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Alphabetical    [«  »]
animalibus 1
animality 1
animalium 4
animals 881
animam 2
animate 38
animated 56
Frequency    [«  »]
887 cor
887 various
882 old
881 animals
879 possible
876 having
874 anger
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

animals

1-500 | 501-881

    Part, Question
1 1, 3 | whereby he excels other animals. Hence, ~when it is said, " 2 1, 3 | 26). Now man excels all animals by his reason and intelligence; 3 1, 3 | than simple elements, and animals than the ~parts that compose 4 1, 13 | instance, "healthy" applied to animals comes into the definition 5 1, 17 | statement as "some ~reasonable animals are four-footed" is false 6 1, 18 | life ~manifestly belongs to animals, for it said in De Vegetab. 7 1, 18 | De Plantis ~i, 1] that in animals life is manifest. We must, 8 1, 18 | that by reason of which ~animals are said to live: and this 9 1, 18 | life is preserved, is in animals. Similarly also every natural ~ 10 1, 18 | of shellfish and other animals without movement. Others 11 1, 18 | place to place, as perfect animals, such as ~quadrupeds, and 12 1, 18 | themselves. Of this ~kind are animals, in which the principle 13 1, 18 | movement. ~Yet although animals of the latter kind receive 14 1, 18 | apprehended by sense. Hence ~such animals as move themselves in respect 15 1, 19 | it is thus necessary that animals should die, being ~compounded 16 1, 19 | natural instinct. Hence other animals, ~that are moved to act 17 1, 20 | principle of ~movement in animals. Therefore acts of the sensitive 18 1, 21 | have hands, and that other animals should serve him. Thus also 19 1, 22 | there were no slaying of animals; and ~there would be no 20 1, 27 | which is generated ~from animals has not the aspect of generation 21 1, 27 | actual life, such as men and ~animals, generation includes both 22 1, 30 | understanding and will beyond other ~animals. But God infinitely excels 23 1, 30 | more perfect than other animals, he has more ~intrinsic 24 1, 30 | intrinsic operations than other animals, because his perfection 25 1, 31 | though many plants and animals are with him in the ~garden. 26 1, 35 | the species ~of different animals are of different figures; 27 1, 45 | to them; as is evident in animals ~generated through putrefaction. 28 1, 45 | generation of imperfect animals, a universal agent ~suffices, 29 1, 45 | the generation of perfect animals the universal agent does ~ 30 1, 47 | plants than minerals, and animals than plants, and men ~than 31 1, 47 | plants, and men ~than other animals; and in each of these one 32 1, 50 | necessary ~that all irrational animals be of the same species; 33 1, 50 | soul. Therefore ~irrational animals differ in species according 34 1, 51 | The demons are called animals of the ~atmosphere because 35 1, 51 | that there are some aerial animals, ~which they termed demons.~ 36 1, 59 | free-will, such as irrational animals; for the ~sheep flies from 37 1, 62 | viii, ~3), such as trees, animals, and the rest. Now it is 38 1, 63 | Further, some irrational animals have wicked dispositions 39 1, 63 | he contended, demons are animals with a ~sensitive nature. 40 1, 67 | there ~were neither men nor animals on the earth at that time, 41 1, 69 | namely, that plants and animals might ~be on the earth, 42 1, 69 | For plants have life, as ~animals have. But the production 43 1, 69 | have. But the production of animals belongs to the work, not 44 1, 70 | day, which is the sixth, ~animals are brought forth, to move 45 1, 70 | matter already existing, as animals and plants were ~formed. 46 1, 70 | yielding seed, as also were ~animals and man himself. For although 47 1, 70 | nobler bodies than plants or animals, and ~must therefore have 48 1, 70 | evidenced in the case of ~animals generated from putrefaction, 49 1, 70 | same sense as plants and animals, and that if ~they are called 50 1, 70 | nobler than the souls of animals absolutely it must ~be conceded 51 1, 71 | 1/1~OBJ 5: Further, land animals are more perfect than birds 52 1, 71 | the fifth day, before land animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[71] A[ 53 1, 71 | laid down by Avicenna that animals of all kinds can ~be generated 54 1, 71 | natural ~generation of all animals that are generated from 55 1, 71 | but that in the case ~of animals generated from putrefaction, 56 1, 71 | generation of either kind of animals, is either some element, 57 1, 71 | Word of God, which produced animals ~from material elements, 58 1, 71 | or earth of producing all animals resides in the earth and 59 1, 71 | intermediate type between ~the animals of the air and those of 60 1, 71 | the production of these animals is given ~has reference 61 1, 71 | to the superiority of the animals themselves. Moreover, in ~ 62 1, 72 | soul, so also have land animals. But these ~animals are 63 1, 72 | land animals. But these ~animals are not themselves living 64 1, 72 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, as animals belong to a determinate 65 1, 72 | the ~production of other animals, whereas it is said "according 66 1, 72 | 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, land animals are more like man, whom 67 1, 72 | more reason, of the ~other animals as well.