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Alphabetical    [«  »]
consecutively 1
consens 13
consensu 16
consent 664
consented 17
consenting 31
consentire 1
Frequency    [«  »]
668 religious
667 latter
665 exist
664 consent
661 baptized
661 remain
658 intelligible
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

consent

1-500 | 501-664

    Part, Question
1 1, 48 | temptation which involves no consent, is not a sin, but an occasion 2 1, 63 | choice, exhortation, or consent, as man, who requires ~deliberation 3 1, 63 | deliberation in order to choose and consent, and vocal speech in order 4 1, 63 | possible for the others to ~consent thereto.~Aquin.: SMT FP 5 1, 49 | temptation which involves no consent, is not a sin, but an occasion 6 1, 64 | choice, exhortation, or consent, as man, who requires ~deliberation 7 1, 64 | deliberation in order to choose and consent, and vocal speech in order 8 1, 64 | possible for the others to ~consent thereto.~Aquin.: SMT FP 9 1, 94 | reception of grace requires the consent of the ~recipient, since 10 1, 94 | between ~God and the soul. But consent presupposes existence. Therefore 11 1, 110 | will ever remains free to ~consent to, or to resist, the passion.~ 12 2, 6 | that the will ~does not consent, but is moved entirely counter 13 2, 10 | will to desire or not to consent to concupiscence. And thus 14 2, 13 | three of them: to choose, to consent, and to use. And choice 15 2, 13 | secondly, counsel; thirdly, consent; fourthly, use.~Aquin.: 16 2, 15 | 15] Out. Para. 1/1 - OF CONSENT, WHICH IS AN ACT OF THE 17 2, 15 | ARTICLES) ~We must now consider consent; concerning which there 18 2, 15 | of ~inquiry:~(1) Whether consent is an act of the appetitive 19 2, 15 | to the means?~(4) Whether consent to an act belongs to the 20 2, 15 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent is an act of the appetitive 21 2, 15 | OBJ 1: It would seem that consent belongs only to the apprehensive 22 2, 15 | Trin. xii, 12) ascribes consent to the ~higher reason. But 23 2, 15 | apprehensive power. Therefore consent ~belongs to an apprehensive 24 2, 15 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, consent is "co-sense." But sense 25 2, 15 | apprehensive ~power. Therefore consent is the act of an apprehensive 26 2, 15 | intellect to ~something, so is consent. But assent belongs to the 27 2, 15 | apprehensive power. Therefore consent also belongs to an apprehensive ~ 28 2, 15 | there is no ~sentence," i.e. consent. But affection belongs to 29 2, 15 | appetitive power. ~Therefore consent does also.~Aquin.: SMT FS 30 2, 15 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Consent implies application of sense 31 2, 15 | goodness." And on these grounds consent ~is an act of the appetitive 32 2, 15 | when Augustine ascribes consent to the reason, he takes 33 2, 15 | given. But "consentire" [to consent] is "to feel ~with," and 34 2, 15 | certain union to the object of consent. Hence ~the will, to which 35 2, 15 | is more ~properly said to consent: whereas the intellect, 36 2, 15 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent is to be found in irrational 37 2, 15 | OBJ 1: It would seem that consent is to be found in irrational 38 2, 15 | irrational animals. ~For consent implies a determination 39 2, 15 | to one thing. Therefore ~consent is to be found in irrational 40 2, 15 | remove what follows. ~But consent precedes the accomplished 41 2, 15 | therefore there were no ~consent in irrational animals, there 42 2, 15 | men are sometimes said to consent to do something, ~through 43 2, 15 | passion. Therefore they consent.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[15] A[ 44 2, 15 | called the sentence," i.e. consent. But counsel is not in ~ 45 2, 15 | animals. Therefore neither is consent.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[15] A[ 46 2, 15 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Consent, properly speaking, is not 47 2, 15 | The reason of this is that consent implies an application of 48 2, 15 | is not properly said to consent: this is proper to the rational ~ 49 2, 15 | merely passive: whereas consent implies a ~determination 50 2, 15 | act follows not only ~from consent, but also from the impulse 51 2, 15 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent is directed to the end or 52 2, 15 | OBJ 1: It would seem that consent is directed to the end. 53 2, 15 | account of the end that we consent to the means. Therefore, 54 2, 15 | Therefore, still more do ~we consent to the end.~Aquin.: SMT 55 2, 15 | his own act. Therefore consent can be directed to the end.~ 56 2, 15 | 13], ~A[1]). If therefore consent were only directed to the 57 2, 15 | the choice." Therefore ~consent is not only directed to 58 2, 15 | the ~"sentence," i.e. the consent, takes place "when a man 59 2, 15 | Therefore the same applies to consent.