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Alphabetical    [«  »]
confessed 44
confesses 37
confessing 49
confession 608
confessional 4
confessions 14
confessor 13
Frequency    [«  »]
616 number
612 heart
609 differ
608 confession
607 27
607 quantity
605 original
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

confession

1-500 | 501-608

    Part, Question
1 2, 108 | forbidden in the New Law; thus confession of ~faith is prescribed, 2 2, 1 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, the confession of faith, which is contained 3 2, 1 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: The confession of faith is drawn up in 4 2, 1 | also by merit. Hence the confession of faith is expressed in 5 2, 3 | the outward act, viz. the confession of faith: ~under which head 6 2, 3 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether confession is an act of faith?~(2) 7 2, 3 | act of faith?~(2) Whether confession of faith is necessary for 8 2, 3 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession is an act of faith?~Aquin.: 9 2, 3 | OBJ 1: It would seem that confession is not an act of faith. 10 2, 3 | to different virtues. Now confession belongs to ~penance of which 11 2, 3 | Therefore it seems that confession is not an act of ~faith, 12 2, 3 | faith. Therefore neither is ~confession an act of faith.~Aquin.: 13 2, 3 | power" as referring to "confession which is a work ~proper 14 2, 3 | A[1] Body Para. 2/2~Now confession of those things that are 15 2, 3 | so too is the outward ~confession of them.~Aquin.: SMT SS 16 2, 3 | Reply OBJ 1: A threefold confession is commended by the Scriptures. 17 2, 3 | Scriptures. One ~is the confession of matters of faith, and 18 2, 3 | stated above. Another is the ~confession of thanksgiving or praise, 19 2, 3 | latria." The third is the confession of sins, which is ordained 20 2, 3 | removes an obstacle to the confession of faith, viz. fear ~or 21 2, 3 | proper and direct cause of confession, but an ~indirect cause 22 2, 3 | whereas it produces the act of confession as its proper ~act, without 23 2, 3 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession of faith is necessary for 24 2, 3 | OBJ 1: It would seem that confession of faith is not necessary 25 2, 3 | realized ~without any outward confession. Therefore confession of 26 2, 3 | outward confession. Therefore confession of faith is not ~necessary 27 2, 3 | OBJ 2: Further, by outward confession of faith, a man reveals 28 2, 3 | the Church of ~God." Now confession of faith sometimes causes 29 2, 3 | justice; but with the mouth, confession is made unto ~salvation."~ 30 2, 3 | the Divine law. Now since confession of faith is something ~affirmative, 31 2, 3 | in such cases as ~these, confession of faith is necessary for 32 2, 3 | commendable in making a public confession ~of one's faith, if it causes 33 2, 4 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, confession is an act of faith, as stated 34 2, 4 | above (Q[3], ~A[1]). Now confession of faith is not one and 35 2, 10 | blasphemy, which is opposed to ~confession of faith; thirdly, ignorance 36 2, 11 | words that he ~utters, since confession is an act of faith, as stated 37 2, 12 | to the inward ~faith, for confession is an act of faith. In this 38 2, 12 | which is opposed to the ~confession of faith; and (1) blasphemy 39 2, 12 | blasphemy is opposed to the confession of faith?~(2) Whether blasphemy 40 2, 12 | blasphemy is opposed to the confession of faith?~Aquin.: SMT SS 41 2, 12 | blasphemy is not opposed to the confession of ~faith. Because to blaspheme 42 2, 12 | blasphemy is not opposed to the confession of faith.~Aquin.: SMT SS 43 2, 12 | God or the saints." ~But confession of faith, seemingly, is 44 2, 12 | not ~always opposed to the confession of faith.~Aquin.: SMT SS 45 2, 12 | blasphemy is not opposed to confession ~of faith.~Aquin.: SMT SS 46 2, 12 | blasphemy is opposed to confession of faith.~Aquin.: SMT SS 47 2, 12 | blasphemy is contrary to the ~confession of faith, its prohibition 48 2, 12 | blasphemy is opposed to the ~confession of faith, so that it contains 49 2, 12 | words, even as love and confession add to the ~praise of faith.~ 50 2, 13 | Reply OBJ 1: Just as the confession of faith consists in a protestation ~ 51 2, 15 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, confession is an act of faith, as stated 52 2, 15 | contained precepts about the confession and the ~promulgation of 53 2, 15 | 4 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 4: Confession of faith and the teaching 54 2, 15 | precepts relating to the confession and teaching of faith, rather ~ 55 2, 52 | sacrifices was a kind of public confession of sin, ~whereas hidden 56 2, 60 | bound to reveal it to God in confession; and so he may ~make restitution 57 2, 68 | secretly ~committed to him in confession, because he knows such things, 58 2, 92 | religion is not faith, but a confession of faith by ~outward signs, 59 2, 92 | signs, so superstition is a confession of unbelief by external ~ 60 2, 92 | external ~worship. Such a confession is signified by the term 61 2, 93 | approve of ~extorting a confession from anyone by means of 62 2, 93 | culprit has made spontaneous confession, or when witnesses have ~ 63 2, 120 | though they forbade a false confession of faith, which, like ~error, 64 2, 122 | justice, but with the mouth confession is made unto salvation," 65 2, 122 | has ~been threatened in confession of the Christian faith, 66 2, 122 | is not only to suffer in confession of the faith, which is done 67 2, 122 | godliness, and consequently the confession thereof cannot be said to 68 2, 160 | of one's sins, deceitful ~confession, rebelliousness, license, 69 2, 160 | which ~is opposed "deceitful confession," whereby a man being unwilling 70 2, 172 | this rock," i.e. of thy confession, "I will build My Church."