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Exsul Familia Nazarethana
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53. The special function of this College is to prepare young Italian priests of the secular clergy so that they may provide Italian migrants in foreign lands. Since this function is the same as that of the Pious Society of the Missionaries of St. Charles, we permit the Rector and the other governing officials and professors to be chosen from priests of the same Pious Society, to which we freely entrust this College. The requirements of the preceding number are still to be observed.
54. We also direct that, in the future, no priest be entrusted with the spiritual care of migrants until he has been properly prepared for an adequate period of time in the College mentioned above, and is thus recognized as suitable for such duties by his qualities of mind and heart, his doctrine, his knowledge of languages, his sound health and other requirements.
55. Especially in those dioceses from which the majority of migrants are leaving, let the bishops be mindful that they should do what is most useful to the cause of religion and most pleasing to us, namely, that they voluntarily send to the Pontifical College those young priests who are outstanding for virtue and zeal for souls and who wish to devote themselves entirely to the welfare of migrants.
58. Finally, in other regions and countries outside Italy to which migration is now taking place there may be a lack of adequate spiritual assistance for the Catholic migrants already there. In such areas the Ordinaries can, without doubt, provide this assistance if they follow care-fully the methods used for Italian migrants, as fully publicized in the Acts of the Roman Pontiffs, and hereby approved by us, with necessary modifications for the place and circumstances.
Therefore, having seriously considered the importance of this whole matter, and being impelled by the examples of Our Predecessors, and having given careful attention to the views of Adeodato G. Cardinal Piazza, Bishop of Sabina and Poggio Mirteto and Secretary of the Consistorial Congregation, we, hereby, do establish and prescribe all which is contained therein.
We now decree that what we hereby establish shall not be subject to attack for any reason whatsoever, even though it be enacted without the consent of those who have or claim to have the right to express their opinion on this matter, or even if they were not consulted or their opinion was not accepted. Furthermore, we declare that what we, hereby, have stated shall possess and retain its force, its validity, and its effectiveness until such time as it shall have obtained its full results. Finally, we publicly state that all those who are expected or will be expected to benefit by it should do so by careful observance.
This Constitution shall remain valid, notwithstanding anything to the contrary, including any other Apostolic Constitutions or dispositions of the Roman Pontiffs, our predecessors, as mentioned above or other Acts, however worthy of special mention or calling for canonical derogation.
No one, therefore, shall modify this text which expresses what we, hereby, establish, ordain, reject, direct, unite, admonish, forbid, command, and desire, nor shall anyone rashly oppose it. But if someone presume to do so, he should know that he will incur the wrath of the omnipotent God, and of His apostles Peter and Paul.
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