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[15] A[ 60 2, 15 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Consent is the application of the 61 2, 15 | end has not the nature of consent, but of simple volition. ~ 62 2, 15 | to counsel's ~decision is consent, properly speaking. Consequently, 63 2, 15 | is ~only about the means, consent, properly speaking, is of 64 2, 15 | understanding; so do we consent to the means on ~account 65 2, 15 | of which our act is not consent but ~something greater, 66 2, 15 | includes something that consent has not, namely, a ~certain 67 2, 15 | preferred: and ~therefore after consent there still remains a choice. 68 2, 15 | these meeting with approval, consent has been ~given to each: 69 2, 15 | meets with approval, then consent ~and choice do not differ 70 2, 15 | them; so that we call it consent, according as we approve 71 2, 15 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent to the act belongs only 72 2, 15 | OBJ 1: It would seem that consent to the act does not always 73 2, 15 | prime] (Ethic. x, 4). But consent to delight ~belongs to the 74 2, 15 | Trin. xii, 12). ~Therefore consent to the act does not belong 75 2, 15 | Further, an act to which we consent is said to be voluntary. 76 2, 15 | of the soul. ~Therefore consent to an act does not belong 77 2, 15 | of ~what is to be done is consent to the act. Therefore consent 78 2, 15 | consent to the act. Therefore consent to the act ~belongs to the 79 2, 15 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Consent to delight in the work done 80 2, 15 | higher ~reason, as also does consent to the work; but consent 81 2, 15 | consent to the work; but consent to delight in ~thought belongs 82 2, 15 | voluntary from the fact that we ~consent to them, it does not follow 83 2, 15 | it does not follow that consent is an act of each power, 84 2, 15 | higher reason is said to consent not only because it ~always 85 2, 16 | principle to action: thus to consent is to apply the appetitive 86 2, 16 | Therefore there is use in consent. But consent precedes ~choice 87 2, 16 | there is use in consent. But consent precedes ~choice as stated 88 2, 16 | the will we can find both consent and choice and use; so that 89 2, 16 | choose, and consents to consent, and uses ~itself in consenting 90 2, 31 | nothing else but a volition of consent to the ~things we wish."~ 91 2, 35 | joy is the ~volition of consent to the things we wish: and 92 2, 35 | things we do not wish." But consent and ~dissent are contraries. 93 2, 55 | part, but not without our consent. This is the sense of the 94 2, 58 | nature, inclining him to consent to his ~reason, without 95 2, 59 | virtuous man, so that he consent to them deliberately; as ~ 96 2, 59 | on the mind to give its consent, it hinders counsel and 97 2, 61 | soul giving a whole-hearted consent to follow the way thus ~ 98 2, 72 | flows from the reason by its consent; since consent in a sinful 99 2, 72 | reason by its consent; since consent in a sinful act ~belongs 100 2, 72 | the third stage, ~"when consent is given to the deed." Now 101 2, 72 | cogitation, pleasure, and consent.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[72] A[ 102 2, 74 | 7) Whether the sin of consent in the act of sin is subjected 103 2, 74 | Trin. xii, 12) that "if the consent ~to a sensual delectation 104 2, 74 | 1/1~Whether the sin of consent to the act is in the higher 105 2, 74 | would seem that the sin of consent to the act is not in the ~ 106 2, 74 | the ~higher reason. For consent is an act of the appetitive 107 2, 74 | power. ~Therefore the sin of consent to the act is not in the 108 2, 74 | A[9])]. But sometimes consent is ~given to an act, without 109 2, 74 | act. ~Therefore the sin of consent to the act is not always 110 2, 74 | or other ~passions. But "consent to a pleasure without deciding 111 2, 74 | xii, ~2). Therefore the consent to a sinful act should also 112 2, 74 | also the lower reason may consent to a sinful act, ~independently 113 2, 74 | Trin. xii, 12): "If the consent to ~the evil use of things 114 2, 74 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Consent implies a judgment about 115 2, 74 | about the thing to which ~consent is given. For just as the 116 2, 74 | preamble thereto. Therefore the consent ~to an action belongs properly 117 2, 74 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Consent is an act of the appetitive 118 2, 74 | Because the fact that the consent is finally ~given to a thing 119 2, 74 | passed its judgment. Hence consent may be ~ascribed both to 120 2, 74 | higher reason is said to consent, from the very fact ~that 121 2, 74 | omission. Therefore the consent to a sinful act always proceeds ~ 122 2, 74 | of a sin, unless by ~its consent, whereby it wields its sovereign 