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Canons of the seven ecumenical councils

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st

    Council,  Canon
1 Intro | by the Fathers of Nicea.1 St. Basil, writing to a priest 2 Intro | the time of the Council of St. Sophia (879-880): “custom 3 Intro | and the monk Nicodemus (St. Nicodemus the Hagiorite). 4 Intro | editions which we now have. St. Nicodemus the Hagiorite 5 Intro | integrist environment. St. Nicodemus' position on 6 Intro | John Sokolov, published in St. Petersburg in 1851.25 Nicodemus 7 Intro | Baling, later Bishop of St. Asaph (1704), this erudite 8 1 | not known with certainty. St. Athanasius, a member of 9 1 | its most famous members St. Alexander of Alexandria, 10 1 | impious doctrines of Arius. St. Athanasius assures us that 11 1 | Constantine's presence. To St. Athanasius may be attributed 12 1 | as some data preserved by St. Athanasius, and a history 13 1”,8 | sectarian), according to c. I of St. Basil, yet, because of 14 1”,9 | charge of sins, just as St. Paul commands that a bishop 15 1”,14 | applied to them also by St. Cyril in his catechism. 16 1”,14 | upon sinful catechumens. St. Basil the Great in his 17 1”,14 | according to Zonaras, that St. Basil the Great did not 18 1”,14 | by the funeral oration of St. Ambrose respecting Emperor 19 1”,19 | gets married. Canon XLIV of St. Basil excommunicates from 20 2”,2 | on the other hand, great St. Gregory was ousted from 21 3 | principal actors) therein were St. Cyril, the bishop of Alexandria 22 4 | were not listened to, while St. Flavian of Constantinople, 23 4”,14 | same Canon and according to St. Paul, though St. Paul prohibits 24 4”,14 | according to St. Paul, though St. Paul prohibits marriage 25 4”,16 | in the midst thereof, as St. Gregory the Theologian 26 4”,16 | that occurred, according to St. Basil the Great in his 27 4”,18 | conspiracy who conspired against St. Paul, as historically recorded 28 4”,18 | they have killed him” (sc. St. Paul). So, therefore, what 29 4”,30 | subscribe to the letter of St. Leo, the Pope of Rome, 30 4”,30 | Patriarch of Constantinople St. Flavian (and which, as 31 5 | heads” (or “chapters”) of St. Cyril[116] (of Alexandria), 32 7 | Gregory in his letter to St. Germanus (which is recorded 33 7”,1 | starting with a maxim of St. Gregory the Theologian,[ 34 7”,3 | repentance, just as c. XXVII of St. Basil the Great says. All 35 7”,7 | Gospel of the Evangelist St. Luke. (Luke 14:7). For 36 7”,7 | in the sacred Gospel of St. Luke, wherein He says: “ 37 7”,12 | as the injunction which St. Paul addresses specially 38 7”,12 | means bishops, according to St. Chrysostom, since a bishop 39 7”,13 | accordance with the words of St. Paul. For those who presiding 40 7”,16 | in agreement with divine St. Chrysostom, hereby proclaim 41 7”,25 | twenty-seventh Canon of St. Basil the Great, which 42 7”,25 | point it is the Canon of St. Basil. But the Council 43 7”,26 | these things to clergymen? St. Basil the Great, too, wants 44 7”,26 | scorn him outright. And St. Chrysostom, too, in his 45 7”,28 | IX of Nicephorus. When St. Chrysostom was blamed for 46 7”,28 | quarreling, let them consider St. Paul, who baptized a whole 47 7”,31 | the Gospel according to St. Matthew the following: “ 48 7”,31 | the Gospel according to St. Matthew, and think that 49 7”,31 | 19:34).[161] But not only St. Chrysostom, but also James 50 7”,31 | Jerusalem,[162] as well as St. Basil the Great in their 51 7”,39 | solitary life. For even though St. Basil the Great in his 52 7”,39 | Fathers (and especially St. Basil the Great), but only 53 7”,39 | sixteen or seventeen years of St. Basil to ten years, because 54 7”,45 | men or women.~ ~Concord.