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Protopresbyter Michael Pomazansky
Orthodox dogmatic theology

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A. The sources of Christian doctrine

The concern of the Church for the purity of Christian teaching.

From the first days of her existence, the Holy Church of Christ has ceaselessly been concerned

that her children, her members, should stand firm in the pure truth.

“I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth,” writes the holy Apostle,

John the Theologian (3 John 4). “I have written briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the

true grace of God wherein ye stand,” says the holy Apostle Peter in concluding his catholic epistle

(1 Peter 5:12). (“Catholic,” meaninguniversal,” is the name applied to the New Testament Epistles (those of

James, Peter, Jude, and John) which were addressed, not to individuals or local churches (as are all the Epistles of St.

Paul), but to the whole Church or to believers in general.)

The holy Apostle Paul relates concerning himself that, having preached for fourteen years,

he went to Jerusalem by revelation with Barnabas and Titus, and there he offeredespecially to

the most renowned citizens — the gospel which he preached, lest by any means I should run, or

had run, in vain(Gal. 2:2). “Instruct us in Thy path, that we may walk in Thy Truthis the

first petition in the priestly prayers (the Prayers at Lamplighting. The “Prayers at Lamplighting” are the silent

prayers read by the priest before the Royal Doors while Psalm 103 is being read aloud by the Reader.) in the first

Divine Service of the daily cycle, Vespers.

The true path of faith which has always been carefully preserved in the history of the

Church, from of old was called straight, right, in Greek, orthos — that is, “orthodoxy.” In the

Psalter — from which, as we know from the history of the Christian Divine services, the Church

has been inseparable from the first moment of her existence — we find such phrases as the following

— “my foot hath stood in uprightness” (Ps. 25:10); “from before Thy face let my judgment

come forth(Ps. 16:2); praise is meet for the upright(Ps. 32:1); and there are others.

The Apostle Paul instructs Timothy to present himself before God “a workman that needeth not

to be ashamed, rightly dividing (that is, rightly cutting with a chisel, from the Greek orthotomounta)

the word of truth(2 Tim. 2:15). In early Christian literature there is constant mention

of the keeping of “the rule of faith,” the “rule of truth” The very termorthodoxy” was widely

used even in the epoch before the Ecumenical Councils, then in the terminology of the Ecumenical

Councils themselves, and in the Fathers of the Church both of the East and of the West.

Side by side with the straight, or right, path of faith there have always been those who

thought differently (heterodoxountes, or “heterodox,” in the expression of St. Ignatius the Godbearer),

a world of greater or lesser errors among Christians, and sometimes even whole incorrect

systems which attempted to burst into the midst of Orthodox Christians. As a result of the quest

for truth there occurred divisions among Christians.

Becoming acquainted with the history of the Church, and likewise observing the contemporary

world, we see that the errors which war against Orthodox Truth have appeared and do appear

a) under the influence of other religions, b) under the influence of philosophy, and c) through the

weakness and inclinations of fallen human nature, which seeks the rights and justifications of

these weaknesses and inclinations.


Errors take root and become obstinate most frequently because of the pride of those who

defend them, because of intellectual pride.

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