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Catechetical Instructions

IntraText CT - Index of footnotes






  • TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE
    • ST. THOMAS AQUINAS
  1: . P. mandonnet, "Date de la naissance de S. Thomas d'Aquin," in "Revue Thomiste" (1914), 652-[...]
  2: . G. K. Chesterton, "St. Thomas Aquinas" (1933), 43.
  3: . J. Maritain, "The Angelic Doctor," 35.
  4: . For the vexed question of exact dates in the life of St. Thomas, I have relied chiefly on Ca[...]
  5: . Pope Leo XIII in Encyclical, "Aeterni Patris," August 4, 1879.



  • TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE
    • CHIEF WORKS OF ST. THOMAS
  6: . For a complete list of St. Thomas' writings: Cayre, "loc. cit."; Maritain, "The Angelic Doct[...]
  7: . Cf. Hugh Pope, O. P., "On Prayer and the Contemplative Life by St Thomas" (Benziger Bros., 1[...]
  8: . It contains the "Pangua lingu" with "Tantum ergo" among its verses, "Sacris Solemnis" with t[...]



  • TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE
    • THE OPUSCULA
  10: . Mandonnet, "Des Ecrits," etc., 66; Grabmann, "op. cit.," 232-337.
  11: . "Enchiridion Symbolorum," n. 695.



  • TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE
    • ST. THOMAS IN THE HISTORY OF CATECHETICS
  12: . "By the catechism of St. Thomas is generally understood his explanation of the Apostles' Cre[...]
  13: . Spirago-Messmer, "Spirago's Method of Christian Doctrine" (1901), 508.
  14: . John Gerson, the saintly chancellor of the University of Paris, wrote "On Leading the Little[...]
  15: . Cf. Callan-McHugh, "Catechism of the Council of Trent," Introduction, xiv and xvi. See also [...]
  16: . Spirago-Messmer, "op. cit.," 513-514.
  17: . "Ibid."



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • WHAT IS FAITH?
  1: . "The Catechism of the Council of Trent," known as the "Roman Catechism" (and so called thro[...]
  2: . Osee, ii. 20
  3: . In the ceremony of administering Ihe Sacrament of Baptism, the priest asks the Sponsor: "N.,[...]
  4: . Mark, xvi. 16.
  5: . Heb., xi. 6.
  6: . Rom., xiv. 23.
  7: . John, xvii. 3.
  8: . Heb., xi. 1.
  9: . John, xx. 29.
  10: . Hab., ii. 4.
  11: . Isa., xi. 9.
  12: Heb., xi. 33.
  13: . I Peter v. 8.
  14: . I John, v. 4.
  15: . Eph., vi. 16.
  16: . Job, xxxvi. 26.
  17: . Ecclus., iii. 25.
  18: . I Tim., vi. 4.
  19: . II Tim., i. 12.
  20: . Ecclus., ii. 8.
  21: . For the meaning of the word "faith" see the "Catholic Encyclopedia," vol. V. The necessity [...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIRST ARTICLE: "I Believe in One God."
  1: . Ps. xiii. 1.
  2: . Job, xxii. 14.
  3: . Job, xi. 5-6.
  4: . Ps. xciii. 7-11.
  5: . Heb., iv. 13.
  6: . "There is but one God, not many gods. We attribute to God the highest goodess and perfection[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIRST ARTICLE: "I Believe in One God."
      • SOME MOTIVES FOR BELIEF IN MANY GODS
  7: . Wis., xiii. 2-3.
  8: . Judith, v. 29.
  9: . All this is fully explained in the fourteenth chapter of the Book of Wisdom, verses 15-21. [...]
  10: . Wis., xiv. 21.
  11: . Isa., xiv. 14.
  12: . Matt., iv. 9.
  13: . Ps. cxv. 5.
  14: . I Cor., x. 20.
  15: . Jerem., x. 2-3.
  16: . Acts, v. 29.
  17: . Phil., iii. 19.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIRST ARTICLE (CONTINUED): "The Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven and
  1: . Wis., xiii. 1, 5.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIRST ARTICLE (CONTINUED): "The Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven and
      • ERRORS RELATING TO THE FIRST ARTICLE
  2: . In the Nicene Creed.
  3: . Gen., i. 1.
  4: . John, i. 3.
  5: . II Peter, iii. 4.
  7: . Ps. cxlviii. 5.
  8: . wis., xii. 18.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIRST ARTICLE (CONTINUED): "The Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven and
      • GOOD EFFECTS OF OUR FAITH
  9: . "Ibid.," xiii. 3-4.
  10: . Job, xxxvi. 26.
  11: . I Cor., iv. 7.
  12: . Ps. xxiii. 1.
  13: . Ps, cxv. 12.
  14: . Job, ii. 10.
  15: . Prov., xvi. 4.
  16: Deut., iv. 19.
  17: . I Paral., xxix. 14.
  18: . Ps. viii. 8.
  19: . Gen., i. 26.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SECOND ARTICLE: "And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord."
  1: . II Peter, I. 16.
  2: . "Jesus Christ is the Son of God, and true God, like the Father who begot Him from all eterni[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SECOND ARTICLE: "And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord."
      • ERRORS RELATING TO THE SECOND ARTICLE
  3: . John, i. 18.
  4: . John, viii. 58.
  5: . John, viii. 16.
  6: . "Symbol" (from the Greek "Symbolon," and the late Latin "Symbolum") is a formal authoritati[...]
  7: . John x. 30.
  8: ". . . we beiieve Him [Christ] to be one son, because His divine and human natures meet in o[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SECOND ARTICLE: "And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord."
      • THE DIVINE GENERATION
  9: . "Among the dirferent comparisorls brought forth to show the mode and manner ot this eternal [...]
  10: . John, i. 1.
  11: . "Ibid."
  12: . "Ibid."
  13: . An accident is an attribute which is not part of the essence.
  14: . John, i. 3.
  15: . Eph., iii. 17.
  16: . John, v. 38.
  17: . Ps. cxviii. 11.
  18: . Ps. i. 2.
  19: . Luke, ii. 19.
  20: . Eph., iv. 29
  21: . Colos., iii. 16.
  22: . II Tim., iv. 2.
  23: . James, i. 22.
  24: . Luke, i. 35.
  25: . Luke. i. 38
  26: . Fourth Responsory, Office of the Circumcision, Dominican Breviary.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE THIRD ARTICLE
  1: . John, i. 1-13.
  2: . "Ibid.," i. 14.
  3: . See above, p. 17.
  4: . Baruch, iii. 38.
  5: . Hypostasis is person distinct from nature, as in the one hypostasis of Christ as distinct fr[...]
  6: . Isa., vii. 1.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE THIRD ARTICLE
      • ERRORS RELATING TO THE THIRD ARTICLE
  7: . Matt., xxv. 41.
  8: .John, vi. 38.
  9: . Luke, xxiv. 39]
  10: . We believe and confess that the same Jesus Christ, our only Lord, the son of God when He ass[...]
  11: . Matt., i. 20.
  12: . Luke, i. 35
  13: . Gal., iv. 4.
  14: . John, xii, 27.
  15: . Matt., xxvi. 38.
  16: . Phil. ii. 7.
  17: . John viii. 40.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE THIRD ARTICLE
      • GOOD EFFECTS OF THESE CONSIDERATIONS
  18: . "Ibid.," i. 18.
  19: . Thus, in the Mass, when the Priest puts wine and water in the chalice, he says: ". . . Grant[...]
  20: . "Et sic factus est homo, ut hominem faceret Deum."
  21: . John. iii. 16.
  22: . "The Word, who is a Person of the divine nature, assumed human nature in such a manner that [...]
  23: . "And after I had heard and seen, I fell down to adore before the feet of the Angel who showe[...]
  24: . II Peter, i, 4. "God deigned to assume the lowliness and frailty of our flesh in order to l[...]
  25: . Matt., xxiv. 28.
  26: . Phil., i. 23.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FOURTH ARTICLE: "Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and
  1: . Acts, xiii. 41 (quoting Hab., i. 5).
  2: . "As Christ was true and perfect man, He was capable of truly dying. Now, man dies when the s[...]
  3: . See above, p. 6.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FOURTH ARTICLE: "Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and
      • EVIL EFFECTS OF SIN
  4: . Bar., iii. 10-11.
  5: . Apoc., i. 5.
  6: . Heb., x. 28-29.
  7: . Wis., xiv. 9.
  8: . Rom., v. 10.
  9: . Rom., vi. 6.
  10: . I Pet., ii. 24.
  11: . Luke, xxiii. 43.
  12: . Heb., x. 19



