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page 1
pages 2
paid 146
pain 627
pained 4
painful 36
painfully 1
Frequency    [«  »]
631 disposition
630 hath
628 image
627 pain
623 counsel
623 especially
622 saying
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

pain

1-500 | 501-627

    Part, Question
1 1, 42 | beginning of conception, remove pain ~and all human shortcomings, 2 1, 48 | The division of evil into pain and fault.~(6) Whether pain, 3 1, 48 | pain and fault.~(6) Whether pain, or fault, has more the 4 1, 48 | adequately divided into pain* and fault?~[*Pain here 5 1, 48 | into pain* and fault?~[*Pain here means "penalty": such 6 1, 48 | In this sense we say "Pain of death, Pain of loss, ~ 7 1, 48 | sense we say "Pain of death, Pain of loss, ~Pain of sense." - 8 1, 48 | of death, Pain of loss, ~Pain of sense." - Ed.]~Aquin.: 9 1, 48 | adequately divided into pain and ~fault. For every defect 10 1, 48 | nevertheless is neither a pain nor a fault. Therefore evil 11 1, 48 | inadequately divided into pain and fault.~Aquin.: SMT FP 12 1, 48 | there is neither fault nor pain; ~but, nevertheless, they 13 1, 48 | Therefore not every evil is a pain or a fault.~Aquin.: SMT 14 1, 48 | 2 Cor. 12; not is it a ~pain; because temptation precedes 15 1, 48 | precedes the fault, and the pain follows ~afterwards. Therefore, 16 1, 48 | sufficiently divided into pain and ~fault.~Aquin.: SMT 17 1, 48 | every evil comes under ~pain. ~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] A[ 18 1, 48 | thing, has the nature of a pain; and especially so on ~the 19 1, 48 | of the very nature ~of a pain to be against the will. 20 1, 48 | is to be looked upon as a pain or a fault.~Aquin.: SMT 21 1, 48 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Pain and fault do not divide 22 1, 48 | that ~the very nature of pain includes the idea of injury 23 1, 48 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain has the nature of evil more 24 1, 48 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pain has more of evil than fault. 25 1, 48 | fault. For fault ~is to pain what merit is to reward. 26 1, 48 | as its end. Therefore pain has more evil in it than 27 1, 48 | to the greater ~good. But pain, as was said above (A[5]), 28 1, 48 | the action, it seems that pain is worse than ~fault.~Aquin.: 29 1, 48 | privation of the end is a pain consisting in ~forfeiting 30 1, 48 | order to the end. Therefore pain is a greater evil than fault.~ 31 1, 48 | divine wisdom inflicts pain to prevent fault. Therefore 32 1, 48 | is a ~greater evil than pain.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] A[ 33 1, 48 | nature of evil more than pain has; not only ~more than 34 1, 48 | has; not only ~more than pain of sense, consisting in 35 1, 48 | corporeal goods, ~which kind of pain appeals to most men; but 36 1, 48 | also more than any kind of ~pain, thus taking pain in its 37 1, 48 | kind of ~pain, thus taking pain in its most general meaning, 38 1, 48 | but not by the evil of pain, as Dionysius says ~(Div. 39 1, 48 | act of the will, and the pain consists in the privation 40 1, 48 | more of evil in it than pain has.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] 41 1, 48 | the author of ~the evil of pain, but not of the evil of 42 1, 48 | is because the ~evil of pain takes away the creature' 43 1, 48 | has more ~evil in it than pain has. ~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] 44 1, 48 | Although fault results in pain, as merit in reward, yet ~ 45 1, 48 | intended on account of the pain, as merit is for the reward; ~ 46 1, 48 | rather, on the contrary, pain is brought about so that 47 1, 48 | thus fault is worse than pain.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] A[ 48 1, 48 | the ~good taken away by pain, which is the first perfection.~ 49 1, 48 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Pain and fault are not to be 50 1, 48 | way, both ~by fault and by pain; by pain, accordingly as 51 1, 48 | by fault and by pain; by pain, accordingly as a man is 52 1, 64 | demons are punished with the pain of fire. But there ~is no 53 1, 64 | have maintained that the pain of sense for demons and ~ 54 1, 42 | beginning of conception, remove pain ~and all human shortcomings, 55 1, 49 | The division of evil into pain and fault.~(6) Whether pain, 56 1, 49 | pain and fault.~(6) Whether pain, or fault, has more the 57 1, 49 | adequately divided into pain* and fault?~[*Pain here 58 1, 49 | into pain* and fault?~[*Pain here means "penalty": such 59 1, 49 | In this sense we say "Pain of death, Pain of loss, ~ 60 1, 49 | sense we say "Pain of death, Pain of loss, ~Pain of sense." - 61 1, 49 | of death, Pain of loss, ~Pain of sense." - Ed.]