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principari 1
principle 1921
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principles 750
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St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

principles

1-500 | 501-750

    Part, Question
1 1, 1 | proceeds from self-evident principles. But sacred doctrine proceeds 2 1, 1 | some which proceed from principles ~known by the light of a 3 1, 1 | perspective ~proceeds from principles established by geometry, 4 1, 1 | geometry, and music from ~principles established by arithmetic. 5 1, 1 | because it proceeds from principles established by the light 6 1, 1 | accepts on authority the principles taught him by the ~mathematician, 7 1, 1 | science is established on principles revealed by ~God.~Aquin.: 8 1, 1 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: The principles of any science are either 9 1, 1 | as we have said, are the principles of sacred doctrine.~Aquin.: 10 1, 1 | But other sciences, the principles of which cannot be doubted, 11 1, 1 | sacred doctrine; for its principles - namely, articles ~of faith - 12 1, 1 | clearer. For it accepts its principles not from other ~sciences, 13 1, 1 | doctrine which borrows its principles is worthy of the name of 14 1, 1 | this doctrine borrows its principles. Therefore this science 15 1, 1 | part of wisdom to prove the principles of other ~sciences. Hence 16 1, 1 | doctrine does not prove the principles of other sciences. ~Therefore 17 1, 1 | Sacred doctrine derives its principles not from any human ~knowledge, 18 1, 1 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: The principles of other sciences either 19 1, 1 | no concern to ~prove the principles of other sciences, but only 20 1, 1 | acquired by study, though its principles are obtained by revelation.~ 21 1, 1 | This is clear also from the principles of ~this science, namely, 22 1, 1 | God. The ~object of the principles and of the whole science 23 1, 1 | contained virtually in its principles. Some, ~however, looking 24 1, 1 | argue in proof of their ~principles, but argue from their principles 25 1, 1 | principles, but argue from their principles to demonstrate other truths ~ 26 1, 1 | not argue in proof of its ~principles, which are the articles 27 1, 1 | sciences neither prove their principles nor dispute with those ~ 28 1, 1 | with one who denies its principles, ~if only the opponent will 29 1, 1 | with one who denies its principles only if the opponent ~admits 30 1, 1 | authority, inasmuch as its principles are obtained by revelation: 31 1, 2 | can see in regard to first principles. ~But as Damascene says ( 32 1, 2 | says is true of the first principles of demonstration. Thus, 33 1, 2 | states concerning ~the first principles of demonstration. But the 34 1, 2 | with regard to the first ~principles of demonstration, the terms 35 1, 2 | accounted ~for by a few principles has been produced by many. 36 1, 2 | be accounted for by other principles, ~supposing God did not 37 1, 3 | part ~of a man, because the principles whereby a thing is defined 38 1, 3 | either by the constituent principles of that essence (like a ~ 39 1, 3 | caused by the constituent principles ~of the species), or by 40 1, 3 | agent or by its ~essential principles. Now it is impossible for 41 1, 3 | its essential constituent principles, for nothing can be the ~ 42 1, 3 | being reducible ~to it, as principles and privations. For example, 43 1, 3 | genus of quantity, as its principles; while blindness and ~all 44 1, 3 | caused by the constituent ~principles of the subject. Now there 45 1, 3 | prior to its accidents, the principles ~of accidents are reducible 46 1, 3 | accidents are reducible to the principles of the substance as to that ~ 47 1, 5 | or commensuration of its ~principles, whether material or efficient, 48 1, 9 | follow on the essential principles of the subject, then ~the 49 1, 10 | things; as, for instance, all principles of demonstration and ~all 50 1, 12 | understanding of first principles.~ 51 1, 14 | which is the knowledge of principles. ~But nothing is caused 52 1, 14 | regards the knowledge of principles; he has "science" ~as regards 53 1, 14 | causality, as when through principles ~we arrive at the knowledge 54 1, 14 | whosoever proceeds from principles to conclusions ~does not 55 1, 14 | from the ~individualizing principles; hence the intelligible 56 1, 14 | likeness of the individual principles; and on ~that account our 57 1, 14 | the principle ~of all the principles which enter into the composition 58 1, 14 | composition of things, whether ~principles of the species or principles 59 1, 14 | principles of the species or principles of the individual; hence 60 1, 14 | not as to the individual principles, but as to the principles 61 1, 14 | principles, but as to the principles of the ~species. On