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FOURTH ARTICLE: "Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and
      • CHRIST, EXEMPLAR OF VIRTUES
  13: . John, xv. 13.
  14: . Ps. cxv. 12.
  15: . Lament., i. 12.
  16: . Pet., ii. 23.
  17: . Isa., liii. 7.
  18: . Matt., xxvi. 53.
  19: . Heb., xii. 1-2.
  20: . Job, xxxvi. 17.
  21: . Wis., ii. 20.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIFTH ARTICLE: "He Descended into Hell."
  1: . "Hell here means those far-removed places in which are detained those souls that have not be[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIFTH ARTICLE: "He Descended into Hell."
      • REASONS FOR CHRIST'S DESCENT
  2: . See last footnote. This place is also called Limbo.
  3: . Ps. lxxxvii. 5. "They descended as captives; He as free and victorious amongst the dead, to[...]
  4: . Ecclus., xxiv. 45.
  5: . This refers to the temptation of Our Lord in the desert.
  6: . John, xii. 31.
  7: . St. Thomas says that the soul of Christ descended to the hell of the just or to Limbo "per s[...]
  8: . Col., ii. 15.
  9: . Phil., ii. Io
  10: . Mark, xvi. 17.
  11: . Zach.. ix. 11.
  12: . Osee, xiii. 14.
  13: . Italics added.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIFTH ARTICLE: "He Descended into Hell."
      • WHAT WE MAY LEARN FROM THIS
  14: . Wis., 13-14.
  15: . Ecclus., xxxiv. 16.
  16: . Matt., xxv. 46.
  17: . Isa., xxxviii. 10.
  18: . Ecclus., vii. 40.
  19: . Job, xix. 21.
  20: . II Mach., xii. 46.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIFTH ARTICLE (CONTINUED): "The third day He arose again from the
  1: . Wis., ix. 16.
  2: . John, iii. 31.
  3: . Wisd., ii. 1.
  4: . John, xi 1-44
  5: . Luke, vii. 11-16.
  6: . Mark, v. 35-43.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIFTH ARTICLE (CONTINUED): "The third day He arose again from the
      • SPECIAL CHARACTER OF CHRIST'S RESURRECTION
  7: . John, x. 18.
  8: . Matt., xxvii. 50.
  9: . Matt., xxvii. 54.
  10: . Ps. iii. 6.
  11: . Acts, ii. 3~. Rom., vi, 4.
  13: . Matt., xxviii. 52.
  14: . I Cor., xv. 20.
  15: . Luke xxiv. 26.
  16: . Acts, xiv. 21.
  17: . From the Nicene Creed.
  18: . "Chirst did not remain in the grave during all of these three days, but as He lay in the sep[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE FIFTH ARTICLE (CONTINUED): "The third day He arose again from the
      • WHAT WE MAY LEARN FROM THE RESURRECTION
  19: . Eph., v. 14.
  20: . John, xx. 6.
  21: . Ecclus., v. 8.
  22: . Rom., vi. 9, 11-14.
  23: . "Ibid.," 4.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SIXTH ARTICLE: "He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand
      • THE SUBLIMITY OF THE ASCENSION
  1: . Eph., iv. 10.
  2: . "Ibid.," i. 20-22
  3: . Dan., vii. 13.
  4: . Mark, xvi. 19.
  5: . "In these words we observe a figure of speech, that is, the changing of a word from its lite[...]
  6: . Isa., xiv. 13-14.
  7: . Ps. cix. 1.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SIXTH ARTICLE: "He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand
      • THE REASONABLENESS OF THE ASCENSION
  8: . John, xvi. 28.
  9: . "lbid.," iii. 13.
  10: . "He ascended by His own power, not by the power of another as did Elias, who was taken up in[...]
  11: . Cant., i. 3.
  12: . Matt., xxiv. 28.
  13: . Apoc., iii. 21.
  14: . Phil., ii. 8.
  15: . Luke, xiv. 11.
  16: . Eph., iv. 10.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SIXTH ARTICLE: "He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand
      • THE BENEFITS OF THE ASCENSION
  17: . Mich., ii. 13.
  18: . John, xiv. 2.
  19: . Matt., vi. 21.
  20: . Col., iii. 1.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SEVENTH ARTICLE: "From thence He shall come to judge the living and the
  1: . Prov., xx. 8.
  2: . Acts, i. 11.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SEVENTH ARTICLE: "From thence He shall come to judge the living and the
      • THE FORM OF THE JUDGMENT
  3: . Acts, x. 42.
  4: . John, v. 27.
  5: . Job, xxxvi. 17.
  6: . Luke, xxi. 27.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SEVENTH ARTICLE: "From thence He shall come to judge the living and the
      • WHO ARE TO BE JUDGED?
  7: . II Cor., v. 10.
  8: . John, iii. 18.
  9: . Rom., vi. 23.
  10: . Matt., xix. 28.
  11: . I Cor., vi. 3.
  12: . Isa., iii. 14.
  13: . Eccles., xi. 9.
  14: . "Ibid.," xii. 14.
  15: . Matt., xii. 36.
  16: . Wis., i. 9.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SEVENTH ARTICLE: "From thence He shall come to judge the living and the
      • THE FEAR OF THE JUDGMENT
  17: . Heb., iv. 13.
  18: Prov., xvi. 2.
  19: . Wis., i. 10.
  20: . Jerem. xvii. 9-10.
  21: . Rom., ii. 15-16.
  22: . Isa., xl. 10.
  23: . Wis., v. 21.
  24: . Job, x. 7.
  25: . Ps., cxxxviii. 8.
  26: . Ps., lxxiv. 3.
  27: . Prov., vi. 34-35.
  28: . Isa., xxxiii. 17.
  29: . Apoc., vi. 16.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE SEVENTH ARTICLE: "From thence He shall come to judge the living and the
      • OUR PREPARATION FOR THE JUDGMENT
  30: . Rom., xiii. 3.
  31: . Luke, xvi. 9.
  32: . I Peter, iv. 8.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE EIGHTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Ghost."
  1: . See above, p. 17.
  2: . "So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself" (James, ii. 17).
  3: . Heb., iv. 12.
  4: . "De Trinitate," ix. 1O.
  5: . Rom., v. 5.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE EIGHTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Ghost."
      • TEACHING OF THE NICENE CREED
  6: . "And I believe in the Holy Ghost, (1) the Lord and (2) Life-giver, (3) who proceeds from the[...]
  7: . Heb, i. 14.
  8: . lohn, iv. 24.
  9: . II Cor., iii. 17.
  10: . "Ibid."
  11: . "Cum ipse Deus sit vita animae, sicut anima vita corporis."
  12: . John, vi. 64.
  13: . John, iv. 23.
  14: . Matt., xxviii. 19.
  15: . "The Holy Ghost is equally God with the Father and the Son, equaily omnipoent, eternal, perf[...]
  16: . II Peter, i. 21.
  17: . Isa., xlviii. 16.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE EIGHTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Ghost."
      • BENEFITS FROM THE HOLY GHOST
  18: . Wis., xi. 25.
  19: Div. Nom., IV.
  20: . Ps. ciii. 30.
  21: . Luke, vii. 47.
  22: . Prov., x. 12.
  23: . I Peter, iv. 8.
  24: . John, xiv. 26.
  25: . I John, ii. 27.
  26: . John, xiv. 23.
  27: . Ezech., xxxvi. 26-27.
  28: . Eph., i. 13.
  29: . Rom., viii. 15-16.
  30: . Gal., iv. 6.
  31: . Apoc., ii. 7
  32: . Isa., l. 4.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE NINTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Catholic Church."
  1: . "For as the body is one and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they[...]
  2: . "The word "ecclesia" (church) which is borrowed by the Latins from the Greek has been appli[...]
  3: . Ecclus., li. 31.
  4: . "The distinctive marks of the Church are also to be made known to the faithful that they thu[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE NINTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Catholic Church."
      • THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH
  5: . Cant., vi. 8.
  6: . I Cor., i. 10.
  7: . Eph., iv. 5.
  8: . "Ibid." 4.
  9: . John, xvii. 22.
  10: . Eph., iv. 15-16.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE NINTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Catholic Church."
      • THE HOLINESS OF THE CHURCH
  11: . Ps. xxv. 5.
  12: . I Cor., iii. 17.
  13: . Apoc., i. 5.
  14: . Heb., xiii. 12.
  15: . II Cor., i. 21.
  16: . I Cor., vi. 11.
  17: . Josue, v. 16; cfr. also Gen., xxviii. 16.
  18: . Ps. xcii, 5.
  19: . Jerem., xiv. 9.
  20: . I Cor., iii. 16-17. "It should not be considered surprising that the Church, although among[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE NINTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Catholic Church."
      • THE CATHOLICITY OR UNIVERSALITY OF THE CHURCH
  21: . A sect which existed chiefly in Africa for about a century (311-411).
  22: . Rom., i. 8.
  23: . Mark. xvi. 15.
  24: . Gal., iii. 28.
  25: . Matt., xxviii. 20.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE NINTH ARTICLE: "I Believe in the Holy Catholic Church."
      • THE APOSTOLICITY OF THE CHURCH
  26: . I Cor., iii. 11.
  27: . Apoc., xxi. 14.
  28: . As it is spoken of by Our Lord: "And I say to thee that thou art Peter; and upon this rock I[...]
  29: . That is, enemies of the Church who in one or other ways resisted the authority or teachings [...]
  30: . Matt., xxi. 44.
  31: . Tim., iii. 8.
  32: . Prov., xviii. 10.
  33: . Matt., xvi. 18.
  34: . Luke, xxii. 32.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TENTH ARTICLE: "The Communion of Saints, the Forgiveness of Sins."
  1: . Rom., xii. 5.
  2: . "The evangelist St. John, writing to the faithful on the divine mysteries, tells them that h[...]
  3: . Eph. i. 22.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TENTH ARTICLE: "The Communion of Saints, the Forgiveness of Sins."
      • THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS: A REVIEW
  4: . John iii. 5.
  5: . Rom., vi. 3.
  6: . Immersion is the act of dipping or plunging the subject into the water used in the administra[...]
  7: . Luke, xxiv. 49.
  8: . John, vi. 54
  9: . I Cor., xi. 29.
  10: . Ps. cii. 3.
  11: . James, v. 1 4- 15.
  12: . Cor., iv. 1.
  13: . See the "Explanation of the Sacraments," p. 130; and "The Commandments." p. 99.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TENTH ARTICLE: "The Communion of Saints, the Forgiveness of Sins."
      • THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS
  14: . Baptism and Penance are called Sacraments of the dead, because they take away sin and give t[...]
  15: . "For Our Lord did not give the power of so sacred a ministry to all, but to bishops and prie[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TENTH ARTICLE: "The Communion of Saints, the Forgiveness of Sins."
      • THE COMMUNION OF SAINTS
  16: . Ps. cxviii. 63.
  17: . "But there is also another Communion in the Church which demands attention; every pious and [...]
  18: . "The advantage of so many and such exalted blessings bestowed by Almighty God are especially[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE ELEVENTH ARTICLE: "The Resurrection of the Body."
  1: . Rom., iv. 24.
  2: . I Cor., xv. 21. "In this Article the resurrection of mankind is called 'the resurrection of[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE ELEVENTH ARTICLE: "The Resurrection of the Body."
      • THE BENEFITS OF THE RESURRECTION
  3: . I Thess., iv. 12.
  4: . Heb., ii. 14.
  5: . I Cor., xv. 19.
  6: . John, v. 29