~St. Basil the Great also commands ( 55 7”,53 | reference to this saying St. Basil the Great in his 56 7”,53 | which is to say, divine St. Paul, who said: “But fornication 57 7”,53 | penanced) seven years. St. Basil, however, in his 58 7”,59 | one spirit with Him, as St. Paul says. Balsamon states 59 7”,60 | Christ with the Devil, as St. Paul says? But we must 60 7”,63 | Apostle, in interpreting which St. Gregory the Theologian 61 7”,63 | one and the same body, as St. Paul says, so and in like 62 7”,68 | or wax tapers. But even St. Nicephorus, in his c. XV, 63 7”,69 | according to the words of St. Paul, women are prohibited 64 7”,69 | or outside thereof, for St. Paul does not mean by “ 65 7”,69 | discerns and believes that St. Paul’s commandments are 66 7”,70 | with their adversaries, as St. Gregory the Theologian 67 7”,70 | writes in the epitaph of St. Basil the Great, and block 68 7”,71 | couple not be separated, as St. Paul says, and indeed even 69 7”,71 | Paul says, and indeed even St. Basil’s c. IX. For one 70 7”,71 | husband?” demands the same St. Paul, “or how knowest thou, 71 7”,74 | In expounding this text St. Basil the Great (Epitomized 72 7”,74 | commandment of David’s.” St. Basil himself adds (Epitomized 73 7”,78 | excommunicated.~ ~Concord.~See also St. Epiphanius (Haer. 79), 74 7”,82 | same c. XXV of Carthage. St. Chrysostom, in his homily 75 7”,86 | composed of three Canons of St. Basil the Great. Thus, 76 7”,86 | gleaned from c. XXXV of St. Basil. It says: If, therefore, 77 7”,86 | word for word c. LXXVII of St. Basil the Great. It says: 78 7”,86 | in their c. XX; and by St. Basil the Great, in his 79 7”,88 | divine Evangelists. For St. Matthew by saying that 80 7”,89 | of the First Synod, i.e., St. Peter and St. Basil the 81 7”,89 | Synod, i.e., St. Peter and St. Basil the Great, for the 82 7”,90 | Ancyra, in their c. XXI, and St. Basil the Great, in his 83 7”,92 | composed of three Canons of St. Basil the Great (for its 84 7”,92 | the same as c. XXXVI of St. Basil. Likewise if the 85 7”,93 | subjects them to penances. St. Basil, however, canonizes 86 7”,93 | James 5:12). That is why St. Basil the Great in his 87 7”,93 | indefinitely in c. LXIV by the same St. Basil to abstain from Communion 88 7”,93 | Epitomized Definitions, the same St. Basil says that it is ludicrous 89 7”,94 | divine Mysteries.~ ~Concord.~St. Basil the Great, in his 90 7”,95 | hair off. But in particular St. Paul, with special regard 91 7”,101| of heaven, according to St. Gregory the Theologian). 92 8 | abbot of the monastery of St. Sabbas in Rome, all of 93 8 | it; and after proclaiming St. Germanus, and John Damascene, 94 8 | nature (worship is defined by St. Basil the Great as being 95 8”,1 | Coryphaeus of Apostles, St. Peter, exulting in them, 96 8”,1 | have revealed to us. And St. Paul anathematizes anyone, 97 8”,1 | money they have at hand, as St. Paul says, so too do we 98 8”,4 | Interpretation.~Because great St. Paul both by word and by 99 8”,4 | the Coryphaeus of Apostles St. Peter gives the following 100 8”,5 | passage in the Epistle of St. John, these Fathers call 101 8”,7 | Carthage.)~ ~Interpretation.~St. Basil the Great interpreted 102 8”,15 | and embrace the other. And St. Paul commands that everybody 103 8”,15 | needs of the body. For even St. Paul obtained his needs 104 8”,16 | wearing humble clothes. Hence St. Basil the Great (see his 105 8”,19 | fulfilled in them the saying of St. Basil the Great to the 106 8”,20 | Canon of our Holy Father St. Basil, and in accordance 107 8”,20 | Canon cites further below of St. Basil the Great, concerning 108 8”,20 | injunction and legislation of St. Basil the Great, which 109 8”,23 | interpretation placed upon it by St. Ambrose. That is why St. 110 8”,23 | St. Ambrose. That is why St. Augustine (in Book III 