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Enchiridion

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  • CHAPTER I - The Occasion and Purpose of this "Manual"
  1: 1 Cor. 1:20.<br><br>
  2: Wis. 6:26 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  3: Rom. 16:19.<br><br>
  4: A later interpolation, not found in the best MSS., adds, "As no one can exist from himself, so also[...]
  5: Job 28:28. <br><br>
  6: A transliteration of the Greek, literally, a handbook or manual.<br><br>
  7: Cf. Gal. 5:6.<br><br>
  8: Cf. 1 Cor. 13:10, 11.<br><br>
  9: 1 Cor. 3:11.<br><br>
  10: Already, very early in his ministry (397), Augustine had written De agone Christiano, in which he h[...]



  • CHAPTER II - The Creed and the Lord's Prayer as Guides to the Interpretation of the Theological Virtues of Faith, Hope, and Love
  11: The Apostles' Creed. Cf. Augustine's early essay On Faith and the Creed.<br><br>
  12: Joel 2:32.<br><br>
  13: Rom. 10:14.<br><br>
  14: Lucan, Pharsalia, II, 15.<br><br>
  15: Virgil, Aeneid, IV, 419. The context of this quotation is Dido's lament over Aeneas' prospective ab[...]
  16: Heb. 11:1.<br><br>
  17: Sacra eloquia - a favorite phrase of Augustine's for the Bible.<br><br>
  18: Rom. 8:24, 25 (Old Latin).<br><br>
  19: James 2:19.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER III - God the Creator of All; and the Goodness of All Creation
  20: One of the standard titles of early Greek philosophical treatises would translate into Latin as De [...]
  21: This basic motif appears everywhere in Augustine's thought as the very foundation of his whole syst[...]
  22: This section (Chs. III and IV) is the most explicit statement of a major motif which pervades the w[...]



  • CHAPTER IV - The Problem of Evil
  23: Isa. 5:20.<br><br>
  24: Matt. 12:35.<br><br>
  25: This refers to Aristotle's well-known principle of "the excluded middle." <br><br>
  26: Matt. 7:18.<br><br>
  27: Cf. Matt. 12:33.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER V - The Kinds and Degrees of Error
  28: Virgil, Georgios, II, 490.<br><br>
  29: Ibid., 479.<br><br>
  30: Sed in via pedum, non in via morum.<br><br>
  31: Virgil, Eclogue, VIII, 42. The context of the passage is Damon's complaint over his faithless Nyssa[...]
  32: Cf. Matt. 5:37.<br><br>
  33: Cf. Confessions, Bk. X, Ch. XXIII.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER VI - The Problem of Lying
  34: Ad consentium contra mendacium, CSEL (J. Zycha, ed.), Vol. 41, pp. 469-528; also Migne, PL, 40, c. [...]
  35: Sallust, The War with Catiline, X, 6-7.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER VII - Disputed Questions about the Limits of Knowledge and Certainty in Various Matters
  36: Cf. Acts 12:9.<br><br>
  37: Virgil, Aeneid, X, 392.<br><br>
  38: This refers to one of the first of the Cassiciacum dialogues, Contra Academicos. The gist of August[...]
  39: Hab. 2:4; Rom. 1:17.<br><br>
  40: A direct contrast between suspensus assenso - the watchword of the Academics - and assensio, the ba[...]
  41: See above, VII, 90.<br><br>
  42: Matt. 5:37.<br><br>
  43: Matt. 6:12.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER VIII - The Plight of Man After the Fall
  44: Rom. 5:12.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER IX - The Replacement of the Fallen Angels By Elect Men (28-30); The Necessity of Grace (30-32)
  45: Cf. Luke 20:36.<br><br>
  46: Rom. 4:17.<br><br>
  47: Wis. 11:20.<br><br>
  48: 2 Peter 2:19.<br><br>
  49: John 8:36.<br><br>
  50: Eph. 2:8.<br><br>
  51: 1 Cor. 7:25.<br><br>
  52: Eph. 2:8, 9.<br><br>
  53: Eph. 2:10.<br><br>
  54: Cf. Gal. 6:15; I1 Cor. 5:17.<br><br>
  55: Ps. 51:10.<br><br>
  56: Phil. 2:13.<br><br>
  57: Rom. 9:16.<br><br>
  58: Prov. 8:35 (LXX).<br><br>
  59: From the days at Cassiciacum till the very end, Augustine toiled with the mystery of the primacy of[...]
  60: Ps. 58:11 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  61: Ps. 23:6.<br><br>
  62: Cf. Matt. 5:44.<br><br>
  63: The theme that he had explored in Confessions, Bks. I-IX. See especially Bk. V, Chs. X, XIII; Bk. [...]



