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fortifying 1
fortiori 4
fortissime 1
fortitude 698
fortitudine 1
fortress 3
fortuitous 5
Frequency    [«  »]
703 purpose
703 takes
700 aa
698 fortitude
698 opinion
697 already
697 judge
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

fortitude

1-500 | 501-698

    Part, Question
1 1, 20 | moral virtues, as justice, fortitude and the like. Hence we shall ~ 2 1, 21 | temperance with concupiscence, fortitude with fear and ~daring, meekness 3 1, 59 | concupiscible, while hope and fortitude are in the ~irascible. But 4 1, 59 | concupiscible faculty. Similarly, fortitude regulates ~daring and fear, 5 1, 59 | concupiscible part, and fortitude in the irascible. But they 6 1, 59 | regulated by temperance and ~fortitude. But temperance is predicated 7 1, 59 | conformity with the Divine will. ~Fortitude is likewise attributed to 8 1, 60 | concupiscible, while hope and fortitude are in the ~irascible. But 9 1, 60 | concupiscible faculty. Similarly, fortitude regulates ~daring and fear, 10 1, 60 | concupiscible part, and fortitude in the irascible. But they 11 1, 60 | regulated by temperance and ~fortitude. But temperance is predicated 12 1, 60 | conformity with the Divine will. ~Fortitude is likewise attributed to 13 1, 94 | and immoderate fear by fortitude. But in the ~state of innocence 14 1, 94 | as meekness with anger; fortitude with fear. But ~these passions 15 1, 94 | accidental to temperance and fortitude to subdue ~superabundant 16 1, 94 | sorrow, but also to joy; and fortitude, which relates not ~only 17 1, 94 | pleasure; and ~in like manner, fortitude, as moderating daring and 18 2, 7 | the good of ~the virtue or fortitude, is not a circumstance; 19 2, 13 | were to perform an act of fortitude for the love ~of God, that 20 2, 13 | is materially an act of fortitude, but formally, an act ~of 21 2, 45 | situation. ~Consequently men of fortitude who face danger according 22 2, 50 | namely, temperance and fortitude, "belong to the irrational ~ 23 2, 54 | Tully assigns many parts of fortitude, ~temperance, and other 24 2, 56 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Fortitude is assigned to the irascible 25 2, 56 | such as temperance and fortitude, which are ~concerned with 26 2, 57 | prudence and justice and fortitude, which are such things ~ 27 2, 59 | prudence, and justice, and ~fortitude." Now the "conversation" 28 2, 59 | about the ~passions, as fortitude and temperance, as stated 29 2, 60 | operations; ~and temperance, fortitude and gentleness, about passions ( 30 2, 60 | the case with temperance, fortitude and the like.~Aquin.: SMT 31 2, 60 | contrary passions; namely, fortitude, about fear and daring; ~ 32 2, 60 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Fortitude is about fear and daring; 33 2, 60 | concupiscible passions; fortitude, about fear and ~daring; 34 2, 60 | about the passions, viz. fortitude, temperance, liberality, ~ 35 2, 60 | again, but one virtue, fortitude, ~for all forms of daring. 36 2, 61 | justice, prudence, and fortitude." But these ~are moral virtues. 37 2, 61 | and to this end there is "Fortitude."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[61] A[ 38 2, 61 | irascible faculty, subject of ~"Fortitude."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[61] A[ 39 2, 61 | passions whatever, be called fortitude. ~Many, both holy doctors, 40 2, 61 | pleasures of ~touch; and fortitude, the virtue which strengthens 41 2, 61 | just and prudent; no sound fortitude, that ~is not prudent, temperate 42 2, 61 | justice, without prudence, ~fortitude and temperance." But this 43 2, 61 | temperance is ~attributed to fortitude: for Ambrose says (De Offic. 44 2, 61 | Rightly do ~we call it fortitude, when a man conquers himself, 45 2, 61 | steadfastness, ~belongs to fortitude. Therefore each of these 46 2, 61 | them within bounds; and fortitude, a disposition whereby the 47 2, 61 | justice, ~temperance and fortitude are distinct virtuous habits: 48 2, 61 | we have said, belongs to fortitude. Moreover, ~inasmuch as 49 2, 61 | easier; and in this sense fortitude is said to be ~temperate. 50 2, 61 | to be brave, by reason of fortitude ~overflowing into temperance: 51 2, 61 | mind is ~strengthened by fortitude against dangers of death, 52 2, 61 | mean in all things, and fortitude keeps the mind unbent by ~ 53 2, 61 | absurd to ascribe justice, fortitude, ~temperance, and prudence 54 2, 61 | forgotten all about them: fortitude knows nothing about the 55 2, 61 | appetite to reason. God's fortitude is His unchangeableness; ~ 56 2, 61 | the needs of the body; fortitude prevents the soul from being 57 2, 61 | knows no earthly desires; fortitude has no knowledge of ~passion; 58 2, 61 | about buying and ~selling; fortitude, about fear; temperance, 59 2, 63 | for science, another for fortitude, another for ~temperance: 60 2, 63 | prudence and justice and fortitude."