1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1237
     Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

   1    -,     1            |                 have taken place both at EU and Member States levels.~ ~
   2    -,     1            |            appointed by them) of all the EU Member States, Croatia,
   3    -,     1            |          International Organizations and EU Agencies (Appendix 3); and (
   4    -,     1            |               has used can be useful for EU D.G.Health and Consumers”
   5    -,     1            |                the cooperation among the EU Member States and with the
   6    -,     1            |              Consumers (http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_
   7    I,     2.  1        |               For example, currently the EU is characterized by low
   8    I,     2.  1        |                 and late mortality. Most EU citizens still opt for marriage,
   9    I,     2.  1        |                  popular’. Moreover, the EU has turned into an immigration
  10    I,     2.  1        |                 the Northern part of the EU, ‘travelled’ to the Western,
  11    I,     2.  1        |        high-income countries such as the EU Member States through four
  12    I,     2.  1        |                 health take place in the EU is important to understand
  13    I,     2.  1        |               health developments in the EU. They are considered to
  14    I,     2.  2        |             animal fodder (89%) into the EU during 2004 (Eurostat).~ ~
  15    I,     2.  3        |                 population ageing in the EU. Nevertheless, migration
  16    I,     2.  3        |                 to adapt.~ ~Migration to EU countries has been constantly
  17    I,     2.  3        |               and over the last 5 years, EU net migrant inflows reached
  18    I,     2.  3        |               and welfare standards.~The EU is set to remain a popular
  19    I,     2.  3        |                influx of migrants in the EU may impact on health services
  20    I,     2.  3        |                  to be eradicated in the EU (e.g. tuberculosis, malaria,
  21    I,     2.  3        |                  from Western countries (EU Member States, Northern
  22    I,     2.  3        |             non-immigrants.~ ~Within the EU, a significant population
  23    I,     2.  4        |               differences existing among EU Member States in terms of
  24    I,     2.  4        |         countries already members of the EU before 2004 and of those
  25    I,     2.  4        |                  of those who joined the EU in 2004.~ ~Figure 2.2. Gross
  26    I,     2.  4        |                 last 10 years of all the EU member States and allows
  27    I,     2.  4.  0(1) |                   epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/PGP_
  28    I,     2.  4        |                 the UK presidency of the EU in October 2005, and other
  29    I,     2.  4        |        improvements in health across the EU, access to healthcare remains
  30    I,     2.  5.  0(2) |         Available at: http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/reports.~
  31    I,     2.  5        |                The report highlights the EU’s commitment to increase
  32    I,     2.  5        |         countries compared to 40% in the EU. Although recent progress
  33    I,     2.  5        |             million immigrating into the EU every year.~ ~According
  34    I,     2.  5        |                pace and workload. In the EU, work-related stress is
  35    I,     2.  5.  0(3) |                   epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/PGP_
  36    I,     2.  6        |              differences are shown among EU Member States both in terms
  37    I,     2.  6        |             upper secondary education in EU Member States, candidates
  38    I,     2.  6        |                is evident throughout the EU. There are more women than
  39    I,     2.  6        |                 in 5 level programmes in EU Member States. Women accounted
  40    I,     2.  6        |                 to one on average in the Eu in 2004, the opposite occurs
  41    I,     2.  6        |                 enrolled in education in EU is expected to decline from
  42    I,     2.  6        |                  population, the average EU student ratio is expected
  43    I,     2.  7        |                  populations. Within the EU, urbanisation is already
  44    I,     2.  7        |                settlements which in many EU countries represent a significant
  45    I,     2. 10.  3    |                deploying and modernising EU policy instruments to encourage
  46    I,     2. 10.  3    |               online services across the EU. This information can often
  47    I,     2. 10.  3    |            Information Society under the EU Research Framework programmes
  48    I,     2. 10.  4(14)|                  Piracy – Results at the EU Border 2006”, European Commission,
  49    I,     2. 10.  4    |                possible benefits.~ ~Some EU Member States have regulated
  50    I,     2. 10.  4    |                primary objectives of the EU.~A few EU Member States
  51    I,     2. 10.  4    |              objectives of the EU.~A few EU Member States are also investigating
  52    I,     2. 11        |                Situation and Demography (EU DG Employment and Social
  53    I,     2. 11        |           available at: http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/social_
  54    I,     2. 11        |                at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_
  55    I,     2. 11        |            available at http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/spsi/docs/
  56    I,     2. 11        |                   epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-AF-05-001/
  57    I,     2. 11        |          proceedings. http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/conference/
  58    I,     3.Acr        |                 New Member States of the EU~TFR Total Period Fertility
  59    I,     3.  1        |              below 2.0. In several other EU Member States, the TFR was
  60    I,     3.  1        |               the current millennium, no EU Member State has a TFR above
  61    I,     3.  1        |                  woman everywhere in the EU. In 2005 Ireland (1.88)
  62    I,     3.  1        |                 many as 16 out of the 27 EU Member States had fertility
  63    I,     3.  1        |                decades among the various EU Member States. Northern