~Aquin.: SMT FP 68 1, 72 | OBJ 5: Further, certain animals are generated from putrefaction, 69 1, 72 | the world. Therefore such animals should not have been ~produced 70 1, 72 | OBJ 6: Further, certain animals are poisonous, and injurious 71 1, 72 | sinned. ~Therefore such animals ought not to have been made 72 1, 72 | the ~production of land animals, corresponds to the third 73 1, 72 | 78], ~A[2]). But amongst animals, those that live on land 74 1, 72 | order, (yet some imperfect animals, such as ~bees and ants, 75 1, 72 | whereas it does call land animals "living ~creatures" on account 76 1, 72 | of a soul, whilst land ~animals, from the higher perfection 77 1, 72 | like the life of ~other animals, by earth or water, but 78 1, 72 | 2: By "cattle," domestic animals are signified, which in 79 1, 72 | man: but by "beasts," wild animals such as bears ~and lions 80 1, 72 | creeping things" those animals are meant ~which either 81 1, 72 | tortoise. But since certain animals, as deer and goats, seem ~ 82 1, 72 | 1~Reply OBJ 3: In other animals, and in plants, mention 83 1, 72 | understood of him. Again, animals and plants may ~be said 84 1, 72 | should be ~generated. Hence animals generated from the corruption 85 1, 72 | generated ~from corruption of animals could not have been produced 86 1, 72 | order designed, ~poisonous animals would not have injured him.~ 87 1, 73 | especially in the case of animals generated from putrefaction. 88 1, 73 | various active powers; so that animals, and perhaps even new species ~ 89 1, 73 | perhaps even new species ~of animals, are produced by putrefaction 90 1, 73 | at the beginning. Again, animals of new kinds arise ~occasionally 91 1, 74 | differs more from other animals than all ~animals whatsoever 92 1, 74 | other animals than all ~animals whatsoever differ from each 93 1, 74 | OBJ 3: The production of animals is recorded with reference 94 1, 74 | united according as the animals adorn ~the same parts of 95 1, 74 | writers hold that plants and animals were produced ~actually 96 1, 74 | instituting of the ~world animals and plants did not exist 97 1, 74 | life-giving power, since many animals are generated in ~water, 98 1, 74 | water, and the seed of all animals is liquid. Also the life 99 1, 75 | Whether the souls of brute animals are subsistent?~(4) Whether 100 1, 75 | Whether the souls of brute animals are subsistent?~Aquin.: 101 1, 75 | that the souls of brute animals are subsistent. For ~man 102 1, 75 | the same 'genus' as other animals; and, as we have just shown ~( 103 1, 75 | Therefore the souls of other ~animals are subsistent.~Aquin.: 104 1, 75 | since the souls of brute animals are ~sensitive, it follows 105 1, 75 | Further, the soul of brute animals moves the body. But the 106 1, 75 | Therefore the soul of brute animals has an ~operation apart 107 1, 75 | soul: whereas the souls ~of animals are not subsistent."~Aquin.: 108 1, 75 | even the souls of brute animals are subsistent. But ~Aristotle 109 1, 75 | that as the souls of brute animals have no "per se" ~operations 110 1, 75 | the same "genus" as other animals, he is ~of a different " 111 1, 75 | of men is like that of animals, for ~they are made from 112 1, 75 | But the souls of brute animals are corruptible. Therefore, ~ 113 1, 75 | the saying that man and ~animals have a like beginning in 114 1, 75 | true of the body; for all ~animals alike are made of earth. 115 1, 75 | is written as to other ~animals: "Let the earth bring forth 116 1, 75 | is intelligent, whereas ~animals are not. Hence it is false 117 1, 76 | thereby surpasses ~all other animals. Whence Aristotle concludes ( 118 1, 76 | species, should ~belong to animals of different species. Therefore 119 1, 76 | the lion, and other brute animals, is ~corruptible. If, therefore, 120 1, 76 | sensitive ~soul in man and brute animals will not be of the same " 121 1, 76 | common to man and other animals, which is ~absurd.