the 62 1, 14 | as regards the universal principles, but also as regards ~the 63 1, 14 | but also as regards ~the principles proper to each one, as shown 64 1, 14 | is to the consequent as principles are to the conclusion: ~ 65 1, 14 | conclusion: ~and from necessary principles only a necessary conclusion 66 1, 14 | into its universal formal principles. ~Thirdly, as regards the 67 1, 15 | according to Plato, are principles of the ~knowledge of things 68 1, 16 | by reason of the first principles of the ~understanding. It 69 1, 17 | always right as regards first principles; ~since it is not deceived 70 1, 17 | thing is. For self-known principles are such as are ~known as 71 1, 18 | operations are meant those whose principles are ~within the operator, 72 1, 18 | not merely such ~natural principles of certain operations as 73 1, 18 | by nature, as are first principles, which it cannot doubt; 74 1, 22 | not only as to constituent principles of species, but also as 75 1, 22 | to ~the individualizing principles; not only of things incorruptible, 76 1, 29 | definition comprises the principles of the species, ~but not 77 1, 29 | but not the individual principles. Hence in things composed 78 1, 29 | the common form, as the principles of the ~species. But what 79 1, 29 | person add the individual ~principles to the idea of essence; 80 1, 29 | which are the individuating principles ~of a man, and which, though 81 1, 32 | any abstract notions as ~principles of knowing things which 82 1, 36 | effect. Hence also first principles are said to be immediate 83 1, 36 | the Father would be two ~principles of the Son and of the Holy 84 1, 36 | and the ~Son are not two principles, but one principle of the 85 1, 36 | say that the Father is two principles of the ~Son and of the Holy 86 1, 36 | Father can be called several principles, for ~this would imply in 87 1, 39 | relations, but only by essential principles; because in ~creatures relations 88 1, 40 | several. Now, there ~are two principles of difference between the 89 1, 40 | caused by the ~material principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[40] A[ 90 1, 40 | but the distinguishing principles ~themselves must constitute 91 1, 41 | return is made to those first principles which are naturally ~understood. 92 1, 44 | sciences, where necessary principles are the causes of ~necessary 93 1, 44 | and primary matter are two principles divided ~against each other, 94 1, 44 | but also ~individuating principles added to the principles 95 1, 44 | principles added to the principles of the species. ~Therefore 96 1, 45 | the contraries of first ~principles; as, for instance, that 97 1, 45 | thing ~from pre-existing principles; but it means that the " 98 1, 45 | same time with all its ~principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[45] A[ 99 1, 45 | the thing limited ~by its principles, "number" refers to the 100 1, 45 | presupposition of created principles; and thus the products of 101 1, 46 | said that there are two principles ~of creation, one of good 102 1, 47 | arose from the contrary principles of good and ~evil, he said 103 1, 49 | there are many contrary principles, one of good, the other 104 1, 49 | however, who upheld two first principles, one good and the other ~ 105 1, 49 | causes even to the first principles. But ~since all contraries 106 1, 56 | know God by his own natural principles?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[56] A[ 107 1, 56 | knows God by his own natural principles?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[56] A[ 108 1, 56 | know God by their natural ~principles. For Dionysius says (Div. 109 1, 56 | know God by his natural principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[56] A[ 110 1, 56 | knowledge by his natural ~principles. Nor does vision through 111 1, 56 | God through their natural principles; according to Rm. 1:19: ~" 112 1, 56 | knowledge of God by their own ~principles. In evidence whereof it 113 1, 56 | creature from its natural principles, as was said above (Q[12], 114 1, 56 | according to his natural principles the angel ~knows God, stands 115 1, 57 | that goes to make up their principles of individuation; ~since 116 1, 57 | to their individuating principles. How many things can be 117 1, 58 | defined as the habit of first principles. But human souls which acquire 118 1, 58 | in the first aspect of ~principles they would at once comprehend 119 1, 58 | the same instant perceives principles and conclusions ~through 120 1, 58 | conclusions ~through those principles, when it has already acquired 121 1, 60 | they do not proceed from principles to acquire the ~knowledge 122 1, 60 | is disposed towards first principles, which it can ~know naturally. 