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[63] A[ 61 2, 65 | temperance for instance, or ~fortitude, is nothing but an inclination 62 2, 65 | and strength of ~mind to fortitude, in whatever matter we consider 63 2, 65 | temperance, justice and fortitude": and ~he continues to speak 64 2, 65 | just as temperance and fortitude can be without prudence. ~ 65 2, 66 | remaining moral virtues; and fortitude, which is in the irascible ~ 66 2, 66 | those who are ~equal in fortitude are equal in prudence and 67 2, 66 | these men ~are equal in fortitude, but that one is more prudent 68 2, 66 | other; it ~follows that the fortitude of the latter is less prudent. 69 2, 66 | are not really equal in fortitude, since the former's fortitude 70 2, 66 | fortitude, since the former's fortitude is ~more prudent. You will 71 2, 66 | things depend. Consequently fortitude ~which subjects the appetitive 72 2, 66 | because the former," i.e. ~fortitude, "is useful in war, and 73 2, 66 | war ~and in peace." After fortitude comes temperance, which 74 2, 66 | virtues simply. ~Because fortitude not only endures trouble 75 2, 66 | for patience is a part of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[66] A[ 76 2, 67 | Further, temperance and fortitude, which are moral virtues, 77 2, 67 | without any danger of ~error; fortitude, without the anxiety of 78 2, 67 | nor equal any good to God; fortitude will adhere to Him most ~ 79 2, 67 | commutations and distributions"; of fortitude, as to "matters of terror ~ 80 2, 67 | it will be possible for ~fortitude to be in the irascible, 81 2, 68 | a kind ~of justice, and fortitude is a moral virtue. Therefore 82 2, 68 | three to the appetite, viz. fortitude, ~piety and fear; they held 83 2, 68 | temperance, ~justice, and fortitude, and at the same time strengthens 84 2, 68 | counsel against ~rashness, fortitude against fears, knowledge 85 2, 68 | something ~corresponding to fortitude, viz. the gift of fortitude; 86 2, 68 | fortitude, viz. the gift of fortitude; while there is ~nothing 87 2, 68 | justice. But no part of fortitude is ~assigned to correspond 88 2, 68 | correspond thereto, but fortitude itself. Therefore justice ~ 89 2, 68 | understanding; ~counsel, to direct fortitude; knowledge, to direct piety. 90 2, 68 | himself, it is perfected by ~"fortitude" against the fear of dangers; 91 2, 68 | worthless, when the strength of ~fortitude is lacking thereto . . . 92 2, 68 | lacking thereto . . . and fortitude is very weak if it be ~not 93 2, 68 | from acting rashly . . . fortitude . . . has no ~fear of adversity . . . 94 2, 68 | active life, e.g. piety ~and fortitude. Now the active life ends 95 2, 68 | in the future state. Of fortitude he ~says that it "fears 96 2, 68 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, fortitude pertains to the appetitive 97 2, 68 | more excellent gift than fortitude; ~and yet the latter is 98 2, 68 | more excellent than piety, ~fortitude, and fear; and among the 99 2, 68 | the latter, piety excels fortitude, and ~fortitude fear, even 100 2, 68 | piety excels fortitude, and ~fortitude fear, even as justice surpasses 101 2, 68 | even as justice surpasses fortitude, and fortitude ~temperance. 102 2, 68 | surpasses fortitude, and fortitude ~temperance. But in regard 103 2, 68 | regard to their matter, fortitude and counsel precede ~knowledge 104 2, 68 | knowledge and piety: because fortitude and counsel are concerned 105 2, 68 | so far, as counsel and fortitude are preferred to ~knowledge 106 2, 68 | matter, counsel is united to fortitude as the directive power to 107 2, 68 | piety: because counsel and ~fortitude are concerned with matters 108 2, 68 | Hence counsel together with ~fortitude, by reason of their matter, 109 2, 68 | of all justice, prudence, fortitude, temperance ~. . . and doth 110 2, 68 | counsel; against fear, fortitude; ~against ignorance, knowledge; 111 2, 68 | grow into confusion; that fortitude, while it gives confidence, ~ 112 2, 69 | to others; meekness to ~fortitude, for Ambrose says on Lk. 113 2, 69 | It is the business of fortitude ~to conquer anger, and to 114 2, 69 | and to curb indignation," fortitude being about the ~irascible 115 2, 69 | the works of justice is fortitude of the soul: and ~the chief 116 2, 69 | men's hatred ~belongs to fortitude."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[69] A[ 117 2, 72 | to God; by temperance and fortitude, to himself; and by ~justice 118 2, 74 | sensuality; for temperance and fortitude are virtues of the ~irrational 119 2, 85 | irascible, the subject of ~fortitude, and the concupiscible, 120 2, 85 | strict sense, as contrary to ~fortitude which pertains to the irascible.~ 121 2, 87 | justice does ~not enfeeble the fortitude of the virtuous man, by 122 2, 96 | multitude: thus matters of ~fortitude may be achieved either for 123 2, 96 | is right, and an act of fortitude is to do brave things: ~ 124 2, 99 | virtues, viz. temperance, fortitude, ~liberality, and several 125 2, 100 | done ~justly, that deeds of fortitude should be done bravely, 126 2, 100 | other virtues, for instance, fortitude, sobriety, and so forth. 