123 2, 74 | delectation: and then the consent to the delectation belongs 124 2, 74 | persists in ~giving the same consent, such consent will then 125 2, 74 | giving the same consent, such consent will then belong to the 126 2, 74 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent to delectation is a mortal 127 2, 74 | OBJ 1: It would seem that consent to delectation is not a 128 2, 74 | is not a mortal sin, ~for consent to delectation belongs to 129 2, 74 | Q[71], ~A[6]). Therefore consent to delectation is not a 130 2, 74 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, consent to a thing is not evil, 131 2, 74 | unless the thing to ~which consent is given be evil. Now "the 132 2, 74 | be a lesser evil than his consent. But delectation ~without 133 2, 74 | Therefore ~neither is the consent to the delectation a mortal 134 2, 74 | is a like difference of consent on either hand. ~But the 135 2, 74 | a mortal sin, nor is the consent to that ~thought: and therefore 136 2, 74 | therefore neither is the consent to the delectation.~Aquin.: 137 2, 74 | does not, for this reason, consent to ~the inordinateness of 138 2, 74 | it is not a mortal sin to consent to the delectation ~resulting 139 2, 74 | therefore is it a mortal ~sin to consent to the delectation resulting 140 2, 74 | Augustine ~teaches that consent to delectation may be driven 141 2, 74 | trespasses.'" Therefore consent to delectation ~is a venial 142 2, 74 | through mortal sin. Therefore consent to delectation is a ~mortal 143 2, 74 | for some ~have held that consent to delectation is not a 144 2, 74 | neither is ~it a mortal sin to consent to such a thought. In this 145 2, 74 | to nothing ~less than a consent to the inclination of his 146 2, 74 | mortal sin. Wherefore such a ~consent to delectation in a mortal 147 2, 74 | 1 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Consent to delectation may be not 148 2, 74 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Consent to a sin that is venial 149 2, 74 | one may conclude that the consent to take ~pleasure in a useless 150 2, 74 | a venial sin before the consent is given, is ~accidental, 151 2, 74 | ceases when the deliberate consent has been given, so that ~ 152 2, 74 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 5: The consent to delectation, resulting 153 2, 74 | mortal sin also: but not the consent to ~delectation resulting 154 2, 74 | contempt. Since then the consent of the higher ~reason is 155 2, 74 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Consent to a sinful act belongs 156 2, 74 | stated above (A[7]). But consent to an act of venial sin 157 2, 74 | Reply OBJ 3: Deliberate consent to a sin does not always 158 2, 74 | deliberation. Now deliberate consent to what is a mortal ~sin 159 2, 74 | mortally in giving a deliberate consent; but ~in things pertaining 160 2, 76 | the will cannot be said to consent to the sin directly, but 161 2, 77 | power to give or refuse its consent to ~what passion inclines 162 2, 77 | be under us; and yet this consent or dissent of the will is ~ 163 2, 77 | put to work, except by the consent of reason, as stated above ( 164 2, 77 | act, or to a deliberate consent, this ~does not happen suddenly: 165 2, 80 | s reason so that it may consent to sin, which darkness is 166 2, 87 | except accidentally, if he consent to the other's ~sin), since 167 2, 88 | the sensuality before the consent of ~reason, is a venial 168 2, 88 | a venial sin, but after consent, is a mortal sin, as stated ~ 169 2, 88 | sensuality which preceded the ~consent of reason can never become 170 2, 88 | generic nature, through the consent of reason. ~If, on the other 171 2, 89 | unbeliever, even ~without his consent, is a mortal sin, because 172 2, 89 | mortal sins, when they do not consent to them. This is ~evident 173 2, 97 | make their own laws, the ~consent of the whole people expressed 174 2, 98 | and again (verse 16): "I consent to ~the law, that is good."~ 175 2, 100 | slay his son, ~he did not consent to murder, because his son 176 2, 102 | uncleanness arising from ~consent in another's sin, according 177 2, 105 | of men united together by consent to the law and by ~community 178 2, 111 | we are being justified we consent to God's justification [ 179 2, 113 | justification of the ungodly, is a consent to detest sin, and to draw ~ 180 2, 113 | draw ~near to God; and this consent takes place suddenly. Sometimes, 181 2, 2 | but of the ~will, even as consent is, as stated above (FS, 182 2, 10 | one can, seems to imply consent ~therein, as a gloss observes 183 2, 10 | them, ~but they also that consent to them that do them." Therefore 184 2, 10 | embrace the faith: it can then consent to the faith, and be baptized, ~ 185 2, 10 | faith without the other's ~consent. But this does not apply 186 2, 18 | denotes a ~will that