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE ELEVENTH ARTICLE: "The Resurrection of the Body."
      • QUALITIES OF THE RISEN BODIES
  7: . I Cor., xv. 53.
  8: . Job, xix. 26. "The identical body which belongs to each one of us during life shall, though [...]
  9: . I Cor., xv. 53
  10: . Matt., xxii. 30.
  11: . Job. vii. 10. "To omit many other points, the chief difference between the state of all bodi[...]
  12: . I Cor., xv. 52.
  13: . "Not only will the body rise, but it will rise endowed with whatever constitutes the reality[...]
  14: . Eph., iv. 13.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE ELEVENTH ARTICLE: "The Resurrection of the Body."
      • CONDITION OF THE BLESSED
  15: . Matt., xiii. 43. "This brightness is a sort of refulgence reflected from the supreme happin[...]
  16: . I Cor., xv. 43
  17: . Apoc., xxi. 4. "The first is 'impassibility,' which shall place them beyond the reach of pai[...]
  18: . Wis., iii. 7. "Agility, as it is called, is a quality by which the body shall be freed from[...]
  19: . I Cor., xv. 44. "Another quality is that of subtility, a quality which subjects the body to[...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE ELEVENTH ARTICLE: "The Resurrection of the Body."
      • CONDITION OF THE DAMNED
  20: . Isa., xiii. 8.
  21: . "Ibid., lxvi. 24.
  22: . Ps. cxlix. 8.
  23: . Joel, i. 17.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TWELFTH ARTICLE: "Life everlasting. Amen."
  1: . Ps. xlviii. 21.
  2: . Wis., ii. 22-23. Note also: "And though in the sight of men they suffer torments their hope [...]



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TWELFTH ARTICLE: "Life everlasting. Amen."
      • WHAT IS EVERLASTING LIFE?
  3: . Gen., xv. 1.
  4: . I Cor., xiii. 12. "The blessed always see God present, and by this greatest and most exalte[...]
  5: . Isa., xxxi. 9. Note: This second consideration is found in the vives edition Chapter XV [...]
  6: . "Ibi vacabimus, et videbimus: videbimus, et amabimus: amabimus, et laudabimus" ("There we sh[...]
  7: . Isa., li. 3.
  8: . "Confessions," Book I, 1.
  9: . Matt., xxv. 21.
  10: . Ps. xvi. 15.
  11: . Ps. cii. 5.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TWELFTH ARTICLE: "Life everlasting. Amen."
      • THE FULLNESS OF DESIRES
  12: . Job, xxii. 26.
  13: . Ps. xv. 11. "To enumerate all the delights with which the souls of the blessed will be fille[...]
  14: . Apoc., v. 10
  15: . Wis., v. 5. "How distinguished that honor must be which is conferred by God Himself, who no[...]
  16: . Wis.. vii. 11.
  17: . Prov., x. 24.
  18: . Isa., xxxii. 10. This is in the Vives edition, Chapter XV.
  19: . Prov., i. 33.
  20: . Ps. lxxxvi. 7.