  64    I,     3.  1        |              rates than elsewhere in the EU, although still below replacement;
  65    I,     3.  1        |               was 23 to 24 years in many EU Member States, although
  66    I,     3.  1        |                  around 27 to 29 in most EU Member States in Northern,
  67    I,     3.  2        |             years, the population of the EU with 27 Member States, although
  68    I,     3.  2        |             total population increase in EU Member States, whereas more
  69    I,     3.  2        |                 population growth in the EU.~ ~ ~In 1960, around 13
  70    I,     3.  2        |             Population growth within the EU has different faces across
  71    I,     3.  2        |                 1960 to 2006 the overall EU population increased by
  72    I,     3.  2        |                 1960.~ ~Although, in the EU in the 1960-2006 period
  73    I,     3.  2        |              projection expects that the EU will have 472 million inhabitants
  74    I,     3.  2        |                 population growth in the EU and this has of course implications
  75    I,     3.  2        |                recent enlargement of the EU to 27 Member States will
  76    I,     3.  2        |             States will reduce the total EU population growth as several
  77    I,     3.  2        |           immigration regulations in the EU member States result in
  78    I,     3.  2        |              born abroad. Together these EU Members States accommodate
  79    I,     3.  2        |               and over the last 5 years, EU net migrant inflows reached
  80    I,     3.  2        |                 welfare standards.~ ~The EU is set to remain a popular
  81    I,     3.  3        |                 of the 21st century many EU Member States may face some ‘
  82    I,     3.  3        |               largest age bracket in the EU pyramid consists of those
  83    I,     3.  3        |                  While about 1.6% of all EU citizens were born in 1963,
  84    I,     3.  3        |                  The pyramid for the New EU Member States (NMS12) shows
  85    I,     3.  3        |                 aged nations’ within the EU according to this criterion,
  86   II,     4.  1        |             years) than elsewhere in the EU (6 to 7 years). For the
  87   II,     4.  1        |             question both for individual EU Member States (MS) and the
  88   II,     4.  1        |               Member States (MS) and the EU as a whole. Over a long
  89   II,     4.  1        |             Indicators. HLY is the first EU Structural Indicator on
  90   II,     4.  1        |            longevity observed across the EU and between genders justifies
  91   II,     4.  1        |                 1). Although in 2005 the EU life expectancy at birth
  92   II,     4.  1        |          monitoring progress towards the EU target of increasing the
  93   II,     4.  1        |               social cohesion across the EU.~ ~In summary. residents
  94   II,     4.  1        |                 a fair assessment of the EU situation in comparison
  95   II,     4.  1        |               Strategic Approach for the EU 2008-13” has as the first
  96   II,     4.  1        |                monitor health within the EU must be recognised and fully
  97   II,     4.  1        |                 these strategies for the EU have already been promoted
  98   II,     4.  1        |            common indicators between the EU and the USA are further
  99   II,     4.  1        |            population health to meet the EU political agenda. Indeed,
 100   II,     4.  2        |               expectancy at birth across EU countries can be attributed
 101   II,     4.  2        |              changes in life expectancy, EU 15 average.~ ~These age
 102   II,     4.  2        |             decline were visible in most EU countries. In all countries,
 103   II,     4.  2        |                in life expectancy in all EU countries. In most countries,
 104   II,     4.  2        |                 considerably. In Eastern EU countries, life expectancy
 105   II,     4.  2        |           favourably than in the Western EU countries, particularly
 106   II,     4.  2        |              cause of death for selected EU countries for the periods
 107   II,     4.  2        |            selected countries.~ ~In most EU countries, the decline in
 108   II,     4.  2        |            expectancy at 65 for selected EU countries. Only countries
 109   II,     4.  2        |              decades. In several Eastern EU countries there was a negative
 110   II,     4.  2        |         countries except for the Eastern EU countries. Thus it can be
 111   II,     4.  2        |              that apart from the Eastern EU countries for men there
 112   II,     4.  2        |               the development in Eastern EU countries has been negative.
 113   II,     4.  2        |                  negative. In most other EU countries, life expectancy
 114   II,     4.  3        |           Healthy life expectancy in the EU 15. Montpellier, EHEMU.~ ~
 115   II,     4.  3        |               differences between the 25 EU countries. Montpellier,
 116   II,     5.  1.  1    |        significantly to mortality in the EU. Main non lethal chronic
 117   II,     5.  2.Acr    |           European Society of Cardiology~EU~European Union~EUROASPIRE~
 118   II,     5.  2.  1    |                all cases of death in the EU. In the EU, one in six men
 119   II,     5.  2.  1    |                  death in the EU. In the EU, one in six men and one
 120   II,     5.  2.  1    |               within the European Union (EU) (Allender et al, 2008).
 121   II,     5.  2.  1    |              quality of life.~ ~Although EU is experiencing declining
 122   II,     5.  2.  1    |            leading cause of mortality in EU, accounting for over 741,
 123   II,     5.  2.  1    |            leading cause of death in the EU accounting for 508,000 deaths
 124   II,     5.  2.  2    |                   in the European Union (EU) and the proportion of cause-specific
 125   II,     5.  2.  2    |                 et al, 2006). For the 27 EU member states age-standardized (
 126   II,     5.  2.  2    |                last 3 years available in EU Member States.~The last
 127   II,     5.  2.  3    |                  all causes of deaths in EU (Figure 5.1.1). Around half
 128   II,     5.  2.  3    |               Table 5.2.4. WHO-MONICA 13 EU population. Mean annual
 129   II,     5.  2.  3    |                 of CVD morbidity data in EU.~ ~
 130   II,     5.  2.  3    |                 common cause of death in EU, accounting for over 508.