127 2, 100 | thereto. As to ~the act of fortitude there are the order to be 128 2, 102 | the heart; and his need of fortitude, in ~order to bear with 129 2, 105 | contrary to the ~virtue of fortitude. Therefore the timid and 130 2, 109 | does ~works of justice, fortitude, and of other virtues. And 131 2, 111 | understanding, counsel, piety, fortitude, and fear, as stated ~above ( 132 2, 114 | of faith and patience or ~fortitude would seem to be the most 133 2, 114 | the acts of patience and ~fortitude are not meritorious unless 134 2, 2 | directly to the object ~of fortitude, to face the dangers of 135 2, 2 | reduced to the object of fortitude, but indirectly.~Aquin.: 136 2, 3 | gospel." Now it belongs to fortitude, which ~moderates daring 137 2, 3 | of ~faith, but rather of fortitude or constancy.~Aquin.: SMT 138 2, 3 | Phys. viii, 4). Hence ~fortitude which removes an obstacle 139 2, 4 | you My friends," says that fortitude is the ~foundation of faith. 140 2, 4 | obstacles to belief. Thus ~fortitude removes the inordinate fear 141 2, 8 | the others, viz. piety, fortitude, and fear, is evident, since ~ 142 2, 10 | virtue, e.g. temperance or fortitude, according to the infinite 143 2, 16 | longanimity which is a species of ~fortitude. Since, then, hope is a 144 2, 20 | audacity are opposed to ~fortitude. Now the sin of presumption 145 2, 20 | with insensibility, and fortitude with audacity.~Aquin.: SMT 146 2, 22 | prudence, and justice, and fortitude, which are such things as 147 2, 22 | pleasures; ~nor the miser's fortitude, whereby as Horace, says, ' 148 2, 31 | such as ~temperance or fortitude, that action belongs chiefly 149 2, 45 | that prudence, ~temperance, fortitude and justice are four virtues.~ 150 2, 45 | and ~prudence, justice and fortitude."~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[47] A[ 151 2, 45 | sake of his concupiscences; fortitude, that ~he should not stray 152 2, 45 | distinct from temperance and ~fortitude. But temperance and fortitude 153 2, 45 | fortitude. But temperance and fortitude seem to be related only 154 2, 45 | OBJ 3: Even temperance and fortitude can be directed to the common ~ 155 2, 48 | military prudence pertains to fortitude rather than to ~prudence.~ 156 2, 48 | the ~service belongs to fortitude, but the direction, protection 157 2, 48 | military service belongs to fortitude, but ~the direction, especially 158 2, 50 | spirit of counsel, and of fortitude."~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[52] A[ 159 2, 51 | difficult matters belongs ~to fortitude. Therefore inconstancy is 160 2, 51 | inconstancy is opposed to fortitude rather than ~to prudence.~ 161 2, 51 | virtues, ~chiefly, however, to fortitude, which suffers a greater 162 2, 56 | temperance, prudence, ~fortitude and justice~Aquin.: SMT 163 2, 56 | prudence, ~and justice, and fortitude, which are such things as 164 2, 56 | prudence, and justice, and fortitude." Now the "general" ~is 165 2, 56 | so are ~temperance and fortitude. Now neither temperance 166 2, 56 | Now neither temperance nor fortitude is ~reckoned to be a general 167 2, 56 | Reply OBJ 2: Temperance and fortitude are in the sensitive appetite, ~ 168 2, 56 | rather than temperance or fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[58] A[ 169 2, 56 | such as ~temperance and fortitude, so too besides legal justice 170 2, 56 | temperance, prudence, fortitude and justice;" and he says 171 2, 56 | for fleeting pleasures, fortitude is strength of ~mind in 172 2, 56 | as are temperance and fortitude, which are in the irascible 173 2, 56 | its ~proper matter, since fortitude is about fear and daring: 174 2, 56 | stated in Ethic. ii, 3. But fortitude is about more difficult 175 2, 56 | Ethic. iii, ~6. Therefore fortitude is more excellent than justice.~ 176 2, 56 | 1~Reply OBJ 3: Although fortitude is about the most difficult 177 2, 58 | justice, even as in matters of fortitude, it proceeds from ~fortitude. 178 2, 58 | fortitude, it proceeds from ~fortitude. Accordingly judgment is 179 2, 59 | the parts of temperance or fortitude. ~Therefore the mean should 180 2, 59 | virtue, as in the ~case of fortitude and temperance. Therefore, 181 2, 62 | Reply OBJ 5: It belongs to fortitude that a man does not shrink 182 2, 62 | indeed an appearance of fortitude (for which reason some, 183 2, 62 | themselves thinking to act from fortitude), ~yet it is not true fortitude, 184 2, 62 | fortitude), ~yet it is not true fortitude, but rather a weakness of 185 2, 81 | mourn no ~more. If it is fortitude whereby blessed ere they 186 2, 83 | by martyrdom belongs to ~fortitude. Now all these things seem 187 2, 102 | fulfils both an act of ~fortitude, by facing the danger of 188 2, 106 | disposed by the virtues of fortitude or zeal to avenge evil. ~ 189 2, 106 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Fortitude disposes to vengeance by 190 2, 107 | bravely: and that he shows his fortitude ~by acting bravely is a 191 2, 107 | than