cannot consent to sin, and whereby we avoid 187 2, 23 | for sinning, and if we ~consent to this motive, we lose 188 2, 28 | Reply OBJ 2: If one man consent to the same thing together 189 2, 28 | together with another ~man, his consent is nevertheless not perfectly 190 2, 28 | Nom. xi), peace "unites consent." But there cannot be ~unity 191 2, 28 | there cannot be ~unity of consent in things which are devoid 192 2, 28 | appetite, in both of which consent ~may be found, but also 193 2, 28 | peace is the cause of consent and of connaturalness," 194 2, 28 | connaturalness," where "consent" ~denotes the union of appetites 195 2, 30 | he must ask the owner's consent, and then succor ~the poor 196 2, 30 | the express or ~presumed consent of her husband, except in 197 2, 30 | give alms with her mother's consent.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[32] A[ 198 2, 33 | consummation of sin is ~in the consent of reason: for we are speaking 199 2, 33 | without ~attaining to the consent of reason, it is a venial 200 2, 33 | whereas if it ~reach to the consent of reason, it is a mortal 201 2, 33 | they do not reach to the consent of reason.~Aquin.: SMT SS 202 2, 35 | good, to which he ought to consent. This is a mortal sin in ~ 203 2, 38 | them, but they also that consent to them that do them." Now ~ 204 2, 38 | those, above all, seem to consent to a thing, who induce others 205 2, 41 | and the latter does ~not consent; and sometimes there is 206 2, 42 | directed to God, so that ~it consent to nothing contrary to the 207 2, 55 | agreement, or by common ~consent, when, to wit, a man deems 208 2, 60 | another, either with his consent, for instance on loan or 209 2, 60 | an ~injury, i.e. with the consent of the owner, as in the 210 2, 60 | them, but also they that ~consent to them that do them." Therefore 211 2, 60 | in like manner they that consent ~are bound to restitution.~ 212 2, 60 | express command, counsel, or consent, or by praising a man for ~ 213 2, 60 | command, by counsel, by consent, by flattery, by receiving, 214 2, 60 | Secondly, in the case of consent; namely of one without ~ 215 2, 60 | namely of one without ~whose consent the robbery cannot take 216 2, 62 | provided ~she does not consent, since "without consent 217 2, 62 | consent, since "without consent of the mind there is no ~ 218 2, 62 | life for fear he should ~consent to sin, because "evil must 219 2, 62 | will at ~some future time consent to a sin, since God is able 220 2, 63 | individual, even with the consent of the owner ~of the member, 221 2, 63 | then it is lawful ~with the consent of the owner of the member, 222 2, 63 | applies if it be done with the consent of ~the person whose business 223 2, 64 | as there may be through consent in a mere ~thought.~Aquin.: 224 2, 65 | provided the ~injured party consent to the remission, and that 225 2, 66 | false, and then by mutual consent the accuser and the ~defendant 226 2, 67 | worthy of death . . . that consent" to those who sin - it is ~ 227 2, 67 | judges chosen by common ~consent. Much less therefore is 228 2, 67 | power save by virtue of the consent ~of the litigants. On the 229 2, 67 | judge ~depends, not on the consent of those who are subject 230 2, 68 | them, but they also that consent to them ~that do them," 231 2, 68 | one can ~disprove is to consent." In matters pertaining 232 2, 69 | sin, "but ~they also that consent to them that do" it. Hence 233 2, 69 | is not always ~bound to consent to plead, or to give advice 234 2, 71 | sins, "but they also that consent ~to them that do them." 235 2, 71 | resisting it, he seems to consent to the backbiter, so that 236 2, 76 | sins, "but they also that ~consent to them that do them." Now 237 2, 76 | borrows for usury does not consent to the usurer's ~sin but 238 2, 84 | Further, lay people with the consent of the Church buy oblations ~ 239 2, 86 | profession even without the consent of their parents. ~Therefore 240 2, 86 | the vow, unless her father consent: and the same is said ~there ( 241 2, 86 | And therefore without the consent of his superior he ~cannot 242 2, 86 | shall be valid without the consent of his father.~Aquin.: SMT 243 2, 86 | religious stands ~without the consent of his superior, as neither 244 2, 86 | father's) house without his consent; nor of a wife, ~without 245 2, 86 | of a wife, ~without the consent of her husband.~Aquin.: 246 2, 86 | does not stand without the consent of the one to whom he is 247 2, 86 | simple or solemn, without the consent of their parents.~Aquin.: 248 2, 86 | if ~"the father or master consent," or "does not dissent." 249 2, 87 | instance, "provided he give his consent" or some such like condition.