subsequent penance and through the baptism 81 3, 38 | Christ, ~for which that penance was a preparation.~Aquin.: 82 3, 38 | therefrom, save only the sign of penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[38] A[ 83 3, 38 | This was the baptism of "penance," for which children were ~ 84 3, 38 | people with the baptism of penance, ~saying: That they should 85 3, 39 | baptism was the "baptism of penance." ~But penance is unbecoming 86 3, 39 | baptism of penance." ~But penance is unbecoming to Christ, 87 3, 39 | not refuse the laver of penance."~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[39] A[ 88 3, 46 | according to God worketh ~penance, steadfast unto salvation." 89 3, 48 | clear in the other parts of ~penance, because he who has done 90 3, 49 | sins, such as baptism and penance. Consequently it seems ~ 91 3, 49 | is done by ~baptism and penance and the other sacraments, 92 3, 51 | their bitterness denote penance, by which man ~keeps Christ 93 3, 55 | Para. 2/2~But that a public penance is imposed upon public sinners, 94 3, 59 | God upon ~one sinner doing penance": and furthermore as to 95 3, 63 | reiterated, for instance, penance and ~matrimony. Therefore 96 3, 63 | worship. Thus it is clear that penance, whereby man is delivered 97 3, 65 | against original sin, and ~Penance against mortal sin. Therefore 98 3, 65 | spiritual life there is Penance, ~according to Ps. 40:5: " 99 3, 65 | soul's proneness to sin; Penance, against actual ~sin committed 100 3, 65 | sufficiently removed by ~Penance, whether through negligence 101 3, 65 | ordained against ~ignorance; Penance to Justice, being ordained 102 3, 65 | they ~belong secondarily to Penance and Extreme Unction. And 103 3, 65 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, Penance prepares man for the Eucharist. 104 3, 65 | precedes perfection. Therefore Penance should precede the ~Eucharist.~ 105 3, 65 | cause of harm; such are Penance and Extreme ~Unction: while, 106 3, 65 | healing which was begun by Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[65] A[ 107 3, 65 | This argument would hold if Penance were required of ~necessity 108 3, 65 | mortal sin, he does not need Penance in order to ~receive the 109 3, 65 | Eucharist. Thus it is clear that Penance is an accidental ~preparation 110 3, 65 | righteous, didst ~not impose penance on righteous men." [*The 111 3, 65 | from this ~sacrament. By Penance and Extreme Unction man 112 3, 65 | place. The sacraments of Penance ~and Extreme Unction are 113 3, 65 | Unction is compared ~to Penance, as Confirmation to Baptism; 114 3, 65 | Baptism; in such a way, that Penance is ~more necessary, whereas 115 3, 65 | simply and absolutely; ~Penance, in the case of mortal sin 116 3, 65 | Extreme Unction perfects Penance; while ~Matrimony, by multiplying 117 3, 66 | 3) the Eucharist; (4) Penance; (5) Extreme Unction; (6) ~ 118 3, 66 | out on being submitted to ~Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[66] A[ 119 3, 67 | necessary sacrament, so is Penance. ~But a layman cannot absolve 120 3, 67 | absolve in the tribunal of Penance. Neither, ~therefore, can 121 3, 67 | above (Q[65], AA[3],4), Penance is not so ~necessary as 122 3, 68 | Augustine ~says in his book on Penance (Serm. cccli) that "no man 123 3, 68 | reparation to God by works of ~penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[68] A[ 124 3, 68 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, Penance is required before Baptism, 125 3, 68 | according to Acts ~2:38: "Do penance and be baptized every one 126 3, 68 | confession is a ~part of Penance. Therefore it seems that 127 3, 68 | Augustine says in his book on Penance (Serm. cccli). The other 128 3, 68 | belongs ~to the sacrament of Penance, which is not required before 129 3, 68 | however, ~was the Baptism of Penance. Consequently it was fitting 130 3, 68 | that they ~should receive a penance in proportion to their sins. 131 3, 68 | Baptism is without outward penance, as Ambrose says (on Rm. 132 3, 68 | is a part of sacramental Penance, which is not ~required 133 3, 68 | but the inward virtue of ~Penance is required.