~Aquin.: 122 1, 76 | this reason, that ~in those animals which continue to live when 123 1, 76 | than the inanimate, and animals more perfect ~than plants, 124 1, 76 | plants, and man than brute animals; and in each of these genera ~ 125 1, 76 | sensitive ~soul of brute animals, and to the nutritive souls 126 1, 76 | is corruptible like other animals. ~And so the difference 127 1, 76 | between man and ~the other animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[76] A[ 128 1, 76 | common to man and to other ~animals, it forms thence the notion 129 1, 76 | sensitive soul in brute ~animals, and of the nutritive soul 130 1, 76 | since the bodies of other animals are naturally provided with 131 1, 76 | complexion. For this reason among animals, ~man has the best sense 132 1, 76 | perfect than in imperfect animals; and in ~these a greater 133 1, 76 | as is the case with other animals, the souls ~of which are 134 1, 76 | specially the soul of perfect animals, is ~not equally related 135 1, 46 | to them; as is evident in animals ~generated through putrefaction. 136 1, 46 | generation of imperfect animals, a universal agent ~suffices, 137 1, 46 | the generation of perfect animals the universal agent does ~ 138 1, 48 | plants than minerals, and animals than plants, and men ~than 139 1, 48 | plants, and men ~than other animals; and in each of these one 140 1, 51 | necessary ~that all irrational animals be of the same species; 141 1, 51 | soul. Therefore ~irrational animals differ in species according 142 1, 52 | The demons are called animals of the ~atmosphere because 143 1, 52 | that there are some aerial animals, ~which they termed demons.~ 144 1, 60 | free-will, such as irrational animals; for the ~sheep flies from 145 1, 63 | viii, ~3), such as trees, animals, and the rest. Now it is 146 1, 64 | Further, some irrational animals have wicked dispositions 147 1, 64 | he contended, demons are animals with a ~sensitive nature. 148 1, 68 | there ~were neither men nor animals on the earth at that time, 149 1, 70 | namely, that plants and animals might ~be on the earth, 150 1, 70 | For plants have life, as ~animals have. But the production 151 1, 70 | have. But the production of animals belongs to the work, not 152 1, 71 | day, which is the sixth, ~animals are brought forth, to move 153 1, 71 | matter already existing, as animals and plants were ~formed. 154 1, 71 | yielding seed, as also were ~animals and man himself. For although 155 1, 71 | nobler bodies than plants or animals, and ~must therefore have 156 1, 71 | evidenced in the case of ~animals generated from putrefaction, 157 1, 71 | same sense as plants and animals, and that if ~they are called 158 1, 71 | nobler than the souls of animals absolutely it must ~be conceded 159 1, 71 | 1/1~OBJ 5: Further, land animals are more perfect than birds 160 1, 71 | the fifth day, before land animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[71] A[ 161 1, 71 | laid down by Avicenna that animals of all kinds can ~be generated 162 1, 71 | natural ~generation of all animals that are generated from 163 1, 71 | but that in the case ~of animals generated from putrefaction, 164 1, 71 | generation of either kind of animals, is either some element, 165 1, 71 | Word of God, which produced animals ~from material elements, 166 1, 71 | or earth of producing all animals resides in the earth and 167 1, 71 | intermediate type between ~the animals of the air and those of 168 1, 71 | the production of these animals is given ~has reference 169 1, 71 | to the superiority of the animals themselves. Moreover, in ~ 170 1, 71 | soul, so also have land animals. But these ~animals are 171 1, 71 | land animals. But these ~animals are not themselves living 172 1, 71 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, as animals belong to a determinate 173 1, 71 | the ~production of other animals, whereas it is said "according 174 1, 71 | 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, land animals are more like man, whom 175 1, 71 | more reason, of the ~other animals as well.~Aquin.: SMT FP 176 1, 71 | OBJ 5: Further, certain animals are generated from putrefaction, 177 1, 71 | the world. Therefore such animals should not have been ~produced 178 1, 71 | OBJ 6: Further, certain animals are poisonous, and injurious 179 1, 71 | sinned. ~Therefore such animals ought not to have been made 180 1, 71 | the ~production of land animals, corresponds to the third 181 1, 71 | 78], ~A[2]). But amongst animals, those that live on land 182 1, 71 | order, (yet some imperfect animals, such as ~bees and ants, 183 1, 71 | whereas it does call land animals "living ~creatures" on account 184 1, 71 | of a soul, whilst land ~animals, from the higher perfection 185 1, 71 | like the life of ~other animals, by earth or water, but 186 1, 71 | 2: By "cattle," domestic animals are signified, which in 187 1, 71 | man: but by "beasts," wild animals such as bears ~and lions 188 1, 71 | creeping things" those animals are meant ~which either 189 1, 71 | tortoise. But since certain animals, as deer and goats, seem ~ 190 1, 71 | 1~Reply OBJ 3: In other animals, and in plants, mention 191 1, 71 | understood of him. Again, animals and plants may ~be said 192 1, 71 | should be ~generated. Hence animals generated from the corruption 193 1, 71 | generated ~from corruption of animals could not have been produced 194 1, 71 | order designed, ~poisonous animals would not have injured him.