And there is a certain man of Ramathaim-Zophim, of the
hill-country of Ephraim, and his name is Elkanah, son of Jeroham, son of
Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, and Ephrathite,
and he hath two wives, the name of the one is Hannah,
and the name of the second Peninnah, and Peninnah hath children, and Hannah
hath no children.
And that man hath gone up out of his city from time to time,
to bow himself, and to sacrifice, before Jehovah of Hosts, in Shiloh, and there
are two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests to Jehovah.
And the day cometh, and Elkanah sacrificeth, and he hath
given to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions,
and to Hannah he giveth a certain portion -- double, for he
hath loved Hannah, and Jehovah hath shut her womb;
and her adversity hath also provoked her greatly, so as to
make her tremble, for Jehovah hath shut up her womb.
And so he doth year by year, from the time of her going up
into the house of Jehovah, so it provoketh her, and she weepeth, and doth not
And Elkanah her husband saith to her, 'Hannah, why weepest
thou? and why dost thou not eat? and why is thy heart afflicted? am I not
better to thee than ten sons?'
And Hannah riseth after eating in Shiloh, and after
drinking, and Eli the priest is sitting on the throne by the side-post of the
temple of Jehovah.
And she is bitter in soul, and prayeth unto Jehovah, and
and voweth a vow, and saith, 'Jehovah of Hosts, if Thou dost
certainly look on the affliction of Thy handmaid, and hast remembered me, and
dost not forget Thy handmaid, and hast given to Thy handmaid seed of men --
then I have given him to Jehovah all days of his life, and a razor doth not go
up upon his head.'
And it hath been, when she multiplied praying before
Jehovah, that Eli is watching her mouth,
and Hannah, she is speaking to her heart, only her lips are
moving, and her voice is not heard, and Eli reckoneth her to be drunken.
And Eli saith unto her, 'Until when are thou drunken? turn
aside thy wine from thee.'
And Hannah answereth and saith, 'No, my lord, A woman
sharply pained in spirit I am, and wine and strong drink I have not
drunk, and I pour out my soul before Jehovah;
put not thy handmaid before a daughter of worthlessness, for
from the abundance of my meditation, and of my provocation, I have spoken
And Eli answereth and saith, 'Go in peace, and the God of
Israel doth give thy petition which thou hast asked of Him.'
And she saith, 'Let thy handmaid find grace in thine eyes;'
and the woman goeth on her way, and eateth, and her countenance hath not been sad
for it any more.
And they rise early in the morning, and bow themselves
before Jehovah, and turn back, and come in unto their house in Ramah, and
Elkanah knoweth Hannah his wife, and Jehovah remembereth her;
and it cometh to pass, at the revolution of the days, that
Hannah conceiveth, and beareth a son, and calleth his name Samuel, 'for, from
Jehovah I have asked him.'
And the man Elkanah goeth up, and all his house, to
sacrifice to Jehovah the sacrifice of the days, and his vow.
And Hannah hath not gone up, for she said to her husband,
'Till the youth is weaned -- then I have brought him in, and he hath appeared
before the face of Jehovah, and dwelt there -- unto the age.'
And Elkanah her husband saith to her, 'Do that which is good
in thine eyes; abide till thy weaning him; only, Jehovah establish His word;'
and the woman abideth and suckleth her son till she hath weaned him,
and she causeth him to go up with her when she hath weaned
him, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and she
bringeth him into the house of Jehovah at Shiloh, and the youth is but a
And they slaughter the bullock, and bring in the youth unto
and she saith, 'O, my lord, thy soul liveth! my lord, I am
the woman who stood with thee in this place, to pray unto Jehovah;
for this youth I prayed, and Jehovah doth give to me my
petition which I asked of Him;
and also I have caused him to be asked for Jehovah, all the
days that he hath lived -- he is asked for Jehovah;' and he boweth himself
there before Jehovah.