~Aquin.: SMT 134 3, 69 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, Penance is a sufficient cause of 135 3, 69 | remission of actual ~sins. But penance is required in adults before 136 3, 69 | according to Acts ~2:38: "Do penance and be baptized every one 137 3, 69 | this obstacle is removed by Penance, Baptism forthwith ~produces 138 3, 69 | removed by Baptism but by Penance: and ~when it is removed, 139 3, 69 | And so both Baptism and Penance concur in producing the 140 3, 69 | direct efficient cause, Penance as the ~indirect cause, 141 3, 69 | indeed remitted, but by Penance, not by ~Baptism. Wherefore 142 3, 71 | we may say that just as Penance is given as a further remedy 143 3, 72 | except they be restored by Penance. ~Wherefore was it decreed 144 3, 72 | perfects the effects of ~Penance, as of Baptism: because 145 3, 80 | So ~likewise Baptism and Penance are as purgative medicines, 146 3, 80 | receive the ~sacrament of Penance; and if, when the priest 147 3, 80 | receive the sacrament ~of Penance. then if it be thought that 148 3, 83 | altar ~and let the priest do penance for forty days. But if a 149 3, 83 | suck up the drop, and do ~penance during three days; if it 150 3, 83 | cloth, let him do four days' penance; if ~it penetrates to the 151 3, 83 | third, let him do nine days' penance; if to the ~fourth, let 152 3, 83 | let him do twenty days' penance; and let the altar linens 153 3, 83 | let him do forty days' penance, if he be a layman; but 154 3, 83 | priests, do seventy days' penance; and let ~a bishop do ninety 155 3, 83 | from sickness, let them do ~penance for seven days." And in 156 3, 83 | it, must do forty days' ~penance: he who loses it in a church, 157 3, 83 | shall do thirty days' penance." And the priest seems to 158 3, 83 | seems to deserve the same ~penance, who from neglect allows 159 3, 83 | those days ~the one doing penance ought to fast, and abstain 160 3, 84 | TP Q[84] Out. Para. 1/3 - PENANCE (QQ[84]-90)~OF THE SACRAMENT 161 3, 84 | 90)~OF THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE (TEN ARTICLES)~We must now 162 3, 84 | consider the Sacrament of Penance. We shall consider (1) ~ 163 3, 84 | We shall consider (1) ~Penance itself; (2) Its effect; ( 164 3, 84 | considerations will be two fold: (1) Penance as a ~sacrament; (2) Penance 165 3, 84 | Penance as a ~sacrament; (2) Penance as a virtue.~Aquin.: SMT 166 3, 84 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether Penance is a sacrament? ~(2) Of 167 3, 84 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether Penance is a sacrament?~Aquin.: 168 3, 84 | OBJ 1: It would seem that Penance is not a sacrament. For 169 3, 84 | this does not happen in Penance, because therein ~corporeal 170 3, 84 | our salvation. Therefore Penance is not a sacrament.~Aquin.: 171 3, 84 | mysteries of ~God." But Penance is not conferred by the 172 3, 84 | didst convert me, I did penance." Therefore it seems that 173 3, 84 | Therefore it seems that Penance is not ~a sacrament.~Aquin.: 174 3, 84 | But this does not apply to Penance. ~Therefore Penance is not 175 3, 84 | apply to Penance. ~Therefore Penance is not a sacrament.~Aquin.: 176 3, 84 | cleansed from ~sin, so also is Penance: wherefore Peter said to 177 3, 84 | Magus (Acts 8:22): ~"Do penance . . . from this thy wickedness." 178 3, 84 | Therefore for the same reason Penance is ~also a sacrament.