I say, then, Did God cast away His people? let it not be!
for I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin:
God did not cast away His people whom He knew before; have
ye not known -- in Elijah -- what the Writing saith? how he doth plead with God
concerning Israel, saying,
'Lord, Thy prophets they did kill, and Thy altars they dug
down, and I was left alone, and they seek my life;'
but what saith the divine answer to him? 'I left to Myself
seven thousand men, who did not bow a knee to Baal.'
So then also in the present time a remnant according to the
choice of grace there hath been;
and if by grace, no more of works, otherwise the grace
becometh no more grace; and if of works, it is no more grace, otherwise the
work is no more work.
What then? What Israel doth seek after, this it did not
obtain, and the chosen did obtain, and the rest were hardened,
according as it hath been written, 'God gave to them a
spirit of deep sleep, eyes not to see, and ears not to hear,' -- unto this very
and David saith, 'Let their table become for a snare, and
for a trap, and for a stumbling-block, and for a recompense to them;
let their eyes be darkened -- not to behold, and their back
do Thou always bow down.'
I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it
not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse
them to jealousy;
and if the fall of them is the riches of a world, and
the diminution of them the riches of nations, how much more the fulness of
For to you I speak -- to the nations -- inasmuch as I am
indeed an apostle of nations, my ministration I do glorify;
if by any means I shall arouse to jealousy mine own flesh,
and shall save some of them,
for if the casting away of them is a reconciliation
of the world, what the reception -- if not life out of the dead?
and if the first-fruit is holy, the lump also; and if
the root is holy, the branches also.
And if certain of the branches were broken off, and thou,
being a wild olive tree, wast graffed in among them, and a fellow-partaker of
the root and of the fatness of the olive tree didst become --
do not boast against the branches; and if thou dost boast,
thou dost not bear the root, but the root thee!
Thou wilt say, then, 'The branches were broken off, that I
might be graffed in;' right!
by unbelief they were broken off, and thou hast stood by
faith; be not high-minded, but be fearing;
for if God the natural branches did not spare -- lest
perhaps He also shall not spare thee.
Lo, then, goodness and severity of God -- upon those indeed
who fell, severity; and upon thee, goodness, if thou mayest remain in the
goodness, otherwise, thou also shalt be cut off.
And those also, if they may not remain in unbelief, shall be
graffed in, for God is able again to graff them in;
for if thou, out of the olive tree, wild by nature, wast cut
out, and, contrary to nature, wast graffed into a good olive tree, how much
rather shall they, who are according to nature, be graffed into their
own olive tree?
For I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, of this
secret -- that ye may not be wise in your own conceits -- that hardness in part
to Israel hath happened till the fulness of the nations may come in;
and so all Israel shall be saved, according as it hath been
written, 'There shall come forth out of Sion he who is delivering, and he shall
turn away impiety from Jacob,
and this to them is the covenant from Me, when I may
take away their sins.'
As regards, indeed, the good tidings, they are
enemies on your account; and as regards the choice -- beloved on account of the
for unrepented of are the gifts and the calling of
for as ye also once did not believe in God, and now did find
kindness by the unbelief of these:
so also these now did not believe, that in your kindness
they also may find kindness;
for God did shut up together the whole to unbelief, that to
the whole He might do kindness.
O depth of riches, and wisdom and knowledge of God! how
unsearchable His judgments, and untraceable His ways!
for who did know the mind of the Lord? or who did become His
or who did first give to Him, and it shall be given back to
because of Him, and through Him, and to Him are the
all things; to Him is the glory -- to the ages. Amen.