 131   II,     5.  2.  3    |                  6. WHO-MONICA Project 6 EU population. Age-standardized
 132   II,     5.  2.  4    |               different age ranges in 22 EU countries.~ ~Table 5.2.8.
 133   II,     5.  2.  4    |               hypercholesterolemia in 27 EU countries for men and women
 134   II,     5.  2.  4    |        prevalence of smoking habit in 27 EU countries for men and women
 135   II,     5.  2.  4    |           defined as BMI 30kg/m2 ) in 27 EU countries for men and women
 136   II,     5.  2.  5    |                 this context.~High-level EU documents, particularly
 137   II,     5.  2.  5    |                  ensure solidarity among EU Member States.~The majority
 138   II,     5.  2.  5    |                 is fully reported in the EU Treaty (Article 152 of the
 139   II,     5.  2.  5    |               Treaty (Article 152 of the EU Treaty) and in the objectives
 140   II,     5.  2.  5    |                 in the objectives of the EU’s Lisbon Agenda and the
 141   II,     5.  3.  2    |                  programmes: a number of EU cancer registries already
 142   II,     5.  3.  2    |               Cancer Registration in the EU~ ~About one hundred cancer
 143   II,     5.  3.  2    |               see above). Yet in several EU Member States, severe constraints
 144   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 registry activity in the EU. The cost of human and capital
 145   II,     5.  3.  2    |              treatment programmes:~· the EU should recommend that all
 146   II,     5.  3.  2    |           comparison of cancer burden in EU.~ ~
 147   II,     5.  3.  2    |           imprimatur network helping all EU Member States to improve
 148   II,     5.  3.  2    |           knowledge on cancer across the EU. The specific aim of EUROCHIP
 149   II,     5.  3.  2    |                potential contribution to EU 2015 Cancer Target; development
 150   II,     5.  3.  2    |                potential contribution to EU 2015 Cancer Target. See:
 151   II,     5.  3.  7    |              control plans~ ~A number of EU Member States (see Table
 152   II,     5.  3.  7    |                control plans in place in EU and year of adoption in
 153   II,     5.  3.  7    |               and year of adoption in 27 EU Member States and other
 154   II,     5.  3.  7    |             Portuguese Presidency of the EU, during a Parallel Session
 155   II,     5.  3.  7    |               action is required in most EU Member States to develop
 156   II,     5.  3.  7    |               took over the chair of the EU Council in January 2008,
 157   II,     5.  3.  7    |                 health institutes in the EU, under the Fighting Against
 158   II,     5.  3.  7    |               the Commission to set up a EU Cancer Task Force to provide
 159   II,     5.  3.  7    |         participants from throughout the EU, many of whom are leaders
 160   II,     5.  3.  9    |             Portuguese Presidency of the EU (JulyDecember 2007) Health
 161   II,     5.  3.  9    |             Portuguese Presidency of the EU (JulyDecember 2007) Health
 162   II,     5.  4.  1    |                prevalence of 8.5% in the EU 27 Member States, equivalent
 163   II,     5.  4.  1    |             observed among the different EU Member States. Germany and
 164   II,     5.  4.  1    |                with type 2 diabetes in 8 EU countries: Belgium, France,
 165   II,     5.  4.  1    |                 diabetes at national and EU level. As for many other
 166   II,     5.  4.  2    |          different priorities adopted by EU Member States for the collection
 167   II,     5.  4.  2    |              PatientsAssociations from EU countries joined diabetes
 168   II,     5.  4.  2    |              optimise health care in all EU countries through the definition
 169   II,     5.  4.  2    |            Declaration and funded by the EU across the 90s. Diabcare
 170   II,     5.  4.  2    |                HMP Health surveys in the EU: HIS and HIS/HES evaluations
 171   II,     5.  4.  2    |               Network (SPSN). In several EU countries, primary care
 172   II,     5.  4.  2    |                to be realised across the EU and it will require considerable
 173   II,     5.  4.  2    |                  that is lacking in most EU countries at the national
 174   II,     5.  4.  2    |              uniform surveillance in the EU, emphasize the importance
 175   II,     5.  4.  2    |             comparable and applicable at EU level.~Measurement of total
 176   II,     5.  4.  3    |                remain scarce both in the EU and worldwide.~Here we will
 177   II,     5.  4.  3    |          worldwide.~Here we will present EU diabetes data mainly referring
 178   II,     5.  4.  3    |              been observed in almost all EU countries over ten years,
 179   II,     5.  4.  3    |                 2006) show results for 7 EU countries ranging between
 180   II,     5.  4.  3    |                 OECD collected data on 7 EU countries, with retinal
 181   II,     5.  4.  3    |                 reported by OECD from 13 EU countries lead to a median
 182   II,     5.  4.  4    |         collecting and analysing data at EU level. There are very large
 183   II,     5.  4.  6    |         comparable indicators within the EU has become urgent in order
 184   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 its complications in the EU requires carefully selected
 185   II,     5.  4.  6    |                  geographical level. The EU Program of Community Action
 186   II,     5.  4.  6    |                  2008, only 13 of the 27 EU Member States (IDF European
 187   II,     5.  4.  6    |                be duly considered by all EU countries. At the moment,
 188   II,     5.  4.  6    |                                 5.4.6.5. EU initiatives against diabetes~
 189   II,     5.  4.  6    |              have been undertaken by the EU through a number of documents:~·
 190   II,     5.  4.  6    |               number of documents:~· the EU Health Council in 2004,
 191   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 80 representatives of 35 EU and national diabetes associations,
 192   II,     5.  4.  6    |            associations, recommended the EU to take immediate steps
 193   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 for the development of a EU Council Recommendation for
 194   II,     5.  4.  6    |               the recommendations of the EU Conference on Prevention
 195   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 in June 2006 as Diabetes EU policy;~· the International