  • THE APOSTLES' CREED
    • THE TWELFTH ARTICLE: "Life everlasting. Amen."
      • WHAT IS EVERLASTING DEATH?
  21: . Matt., xxv. 30.
  22: . Ps. xlix. 21.
  23: . Wis., v. 3.
  24: . Ps. xlviii. 15.
  25: . Isa., lxvi. 24.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
  1: . Exod., xx. 2-17, and Deut., v. 6-21.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
      • THE FIRST COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Have Strange Gods Before Me."
  1: . "The Decalogue is the summary and epitome of the entire law of God," is the opinion of St. A[...]
  2: . Ps. xcv. 5
  3: . I Cor., x. 20.
  4: . Wis., xiii. 2.
  5: . Deut., iv. 15, 19.
  6: . Wis., xiii. 2.
  7: . Eph., v. 5.
  8: . Wis., xiv. 15.
  9: . "Ibid.," 17.
  10: . Matt., x. 37.
  11: . Ps. cxlv. 3.
  12: . Ezech., xxviii. 2.
  13: . Phil., iii. 19.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
      • WHY WE SHOULD ADORE ONE GOD
  14: . Rom., i. 23.
  15: . Isa., xlii. 8.
  16: . "Ibid.," xli. 23.
  17: . Heb., iv. 13.
  18: . Isa., viii. 19.
  19: . Ps. ciii. 28.
  20: . Osee, ii. 5.
  21: . Ps. xxxix. 5.
  22: . Gal., iv. 9, 10.
  23: . Heb., x. 28-29.
  24: . Rom., vii. 3.
  25: . III Kings, xviii. 21.
  26: . Jerem., xvi. 13.
  27: . John, viii.
  28: . "Super Ezech.," xi.
  29: . Matt., xi. 30.
  30: . Rom., vi. 19.
  31: . Wis., v. 7.
  32: . Jerem., ix. 5.
  33: . Matt., xxii, 30.
  34: . John, vi. 69. "The faithful should continually remember these words, 'I am the Lord thy God.[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • SECOND COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Take the Name of the Lord Thy God in
  1: . "He who requires that honor be paid Him, also demands that we speak of Him with reverence, a[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • SECOND COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Take the Name of the Lord Thy God in
      • THE MEANING OF IN VAIN
  2: . Ps. xi. 3.
  3: . Zach, viii. 17.
  4: . "Ibid.," xiii. 3.
  5: . Heb., iv. 13.
  6: . Ps. v. 7.
  7: . Heb., vi. 16.
  8: . Ps. xciii. 11.
  9: . Deut., v. 11.
  10: . Matt., v. 33-34.
  11: . James, iii. 8.
  12: . Matt., v. 34, 37. "It cannot be stated that these words condemn oaths universally and under[...]
  13: . Matt., v. 37.
  14: . Ecclus., xxiii. 9, 10.
  15: . Ps. iv. 3.
  16: . Mark, vi.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • SECOND COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Take the Name of the Lord Thy God in
      • CONDITIONS OF A LAWFUL OATH
  17: . Jerem., iv. 2. Although to constitute an oath it is sufficient to call God to witness, yet [...]
  18: . Wis., xiii. 1.
  19: . Levit., xxiv. 16.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • SECOND COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Take the Name of the Lord Thy God in
      • TAKING GOD'S NAME JUSTLY
  20: . Deut., vi. 13.
  21: . Exod., xxiii. 13.
  22: . Cor., i. 23.
  23: . I Cor., vi. 11.
  24: . Jerem., xiv. 9.
  25: . Isa., iv. 1.
  26: . Rom., x. 14.
  27: . "Ibid.," 13.
  28: . Isa., xliii. 7.
  29: . Matt., v. 16.
  30: . Rom., ii. 24.
  31: . Prov., xviii. 10.
  32: . Mark, xvi. 17.
  33: . Acts, iv. 12.
  34: . Col., iii. 17.
  35: . Ps. cxxiii. 8.
  36: . Eccles., v. 3.
  37: . Ps. lxxv. 12.
  38: . Eccles., v. 3.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE THIRD COMMANDMENT: "Remember that You Keep Holy the Sabbath Day."
  1: . St. Thomas also treats of this Commandment in the "Summa Theologica," I- ll Q. cii, art. 4, 1[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE THIRD COMMANDMENT: "Remember that You Keep Holy the Sabbath Day."
      • REASONS FOR THIS COMMANDMENT
  2: . II Peter, iii. 3-5.
  3: . Gal., vi. 15.
  4: . Rom., vi. 4-5.
  5: . "The Apostles, therefore, resolved to consecrate the first of the seven days of the week to [...]
  6: . Ps. xv. 9.
  7: . "Ibid.," 10.
  8: . Isa., xiv. 3.
  9: . "Ibid.," xxxii. 18.
  10: . Matt., xi. 28-30.
  11: . Ecclus., li. 35.
  12: . Wis., ix. 15.
  13: . Ps. xxxiii. 2.
  14: . I Thess., v. 17.
  15: . Ps. cxviii. 164.
  16: . Isa., lviii. 13-14.
  17: . Job xxii. 26.
  18: . This is a reference to the great public spectacles and games.
  19: . Deut., v. 12-14.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE THIRD COMMANDMENT: "Remember that You Keep Holy the Sabbath Day."
      • FROM WHAT WE SHOULD ABSTAIN ON THE SABBATH
  20: . I Cor., vi. 11.
  21: . Jerem., xvii. 22.
  22: . Levit., xxiii. 25.
  23: . John, vii. 22-23.
  24: . Jerem., xviii. 21.
  25: . Ps. xxxvii. 5.
  26: . John, viii. 34.
  27: . Levit., iii. 25.
  28: . St. Thomas' comparison of sin and servile work follows from the words: "Whosoever committeth [...]
  29: . This refers to the celebration and special sacrifices offered on the first day of the month.[...]
  30: . Isa., i. 13.
  31: . Ecclus., xxxiii. 29.
  32: . "Ep. ad Rusticum."
  33: . Ps. xcviii. 4.
  34: . I Mach, ii. 31-38.
  35: . Lam., i. 7.
  36: . I Mach., ii. 41.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE THIRD COMMANDMENT: "Remember that You Keep Holy the Sabbath Day."
      • WITH WHAT THE SABBATH AND FEASTS SHOULD BE OCCUPIED
  37: . For the Catholic, of course, the great Sacrifice is that of the Mass. And we are bound to as[...]
  38: . I Paral., xxix. 14.
  39: . Ps. l. 19.
  40: . Ps. cxl. 2.
  41: . St. Thomas here refers not to the "fast of affliction" ("jejunium afflictionis") but to the [...]
  42: Rom., xii. 1.
  43: . Ps. xlix. 23.
  44: . Heb., xiii. 16.
  45: . II Esdras, viii. 10.
  46: . Acts, xiii. 27.
  47: . John, viii. 47.
  48: . Eph., iv. 29.
  49: . Jerem., xxiii. 29.
  50: . I Cor., xv. 33.
  51: . Ps. cxviii. 11.
  52: . "Ibid.," 105.
  53: . Ps. civ. 19.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE THIRD COMMANDMENT: "Remember that You Keep Holy the Sabbath Day."
      • THE SPIRITUAL SABBATH
  54: . "The spiritual Sabbath consists in a holy and mystical rest wherein, the carnal man (vetus h[...]
  55: . Ps. xxxiii. 9.
  56: . Ps. xxx. 3.
  57: . Heb., iv. 9-10.
  58: . Wis., viii. 16.
  59: . Isa., lvii. 20.
  60: . Gal., v. 17.
  61: . Luke, x. 41.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE THIRD COMMANDMENT: "Remember that You Keep Holy the Sabbath Day."
      • THE HEAVENLY SABBATH
  62: . "The heavenly Sabbalh, as St. Cyril observes on the words of St. Paul, 'There remaineth ther[...]
  63: . Isa., lviii. 13-14.
  64: . Matt., xiii. 44-46.
  65: . Ps. cxxxi. 14.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT: "Honor thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest
  1: . Exod., xx. 12; Deut., v. 16.
  2: . I John, iii. 18.
  3: . I Tim., v. 8.
  4: . St. Thomas also treats of the Fourth Commandment in "Summa Theol.," II- II, QQ. cxxii, ci. [...]
  5: . Aristotle, "Ethics."
  6: . Ecclus., vii. 29-30.
  7: . Heb., xii. 9.
  8: . Ecclus., vii. 25.
  9: . Prov. xxii. 6.
  10: . Lam., iii. 27.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT: "Honor thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest
      • WHAT CHILDREN OWE PARENTS
  11: . Ecclus. iii. 10.
  12: . "Ibid.," 13.
  13: . "Ibid.," 14, 15, 18.
  14: . Epist., lib. II.
  15: . Col., iii. 20.
  16: . "Ad Heliod."
  17: . Luke, xiv. 26.
  18: . Deut., xxxii. 6.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT: "Honor thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest
      • REWARDS FOR KEEPING THIS COMMANDMENT
  19: . Ecclus., iii. 9-10.
  20: . Deut., xxvii. 16.
  21: . Luke, xvi. 10.
