And I say, so long time as the heir is a babe, he differeth
nothing from a servant -- being lord of all,
but is under tutors and stewards till the time appointed of
so also we, when we were babes, under the elements of the
world were in servitude,
and when the fulness of time did come, God sent forth His
Son, come of a woman, come under law,
that those under law he may redeem, that the adoption of
sons we may receive;
and because ye are sons, God did send forth the spirit of
His Son into your hearts, crying, 'Abba, Father!'
so that thou art no more a servant, but a son, and if a son,
also an heir of God through Christ.
But then, indeed, not having known God, ye were in servitude
to those not by nature gods,
and now, having known God -- and rather being known by God
-- how turn ye again unto the weak and poor elements to which anew ye desire to
be in servitude?
days ye observe, and months, and times, and years!
I am afraid of you, lest in vain I did labour toward you.
Become as I am -- because I also am as ye
brethren, I beseech you; to me ye did no hurt,
and ye have known that through infirmity of the flesh I did
proclaim good news to you at the first,
and my trial that is in my flesh ye did not despise
nor reject, but as a messenger of God ye did receive me -- as Christ Jesus;
what then was your happiness? for I testify to you, that if
possible, your eyes having plucked out, ye would have given to me;
so that your enemy have I become, being true to you?
they are zealous for you -- yet not well, but they
wish to shut us out, that for them ye may be zealous;
and it is good to be zealously regarded, in what is
good, at all times, and not only in my being present with you;
my little children, of whom again I travail in birth, till
Christ may be formed in you,
and I was wishing to be present with you now, and to change
my voice, because I am in doubt about you.
Tell me, ye who are willing to be under law, the law do ye
for it hath been written, that Abraham had two sons, one by
the maid-servant, and one by the free-woman,
but he who is of the maid-servant, according to flesh
hath been, and he who is of the free-woman, through the promise;
which things are allegorized, for these are the two
covenants: one, indeed, from mount Sinai, to servitude bringing forth, which is
for this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and doth correspond
to the Jerusalem that now is, and is in servitude with her children,
and the Jerusalem above is the free-woman, which is mother
of us all,
for it hath been written, 'Rejoice, O barren, who art not
bearing; break forth and cry, thou who art not travailing, because many are
the children of the desolate -- more than of her having the husband.'
And we, brethren, as Isaac, are children of promise,
but as then he who was born according to the flesh did
persecute him according to the spirit, so also now;
but what saith the Writing? 'Cast forth the maid-servant and
her son, for the son of the maid-servant may not be heir with the son of the
then, brethren, we are not a maid-servant's children, but