111 8”,23 | stigmatize this evil. For St. Gregory the Theologian 112 8”,23 | also applied the term to St. Chrysostom, according to 113 8”,23 | One of such bishops was St. Gregory of Nyssa, being 114 8”,23 | accepted the Novatians, as St. Basil notes in his c. I. 115 8”,23 | avoid having the throne of St. Peter dishonored by being 116 8”,23 | the ecclesiastical Canon. St. Epiphanius, in his Haer. 117 8”,23 | the Gospel according to St. John) it is possible, if 118 8”,23 | philanthropy and mercy. St. Gregory the Theologian, 119 8”,23 | homily on the Gospel of St. Matthew, saying that one ( 120 8”,23 | since piety blossomed after St. Paul, although even during 121 8”,23 | even during the time of St. Paul the term irreprehensible 122 8”,23 | limited applicability. For St. Paul himself wrote to Titus 123 8”,23 | saying " irreproachable" St. Paul was alluding to every 124 8”,23 | teach in church (because St. Paul expressly says, in 125 8”,23 | Concerning deaconesses St. Paul writes in his First 126 8”,23 | battalion, as is plain from what St. Basil the Great says (letter 127 8”,23 | thousand years referred to by St. John, they are not to come 128 8”,23 | nor food and drink, as St. Paul said (Rom. 14:17): 129 8”,23 | three classes, according to St. Epiphanius (Haer. 73 and 130 8”,23 | but man-bearing God (see St. Gregory the Theologian’ 131 8”,23 | Bishop of Constantinople St. Flavian in the fifth place, 132 8”,23 | gained the friendship of St. Gregory the Theologian 133 8”,23 | of a yokel, according to St. Gregory’s pupil Gregory, 134 8”,23 | him. Against this Maximus St. Gregory the Theologian 135 8”,23 | second footnote to c. I of St. Basil the Great.~ ~ [56] 136 8”,23 | according to the Apostle (sc. St. Paul), “no law is applicable 137 8”,23 | the Footnote to c. III of St. Sophia.~ ~ [58] Though 138 8”,23 | dispute which arose between St. Cyril and blessed Theodoret, 139 8”,23 | conspiciously manifested. For when St. Cyril wrote in his ninth 140 8”,23 | painful death, as told by St. Germanus of Constantinople 141 8”,23 | she gave birth to a God), St. Cyril wanted to have this 142 8”,23 | comprehensive examination of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans 143 8”,23 | Virgin and Theotoke Mary.” St. Gregory Thaumaturgus (or 144 8”,23 | ever-virgin. Concerning St. Epiphanius (Haer. 78) says: “ 145 8”,23 | adding the Virgin?” And St. Jerome (Dialogue Second 146 8”,23 | The third part embraces St. Cyril’s interpretation 147 8”,23 | the apology (or reply) of St. Cyril to their objections; 148 8”,23 | of Faith”) is as follows. St. Marcus of Ephesus in the 149 8”,23 | more clearly.” In addition, St. Gregory the Theologian 150 8”,23 | the Gospel according to St. Matthew written in Greek 151 8”,23 | But if they aver that St. Gregory the Theologian 152 8”,23 | informs us. For in writing to St. Gregory of Nyssa he says: “ 153 8”,23 | authority. That is why c. I of St. Cyril says that Bishop 154 8”,23 | is not really worthy, as St. Basil the Great expresses 155 8”,23 | monk. See also c. II of St. Sohpia, and especially 156 8”,23 | Ec. C.~ ~ [82] This holy St. Leo (whose memory the Church 157 8”,23 | 18th) sent this letter to St. Flavian of Constantinople 158 8”,23 | tomb of the holy Apostle St. Peter, and with fasting 159 8”,23 | with a prayer he begged St. Peter if there were any 160 8”,23 | the Faith of the Apostles. St. Peter uttered these things 161 8”,23 | this kind is narrated by St. Gregory the Theologian 162 8”,23 | Theologian in his epitaph to St. Basil as having taken place 163 8”,23 | again into the Church.” St. Chrysostom says in his 164 8”,23 | grievous than God is above men. St. Basil, in fact, in number 165 8”,23 | in order to shame him, as St. Paul advises. In his letter 166 8”,23 | Metropolitans