  22: . Ecclus., iii. 7.
  23: . Wis., iv. 13.
  24: . Prov., xxx. 17.
  25: . Ecclus., xxxiii. 20.
  26: . "Ibid.," iii. 6.
  27: . Matt., vii. 2.
  28: . Ecclus., iii. 13.
  29: . "Ibid.," 18.
  30: . "Ibid.," 11.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT: "Honor thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest
      • THE DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS OF FATHER
  31: . I Cor., iv. 15.
  32: . Ecclus., xliv. 1.
  33: . Heb., xiii. 7.
  34: . Luke, x. 16.
  35: . Heb., xiii. 17.
  36: . Prov., iii. 9.
  37: . IV Kings, v. 13.
  38: . Rom., xiii. 1.
  39: . "Ibid.," 7
  40: . "Ibid."
  41: . Prov., xxiv. 21.
  42: . Ecclus., iv. 10.
  43: . "Ibid.," xxix. 19.
  44: . Wis., xvi. 29.
  45: . Deut., xxxii. 7.
  46: . Lev., xix. 32.
  47: . Ecclus., xxxii. 13.
  48: . "Ibid.," 9.
  49: . Luke, x. 16.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Kill."
      • THE SIN OF KILLING
  1: . St. Thomas also treats of this Commandment in "Summa Theol.," II-II, Q. lxix. art. 2, 3; Q. [...]
  2: . Gen., ix. 3
  3: . Aristotle, "Politics," I.
  4: . I Cor., x. 25.
  5: . Deut., xxxii. 39.
  6: . Prov., viii. 15.
  7: . Rom., xiii. 4.
  8: . Exod., xxii. 18.
  9: . Rom. vi. 23.
  10: . Killing in a just war and killing by accident are among the other exceptions to this Command[...]
  11: . Book I, xxvii.
  12: . "Ibid."
  13: . - "It is not lawful to take one-s own life. No man possesses such power over his own life as[...]
  14: . Isa., i. 15.
  15: . John, iii. 15.
  16: . Ecclus., xiii. 19.
  17: . Exod., xxi. 12.
  18: . "De Animal.," IV.
  19: . Ps. lvi. 5.
  20: . Prov., i. 15-16.
  21: . Rom., i. 32.
  22: . Prov., xxiv. 11.
  23: . John, viii. 44.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Kill."
      • THE SIN OF ANGER
  24: . II Cor., ix. 6.
  25: . Isa., i. 19.
  26: . Matt., v. 21-22.
  27: . Exod., xxi. 14. "The Gospel has taught us that it is unlawful even to be angry with anyone. [...]
  28: . James, i. 19.
  29: . Mic., vii. 9.
  30: . Prov., xxvii. 4.
  31: . "Ibid.," 3.
  32: . Ps. iv. 5.
  33: . Eph., iv. 26.
  34: . Matt., v. 25, 26.
  35: . I John, iii. 15.
  36: . "Epist.," cxi.
  37: . Prov., xv. 18.
  38: . Gen., xlix. 7.
  39: . Prov., xii. 16.
  40: . Matt., v. 22.
  41: . "Ibid."
  42: . Prov., xv. 1.
  43: . James, i. 20.
  44: . Prov., xxvii. 4.
  45: . Gen., xlix. 6.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Commit Adultery."
  1: . Gen., ii. 24.
  2: . "The bond between husband and wife is one of the strictest union, and nothing can be more gr[...]
  4: . Matt., xix. 6.
  5: .  Mal., ii. 14.
  6: . Cor., vii. 4.
  7: . Prov., ii. 17-18.
  8: . I Cor., vii. 4.
  9: . I Peter, iii. 7.
  10: . I Cor., xiv. 34-35.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Commit Adultery."
      • WHY ADULTERY AND FORNICATION MUST BE AVOIDED
  11: . Heb., xiii. 4.
  12: . I Cor., vi. 9.
  13: . I Cor., vi. 15.
  14: . "By the prohibition of adultery, every kind of impurity and immodesty by which the body is d[...]
  15: . Heb., xiii. 4.
  16: . Prov., vi. 32.
  17: . Luke, xv. 13.
  18: . Ecclus., ix. 6.
  19: . Wis., iii. 16-17.
  20: . I Cor., vii. 14.
  21: . Ecclus., ix. 10.
  22: . Prov., vi. 33.
  23: . Ps.xlviii. 21. "If the occasions of sin which we have just enumerated [viz., idleness, intem[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Steal."
  1: . St. Thomas also treats of this Commandment in the "Summa Theol.," II-II, Q. cxxii, Art. 6. [...]
  2: . Matt., xxiv. 43.
  3: . Ecclus., v. 17.
  4: . Job, xxiv. 9.
  5: . Soph., iii. 3.
  6: . Prov., viii. 15.
  7: . Isa., i. 23.
  8: . "Ibid.," x. 1.
  9: . "The City of God," IV, 4. "It must be seen that the word 'steal' is understood not only of [...]
  10: . Lev., xix. 13.
  11: . Rom., xiii. 7.
  12: . Deut., xxv. 13.
  13: . Lev., xix. 35-36.
  14: . Ps. xiv. 1, 5.
  15: . Job, xx. 15.
  16: . John, x. 1.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Steal."
      • WHY STEALING MUST BE AVOIDED
  18: . Ecclus., xxxiv. 25.
  19: . "Ibid.," 27.
  20: . Hab., ii. 6.
  21: . "The possession of other men's property is called 'thick clay' by the prophet because it is [...]
  22: . Prov., x. 2.
  23: . "Ibid.," xiii. 8.
  24: . Isa., lxi. 8.
  25: . Ecclus., xxxiv. 24.
  26: . Job, xv. 34.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Bear False Witness Against Thy
  1: . St. Thomas also treats of this Commandment in the "Summa Theol.," II-II, Q. cxxii, art. 6. [...]
  2: . "The Commandment specially prohibits that species of false testimony which is given on oath [...]
  3: . Lev., xix. 16.
  4: . Matt., xviii. 15.
  5: . Prov., xix. 5.
  6: . Deut., xix. 18-21.
  7: . Prov., xxv. 18.
  8: . Lev., xix. 15. "This Commandment prohibits deceit, lying, and perjury on the part of witnes[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Bear False Witness Against Thy
      • WAYS OF VIOLATING THIS COMMANDMENT
  9: . Rom., i. 30.
  10: . Prov., xxii. 1.
  11: . Eccles., x. 11.
  12: . Ecclus., xxviii. 28.
  13: . Prov., xxv. 23. "This Commandment not only forbids false testimony, but also the abominable [...]
  14: . Prov., vi. 16, 19.
  15: . Ps. ix. 24
  16: . Isa., iii. 12. "Flatterers and sycophants are among those who violate this Commandment, for [...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Bear False Witness Against Thy
      • SPECIAL EFFECTS OF TELLING LIES
  17: . Ecclus, vii. 14.
  18: . Matt., xxvi. 73.
  19: . John, viii. 44.
  20: . Gen. iii. 4.
  21: . Eph., iv. 25.
  22: . Ecclus., xxxiv. 4.
  23: . Wis., i. 11.
  24: . Ps. v. 7.
  25: . II Peter, ii. 1.
  26: . Col., iii. 9.
  27: . Job, xiii. 7.
  28: . Ecclus., xix.
  29: . "Ibid.," iv. 30.
  30: . Isa., xxviii. 15.
  31: . Prov., x. 4.
  32: . Eccles., iv. 26.
  33: . Wis., iv. 12.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE NINTH (TENTH) COMMANDMENT: "Thou shalt Not Covet Thy Neighbor's
  1: . St. Thomas places the Tenth Commandment (in the present traditional enumeration) before the [...]
  2: . Ps. lxxii. 26.
  3: . I Kings, xvi. 7.
  4: . Eccles., v. 9.
  5: . "Confessions," I.
  6: . Ps. cii. 5.
  7: . Eccles., v. 11.
  8: . Matt. vi. 21.
  9: . Luke viii. 14.
  10: . Ecclus., xiv. 3.
  11: . Exod., xxiii. 8.
  12: . Ecclus., xxxi. 5.
  13: . "Ibid.," vii. 20.
  14: . Matt., vi. 24.
  15: . I Tim., vi. 9, 10.
  16: . "Another reason for these two Commandments is that they clearly and in definite terms forbid[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE TENTH (NINTH) COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Covet Thy Neighbor's Wife."
  1: . John, ii. 16.
  2: . The text of Exodus xx. 17, which contains the Ninth and Tenth Commandments, reads as follows[...]
  3: . Ps. cxi. 3.
  4: . "He [the pastor] will show how these two Commandments are dissimilar; how one covetousness l[...]
  5: . "Concupiscence, the fuel of sin, which originated in sin, is always present in our fallen na[...]
  6: . Rom., vii. 18.
  7: . "lbid.," vi. 12.
  8: . Matt., v. 28.
  9: . Matt., xii. 34.
  10: . Eph., iv. 29.
  11: . Rom., vi. 19.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
    • THE TENTH (NINTH) COMMANDMENT: "Thou Shalt Not Covet Thy Neighbor's Wife."
      • WAYS TO OVERCOME CONCUPISCENCE
  12: . Ecclus., ix. 5-9.
  13: . Prov., vi. 27.
  14: . Gen., xix. 17.
  15: . Cor., ix. 27.
  16: . Ps. cxxvi. 1.
  17: . Wis., viii. 21.
  18: . Matt., xvii. 20.
  19: . Ecclus., xxxiii. 29.
  20: . Ezech., xvi. 49.
  21: . "Ad Paulin."



