Individual and integral confession and absolution constitute
ordinary way by which the Christian faithful who is aware of
sin is reconciled with God and the Church; only physical or moral impossibility
excuses one from confession of this
which case reconciliation can take place in other ways.
Absolution of many penitents at the same time without prior
confession cannot be imparted unless: (1) the danger
of death is
imminent and there is not time for the priest or
administer the sacrament of penance to the individual
(2) there is a grave necessity, that is, when in
the number of penitents, a supply of priests is not
to administer the sacrament of penance to the individual penitents within a
suitable time so that, through no fault
own, they are forced for a long time to be deprived of
grace or reception of the Divine Eucharist; it is not
a sufficient necessity if confession cannot be readily
only because of the great number of penitents as can
the occasion of some great feast or pilgrimage. 3.
eparchial bishop is competent to decide when such grave necessity exists and
can determine such a case of necessity with
prescriptions having taken counsel with the patriarch and
bishops of the other Churches sui iuris exercising
the same territory.