~Aquin.: 179 3, 84 | Now it is ~evident that in Penance something is done so that 180 3, 84 | Therefore it is evident that Penance, as practiced in ~the Church, 181 3, 84 | matter, as in the case of Penance and Matrimony, even ~as 182 3, 84 | But in the sacrament of ~Penance, as stated above (ad 1), 183 3, 84 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: In Penance also, there is something 184 3, 84 | not the proper matter of Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 185 3, 84 | venial. Now the ~sacrament of Penance is not ordained against 186 3, 84 | not the proper matter of Penance. [*The words in ~brackets 187 3, 84 | Who) have not done ~penance for the uncleanness and 188 3, 84 | are the remote matter ~of Penance, as a matter, not for approval, 189 3, 84 | death is the object of ~Penance, not as regards the punishment, 190 3, 84 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Penance regards every kind of sin 191 3, 84 | in ~the same way. Because Penance regards actual mortal sin 192 3, 84 | blotting out of mortal sin. Penance regards ~venial sins, properly 193 3, 84 | But ~as to original sin, Penance regards it neither chiefly, 194 3, 84 | since Baptism, ~and not Penance, is ordained against original 195 3, 84 | have sinned." Nevertheless, Penance may be said to regard ~original 196 3, 84 | namely the sacrament of Penance, consists not in the ~consecration 197 3, 84 | said ~to be the matter of Penance, as explained above (A[2]). 198 3, 84 | 2/2~Now the sacrament of Penance is ordained, not that man 199 3, 84 | sorrow is essential to Penance, according to 2 Cor. 7:10: " 200 3, 84 | according to God worketh penance steadfast unto salvation." ~ 201 3, 84 | Therefore a good will without Penance suffices for salvation.~ 202 3, 84 | without the sacrament of Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 203 3, 84 | adulterous woman without Penance. Therefore it seems that 204 3, 84 | Therefore it seems that Penance is not ~necessary for salvation.~ 205 3, 84 | 3): "Unless you shall do penance, ~you shall all likewise 206 3, 84 | Christ. The sacrament of Penance is necessary on a ~supposition, 207 3, 84 | without ~the sacrament of Penance, wherein the power of Christ' 208 3, 84 | after ~sin the sacrament of Penance is necessary for salvation, 209 3, 84 | sin, and which belongs to Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 210 3, 84 | deliver him from sin, without Penance. Because charity demands ~ 211 3, 84 | effect of the sacrament of Penance, viz. the ~forgiveness of 212 3, 84 | without the sacrament of Penance, although not ~without internal 213 3, 84 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether Penance is a second plank after 214 3, 84 | OBJ 1: It would seem that Penance is not a second plank after 215 3, 84 | to hide one's sins." Now ~Penance does not hide sins, but 216 3, 84 | reveals them. Therefore Penance is not a ~second plank.~ 217 3, 84 | in the spiritual edifice, Penance is the foundation, ~according 218 3, 84 | again the foundation of Penance from ~dead works"; wherefore 219 3, 84 | according to Acts 2:38: ~"Do penance, and be baptized every one 220 3, 84 | every one of you." Therefore Penance should ~not be called a 221 3, 84 | helps against sin. ~Now Penance holds, not the second but 222 3, 84 | 65], AA[1],2). ~Therefore Penance should not be called a second 223 3, 84 | Jerome says (Ep. cxxx) that "Penance is a second plank ~after 224 3, 84 | spiritual food; whereas Penance is ordained to ~man's salvation 225 3, 84 | would not stand in need ~of Penance and yet he would need Baptism, 226 3, 84 | Body Para. 2/2~Consequently Penance holds the second place with 227 3, 84 | he regain it by means of Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 228 3, 84 | that it ~takes away sin, as Penance does, but because it makes 229 3, 84 | confess it: this is opposed to Penance, and to hide one's ~sins 230 3, 84 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Penance cannot be called the foundation 231 3, 84 | his return to God, needs Penance first. However, the ~Apostle 232 3, 84 | doctrine. ~Moreover, the penance which precedes Baptism is 233 3, 84 | is not the sacrament of ~Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 234 3, 84 | sacraments which precede Penance refer to the ~ship in its 235 3, 84 | integrity, with regard to ~which Penance is called a second plank.