to the other: thus fortitude is nearer to daring than 192 2, 115 | it belongs to a soldier's fortitude not only to wield his sword ~ 193 2, 115 | of liberality: and so do ~fortitude and justice, which, in a 194 2, 121 | Para. 1/3 - TREATISE ON FORTITUDE AND TEMPERANCE (QQ[123]- 195 2, 121 | TEMPERANCE (QQ[123]-170)~FORTITUDE (QQ[123]-124)~OF FORTITUDE ( 196 2, 121 | FORTITUDE (QQ[123]-124)~OF FORTITUDE (TWELVE ARTICLES)~After 197 2, 121 | in due sequence consider fortitude. We ~must (1) consider the 198 2, 121 | consider the virtue itself of fortitude; (2) its parts; (3) the ~ 199 2, 121 | Out. Para. 2/3~Concerning fortitude three things have to be 200 2, 121 | have to be considered: (1) Fortitude ~itself; (2) its principal 201 2, 121 | 3) the vices opposed to ~fortitude. ~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[123] 202 2, 121 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether fortitude is a virtue?~(2) Whether 203 2, 121 | special virtue?~(3) Whether fortitude is only about fear and daring?~( 204 2, 121 | own action?~(9) Whether fortitude deals chiefly with sudden 205 2, 121 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude is a virtue?~Aquin.: SMT 206 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude is not a virtue. For the 207 2, 121 | perfected in infirmity." But fortitude is contrary ~to infirmity. 208 2, 121 | to infirmity. Therefore fortitude is not a virtue.~Aquin.: 209 2, 121 | intellectual, or moral. Now fortitude is not contained among the ~ 210 2, 121 | Q[55], A[4]). Therefore fortitude is not a virtue.~Aquin.: 211 2, 121 | Ethic. iii, 7,8). But ~fortitude, seemingly, resides in the 212 2, 121 | Therefore it seems that fortitude is not a ~virtue.~Aquin.: 213 2, 121 | xv, xxi, xxii) numbers ~fortitude among the virtues.~Aquin.: 214 2, 121 | to remove this obstacle fortitude of the mind is ~requisite, 215 2, 121 | difficulty even as a man, by ~fortitude of body, overcomes and removes 216 2, 121 | Hence it is evident that fortitude is a virtue, in so far as 217 2, 121 | speaking. Now it belongs to fortitude of the mind to bear bravely 218 2, 121 | the virtue of patience or ~fortitude, as also to acknowledge 219 2, 121 | through performing acts of ~fortitude without having the virtue. 220 2, 121 | a man performs an act of fortitude without having the ~virtue, 221 2, 121 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The fortitude of the soul which is reckoned 222 2, 121 | called from its ~likeness to fortitude of the body. Nor is it inconsistent 223 2, 121 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude is a special virtue?~Aquin.: 224 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude is not a special virtue. 225 2, 121 | prudence, and justice, ~and fortitude," where the text has "virtue" 226 2, 121 | the text has "virtue" for "fortitude." Since then ~the term " 227 2, 121 | all virtues, it seems that fortitude is a ~general virtue.~Aquin.: 228 2, 121 | Ambrose says (De Offic. i): "Fortitude is not lacking in ~courage, 229 2, 121 | special virtue. Therefore fortitude is not a special ~virtue.~ 230 2, 121 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, fortitude would seem to derive its 231 2, 121 | in Ethic. ii. ~Therefore fortitude is a general virtue.~Aquin.: 232 2, 121 | 61], AA[3],4), the term ~"fortitude" can be taken in two ways. 233 2, 121 | and immovably. Secondly, ~fortitude may be taken to denote firmness 234 2, 121 | says (Rhet. ii), that ~"fortitude is deliberate facing of 235 2, 121 | of toils." In this ~sense fortitude is reckoned a special virtue, 236 2, 121 | a special virtue, namely fortitude, to which ~it belongs to 237 2, 121 | Reply OBJ 2: Ambrose takes fortitude in a broad sense, as denoting ~ 238 2, 121 | 3: This objection takes fortitude in the first sense.~Aquin.: 239 2, 121 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude is about fear and dying?~ 240 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude is not about fear and daring. 241 2, 121 | says (Moral. vii): "The fortitude of the just man is to overcome 242 2, 121 | present ~life." Therefore fortitude seems to be about pleasures 243 2, 121 | ii), that it belongs to ~fortitude to face dangers and to bear 244 2, 121 | external dangers. Therefore fortitude is not ~about fear and daring.~ 245 2, 121 | on passions. ~Therefore fortitude should not be about daring 246 2, 121 | Ethic. ii, 7; iii, 9) that ~fortitude is about fear and daring.