 196   II,     5.  4.  6    |           presented the paperDiabetes: EU Policy Recommendations”
 197   II,     5.  4.  6    |             Table 5.4.1);~ ~Table 5.4.1. EU Council Recommendations~
 198   II,     5.  4.  6    |              Building on the work of the EU Platform for Action on Diet,
 199   II,     5.  4.  6    |             diabetes into account across EU policies.~· to continue
 200   II,     5.  4.  7    |                  The key elements of the EU Strategy should include
 201   II,     5.  4.  7    |           sustainable way all around the EU. The most natural direction
 202   II,     5.  4.  7    |                 to be submitted into the EU portal.~Once realised (May
 203   II,     5.  4.  7    |                  software will allow the EU web portal to directly tap
 204   II,     5.  4.  7    |                  regions belonging to 20 EU Member States. EUBIROD will
 205   II,     5.  4.  7    |                 automatically populate a EU Report that will be based
 206   II,     5.  4.  8    |              http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_Data/docs/pressdata/
 207   II,     5.  4.  8    |               Project,~[http://www.eucid.eu/eucid/binary/retrieveFile?
 208   II,     5.  4.  8    |                  at: [http://www.idf.org/EU_diabetes_report_2005]~(report
 209   II,     5.  5.Int    |             exclusion. The impact on the EU economy of mental ill health
 210   II,     5.  5.Int(8) |           available at: http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_projects/2001/
 211   II,     5.  5.Int    |                 mental ill health in the EU are anxiety disorders and
 212   II,     5.  5.Int    |                     Schizophrenia in the EU has a prevalence of about
 213   II,     5.  5.Int    |            prevalence of epilepsy in the EU varies between 3 and 6 per
 214   II,     5.  5.Int    |                policy initiatives20. The EU 2003-2008 Public Health
 215   II,     5.  5.Int    |                consultation to develop a EU strategy on mental health.
 216   II,     5.  5.Int    |            mental health for some of the EU's strategic policy objectives,
 217   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  in Western and Southern EU Member States (Alonso et
 218   II,     5.  5.  1    |           estimated to be euro 118 bn in EU and EFTA countries (Sobocki
 219   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 WHO survey including six EU Member States found lifetime
 220   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 26% in the participating EU member States (Kessler et
 221   II,     5.  5.  1    |                Mann, 2008).~ ~Across the EU, about 59 000 citizens,
 222   II,     5.  5.  1    |               000 deaths (Eurostat). The EU Member States differ from
 223   II,     5.  5.  1    |           suicide rates. Seven of the 27 EU Member States are among
 224   II,     5.  5.  1    |          standardised death rate) in the EU.~ ~In most Member States,
 225   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu). Still, suicide is an important
 226   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 health morbidity between EU countries. There are also
 227   II,     5.  5.  1    |              only about one third of the EU Member States. Due to reason
 228   II,     5.  5.  1    |            ideations and attempts in six EU Member States. The following
 229   II,     5.  5.  1    |            people aged 50 and over in 13 EU Member States. They do not
 230   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 considerably between the EU Member States. The Eurostat
 231   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  in 1995 and 2005 in the EU. Source: Eurostat~ ~The
 232   II,     5.  5.  1    |             Control tools and policies~ ~EU Mental Health Policies~ ~
 233   II,     5.  5.  1    |                the Mental Health Pact.~ ~EU co-funded mental health
 234   II,     5.  5.  1    |              mental health projects from EU Public Health Programmes
 235   II,     5.  5.  1    |               project co-funded from the EU was conducted in 1997-98.
 236   II,     5.  5.  1    |              proposed priorities for the EU, which included priority
 237   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  been co-funded from the EU Public Health Programmes.
 238   II,     5.  5.  1    |            mental health policies in the EU.~o Putting Mental Health
 239   II,     5.  5.  1    |           analyse and report all data.~ ~EU activities other than in
 240   II,     5.  5.  1    |              online at: http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_determinants/life_