~ 236 3, 84 | its contrary. Therefore Penance was unsuitably ~instituted 237 3, 84 | in the New. Now there was Penance in the old Law wherefore 238 3, 84 | There is none that doth penance for ~his sin, saying: What 239 3, 84 | have I done?" Therefore Penance should not have ~been instituted 240 3, 84 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, Penance comes after Baptism, since 241 3, 84 | that our Lord instituted Penance ~before Baptism, because 242 3, 84 | He ~said (Mt. 4:17): "Do penance, for the kingdom of heaven 243 3, 84 | the third day: and that penance ~and remission of sins should 244 3, 84 | institution that ~man does penance in this or that way. Wherefore 245 3, 84 | repent, but also to "do ~penance," thus pointing to the particular 246 3, 84 | He said (Lk. 24:47) that "penance and remission ~of sins should 247 3, 84 | FS, Q[99], so was it with Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 248 3, 84 | perfection of the New. Wherefore Penance ~was fixed in a certain 249 3, 84 | words about the necessity of Penance (Mt. 4:17); because He spoke 250 3, 84 | whereas His words ~about Penance were said after John was 251 3, 84 | had admonished men to do penance before admonishing them ~ 252 3, 84 | before Baptism some kind of ~penance is required, according to 253 3, 84 | Peter (Acts 2:38): "Do ~penance, and be baptized, every 254 3, 84 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether Penance should last till the end 255 3, 84 | OBJ 1: It would seem that Penance should not last till the 256 3, 84 | the end of life. ~Because Penance is ordained for the blotting 257 3, 84 | 18:21: "If ~the wicked do penance for all his sins which he 258 3, 84 | Therefore there is no need for Penance to ~be further prolonged.~ 259 3, 84 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, Penance belongs to the state of 260 3, 84 | Therefore man need not do Penance ~till the end of his life.~ 261 3, 84 | sin one is bound to do ~penance for so many years. Therefore 262 3, 84 | Therefore it seems that Penance should not be ~prolonged 263 3, 84 | Para. 1/2~I answer that, Penance is twofold, internal and 264 3, 84 | and external. Internal ~penance is that whereby one grieves 265 3, 84 | has committed, and this ~penance should last until the end 266 3, 84 | Body Para. 2/2~External penance is that whereby a man shows 267 3, 84 | judgment of the priest. Such ~penance need not last until the 268 3, 84 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: True penance not only removes past sins, 269 3, 84 | first instant of his true penance, nevertheless he ~must persevere 270 3, 84 | he ~must persevere in his penance, lest he fall again into 271 3, 84 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: To do penance both internal and external 272 3, 84 | there is room for internal penance even in the ~proficient 273 3, 84 | the exercise of external penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 274 3, 84 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether Penance can be continuous?~Aquin.: 275 3, 84 | OBJ 1: It would seem that penance cannot be continuous. For 276 3, 84 | this would be impossible if penance were continuous, for ~it 277 3, 84 | weeping and tears. Therefore penance cannot be continuous.~Aquin.: 278 3, 84 | with gladness." Now to do penance is a good ~work. Therefore 279 3, 84 | which ~is essential to penance. Therefore penance cannot 280 3, 84 | essential to penance. Therefore penance cannot be continuous. ~Aquin.: 281 3, 84 | grief, which is essential to penance. ~Therefore penance need 282 3, 84 | essential to penance. ~Therefore penance need not be continuous.~ 283 3, 84 | Augustine says in his book on Penance [*De vera et ~falsa Poenitentia, 284 3, 84 | which is unknown]: "In doing penance ~grief should be continual."~ 285 3, 84 | doing anything contrary to penance, so as to destroy the ~habitual 286 3, 84 | belong to the act of external penance, ~and this act needs neither 287 3, 84 | proceed to acts ~of external penance. This, however, does not 288 3, 84 | however, does not prevent penance being ~continual, as explained 289 3, 84 | continuance, not of habitual penance, but only of actual ~penance.