~ 71 2, 181 | teaching of the ~apostles, the confession of martyrs, the purity of 72 2, 182 | hast confessed a ~good confession before many witnesses," 73 3, 37 | represents the preaching and ~confession of faith; and because it 74 3, 38 | 3:6 and Mk. 1:5. But the confession of sins ~is ordered to their 75 3, 38 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: That confession of sins was not made unto 76 3, 48 | reason does not hold good of confession and contrition, because ~ 77 3, 66 | have been baptized in the confession of the name of the Trinity 78 3, 68 | been baptized?~(6) Whether Confession of sins is necessary?~(7) 79 3, 68 | baptized every one of you." But confession is a ~part of Penance. Therefore 80 3, 68 | Therefore it seems that confession of sins should take ~place 81 3, 68 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Confession of sins should be sorrowful: 82 3, 68 | in Baptism." Therefore ~confession of sins should not be required 83 3, 68 | Para. 1/3~I answer that, Confession of sins is twofold. One 84 3, 68 | inwardly to ~God: and such confession of sins is required before 85 3, 68 | The other is the ~outward confession of sins, which is made to 86 3, 68 | made to a priest; and such ~confession is not required before Baptism. 87 3, 68 | Baptism. First, because this ~confession, since it is directed to 88 3, 68 | why a man ~makes outward confession to a priest, is that the 89 3, 68 | because the ~very act of confession made to a man is penal, 90 3, 68 | 2/3~Therefore no special confession of sins is required of those 91 3, 68 | baptized; but that general confession suffices which they make 92 3, 68 | confess their sins, their confession should be heard; not for 93 3, 68 | the baptized make inward confession to ~God, and also an outward 94 3, 68 | also an outward general confession, for them to "prosper and ~ 95 3, 68 | need no special outward confession, as stated ~above.~Aquin.: 96 3, 68 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Confession is a part of sacramental 97 3, 69 | salutary effect, when truthful confession takes ~the place of that 98 3, 71 | thereto as to ~the nose; and confession thereof, as to the mouth. 99 3, 72 | is ordained to the public confession of the Faith of Christ. 100 3, 72 | Christ. But "with the mouth, confession is made unto ~salvation," 101 3, 72 | passions which hinder free confession.~Aquin.: SMT TP Q[72] A[ 102 3, 77 | hence it is said in the ~confession of Berengarius: "I agree 103 3, 77 | sacramental ~species. And the confession made by Berengarius is to 104 3, 80 | Canons do not allow of a confession being extorted from any 105 3, 80 | committed, and that by means of confession made ~spontaneously, or 106 3, 80 | away by contrition and ~confession nevertheless the bodily 107 3, 83 | and this is denoted by the confession ~which is made before the " 108 3, 84 | taken away by ~the sinner's confession]*, nor against venial sin, 109 3, 84 | of submitting himself by confession and satisfaction to the 110 3, 87 | in ~this way the general confession [*i.e. the recital of the 111 3, 88 | from faith, contempt of confession and regret for past ~repentance, 112 3, 88 | the keys of the Church by ~confession, according to Ps. 31:5: " 113 3, 89 | sins, or have made worthy confession of them. ~On the other hand, 114 3, 90 | things, ~viz. contrition, confession, and satisfaction. Therefore 115 3, 90 | Penance, viz., contrition, confession, ~and satisfaction, as we 116 3, 90 | 1/1~Whether contrition, confession, and satisfaction are fittingly 117 3, 90 | would seem that contrition, confession, and satisfaction are ~not 118 3, 90 | interior penance; while confession consists of ~words, and 119 3, 90 | Penance can also. Therefore confession in word and ~satisfaction 120 3, 90 | place, and this is done in ~confession; and the third is that he 121 3, 90 | satisfaction: and so contrition, ~confession, and satisfaction are assigned 122 3, 90 | the heart, together with confession in word and ~satisfaction 123 3, 90 | contrition in thought, confession in word, and satisfaction ~ 124 3, 90 | contrition includes both confession and ~satisfaction in the 125 Suppl | and (1) Contrition; ~(2) Confession; (3) Satisfaction. The consideration 126 Suppl, 1 | Further, satisfaction and confession are necessary for the ~remission 127 Suppl, 1 | remitted by ~contrition, yet confession and satisfaction are still 128 Suppl, 1 | take ~away all, and