~Aquin.: 62 1, 49 | adequately divided into pain and ~fault. For every defect 63 1, 49 | nevertheless is neither a pain nor a fault. Therefore evil 64 1, 49 | inadequately divided into pain and fault.~Aquin.: SMT FP 65 1, 49 | there is neither fault nor pain; ~but, nevertheless, they 66 1, 49 | Therefore not every evil is a pain or a fault.~Aquin.: SMT 67 1, 49 | 2 Cor. 12; not is it a ~pain; because temptation precedes 68 1, 49 | precedes the fault, and the pain follows ~afterwards. Therefore, 69 1, 49 | sufficiently divided into pain and ~fault.~Aquin.: SMT 70 1, 49 | every evil comes under ~pain. ~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] A[ 71 1, 49 | thing, has the nature of a pain; and especially so on ~the 72 1, 49 | of the very nature ~of a pain to be against the will. 73 1, 49 | is to be looked upon as a pain or a fault.~Aquin.: SMT 74 1, 49 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Pain and fault do not divide 75 1, 49 | that ~the very nature of pain includes the idea of injury 76 1, 49 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain has the nature of evil more 77 1, 49 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pain has more of evil than fault. 78 1, 49 | fault. For fault ~is to pain what merit is to reward. 79 1, 49 | as its end. Therefore pain has more evil in it than 80 1, 49 | to the greater ~good. But pain, as was said above (A[5]), 81 1, 49 | the action, it seems that pain is worse than ~fault.~Aquin.: 82 1, 49 | privation of the end is a pain consisting in ~forfeiting 83 1, 49 | order to the end. Therefore pain is a greater evil than fault.~ 84 1, 49 | divine wisdom inflicts pain to prevent fault. Therefore 85 1, 49 | is a ~greater evil than pain.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] A[ 86 1, 49 | nature of evil more than pain has; not only ~more than 87 1, 49 | has; not only ~more than pain of sense, consisting in 88 1, 49 | corporeal goods, ~which kind of pain appeals to most men; but 89 1, 49 | also more than any kind of ~pain, thus taking pain in its 90 1, 49 | kind of ~pain, thus taking pain in its most general meaning, 91 1, 49 | but not by the evil of pain, as Dionysius says ~(Div. 92 1, 49 | act of the will, and the pain consists in the privation 93 1, 49 | more of evil in it than pain has.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] 94 1, 49 | the author of ~the evil of pain, but not of the evil of 95 1, 49 | is because the ~evil of pain takes away the creature' 96 1, 49 | has more ~evil in it than pain has. ~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] 97 1, 49 | Although fault results in pain, as merit in reward, yet ~ 98 1, 49 | intended on account of the pain, as merit is for the reward; ~ 99 1, 49 | rather, on the contrary, pain is brought about so that 100 1, 49 | thus fault is worse than pain.~Aquin.: SMT FP Q[48] A[ 101 1, 49 | the ~good taken away by pain, which is the first perfection.~ 102 1, 49 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Pain and fault are not to be 103 1, 49 | way, both ~by fault and by pain; by pain, accordingly as 104 1, 49 | by fault and by pain; by pain, accordingly as a man is 105 1, 65 | demons are punished with the pain of fire. But there ~is no 106 1, 65 | have maintained that the pain of sense for demons and ~ 107 1, 91 | removed from man without pain. But there ~was no pain 108 1, 91 | pain. But there ~was no pain before sin. Therefore it 109 1, 95 | implies of necessity ~a pain inflicted on the subject; 110 1, 97 | relieved, not by groans of pain, but by ~the instigations 111 2, 23 | which causes pleasure or pain. But, since the soul must, 112 2, 25 | instead of the previous pain." Therefore the ~concupiscible 113 2, 29 | one who does not flee from pain, more ~than he desires pleasure." 114 2, 29 | pleasure." But flight from pain pertains to hatred; while ~ 115 2, 29 | corresponds ~flight from pain. Wherefore we flee from 116 2, 29 | Wherefore we flee from pain more than we love pleasure.~ 117 2, 29 | to some unhappiness ~or pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[29] A[ 118 2, 32 | which caused him sorrow and pain, so much reason has ~he 119 2, 32 | past pains without feeling pain . . . ~and in proportion 120 2, 35 | 35] Out. Para. 1/2 - OF PAIN OR SORROW, IN ITSELF (EIGHT 121 2, 35 | We have now to consider pain and sorrow: concerning which 122 2, 35 | consider: (1) Sorrow or pain in itself; (2) Its cause; ( 123 2, 35 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether pain is a passion of the soul?