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Protopresbyter Michael Pomazansky
Orthodox dogmatic theology

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Omniscient.

“All Things are naked and opened unto the eyes of Him” (Heb. 4:13). “My being while it

was still unformed Thine eyes did see(Psalm 138:16). The knowledge of God is vision and

immediate understanding of everything, both that which exists and that which is possible, the

present, the past, and the future. Foreknowledge of the future is, strictly speaking, a spiritual vision,

because for God the future is as the present. The foreknowledge of God does not violate the

free will of creatures, just as the freedom of our neighbor is not violated by the fact that we see

what he does. The foreknowledge of God regarding evil in the world and the acts of free beingsis as it were crowned by the foreknowledge of the salvation of the world, when God will be all

in all” (1 Cor. 15:28).

Another aspect of the omniscience of God is manifested in the wisdom of God. Great is

our Lord and great is His strength, and there is no measure of His understanding(Psalm

146:5). The Holy Fathers and teachers of the Church, following the word of God, have always

indicated with great reverence the greatness of God's wisdom in the ordering of the visible world,

dedicating to this subject whole works, as for example the Homilies on the Six Days (Hexaemeron),

that is, the history of the creation of the world, written by such Fathers as Sts. Basil the

Great, John Chrysostom, and Gregory of Nyssa. “One blade of grass or one speck of dust is

enough to occupy your entire mind, in beholding the art with which it has been made” (Basil the

Great). Even more have the Fathers reflected on God's wisdom in the economy of our salvation,

in the Incarnation of the Son of God. The Sacred Scripture of the Old Testament concentrates its

attention primarily on the wisdom of God in the orderly arrangement of the world: “In wisdom

hast Thou made them all” (Psalm 103:26). In the New Testament, on the other hand, attention is

concentrated on the economy of our salvation, in connection with which the Apostle Paul cries

out: O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God(Rom. 11:33). For it

is by the wisdom of God that the whole existence of the world is directed to a single aim . to

perfection and transfiguration for the glory of God.




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