~ 247 2, 121 | belongs to the virtue of ~fortitude to remove any obstacle that 248 2, 121 | treatise on ~passions. Hence fortitude is chiefly about fear of 249 2, 121 | notion of daring. Therefore ~fortitude is about fear and daring, 250 2, 121 | is speaking then of the fortitude of the just man, ~as to 251 2, 121 | which pertains properly to fortitude as a special virtue, by 252 2, 121 | an object of fear. Hence ~fortitude needs to be immediately 253 2, 121 | Q[45], A[1]). And since fortitude properly regards those temporal 254 2, 121 | Objection, it follows that fortitude properly is about fear ~ 255 2, 121 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude is only about dangers of 256 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude is not only about dangers 257 2, 121 | De Morib. Eccl. xv) that "fortitude is love bearing all ~things 258 2, 121 | Music. vi) he ~says that fortitude is "the love which dreads 259 2, 121 | even ~death." Therefore fortitude is not only about danger 260 2, 121 | fears to a ~mean. Therefore fortitude is not only about fear of 261 2, 121 | Therefore the virtue of fortitude is not about fear of death.~ 262 2, 121 | contrary, Andronicus says that "fortitude is a virtue of the ~irascible 263 2, 121 | belongs to the virtue of ~fortitude to guard the will against 264 2, 121 | good of the reason. Hence fortitude of soul must be ~that which 265 2, 121 | Therefore the virtue of fortitude is about the fear ~of dangers 266 2, 121 | Para. 1/1 ~Reply OBJ 1: Fortitude behaves well in bearing 267 2, 121 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude is properly about dangers 268 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude is not properly about dangers 269 2, 121 | are commended for their fortitude. But ~martyrs are not commended 270 2, 121 | connection with battle. Therefore fortitude ~is not properly about dangers 271 2, 121 | says (De Offic. i) that "fortitude is applicable ~both to warlike 272 2, 121 | heading, "That it pertains to fortitude to excel in battle rather 273 2, 121 | connected with war." Now greater fortitude is about greater things. ~ 274 2, 121 | greater things. ~Therefore fortitude is not properly concerned 275 2, 121 | seems that the virtue of fortitude is not about the danger ~ 276 2, 121 | Philosopher says (Ethic. iii) that fortitude is ~chiefly about death 277 2, 121 | As stated above (A[4]), fortitude strengthens a man's ~mind 278 2, 121 | which is that of death. Now fortitude ~is a virtue; and it is 279 2, 121 | death. Hence it belongs to fortitude to ~strengthen the mind 280 2, 121 | it must be granted that ~fortitude is properly about dangers 281 2, 121 | is God; ~wherefore their fortitude is praised above all. Nor 282 2, 121 | it outside the ~genus of fortitude that regards warlike actions, 283 2, 121 | these also there may be fortitude ~properly so called.~Aquin.: 284 2, 121 | endurance is the chief act of fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[123] A[ 285 2, 121 | is not the chief act of fortitude. For ~virtue "is about the 286 2, 121 | is not the ~chief act of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[123] A[ 287 2, 121 | unchangeably. Since then ~fortitude denotes perfection of power, 288 2, 121 | seems that it belongs to ~fortitude to attack rather than to 289 2, 121 | implies pursuit. ~Since then fortitude above all withdraws the 290 2, 121 | Philosopher ~(Ethic. iii, 9), "fortitude is more concerned to allay 291 2, 121 | Now to attack ~belongs to fortitude in so far as the latter 292 2, 121 | Therefore the principal act of ~fortitude is endurance, that is to 293 2, 121 | execution. Now the act of fortitude, in the order ~of execution, 294 2, 121 | execution, follows the habit of fortitude. Therefore it is impossible ~ 295 2, 121 | alone we love virtue." But fortitude is a virtue. Therefore ~ 296 2, 121 | virtue. Therefore ~the act of fortitude is directed not to fortitude 297 2, 121 | fortitude is directed not to fortitude but to happiness.~Aquin.: 298 2, 121 | De Morib. Eccl. xv) that "fortitude is ~love ready to bear all 299 2, 121 | God is not the habit ~of fortitude, but something better, since 300 2, 121 | that "to the brave ~man fortitude itself is a good": and such 301 2, 121 | Now the ~principal act of fortitude is to endure, not only certain 302 2, 121 | Para. 3/3~Yet the virtue of fortitude prevents the reason from 303 2, 121 | principally the ~case with fortitude. Hence the Philosopher says ( 304 2, 121 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude deals chiefly with sudden 305 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude does not deal chiefly with 306 2, 121 | Invent. Rhet. ii) that "fortitude is the ~deliberate facing 307 2, 121 | bearing of toil." Therefore fortitude ~does not deal chiefly with 308 2, 121 | Therefore the operation of fortitude is not concerned with sudden ~ 309 2, 121 | Therefore the operation of ~fortitude is not concerned with sudden 310 2, 121 | says (Ethic. iii, 8) that "fortitude is ~chiefly about sudden 311 2, 121 | considered in the operation of ~fortitude. One is in regard to its 312 2, 121 | to its choice: and thus fortitude is not ~about sudden occurrences: 313 2, 121 | considered in ~the operation of fortitude regards the display of the 314 2, 121 | habit: and ~in this way fortitude is chiefly about sudden 315 2, 121 | Ethic. iii, 8) the habit of fortitude is ~displayed chiefly in 316 2, 121 | strong proof that habitual fortitude is firmly ~seated in his 317 2, 121 | even without the habit of fortitude, to ~prepare his mind against 318 2, 121 | achieve by itself deeds of fortitude, ~wherein anger is impotent: 319 2, 121 | earnest in doing deeds of ~fortitude on account of anger, so 320 2, 121 | the sake of desire. Now fortitude employs neither ~sorrow 321 2, 121 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Whereas fortitude, as stated above (A[6]), 322 2, 121 | directly cooperates with fortitude in attacking. On the other ~ 323 2, 121 | all the cases ~in which fortitude arises from a passion, the 324 2, 121 | a due end; "this is true fortitude."