~( 124 2, 35 | Whether sorrow is the same as pain?~(3) Whether sorrow or pain 125 2, 35 | pain?~(3) Whether sorrow or pain is contrary in pleasure?~( 126 2, 35 | sought?~(7) Whether exterior pain is greater than interior?~( 127 2, 35 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain is a passion of the soul?~ 128 2, 35 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pain is not a passion of the 129 2, 35 | soul is in the body. But pain can be in the body, since ~ 130 2, 35 | Relig. xii), that "bodily pain is a sudden ~corruption 131 2, 35 | to corruption." Therefore pain is not a passion ~of the 132 2, 35 | appetitive ~faculty. But pain does not belong to the appetitive, 133 2, 35 | Nat. Boni xx) that "bodily pain ~is caused by the sense 134 2, 35 | powerful body." Therefore pain is ~not a passion of the 135 2, 35 | the animal ~appetite. But pain does not belong to the animal 136 2, 35 | nature, we should feel no pain in being ~punished by the 137 2, 35 | loss of good." Therefore pain is not a passion of the ~ 138 2, 35 | Civ. Dei xiv, 8) reckons pain among the ~passions of the 139 2, 35 | things are requisite for pain: namely, conjunction with 140 2, 35 | cannot ~cause pleasure or pain. Whence it is evident that 141 2, 35 | object of the pleasure or pain. But good ~and evil, as 142 2, 35 | clear ~that pleasure and pain belong to the appetite.~ 143 2, 35 | Since then pleasure and pain presuppose some ~sense or 144 2, 35 | subject, it is evident that pain, like ~pleasure, is in the 145 2, 35 | some ~defect. Consequently pain, according as it is in the 146 2, 35 | Quoting Cicero]) reckons pain especially as being a kind 147 2, 35 | body, because the cause of pain is in the ~body: as when 148 2, 35 | body. But the movement ~of pain is always in the soul; since " 149 2, 35 | since "the body cannot feel pain unless ~the soul feel it," 150 2, 35 | Reply OBJ 2: We speak of pain of the senses, not as though 151 2, 35 | are required for ~bodily pain, in the same way as for 152 2, 35 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Pain at the loss of good proves 153 2, 35 | the nature, ~not because pain is an act of the natural 154 2, 35 | results the passion of pain in the sensitive appetite.~ 155 2, 35 | Whether sorrow is the same as pain?~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 156 2, 35 | seem that sorrow is not pain. For Augustine says (De ~ 157 2, 35 | Civ. Dei xiv, 7) that "pain is used to express bodily 158 2, 35 | Therefore sorrow is not ~pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 159 2, 35 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, pain is only in respect of present 160 2, 35 | is quite different ~from pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 161 2, 35 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, pain seems not to follow save 162 2, 35 | Therefore sorrow is not pain, and extends to more objects.~ 163 2, 35 | sadness'] and continual pain [Douay: 'sorrow'] in my 164 2, 35 | same thing by sorrow and pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 165 2, 35 | answer that, Pleasure and pain can arise from a twofold 166 2, 35 | and in like manner that pain alone which is caused by 167 2, 35 | but not joy; so ~too that pain which is caused by an exterior 168 2, 35 | apprehension, is called pain ~indeed but not sorrow. 169 2, 35 | Accordingly sorrow is a species of pain, as joy is ~a species of 170 2, 35 | use of the word: because ~"pain" is more generally used 171 2, 35 | future: whereas bodily ~pain, which follows apprehension 172 2, 35 | senses, we do not speak of pain in so far as it is ~contrary 173 2, 35 | contrary to ~joy. So then if pain be taken as denoting bodily 174 2, 35 | taken as denoting bodily pain, which is its more ~usual 175 2, 35 | further than does bodily pain. But if ~pain be taken in 176 2, 35 | does bodily pain. But if ~pain be taken in a wide sense, 177 2, 35 | Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow or pain is contrary to pleasure? ~ 178 2, 35 | the other. But to some, ~pain or sorrow gives pleasure: 179 2, 35 | pleases us." Therefore ~pain is not contrary to pleasure.~ 180 2, 35 | hand, "the evil man feels pain at having been ~pleased." 181 2, 35 | Therefore pleasure and pain are not contrary to one 182 2, 35 | of pleasure and sorrow or pain, viz. present good and present ~ 183 2, 35 | another, it follows that pain and pleasure are ~contrary 184 2, 35 | drink, as a remedy for ~the pain he suffers. In another way, 185 2, 35 | not shrink from undergoing pain, so as ~to obtain that pleasure. 