123 1, 60 | For the intellect knows principles naturally; and from such ~ 124 1, 62 | remain in the angels. For as ~principles of operations are mutually 125 1, 62 | assent to naturally known principles; in the ~same way, the will 126 1, 62 | conclusions, according to given principles; but for it to proceed to 127 1, 62 | out of the order of the principles, comes of its ~own defect. 128 1, 64 | naturally, ~as we know first principles; or by deriving it from 129 1, 64 | apprehend immovably ~first principles which are the object of 130 1, 67 | we proceed from general principles, ~so do we in work of every 131 1, 75 | on universal and certain principles, which shows ~clearly that 132 1, 75 | must be composed of the principles of which all bodies are 133 1, 76 | reason of the individuating principles which ~come from the matter. 134 1, 76 | means ~of individuating principles; so that knowledge of the 135 1, 76 | apart from the individuating principles; whereas ~such is not its 136 1, 76 | the case if the various principles of the soul's ~operations 137 1, 77 | caused by the essential ~principles of the species; wherefore 138 1, 77 | primarily." But the natural principles of the operations of the 139 1, 77 | the powers which are the principles of ~these operations have 140 1, 77 | perfection and nature, are the principles of the others, after the 141 1, 77 | considered as ~receptive principles, the more perfect powers 142 1, 77 | more perfect powers are principles with regard ~to the others; 143 1, 39 | relations, but only by essential principles; because in ~creatures relations 144 1, 40 | several. Now, there ~are two principles of difference between the 145 1, 40 | caused by the ~material principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[40] A[ 146 1, 40 | but the distinguishing principles ~themselves must constitute 147 1, 41 | return is made to those first principles which are naturally ~understood. 148 1, 45 | sciences, where necessary principles are the causes of ~necessary 149 1, 45 | and primary matter are two principles divided against each other, 150 1, 45 | but also ~individuating principles added to the principles 151 1, 45 | principles added to the principles of the species. ~Therefore 152 1, 46 | the contraries of first ~principles; as, for instance, that 153 1, 46 | thing ~from pre-existing principles; but it means that the " 154 1, 46 | same time with all its ~principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[45] A[ 155 1, 46 | the thing limited ~by its principles, "number" refers to the 156 1, 46 | presupposition of created principles; and thus the products of 157 1, 47 | said that there are two principles ~of creation, one of good 158 1, 48 | arose from the contrary principles of good and ~evil, he said 159 1, 50 | there are many contrary principles, one of good, the other 160 1, 50 | however, who upheld two first principles, one good and the other ~ 161 1, 50 | causes even to the first principles. But ~since all contraries 162 1, 57 | know God by his own natural principles?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[56] A[ 163 1, 57 | knows God by his own natural principles?~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[56] A[ 164 1, 57 | know God by their natural ~principles. For Dionysius says (Div. 165 1, 57 | know God by his natural principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[56] A[ 166 1, 57 | knowledge by his natural ~principles. Nor does vision through 167 1, 57 | God through their natural principles; according to Rm. 1:19: ~" 168 1, 57 | knowledge of God by their own ~principles. In evidence whereof it 169 1, 57 | creature from its natural principles, as was said above (Q[12], 170 1, 57 | according to his natural principles the angel ~knows God, stands 171 1, 58 | that goes to make up their principles of individuation; ~since 172 1, 58 | to their individuating principles. How many things can be 173 1, 59 | defined as the habit of ~first principles. But human souls which acquire 174 1, 59 | in the first aspect of ~principles they would at once comprehend 175 1, 59 | the same instant perceives principles and conclusions ~through 176 1, 59 | conclusions ~through those principles, when it has already acquired 177 1, 61 | they do not proceed from principles to acquire the ~knowledge 178 1, 61 | is disposed towards first principles, which it can ~know naturally. 179 1, 61 | For the intellect knows principles naturally; and from such ~ 180 1, 63 | remain in the angels. For as ~principles of operations are mutually 181 1, 63 | assent to naturally known principles; in the ~same way, the will 182 1, 63 | conclusions, according to given principles; but for it to proceed to 183 1, 63 | out of the order of the principles, comes of its ~own defect. 184 1, 65 | naturally, ~as we know first principles; or by deriving it from 185 1, 65 | apprehend immovably ~first principles which are the object of 186 1, 68 | we proceed from general principles, ~so do we in work of every 187 1, 74 | on universal and certain principles, which shows ~clearly that 188 1, 74 | must be composed of the principles of which all bodies are 189 1, 75 | reason of the individuating principles which ~come from the matter. 