~ 195 1, 72 | especially in the case of animals generated from putrefaction. 196 1, 72 | various active powers; so that animals, and perhaps even new species ~ 197 1, 72 | perhaps even new species ~of animals, are produced by putrefaction 198 1, 72 | at the beginning. Again, animals of new kinds arise ~occasionally 199 1, 73 | differs more from other animals than all ~animals whatsoever 200 1, 73 | other animals than all ~animals whatsoever differ from each 201 1, 73 | OBJ 3: The production of animals is recorded with reference 202 1, 73 | united according as the animals adorn ~the same parts of 203 1, 73 | writers hold that plants and animals were produced ~actually 204 1, 73 | instituting of the ~world animals and plants did not exist 205 1, 73 | life-giving power, since many animals are generated in ~water, 206 1, 73 | water, and the seed of all animals is liquid. Also the life 207 1, 74 | Whether the souls of brute animals are subsistent?~(4) Whether 208 1, 74 | Whether the souls of brute animals are subsistent?~Aquin.: 209 1, 74 | that the souls of brute animals are subsistent. For ~man 210 1, 74 | the same 'genus' as other animals; and, as we have just shown ~( 211 1, 74 | Therefore the souls of other ~animals are subsistent.~Aquin.: 212 1, 74 | since the souls of brute animals are ~sensitive, it follows 213 1, 74 | Further, the soul of brute animals moves the body. But the 214 1, 74 | Therefore the soul of brute animals has an ~operation apart 215 1, 74 | soul: whereas the souls ~of animals are not subsistent."~Aquin.: 216 1, 74 | even the souls of brute animals are subsistent. But ~Aristotle 217 1, 74 | that as the souls of brute animals have no "per se" ~operations 218 1, 74 | the same "genus" as other animals, he is ~of a different " 219 1, 74 | of men is like that of animals, for ~they are made from 220 1, 74 | But the souls of brute animals are corruptible. Therefore, ~ 221 1, 74 | the saying that man and ~animals have a like beginning in 222 1, 74 | true of the body; for all ~animals alike are made of earth. 223 1, 74 | is written as to other ~animals: "Let the earth bring forth 224 1, 74 | is intelligent, whereas ~animals are not. Hence it is false 225 1, 75 | thereby surpasses ~all other animals. Whence Aristotle concludes ( 226 1, 75 | species, should ~belong to animals of different species. Therefore 227 1, 75 | the lion, and other brute animals, is ~corruptible. If, therefore, 228 1, 75 | sensitive ~soul in man and brute animals will not be of the same " 229 1, 75 | common to man and other animals, which is ~absurd.~Aquin.: 230 1, 75 | this reason, that ~in those animals which continue to live when 231 1, 75 | than the inanimate, and animals more perfect ~than plants, 232 1, 75 | plants, and man than brute animals; and in each of these genera ~ 233 1, 75 | sensitive ~soul of brute animals, and to the nutritive souls 234 1, 75 | is corruptible like other animals. ~And so the difference 235 1, 75 | between man and ~the other animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[76] A[ 236 1, 75 | common to man and to other ~animals, it forms thence the notion 237 1, 75 | sensitive soul in brute ~animals, and of the nutritive soul 238 1, 75 | since the bodies of other animals are naturally provided with 239 1, 75 | complexion. For this reason among animals, ~man has the best sense 240 1, 75 | perfect than in imperfect animals; and in ~these a greater 241 1, 75 | as is the case with other animals, the souls ~of which are 242 1, 75 | specially the soul of perfect animals, is ~not equally related 243 1, 77 | the moving principle in animals is sense, intellect or ~ 244 1, 77 | power; ~such as immovable animals, as shellfish. There are 245 1, 77 | locomotive powers, as perfect animals, which require many things 246 1, 77 | of movement in ~perfect animals, yet sense and appetite, 247 1, 77 | to them; for immovable ~animals have sense and appetite, 248 1, 77 | observe specially in perfect animals, which are ~moved by progression, 249 1, 77 | useful for building its nest. Animals, therefore, need ~to perceive 250 1, 77 | the principle of memory in animals is found in some ~such intention, 251 1, 77 | difference ~between man and other animals; for they are similarly 252 1, 77 | above intentions: ~for other animals perceive