from among them. For St. Chrysostorn ordained Heracleides 167 8”,23 | because Rome was the seat of St. Peter, not because the 168 8”,23 | why the Council held in St. Sophia states clearly that 169 8”,23 | written by Theodoret against St. Cyril was not anathematized 170 8”,23 | the objections offered by St. Cyril, the idea that “Theodoret 171 8”,23 | all the other points that St. Cyril controverts and deems 172 8”,23 | heads” (or “chapters”) of St. Cyril, that it praised 173 8”,23 | judging from the words of St. Tarasius which he addressed 174 8”,23 | the latter, and deposed St. Flavian the Patriarch of 175 8”,23 | The Canons made later by St. Nicephorus, and the Canonical 176 8”,23 | accepted the declarations of St. Augustine and of St. Ambrose, 177 8”,23 | of St. Augustine and of St. Ambrose, not, to be sure, 178 8”,23 | affairs.~  ~[139] That is why St. Chrysostom says in agreement 179 8”,23 | their flocks, since, as St. Paul says, “he that is 180 8”,23 | interprets the saying of St. Paul (which in speaking 181 8”,23 | or with the injunction of St. Paul, nor does it overthrow 182 8”,23 | interpreting the above saying of St. Paul’s, that the only reason 183 8”,23 | that the only reason that St. Paul allowed marriage was 184 8”,23 | services, thus clashing with St. Paul and the Canons, including 185 8”,23 | priest.~  ~[144] See also St. Gregory the Theologian 186 8”,23 | divine service mentioned by St. Chrysostom in his commentary 187 8”,23 | agreement with the present Canon St. Justin also speaks of the 188 8”,23 | the fifteenth Discourse of St. Gregory the Theologian ( 189 8”,23 | the Bema (or Sanctuary). St. Chrysostom, too, says that 190 8”,23 | See also the testimony of St. Chrysostom in the Footnote 191 8”,23 | by the Holy Fathers: for St. Jerome in writing to St. 192 8”,23 | St. Jerome in writing to St. Augustine says, “I wish 193 8”,23 | had your halo”; likewise St. Augustine wrote to Bishop 194 8”,23 | interpretation given by St. Germain in his dissertation 195 8”,23 | concerning the lapsed; and by St. Ambrose of Milan, in volume 196 8”,23 | Chrysostom, in his Homily 83 on St. Matthew. See Argentes, 197 8”,23 | chiefly and properly” because St. Justin, in his second Apology, 198 8”,23 | be a regular business, as St. Paul says, and being traffickers 199 8”,23 | shows. Moreover, we say what St. Basil the Great says (see 200 8”,23 | are really demonish works. St. Chrysostom, too, says ( 201 8”,23 | mentioning this same Canon of St. Basil, decrees that those 202 8”,23 | necessity” because according to St. Basil the Great (in Epitome 203 8”,23 | more sacred, according to St. Chrysostom, than a stone 204 8”,23 | formerly been a disciple of St. Justin. (Theodoret, Cacomythy 205 8”,23 | supernatural source, according to St. Gregory the Theologian, 206 8”,23 | Church uscd the Liturgy of St. James down to the time 207 8”,23 | James down to the time of St. Basil the Great.~ ~ [163] 208 8”,23 | read them, according to St. Gregory the Theologian, 209 8”,23 | tempt God, according to St. Chrysostom (Homily 26 on 210 8”,23 | surprised to see that while St. Basil the Great, on the 211 8”,23 | sixteen years specified by St. Basil, during which the 212 8”,23 | all virtues), according to St. Basil the Great (Definition 213 8”,23 | say that the widow whom St. Paul mentions, notwithstanding 214 8”,23 | according to c. XXIV of St. Basil, and to be furnished 215 8”,23 | necessaries of life. Just as St. Paul himself goes on to 216 8”,23 | old, in accordance with St. Paul’s express command.” 