186 2, 35 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Pain itself can be pleasurable 187 2, 35 | whose absence gives us pain. Consequently, since love 188 2, 35 | love is pleasant, ~both pain and whatever else results 189 2, 35 | of an ~organ, sorrow or pain is mingled with apprehension, 190 2, 35 | therefore some affliction or pain is indirectly ~mingled with 191 2, 35 | neither of these ways, is the pain thus accidentally ~mingled 192 2, 35 | pleasure thereof. Because ~pain caused by a hindrance to 193 2, 35 | said above (A[4]): while pain or ~sorrow caused by bodily 194 2, 35 | good; while the cause of pain or sorrow is an unsuitable 195 2, 35 | of the cause of sorrow or pain, ~which cause is repugnant 196 2, 35 | the like, from fear of the pain occasioned by blows or other 197 2, 35 | greatest pleasures by fear of pain," which pain is ~contrary 198 2, 35 | by fear of pain," which pain is ~contrary to life which 199 2, 35 | requisite for pleasure and ~pain, pain is shunned more than 200 2, 35 | for pleasure and ~pain, pain is shunned more than pleasure 201 2, 35 | by any kind of sorrow or pain whatever, but ~because he 202 2, 35 | Para. 1/1~Whether outward pain is greater than interior 203 2, 35 | would seem that outward pain is greater than interior 204 2, 35 | the heart. Because outward pain arises from a cause repugnant 205 2, 35 | said above (A[6]), outward pain is greater than interior 206 2, 35 | likeness does. But ~outward pain arises from the real conjunction 207 2, 35 | contrary. ~Therefore outward pain is greater than inward sorrow.~ 208 2, 35 | its effect. But outward pain has ~more striking effects: 209 2, 35 | man dies sooner of outward pain than of ~interior sorrow. 210 2, 35 | sorrow. Therefore outward pain is greater and is shunned 211 2, 35 | that, Interior and exterior pain agree in one point and differ ~ 212 2, 35 | which are requisite for pain and pleasure; namely, in 213 2, 35 | For the cause of outward pain is a conjoined evil ~repugnant 214 2, 35 | while the cause of inward pain is a conjoined evil ~repugnant 215 2, 35 | appetite. Again, outward pain arises from an ~apprehension 216 2, 35 | chiefly of touch; while inward pain arises from an ~interior 217 2, 35 | compare the cause of inward pain to the cause of outward ~ 218 2, 35 | to the cause of outward ~pain, the former belongs, of 219 2, 35 | directly. Because ~inward pain arises from something being 220 2, 35 | appetite itself, ~while outward pain arises from something being 221 2, 35 | this ~point of view, inward pain surpasses outward pain. 222 2, 35 | inward pain surpasses outward pain. In like manner also on ~ 223 2, 35 | touch. Consequently inward pain is, simply and of itself, 224 2, 35 | more keen than ~outward pain: a sign whereof is that 225 2, 35 | willingly undergoes outward pain ~in order to avoid inward 226 2, 35 | in order to avoid inward pain: and in so far as outward 227 2, 35 | and in so far as outward pain is not ~repugnant to the 228 2, 35 | Sometimes, however, outward pain is ~accompanied by inward 229 2, 35 | is ~accompanied by inward pain, and then the pain is increased. 230 2, 35 | inward pain, and then the pain is increased. Because ~inward 231 2, 35 | increased. Because ~inward pain is not only greater than 232 2, 35 | only greater than outward pain, it is also more ~universal: 233 2, 35 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: Inward pain can also arise from things 234 2, 35 | comparison of inward to outward pain must not be ~taken in reference 235 2, 35 | various evils that cause pain; but in regard to ~the various 236 2, 35 | ways in which this cause of pain is compared to the appetite.~ 237 2, 35 | 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Inward pain is not caused by the apprehended 238 2, 35 | abstract. Consequently inward pain is, of ~itself, greater, 239 2, 35 | to be caused by outward ~pain, both from the fact that 240 2, 35 | from the fact that outward pain is caused by a corruptive ~ 241 2, 35 | outward than from inward ~pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[35] A[ 242 2, 36 | THE CAUSES OF SORROW OR PAIN (FOUR ARTICLES)~We must 243 2, 36 | love is good. Therefore pain or sorrow is felt for the 244 2, 36 | properly the cause of sorrow or pain, than the good which is ~ 245 2, 36 | sense Augustine ~says that pain results from the loss of 246 2, 36 | Pleasure and its contrary pain have the same object, but ~ 247 2, 36 | desire is not a cause of pain or sorrow. ~Because sorrow 248 2, 36 | desire is not a cause of pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 249 2, 36 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, pain, according to Damascene ( 250 2, 36 | desire is not a cause of pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[36] A[ 251 2, 36 | itself is not a cause of pain. ~But desire is pleasant 252 2, 36 | desire is not a cause of pain or sorrow.