these intentions 253 1, 77 | power by which in other animals is called the natural ~estimative, 254 1, 77 | not only memory, as other ~animals have in the sudden recollection 255 1, 77 | operation is not to be found in animals other than man, in whom 256 1, 77 | more perfect than in other animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[78] A[ 257 1, 78 | manner with other perfect animals. Now ~among these lower 258 1, 78 | common to us and other animals. For species are not retained 259 1, 78 | which man excels irrational animals is reason, or mind, or intelligence ~ 260 1, 78 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Other animals are so much lower than man 261 1, 78 | it is not found in brute animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[79] A[ 262 1, 79 | the motive ~power which in animals follows sense. Therefore, 263 1, 80 | reason also the ~quarrels of animals are about things concupiscible - 264 1, 80 | own acts, because in other animals the sensitive appetite is ~ 265 1, 80 | motive power. For in other animals movement ~follows at once 266 1, 80 | estimative power in other animals, and in man by the cogitative 267 1, 81 | Gen. ad lit. ix, 14) that "animals are moved by ~things seen." 268 1, 82 | free judgment; as ~brute animals. For the sheep, seeing the 269 1, 82 | of any judgment of brute animals. But man acts from judgment, 270 1, 83 | from them how many kinds of animals there are and ~the origin 271 1, 85 | knowledge of ~brutes. But some animals know the future; thus crows 272 1, 85 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Brute animals have no power above the 273 1, 85 | bodies. Thus from such ~animals' movements some future things, 274 1, 89 | angels ~than with the brute animals. But angels were created 275 1, 89 | sixth day, when also the animals were made. Therefore ~the 276 1, 90 | body; for even certain ~animals are produced from putrefaction 277 1, 90 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Perfect animals, produced from seed, cannot 278 1, 90 | production of man and other animals. But the power of ~heavenly 279 1, 90 | production of some imperfect animals ~from properly disposed 280 1, 90 | since man is the noblest of animals, his body ought to be the 281 1, 90 | and movement. But some animals have sharper senses and 282 1, 90 | more than the body of other animals, for these are provided 283 1, 90 | equable temperament of all animals. ~Moreover man excels all 284 1, 90 | Moreover man excels all other animals in the interior sensitive 285 1, 90 | falls short of the other animals in some of the exterior ~ 286 1, 90 | exterior ~senses; thus of all animals he has the least sense of 287 1, 90 | suggest a reason why some ~animals have a keener sight, and 288 1, 90 | suffices to ~explain why some animals are more rapid in movement 289 1, 90 | are the weapons of some animals, and ~toughness of hide 290 1, 90 | which are the ~clothing of animals, are signs of an abundance 291 1, 90 | they are bestowed on other ~animals, but also for the purpose 292 1, 90 | Hence, whereas the other ~animals take delight in the objects 293 1, 90 | chiefly in the face, ~other animals have the face turned to 294 1, 90 | things; as we see in ~other animals. Moreover, such an attitude 295 1, 90 | upper world. But brute animals have a middle disposition, 296 1, 91 | such as some ~plants and animals by the influence of the 297 1, 91 | passive power. Among perfect animals the active power of ~generation 298 1, 91 | the female. ~And as among animals there is a vital operation 299 1, 91 | with the female in perfect animals, but only ~at the time of 300 1, 91 | belongs both to man and animals. But in the other animals 301 1, 91 | animals. But in the other animals the female ~was not made 302 1, 91 | from the ~male) in other animals. First, in order thus to 303 1, 91 | not the case with ~other animals. Thirdly, because, as the 304 1, 91 | generation, as ~with other animals, but also for the purpose 305 1, 92 | nature; otherwise even brute animals would be to God's ~image. 306 1, 92 | and inanimate in another; animals in one way, and plants in ~ 307 1, 92 | left by the movements of animals are called "traces": ~so 308 1, 92 | alone among terrestrial ~animals is not inclined prone to 309 1, 92 | than the bodies of other animals," as ~Augustine remarks ( 310 1, 92 | excels that of the other animals, that is to say, in so far 311 1, 93 | contrary, Man named the animals (Gn. 2:20). But names should 312 1, 93 | Therefore Adam knew the animals' ~natures; and in like manner 313 1, 95 | innocence was master over the animals?~(2) Whether he was master 314 1, 95 | had mastership over the animals?