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St. Thomas Aquinas
Explanation of the Sacraments

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Confirmation
 
The second Sacrament is Confirmation. The matter of this Sacrament is 
chrism made from oil, which signifies the bright lustre of conscience, and 
from balsam, which signifies the odor of a good name; both of which are 
blessed by the bishop. The form of this Sacrament is: "I sign thee with the 
sign of the cross, and I confirm thee with the chrism of salvation, in the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen."18 The 
minister of this Sacrament is solely the bishop.19 It is not licit for a 
priest to anoint on the forehead with chrism those who are to be 
confirmed.20
 



18
. "Amen" is omitted in the Roman Pontifical.
 


19
. The ordinary minister of Confirmation in the Latin Church is the 
bishop. In virtue of canon 782, # 3, only Abbots, Prelates Nullius, vicars 
and Prefects Apostolic can confer this Sacrament validly and only within 
the confines of their own territory and during their term of office. 
Cardinals can confirm validly anywhere.
 


20
. A priest of the Latin Rite who has a special indult granted by the Holy 
See may confirm Catholics of his own rite only, unless it is otherwise 
stated (Canon 782, # 4).





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