~Aquin.: SMT FS 253 2, 36 | their ~way in: error and pain stole an entrance in their 254 2, 36 | A[1]) that the ~cause of pain or sorrow is a present evil. 255 2, 36 | iii, 23), that "from the ~pain that dumb animals feel, 256 2, 36 | bodies. For what else is pain but a ~feeling of impatience 257 2, 36 | any kind of unity cause pain or sorrow, as some have ~ 258 2, 36 | a stronger power: while pain in the body ~is caused by 259 2, 36 | is cause of ~sorrow or pain, by way of object. Therefore 260 2, 36 | should be reckoned as causing pain or sorrow. Now ~it is evident 261 2, 36 | respective inclinations, pain ~or sorrow will not result 262 2, 37 | 1/1 - OF THE EFFECTS OF PAIN OR SORROW (FOUR ARTICLES)~ 263 2, 37 | consider the effects of pain or of sorrow: under which 264 2, 37 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether pain deprives one of the power 265 2, 37 | the effect of sorrow or pain is to burden the soul?~( 266 2, 37 | soul?~(3) Whether sorrow or pain weakens all activity?~(4) 267 2, 37 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain deprives one of the power 268 2, 37 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pain does not deprive one of 269 2, 37 | men's ~hearts. Therefore pain or sorrow, far from destroying, 270 2, 37 | i.e. ~from pleasures. But pain and sorrow are most destructive 271 2, 37 | great delights." Therefore pain, instead of taking away, 272 2, 37 | sorrow surpasses outward pain, as stated above ~(Q[35], 273 2, 37 | he learn while in bodily pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 274 2, 37 | is evident that sensible pain above all draws the soul' 275 2, 37 | Lord']. Consequently if the pain be acute, man is prevented 276 2, 37 | turning entirely to the pain.~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[37] A[ 277 2, 37 | OBJ 2: Both pleasure and pain, in so far as they draw 278 2, 37 | anything." ~Nevertheless pain attracts the soul's intention 279 2, 37 | freezes harder. If ~therefore pain or sorrow be moderate, it 280 2, 37 | 1~Reply OBJ 3: External pain arises from hurt done to 281 2, 37 | to the formal element of pain, which belongs ~to the soul. 282 2, 37 | soul. Consequently bodily pain is a greater hindrance to ~ 283 2, 37 | the effect of sorrow or pain is to burden the soul?~Aquin.: 284 2, 37 | Para. 1/1~Whether sorrow or pain weakens all activity?~Aquin.: 285 2, 37 | do something that gives ~pain, the action must of necessity 286 2, 38 | THE REMEDIES OF SORROW OR PAIN (FIVE ARTICLES)~We must 287 2, 38 | consider the remedies of pain or sorrow: under which head ~ 288 2, 38 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether pain or sorrow is assuaged by 289 2, 38 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain or sorrow is assuaged by 290 2, 38 | pleasure assuages every pain or ~sorrow. For pleasure 291 2, 38 | the wicked man ~feels pain at having been pleased." 292 2, 38 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain or sorrow is assuaged by 293 2, 38 | man who is in sorrow ~or pain; and consequently they become 294 2, 38 | pleasure assuages sorrow or pain somewhat, it ~follows that 295 2, 38 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain or sorrow are assuaged by 296 2, 38 | sympathizes. Consequently the pain of a ~sympathizing friend 297 2, 38 | of ~sorrow: so that, his pain being doubled his sorrow 298 2, 38 | that those who are ~in pain are consoled when their 299 2, 38 | answer that, When one is in pain, it is natural that the 300 2, 38 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain and sorrow are assuaged 301 2, 38 | does not assuage bodily pain, which is in the senses.~ 302 2, 38 | I should not ~feel that pain, or at least that pain would 303 2, 38 | that pain, or at least that pain would seem nothing to me."~ 304 2, 38 | every pleasure ~assuages pain as stated above (A[1]): 305 2, 38 | contemplation of truth ~assuages pain or sorrow, and the more 306 2, 38 | as to mitigate ~even that pain which is in the senses.~ 307 2, 38 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether pain and sorrow are assuaged 308 2, 38 | OBJ 3: Further, sorrow and pain, in so far as they affect 309 2, 39 | AND MALICE OF SORROW OR PAIN (FOUR ARTICLES)~We must 310 2, 39 | the goodness and malice of pain or sorrow: under ~which 311 2, 39 | good?