217 8”,23 | accordance with that which St. Paul says, to wit: “Having 218 8”,23 | first sermon on Peace by St. Gregory the Theologian, 219 8”,23 | Homily on the Gospel of St. Matthew No. 56) and John 220 8”,23 | Isa. 22:12). And if, as St. Paul says, any man in general 221 8”,23 | Interpretation of c. II of St. Sophia), tonsure properly 222 8”,23 | wit, the “greathabit, as St. Theodore the Studite refers 223 8”,23 | Interpretation of c. II of St. Sophia) call the little 224 8”,23 | Pachymeres, in his paraphrasis to St. Dionysius, the black garment 225 8”,23 | put asunder” (Matt. 19:6). St. Basil the Great too agrees 226 8”,23 | consent and agreement, as St. Paul says; and, if so, 227 8”,23 | him remember the saying of St. Paul, that “God hath called 228 8”,23 | For that is the reason why St. Basil asserted the same 229 8”,23 | according to the words of St. Paul, saying, “So then 230 8”,23 | obtained in the East, as St. Basil says in his letter 231 8”,23 | Caesaria, and in the West, as St. Jerome says in his letter 232 8”,23 | churches, as is attested by St. Chrysostom in his first 233 8”,23 | Pope Innocence, and also by St. Jerome in his letter No. 234 8”,23 | No. 4 to Rufinus, and by St. Gregory the Theologian 235 8”,23 | the Gospel according to St. John, page 686 of the second 236 8”,23 | purporting to be addressed to St. Basil the Great which ought 237 8”,23 | reason we Easterners owe St. Symeon Metaphrastes an 238 8”,23 | weather, as is related by St. Gregory of Thessalonica ( 239 8”,23 | Lord. See also c. IV of St. Nicephorus which is in 240 8”,23 | Theodosius was absolved by St. Ambrose of guilt due to 241 8”,23 | expected to commune there, St. Ambrose would not let him 242 8”,23 | one round their neck. For St. Orestes, one of the five 243 8”,23 | to wear upon his person. St. Meletius the Confessor, 244 8”,23 | themselves. Concerning the Cross St. Gregory the Theologian 245 8”,23 | fear. In his Hom. 54 on St. Matt., Chrysostorn says: “ 246 8”,23 | as Zonaras says, and as St. Chrysostom does too in 247 8”,23 | that is to say), divine St. Paul on this account, in 248 8”,23 | these words of the Apostle, St. Basil the Great (in his “ 249 8”,23 | Corinthians was mistaken by St. Paul the Great for the 250 8”,23 | by c. XLVIII of Carthage. St. Chrysostom, on the other 251 8”,23 | just as used to be done, as St. Basil (in his letter to 252 8”,23 | interpreted it too.~ ~ [215] St. Basil the Great (Definitions 253 8”,23 | together with their fathers. St. Diadochus, the bishop of 254 8”,23 | Theotoke.” For according to St. Gregory of Nyssa, who is 255 8”,23 | was too that even of old St. Sabbas the Great permitted 256 8”,23 | Spirit along with the Son, as St. John Damascene says (in 257 8”,23 | the historical account of St. Dionysius contained therein. 258 8”,23 | are greatly sinning. For St. Gregory Dialogus (pp. 10 259 8”,23 | to receive from God (as St. Gregory himself avers) 260 8”,23 | Graecoromanus). Then, again, St. Ephrem in his last will 261 8”,23 | if a God-bearing man like St. Ephrem did not judge himself 262 8”,23 | in the great church of St. Sophia, when the kissing 263 8”,23 | to, you may tell me that St. Peter or St. Paul or an 264 8”,23 | tell me that St. Peter or St. Paul or an angel from heaven 265 8”,23 | persons.” Hence it is that St. Basil the Great in regard 266 8”,23 | and 17 on the Gospel of St. Matthew) canonizes anyone 267 8”,23 | heaven. On the other hand St. Basil the Great (Preamble 268 8”,23 | the Creator, according to St. Chrysostom. The expression, 269 8”,23 | Lord,” and whatever else St. Paul says in connection 270 8”,23 | not a veritable oath, as St. Chrysostom says. (It may 271 8”,23 | Chrysostom says. (It may be that St. Paul is saying these things, 272 8”,23 | instead, paid the talents, as St. Basil the Great bears witness 273 8”,23 | third century, according to St. Augustine (Concerning Heresies, 274 8”,23 | this man Marcion once asked St. Polycarp whether he knew 275 8”,23 | was Tatian, a disciple of St. Justin, according to Theodoret. 