 241   II,     5.  5.  2    |                prevalence of dementia in EU is estimated to be 1.1-1.
 242   II,     5.  5.  2    |            guardianship moves to another EU country where the law covering
 243   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 A lot of European Union (EU) Member States, non-EU Member
 244   II,     5.  5.  3    |           various countries including 23 EU and non-EU countries (Austria,
 245   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Member States as well as EU Candidate States (Croatia,
 246   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  different countries (10 EU Member States: Austria,
 247   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Examination Questionnaire~EU~European Union~EUFIC~The
 248   II,     5.  5.  3    |              Region; in a quarter of the EU countries recently studied,
 249   II,     5.  5.  3    |         antipsychotics compared to other EU countries.~With regards
 250   II,     5.  5.  3    |                practice. However, in the EU 15 countries there is a
 251   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 of care available in the EU member states and respective
 252   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  2007).~As stated in the EU Green Paper for Mental Health,
 253   II,     5.  5.  3    |             available by the WHO and the EU Commission. The papers reflected
 254   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 to build the basis for a EU strategy to improve mental
 255   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Mental Health in the EUKey facts, figures and
 256   II,     5.  5.  3    |              Mental Health Pact during a EU Health Ministerial conference
 257   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 step towards a concerted EU strategy (Knapp et al, 2007).~
 258   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Available at: ec.europa.eu/health/ph_determinants/life_
 259   II,     5.  5.  3    |               and Recommendations of the EU Consultative Platform on
 260   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Mental Health.~ec.europa.eu/health/ph_determinants/life_
 261   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 ASD data, several of the EU countries have underlined
 262   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 compare data between the EU countrie, and thereby increase
 263   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 common format across the EU, will provide the strongest,
 264   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  CP) and ASD data in the EU. This will be done by comparing
 265   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 License Committee of the EU in 2004. This group, which
 266   II,     5.  5.  3    |                submitted a report to the EU Driving License Committee.~
 267   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 which are present in any EU member state, have a fundamental
 268   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  the legislations of the EU governments regarding employment
 269   II,     5.  5.  3    |              regards to “European Union (EU) 27”, European Fair Trade
 270   II,     5.  5.  3    |               impact of the Directive on EU citizens with multiple sclerosis
 271   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 MS and employment in the EU is in its final phases and
 272   II,     5.  5.  3    |    interpretation and application of the EU directive on employment
 273   II,     5.  5.  3    |               Sclerosis Platform and all EU Multiple Sclerosis Societies.
 274   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 ms within and across the EU Member States.~ ~EU Consensus
 275   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  the EU Member States.~ ~EU Consensus documents and
 276   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  27 member states of the EU; together with other societies
 277   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  quality of services for EU citizens affected by Multiple
 278   II,     5.  5.  3    |             practice sharing between the EU Member States. The project
 279   II,     5.  5.  3    |             contrast and compare current EU member statesnational
 280   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Neurol 11:511–520~EUROPA. The EU at a glance. European Governments
 281   II,     5.  5.  3    |              Multiple Sclerosis Platform~EU~European Union~HRQoL~Health-related
 282   II,     5.  5.  3    |               States compared to the new EU members. One reason might
 283   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 to the people in the new EU members.~There are several
 284   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 which are present in any EU Member State, have a fundamental
 285   II,     5.  5.  3    |               people including PD in the EU currently are: (i) living
 286   II,     5.  6.  3    |          activities and a quarter of all EU respondents say that at
 287   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 is not available for all EU countries. However, major