because confession and satisfaction are a matter 129 Suppl, 2 | contrition is expressed by confession. But it is necessary to ~ 130 Suppl, 5 | Communion before going to ~confession. Therefore they have not 131 Suppl, 5 | entirely. For satisfaction and confession are ordained for ~man's 132 Suppl, 5 | contrite as not to be bound to confession and satisfaction. Therefore ~ 133 Suppl, 5 | precept ~given concerning confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[5] A[2] 134 Suppl, 6 | Q[6] Out. Para. 1/2 - OF CONFESSION, AS REGARDS ITS NECESSITY ( 135 Suppl, 6 | ARTICLES)~We must now consider confession, about which there are six 136 Suppl, 6 | consideration: (1) The necessity of confession; (2) Its nature; (3) ~Its 137 Suppl, 6 | effect; (6) The seal of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] Out. 138 Suppl, 6 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether confession is necessary for salvation?~( 139 Suppl, 6 | for salvation?~(2) Whether confession is according to the natural 140 Suppl, 6 | Whether all are bound to confession?~(4) Whether it is lawful 141 Suppl, 6 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession is necessary for salvation?~ 142 Suppl, 6 | OBJ 1: It would seem that confession is not necessary for salvation. 143 Suppl, 6 | infusion of grace. Therefore ~confession is not necessary in order 144 Suppl, 6 | forgiven their sins without ~confession, e.g. Peter, Magdalen and 145 Suppl, 6 | against such sins. Therefore confession is not ~necessary for salvation.~ 146 Suppl, 6 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, confession is necessary for a judicial 147 Suppl, 6 | Therefore it seems that ~confession is not necessary for salvation.~ 148 Suppl, 6 | disease known by means of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[1] 149 Suppl, 6 | acquires through the penitent's confession. ~Wherefore confession is 150 Suppl, 6 | s confession. ~Wherefore confession is necessary for the salvation 151 Suppl, 6 | undergoing the ~shame of confession, by the power of the keys 152 Suppl, 6 | sins made known to him in confession. Nevertheless the fact that ~ 153 Suppl, 6 | Nevertheless the fact that ~confession is necessary for salvation 154 Suppl, 6 | sacraments, and consequently confession is necessary.~Aquin.: SMT 155 Suppl, 6 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession is according to the natural 156 Suppl, 6 | OBJ 1: It would seem that confession is according to the natural 157 Suppl, 6 | confessing their sin. Therefore ~confession of sin is according to the 158 Suppl, 6 | to the natural law. But confession was prescribed in the ~Old 159 Suppl, 6 | have hid my sin." Therefore confession is according to the natural 160 Suppl, 6 | is the ~same in all. But confession is not in all in the same 161 Suppl, 6 | the natural law. Further, confession is made to one ~who has 162 Suppl, 6 | neither, therefore, is confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[2] 163 Suppl, 6 | of the sacraments. Hence confession, ~which is of sacramental 164 Suppl, 6 | before God: ~because the confession which is made to God by 165 Suppl, 6 | here we are speaking ~of confession made to a man. We may also 166 Suppl, 6 | reply that in such a case ~confession of one's sin is according 167 Suppl, 6 | are blamed for doing. But confession made voluntarily to a man 168 Suppl, 6 | although there was a kind of ~confession in the law of Moses, yet 169 Suppl, 6 | Whether all are bound to confession?~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[3] 170 Suppl, 6 | that not all are bound to confession, for Jerome ~says on Is. 171 Suppl, 6 | consequently neither is confession which is a part of Penance.~ 172 Suppl, 6 | it is to the judge that confession should be made in any ~court. 173 Suppl, 6 | Therefore they are not bound to ~confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[3] 174 Suppl, 6 | not everyone is bound to confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[3] 175 Suppl, 6 | Para. 1/2~On the contrary, Confession is condivided with satisfaction 176 Suppl, 6 | Therefore ~all are bound to confession also.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] 177 Suppl, 6 | answer that, We are bound to confession on two counts: first, by 178 Suppl, 6 | from the very fact that confession is a remedy, and in this ~ 179 Suppl, 6 | way not all are bound to confession, but those only who fall 180 Suppl, 6 | Penance, and ~consequently for confession, even in those who do not 181 Suppl, 6 | this will count for his confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[4] 182 Suppl, 6 | satisfaction originates from confession. But a man can ~do satisfaction 183 Suppl, 6 | ought to tell an untruth in confession, since every ~untruth is 184 Suppl, 6 | penitent should, by his confession, make his state ~known to 185 Suppl, 6 | hides it; wherefore his confession is ~unavailing: and in order 186 Suppl, 6 | does not ~sin, provided his confession thereof tally with his conscience.