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[96] A[ 315 1, 95 | no ~mastership over the animals. For Augustine says (Gen. 316 1, 95 | lit. ix, 14), ~that the animals were brought to Adam, under 317 1, 95 | himself were master over the animals. Therefore in the state ~ 318 1, 95 | had no mastership of the animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[96] A[ 319 1, 95 | mastership of one. But many animals are ~hostile to one another, 320 1, 95 | the wolf. Therefore all animals ~were not brought under 321 1, 95 | man mastership over the animals, ~although before sin he 322 1, 95 | foresaw that after ~sin animals would become useful to man." 323 1, 95 | mastership over the irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[96] A[ 324 1, 95 | subject to him. Now ~all animals are naturally subject to 325 1, 95 | their nourishment, and ~animals make use of plants, and 326 1, 95 | makes use of both plants and animals. ~Therefore it is in keeping 327 1, 95 | man should be ~master over animals. Hence the Philosopher says ( 328 1, 95 | that the ~hunting of wild animals is just and natural, because 329 1, 95 | of God, is above other ~animals, these are rightly subject 330 1, 95 | property of man and of other animals. For we see in the ~latter 331 1, 95 | the subjection of other ~animals to man is proved to be natural.~ 332 1, 95 | certain things in regard to animals could be ~done by angels, 333 1, 95 | gathering together of all the animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[96] A[ 334 1, 95 | the opinion of some, those animals which now are fierce ~and 335 1, 95 | also in regard to other animals. But this is quite ~unreasonable. 336 1, 95 | unreasonable. For the nature of animals was not changed by man's 337 1, 95 | were given as food to all animals and ~birds, but to some. 338 1, 95 | antipathy ~between some animals. They would not, however, 339 1, 95 | now in regard to domestic animals, since fowls are given ~ 340 1, 95 | had any bodily ~need of animals - neither for clothing, 341 1, 95 | purpose. But man needed animals in ~order to have experimental 342 1, 95 | the fact that God led the animals to man, that he might give 343 1, 95 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 4: All animals by their natural instinct 344 1, 95 | obey their queen. So all animals ~would have obeyed man of 345 1, 95 | present state some ~domestic animals obey him.~Aquin.: SMT FP 346 1, 95 | whereby he is like the animals; his "natural forces," which ~ 347 1, 95 | had ~mastership over the animals by commanding them. But 348 1, 97 | man was made master of the animals, it would ~have been necessary 349 1, 97 | natural to other perfect animals, as the corporeal members ~ 350 1, 98 | 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, some animals at birth have sufficient 351 1, 98 | man is nobler than other animals. Therefore much more ~is 352 1, 98 | in ~proportion to other animals man has naturally a larger 353 1, 98 | OBJ 2: The fact that some animals have the use of their limbs ~ 354 1, 98 | superiority, since more ~perfect animals are not so endowed; but 355 1, 98 | operations proper to such animals being imperfect, so that 356 1, 100 | 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, some animals at birth have the use of 357 1, 100 | Reply OBJ 2: Even other animals have not at birth such a 358 1, 100 | may be observed in ~other animals. Moreover a special impediment 359 1, 101 | the one provided for other animals. Therefore paradise was 360 1, 101 | not ~be said of the other animals. Therefore, as Damascene 361 1, 101 | certain dispensation, the animals were brought thither by 362 1, 101 | 1~OBJ 2: Further, other animals remain in the place where 363 1, 101 | in the water, and walking animals on the earth from ~which 364 1, 101 | those places befit ~those animals in their nature.~Aquin.: 365 1, 104 | contained in its cause: thus animals ~produced by putrefaction, 366 1, 107 | plants in another, and animals in another; whilst he who ~ 367 1, 107 | excellent way than to other animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[108] A[ 368 1, 107 | higher order; as the lowest animals are near to the plants. 