 288   II,     5.  7.Acr    |                  End Stage Renal Disease~EU~European Union~GFR~Glomerular
 289   II,     5.  7.  1    |                CKD is of concern also in EU countries. CKD is a dangerous
 290   II,     5.  7.  2    |        prevalence of CKD (stages 1-5) in EU countries were summarised
 291   II,     5.  7.  2    |         unpublished information for some EU countries was derived from
 292   II,     5.  7.  2    |                     In quite a number of EU Member States renal registries
 293   II,     5.  7.  2    |                  of renal failure in the EU.~ ~For this report incidence
 294   II,     5.  7.  3    |                  Prevalence~ ~For the 27 EU Member countries, national
 295   II,     5.  7.  3    |                reasonably similar across EU countries and more frequent
 296   II,     5.  7.  3    |                 disease per stage in two EU Countries~ ~Prevalence of
 297   II,     5.  7.  3    |                reasonably similar across EU countries and more frequent
 298   II,     5.  7.  4    |              economic development across EU Member States, the causes
 299   II,     5.  7.  6    |             regional renal registries in EU Member States have started
 300   II,     5.  7.  6    |                  to stimulate the future EU wide availability of comparable
 301   II,     5.  8.  3    |                 incidence of COPD in the EU, mainly deriving from isolated
 302   II,     5.  8.  3    |               year among adults in seven EU cities (Angers, Bonn, Bratislava,
 303   II,     5.  8.  3    |                  provides data for a few EU Countries, collected by
 304   II,     5.  8.  3    |              centres of 16 countries (13 EU and EFTA countries) collected
 305   II,     5.  8.  5    |               new support offered by the EU to the research on chronic
 306   II,     5.  9.  3    |               been emphasized in several EU countries (such as England,
 307   II,     5.  9.  3    |                  000 per year worldwide. EU mortality due to asthma (
 308   II,     5.  9.  3    |               per 100,000 people) in all EU Countries are significantly
 309   II,     5.  9.  4    |                effects of smoking in the EU. Tobacco exposure, in fact,
 310   II,     5.  9.  4    |               RAIAP project 1 (ec.europa.eu/research/quality-of-life/
 311   II,     5.  9.  4    |        collaborative project) (ec.europa.eu/research/environment/pdf/
 312   II,     5.  9.  5    |       recommendations are focused in the EU on :~1. promoting healthy
 313   II,     5.  9.  7    |              2006): The PASTURE project: EU support for the improvement
 314   II,     5. 10.Acr    |           European Food safety Authority~EU~European Union~FA~Food Allergy~
 315   II,     5. 10.  2    |                 from the European Union (EU) until December 2001. The
 316   II,     5. 10.  2    |                  other information (e.g. EU legislation) and taxonomic
 317   II,     5. 10.  2    |                 and Member States of the EU on the question of labelling
 318   II,     5. 10.  2    |             Allergy, unspecified~Source: EU SCOOP Report of experts
 319   II,     5. 10.  3    |               food challenge (0.8-2.4%) (EU SCOOP, 1998).~ ~The prevalence
 320   II,     5. 10.  4    |        population subgroups in different EU countries is both the first
 321   II,     5. 10.  5    |              compulsory labelling in the EU when used in the in the
 322   II,     5. 10.  7    |                Journal 32, 1-197.~htt ~ ~EU SCOOP (European Union Scientific
 323   II,     5. 10.  7    |                 experts participating in EU Scientific Cooperation.
 324   II,     5. 10.  7    |             severe food allergies in the EU”. April 1998.~Fasano A,
 325   II,     5. 12.Acr    |                APC~Annual percent change~EU~European Union~HBV~Hepatitis
 326   II,     5. 12.  2    |                Scotland. European Union (EU) as a whole included the
 327   II,     5. 13        |                 Europe region.~ ~Current EU environments favour overweight
 328   II,     5. 13        |            States of the European Union (EU) (Commission of the European
 329   II,     5. 13        |                 is estimated that in the EU, obesity accounts for up
 330   II,     5. 13        |                  of obesity in the EU15 (EU members before 2004) were
 331   II,     5. 13        |                 those carried out in the EU (Branca et al, 2007a; Branca
 332   II,     5. 14.  2    |             EGOHID I project (www.egohid.eu), identified for this document
 333   II,     5. 14.  5    |                  Indicators (www. egohid.eu). The objectives of this
 334   II,     5. 14.  5    |                  and Yamamoto, 2005). An EU oral health strategy must
 335   II,     5. 14.  5    |              cross-sectoral work both at EU and at national level. The
 336   II,     5. 14.  6    |         countries in the European Union (EU). It recognises oral health
 337   II,     5. 14.  6    |        strengthen cooperation within the EU and move towards a collaborative
 338   II,     5. 15.  3    |                  drugs authorised in the EU and how these prices were
 339   II,     5. 15.  3    |            medicinal products are on the EU market following this regulation.
 340   II,     5. 15.  4    |                place in Europe either at EU level or at Member States (
 341   II,     5. 15.  4    |                orphan designation in the EU and describes the incentives (
 342   II,     5. 15.  4    |                  on rare diseases in the EU Member States; develop European
 343   II,     5. 15.  4    |                  cooperation between the EU programmes; encourage EU
 344   II,     5. 15.  4    |                 EU programmes; encourage EU MS in developing national
 345   II,     5. 15.  4    |              initiatives at MS level and EU level.~ ~A Community action
 346   II,     5. 15.  4    |                rare diseases. As a first EU effort in this area, specific
 347   II,     5. 15.  4    |                 of the priorities in the EU Public Health Programme
 348   II,     5. 15.  4    |            exchange and co-ordination at EU level to encourage continuity
 349   II,     5. 15.  5    |                Future developments~ ~The EU and several MS have well
 350   II,     5. 15.  5    |                  and patient care in the EU are expected to change rapidly.
 351   II,     5. 15.  5    |                  will improve access for EU citizens to treatment requiring
 352   II,     6.  1        |               diseases in 2005 in the 25 EU countries and the three
 353   II,     6.  1        |                  action is needed in the EU to anticipate and counter
 354   II,     6.  3.  1    |              measures) could lead to the EU, and eventually Europe,
 355   II,     6.  3.  1    |                 highest incidence in the EU belong to this group. Rising
 356   II,     6.  3.  1    |             crude incidence rates in the EU (Chlamydia infection and
 357   II,     6.  3.  1    |              general trends (19952005), EU incidence (2005), main age
 358   II,     6.  3.  1    |               also shows that across the EU there is a heterogeneity