~ 187 Suppl, 6 | Sacram. ii): "The contempt of confession is ~inexcusable, unless 188 Suppl, 6 | due at once. But man owes ~confession to God always. Therefore 189 Suppl, 6 | contrary, A fixed time both for confession and for receiving the ~Eucharist 190 Suppl, 6 | Para. 2/5~But to actual confession a man is bound in two ways. 191 Suppl, 6 | mortal sin, unless he go to confession first: for ~then he is bound 192 Suppl, 6 | wherefore all must go to confession before that time.~Aquin.: 193 Suppl, 6 | bound absolutely to go to confession; and here the ~same reason 194 Suppl, 6 | reason applies to delay of confession as to delay of Baptism, ~ 195 Suppl, 6 | same seems to ~apply to confession which is not more necessary 196 Suppl, 6 | then and there to make his confession or to ~receive Baptism. 197 Suppl, 6 | commandment about making confession and that about receiving 198 Suppl, 6 | time limit to an annual confession, because ~the Church does 199 Suppl, 6 | one can be dispensed from confession?~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[6] 200 Suppl, 6 | the Church. Now such is confession, as appears from what was ~ 201 Suppl, 6 | one may be dispensed from confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[6] 202 Suppl, 6 | by a man. But we read of confession being instituted, not by ~ 203 Suppl, 6 | contrary, Penance, whereof confession is a part, is a necessary ~ 204 Suppl, 6 | can one be dispensed from confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[6] A[6] 205 Suppl, 6 | that he be saved without confession, in so far as it is obligatory 206 Suppl, 6 | however, dispense from confession, in so ~far as it is obligatory 207 Suppl, 6 | so ~that a man may delay confession longer than the limit prescribed 208 Suppl, 6 | OBJ 2: The precept about confession was not instituted by a 209 Suppl, 7 | 1/1 - OF THE NATURE OF CONFESSION (THREE ARTICLES)~We must 210 Suppl, 7 | now consider the nature of confession, under which head there ~ 211 Suppl, 7 | Augustine fittingly defines confession?~(2) Whether confession 212 Suppl, 7 | confession?~(2) Whether confession is an act of virtue?~(3) 213 Suppl, 7 | act of virtue?~(3) Whether confession is an act of the virtue 214 Suppl, 7 | Augustine fittingly defines confession?~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[7] A[1] 215 Suppl, 7 | seem that Augustine defines confession unfittingly, when ~he says ( 216 Suppl, 7 | says (Super Ps. 21) that confession "lays bare the hidden disease 217 Suppl, 7 | the disease against which confession is ~ordained, is sin. Now 218 Suppl, 7 | should not ~be said that confession is the remedy for a "hidden" 219 Suppl, 7 | of penance is fear. But confession is a ~part of Penance. Therefore 220 Suppl, 7 | set down as ~the cause of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[7] A[1] 221 Suppl, 7 | placed under the seal of ~confession. Therefore sin is not laid 222 Suppl, 7 | sin is not laid bare in confession, but closed up.~Aquin.: 223 Suppl, 7 | Hom. xl in Evang.) that confession is "the ~uncovering of sins, 224 Suppl, 7 | wound." Others say that ~"confession is a legal declaration of 225 Suppl, 7 | Others define it thus: "Confession is the sinner's sacramental ~ 226 Suppl, 7 | our notice in the act ~of confession: first, the very substance 227 Suppl, 7 | lays bare" - the matter of ~confession, by saying that it is a " 228 Suppl, 7 | is made known to him by confession. or ~we may reply that although 229 Suppl, 7 | needs to be revealed by confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[7] A[1] 230 Suppl, 7 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Confession presupposes charity, which 231 Suppl, 7 | set down as the cause of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[7] A[1] 232 Suppl, 7 | 1~Reply OBJ 3: In every confession sin is laid bare to the 233 Suppl, 7 | to others by the seal of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[7] A[1] 234 Suppl, 7 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession is an act of virtue?~Aquin.: 235 Suppl, 7 | OBJ 1: It would seem that confession is not an act of virtue. 236 Suppl, 7 | says (Ethic. ii, 1). But confession does ~not belong to the 237 Suppl, 7 | who has sinned. But the confession of a sin, which is the ~ 238 Suppl, 7 | of a sin, which is the ~confession of which we are speaking 239 Suppl, 7 | the virtues and gifts. But confession is part ~of a sacrament. 240 Suppl, 7 | about acts of virtue. But ~confession comes under a precept. Therefore 241 Suppl, 7 | except by acts of virtue. But confession is ~meritorious, for "it 242 Suppl, 7 | to ~virtue. Now, although confession does not include everything 243 Suppl, 7 | his heart, it ~is not a confession but a fiction. Now to express 244 Suppl, 7 | virtue; and, consequently, confession ~is a good thing generically, 245 Suppl, 7 | inclines a man to make ~confession in the proper way, to confess 246 Suppl, 7 | he ought, and in this way confession belongs to the natural law. 247 Suppl, 7 | whom, with regard to the confession of which we are speaking ~ 248 Suppl, 7 | natural law inclines a man to ~confession, by means of the Divine 249 Suppl, 7 | innocent. Wherefore the confession of sins, of which ~confession 250 Suppl, 7 | confession of sins, of which ~confession we are speaking now, is 251 