~ 290 3, 84 | penance, but only of actual ~penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[84] A[ 291 3, 84 | Whether the sacrament of Penance may be repeated?~Aquin.: 292 3, 84 | seem that the sacrament of Penance should not be ~repeated. 293 3, 84 | to be ~renewed again to penance." Now whosoever have done 294 3, 84 | Now whosoever have done penance, have been ~illuminated, 295 3, 84 | whosoever sin after doing penance, cannot do penance again.~ 296 3, 84 | doing penance, cannot do penance again.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[ 297 3, 84 | think they ought often to do penance, who take liberties with 298 3, 84 | would not think of doing penance over ~again, since there 299 3, 84 | since there is but one Penance even as there is but one 300 3, 84 | Neither, therefore, is Penance to be ~repeated.~Aquin.: 301 3, 84 | Hom. xxxiv in Evang.): "Penance consists ~in deploring past 302 3, 84 | not sin again. Therefore Penance cannot be ~repeated.~Aquin.: 303 3, 84 | Passion of ~Christ, so does Penance. Now Baptism is not repeated, 304 3, 84 | Therefore in like manner Penance is ~not repeated. ~Aquin.: 305 3, 84 | frequently grants pardon through Penance, it seems that He ~affords 306 3, 84 | His goodness. Therefore Penance cannot be ~repeated.~Aquin.: 307 3, 84 | and over again, through Penance, ~grants pardon to sinners, 308 3, 84 | answer that, As regards Penance, some have erred, saying 309 3, 84 | pardon of his sins through Penance a second time. Some of ~ 310 3, 84 | who sins after ~the first Penance which is done in Baptism, 311 3, 84 | restored again ~through Penance. There were also other heretics 312 3, 84 | said that, after Baptism, Penance is useful, not many times, ~ 313 3, 84 | knowing the nature of true Penance. For since true Penance 314 3, 84 | Penance. For since true Penance requires ~charity, without 315 3, 84 | and that, consequently, Penance, if ~true, could never be 316 3, 84 | consequently, after true Penance, a man can sin mortally. ~ 317 3, 84 | so God's mercy, through Penance, grants ~pardon to sinners 318 3, 84 | is therefore evident that Penance can be ~repeated many times.~ 319 3, 84 | to be renewed again to ~penance," viz. through Baptism, 320 3, 84 | Ambrose is speaking of solemn Penance, which is not ~repeated 321 3, 84 | 4 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 4: Penance is to deplore past sins, 322 3, 84 | penitent, who, ~"while doing penance," does what he repents having 323 3, 84 | the fact that his former penance was real, because the ~reality 324 3, 84 | once. On the other hand, Penance ~derives its power from 325 3, 85 | 85] Out. Para. 1/1 - OF PENANCE AS A VIRTUE (SIX ARTICLES)~ 326 3, 85 | ARTICLES)~We must now consider penance as a virtue, under which 327 3, 85 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether penance is a virtue?~(2) Whether 328 3, 85 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether Penance is a virtue?~Aquin.: SMT 329 3, 85 | OBJ 1: It would seem that penance is not a virtue. For penance 330 3, 85 | penance is not a virtue. For penance is a ~sacrament numbered 331 3, 85 | virtue. Therefore neither ~is penance a virtue.~Aquin.: SMT TP 332 3, 85 | man. ~Now, in like manner, penance is a passion accompanied 333 3, 85 | xxxiv in ~Evang.) that "penance consists in deploring past 334 3, 85 | virtuous man. ~Therefore penance is not a virtue.~Aquin.: 335 3, 85 | is what we ~understand by penance. Therefore penance is not 336 3, 85 | understand by penance. Therefore penance is not a virtue.~Aquin.: 337 3, 85 | there is a precept about penance in the Divine law, according 338 3, 85 | according to ~Mt. 4:17: "Do penance," etc. Therefore penance 339 3, 85 | penance," etc. Therefore penance is a virtue.