Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 1   II,     5.  9.  4|          isocyanates, platinum or nickel salts, complex plants, animal
 2   II,     5.  9.  4|          PM such as vanadium (V), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), ammonium (
 3   II,     5. 11.  3|     itself is often combined with nickel or other metals to make
 4   II,     5. 11.  3|          or earring backs made of nickel and plated with a thin and
 5   II,     5. 11.  3|        1999; DV Belsito, 1999).~ ~Nickel allergy is the most common
 6   II,     5. 11.  3|           prevalence (32.2 %) for nickel was observed consistently
 7   II,     5. 11.  3|           percentage positive for nickel (9.7%) were reported in
 8   II,     5. 11.  3|           et al, 2001). Moreover, nickel allergy can be so severe
 9   II,     5. 11.  3|      countries, the prevalence of nickel allergy among young females
10   II,     5. 11.  3|        Finland, the occurrence of nickel sensitivity in female university
11   II,     5. 11.  3|       1991).~ ~Once an allergy to nickel has been acquired, it generally
12   II,     5. 11.  3|          has become sensitized to nickel, when re-exposed to nickel
13   II,     5. 11.  3|        nickel, when re-exposed to nickel ions might have an allergic
14   II,     5. 11.  3|       much lower concentration of nickel than that required for inducing
15   II,     5. 11.  3| demonstrated that small pieces of nickel and other metals remain
16   II,     5. 11.  3|      researcher hypothesized that nickel was retained in the tissues
17   II,     5. 11.  3|           contact allergy to both nickel and cobalt, whereas 7 (0.
18   II,     5. 11.  3|           strong sensitization to nickel also react to other elements
19   II,     5. 11.  3|           posts that do not leach nickel but which contain other
20   II,     5. 11.  3|    concentration of sweat-soluble nickel from a localized area. In
21   II,     5. 11.  3|         EC limited the content of nickel in products where intimate
22   II,     5. 11.  3|       result in solubilization of nickel at a rate exceeding 0.5
23   II,     5. 11.  3|   experience ACD at this level of nickel release, whilst the vast
24   II,     5. 11.  3|           secondary prevention of nickel ACD. Many of the major suppliers
25   II,     5. 11.  3|           suppliers have included nickel in their quality control
26   II,     5. 11.  3|         the sensitization rate to nickel. Among Danish children aged
27   II,     5. 11.  3|       Danish children aged 018 , nickel allergy decreased significantly
28   II,     5. 11.  3|           piercing posts released nickel compared to a percentage
29   II,     5. 11.  3|          study published in 2003, nickel sensitization was found
30   II,     5. 11.  3|       2003). In the USA, where no nickel regulation has been introduced,
31   II,     5. 11.  3|   regulation has been introduced, nickel continues to be responsible
32   II,     5. 11.  3|        living in Rome allergic to nickel contained in cheap jewellery
33   II,     5. 11.  3|           of 20.8% and 21.9 % for nickel allergy, thus testifying
34   II,     5. 11.  3|           limitation not only for nickel but also for new allergens.
35   II,     5. 11.  3|       1994;31:308313.~AA Fisher, Nickel dermatitis in children,
36   II,     5. 11.  3|      Vølund, T Menné, Decrease in nickel sensitization in a Danish
37   II,     5. 11.  3|           Ear piercing–a cause of nickel allergy in schoolgirls?,
38   II,     5. 11.  3|          950.~C Lidén, K Norberg, Nickel on the Swedish market. Follow-up
39   II,     5. 11.  3|       after implementation of the Nickel Directive, Contact Dermatitis,
40   II,     5. 11.  3|           L Matt o, Prevalence of nickel allergy among Finnish university
41   II,     5. 11.  3|      Schnuch, W Uter, Decrease in nickel allergy in Germany and regulatory
42   II,     5. 11.  3|       1997;37(2):78-81.~H Suzuki, Nickel and gold in skin lesions
43   II,     5. 11.  3|       that 9% of school girls had nickel allergy, with the highest
44   II,     5. 11.  5|        has been adopted to reduce nickel contact with the skin to
45   II,     5. 11.  5|           with the skin to reduce nickel dermatitis, which can affect
46   II,     5. 11.  7|         Ear piercing – a cause of nickel allergy in schoolgirls.
47  III,    10.  1    |        radiation~Some metals e.g. nickel~pentachlorophenol~dioxins~
48  III,    10.  3.  2|         include people with known nickel allergy because of potential
49  III,    10.  3.  2|        radiation~Some metals e.g. nickel~pentachlorophenol~dioxins~
50  III,    10.  4.  2|         migration of chromium and nickel from metal ware, or the
51  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|         neuropsychiatric~newborns~nickel~nicotine~nitrate~nitrates~