Suppl, 7 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession is an act of the virtue 252 Suppl, 7 | OBJ 1: It would seem that confession is not an act of the virtue 253 Suppl, 7 | cause. Now the ~cause of confession is the hope of pardon, as 254 Suppl, 7 | part of temperance. But confession arises ~from shame, as appears 255 Suppl, 7 | leans on Divine mercy. But confession ~leans rather on Divine 256 Suppl, 7 | penance. But we are moved to confession by the article which is 257 Suppl, 7 | man does when he goes to ~confession. Therefore confession is 258 Suppl, 7 | to ~confession. Therefore confession is an act of that virtue 259 Suppl, 7 | destruction of sin. Now ~confession is ordained to this also. 260 Suppl, 7 | The same applies to the confession of ~truth, which, although 261 Suppl, 7 | says (Ethic. iv, 7) that a ~confession made in a court of justice 262 Suppl, 7 | truth. In like manner the confession of God's favors in ~praise 263 Suppl, 7 | religion: and so too the ~confession of sins, in order to receive 264 Suppl, 7 | in so far ~as the act of confession can be directed to the end 265 Suppl, 7 | 1: Hope is the cause of confession, not as eliciting but as ~ 266 Suppl, 7 | mentioned as the cause of ~confession, since it is more of a nature 267 Suppl, 7 | nature to hinder the act of confession, ~but rather as the joint 268 Suppl, 7 | are the ~joint cause with confession, to the same effect.~Aquin.: 269 Suppl, 7 | being sorrow for evil - confession ~to wisdom, by reason of 270 Suppl, 7 | 1/2~Reply OBJ 4: Since confession results from hope rather 271 Suppl, 8 | 1/1 - OF THE MINISTER OF CONFESSION (SEVEN ARTICLES)~We must 272 Suppl, 8 | consider the minister of confession, under which head there ~ 273 Suppl, 8 | not a priest can hear ~the confession of venial sins?~(4) Whether 274 Suppl, 8 | For we are not bound to confession, except in virtue of its 275 Suppl, 8 | minister of Penance. Now confession should be ~made to the minister 276 Suppl, 8 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, confession is necessary in order that 277 Suppl, 8 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, confession was instituted in the Church 278 Suppl, 8 | not a priest. Therefore confession should not always be made ~ 279 Suppl, 8 | sake of which ~he makes his confession, is imparted by none but 280 Suppl, 8 | are intrusted. Therefore confession should be made to a priest.~ 281 Suppl, 8 | OTC Para. 2/2~Further, confession is foreshadowed in the raising 282 Suppl, 8 | Jn. 11:44). Therefore confession should be made to a priest.~ 283 Suppl, 8 | consequently ~sacramental confession which should be made to 284 Suppl, 8 | institutions: and since confession had already been prescribed 285 Suppl, 8 | than Penance, ~as regards confession and absolution, because 286 Suppl, 8 | this cannot be said of ~confession and absolution, which regard 287 Suppl, 8 | parity between Baptism and confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[8] A[1] 288 Suppl, 8 | knowledge of the sheep that confession is ordained.~Aquin.: SMT 289 Suppl, 8 | another than ~a priest. For confession is a sacramental accusation, 290 Suppl, 8 | a priest, it seems that confession should be made ~to no one 291 Suppl, 8 | in every court of justice confession is ordained to the ~sentence. 292 Suppl, 8 | the proper judge; so that confession should be made to none ~ 293 Suppl, 8 | binding and loosing. Therefore confession ~should be made to no one 294 Suppl, 8 | he is bound to repeat his confession to a priest, when the ~cause 295 Suppl, 8 | urgency has passed. Therefore confession should not be made to ~a 296 Suppl, 8 | in ~virtue of his office, confession should be made, is a priest; 297 Suppl, 8 | priest, and hear ~a person's confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[8] A[2] 298 Suppl, 8 | sacrament, viz. contrition and confession. Now ~satisfaction originates 299 Suppl, 8 | High Priest. Nevertheless ~confession made to a layman, through 300 Suppl, 8 | not a priest may hear ~the confession of venial sins?~Aquin.: 301 Suppl, 8 | but a ~priest may hear the confession of venial sins. For the 302 Suppl, 8 | reason of necessity. But the ~confession of venial sins is not necessary. 303 Suppl, 8 | Therefore neither can the confession of venial sins be made ~ 304 Suppl, 8 | sins to a priest. And since confession made to a layman is a ~sacramental, 305 Suppl, 8 | souls. Since, therefore confession is made for ~the sake of 306 Suppl, 8 | yet they are bound to ~confession. Therefore a man is not 307 Suppl, 8 | Praecept. et ~Dispens. ii). Now confession, which was instituted for 308 Suppl, 8 | of breaking the ~seal of confession, or if the penitent has 309 Suppl, 8 | be hindered from going to confession, through either ~fear, shame, 310 Suppl, 8 | the kind. Therefore, since confession ~is necessary for salvation, 311 Suppl, 8 | one ~priest to hear the confession of another's parishioner.~ 312 Suppl, 8 | sacrament, since contrition, confession, and ~satisfaction, which 313 Suppl, 8 | not a priest. Therefore confession should be made not ~only 314 Suppl, 8 | would rather die without ~confession than confess to such a priest. 