190 1, 75 | means ~of individuating principles; so that knowledge of the 191 1, 75 | apart from the individuating principles; whereas ~such is not its 192 1, 75 | the case if the various principles of the soul's ~operations 193 1, 76 | caused by the essential ~principles of the species; wherefore 194 1, 76 | primarily." But the natural principles of the operations of the 195 1, 76 | the powers which are the principles of ~these operations have 196 1, 76 | perfection and nature, are the principles of the others, after the 197 1, 76 | considered as ~receptive principles, the more perfect powers 198 1, 76 | more perfect powers are principles with regard ~to the others; 199 1, 77 | powers of the soul are the principles of its vital ~operations. 200 1, 77 | Although sense and appetite are principles of movement in ~perfect 201 1, 77 | qualities, which are the ~principles of natural actions.~Aquin.: 202 1, 77 | third species, which are the principles of ~alteration: therefore 203 1, 77 | things, reduced to diverse principles; for moist ~things are apt 204 1, 78 | propositions, and from first ~principles, conclusions. From this 205 1, 78 | know the first intelligible principles is the ~action belonging 206 1, 78 | men in common of the first principles proves the unity of the ~ 207 1, 78 | understood - namely, the first principles; and, again, by way of ~ 208 1, 78 | returns by analysis to first principles, in the light of which ~ 209 1, 78 | the first indemonstrable principles belong to the ~habit of 210 1, 78 | it happens that from the ~principles of geometry we draw a conclusion 211 1, 78 | ruled by it, as far as the principles made use of by the lower 212 1, 78 | from and directed by the principles of the higher reason.~Aquin.: 213 1, 78 | acting, and consequently the principles of the actions and the ~ 214 1, 78 | intellect, applying certain principles to ~examine propositions. 215 1, 78 | inasmuch as by means of those principles ~naturally known, we judge 216 1, 78 | nature, not only ~speculative principles, but also practical principles. 217 1, 78 | principles, but also practical principles. Now the first ~speculative 218 1, 78 | Now the first ~speculative principles bestowed on us by nature 219 1, 78 | called "the understanding ~of principles," as the Philosopher explains ( 220 1, 78 | Wherefore the ~first practical principles, bestowed on us by nature, 221 1, 78 | inasmuch as through first principles we proceed to ~discover, 222 1, 78 | are the first practical ~principles, concerning which no one 223 1, 78 | habit, the habit of first principles, which is ~called "synderesis." 224 1, 79 | corresponding active ~and motive principles; because the motive must 225 1, 80 | conclusions ~from universal principles is not the work of the intellect, 226 1, 81 | necessity adheres to the ~first principles, the will must of necessity 227 1, 81 | intellect as regards natural principles than to ~the reason, which 228 1, 81 | necessity adheres to the first principles, so ~the will adheres to 229 1, 81 | connection ~with the first principles; such as contingent propositions, 230 1, 81 | involve a denial of the first principles. And to such the ~intellect 231 1, 81 | connection with the first principles: such as ~demonstrable conclusions, 232 1, 81 | involves a denial of the ~first principles. And to these the intellect 233 1, 81 | these conclusions with ~the principles; but it does not assent 234 1, 82 | instance, ~to assent to first principles: while those things which 235 1, 82 | that we understand first principles, which are known of themselves ~ 236 1, 82 | which are known from the principles. In like ~manner on the 237 1, 82 | matters of knowledge, the principles are ~related to the conclusion 238 1, 82 | assent on account of the ~principles: just as, in appetitive 239 1, 83 | result is determined by its ~principles, they ascribed to the soul 240 1, 83 | material elements and two ~principles of movement, said that the 241 1, 83 | soul the nature of ~the principles in order to explain the 242 1, 83 | actually ~composed of the principles of all material things. 243 1, 83 | the images which are the principles of sensing, and to those 244 1, 83 | to those which are ~the principles of understanding. For this 245 1, 83 | universal self-evident principles to what is particular. Now 246 1, 83 | teacher proceed from universal principles to ~conclusions by questioning 247 1, 83 | of only certain separate ~principles, and were not to receive 248 1, 83 | receives from the separate ~principles: even this seems an insufficient 249 1, 84 | from the ~individualizing principles which do not belong to the 250 1, 84 | nature, but not of the ~principles of individuality.