  • The Sacraments of the Church
  1: . "Sacramentum est sacrum signum." This is slightly different in the passage quoted in "The City of [...]
  2: . Gal., iv. 9. 
  3: . "A Sacrament, therefore, is clearly understood to be numbered amongst those things which have been[...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • The spiritual and the physical life: an analogy
  4: . John, iii. 5. 
  5: . Luke, xxiv. 49. 
  6: . John, vi. 54. 
  7: . Ps. xl. 5. 
  8: . James, v. 14. 
  9: . "Why there are neither more nor less [than seven Sacraments] may be shown at least with some degre[...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • The seven sacraments in general
  10: . "In Joan.," Tract. LXXX, 3. 
  11: . "It should be explained that the pastor will inform the faithful that the 'sensible thing' which e[...]
  12: . Wis., i. 5. 
  13: . "This character has a twofold effect. It qualifies us to receive or perform a sacred act, and dist[...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Baptism
  14: . The priest is the ordinary minister of Baptism. In case of necessity, however, anyone who observes[...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Baptism
      • Errors concerning baptism
  15: . John. iii. 5 
  16: . Eph., iv. 5. 
  17: . John. i. 33.



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Baptism
      • Confirmation
  18: . "Amen" is omitted in the Roman Pontifical. 
  19: . The ordinary minister of Confirmation in the Latin Church is the bishop. In virtue of canon 782, #[...]
  20: . A priest of the Latin Rite who has a special indult granted by the Holy See may confirm Catholics [...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • The holy Eucharist
      • The effect of the Eucharist
  21: . "Hence it also follows that Christ is so contained, whole and entire, under either species that, a[...]
  22: . John. vi. 57. 
  23: . "Those who receive this Sacrament piously and fervently must, without any doubt, so receive the So[...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • The holy Eucharist
      • Errors concerning the Eucharist
  24: . John, vi. 56. 
  25: . Ps. cv. 39. 
  26: . Prov., ix. 5.



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Penance
  27: . 51. Thomas uses here the words: "quasi materia." The "Roman Catechism" ("Penance," 13) follows thi[...]
  28: . "A knowledge of it [the form of Penance] will excite the faithful to receive the grace of this Sac[...]
  29: . Apoc., ii. 5.



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Extreme unction
  30: . Anointing of the feet may now be omitted (Canon 947). 
  31: . "This Sacrament imparts grace which remits sins, especially lighter sins or venial sins; for morta[...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Holy Orders
  32: . "That the number of ministers was wisely established, is proved by considering the various offices[...]



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Matrimony
  33: . "This means that the consent is the effective cause of marriage, . . . because without the consent[...]
  34: . Cor., vii. 28. 
  35: . Heb., xiii. 4.