315 Suppl, 8 | their subjects by means of ~confession, lay a snare of damnation 316 Suppl, 8 | than the ~rector hear the confession of his subjects. Therefore 317 Suppl, 8 | he that hears another's confession is the latter's own ~judge, 318 Suppl, 8 | as a bishop, can hear the confession of anyone belonging to a ~ 319 Suppl, 8 | ways from hearing a man's ~confession: first, through lack of 320 Suppl, 8 | hindered from hearing a man's confession through want of jurisdiction, ~ 321 Suppl, 8 | that priest to hear his confession and absolve him. If, ~on 322 Suppl, 8 | the priest cannot hear the confession, on account of ~an impediment 323 Suppl, 8 | by the ~manifestation of confession; and with regard to this 324 Suppl, 8 | Consequently ~in the tribunal of confession, the penitent is believed 325 Suppl, 8 | utriusque) ~which prescribes confession to be made once a year to 326 Suppl, 8 | confess again, his first confession ~would not be useless, because 327 Suppl, 8 | part of the sacramental confession, ~he does not receive sacramental 328 Suppl, 8 | absolution. Wherefore his confession ~avails him somewhat, as 329 Suppl, 8 | merit derived from his confession and to his repentance. but 330 Suppl, 8 | remains to be remitted by ~confession. Secondly, in consideration 331 Suppl, 8 | of contrition, and ~for confession and absolution, since all 332 Suppl, 9 | 1/1 - OF THE QUALITY OF CONFESSION (FOUR ARTICLES) ~We must 333 Suppl, 9 | consider the quality of confession: under which head there ~ 334 Suppl, 9 | of inquiry:~(1) Whether confession can be lacking in form?~( 335 Suppl, 9 | lacking in form?~(2) Whether confession ought to be entire?~(3) 336 Suppl, 9 | masters, ~are necessary for confession?~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[9] A[1] 337 Suppl, 9 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession can be lacking in form?~ 338 Suppl, 9 | OBJ 1: It would seem that confession cannot be lacking in form. 339 Suppl, 9 | Ecclus. 17:26): "Praise [confession] perisheth from the dead ~ 340 Suppl, 9 | Therefore there can be no confession without charity.~Aquin.: 341 Suppl, 9 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, confession is condivided with contrition 342 Suppl, 9 | without ~charity. Therefore confession is also impossible without 343 Suppl, 9 | Further, it is necessary in confession that the word should agree ~ 344 Suppl, 9 | thought for the very name of confession requires this. Now if a ~ 345 Suppl, 9 | it is not necessary ~that confession should be quickened by charity.~ 346 Suppl, 9 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Confession is an act of virtue, and 347 Suppl, 9 | and who by means of the confession knows the conscience of 348 Suppl, 9 | this way it is possible for confession to be in one who is ~not 349 Suppl, 9 | not bound to repeat his confession, but to confess his lack 350 Suppl, 9 | receiving of the fruit of confession, which none can receive 351 Suppl, 9 | are offered to God: but ~confession is made to man: hence it 352 Suppl, 9 | satisfaction, but not to confession, that man should be united 353 Suppl, 9 | as to the substance ~of confession, though it is discordant 354 Suppl, 9 | discordant with the purpose of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[9] A[2] 355 Suppl, 9 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession should be entire?~Aquin.: 356 Suppl, 9 | it is not necessary for confession to be ~entire, namely, for 357 Suppl, 9 | greater his shame. ~Therefore confession is more fruitful if it be 358 Suppl, 9 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, confession is necessary in Penance 359 Suppl, 9 | that a man after going to confession and ~performing his penance, 360 Suppl, 9 | the priest who hears a ~confession can absolve from some of 361 Suppl, 9 | a case at all events the confession need not be entire.~Aquin.: 362 Suppl, 9 | hypocrisy to divide one's confession, as Augustine says [*De 363 Suppl, 9 | unknown author]. Therefore confession ~should be entire. Further, 364 Suppl, 9 | should be entire. Further, confession is a part of Penance. But 365 Suppl, 9 | should be entire. Therefore confession also should be entire.~Aquin.: 366 Suppl, 9 | Hence it is necessary for confession ~that man confess all the 367 Suppl, 9 | to ~do this, it is not a confession, but a pretense of confession.~ 368 Suppl, 9 | confession, but a pretense of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[9] A[2] 369 Suppl, 9 | when he makes a ~divided confession to different confessors, 370 Suppl, 9 | the priest in hearing a confession takes the place ~of God, 371 Suppl, 9 | the place ~of God, so that confession should be made to him just 372 Suppl, 9 | to mind, so is there no ~confession unless one confess all the 373 Suppl, 9 | priest to whom ~his previous confession was made, in order that 374 Suppl, 9 | many sins in his previous confession, but had ~forgotten this 375 Suppl, 9 | another, or by ~writing. For confession is necessary in order that 376 Suppl, 9 | confess his faith. But confession of faith should be made " 377 Suppl, 9 | from Rm. 10:10: therefore confession of sins should ~also.