~(4) Whether bodily pain is the greatest evil?~Aquin.: 312 2, 39 | object and cause of bodily ~pain, so spiritual evil is the 313 2, 39 | soul. ~But every bodily pain is a bodily evil. Therefore 314 2, 39 | if a man is in ~sorrow or pain on account of this present 315 2, 39 | not to be ~in sorrow or pain, this could only be either 316 2, 39 | to be present, sorrow or pain should ensue. Wherefore ~ 317 2, 39 | same also applies to bodily pain: because the ~perception 318 2, 39 | things, as regards ~bodily pain, are a proof of the goodness 319 2, 39 | harmful thing that ~causes pain. As regards interior sorrow, 320 2, 39 | Para. 1/1~Whether bodily pain is the greatest evil?~Aquin.: 321 2, 39 | OBJ 1: It would seem that pain is the greatest evil. Because " 322 2, 39 | bliss. Therefore a certain pain is ~the greatest evil.~Aquin.: 323 2, 39 | fulfilment of his ~will. Now pain consists in something happening 324 2, 39 | Dei xiv, 6,15). Therefore pain is man's ~greatest evil.~ 325 2, 39 | worst thing in the ~body is pain. Therefore man's greatest 326 2, 39 | greatest evil is to suffer pain."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[39] A[ 327 2, 39 | 48], A[6]. But sorrow or pain belongs to the punishment 328 2, 39 | Vera Relig. xii): "What is pain of the soul, except ~for 329 2, 39 | sin." Therefore sorrow or pain is not man's greatest evil. ~ 330 2, 39 | impossible for any sorrow or pain to be man's ~greatest evil. 331 2, 39 | evil. For all sorrow or pain is either for something 332 2, 39 | but good in ~reality. Now pain or sorrow for that which 333 2, 39 | reject it. Again, sorrow or ~pain, for that which is apparently 334 2, 39 | impossible for any sorrow or pain to be ~man's greatest evil.~ 335 2, 39 | Thus it is clear that in pain or ~sorrow there is a good, 336 2, 39 | for this reason, sorrow or pain cannot be the greatest evil; 337 2, 42 | individual nature ~arise pain and sorrow for such like 338 2, 42 | those things which give us pain when they are ~present." 339 2, 42 | all things that give us pain when they are ~present, 340 2, 44 | seen ~in those who are in pain. But those who fear utter 341 2, 44 | To everyone that is in pain, whether man or animal, 342 2, 44 | harmful thing that ~causes pain but its presence: thus we 343 2, 44 | observe that animals, when in pain, ~attack with their jaws 344 2, 44 | wherefore when they are ~in pain, their nature stores up 345 2, 44 | reason those who are in pain can scarcely refrain from ~ 346 2, 46 | save on account of some pain inflicted, ~and unless there 347 2, 46 | hurting, may feel it and be in pain, and know that this has 348 2, 46 | is worse through giving pain: because ~"injustice and 349 2, 46 | both because they feel no pain, which is, above all, what ~ 350 2, 47 | hesitate by his remarks to give pain to another, this seems to 351 2, 48 | acts from anger, acts with pain." Therefore ~anger does 352 2, 48 | substitutes pleasure for pain": whence ~we may gather 353 2, 50 | beasts, deterred by fear of pain, from that wherein they ~ 354 2, 73 | hell, would suffer greater pain in hell for a sin of murder 355 2, 87 | which is such as to cause pain, whether it be an ~interior 356 2, 87 | corresponding punishment is the "pain of loss," which also ~is 357 2, 87 | corresponding ~punishment is the "pain of sense," which is also 358 2, 88 | also evident as regards the pain of loss, because mortal ~ 359 2, 88 | also evident as regards the pain of sense, as to the ~remorse 360 2, 88 | conscience; although as to the pain of fire, the punishments ~ 361 2, 89 | limbo, where there is no pain of sense as we shall state 362 2, 92 | by whose authority the pain ~is inflicted. Wherefore 363 2, 102 | circumcision on account of the pain: and also lest the ~parents, 364 2, 102 | the body without giving pain, and is a blemish on the 365 2, 102 | animals ~are sensible to pain, it is possible for the 366 2, 1 | what is forbidden under pain ~of anathema by the universal 367 2, 1 | Now it was forbidden under pain of ~anathema by the universal 368 2, 1 | Holy Ghost," and this under pain of ~anathema. [*St. Thomas 369 2, 11 | are not delivered from the pain ~of death.