  • The Sacraments of the Church
    • Seven gifts of Eternal Glory
  36: . I John, iii. 2. 
  37: . I Cor., ix. 24. 
  38: . Job, xxii. 26. 
  39: . For another description of these gifts, see above, p. 61. 
  40: . I Cor., xv. 53 
  41: . Matt., xiii. 43. 
  42: . Wis., iii. 7 
  43: . I Cor., xv. 14.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
  1: . Heb., iv. 16.
  2: . James, i. 6.
  3: . Col., ii. 3.
  4: . I John, ii. 1.
  5: . "De oratione dominica."
  6: . Ps. xc. 15.
  7: . "Ibid."
  8: . "Enchir., lxxviii.
  9: . "De fide orthodoxa," III, c. 24.
  10: . James, iv. 3.
  11: . Rom., viii. 26.
  12: . Luke, xi. 1.
  13: . "Ad Probam," Epist. cxxx.
  14: . Matt., vi. 33.
  15: . Ps. lxii. 5.
  16: . Matt., vi. 7.
  17: . "Loc. cit."
  18: . Ps. ci. 18.
  19: . Jud., ix. 16.
  20: . Ps. xxxi. 5.
  21: . Luke, xxiii. 43.
  22: . Ibid., xviii. 14.
  23: . James, v. 13.
  24: . Ps. xviii. 4.
  25: . Mark, xi. 24.
  26: . Luke, xviii. 1.
  27: . II Cor., xii. 7.
  28: . Ps. cxi. 2.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE OPENING WORDS OF THE LORD'S PRAYER
      • PREPARATION FOR THE PETITIONS
  1: . Deut., xxxii. 6. "The first word which, by the command and institution of Our Lord, we say in thi[...]
  2: . Wis. xiv. 3.
  3: . "Ibid.," xii. 18.
  4: . Rom., viii. 17.
  5: . "Ibid.," 15.
  6: . Mal., i. 6.
  7: . Ps. xxix. 13.
  8: . Isa., xxix. 13.
  9: . I Cor., vi. 20.
  10: . Ps. xcviii. 3.
  11: . Jerem., iii. 19.
  12: . Eph., v. 1.
  13: . Luke, vi. 36.
  14: . Matt., v. 48.
  15: . Heb., xii. 9.
  16: . Exod., xxiv. 7.
  17: . Phil., ii. 8.
  18: . II Kings, vi. 21.
  19: . Prov., iii. 11-12.
  20: . I John, iv. 20. "When we call upon the Father, invoking Him as our Father, we are to understand [...]
  21: . Mal., ii. 10.
  22: . Rom., xii. 10.
  23: . Heb., v. 9.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE OPENING WORDS OF THE LORD'S PRAYER
      • THE PREEMINENCE OF GOD
  24: . James, i. 6.
  25: . Luke, ii. 13.
  26: . Ps. cxxii. 1.
  27: . Ecclus., xviii. 23.
  28: . Matt., v. 12.
  29: . I Cor., xv. 49.
  30: . Matt., vi. 21.
  31: . Phil., iii. 20.
  32: . Colos., iii. 1.
  33: . Jerem., xiv. 9.
  34: . Ps. xvii. 2.
  35: . Eph., iii. 17.
  36: . I John, iv. 16.
  37: . John, xiv. 23. "And . . . with him" in Vives ed., omitted in Parma ed.
  38: . III Kings, viii. 27.
  39: . Ps. ci. 20.
  40: . Ps. cii. 19.
  41: . Ps. ci. 13.
  42: . "Ibid.," 28.
  43: . Ps. lxxxviii. 30.
  44: . Aristotle, "De Coelo," 1.
  45: . Jerem., xxiii. 24.
  46: . Ps. cii. 19.
  47: . Job. xxxvi. 26.
  48: . Ps. cxii. 4
  49: . Isa., xl. 18.
  50: . Job, xxii. 14.
  51: . Ps. cxliv. 18.
  52: Matt., vi. 6.
  53: Job, v. 1.
  54: . James, v. 16.
  55: . Col., iii. 1.
  56: . I Pet., i. 4.
  57: . I Cor., xv. 48.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIRST PETITION: "Hallowed Be Thy Name."
  1: . Mark, xiv. 17-18.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIRST PETITION: "Hallowed Be Thy Name."
      • GOD'S NAME IS LOVABLE
  2: . Acts. iv. 12.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIRST PETITION: "Hallowed Be Thy Name."
      • GOD'S NAME IS VENERABLE
  3: . Phil., ii. 10.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIRST PETITION: "Hallowed Be Thy Name."
      • GOD'S NAME IS INEFFABLE
  4: . Matt., xvi. 18.
  5: . Deut., iv. 24.
  6: . Ps. xvii. 29.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIRST PETITION: "Hallowed Be Thy Name."
      • MEANING OF HALLOWED
  7: . "Confessions," II, x.
  8: . Phil., iii. 8.
  9: . Gen., iii. 18.
  10: . Gen., i. 2.
  11: . Ps. cxxxv. 6.
  12: . Ps. cxlii. 6.
  13: . Apoc., vii. 14.
  14: . "Ibid.," i. 5.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE SECOND PETITION: "Thy Kingdom Come."
  1: . Tit., ii. 12.
  2: . Dan., vii. 14.
  3: . I Cor., xv. 25.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE SECOND PETITION: "Thy Kingdom Come."
      • WHY WE PRAY THUS
  4: . Ps. cix. 1.
  5: . Amos, v. 18.
  6: . "Since . . . Kingdom" in Vives edition; not in Parma.
  7: . I Cor., xv. 26.
  8: . Isa., xxv. 8. This is in Vives edition: not in Parma.
  9: . Phil., iii. 21.
  10: . I Tim., ii. 4.
  11: . Matt, xiii. 41.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE SECOND PETITION: "Thy Kingdom Come."
      • WHY WE DESIRE THIS KINGDOM
  12: . Isa., lx. 21.
  13: . Rom., viii, 21.
  14: . Apoc., v. 10.
  15: . Isa., xxviii. 5.
  16: . "Ibid.," lxiv. 4.
  17: . Ps. cii. 5.
  18: . Isa., lxvi. 14.
  19: . "Ibid.," xxxv. 10. These two citations in Vives edition are omitted in Parma.
  20: . "Confessions," II, 6.
  21: . Rom., vi. 12.
  22: . Matt., v. 4
  23: . "Ibid.," xi. 29. "Finally, we pray that God alone may live, alone may reign, within us, that dea[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE THIRD PETITION: "Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven."
  1: . Ps. cxviii. 66.
  2: . Prov. iii. 5.
  3: . "Ibid.," xxvi. 12.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE THIRD PETITION: "Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven."
      • THE WILL OF GOD
  4: . "Ibid.," xi. 2.
  5: . John, vi. 38.
  6: . "Now, this is what we implore when we address lhese words to God: 'Thy will be done.' We have fal[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE THIRD PETITION: "Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven."
      • WHAT DOES GOD WILL?
  7: . Ps. clxxiv. 6.
  8: . Ps. lxxxviii. 48.
  9: . John, vi. 10.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE THIRD PETITION: "Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven."
      • THE COMMANDMENTS: GOD'S WILL
  10: . Matt., xix. 17.
  11: . Rom., xii. 1-2.
  12: . Isa., xlviii. 11.
  13: . Ps. xcvi. 11.
  14: . Matt., v. 48.
  15: . "When, therefore, we pray, 'Thy will be done,' we first of all ask our Heavenly Father to enable [...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE THIRD PETITION: "Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven."
      • LET THY WILL BE DONE
  16: . "Super Verbum Apost.," XV.
  17: . Zach., i. 3
  18: . I Cor., xv. 10.
  19: . Rom., vii. 23.
  20: . Gal., v. 17.
  21: . Thess., iv. 3.
  22: . I Cor., xv. 44.
  23: . "When we say, 'Thy will be done,' we expressly detest the works of the flesh, of which the Apost[...]
  24: . Matt., v. 5.
  25: . Ps. cxix. 5.
  26: . II Cor., v. 8.
  27: . Ps. cxxv. 6.
  28: . Ps. vi. 7.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FOURTH PETITION "Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread."
  1: . Isa., xl. 29.
  2: . Ezech., ii. 2.
  3: . "The fourth and following petitions, in which we particularly and expressly pray for the necessar[...]
  4: . Ecclus., xxix. 27.
  5: . I Tim., vi. 8. "We also ask 'our daily bread,' that is, necessary sustenance, and under the name[...]
  6: . "Epistle" cliii, in Migne, P.L., XXXIII, 662.
  7: . Prov., iv. 17.
  8: . "Ibid.," xxx. 8.
  9: . "We also call it 'our daily bread,' because we use it to regain the vital energy that is daily co[...]
  10: . Prov., xxiii. 21.
  11: . Ecclus., xix. 1.
  12: . I Paral., xxix. 14.
  13: . Eccles., vi. 1-2.
  14: . "Ibid., v. 12.
  15: . Job. xx. 14-15
  16: . Matt., vi. 31.
  17: . John, vi. 51.
  18: . I Cor., xi. 29. "But Christ our Lord, substantially present in the Sacrament of the Eucharist, i[...]
  19: . Matt., iv. 4.
  20: . "It remains to speak of that spiritual bread which also is the object of this petition of the Lo[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIFTH PETITION: "And Forgive Us Our Trespasses As We Forgive Those Who Trespass Against Us."
  1: . Prov., xx. 18.
  2: . Dan., iv. 24.
  3: . "In this petition we find a new manner of prayer. In the other petitions we asked of God not onl[...]
  4: . Literally, our debts; that is, the difference between what we ought to give God and actually do [...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIFTH PETITION: "And Forgive Us Our Trespasses As We Forgive Those Who Trespass Against Us."
      • WHY DO WE MAKE THIS PETITION?
  5: . "De Natura et gratia," XXXVI.
  6: . I John, i. 8.
  7: . Eph., iv. 19.
  8: . Matt., xviii. 32.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIFTH PETITION: "And Forgive Us Our Trespasses As We Forgive Those Who Trespass Against Us."
      • THE FULFILLMENT OF THIS PETITION
  9: . Ps. xxxi. 5.
  10: . See Editor's Note in English Translation of "Summa Theologica Supplement," Q. xviii, art. 1, whi[...]
  11: . The effects of the Sacrament of Penance are: (1) sanctifying grace is imparted whereby the guilt[...]
  12: . See footnote above.
  13: . An indulgence is a remission of that temporal punishment which, even after the sin is forgiven, [...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE FIFTH PETITION: "And Forgive Us Our Trespasses As We Forgive Those Who Trespass Against Us."
      • WHAT MUST WE DO?
  14: . Ecclus., xxviii. 3.
  15: . Luke, vi. 37.
  16: . "Nor do we say 'forgive me,' but 'forgive us,' because the brotherly relationship and charity whi[...]
  17: . Ps. xxxiii. 15.
  18: . Ecclus., xxviii. 2.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE SIXTH PETITION: "And Lead Us Not Into Temptation."
  1: . Isa., i. 16.
  2: . "We should implore the divine assistance in general under all temptations, and especially when we[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE SIXTH PETITION: "And Lead Us Not Into Temptation."
      • WHAT IS TEMPTATION?
  3: . Ps. xxxiii. 15.
  4: . Gen., xxii: Job, i.
  5: . Deut., xiii. 3.
  6: . James, i. 13.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • THE SIXTH PETITION: "And Lead Us Not Into Temptation."
      • HOW IS ONE TEMPTED?
  7: . "Ibid.," i. 14.
  8: . Wis., ix. 15.
  9: . Rom., vii. 22-23.
  10: . Matt., xxvi. 41.
  11: . Eph., vi. 12.
  12: . I Thess., iii. 5.
  13: . I Peter, v. 8.
  14: . Cor., xi. 14.
  15: . Tim., vi. 10.
  16: . Job, xxxvii. 19.
  17: . II Tim., iii. 12.
  18: . Matt., x. 28.
  19: . James, i. 2.
  20: . Ecclus. ii. I .
  21: . James., 12.
  22: . I Cor., x. 13.
  23: . Ps. lxx. 9.
  24: . Cant., viii. 7.
  25: . Aristotle, "Ethics." III, 1.
  26: . Ps. xxxi. 8.
  27: . Ps. xii. 4-5.
  28: . Matt., v. 8.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • SEVENTH PETITION: "But Deliver Us from Evil. Amen."
  1: . "Our Lord Himself made use of this petition when on the eve of His passion He prayed to God His [...]
  2: . II Tim., iii. 12.
  3: . Apoc., iii. 8.
  4: . Job, v. 19.
  5: . Apoc., vii. 16.
  6: . II Cor., i. 8.
  7: . "Ibid.," vii. 6.
  8: . Ps. xciii. 19.
  9: . Tob., iii. 22.
  10: . II Cor., iv. 17.
  11: . Rom., v. 3.
  12: . Tob., iii. 13.