276 8”,23 | Satan? Hence it is that St. Gregory the Theologian 277 8”,23 | the saints in Italy, like St. Ambrose, the father of 278 8”,23 | painted in the church of St. Mark in Venice. Why, even 279 8”,23 | to see the successor of St. Peter close-shaven, as 280 8”,23 | Luther in the church called St. Paul’s and that called 281 8”,23 | Paul’s and that called St. Thomas’s. I saw the same 282 8”,23 | in Bardislabia.~  ~[249] St. Nicephorus says, in his 283 8”,23 | concerning this the book of St. Campanias, ch. 57. Though 284 8”,23 | ch. 14). But then again St. Chrysostom himself also 285 8”,23 | Antisiodorus, in its c. XXXVI; and St. Augustine also gives instructions 286 8”,23 | Gregory II says in writing to St. Germanus (for the old Law 287 8”,23 | and sculptured figures, as St. Germanus writes in a letter 288 8”,23 | as witnesses to this fact St. Basil the Great, St. Athanasius 289 8”,23 | fact St. Basil the Great, St. Athanasius the Great, and 290 8”,23 | incorporeal like God.” For St. Basil the Great actually 291 8”,23 | men and women.” And divine St. Hilary asserts that whatever 292 8”,23 | the Gospel according to St. Matthew). Besides, even 293 8”,23 | body of Christ (ch. 6), and St. Justin, and Clement of 294 8”,23 | the dress of virgins), and St. Ambrose (in his book concerning 295 8”,23 | of the Institutes), and St. Augustine, all avouch the 296 8”,23 | dictum is one delivered by St. Basil the Great, as the 297 8”,23 | Act 6 says, and as does St. Basil himself in ch. 18 298 8”,23 | concerning the Holy Spirit. St. Athana-sius also says: “ 299 8”,23 | also to the King.” Likewise St. Chrysostom: “Knowest thou 300 8”,23 | father (that is why divine St. Basil, in his assertion 301 8”,23 | Gospel. That is why divine St. Paul said that having a 302 8”,23 | fashion and with equal aptness St. Basil the Great, in his 303 8”,23 | of the bread and wine, as St. Maximus explains). In the 304 8”,23 | is done to holy icons, as St. John Damascene said in 305 8”,23 | denotes slavery, according to St. Augustine (ch. 45, concerning 306 8”,23 | troparion with reference to St. Basil: “O Basil, thou wise 307 8”,23 | says in his letter to St. Athanasius. For, as we 308 8”,23 | to be adored (perhaps, as St. Chrysostom says, because 309 8”,23 | the speech delivered by St. Maximus, and generally 310 8”,23 | which fact is stated by St. Chrysostom in one of his 311 8”,23 | of Christ, according to St. Nilus, in Act 4 of the 312 8”,23 | of Saints, according to St. Nilus, and St. Basil the 313 8”,23 | according to St. Nilus, and St. Basil the Great in his 314 8”,23 | to an icon of Christ. For St. Nicephorus says (in the 315 8”,23 | Pentecost, at a time when St. Paul had not become a disciple 316 8”,23 | and after the stoning of St. Stephen. For them to paint 317 8”,23 | prove that the assertion of St. Gregory the Theologian 318 8”,23 | Seraphim, who lived before St. Gregory, and not with reference 319 8”,23 | and not with reference to St. Athanasius, as Nicetas 320 8”,23 | Athanasius, as Nicetas says: for St. Athanasius was alive when 321 8”,23 | Athanasius was alive when St. Gregory lived, and not 322 8”,23 | 270] As for this saying, St. Paul in the Acts says that 323 8”,23 | Euthalius, a contemporary of St. Athanasius the Great, asserts 324 8”,23 | the Great, asserts that St. Paul took it from the Injunctions 325 8”,23 | death, concerning which St. John says, “there is a 326 8”,23 | 4th.~ ~ [277] Canon VI of St. Nicephorus allows such 327 8”,23 | for this reason, too, that St. Basil the Great says (in 328 8”,23 | render services to the nuns, St. Nicephorus also decrees 329 8”,23 | Read also the testimony of St. Chrysostom in the Footnote


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