~ 250 2, 96 | because he would then seem to ~consent in his sin. Much less therefore 251 2, 98 | without his ~knowledge and consent, since punishment is due 252 2, 98 | without his knowledge and consent. Therefore ~he should not 253 2, 98 | without his knowledge and consent, he forfeits the exercise 254 2, 98 | restitution must be made, with the consent of superior authority, ~ 255 2, 104 | s property without ~his consent. But a moral debt depends 256 2, 106 | happen through some kind of "consent" or "connivance": thus ~ 257 2, 112 | please ~them, lest we seem to consent to their sin, and in a way 258 2, 114 | contradictor refusing to consent with him from ~lack of that 259 2, 120 | their prohibition is ~the consent of the will, which is directed 260 2, 123 | the ~rational appetite's consent: and then it cannot be a 261 2, 145 | silent they would seem to ~consent. ~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[147] 262 2, 149 | whatsoever rather than consent to evil."~Aquin.: SMT SS 263 2, 149 | restraint, since if one ~consent to them this increases the 264 2, 150 | and without the ~mind's consent, although the flesh derives 265 2, 152 | a mortal sin not only to consent to the act, but ~also to 266 2, 152 | such like sins not only consent to the act but also consent 267 2, 152 | consent to the act but also consent to the ~pleasure is a mortal 268 2, 152 | led in his imagination to consent to acts productive of pollution. ~ 269 2, 152 | subsequently married them with the consent of ~their parents." Therefore 270 2, 152 | violated, but of her own consent, whether by ~act of fornication 271 2, 152 | marry her with her parents' consent. ~Otherwise the marriage 272 2, 152 | s own lust, or with ~the consent of the other party." Now 273 2, 156 | neighbor: and should the consent of reason be given to this ~ 274 2, 160 | reason, and being without its consent), so ~too in the matter 275 2, 160 | sins, when reason does not consent to them.~Aquin.: SMT SS 276 2, 163 | he had the will, not to consent to the ~persuader."~Aquin.: 277 2, 163 | to the higher reason by ~consent in the sin, signified by 278 2, 182 | by charity which operates consent in ~us men. Wherefore even 279 2, 187 | since this depends on the ~consent of those whom he wishes 280 2, 187 | puberty, they can, with the consent of their parents, be received 281 2, 187 | vow without her parents' consent: but ~the vow can be made 282 3, 13 | 14,15), it was by the consent of the Divine will that 283 3, 14 | 15) that, "it ~was by the consent of the Divine will that 284 3, 14 | ad 2), "it was by the consent of the ~Divine will that 285 3, 15 | Orth. iii, 19), "it was by ~consent of the Divine will that 286 3, 19 | except by Their merciful consent, is distinct from His ~operation, 287 3, 27 | acknowledge, believe, and consent, whereas in other ~children 288 3, 28 | however, by their common ~consent she took a vow of virginity 289 3, 29 | remain continent by mutual consent, their union is ~still and 290 3, 30 | receiving the Virgin's ~consent. But her consent seems to 291 3, 30 | Virgin's ~consent. But her consent seems to have been unnecessary: 292 3, 30 | is "fulfilled without our consent," as a gloss says on Mt. 293 3, 30 | Annunciation ~the Virgin's consent was besought in lieu of 294 3, 30 | our will; not without its consent.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[30] A[ 295 3, 30 | purposed to lead her mind to consent. This he did by the ~instance 296 3, 40 | them, but they ~also that consent to them that do them." But 297 3, 41 | first he enticed his mind to consent to the eating of the forbidden ~ 298 3, 49 | he had induced to ~give consent.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[49] A[ 299 3, 54 | because, as Augustine says (Ad Consent., De Resur. ~Carn.), "there 300 3, 54 | because, as Augustine says (Ad Consent., De Resurr. Carn.): "I ~ 301 3, 64 | 19: "If two of you shall consent upon earth, concerning anything ~ 302 3, 68 | another's sin so long as he consent not with his will, according ~ 303 3, 69 | hurt ~another, unless he consent. Hence Augustine says in 304 3, 71 | doctrine, as to the ears; consent thereto as to ~the nose; 305 3, 80 | delectation, and ~should there be consent, it will be a mortal sin: 306 3, 80 | account of the proneness to consent, rather than in the case ~ 307 3, 82 | the latter, in some way, consent, as Augustine says (Contra ~ 308 3, 83 | profaned; but with the bishop's consent. ~Hence we read in the same 309 3, 90 | merely in the thought by consent, as stated in the FS, Q[ 310 3, 90 | sin is ~completed in the consent of the heart, yet the perfection 311 Suppl, 11| contrary, If the sinner consent, a superior may refer him 312 Suppl, 11| priest. Therefore with the consent of the penitent, ~the priest 313 Suppl, 11| priest with the ~penitent's consent, shares in an act of the 314 Suppl, 12| will, so that if the will consent ~to the necessity, the element 315 Suppl, 22| community would so wholly consent