~Aquin.: SMT SS 370 2, 30 | some time or other under pain of mortal sin, because positive 371 2, 31 | one may suffer grievous pain or ~death; provided, however, 372 2, 34 | man ~that "self-inflicted pain wounds the pining spirit, 373 2, 56 | virtue is about pleasure and ~pain." Now pleasure or delight, 374 2, 56 | pleasure or delight, and pain are passions, as stated 375 2, 56 | virtue is about pleasure and pain as its ~proper matter, since 376 2, 56 | directed to pleasure and pain, as to ends to be acquired, 377 2, 56 | vii, 11), "pleasure and pain are the ~principal end in 378 2, 63 | merely affects the sense with pain, wherefore it causes much 379 2, 63 | anything causing a sense of pain is opposed. Thirdly, the ~ 380 2, 64 | the present judgment the pain of death is not ~inflicted 381 2, 64 | stealing a man, for which the pain of death is ~inflicted ( 382 2, 70 | with intent to dishonor or pain the person who is the object 383 2, 70 | not shrink from inflicting pain on the object of his witty ~ 384 2, 70 | word to give but little pain.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[72] A[ 385 2, 77 | 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, the pain of loss which consists in 386 2, 77 | greater ~punishment than the pain of sense, which is inflicted 387 2, 77 | there correspond both the pain ~of loss on account of the 388 2, 77 | aversion from God, and the pain of sense, on ~account of 389 2, 77 | omission deserves not only the pain of loss, but also the pain 390 2, 77 | pain of loss, but also the pain of sense, ~according to 391 2, 80 | that gives joy mixed with pain. Thus men are wont to shed 392 2, 85 | must be paid at once under pain of sin. Accordingly if during ~ 393 2, 93 | the practice thereof under pain of anathema."~Aquin.: SMT 394 2, 112 | pleasures, but fears to give pain." Therefore this kind of 395 2, 121 | avoided, such ~as blame, pain, or loss.~Aquin.: SMT SS 396 2, 121 | body, with fear of toil and pain, ~lest the body be stricken 397 2, 121 | good of virtue banishes the pain of the body; and consequently 398 2, 121 | his life, ~and for bodily pain. Hence we read (2 Macc. 399 2, 121 | Para. 2/3~Now the sensible pain of the body makes one insensible 400 2, 121 | entirely ~overcome by bodily pain. And the delight of virtue 401 2, 121 | another power: wherefore the pain in his senses hinders the ~ 402 2, 121 | virtue. Yet since bodily pain is more sensible, and the ~ 403 2, 121 | presence of great bodily pain.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[123] A[ 404 2, 121 | danger through sorrow or pain, and adulterous persons ~ 405 2, 121 | displeasing evil. But bodily pain impels him ~more strongly 406 2, 121 | none that does not shun pain more than he desires pleasure. 407 2, 121 | pleasures by the fear of pain." And among the pains of 408 2, 122 | perfection of this act;~(4) The pain of martyrdom;~(5) Its cause.~ 409 2, 122 | martyrdom that one suffer the pain of death.~Aquin.: SMT SS 410 2, 122 | and even to suffer bodily pain, rather than lose life. 411 2, 123 | insane or insensible to pain, if nothing, not even ~earthquakes 412 2, 123 | fear of death, fear of pain, and fear of contempt." 413 2, 123 | mortal sin alone is the pain of hell due: and yet ~this 414 2, 134 | through much trouble ~and pain in order to regain health 415 2, 134 | helps a man to bear toil and pain: and no one willingly undertakes ~ 416 2, 134 | this is because sorrow and pain are of themselves ~displeasing 417 2, 134 | failing through ~sorrow or pain occasioned by things present; 418 2, 136 | and shuns the ~contrary pain, he is like the incontinent 419 2, 145 | those who fast may feel some pain in ~satisfaction for their 420 2, 155 | in one who fears not to pain others.~Aquin.: SMT SS Q[ 421 2, 162 | this way it involves not pain of sense ~but pain of loss. 422 2, 162 | involves not pain of sense ~but pain of loss. Secondly, it may 423 2, 162 | this way also death has no pain of sense. ~In another way 424 2, 162 | seemingly there would have been "pain in child-bearing," even ~ 425 2, 162 | offspring cannot be born without pain to the bearer. Likewise 426 2, 162 | conceptions"; secondly, in the pain which she suffers in giving 427 2, 162 | relieved not by groans of pain, but by ~the instigations 428 2, 162 | bring forth her child with pain: ~except the Blessed Virgin, 429 2, 162 | corruption, and bore ~without pain" [*St. Bernard, Serm. in 430 2, 166 | This regards ~pleasure or pain which may arise from words 431 2, 183 | used ~by the priest, under pain of suspension, for the ecclesiastical 432 2, 183 | impose an obligation under pain of mortal sin, as is the 433 2, 184 | things binds only under pain of venial ~sin, because, 434 2, 184 | or statute ~binding under pain of a fixed punishment. Accordingly, 435 3, 1 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, pain of sense is not due to original 436 3, 1 | original sin, but merely ~pain of loss, as has been shown ( 437 3, 1 | Christ came to ~suffer the pain of sense on the Cross in 438 3, 1 | for sins - and not ~the pain of loss, for He had no defect 439 3, 1 | In the future award the pain of sense will not be meted 440 3, 1 | wished to ~suffer sensible pain, that He might consume death 441 3, 15 | in Him there was sensible pain?