  • CHAPTER X - Jesus Christ the Mediator
  64: Cf. Ps. 90:9.<br><br>
  65: Job 14:1.<br><br>
  66: John 3:36.<br><br>
  67: Eph. 2:3.<br><br>
  68: Rom. 5:9, 10.<br><br>
  69: Rom. 8:14. <br><br>
  70: John 1:14.<br><br>
  71: Rom. 3:20.<br><br>
  72: Epistle CXXXVII, written in 412 in reply to a list of queries sent to Augustine by the<br>proconsul[...]
  73: John 1:1.<br><br>
  74: Phil. 2:6, 7.<br><br>
  75: These metaphors for contrasting the "two natures" of Jesus Christ were favorite figures of speech i[...]



  • CHAPTER XI - The Incarnation as Prime Example of the Action of God's Grace
  76: Luke 1:28-30.<br><br>
  77: John 1:14.<br><br>
  78: Luke 1:35.<br><br>
  79: Matt. 1:20.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XII - The Role of the Holy Spirit
  80: Rom. 1:3.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XIII - Baptism and Original Sin
  81: Rom. 8:3.<br><br>
  82: Cf. Hos. 4:8.<br><br>
  83: I1 Cor. 5:20, 21.<br><br>
  84: Virgil, Aeneid, II, 1, 20.<br><br>
  85: Num. 21:7 (LXX).<br><br>
  86: Matt. 2:20.<br><br>
  87: Ex. 32:4.<br><br>
  88: Rom. 5:12.<br><br>
  89: Deut. 5:9.<br><br>
  90: Ezek. 18:2.<br><br>
  91: Ps. 51:5.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XIV - The Mysteries of Christ's Mediatorial Work (48-49) and Justification (50-55)
  92: 1 Tim. 2:5.<br><br>
  93: Matt. 3:13.<br><br>
  94: Luke 3:4; Isa. 40:3.<br><br>
  95: Ps. 2:7; Heb. 5:5; cf. Mark 1:9-11.<br><br>
  96: Rom. 5:16.<br><br>
  97: Rom. 5:18.<br><br>
  98: Rom. 6:1.<br><br>
  99: Rom. 5:20.<br><br>
  100: Rom. 6:2.<br><br>
  101: Rom. 6:3.<br><br>
  102: Rom. 6:4-11.<br><br>
  103: Gal. 5:24.<br><br>
  104: Col. 3:1-3.<br><br>
  105: Col. 3:4.<br><br>
  106: John 5:29.<br><br>
  107: Ps. 54:1.<br><br>
  108: Cf. Matt. 25:32, 33.<br><br>
  109: Ps. 43:1.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XV - The Holy Spirit (56) and the Church (57-60)
  110: Reading the classical Latin form poscebat (as in Scheel and PL) for the late form poxebat (as in Ri[...]
  111: Cf. Ps. 113:3.<br><br>
  112: Here reading unum deum (with Riviere and PL) against deum (in Scheel).<br><br>
  113: A hyperbolic expression referring to "the saints." Augustine's Scriptural backing for such an unusu[...]
  114: 1 Cor. 6:19.<br><br>
  115: 1 Cor. 6:15.<br><br>
  116: Col. 1:18.<br><br>
  117: John 2:19.<br><br>
  118: 2 Peter 2:4 (Old Latin).<br><br>
  119: Heb. 1:13.<br><br>
  120: Ps. 148:2 (LXX).<br><br>
  121: Col. 1:16.<br><br>
  122: Zech. 1:9.<br><br>
  123: Matt. 1:20.<br><br>
  124: Gen. 18:4; 19:2.<br><br>
  125: Gen. 32:24.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XVI - Problems About Heavenly and Earthly Divisions of the Church
  126: Rom. 8:31, 32.<br><br>
  127: Cf. Eph. 1:10.<br><br>
  128: Col. 1:19, 20.<br><br>
  129: Cf. 1 Cor. 13:9, 12<br><br>
  130: Cf. Luke 20:36.<br><br>
  131: 1 Cor. 13:12.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XVII - Forgiveness of Sins in the Church
