1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1067
     Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

   1    -,     1            |              and related Community and National policies;~· Provision of
   2    -,     1            |          Ministry of Health and at the National Health Institute: Nicola
   3    I,     2.  1        |                  At the same time, the national health policies and services
   4    I,     2.  2        |                place between local and national, then regional and now intercontinental
   5    I,     2.  2        |                   enrolled in NGOs and national cooperation agencies. They
   6    I,     2.  4        |               are the per capita Gross National Income and the per capita
   7    I,     2.  4        |               States in terms of gross national income and gross domestic
   8    I,     2.  4        |             Domestic Product and Gross National Income per capita in EUGLOREH
   9    I,     2.  4        |           States. within this context, national quantified objectives can
  10    I,     2.  5        |                place between local and national, then regional and now intercontinental
  11    I,     2.  6        |                 according to different national educational systems.~ ~Figure
  12    I,     2. 10.  4    |           Member States have regulated national numbers to be labelled on
  13    I,     2. 10.  4    |          registration. These diverging national requirements require manufacturers
  14    I,     2. 10.  4    |             possibilities to implement national traceability systems for
  15    I,     2. 10.  4    |               of companies by aligning national solutions and thus removing
  16    I,     2. 10.  4    |            achieve implementation on a national level due to the complexity
  17    I,     2. 10.  4    |            stakeholders “to update the National and European legislative
  18   II,     4.Acr        |            European Health Module~NCHS~National Center for Health Statistics~
  19   II,     4.  1        |              The US data come from the National Center for Heath Statistics (
  20   II,     4.  1        |              which the two overarching national health goals are to increase
  21   II,     4.  1        |              In this framework, the US National Center for Health Statistics (
  22   II,     4.  3        |        Preliminary Data for 2005, U.S. National Center for Health Statistics.~ ~
  23   II,     5.  1.  2    |             World Health Organization, national health organizations, medical
  24   II,     5.  1.  2    |             relevant Organizations. At national level, health decision makers
  25   II,     5.  1.  2    |               recommendations of their national health policy. There are
  26   II,     5.  1.  4    |            agent, insurance company or national health service, specific
  27   II,     5.  2.  4    |            risk factors is well known, national level data are difficult
  28   II,     5.  2.  5    |               among representatives of National Ministries of Health, European
  29   II,     5.  2.  5    |                of Health, European and National representatives of Cardiac
  30   II,     5.  2.  6    |               to consider in their own national policies and health system
  31   II,     5.  2.  7    |                clinical trials for the National Cholesterol Education Program
  32   II,     5.  3.Acr    |            Status in Europe Survey~NCP~National caner Plan~PSA~Prostate-Specific
  33   II,     5.  3.Acr    |   Prostate-Specific Antigen~TNEH~Total National Expenditure on Health~WCRF~
  34   II,     5.  3.  2    |               Member States (MSs) have national cancer registration coverage,
  35   II,     5.  3.  2    |             CRs cover up to 30% of the national population. However in Europe
  36   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 Various bodies provide national, regional and Europe-wide