to evil that there would 316 Suppl, 39| The cause of matrimony is consent, which cannot be without ~ 317 Suppl, 42| words whereby the marriage consent is expressed are the ~form 318 Suppl, 42| the words expressive ~of consent are not the cause of grace, 319 Suppl, 42| the words expressive ~of consent directly effect a certain 320 Suppl, 43| efficient cause, namely the consent; (4) of its blessings; ( 321 Suppl, 43| Para. 1/1~I answer that, Consent to conjugal union if expressed 322 Suppl, 43| they plighted their mutual consent under ~the marriage code, 323 Suppl, 43| take thee, if thy parents consent," and then the promise ~ 324 Suppl, 43| I will take thee if thou consent to my ~thefts," and then 325 Suppl, 43| take thee, if thy parents consent," and such a condition ~ 326 Suppl, 43| as asking a price for the consent of marriage, ~but as referring 327 Suppl, 43| betrothal, so is there for the consent to mortal sin. Now, as Gregory ~ 328 Suppl, 43| they are ~understood to consent to what others have done.~ 329 Suppl, 43| it is ~sufficient to give consent to something present, whereas 330 Suppl, 43| whereas in a betrothal ~the consent is to something future; 331 Suppl, 44| the words expressive of consent, which are sacrament only 332 Suppl, 44| matrimony is the lawful consent ~of two apt persons to be 333 Suppl, 44| indicates the cause, namely the consent, and this ~definition is 334 Suppl, 45| Para. 1/2 - OF THE MARRIAGE CONSENT CONSIDERED IN ITSELF (FIVE 335 Suppl, 45| we have to consider the consent; and the first point ~to 336 Suppl, 45| point ~to discuss is the consent considered in itself; the 337 Suppl, 45| itself; the second is the consent ~confirmed by oath or by 338 Suppl, 45| the third is compulsory ~consent and conditional consent; 339 Suppl, 45| consent and conditional consent; and the fourth is the object 340 Suppl, 45| fourth is the object of the ~consent.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[45] Out. 341 Suppl, 45| inquiry:~(1) Whether the consent is the efficient cause of 342 Suppl, 45| matrimony?~(2) Whether the consent needs to be expressed in 343 Suppl, 45| expressed in words?~(3) Whether consent given in words expressive 344 Suppl, 45| a ~marriage?~(4) Whether consent given in words expressive 345 Suppl, 45| present, without ~inward consent, makes a true marriage outwardly?~( 346 Suppl, 45| marriage outwardly?~(5) Whether consent given secretly in words 347 Suppl, 45| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent is the efficient cause of 348 Suppl, 45| OBJ 1: It would seem that consent is not the efficient cause 349 Suppl, 45| TP, Q[64], A[2]). But ~consent belongs to the human will. 350 Suppl, 45| is ~nothing else than the consent, since it is the consent 351 Suppl, 45| consent, since it is the consent which signifies ~the union 352 Suppl, 45| on the one hand there is consent ~to take a husband, and 353 Suppl, 45| husband, and on the other hand consent to take a wife. ~Therefore 354 Suppl, 45| wife. ~Therefore mutual consent is not the cause of matrimony.~ 355 Suppl, 45| It is not coition but ~consent that makes a marriage." ~ 356 Suppl, 45| another, without the latter's consent. Now by marriage ~each of 357 Suppl, 45| his own body. Therefore ~consent makes a marriage.~Aquin.: 358 Suppl, 45| contracts are effected by mutual consent, it follows that the ~joining 359 Suppl, 45| Divine ~institution, and thus consent is the cause in matrimony.~ 360 Suppl, 45| 2: Matrimony is not the consent itself, but the union of ~ 361 Suppl, 45| union is the effect of the consent. Moreover, the consent, 362 Suppl, 45| the consent. Moreover, the consent, properly ~speaking, signifies 363 Suppl, 45| persons united, so too the consent is one on the part of the 364 Suppl, 45| is the direct object of consent a ~husband but union with 365 Suppl, 45| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the consent needs to be expressed in 366 Suppl, 45| there is no need for the consent to be ~expressed in words. 367 Suppl, 45| expressed in words. Therefore consent also makes a ~marriage binding 368 Suppl, 45| to ~express their mutual consent in words, through being 369 Suppl, 45| Therefore expression of the consent by words is not required ~ 370 Suppl, 45| least words by which the consent ~is made perceptible to 371 Suppl, 45| Therefore in matrimony also the ~consent must be expressed in words.