~Aquin.: 251 1, 84 | Further, we know causes and principles by their effects. But ~universals 252 1, 84 | effects. But ~universals are principles. Therefore universals are 253 1, 84 | it by distinguishing its principles and ~elements." Now it is 254 1, 84 | different parts. So likewise principles of definition are known 255 1, 84 | as in the case of first principles from which ~arises infallible 256 1, 84 | conclusion to its first principles ~and ultimate causes understands 257 1, 84 | know from the knowledge of principles and elements." But ~principles 258 1, 84 | principles and elements." But ~principles are indivisible, and elements 259 1, 84 | acquisition of knowledge, principles and elements ~are not always ( 260 1, 84 | arrive at the knowledge of principles and intelligible causes. 261 1, 84 | depends on the ~knowledge of principles and elements: for as the 262 1, 84 | know, when we can resolve ~principles into their causes."~Aquin.: 263 1, 85 | way and in their universal principles; and this is to know them ~ 264 1, 85 | universal and necessary principles of contingent ~things are 265 1, 85 | science in their universal principles, then all science is of ~ 266 1, 85 | stated above (A[1]). But the principles of ~future things may be 267 1, 85 | drawn from ~universal causal principles; from these the future may 268 1, 86 | except itself, as first ~principles are called self-evident; 269 1, 86 | Habits like powers are the principles of acts. But as ~is said ( 270 1, 86 | known, is the more known, as principles are more known than conclusions. ~ 271 1, 87 | understand conclusions by principles understood; it is clear 272 1, 87 | action is ascribed to two principles in one of these two ways; 273 1, 87 | according to true ~philosophical principles, to the knowledge of immaterial 274 1, 87 | is to the eye, and ~first principles to the intellect. But we 275 1, 88 | death all human interior principles are corrupted. Therefore 276 1, 88 | universal and individual principles (Q[14], A[2]), so likewise 277 1, 92 | into love. But, ~since the principles of acts are the habits and 278 1, 92 | yet ever exist in their ~principles, the habits and powers. 279 1, 93 | that they might ~be the principles of other things; so creatures 280 1, 93 | perfect state to be the principles as regards others. Now man 281 1, 93 | in the first self-evident principles, that is, ~whatever truths 282 1, 98 | it is befitting to ~the principles of human nature that children 283 1, 99 | species, not as caused by the ~principles of the species, but as a 284 1, 100 | are guided by universal ~principles of right; and this knowledge 285 1, 100 | knowledge of other universal principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[101] A[ 286 1, 102 | his attention to general principles, but who can consider the 287 1, 104 | agent, and ~the form are principles of action, but in a certain 288 1, 109 | ends of the first to the principles of the second." Hence it ~ 289 1, 112 | various opinions, by the principles which we hold ~in an invariable 290 1, 112 | application of the universal principles of law to ~particular actions 291 1, 114 | accidents ~to the material principles which are "the great" and " 292 1, 114 | Further, seeds are active principles. But there are no active ~ 293 1, 114 | But there are no active ~principles in corporeal matter; since, 294 1, 114 | that the active and passive principles of the ~generation of living 295 1, 114 | passive virtues ~which are the principles of natural generation and 296 1, 114 | both active and passive principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[115] A[ 297 1, 114 | Reply OBJ 2: The active principles of bodies here below are 298 1, 114 | accidents of that kind, the principles of which the ~early natural 299 1, 114 | heavenly bodies, as to their principles.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[115] A[ 300 1, 114 | intellect and will ~are the principles. But they could not do this 301 1, 116 | which certain universal principles of ~all the sciences are 302 1, 116 | applies these universal principles to certain ~particular things, 303 1, 116 | the disciple the order of ~principles to conclusions, by reason 304 1, 116 | the conclusions from the principles. ~Hence the Philosopher 305 2, 1 | themselves, reason begins from ~principles that are known naturally, 306 2, 2 | ordained to happiness through principles that ~are in him; since 307 2, 2 | senses, through being the principles of ~our knowledge, are more 308 2, 3 | beyond ~the scope of the principles of that science: since the 309 2, 3 | virtually contained in its principles. Now the first principles 310 2, 3 | principles. Now the first principles of ~speculative sciences 311 2, 6 | consider first the general principles; and secondly ~matters of 312 2, 6 | treating of the general principles, the points that offer themselves ~ 313 2, 6 | acts themselves; (2) their ~principles. Now of human acts some 314 2, 6 | ignorance of the general principles of law, which one to know, 315 2, 8 | themselves, i.e. first principles: but we do not speak of 316 2, 8 | things known through first principles, except in so far as ~we 317 2, 8 | in so far as ~we see the principles in those things. For in 318 2, 8 | morals the end is what ~principles are in speculative science ( 319 2, 8 | first a man understands the principles in ~themselves; but afterwards 320 2, 8 | conclusions on account of the principles.