~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[123] 325 2, 121 | Out. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude is a cardinal virtue?~Aquin.: 326 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude is not a cardinal virtue. 327 2, 121 | anger is closely allied with fortitude. Now anger is not ~accounted 328 2, 121 | daring which belongs to fortitude. ~Therefore neither should 329 2, 121 | Therefore neither should fortitude be reckoned a cardinal virtue.~ 330 2, 121 | But the direct object of ~fortitude is not good, but evil, for 331 2, 121 | Invent. Rhet. ii). Therefore fortitude is not a cardinal ~virtue.~ 332 2, 121 | a hinge ~[cardine]. But fortitude is about dangers of death 333 2, 121 | in human life. Therefore fortitude should not be reckoned a ~ 334 2, 121 | Moribus Eccl. xv), number fortitude among the ~four cardinal 335 2, 121 | according to Ethic. ii, 4. Now fortitude above all lays claim to 336 2, 121 | man stands firm. Therefore fortitude is a cardinal ~virtue.~Aquin.: 337 2, 121 | anger do not cooperate with fortitude in its act ~of endurance, 338 2, 121 | onslaught of evils. And fortitude is directed to ~evils of 339 2, 121 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether fortitude excels among all other virtues?~ 340 2, 121 | 1/1~OBJ 1: It seems that fortitude excels among all other virtues. 341 2, 121 | Ambrose says (De Offic. i): "Fortitude is higher, so to speak, 342 2, 121 | difficult and good. But ~fortitude is about most difficult 343 2, 121 | than his ~possessions. But fortitude is about a man's person, 344 2, 121 | external things. ~Therefore fortitude is the chief of the moral 345 2, 121 | seems to be more useful than fortitude. Therefore it is a greater 346 2, 121 | the order ~of the latter, fortitude holds the first place, because 347 2, 121 | good of ~reason: and after fortitude comes temperance, since 348 2, 121 | ranks first, justice second, fortitude third, ~temperance fourth, 349 2, 121 | Reply OBJ 1: Ambrose places fortitude before the other virtues, 350 2, 121 | Now we come to treat of fortitude, which being ~higher so 351 2, 121 | wherefore the praise awarded to fortitude ~depends somewhat on justice. 352 2, 121 | says (De Offic. i) that ~"fortitude without justice is an occasion 353 2, 121 | general utility attaches to fortitude, since it ~safeguards the 354 2, 122 | Whether martyrdom is an act of fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[124] A[ 355 2, 122 | martyrdom is not an act of fortitude. For the Greek ~{martyr} 356 2, 122 | of faith rather than of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[124] A[ 357 2, 122 | of charity rather than of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[124] A[ 358 2, 122 | patience rather than of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[124] A[ 359 2, 122 | Therefore martyrdom is an act of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[124] A[ 360 2, 122 | seqq.), it belongs to ~fortitude to strengthen man in the 361 2, 122 | martyrdom is an act of ~fortitude; for which reason the Church 362 2, 122 | considered in the act of fortitude. one ~is the good wherein 363 2, 122 | and this is the end of ~fortitude; the other is the firmness 364 2, 122 | consists the essence of fortitude. Now just as civic fortitude ~ 365 2, 122 | fortitude. Now just as civic fortitude ~strengthens a man's mind 366 2, 122 | of death, so gratuitous fortitude strengthens man's ~soul 367 2, 122 | is strengthened, but to fortitude as the eliciting habit.~ 368 2, 122 | virtue commanding it, whereas fortitude ~inclines thereto as being 369 2, 122 | charity as commanding, and of ~fortitude as eliciting. For this reason 370 2, 122 | A[6]), the chief act of fortitude ~is endurance: to this and 371 2, 122 | And since patience serves fortitude on the part of its ~chief 372 2, 122 | virtuous acts; thus neither is fortitude more excellent than all 373 2, 122 | martyrdom is an act of fortitude. But it belongs to ~fortitude 374 2, 122 | fortitude. But it belongs to ~fortitude to brave not only death 375 2, 122 | above (Q[123], AA[4],5), fortitude regards danger ~of death 376 2, 123 | 1/2 - VICES OPPOSED TO FORTITUDE (QQ[125]-140)~OF FEAR* ( 377 2, 123 | consider the vices opposed to fortitude: (1) Fear; (2) ~Fearlessness; ( 378 2, 123 | Whether it is opposed to fortitude?