~Aquin.: SMT 340 3, 85 | appetite, and in this sense penance is not a virtue, but a ~ 341 3, 85 | this is observed in the ~penance of which we are speaking 342 3, 85 | Hence it is evident that the penance of which we are speaking 343 3, 85 | 3), in the ~sacrament of Penance, human acts take the place 344 3, 85 | a ~principle of an act, penance is either a virtue or accompanies 345 3, 85 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Penance, considered as a passion, 346 3, 85 | which, however, applies to penance ~rather than to shame. Because 347 3, 85 | deed as present, ~whereas penance regards the evil deed as 348 3, 85 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether Penance is a special virtue?~Aquin.: 349 3, 85 | OBJ 1: It would seem that penance is not a special virtue. 350 3, 85 | like manner, neither is penance, ~which is sorrow for past 351 3, 85 | acts by their objects. But ~penance has no special matter, because 352 3, 85 | matter whatever. Therefore penance is not a special virtue.~ 353 3, 85 | except by its contrary. But penance ~removes all sins. Therefore 354 3, 85 | a special precept about penance, as stated ~above (Q[84], 355 3, 85 | for praising the act of penance, because it aims at the ~ 356 3, 85 | therefore conclude that penance is ~a special virtue.~Aquin.: 357 3, 85 | OBJ 2: In point of fact, penance has indeed a general matter, ~ 358 3, 85 | from the same subject: ~but penance removes every sin effectively, 359 3, 85 | 1~Whether the virtue of penance is a species of justice?~ 360 3, 85 | seem that the virtue of penance is not a species of ~justice. 361 3, 85 | the SS, Q[62], A[3]. But penance seems to be a theological ~ 362 3, 85 | Therefore it seems that penance ~is not a species of justice. ~ 363 3, 85 | observes the mean. ~Now penance does not observe the mean, 364 3, 85 | lamentation." Therefore penance is not a species of justice.~ 365 3, 85 | and "commutative." But penance does not seem to be ~contained 366 3, 85 | Therefore it seems that penance is not a ~species of justice.~ 367 3, 85 | But weeping is an act of penance. ~Therefore penance is a 368 3, 85 | act of penance. ~Therefore penance is a species of prudence 369 3, 85 | authorship of which is unknown]: "Penance is the ~vengeance of the 370 3, 85 | Therefore it seems that penance is a species of justice.~ 371 3, 85 | stated above (A[1], ad 2) penance is a special virtue ~not 372 3, 85 | Wherefore it is ~evident that penance, as a virtue, is a part 373 3, 85 | just that we consider in penance. Wherefore the penitent 374 3, 85 | commutation. Hence the matter of penance is not God, but human acts, ~ 375 3, 85 | Wherefore it is evident that penance is not a theological ~virtue, 376 3, 85 | meant by ascribing excess to penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[85] A[ 377 3, 85 | accord, which belongs to ~penance, which regards the person 378 3, 85 | 1~Reply OBJ 4: Although penance is directly a species of 379 3, 85 | which is ~God. Consequently penance comprises faith in Christ' 380 3, 85 | properly the subject of penance?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[85] A[ 381 3, 85 | seem that the subject of penance is not properly the ~will. 382 3, 85 | properly the ~will. For penance is a species of sorrow. 383 3, 85 | even as joy is. Therefore penance is in the ~concupiscible 384 3, 85 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, penance is a kind of vengeance, 385 3, 85 | Therefore it seems that penance is in ~the irascible part.~ 386 3, 85 | Philosopher (De Memoria i). Now penance regards the past, as ~stated 387 3, 85 | ad 2, ad 3). Therefore penance is subjected in the ~memory.~ 388 3, 85 | acts where it is not. Now penance removes sin ~from all the 389 3, 85 | powers of the soul. Therefore penance is in every power of ~the 390 3, 85 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Penance is a kind of sacrifice, 391 3, 85 | sacrifice to ~Thee." Therefore penance is in the will.~Aquin.: 392 3, 85 | answer that, We can speak of penance in two ways: first, in so 393 3, 85 | Therefore it is evident that penance, in so ~far as it is a virtue, 394 3, 85 | This argument considers penance as a passion.