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[8] A[3] 321 2, 8 | conclusions through ~the principles which are called "means." 322 2, 10 | the ~intellect: for the principles of intellectual knowledge 323 2, 10 | appetible, as the first principles of ~demonstrations to things 324 2, 10 | conclusions, without ~which the principles can still be true.~Aquin.: 325 2, 12 | conclusion on account of the ~principles, there is but one act of 326 2, 13 | which ~follows from the principles, as declared in Ethic. vii, 327 2, 13 | of necessity from their principles. Therefore man is ~moved 328 2, 13 | necessity follow from the ~principles, but only when the principles 329 2, 13 | principles, but only when the principles cannot be true if the conclusion ~ 330 2, 13 | follow of necessity from principles that are ~absolutely necessary, 331 2, 14 | because one can come to principles that are self-evident, ~ 332 2, 14 | inquiring into them. Now ~these principles which are taken for granted 333 2, 15 | conclusions through the principles ~is science, whereas the 334 2, 15 | whereas the knowledge of the principles is not science, but ~something 335 2, 15 | things pertaining to human principles we judge ~according to Divine 336 2, 15 | judge ~according to Divine principles, which is the function of 337 2, 15 | not, according to Divine principles, no judgment of the reason 338 2, 16 | operation not only the interior principles of ~action, viz. the powers 339 2, 16 | save through the interior principles which are ~either the powers 340 2, 17 | thereto, e.g. the ~first principles, it is not in our power 341 2, 17 | thus the knowledge of principles is participated in the knowledge 342 2, 17 | thus from the knowledge of principles that are naturally known, 343 2, 17 | movements naturally: because principles must needs be natural, as 344 2, 18 | superadded to man by other principles than those of his species.~ 345 2, 19 | it is, and the fewer the principles of which it consists: thus ~ 346 2, 20 | movement. Now where the principles of action ~are different, 347 2, 27 | according to certain seminal principles in the reason, in ~force 348 2, 27 | reason, in ~force of which principles the man who is not virtuous 349 2, 31 | some one of the natural principles of the species is corrupted, 350 2, 35 | mathematics, ~inasmuch as the principles of mathematics are applied 351 2, 41 | the appetitive faculty are principles of ~external action, they 352 2, 49 | the ~consideration of the principles of human acts, and firstly 353 2, 49 | and firstly of intrinsic ~principles, secondly of extrinsic principles. 354 2, 49 | principles, secondly of extrinsic principles. The intrinsic principle 355 2, 49 | like habits, which are the ~principles of human acts.~Aquin.: SMT 356 2, 49 | resulting from its natural principles, which are ~matter and form; 357 2, 49 | by the former, essential principles are designated.~Aquin.: 358 2, 49 | without any ~habits, are principles of acts. Therefore there 359 2, 50 | which is the habit of first principles, in the ~intellective part 360 2, 51 | understanding of first principles, which habit is from nature: 361 2, 51 | nature: wherefore ~also first principles are said to be known naturally.~ 362 2, 51 | understanding ~of first principles is called a natural habit. 363 2, 51 | with regard to other such ~principles. Yet what is a whole, and 364 2, 51 | shows that knowledge of principles comes to us from ~the senses.~ 365 2, 51 | but ~only as to certain principles thereof, as, for instance, 366 2, 51 | thereof, as, for instance, the principles ~of common law are called 367 2, 51 | the understanding of first principles is a more ~excellent principle 368 2, 51 | that there are two ~passive principles: one is the "possible" [* 369 2, 53 | the habits of the ~first principles, both speculative and practical, 370 2, 54 | diversity of their active principles, since every agent ~produces 371 2, 54 | in respect of the active principles of such dispositions; ~secondly, 372 2, 54 | means ~are as so many active principles, in respect of which the 373 2, 54 | even as diversity of active principles does. Moreover the ~ends 374 2, 54 | their objects and active principles, but also in ~their relation 375 2, 56 | disposed in regard to the principles of this ~reason of things 376 2, 56 | the will, just as to the ~principles of speculative truth he 377 2, 57 | Therefore the ~understanding of principles should not be set down as 378 2, 57 | which is the habit of principles.