 359   II,     6.  3.  1    |                  with the Member States, EU level initiatives can assist
 360   II,     6.  3.  1    |             million. Extrapolated to the EU level these country estimates
 361   II,     6.  3.  1    |             indicate annual costs in the EU of the order of billions
 362   II,     6.  3.  2    |                 bacteria and virus under EU surveillance the overall
 363   II,     6.  3.  2    |                 For other bacteria under EU surveillance, such as the
 364   II,     6.  3.  2    |                 are immense. The current EU surveillance networks are
 365   II,     6.  3.  2    |                the emergence of AMR, the EU Health Council has provided
 366   II,     6.  3.  2    |        infections). Furthermore, several EU Member States still do not
 367   II,     6.  3.  3    |            strains most prevalent in the EU and its association with
 368   II,     6.  3.  3    |              including the data from the EU and EEA/EFTA countries (
 369   II,     6.  3.  3    |                patterns in the different EU Member States in terms of
 370   II,     6.  3.  3    |                 new HIV diagnoses in the EU is due to a steady increase
 371   II,     6.  3.  3    |               have been observed in most EU countries. Exceptions are
 372   II,     6.  3.  3    |             transmission within the host EU country does occur.~ ~Control
 373   II,     6.  3.  3    |                  with HIV (PLHIV) in the EU are unaware of their infection.
 374   II,     6.  3.  3    |                of infected people in the EU receive highly active anti-retroviral
 375   II,     6.  3.  3    |            improve these services in the EU.~ ~
 376   II,     6.  3.  3    |                 of Gonorrhoea within the EU, 1995 - 2004~ ~Syphilis~ ~
 377   II,     6.  3.  3    |               unacceptably common in the EU. It is a potentially eradicable
 378   II,     6.  3.  3    |               HBV infection. Most of the EU Member States have included
 379   II,     6.  3.  4    |                  of ‘mediumsize in the EU.~ ~Most EU Member States
 380   II,     6.  3.  4    |                   size in the EU.~ ~Most EU Member States follow the
 381   II,     6.  3.  4    |               currently underused in the EU. Some countries cannot routinely
 382   II,     6.  3.  4    |                  concerted effort by all EU countries to strengthen
 383   II,     6.  3.  4    |                 Member States as well as EU institutions to reach an
 384   II,     6.  3.  4    |          influenza research;~· improving EU influenza laboratory capacity.~ ~ ~ ~
 385   II,     6.  3.  4    |                  early90s, a number of EU countries experienced an
 386   II,     6.  3.  4    |              health authorities. In many EU countries TB is becoming
 387   II,     6.  3.  4    |               000 selected countries and EU 25~Figure 6.A1.2 Tubercolosis
 388   II,     6.  3.  4    |                by age groups~ ~ ~ ~ ~The EU countries today fall into
 389   II,     6.  3.  4    |                  Europe which joined the EU in 2004, where TB rates
 390   II,     6.  3.  4    |                 low.~ ~ ~In 2005, the 25 EU countries plus Iceland and
 391   II,     6.  3.  4    |                 cases reported. With the EU expansion in 2007, Romania
 392   II,     6.  3.  4    |              pattern has changed. In the EU, TB is most prevalent in
 393   II,     6.  3.  4    |    high-prevalence countries outside the EU, the homeless, prisoners
 394   II,     6.  3.  4    |           relatively important.~ ~In the EU in 2005, 22% of AIDS cases
 395   II,     6.  3.  4    |             between 1996 and 2002 in the EU. Since 2002, the incidence
 396   II,     6.  3.  4    |          appeared in Europe in 2005, the EU was largely spared from
 397   II,     6.  3.  5    |               almost eradicated from the EU. There have been no endemic
 398   II,     6.  3.  5    |               show a good decline in the EU (apart from mumps in recent
 399   II,     6.  3.  5    |             almost three quarters of all EU measles cases. The same
 400   II,     6.  3.  5    |           somewhat more complex: overall EU incidence seems to be rising
 401   II,     6.  3.  5    |                 remain stable across the EU at between five and six
 402   II,     6.  3.  5    |                  of these are in the new EU Member States (figure 6.
 403   II,     6.  3.  5    |            vaccine was registered in the EU in early 2001, and 12 European
 404   II,     6.  3.  5    |            immunisation schedules in the EU countries except in Poland,
 405   II,     6.  3.  5    |            overall incidence rate in the EU was 4.10 per 100 000 per
 406   II,     6.  3.  5    |                  Close monitoring in all EU countries is needed to better
 407   II,     6.  3.  5    |                 the period. In the other EU countries, cases are only
 408   II,     6.  3.  5    |                 overall incidence in the EU was 0.28 per 100 000 per
 409   II,     6.  3.  6    |              food safety authorities. At EU level, besides the ECDC,
 410   II,     6.  3.  6    |                 a declining trend in the EU. Campylobacter is the most
 411   II,     6.  3.  6    |               food-borne bacteria in the EU, and may have been slightly
 412   II,     6.  3.  6    |                  imported disease to the EU, with almost no secondary
 413   II,     6.  3.  6    |                are not reportable in the EU, but are important causes
 414   II,     6.  3.  6    |                reported enteritis in the EU, but the high degree of
 415   II,     6.  3.  6    |                 overall incidence in the EU was 2.23 per 100 000 per
 416   II,     6.  3.  6    |                in meat inspection in the EU. The risk remains higher
 417   II,     6.  3.  6    |                cases were reported by 18 EU Member States. Slovakia
 418   II,     6.  3.  7    |                 only tularaemia is under EU surveillance. This is a
 419   II,     6.  3.  7    |                  reported as such in the EU.~ ~A number of exotic diseases,
 420   II,     6.  3.  7    |                should be reported to the EU network, but these cases
 421   II,     6.  3.  7    |                  any transmission in the EU, but rather to ensure that
 422   II,     6.  3.  7    |                  public health threat to EU citizens. Some of these
 423   II,     6.  3.  7    |              adequate information to the EU public.~ ~Environmental,
 424   II,     6.  3.  7    |          reported number of cases in the EU has been very variable,
 425   II,     6.  3.  7    |              incidence was stable in the EU during the period 19952004,
 426   II,     6.  3.  7    |                 were reported across the EU (total 21 cases). In 2005,
 427   II,     6.  3.  7    |         re-introduction of rabies in the EU via travelling or by the
 428   II,     6.  3.  7    |               including the whole of the EU. As a result, the disease
 429   II,     6.  4.  1    |                  listed on http://europa.eu.int) to be placed progressively
 430   II,     6.  4.  1    |                  listed on http://europa.eu.int) have been created.~ ~