~Aquin.: SMT 395 3, 85 | apprehends the past. But penance ~belongs not to the apprehensive 396 3, 85 | apprehension. Wherefore penance is not in the ~memory, but 397 3, 85 | is not unreasonable ~for penance to be subjected in the will, 398 3, 85 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether penance originates from fear?~Aquin.: 399 3, 85 | OBJ 1: It would seem that penance does not originate from 400 3, 85 | originate from fear. For ~penance originates in displeasure 401 3, 85 | above (A[3]). Therefore penance originates from love rather 402 3, 85 | Further, men are induced to do penance, through the expectation ~ 403 3, 85 | Mt. 3:2 and Mt. 4:17: "Do penance, ~for the kingdom of heaven 404 3, 85 | object of hope. Therefore penance results from hope rather 405 3, 85 | internal act of man. But penance does not ~seem to arise 406 3, 85 | didst convert me I did ~penance." Therefore penance does 407 3, 85 | did ~penance." Therefore penance does not result from fear.~ 408 3, 85 | pangs, so ere we become," by penance, to wit; and according to ~ 409 3, 85 | salvation," i.e. of salutary penance, as is ~clear from what 410 3, 85 | what precedes. Therefore penance results from fear.~Aquin.: 411 3, 85 | answer that, We may speak of penance in two ways: first, as to 412 3, 85 | Secondly, we may speak of penance, with regard to the acts ~ 413 3, 85 | to the acts ~whereby in penance we co-operate with God operating, 414 3, 85 | evident that the act of penance results from servile ~fear 415 3, 85 | Me?" And so the fact that penance ~results from fear does 416 3, 85 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether penance is the first of the virtues?~ 417 3, 85 | OBJ 1: It would seem that penance is the first of the virtues. 418 3, 85 | Because, ~on Mt. 3:2, "Do penance," etc., a gloss says: "The 419 3, 85 | and hate sin by means of penance."~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[85] A[ 420 3, 85 | man to do good; whereas penance seems to direct ~him to 421 3, 85 | Therefore it seems that penance precedes all ~the other 422 3, 85 | 1~OBJ 3: Further, before penance, there is sin in the soul. 423 3, 85 | Therefore no virtue precedes penance, ~which is itself the first 424 3, 85 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Penance results from faith, hope, 425 3, 85 | stated (AA[2],5). Therefore penance is not the first of the ~ 426 3, 85 | the act and the habit of penance, e.g. acts ~of dead faith 427 3, 85 | with the act and ~habit of penance, and with the habits of 428 3, 85 | sin, ~which is the act of penance, are simultaneous. Yet of 429 3, 85 | the act of the virtue of ~penance is directed against sin, 430 3, 85 | Body Para. 2/2~Consequently penance is not simply the first 431 3, 85 | their very nature, whereas penance is only necessary ~if something, 432 3, 85 | relation of the sacrament of penance to the other ~sacraments 433 3, 85 | meaning that the act of ~penance is the first in point of 434 3, 85 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Penance opens the door to the other 435 3, 86 | 1/2 - OF THE EFFECT OF PENANCE, AS REGARDS THE PARDON OF 436 3, 86 | now consider the effect of Penance; and (1) as regards the ~ 437 3, 86 | mortal sins are taken away by Penance?~(2) Whether they can be 438 3, 86 | can be taken away without Penance?~(3) Whether one can be 439 3, 86 | without the other?~(4) Whether Penance takes away the guilt while 440 3, 86 | of sin is the effect of Penance as a virtue, or ~as a sacrament? ~( 441 3, 86 | all sins are taken away by Penance?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 442 3, 86 | all sins are taken away by Penance. For ~the Apostle says ( 443 3, 86 | pardon and blessing through Penance": and it ~is related (2 444 3, 86 | all sins are taken away by Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 445 3, 86 | sin can be taken ~away by Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 446 3, 86 | can be pardoned through ~Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 447 3, 86 | cannot be taken away by Penance may ~happen in two ways: 448 3, 86 | sin; secondly, because of Penance being unable to blot out 449 3, 86 | cannot be ~blotted out by Penance, because their will is confirmed 450 3, 86 | spirit." Consequently such Penance brings no hope of ~pardon, 451 3, 86 | be pardoned through true ~Penance. First, because this is 452 3, 86 | s Passion, through which Penance produces its effect, as ~ 453 3, 86 | be ~blotted out by true Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 454 3, 86 | can be pardoned without Penance?