39. Q. Who were the first man and
The first man and woman were Adam and Eve.
Adam and Eve were innocent and holy when they came from the hand of God.
To try their obedience God commanded Adam and Eve not to eat of a certain fruit
which grew in the garden of Paradise.
The chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve, had they remained faithful to
God, were a constant state of happiness in this life and everlasting glory in
Adam and Eve did not remain faithful to God; but broke His command by eating
the forbidden fruit.
Adam and Eve, on account of their sin, lost innocence and holiness, and were
doomed to sickness and death.
On account of the disobedience of our first parents, we all share in their sin
and punishment, as we should have shared in their happiness if they had
Our nature was corrupted by the sin of our first parents, which darkened our
understanding, weakened our will, and left in us a strong inclination to evil.
The sin which we inherit from our first parents is called original sin.
This sin is called original because it comes down to us from our first parents,
and we are brought into the world with its guilt on our soul.
This corruption of our nature and other punishments remain in us after original
sin is forgiven.
The Blessed Virgin Mary, through the merits of her Divine Son, was preserved
free from the guilt of original sin, and this privilege is called her