~(3) Whether it is a mortal 379 2, 123 | sin of fear is contrary to fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[125] A[ 380 2, 123 | fear is not contrary to fortitude: ~because fortitude is about 381 2, 123 | contrary to fortitude: ~because fortitude is about dangers of death, 382 2, 123 | fear is not contrary to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[125] A[ 383 2, 123 | why a man is commended for fortitude is ~that he exposes himself 384 2, 123 | bears a certain ~likeness to fortitude instead of being opposed 385 2, 123 | despair is opposed not ~to fortitude but to hope, as stated above ( 386 2, 123 | the sin of fear opposed to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[125] A[ 387 2, 123 | timidity is opposed to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[125] A[ 388 2, 123 | this fear is opposed to fortitude ~which regards dangers of 389 2, 123 | antonomastically* opposed to fortitude. [*Antonomasia is the figure 390 2, 123 | fear, which is contrary to fortitude. ~Hence the Philosopher 391 2, 123 | disagreeable is an act not of ~fortitude but of cowardice: for to 392 2, 123 | daring. Wherefore, just as ~fortitude which employs daring in 393 2, 123 | fear ~that is opposed to fortitude regards dangers of death. 394 2, 124 | Whether it is opposed to fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[126] A[ 395 2, 124 | fearlessness is opposed to fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[126] A[ 396 2, 124 | fearlessness is not opposed to fortitude. For we ~judge of habits 397 2, 124 | their acts. Now no act of fortitude is hindered by a ~man being 398 2, 124 | fearlessness is not opposed to ~fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[126] A[ 399 2, 124 | fearlessness is not opposed to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[126] A[ 400 2, 124 | the one side. Since then fortitude ~has fear opposed to it 401 2, 124 | fearlessness to be ~opposed to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[126] A[ 402 2, 124 | stated above (Q[123], A[3]), fortitude is concerned ~about fear 403 2, 124 | concerned. Hence it belongs to fortitude ~that man should moderate 404 2, 124 | as timidity is opposed to fortitude by excess of fear, in so 405 2, 124 | Reply OBJ 1: The act of fortitude is to endure death without 406 2, 124 | nature corrupts the mean of ~fortitude, wherefore it is opposed 407 2, 124 | wherefore it is opposed to fortitude directly. But in respect ~ 408 2, 124 | of daring is opposed to fortitude by excess of ~daring, and 409 2, 124 | fearlessness by deficiency of fear. Fortitude imposes the ~mean on each 410 2, 125 | Whether it is opposed to fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[127] A[ 411 2, 125 | belongs to the virtue of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[127] A[ 412 2, 125 | Whether daring is opposed to fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[127] A[ 413 2, 125 | daring is not opposed to fortitude. For excess of ~daring seems 414 2, 125 | humility rather than to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[127] A[ 415 2, 125 | sin, is opposed, not to fortitude but to justice.~Aquin.: 416 2, 125 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, fortitude is concerned about fear 417 2, 125 | since timidity is opposed to fortitude in ~respect of an excess 418 2, 125 | then, daring is opposed to fortitude, in the point of excessive 419 2, 125 | a vice in opposition to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[127] A[ 420 2, 125 | daring to be opposed to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[127] A[ 421 2, 125 | opposed to the virtue of fortitude which is concerned ~about 422 2, 126 | Para. 1/1 - OF THE PARTS OF FORTITUDE (ONE ARTICLE)~We must now 423 2, 126 | now consider the parts of fortitude; first we shall consider ~ 424 2, 126 | consider ~what are the parts of fortitude; and secondly we shall treat 425 2, 126 | 1/1~Whether the parts of fortitude are suitably assigned?~Aquin.: 426 2, 126 | seems that the parts of fortitude are unsuitably assigned. ~ 427 2, 126 | ii) assigns four parts to fortitude, namely ~"magnificence," " 428 2, 126 | not be ~reckoned a part of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[128] A[ 429 2, 126 | not seem to pertain to fortitude, but is rather a virtue 430 2, 126 | not be reckoned a part of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[128] A[ 431 2, 126 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, fortitude makes a man behave aright 432 2, 126 | suitably reckoned as parts of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[128] A[ 433 2, 126 | he ascribes the same to fortitude. ~Therefore patience is 434 2, 126 | patience is the same as fortitude and not a part thereof.~ 435 2, 126 | be ~accounted a part of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[128] A[ 436 2, 126 | reckons seven parts of ~fortitude, namely "magnanimity, confidence, 437 2, 126 | seven virtues ~annexed to fortitude, and these are, "courage, 438 2, 126 | reckoning of the parts of fortitude is incomplete.