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 455 3, 86 | can be pardoned without Penance. For the ~power of God is 456 3, 86 | sins of children without Penance. Therefore ~He also pardons 457 3, 86 | also pardons adults without penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 458 3, 86 | to the sacraments. But ~Penance is a sacrament. Therefore 459 3, 86 | can be pardoned ~without Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 460 3, 86 | other hand, if man ~"do not penance," it seems that God will 461 3, 86 | to be pardoned ~without penance, if we speak of penance 462 3, 86 | penance, if we speak of penance as a virtue. For, as sin 463 3, 86 | belongs to the ~nature of penance as a virtue. Therefore it 464 3, 86 | pardoned anyone without penance as a virtue.~Aquin.: SMT 465 3, 86 | 2/2~But the sacrament of Penance, as stated above (Q[88], 466 3, 86 | forgive without the virtue of ~penance: for as Gregory states ( 467 3, 86 | inwardly ~by grace," i.e. by penance, "her whom He received outwardly 468 3, 86 | which is the ~effect of Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 469 3, 86 | OBJ 2: This argument takes Penance as a sacrament.~Aquin.: 470 3, 86 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether by Penance one sin can be pardoned 471 3, 86 | 1: It would seem that by Penance one sin can be pardoned 472 3, 86 | one sin can be forgiven by Penance, without another.~Aquin.: 473 3, 86 | sin can be taken away by Penance without ~another being taken 474 3, 86 | Therefore God ~also, by Penance, forgives one sin without 475 3, 86 | seems possible for God, by Penance, ~to pardon one sin without 476 3, 86 | that, It is impossible for Penance to take one sin away without ~ 477 3, 86 | be forgiven without true Penance, to which it belongs ~to 478 3, 86 | to be pardoned ~through Penance, without another. Thirdly, 479 3, 86 | needs to ~be removed by Penance.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 480 3, 86 | has been forgiven ~through Penance? ~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 481 3, 86 | has been forgiven through Penance. For when the cause is removed, 482 3, 86 | forgiveness of sins is effected in Penance through ~the power of Christ' 483 3, 86 | debt of punishment. In ~Penance, on the other hand, man 484 3, 86 | which are the matter of ~Penance, as water is of Baptism, 485 3, 86 | after the ~first act of Penance, by which act the guilt 486 3, 86 | only when ~all the acts of Penance have been completed.~Aquin.: 487 3, 86 | of guilt is an effect of Penance?~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[86] A[ 488 3, 86 | guilt is not an effect of ~penance as a virtue. For penance 489 3, 86 | penance as a virtue. For penance is said to be a virtue, 490 3, 86 | guilt is not an effect of penance as a ~virtue.~Aquin.: SMT 491 3, 86 | are more excellent than penance. ~But the forgiveness of 492 3, 86 | therefore, is it the effect of penance as a virtue.~Aquin.: SMT 493 3, 86 | there is no remission." Now Penance, as a sacrament, produces 494 3, 86 | of sin is ~the effect of Penance, not as a virtue, but as 495 3, 86 | without the sacrament of Penance, ~but not without the virtue 496 3, 86 | not without the virtue of penance, as stated above (Q[84], 497 3, 86 | is chiefly the effect of penance as a virtue.~Aquin.: SMT 498 3, 86 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Penance is a virtue in so far as 499 3, 86 | element in the sacrament of Penance. Moreover ~every sacrament 500 3, 86 | of sin is the effect ~of Penance, chiefly by the power of


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