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[57] A[ 379 2, 57 | demonstrate conclusions from ~principles. But since it has something 380 2, 57 | but also as to their first principles, therefore it is a ~more 381 2, 57 | On the other hand, the principles of a demonstration can be ~ 382 2, 57 | Accordingly, to consider the ~principles in this second way, belongs 383 2, 57 | also: while to consider the principles in themselves belongs ~to 384 2, 57 | conclusions of science, and of the principles on ~which they are based.~ 385 2, 57 | matters, depend on the ~principles from which reason argues; 386 2, 57 | which is the ~habit of principles. Now in human acts the end 387 2, 57 | acts the end is what the principles are ~in speculative matters, 388 2, 57 | on that thing's proper ~principles. But inquiry does not reach 389 2, 57 | not reach to the proper principles: because, ~if we were in 390 2, 57 | on common but on proper principles. ~Consequently, even in 391 2, 58 | acts; and whatever other principles of human acts may be found, 392 2, 58 | held that all the ~active principles in man are subordinate to 393 2, 58 | in man there are but two principles of human ~actions, viz. 394 2, 58 | for these are the ~two principles of movement in man as stated 395 2, 58 | perfection of one of ~these principles. Accordingly if it perfects 396 2, 58 | itself aright in respect ~of principles, i.e. the ends, on which 397 2, 58 | action ~proceeding from two principles be perfect, unless each 398 2, 58 | that we know ~self-evident principles both in speculative and 399 2, 58 | proceeds from naturally known principles, presupposes the understanding ~ 400 2, 58 | understanding ~of those principles, so also does prudence, 401 2, 58 | Now right reason demands ~principles from which reason proceeds 402 2, 58 | universal but also particular ~principles. As to universal principles 403 2, 58 | principles. As to universal principles of action, man is rightly 404 2, 58 | natural understanding of principles, whereby he understands 405 2, 58 | regard to the universal principles of action; so, in order 406 2, 58 | regard to the particular principles of action, viz. ~the ends, 407 2, 58 | matters the understanding of principles is the foundation on ~which 408 2, 58 | judge well or ill of the principles of art, as it does, when ~ 409 2, 60 | Further, the passions are principles of external action. If ~ 410 2, 61 | respect of their formal ~principles, or according to the subjects 411 2, 61 | respect of the four formal principles of virtue as ~we understand 412 2, 61 | understand it now. These principles are found chiefly in certain 413 2, 61 | respect of their common formal principles. In this way they are called ~ 414 2, 62 | by means of his natural principles. The other is a happiness 415 2, 62 | human nature, man's ~natural principles which enable him to act 416 2, 62 | from God some additional principles, ~whereby he may be directed 417 2, 62 | by means of his natural principles, ~albeit not without Divine 418 2, 62 | Divine assistance. Such like principles are called ~"theological 419 2, 62 | viz. the understanding of ~principles. Therefore there should 420 2, 62 | contains the first universal principles which are known ~to us by 421 2, 62 | receives certain ~supernatural principles, which are held by means 422 2, 63 | certain naturally known principles of both ~knowledge and action, 423 2, 63 | A[1]), certain seeds or ~principles of acquired virtue pre-exist 424 2, 63 | pre-exist in us by nature. These principles ~are more excellent than 425 2, 63 | understanding of speculative principles is more excellent than the ~ 426 2, 63 | they proceed from higher ~principles, can cause acquired human 427 2, 63 | proportionate to their causes and ~principles. Now all virtues, intellectual 428 2, 63 | arise from certain natural principles pre-existing in us, as ~ 429 2, 63 | instead of which natural principles, ~God bestows on us the 430 2, 63 | virtues are to the natural principles of ~virtue.