 431   II,     6.  4.  2    |                 for which a co-ordinated EU action may be required (
 432   II,     6.  4.  2    |                effective response by the EU to events (including emergencies)
 433   II,     6.  4.  3    |             pandemic preparedness of the EU Member States~ ~The Commission
 434   II,     6.  4.  3    |                and response plans by the EU countries;~· outbreak management;~·
 435   II,     6.  4.  4    |                 health institutes of the EU, the US-CDC, Canada and
 436   II,     6.  4.  4    |                  An evaluation of future EU needs in that respect was
 437   II,     7.Acr        |          Statistics on Accidents at Work~EU~European Union~EuroSafe~
 438   II,     7.Acr        |              Related Health Problems~IDB~EU Injury Data Base~ILO~International
 439   II,     7.  1        |             common cause of death in the EU Member States after cardiovascular
 440   II,     7.  1        |                 of injuries in different EU Member Countries, although
 441   II,     7.  1        |       Traditionally injury prevention in EU Member States is segregated
 442   II,     7.  1        |           mortality and morbidity in the EU, a discussion of the evidence
 443   II,     7.  2        |                burden of injuries in the EU. These data sources comprise:~ ~
 444   II,     7.  2        |                  view of injuries in the EU:~ ~
 445   II,     7.  2.  1    |                most Member States of the EU and is submitted to EuroStat (
 446   II,     7.  2.  1    |                 basis for developing the EU Injury Database (IDB) Coding
 447   II,     7.  2.  4    |                   oldEU-Member States (EU 15) and Norway. The methodology
 448   II,     7.  2.  6    |                                   7.2.6. EU Injury Database (IDB)~ ~
 449   II,     7.  2.  6    |                   The core survey of the EU Injury Database is based
 450   II,     7.  2.  6    |                data is aggregated at the EU level in a standardised
 451   II,     7.  3.  1    |                  view of injuries in the EU” by different sectors of
 452   II,     7.  3.  1    |          overview of national surveys at EU level anticipate also the
 453   II,     7.  3.  1    |                in the future through the EU Health Interview Surveys
 454   II,     7.  3.  1    |                 Emergency departments in EU countries;~ ~· Roughly 60
 455   II,     7.  3.  1    |                 12% - out of 500 million EU citizens are medically treated
 456   II,     7.  3.  2    |              major cause of death in the EU. Only cardiovascular diseases,
 457   II,     7.  3.  2    |                  injuries throughout the EU. Based on the 2003-2005
 458   II,     7.  3.  2    |              injury fatality rate in the EU as a whole. The risk of
 459   II,     7.  3.  2    |            females). As a result, 66% of EU injury fatalities are male,
 460   II,     7.  3.  2    |                  for all injuries in the EU experienced a reduction
 461   II,     7.  3.  3    |               hospital admissions in the EU, causing billions of healthcare
 462   II,     7.  3.  4    |             concern. The reality is that EU citizens are more at risk
 463   II,     7.  3.  4    |              toll of road traffic in the EU. Road fatalities in the
 464   II,     7.  3.  4    |                 the future also from the EU Injury Database (IDB).~ ~
 465   II,     7.  3.  4    |             every year more than 100 000 EU citizens die from home and
 466   II,     7.  3.  4    |                  still neglected in most EU Member States which in turn
 467   II,     7.  3.  4    |          surveillance system such as the EU Injury Database (IDB) is
 468   II,     7.  3.  5    |             other health problems in the EU, violence is not distributed
 469   II,     7.  4.  1    |                  families and the ageing EU societies. Motor vehicle
 470   II,     7.  4.  1    |            people aged 1524 live in the EU representing 15% of the
 471   II,     7.  4.  1    |            injuries among adolescents in EU Member States and candidate
 472   II,     7.  4.  2    |             unintentional injuries among EU senior citizens” (EUNESE,
 473   II,     7.  4.  3    |                 000 people are killed on EU roads. Among the different
 474   II,     7.  4.  3    |             eulnerable road users in the EU which aims at quantifying
 475   II,     7.  4.  4    |            important contribution to the EU’s strategic objective of
 476   II,     7.  4.  5    |      circumstances of the injury. In the EU injury Data Base, (IDB)
 477   II,     7.  5        |               There is no country in the EU without any policy in some
 478   II,     7.  5        |             order to specify the role of EU organizations responsible
 479   II,     7.  5        |          EUROSTAT for inclusion into the EU annual statistical programme;~·
 480   II,     7.  5        |                https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/idb, by supporting the Network
 481   II,     7.  6        |          perspectives~ ~Generally in the EU Member States, there is
 482   II,     7.  7        |                https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/care_bo/ accessed (access
 483   II,     7.  7        |             unintentional injuries among EU senior citizens. Athens,
 484   II,     7.  7        |                https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/idb/, accessed 10 March
 485   II,     7.  7        |          Injuries in the European Union (EU). Fact sheet. Amsterdam,
 486   II,     7.  7        |                   epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/ accessed on 4 April 2008].~ ~
 487   II,     7.  7        |                   epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/ accessed on 4 April 2008].~ ~
 488   II,     7.  7        |                   epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/ accessed on 15 April 2008].~ ~
 489   II,     7.  7        |              Falls in Pedestrians in the EU. Apollo project. Vienna,
 490   II,     7.  7        |                  at: http://www.eurosafe.eu.com/csi/eurosafe2006.nsf/
 491   II,     8.  1.  2    |                  1.2. Data Sources~ ~The EU Labour Force Survey (LFS),
 492   II,     8.  1.  2    |                   This survey covers all EU Member States, except Latvia,
 493   II,     8.  1.  2    |              reporting disability.~ ~The EU Statistics on Income and
 494   II,     8.  1.  3    |                  women aged 16-64 in the EU have a long standing health
 495   II,     8.  1.  3    |      considerable limitations across the EU Member States. In all EU
 496   II,     8.  1.  3    |                 EU Member States. In all EU Member States these proportions
 497   II,     8.  1.  5    |                  promotes initiatives at EU and national level to identify
 498   II,     8.  1.  5    |                 all aspects of life. The EU strategy is built on three
 499   II,     8.  1.  5    |              built on three pillars: (1) EU anti-discrimination legislation
 500   II,     8.  1.  5    |            decade, being strengthened by EU initiatives and actions,