contrary custom being reprobated, a canonical penalty
imposed through a penal trial prescribed in cann. 1468-1482, without prejudice
to the coercive power of the judge in the
mentioned expressly in the law. 2. If, however, in
judgment of the authority spoken of in 3, there are weighty
precluding a penal trial, and the proofs of the offense
certain, the offense can be punished by an extra-judicial
accordance with cann. 1486 and 1487, as long as it is
not a case
of a deprivation of office, title, insignia or a suspension for more than one
year, demotion to a lower grade, deposition or major excommunication. 3.
Besides the Apostolic See,
decree can be issued, within the limits of their competence, by the patriarch,
major archbishop, eparchial bishop and
superior of an institute of consecrated life who enjoys
governing power, all others being excluded.