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • SEVENTH PETITION: "But Deliver Us from Evil. Amen."
      • THE VALUE OF PATIENCE
  13: . Prov., xix. 11.
  14: . Matt., v. 9
  15: . 'The word 'Amen' which brings the Lord's Prayer to a close contains, as it were, the germs of ma[...]



  • EXPLANATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER - FIVE QUALITIES OF PRAYER
    • A SHORT EXPLANATION OF THE WHOLE PRAYER
  16: . Matt., vi. 33.
  17: . Job, xxxv. 6, 7.



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • THE ANGELIC SALUTATION
  1: . Luke i. 28.
  2: . "Ibid.," 42.
  3: . The Hail Mary or Angelical Salutation or Ave Maria in the time of St. Thomas consisted only of the[...]



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • THE ANGEL'S DIGNITY
  4: . Ps. ciii. 4. 
  5: . Gen., xviii. 27. 
  6: . Dan. vii. 10. 
  7: . Ps. liv. 8. 
  8: . Job, xxv. 3. 



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • "FULL OF GRACE"
  9: . Cant., iv. 7.
  10: . I John, i. 8.
  11: . "De natura et gratia," c. xxxvi. Elsewhere St. Thomas says: "In the Angelic Salutation is shown fo[...]



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • VIRTUES OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN
  12: . St. Thomas wrote before the solemn definition of the Immaculate conception by the Church and at a [...]
  13: . Luke, i. 38.
  14: . "Ibid.," 48.
  15: . "Ibid.," 34.
  16: . "Ibid.," 35.



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • MARY, HELP OF CHRISTIANS
  17: . Cant., iv. 4.
  18: . Eccl., xxiv. 25.
  19: . Isa., lviii. 11.
  20: . "The Blessed Virgin Mary obtained such a plenitude of grace that she was closest of all creatures [...]



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • "THE LORD IS WITH THEE"
  21: . Luke. i. 35
  22: . Isa., xii. 6.
  23: . Antiphon from the Little Office of Blessed Virgin.
  24: . Luke. i. 35
  25: . "Totius Trinitatis nobile Triclinium."



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • "BLESSED ART THOU AMONG WOMEN"
  26: . Isa., xxxv. 2.
  27: . I Cor., vii. 34.
  28: . Ps. cxxxi. 8.



  • THE HAIL MARY
    • "BLESSED IS THE FRUIT OF THY WOMB"
  29: . Prov., xiii. 22.
  30: . Here St. Thomas compares the fruit of the forbidden tree for Eve with the Fruit of Mary's womb for[...]
  31: . Gen., iii 5
  32: . John, viii. 44.
  33: . I John, iii. 2.
  34: . John, vi. 55.
  35: . Ps. xliv. 3.
  36: . Eph., i. 3.
  37: . Apoc., vii. 12.
  38: . Phil., ii. 11.
  39: . Ps. cxvii. 26.



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