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St. Thomas Aquinas
Catechetical Instructions

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The sinner often seeks for something which he does not find; but to the 
just man it is given to find what he seeks: "The substance of the sinner is 
kept for the just."29 Thus, Eve sought the fruit of the tree (of good and 
evil), but she did not find in it that which she sought. Everything Eve 
desired, however, was given to the Blessed Virgin.30 Eve sought that which 
the devil falsely promised her, namely, that she and Adam would be as gods, 
knowing good and evil. "You shall be," says this liar, "as gods."31 But he 
lied, because "he is a liar and the father of lies."32 Eve was not made 
like God after having eaten of the fruit, but rather she was unlike God in 
that by her sin she withdrew from God and was driven out of paradise. The 
Blessed Virgin, however, and all Christians found in the Fruit of her womb 
Him whereby we are all united to God and are made like to Him: "When He 
shall appear, we shall be like to Him, because we shall see Him as He 
Eve looked for pleasure in the fruit of the tree because it was good to 
eat. But she did not find this pleasure in it, and, on the contrary, she at 
once discovered she was naked and was stricken with sorrow. In the Fruit of 
the Blessed Virgin we find sweetness and salvation: "He that eateth My 
flesh . . . hath eternal life."34
The fruit which Eve desired was beautiful to look upon, but that Fruit of 
the Blessed Virgin is far more beautiful, for the Angels desire to look 
upon Him: "Thou art beautiful above the sons of men."35 He is the splendor 
of the glory of the Father. Eve, therefore, looked in vain for that which 
she sought in the fruit of the tree, just as the sinner is disappointed in 
his sins. We must seek in the Fruit of the womb of the Virgin Mary 
whatsoever we desire. This is He who is the Fruit blessed by God, who has 
filled Him with every grace, which in turn is poured out upon us who adore 
Him: "Blessed be God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath 
blessed us with spiritual blessings in Christ."36 He, too, is revered by 
the Angels: "Benediction and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving, honor and 
power and strength, to our God."37 And He is glorified by men: "Every 
tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the 
Father."38 The Blessed Virgin is indeed blessed, but far more blessed is 
the Fruit of her womb: "Blessed is He who cometh in the name of the 

. Prov., xiii. 22.

. Here St. Thomas compares the fruit of the forbidden tree for Eve with 
the Fruit of Mary's womb for all Christians.

. Gen., iii 5

. John, viii. 44.

. I John, iii. 2.

. John, vi. 55.

. Ps. xliv. 3.

. Eph., i. 3.

. Apoc., vii. 12.

. Phil., ii. 11.

39. Ps. cxvii. 26.

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