~Aquin.: SMT 431 2, 63 | those naturally instilled principles does not ~extend beyond 432 2, 63 | to be perfected by other principles in relation to his supernatural 433 2, 65 | the understanding of the principles, ~so neither can we have 434 2, 65 | things are related to first principles. ~And in this way, all the 435 2, 65 | on the understanding ~of principles; even as prudence depends 436 2, 65 | other hand, the universal principles which are the object of 437 2, 65 | virtue of understanding of principles, do not depend on the conclusions, ~ 438 2, 65 | virtues incline, are as the ~principles of prudence: whereas the 439 2, 65 | products of art are not the ~principles, but the matter of art. 440 2, 66 | 4: Further, knowledge of principles is more excellent than knowledge ~ 441 2, 66 | conclusions from indemonstrable ~principles which are the object of 442 2, 66 | knowledge of indemonstrable principles ~depends on the meaning 443 2, 66 | whereof indemonstrable principles are constituted, is the 444 2, 66 | makes use of indemonstrable principles which ~are the object of 445 2, 67 | from the understanding of principles: while faith holds a middle ~ 446 2, 68 | powers in man can be the principles of human actions, can also ~ 447 2, 68 | as proceeding from ~their principles; secondly, relatively, viz. 448 2, 69 | counsel as to their directing ~principles: whereas they must be distributed 449 2, 72 | because the natural active principles are always determined to 450 2, 72 | also ~from their active principles: thus heating and cooling 451 2, 72 | other hand, the active ~principles in voluntary acts, such 452 2, 72 | Reply OBJ 1: The active principles in voluntary acts, not being ~ 453 2, 72 | convince one who errs in the principles, whereas one who ~errs, 454 2, 72 | who ~errs, but retains the principles, can be brought back to 455 2, 72 | the truth by ~means of the principles. Likewise in practical matters, 456 2, 74 | members of the body are not principles but merely ~organs of action: 457 2, 74 | matter are subjected in their principles.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[74] A[ 458 2, 74 | referring it to the ~first principles; since, so long as there 459 2, 74 | in reference to temporal principles, sometimes approves of this ~ 460 2, 74 | simple intuition of the ~principles from which deliberation 461 2, 75 | voluntary acts belong to principles that are within ~us, so 462 2, 76 | faith, and the universal ~principles of right, and each individual 463 2, 78 | disorder in some one of the principles of man: for it is ~thus 464 2, 78 | natural things. Now the principles ~of human acts are the intellect, 465 2, 80 | as though the sensitive principles were being affected by them 466 2, 81 | nearer ancestors, as in ~principles of our nature, which however 467 2, 81 | whatever is caused by the principles of nature, and ~something 468 2, 83 | as much as they are the principles of personal acts. Hence ~ 469 2, 85 | threefold. First, there are ~the principles of which nature is constituted, 470 2, 88 | through the truth of the principles. Hence the defect of ~order 471 2, 88 | neither can an error about principles. Wherefore ~such sins are 472 2, 89 | it does not proceed from ~principles to conclusions, so as to 473 2, 89 | necessity, consider it in its principles. Now in matters of ~appetite, 474 2, 89 | A[5]), ~ends are like principles, while the means are like 475 2, 90 | to consider the extrinsic principles of acts. Now the ~extrinsic 476 2, 90 | the first indemonstrable ~principles, so nothing stands firm 477 2, 91 | of ~reasoning is based on principles that are known naturally, 478 2, 91 | for each ~proceeds from principles to conclusions, as stated 479 2, 91 | naturally known indemonstrable principles, we draw the conclusions 480 2, 91 | general and indemonstrable principles, that the ~human reason 481 2, 91 | knowledge of ~certain general principles, but not proper knowledge 482 2, 91 | according to certain general principles, but not as regards the ~ 483 2, 91 | rule of things: but the ~principles impressed on it by nature, 484 2, 91 | must proceed from ~some principles. Nor is it enough for it 485 2, 91 | enough for it to proceed from principles ~imparted by nature, which 486 2, 91 | need for certain additional principles, ~namely, the precepts of 487 2, 92 | reason leads us from certain principles to ~assent to the conclusion, 488 2, 93 | at least as to the common principles ~of the natural law: and 489 2, 93 | the whole of nature the principles of its proper actions. And 490 2, 94 | matters, ~the indemonstrable principles are not the habit itself 491 2, 94 | itself whereby we hold ~those principles, but are the principles 492 2, 94 | principles, but are the principles the habit of which we possess.~ 493 2, 94 | only those things which are principles of human acts, viz. ~powers, 494 2, 94 | law, which are the ~first principles of human actions.~Aquin.: 495 2, 94 | habit of understanding of principles, or the natural ~law, which 496 2, 94 | practical matters, as the first principles to matters of ~demonstration. 497 2, 94 | several first indemonstrable principles. ~Therefore there are also 498 2, 94 | practical reason, what the first principles of ~demonstrations are to 499 2, 94 | because both are ~self-evident principles. Now a thing is said to 500 2, 94 | conclusions, like the universal principles, contain the truth ~without


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