~(6) Whether there was sorrow?~( 442 3, 15 | Whether there was sensible pain in Christ?~Aquin.: SMT TP 443 3, 15 | there was no true sensible pain in Christ. For ~Hilary says ( 444 3, 15 | Christ to die was life, what pain ~may He be supposed to have 445 3, 15 | passion, but brought no pain; as a dart piercing the 446 3, 15 | Hence there was no true pain in Christ.~Aquin.: SMT TP 447 3, 15 | subject to the necessity of pain. But the flesh of ~Christ 448 3, 15 | no necessity of suffering pain.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[15] A[ 449 3, 15 | things dulls ~the sense of pain; hence the martyrs in their 450 3, 15 | Therefore He could feel no pain.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[15] A[ 451 3, 15 | A[7], for true bodily pain are required bodily hurt 452 3, 15 | in Christ there was true ~pain.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[15] A[ 453 3, 15 | exclude the reality of the pain, but the necessity of it. 454 3, 15 | conceived in sin is subject to pain, not merely on ~account 455 3, 15 | sensitive powers, lest ~sensible pain should thereby be prevented.~ 456 3, 15 | thereby shut out sensible pain. Now even ~as sensible pain 457 3, 15 | pain. Now even ~as sensible pain is in the sensitive appetite, 458 3, 15 | the object and motive of ~pain is hurt perceived by the 459 3, 15 | as there could be ~true pain in Christ, so too could 460 3, 15 | not impede the sorrow or pain of the inferior part, so, ~ 461 3, 18 | that Christ should undergo pain, suffering, and ~death, 462 3, 35 | birth should have been with pain.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[35] A[ 463 3, 35 | Christ ~ended His life in pain, according to Is. 53:4: " 464 3, 35 | of the mother's suffering pain. ~Therefore it seems that 465 3, 35 | Blessed Virgin suffered pain in giving birth ~to her 466 3, 35 | birth thou wast without pain."~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[35] A[ 467 3, 35 | Consequently ~there was no pain in that birth, as neither 468 3, 35 | bring Him forth without pain, without violation of her 469 3, 46 | sufferings;~(6) Whether the pain which He endured was the 470 3, 46 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether the pain of Christ's Passion was 471 3, 46 | It would seem that the pain of Christ's Passion was 472 3, 46 | pains. For the sufferer's pain is increased by the ~sharpness 473 3, 46 | Therefore it seems that the pain of the ~suffering Christ 474 3, 46 | strength of soul mitigates pain, so much so that the ~Stoics 475 3, 46 | seems that the ~greatest pain did not exist in Christ.~ 476 3, 46 | the more acute will ~the pain be. But the soul is more 477 3, 46 | Consequently, it seems that the pain of a ~sufferer in purgatory, 478 3, 46 | in hell, or even Adam's pain, if he suffered at ~all, 479 3, 46 | good lost, the greater the pain. But by ~sinning the sinner 480 3, 46 | it seems that Christ's pain was not the greatest of 481 3, 46 | Therefore it seems that the ~pain of Christ's Passion was 482 3, 46 | conduct. But ~the slightest pain would have sufficed to secure 483 3, 46 | there was true and sensible pain in the ~suffering Christ, 484 3, 46 | also, ~there was internal pain, which is caused from the 485 3, 46 | from the sources of His pain. For the cause of the ~sensitive 486 3, 46 | cause of the ~sensitive pain was the wounding of His 487 3, 46 | The cause of the interior pain was, first of all, all the 488 3, 46 | the reason for our feeling pain, was most ~acute. His soul 489 3, 46 | from the ~singleness of His pain and sadness. In other sufferers 490 3, 46 | Fourthly, the magnitude of the pain of Christ's suffering can 491 3, 46 | reckoned by this, that the pain and sorrow were accepted 492 3, 46 | embraced the ~amount of pain proportionate to the magnitude 493 3, 46 | it follows that Christ's pain ~was the very greatest.~ 494 3, 46 | the cause of sensitive ~pain; but the torment of the 495 3, 46 | and ~outward sensitive pain in quite another; for it 496 3, 46 | lessen outward ~sensitive pain, because such pain is not 497 3, 46 | sensitive pain, because such pain is not subject to reason, 498 3, 46 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The pain of a suffering, separated 499 3, 46 | when we say that Christ's pain was the greatest, we make 500 3, 46 | comparison between His and the pain of a separated soul. But


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