369 1, 109 | and over the birth of ~animals, and trees, and plants, 370 1, 109 | his nature to preside over animals than over ~plants; because 371 1, 114 | the "seeds" produced from ~animals and plants. And these again 372 1, 114 | his actions, just as other animals, in which there ~are powers 373 1, 114 | namely, "herbs, ~stones, animals, and to certain sounds and 374 1, 114 | to hold that demons are "animals ~with an aerial body and 375 1, 114 | of stones, herbs, trees, animals, songs, ~rites, not as an 376 1, 117 | elements of the world is to animals ~produced from these elements - 377 1, 117 | putrefaction. But in the ~latter animals the soul is produced by 378 1, 117 | Therefore also the souls of animals seminally generated are ~ 379 1, 117 | that the sensitive souls of animals are ~created by God (Q[65], 380 1, 117 | Reply OBJ 4: In perfect animals, generated by coition, the 381 1, 117 | the semen, as in other ~animals; wherefore the Philosopher 382 1, 117 | both in men and in ~other animals, when a more perfect form 383 1, 117 | form, both in man and other animals. This indeed is apparent ~ 384 1, 117 | apparent ~to the senses in animals generated from putrefaction. 385 1, 118 | man does not differ from animals and plants in ~regard to 386 1, 118 | follow that the bodies of animals ~and plants do not increase 387 1, 118 | generated from mud, and as ~animals which continue to live after 388 1, 118 | the Philosopher, is that animals of ~great size, which require 389 1, 118 | substance of the begetter in animals ~and plants, inasmuch as 390 2, 1 | differs from irrational ~animals in this, that he is master 391 2, 1 | end as such, as irrational animals. Therefore it seems proper ~ 392 2, 1 | the end, as do irrational animals, or do ~not apprehend it, 393 2, 1 | happiness is not possible for ~animals bereft of reason," as Augustine 394 2, 2 | Man surpasses all other animals in regard to happiness. ~ 395 2, 2 | he is surpassed by many animals; for instance, by the ~elephant 396 2, 3 | the contrary, Irrational animals have the sensitive operation 397 2, 3 | to the active life, other animals also have something in ~ 398 2, 3 | is ~in certain irrational animals, who are possessed of certain 399 2, 4 | and of the species, ~lest animals should disregard such operations. 400 2, 4 | sensitive appetite which is in animals, ~operations are sought 401 2, 5 | passages. But irrational animals that have the sensitive 402 2, 5 | clothing, as it provided other ~animals, because it gave him reason 403 2, 6 | others are common ~to man and animals. And since Happiness is 404 2, 6 | common to man and the other animals. First, then, we must ~consider 405 2, 6 | common to man and the other animals, and are called Passions. 406 2, 6 | 2) Whether in irrational animals? ~(3) Whether there can 407 2, 6 | viii, 2) proves that in animals ~no new movement arises 408 2, 6 | OBJ 2: New movements in animals are indeed preceded by a 409 2, 6 | voluntary in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[6] A[2] 410 2, 6 | voluntary in irrational ~animals. For a thing is called " 411 2, 6 | cannot be in ~irrational animals. Therefore neither is there 412 2, 6 | actions. But irrational animals are not masters of their ~ 413 2, 6 | voluntary act in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[6] A[2] 414 2, 6 | children and irrational animals participate in the voluntary." 415 2, 6 | exercised by irrational animals, through their senses and 416 2, 6 | competency of even irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[6] A[2] 417 2, 6 | attributed to ~irrational animals, in so far as they are moved 418 2, 6 | voluntariness is in irrational animals, ~as stated above.~Aquin.: 419 2, 6 | be found in ~irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[6] A[3] 420 2, 10 | be said as of irrational animals, which follow, of ~necessity, 421 2, 11 | or also to ~irrational animals?~(3) Whether enjoyment is 422 2, 11 | or also to ~irrational animals? ~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[11] A[ 423 2, 11 | to use." Therefore other animals cannot enjoy.~Aquin.: SMT 424 2, 11 | last end. But irrational animals ~cannot obtain the last 425 2, 11 | possible for irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[11] A[ 426 2, 11 | knowledge is in irrational animals: whose ~appetitive powers 427 2, 11 | perfect degree; to irrational ~animals, imperfectly; to other creatures, 428 2, 12 | competency of irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[12] A[ 429 2, 12 | competency of irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[12] A[ 430 2, 12 | would seem that irrational animals intend the end. For in ~ 431 2, 12 | sensitive nature in irrational animals. But nature ~intends the 432 2, 12 | therefore, do irrational animals intend the end.~Aquin.: 433 2, 12 | enjoyment is in irrational animals, as stated above (Q[11], 434 2, 12 | something. But irrational ~animals act for an end; for an animal 435 2, 12 | kind. Therefore irrational animals intend an end.~Aquin.: SMT 436 2, 12 | Since therefore irrational animals are void ~of reason, it 437 2, 12 | in this way, irrational ~animals intend an end, inasmuch 438 2, 12 | alone. Wherefore irrational ~animals do not intend an end in 439 2, 12 | Reply OBJ 3: Irrational animals are moved to an end, not 440 2, 13 | to be found in irrational animals?