~ 372 Suppl, 45| words, it follows that the consent which makes a ~marriage 373 Suppl, 45| married should give their consent by accepting one ~another 374 Suppl, 45| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent given in words expressive 375 Suppl, 45| OBJ 1: It would seem that consent given in words expressive 376 Suppl, 45| is future to ~future. But consent given in words expressive 377 Suppl, 45| in the present. Therefore consent given in words expressive 378 Suppl, 45| from the words expressing consent. Now in ~other contracts 379 Suppl, 45| would not be ~the case if consent given in words of the future 380 Suppl, 45| marry another. Therefore consent given in ~words of the future 381 Suppl, 45| when a man ~expresses his consent by words of the future tense, 382 Suppl, 45| marry, it follows that a ~consent expressed in this manner 383 Suppl, 45| Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: When consent is expressed in words of 384 Suppl, 45| words actually present, but consent is directed to the ~present, 385 Suppl, 45| point of time; but when consent is ~given in words of the 386 Suppl, 45| are actually ~present, the consent is directed to a future 387 Suppl, 45| in the absence of inward consent, a marriage is made by consent ~ 388 Suppl, 45| consent, a marriage is made by consent ~given in words of the present?~ 389 Suppl, 45| in the absence of inward consent a ~marriage is made by consent 390 Suppl, 45| consent a ~marriage is made by consent expressed in words of the 391 Suppl, 45| spir.). Now he who gives consent in ~words without consenting 392 Suppl, 45| OBJ 2: Further, the mental consent of one person cannot be 393 Suppl, 45| is not enough, and inward consent is required in ~both parties, 394 Suppl, 45| he was wanting in mental consent, notwithstanding that afterwards 395 Suppl, 45| by words expressive of ~consent in the present. But this 396 Suppl, 45| not be the case if mental consent ~were requisite for marriage. 397 Suppl, 45| marriage bond in the absence of consent."~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[45] A[ 398 Suppl, 45| of words without ~inward consent makes no marriage.~Aquin.: 399 Suppl, 45| here, namely the lack of ~consent - which benefits him in 400 Suppl, 45| 1~Reply OBJ 2: If mental consent is lacking in one of the 401 Suppl, 45| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether consent given secretly in words 402 Suppl, 45| OBJ 1: It would seem that consent given secretly in words 403 Suppl, 45| power of another without the consent of the person ~in whose 404 Suppl, 45| power without her ~father's consent. Wherefore if consent be 405 Suppl, 45| s consent. Wherefore if consent be given secretly, even 406 Suppl, 45| sufficient ~cause of matrimony is consent expressed in words of the 407 Suppl, 45| the present ~expressive of consent. Therefore there is a true 408 Suppl, 45| sin to omit them; so, too, consent expressed ~in words of the 409 Suppl, 45| power without her father's consent, even as a son or daughter, ~ 410 Suppl, 45| religion without their parent's consent.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[45] A[ 411 Suppl, 46| Out. Para. 1/1 - OF THE CONSENT TO WHICH AN OATH OR CARNAL 412 Suppl, 46| We must now consider the consent to which an oath or carnal 413 Suppl, 46| Whether an oath added to the consent that is expressed in words 414 Suppl, 46| intercourse supervening to such a consent makes a ~marriage?~Aquin.: 415 Suppl, 46| Whether an oath added to the consent that is expressed in words 416 Suppl, 46| if an oath be added to a consent that is ~expressed in words 417 Suppl, 46| future and ~confirming that consent with an oath, a man binds 418 Suppl, 46| Therefore an oath affixed to ~a consent expressed in words of the 419 Suppl, 46| then words expressive of ~consent in the present in which 420 Suppl, 46| affirmation. Therefore if a man consent to marry a woman by a simple ~ 421 Suppl, 46| signify anything else than ~consent to something future. Therefore 422 Suppl, 46| is complete, no further consent is required ~for the marriage. 423 Suppl, 46| oath there is yet another consent which ~makes the marriage, 424 Suppl, 46| Consequently the subsequent consent by words of the present, 425 Suppl, 46| carnal intercourse after consent expressed in words of the 426 Suppl, 46| carnal intercourse after consent expressed in ~words of the 427 Suppl, 46| future makes a marriage. For consent by deed is greater than ~ 428 Suppl, 46| by deed is greater than ~consent by word. But he who has 429 Suppl, 46| marriage than if he were to consent to mere words ~referring 430 Suppl, 46| explicit but also interpretive consent makes a ~marriage. Now there 431 Suppl, 46| better interpretation of consent than ~carnal intercourse. 432 Suppl, 46| carnal intercourse after consent referring ~to the future 433 Suppl, 46| despons.), "Without the consent to marriage, ~other things, 434 Suppl, 46| of the future, if inward consent is lacking, since ~words, 435 Suppl, 46| in the absence of mental consent, as stated above (Q[45], 436 Suppl, 46| expressly significant of consent than carnal ~intercourse, 437 Suppl, 46| not merely for this reason consent ~to marriage except according 438 Suppl, 47| COMPULSORY AND CONDITIONAL CONSENT (SIX ARTICLES)~We must now 439 Suppl, 47| compulsory and conditional consent. Under this head ~there 440 Suppl, 47| 1) Whether compulsory consent is possible?