  37   II,     5.  3.  2    |                IARC and ENCR to obtain national estimates of cancer incidence
  38   II,     5.  3.  2    |               EU-27 Member States have national cancer registration coverage (
  39   II,     5.  3.  2    |          capital resources required as national investment for cancer registration
  40   II,     5.  3.  2    |           consider CRs as important as National Institutes of Statistics.
  41   II,     5.  3.  2    |          cancer registries need ad-hoc national privacy restricting legislations;~·
  42   II,     5.  3.  2    |             role comparable to that of National Institutes of Statistics;~·
  43   II,     5.  3.  2    |             Continents” and to produce national estimates of cancer incidence.
  44   II,     5.  3.  2    |              analysis and synthesis of National Cancer Plans in Europe;
  45   II,     5.  3.  2    |            research, patterns of care, national societies/registries and
  46   II,     5.  3.  3    |          comprise deaths registered in national vital registration systems,
  47   II,     5.  3.  3    |               as coded by the relevant national authority. Data are included
  48   II,     5.  3.  3    |            data exports from the Czech National Cancer Registry were provided (
  49   II,     5.  3.  6    |         survival correlated with total national expenditure on health (TNEH)
  50   II,     5.  3.  7    |             due to scarce data in some national settings; nevertheless,
  51   II,     5.  3.  7    |              groups are present in the national settings, but they must
  52   II,     5.  3.  7    |               the drug is available at national level without further delays
  53   II,     5.  3.  7    |               necessary to move from a national to a global pricing structure
  54   II,     5.  3.  7    |            countries define, mainly at national level and in some countries
  55   II,     5.  3.  7    |              see Table 5.3.2) consider national cancer plan as a strategy
  56   II,     5.  3.  7    |         control.~ ~Table 5.3.2. Cancer national control plans in place in
  57   II,     5.  3.  7    |        sustained collaboration between national health authorities, research
  58   II,     5.  3.  7    |      organisation, and stakeholders at national and European level. EUROCAN+
  59   II,     5.  3.  7    |           which could be improved at a national level: identifying necessary
  60   II,     5.  3.  7    |           States to develop or improve national cancer plans, comprehensive
  61   II,     5.  3.  8    |              the collaboration between national health authorities, private
  62   II,     5.  4.  1    |               treatment of diabetes at national and EU level. As for many
  63   II,     5.  4.  2    |                on the basis of average national indicators (e.g. blood pressure
  64   II,     5.  4.  2    |              It is within the power of national governments and health departments
  65   II,     5.  4.  2    |                be formulated at local, national and European levels.~ ~Investments
  66   II,     5.  4.  2    |                audit of health care~-> National, regional and international
  67   II,     5.  4.  2    |                               5.4.2.1. National and regional registries~ ~
  68   II,     5.  4.  2    |                standardization.~At the National level, it is worth mentioning
  69   II,     5.  4.  2    |            compare own results against national and international averages.~
  70   II,     5.  4.  2    |               2006) due to problems in national representativeness of data
  71   II,     5.  4.  2    |               care has been created by national professional contracts,
  72   II,     5.  4.  2    |              regular basis through the National Diabetes Audit and the Quality
  73   II,     5.  4.  2    |          Differences between different national surveys persist, particularly
  74   II,     5.  4.  2    |            that surveys should include national population-based samples
  75   II,     5.  4.  2    |               should be a component of national/international health monitoring
  76   II,     5.  4.  2    |                representativeness at a national level must be carefully
  77   II,     5.  4.  2    |         mellitus.~The establishment of national reimbursement systems in
  78   II,     5.  4.  2    |      admissions, and the definition of national data formats that have been
  79   II,     5.  4.  2    |          research and analysis through national/regional health departments.~
  80   II,     5.  4.  2    |               most EU countries at the national level.~ ~
  81   II,     5.  4.  2    |    increasingly making use of specific national unique identification numbers,
  82   II,     5.  4.  2    |                               5.4.2.8. National drug sales~ ~Some studies
  83   II,     5.  4.  2    |             Some studies have utilised national drug sales to estimate prevalence
  84   II,     5.  4.  2    |               e.g. diabetes mellitus). National annual drug sales are recorded
  85   II,     5.  4.  2    |              000 general population~12~National Registry~Annual death rate
  86   II,     5.  4.  2    |        European Standard Population~12~National Registry~Acronyms:~ICD 9:
  87   II,     5.  4.  2    |          Interview Survey; UNN: Unique national Number; RS: Reimbursement
  88   II,     5.  4.  2    |               by independent blindness national registries, where blindness
  89   II,     5.  4.  2    |            blindness (according to the national legislation). EUCID found