~(3) Whether choice is only 441 2, 13 | to be found in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[13] A[ 442 2, 13 | would seem that irrational animals are able to choose. For ~ 443 2, 13 | iii, 2,3. But irrational animals desire something on account 444 2, 13 | choice is ~in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[13] A[ 445 2, 13 | to others. But irrational animals take ~something in preference 446 2, 13 | choice is ~in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[13] A[ 447 2, 13 | is found in irrational ~animals: hence it is said in the 448 2, 13 | Metaph. i, 1 that "those ~animals which, like bees, cannot 449 2, 13 | in the ~works of various animals, such as bees, spiders, 450 2, 13 | it ~seems that irrational animals are able to choose.~Aquin.: 451 2, 13 | children and irrational animals act willingly but not from 452 2, 13 | choice is not in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[13] A[ 453 2, 13 | which is all that irrational animals have. Wherefore ~irrational 454 2, 13 | have. Wherefore ~irrational animals are not competent to choose.~ 455 2, 13 | the works of irrational ~animals we notice certain marks 456 2, 13 | which reason, too, certain ~animals are called prudent or sagacious; 457 2, 15 | to be found in irrational animals?~(3) Whether it is directed 458 2, 15 | to be found in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[15] A[ 459 2, 15 | to be found in irrational animals. ~For consent implies a 460 2, 15 | appetite of irrational animals is determinate to one thing. 461 2, 15 | to be found in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[15] A[ 462 2, 15 | no ~consent in irrational animals, there would be no act accomplished; 463 2, 15 | or anger. But irrational ~animals act through passion. Therefore 464 2, 15 | counsel is not in ~irrational animals. Therefore neither is consent.~ 465 2, 15 | speaking, is not in irrational animals. ~The reason of this is 466 2, 15 | the stick. But ~irrational animals have not the command of 467 2, 15 | Reply OBJ 1: In irrational animals the determination of the 468 2, 15 | is found ~in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[15] A[ 469 2, 15 | passion: whereas irrational animals have not that power. Hence 470 2, 16 | to be found in irrational animals?~(3) Whether it regards 471 2, 16 | to be found in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[16] A[ 472 2, 16 | to be found in irrational animals. For ~it is better to enjoy 473 2, 16 | to be found in irrational animals, as stated ~above (Q[11], 474 2, 16 | use them. But ~irrational animals apply their members to action; 475 2, 16 | possible for ~irrational animals to use.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 476 2, 16 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Animals by means of their members 477 2, 17 | command belongs to irrational animals?~(3) Of the order between 478 2, 17 | command belongs to irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[17] A[ 479 2, 17 | command belongs to irrational animals. ~Because, according to 480 2, 17 | powers are in irrational animals. Therefore command is ~to 481 2, 17 | to be found in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[17] A[ 482 2, 17 | soul, even in irrational animals, since they are composed 483 2, 17 | to be found in irrational animals, as Damascene ~says (De 484 2, 17 | be found in ~irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[17] A[ 485 2, 17 | 1]). ~But in irrational animals there is no reason. Neither, 486 2, 17 | impossible that irrational animals should ~command in any way, 487 2, 17 | only in man. In irrational ~animals the appetitive power is 488 2, 17 | action is in irrational animals otherwise than ~in man. 489 2, 18 | as, if one were to say: "Animals are divided into rational 490 2, 18 | and the irrational into animals with wings, and animals ~ 491 2, 18 | animals with wings, and animals ~without wings"; for "winged" 492 2, 18 | would ~be correct: "Some animals have feet, some have no 493 2, 23 | faculty is ~bestowed on animals, in order to remove the 494 2, 24 | them in common with other ~animals. Therefore no passion of 495 2, 24 | common to man ~and other animals: but, as commanded by the 496 2, 24 | not to be found ~in other animals. But moral good is in man 497 2, 24 | Reply OBJ 3: In irrational animals the sensitive appetite does 498 2, 25 | moved: since it is given to animals, for the purposed of ~removing 499 2, 26 | Such is, in irrational animals, ~the "sensitive appetite," 500 2, 28 | movement and action in ~all animals, as stated in De Anima iii,


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