~(2) Whether 441 Suppl, 47| 3) Whether compulsory consent invalidates marriage?~(4) 442 Suppl, 47| 4) Whether compulsory consent makes a marriage as regards 443 Suppl, 47| 5) Whether conditional consent makes a marriage?~(6) Whether 444 Suppl, 47| 1/1~Whether a compulsory consent is possible?~Aquin.: SMT 445 Suppl, 47| 1: It would seem that no consent can be compulsory. For, 446 Suppl, 47| cannot be ~compelled. Now consent is an act of the free-will. 447 Suppl, 47| But the principle ~of consent is always within. Therefore 448 Suppl, 47| always within. Therefore no consent can be compulsory.~Aquin.: 449 Suppl, 47| every sin is perfected by consent. But that which ~perfects 450 Suppl, 47| repulsed," it would seem that consent ~cannot be compulsory or 451 Suppl, 47| consequently neither can consent which is an act thereof.~ 452 Suppl, 47| impediment. But ~compulsory consent is an impediment to matrimony, 453 Suppl, 47| Sent. iv, D, 29). Therefore consent can be compelled.~Aquin.: 454 Suppl, 47| also it is possible for the consent to be compulsory.~Aquin.: 455 Suppl, 47| compulsion is consistent with consent, ~but not the former. And 456 Suppl, 47| a question of ~internal consent which cannot be influenced 457 Suppl, 47| 1/1~Whether compulsory consent invalidates a marriage?~ 458 Suppl, 47| would seem that compulsory consent does not invalidate a ~marriage. 459 Suppl, 47| a ~marriage. For just as consent is necessary for matrimony, 460 Suppl, 47| is compelled by fear ~to consent is bound by his marriage.~ 461 Suppl, 47| voluntary than involuntary. ~Now consent cannot be compelled except 462 Suppl, 47| be the case if compulsory consent invalidated a marriage altogether. ~ 463 Suppl, 47| Since there is no room for consent where fear or compulsion ~ 464 Suppl, 47| follows that where a person's consent is required, every ~pretext 465 Suppl, 47| the ~result of compulsory consent.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[47] A[ 466 Suppl, 47| some say that if there be consent although compulsory, the ~ 467 Suppl, 47| that there was no inward consent on account ~of the fear. 468 Suppl, 47| consented whereas he did not consent. Wherefore the Church presumes ~ 469 Suppl, 47| Church presumes ~that he did consent, but judges this compulsory 470 Suppl, 47| but judges this compulsory consent to be ~insufficient for 471 Suppl, 47| the agent; ~whereas the consent is the efficient cause in 472 Suppl, 47| 1/1~Whether compulsory consent makes a marriage as regards 473 Suppl, 47| would seem that compulsory consent makes a marriage, at least ~ 474 Suppl, 47| before is not bound by her ~consent. Therefore he was married 475 Suppl, 47| to her by virtue of the consent he gave ~before.~Aquin.: 476 Suppl, 47| does not result from the consent of her who was ~compelled 477 Suppl, 47| the other party's previous consent ~remains in force; wherefore 478 Suppl, 47| he were to withdraw his consent there ~would be no marriage.~ 479 Suppl, 47| 1/1~Whether conditional consent makes a marriage?~Aquin.: 480 Suppl, 47| that not even a conditional consent makes a ~marriage, because 481 Suppl, 47| the words expressive of consent must be ~uttered simply. 482 Suppl, 47| Therefore a conditional consent makes no marriage.~Aquin.: 483 Suppl, 47| doubtful. Therefore a like consent ~makes no marriage.~Aquin.: 484 Suppl, 47| be made by a ~conditional consent.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[47] A[ 485 Suppl, 47| a ~sum of money, or the consent of the parents, and then 486 Suppl, 47| then the judgment about ~a consent of this kind is the same 487 Suppl, 47| kind is the same as about a consent expressed in words ~of the 488 Suppl, 47| without their children's consent. But this is against the ~ 489 Suppl, 47| accept a ~bishopric, because consent should be free. But if this 490 Suppl, 48| 1 - OF THE OBJECT OF THE CONSENT (TWO ARTICLES)~We must now 491 Suppl, 48| consider the object of the consent. Under this head there ~ 492 Suppl, 48| inquiry:~(1) Whether the consent that makes a marriage is 493 Suppl, 48| that makes a marriage is a consent to carnal ~intercourse?~( 494 Suppl, 48| intercourse?~(2) Whether consent to marry a person for an 495 Suppl, 48| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the consent that makes a marriage is 496 Suppl, 48| that makes a marriage is a consent to carnal ~intercourse?~ 497 Suppl, 48| It would seem that the consent which makes a marriage is 498 Suppl, 48| which makes a marriage is a ~consent to carnal intercourse. For 499 Suppl, 48| intercourse. Therefore the will's consent in marriage is a consent 500 Suppl, 48| consent in marriage is a consent to ~carnal intercourse.~


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