  132: Cf. Luke 15:24.<br><br>
  133: Rom. 8:14.<br><br>
  134: 1 John 1:8.<br><br>
  135: In actione poenitentiae; cf. Luther's similar conception of poenitentiam agite in the 95 Theses and[...]
  136: Ps. 51:17.<br><br>
  137: Ps. 38:9.<br><br>
  138: I1 Cor. 1:22.<br><br>
  139: Ecclus. 40:1 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  140: 1 Cor. 11:31, 32.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XVIII
  141: This chapter supplies an important clue to the date of the Enchiridion and an interesting side ligh[...]
  142: A short treatise, written in 413, in which Augustine seeks to combine the Pauline and Jacobite emph[...]
  143: Gal. 5:6.<br><br>
  144: James 2:17.<br><br>
  145: James 2:14.<br><br>
  146: 1 Cor. 3:15.<br><br>
  147: 1 Cor. 6:9, 10.<br><br>
  148: 1 Cor. 3:11, 12.<br><br>
  149: 1 Cor. 3:11-15.<br><br>
  150: Ecclus. 27:5.<br><br>
  151: Cf. 1 Cor. 7:32, 33<br><br>
  152: See above, XVIII, 67.<br><br>
  153: Matt. 25:34, 41.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XIX - Almsgiving and Forgiveness
  154: Ecclus. 15:20.<br><br>
  155: John 3:5.<br><br>
  156: Matt. 6:9-12.<br><br>
  157: Cf. Luke 11 :41.<br><br>
  158: This is a close approximation of the medieval lists of "The Seven Works of Mercy." Cf. J.T. McNeill[...]
  159: Matt. 5:44.<br><br>
  160: John 14:6.<br><br>
  161: Matt. 6:14, 15.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XX - Spiritual Almsgiving
  162: Luke 11:37-41.<br><br>
  163: Acts 15:9.<br><br>
  164: Titus 1:15.<br><br>
  165: Ecclus. 30:24 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  166: Rom. 5:16.<br><br>
  167: Rom. 5:8.<br><br>
  168: Luke 10:27.<br><br>
  169: Luke 11:42.<br><br>
  170: Matt. 23:26.<br><br>
  171: Ps. 10:6 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  172: Ps. 58:11 (Vulgate); cf. Ps. 59:10 (R.S.V.).<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXI - Problems of Casuistry
  173: 1 Cor. 7:5 (mixed text).<br><br>
  174: 1 Cor. 6:1.<br><br>
  175: 1 Cor. 6:4-6.<br><br>
  176: 1 Cor. 6:7a.<br><br>
  177: 1 Cor. 6:7b.<br><br>
  178: Matt. 5:40.<br><br>
  179: Luke 6:30.<br><br>
  180: James 3:2 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  181: Matt. 5:22, 23.<br><br>
  182: Gal. 4:11 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  183: Ps. 10:3 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  184: Isa. 5:7 (LXX).<br><br>
  185: Gen. 18:20 (Vulgate with one change).<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXII - The Two Causes of Sin
  186: For example, Contra Faust., XXII, 78; De pecc. meritis et remissione, I, xxxix, 70; ibid., II, xxii[...]
  187: Ps. 27:1.<br><br>
  188: 2 Tim. 2:25 (mixed text).<br><br>
  189: Cf. Luke 22:61.<br><br>
  190: Cf. John 20:22, 23.<br><br>
  191: This libellus is included in Augustine's Sermons (LXXI, PL, 38, col. 445-467), to which Possidius g[...]