~Aquin.: 378 Suppl, 9 | himself, do penance. But ~confession is part of penance. Therefore 379 Suppl, 9 | Para. 1/1~I answer that, Confession is not only an act of virtue, 380 Suppl, 9 | another: whereas the act of confession is ~from within and is performed 381 Suppl, 9 | absence of one's own priest, confession may be made ~even to a layman, 382 Suppl, 9 | writing, ~because the act of confession is more essential than the 383 Suppl, 9 | than the person to whom ~confession is made.~Aquin.: SMT XP 384 Suppl, 9 | assigned are necessary for ~confession?~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[9] A[4] 385 Suppl, 9 | lines, are not requisite for confession:~Simple, humble, pure, faithful,~ 386 Suppl, 9 | reckoned as conditions of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[9] A[4] 387 Suppl, 9 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 4: Further, confession is directed to satisfaction. 388 Suppl, 9 | sometimes public. Therefore confession should not always be "secret."~ 389 Suppl, 9 | conditions are essential to confession, ~and some are requisite 390 Suppl, 9 | which are ~essential to confession belong to it either as to 391 Suppl, 9 | knowledge, in ~respect of which confession is said to be "discreet," 392 Suppl, 9 | voluntary, and in this respect ~confession is said to be "voluntary." 393 Suppl, 9 | end, and in this ~respect confession is said to be "pure," i.e. 394 Suppl, 9 | respect it ~is said that confession should be "courageous," 395 Suppl, 9 | A[4] Body Para. 2/5~Now confession is an act of the virtue 396 Suppl, 9 | sin, ~and in this respect confession should be "full of shame," 397 Suppl, 9 | of its very nature, viz. confession, this act is one of ~manifestation: 398 Suppl, 9 | falsehood, and in this respect confession is said to be "faithful," ~ 399 Suppl, 9 | words, and against this ~confession is said to be "open," so 400 Suppl, 9 | known, and in this respect ~confession should be "entire."~Aquin.: 401 Suppl, 9 | Body Para. 4/5~In so far as confession is part of a sacrament it 402 Suppl, 9 | Para. 5/5~The well-being of confession requires that it should 403 Suppl, 9 | This is not necessary for confession, but is a condition of ~ 404 Suppl, 9 | 4 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 4: Confession should be made not publicly 405 Suppl, 10| 1/1 - OF THE EFFECT OF CONFESSION (FIVE ARTICLES)~We must 406 Suppl, 10| now consider the effect of confession: under which head there ~ 407 Suppl, 10| of inquiry:~(1) Whether confession delivers one from the death 408 Suppl, 10| death of sin?~(2) Whether confession delivers one in any way 409 Suppl, 10| punishment?~(3) Whether confession opens Paradise to us?~(4) 410 Suppl, 10| Paradise to us?~(4) Whether confession gives hope of salvation?~( 411 Suppl, 10| salvation?~(5) Whether a general confession blots out mortal sins that 412 Suppl, 10| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession delivers one from the death 413 Suppl, 10| OBJ 1: It would seem that confession does not deliver one from 414 Suppl, 10| from the death ~of sin. For confession follows contrition. But 415 Suppl, 10| blots out guilt. Therefore confession does not deliver one from 416 Suppl, 10| fault, so is venial. Now ~confession renders venial that which 417 Suppl, 10| Sent. iv, D, 17). Therefore confession does not blot out guilt, 418 Suppl, 10| Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Confession is part of the sacrament 419 Suppl, 10| deliver from guilt. Therefore confession does also.~Aquin.: SMT XP 420 Suppl, 10| is perfected chiefly in ~confession, because by the latter a 421 Suppl, 10| contrition has the ~desire of confession united thereto, and satisfaction 422 Suppl, 10| the priest who hears the confession. And ~since in the sacrament 423 Suppl, 10| are forgiven, therefore confession in virtue of the ~absolution 424 Suppl, 10| The same is to be said of confession, to which ~absolution is 425 Suppl, 10| Afterwards at the time of actual ~confession and absolution he receives 426 Suppl, 10| death, so can it be said of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[10] A[ 427 Suppl, 10| Contrition has the desire of confession attached to it, and ~therefore 428 Suppl, 10| here, because the result of confession is that man's past ~guilt 429 Suppl, 10| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession delivers from punishment 430 Suppl, 10| OBJ 1: It would seem that confession nowise delivers from punishment. ~ 431 Suppl, 10| punishment is remitted by ~confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[10] A[ 432 Suppl, 10| already confessed, and so the ~confession which he makes afterwards 433 Suppl, 10| Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Confession is a penal work. But all 434 Suppl, 10| punishment due to sin. Therefore confession does also.~Aquin.: SMT XP 435 Suppl, 10| Para. 1/2~I answer that, Confession together with absolution 436 Suppl, 10| in this life. ~Secondly, confession diminishes the punishment 437 Suppl, 10| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession opens paradise?~Aquin.: 438 Suppl, 10| OBJ 1: It would seem that confession does not open Paradise. 