~Aquin.: SMT 439 2, 126 | iii) reckons five parts of fortitude. ~The first is "civic" fortitude, 440 2, 126 | fortitude. ~The first is "civic" fortitude, which produces brave deeds 441 2, 126 | the second is "military" fortitude, which ~produces brave deeds 442 2, 126 | experience; the third ~is the fortitude which produces brave deeds 443 2, 126 | anger; the fourth is the fortitude which makes a man act ~bravely 444 2, 126 | overcome; the fifth is the fortitude ~which makes a man act bravely 445 2, 126 | danger. Now ~these kinds of fortitude are not comprised under 446 2, 126 | enumerations of the parts of fortitude are ~unfitting.~Aquin.: 447 2, 126 | integral, and potential. But fortitude, taken as a ~special virtue, 448 2, 126 | requisite for an act of fortitude; and potential parts, because 449 2, 126 | potential parts, because what ~fortitude practices in face of the 450 2, 126 | these virtues are annexed to fortitude as secondary virtues ~to 451 2, 126 | AA[3],6), the act of ~fortitude is twofold, aggression and 452 2, 126 | to the proper matter of fortitude, namely to ~dangers of death, 453 2, 126 | without them there can be no fortitude; whereas if they be referred 454 2, 126 | specifically ~distinct from fortitude, but annexed thereto as 455 2, 126 | requisite for the ~other act of fortitude, viz. endurance. The first 456 2, 126 | to the proper matter ~of fortitude, they will be quasi-integral 457 2, 126 | be virtues distinct from ~fortitude, yet annexed thereto as 458 2, 126 | is perfected chiefly by fortitude: ~and to this virtue, in 459 2, 126 | here is accounted a part of fortitude, man hopes in ~himself, 460 2, 126 | certain connection with ~fortitude by reason of the imminent 461 2, 126 | dangers of death, with which ~fortitude is concerned, without excessive 462 2, 126 | accounted a virtue annexed to ~fortitude: but as referred to dangers 463 2, 126 | it is reckoned a part ~of fortitude in the sense stated in the 464 2, 126 | they concur in the act of fortitude, they ~differ as to motive, 465 2, 126 | reckoned parts but modes of fortitude.~ 466 2, 127 | consider each of the parts of fortitude, including, however, ~the 467 2, 127 | Whether it is a part of fortitude?~(6) Of its relation to 468 2, 127 | AA[4],5) with regard to fortitude that it is about dangers 469 2, 127 | great in such passions: thus fortitude is about very great fear 470 2, 127 | magnanimity is a part of fortitude?~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[129] A[ 471 2, 127 | magnanimity is not a part of fortitude. For a thing ~is not a part 472 2, 127 | appears to be the same as ~fortitude. For Seneca says (De Quat. 473 2, 127 | magnanimity, which is ~also called fortitude, be in thy soul, thou shalt 474 2, 127 | magnanimity is not a part of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[129] A[ 475 2, 127 | nothing in common with fortitude so as to be called a part 476 2, 127 | to be hoped for, ~whereas fortitude regards the great in things 477 2, 127 | more ~important virtue than fortitude. Therefore it is not a part 478 2, 127 | magnanimity as a part of fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[129] A[ 479 2, 127 | dangers of death, wherein ~fortitude confirms the mind, than 480 2, 127 | magnanimity agrees with ~fortitude in confirming the mind about 481 2, 127 | magnanimity is reckoned a part of ~fortitude, because it is annexed thereto 482 2, 127 | the former belonging to fortitude, and the ~latter to magnanimity: 483 2, 127 | magnanimity: in this sense fortitude and magnanimity may be ~ 484 2, 127 | is a distinct virtue from fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[129] A[ 485 2, 127 | something great in the act of fortitude, even as in the acts of 486 2, 127 | things. Hence the virtue of fortitude ~takes precedence of the 487 2, 127 | fear ~seems more akin to fortitude. Therefore confidence also 488 2, 127 | confidence also belongs to ~fortitude rather than to magnanimity.~ 489 2, 127 | hope is. Since, however, fortitude properly ~strengthens a 490 2, 127 | to ~magnanimity than to fortitude. Yet because hope causes 491 2, 127 | daring, which ~belongs to fortitude, it follows in consequence 492 2, 127 | confidence pertains ~to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[129] A[ 493 2, 127 | reckoned among the parts of fortitude, not as an ~annexed virtue, 494 2, 127 | disturbance of fear. But fortitude does this most effectively. 495 2, 127 | is seemingly the same as fortitude. But fortitude does not ~ 496 2, 127 | the same as fortitude. But fortitude does not ~belong to magnanimity; 497 2, 127 | so fear directly regards fortitude. Wherefore as ~confidence 498 2, 127 | belongs ~immediately to fortitude.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[129] A[ 499 2, 127 | confidence belongs indirectly to ~fortitude, in so far as it makes use 500 2, 127 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Fortitude is chiefly commended, not


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