  • CHAPTER XXIII - The Reality of the Resurrection
  192: Sicut semina quae concepta non fuerint.<br><br>
  193: Jerome, Epistle to Vitalis, Ep. LXXII, 2; PL, 22, 674. Augustine also refers to similar phenomena [...]
  194: Gal. 5:17.<br><br>
  195: 1 Cor. 15:40.<br><br>
  196: 1 Cor. 15:50.<br><br>
  197: 1 Cor. 15:44.<br><br>
  198: Rev. 2:11; 20:6, 14.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXIV - The Solution to Present Spiritual Enigmas to Be Awaited in the Life of the World To Come
  199: Ps. 100:1 (Vulgate); cf. Ps. 101:1 (R.S.V.).<br><br>
  200: Matt. 11:21.<br><br>
  201: This is one of the rare instances in which a textual variant in Augustine's text affects a basic is[...]
  202: Cf. Ps. 113:11 (a mixed text; composed inexactly from Ps. 115:3 and Ps. 135:6; an interesting insta[...]
  203: 1 Tim. 2:4.<br><br>
  204: Matt. 23:37.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXV - Predestination and the Justice of God
  205: Rom. 9:18.<br><br>
  206: Rom. 9:11, 12.<br><br>
  207: Cf. Mal. 1:2, 3 and Rom. 9:13.<br><br>
  208: Rom. 9:14.<br><br>
  209: Rom. 9:15.<br><br>
  210: Rom. 9:15; see above, IX, 32.<br><br>
  211: Eph. 2:3.<br><br>
  212: Rom. 9:16.<br><br>
  213: 1 Cor. 1 :31; cf. Jer. 9:24. The _religious_ intention of Augustine's emphasis upon divine sovereig[...]
  214: Rom. 9:17; cf. Ex. 9:16.<br><br>
  215: Rom. 9:19.<br><br>
  216: Rom. 9:20, 21.<br><br>
  217: 1 Cor. 1:31.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXVI - The Triumph of God's Sovereign Good Will
  218: Ps. 110:2 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  219: Matt. 16:23.<br><br>
  220: Acts 21:10-12.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXVII - Limits of God's Plan for Human Salvation
  221: 1 Tim. 2:4.<br><br>
  222: John 1:9.<br><br>
  223: 1 Tim. 2:1. <br><br>
  224: 1 Tim. 2:2.<br><br>
  225: 1 Tim. 2:3.<br><br>
  226: 1 Tim. 2:4.<br><br>
  227: Luke 11:42.<br><br>
  228: Ps. 135:6.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXVIII - The Destiny of Man
  229: Another example of Augustine's wordplay. Man's original capacities included both the power not to s[...]
  230: Again, a wordplay between posset non mori and non possit mori.<br><br>
  231: Prov. 8:35 (LXX).<br><br>
  232: Rom. 6:23.<br><br>
  233: Cf. John 1:16.<br><br>
  234: Rom. 9:21.<br><br>
  235: 1 Tim. 2:5 (mixed text).<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXIX - "The Last Things"
  236: Rom. 14:10; I1 Cor. 5:10.<br><br>
  237: Cf. Ps. 77:9.<br><br>
  238: Rom. 9:23.<br><br>
  239: Matt. 25:46.<br><br>
  240: Cf. Ps. 31:19.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXX - The Principles of Christian Living: Faith and Hope
  241: Note the artificial return to the triadic scheme of the treatise: faith, hope, and love.<br><br>
  242: Jer. 17:5.<br><br>
  243: Matt. 6:9, 10.<br><br>
  244: Matt. 6:11-13.<br><br>
  245: Luke 11:2-4.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXXI - Love
  246: Matt. 7:7.<br><br>
  247: Another wordplay on cupiditas and caritas.<br><br>
  248: An interesting resemblance here to Freud's description of the Id, the primal core of our unconsciou[...]
  249: Rom. 3:20.<br><br>
  250: 2 Peter 2:19.<br><br>
  251: Rom. 5:20.<br><br>
  252: Compare the psychological notion of the effect of external moral pressures and their power to arous[...]
  253: Gal. 5:17.<br><br>
  254: Wis. 11:21 (Vulgate).<br><br>
  255: Cf. John 1:17.<br><br>
  256: John 3:8.<br><br>
  257: Rom. 14:9.<br><br>
  258: Cf. Ps. 88:5.<br><br>



  • CHAPTER XXXII The End of All the Law
  259: 1 Tim. 1:5.<br><br>
  260: Matt. 22:40.<br><br>
  261: 1 Tim. 1:5.<br><br>
  262: 1 John 4:16. <br><br>
  263: Ex. 20:14; Matt. 5:27; etc.<br><br>
  264: 1 Cor. 7:1.<br><br>
  265: 1 Cor. 4:5.<br><br>
  266: Minuitur autem cupiditas caritate crescente.<br><br>
  267: John 15:23.<br>



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