439 Suppl, 10| it is not the effect of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[10] A[ 440 Suppl, 10| heaven before making his confession. ~Therefore confession does 441 Suppl, 10| his confession. ~Therefore confession does not open Paradise.~ 442 Suppl, 10| Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Confession makes a man submit to the 443 Suppl, 10| Therefore it is opened by ~confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[10] A[ 444 Suppl, 10| into Paradise: and since confession removes these obstacles, 445 Suppl, 10| contrition implying a desire for confession, ~even before he actually 446 Suppl, 10| entirely removed before confession and satisfaction.~Aquin.: 447 Suppl, 10| Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether confession gives hope of salvation?~ 448 Suppl, 10| be reckoned an ~effect of confession. For hope arises from all 449 Suppl, 10| not the proper effect of confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[10] A[ 450 Suppl, 10| satisfaction rather than confession gives hope of salvation.~ 451 Suppl, 10| Para. 1/1~On the contrary," Confession makes a man more humble 452 Suppl, 10| Therefore it is the effect of ~confession to give hope of salvation.~ 453 Suppl, 10| through Christ: and since by confession a man submits to the keys ~ 454 Suppl, 10| therefore ~do we say that confession gives hope of salvation.~ 455 Suppl, 10| of salvation: and since confession ~relies upon the grace of 456 Suppl, 10| debt of punishment: while ~confession does so also in the way 457 Suppl, 10| Para. 1/1~Whether a general confession suffices to blot out forgotten 458 Suppl, 10| would seem that a general confession does not suffice to blot ~ 459 Suppl, 10| has been blotted out by confession. If, therefore, forgotten ~ 460 Suppl, 10| were forgiven by a general confession, there would be no need 461 Suppl, 10| are forgiven by ~a general confession, whoever is not conscious 462 Suppl, 10| whenever he makes a general ~confession: which is contrary to what 463 Suppl, 10| special mention thereof in confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[10] A[ 464 Suppl, 10| forgotten. Now a general ~confession does not blot out sins committed 465 Suppl, 10| be absolved by a general ~confession, which is false. Therefore 466 Suppl, 10| false. Therefore a general confession does not take ~away forgotten 467 Suppl, 10| Para. 1/1~I answer that, Confession produces its effect, on 468 Suppl, 10| blots out guilt: so that confession is ~directly ordained to 469 Suppl, 10| yet is forgotten before confession): and then general sacramental ~ 470 Suppl, 10| then general sacramental ~confession works for the remission 471 Suppl, 10| Reply OBJ 1: In sacramental confession, not only is absolution 472 Suppl, 10| wanting to the ~sacramental confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[10] A[ 473 Suppl, 10| OBJ 2: As stated above, confession does not produce its effect, ~ 474 Suppl, 10| forgiven him in a general confession, although he ~may think 475 Suppl, 10| the sin of insincerity in confession, which is an obstacle ~to 476 Suppl, 10| fruit of absolution and confession.~ 477 Suppl, 11| Para. 1/1 - OF THE SEAL OF CONFESSION (FIVE ARTICLES)~We must 478 Suppl, 11| inquire about the seal of confession, about which there are ~ 479 Suppl, 11| knows under the ~seal of confession?~(2) Whether the seal of 480 Suppl, 11| 2) Whether the seal of confession extends to other matters 481 Suppl, 11| which have reference to confession?~(3) Whether the priest 482 Suppl, 11| is bound by the seal of confession?~(4) Whether, by permission 483 Suppl, 11| he knew under the seal of confession?~(5) Whether he is bound 484 Suppl, 11| knows ~under the seal of confession?~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[11] A[ 485 Suppl, 11| knows under the seal of confession. For, as Bernard ~says ( 486 Suppl, 11| charity." Now the secret of ~confession would militate against charity 487 Suppl, 11| if a man knew through confession that a certain man was a 488 Suppl, 11| if a man knew, through confession, that certain people who 489 Suppl, 11| what ~they know through confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[11] A[ 490 Suppl, 11| contrary. Now the secret of confession was introduced solely by 491 Suppl, 11| had such knowledge through confession would be bound to speak.~ 492 Suppl, 11| he has knowledge through confession, and is forced to swear 493 Suppl, 11| when an abbot knows through confession the sin of a ~prior who 494 Suppl, 11| to divulge the secret of confession. Therefore it ~seems that 495 Suppl, 11| it is lawful to reveal a confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[11] A[ 496 Suppl, 11| through hearing a man's ~confession to be conscious that the 497 Suppl, 11| sin, and so to reveal the confession ~somewhat, it seems that 498 Suppl, 11| necessary sometimes to divulge a confession.~Aquin.: SMT XP Q[11] A[ 499 Suppl, 11| are made known to Him in ~confession, but hides them. Neither, 500 Suppl, 11| place inwardly: wherefore confession, whereby ~a man subjects


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