  90   II,     5.  4.  6    |              compare and support their national health policies.~The European
  91   II,     5.  4.  6    |         diabetes and its morbidity” at national level. The set of indicators
  92   II,     5.  4.  6    |             feasible for collection at national basis (de Beaufort 2003).
  93   II,     5.  4.  6    |              that the comparability of national indicators is far from straightforward.
  94   II,     5.  4.  6    |           started in 2006 “to make the national facts of Diabetes Mellitus
  95   II,     5.  4.  6    |                effective resources for national governments. Due to the
  96   II,     5.  4.  6    |                               5.4.6.4. National guidelines and control plans~
  97   II,     5.  4.  6    |           Region 2008) had established national diabetes plans and/or guidelines.
  98   II,     5.  4.  6    |             level of implementation of national plans/guidelines in Member
  99   II,     5.  4.  6    |                Member States. Existing national plans and guidelines differ
 100   II,     5.  4.  6    |          attitude towards the disease. National governments should provide
 101   II,     5.  4.  6    |          problems are dealt within the National Diabetes Plans, where existing,
 102   II,     5.  4.  6    |              better standardisation of national diabetes plans would be
 103   II,     5.  4.  6    |           representatives of 35 EU and national diabetes associations, recommended
 104   II,     5.  4.  6    |            monitoring and reporting at national level of comprehensive diabetes
 105   II,     5.  4.  6    |           prevention measures based on national evidence-based guidelines
 106   II,     5.  4.  6    |            promote healthy lifestyles, national diabetes plans and prevention
 107   II,     5.  4.  6    |      development and implementation of national diabetes prevention programmes
 108   II,     5.  4.  6    |              All nations shall develop national policies for the prevention,
 109   II,     5.  4.  8    |              the steering group of the National Diabetes Register. The Danish
 110   II,     5.  4.  8    |          Diabetes Register. The Danish National Diabetes Register: trends
 111   II,     5.  4.  8    |               Committee of the Swedish National Diabetes Register (2003),
 112   II,     5.  4.  8    |          Diabetes Register (2003), The National Diabetes Register in Sweden:
 113   II,     5.  5.  1    |         amounted to almost 1% of Gross National Product of the country (
 114   II,     5.  5.  1    |          mental health services and in national health information systems.
 115   II,     5.  5.  1    |                have been obtained from national routine reporting systems
 116   II,     5.  5.  1    |               HfA data is derived from national causes–of-death statistics.
 117   II,     5.  5.  1    |           number and by region. Annual national data are presented as absolute
 118   II,     5.  5.  1    |                onwards. Most available national data is from late 1990s
 119   II,     5.  5.  1    |                beginning of the 2000s. National differences are possible
 120   II,     5.  5.  1    |        population: results from the US National Comorbidity Survey. Br J
 121   II,     5.  5.  2    |                what concerns dementia, national Alzheimer associations have
 122   II,     5.  5.  2    |           regulates the recognition of national guardianship measures in
 123   II,     5.  5.  2    |               of medicine to finance a national programme to improve the
 124   II,     5.  5.  2    |             organisations and calls on national and European policy makers
 125   II,     5.  5.  3    |             eating disordered persons (National Centre for Eating Disorders,
 126   II,     5.  5.  3    |                and/or other accessible national or international published
 127   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Quantitative measurement~ ~On national level, limited data are
 128   II,     5.  5.  3    |              of eating disorders. Some national data are surveyed in certain
 129   II,     5.  5.  3    |            really a paucity of data on national as well as at European/international
 130   II,     5.  5.  3    |              data were measured within national surveys, whereas for other
 131   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Croatia~ ~X~There is no national study on bulimia and anorexia
 132   II,     5.  5.  3    |              unpublished data from the National Health Survey.~Cyprus~ ~
 133   II,     5.  5.  3    |                instruments.~Greece~ ~X~National statistics are not available.
 134   II,     5.  5.  3    |        anorexia and bulimia ~Italy~X~ ~National epidemiologic data on anorexia
 135   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Lithuania~ ~X~In Lithuania national statistics on Bulimia and
 136   II,     5.  5.  3    |           determinants.~Romania~X~ ~At national level data about the general
 137   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Slovenia there exist no extra national study on bulimia and anorexia
 138   II,     5.  5.  3    |               of utmost importance for national and international public
 139   II,     5.  5.  3    |             focus on eating disorders. National and international school
 140   II,     5.  5.  3    |        influence the political work at national and international level.~
 141   II,     5.  5.  3    |              We must bear in mind that national and international health
 142   II,     5.  5.  3    |                No. 6, 1574-1583.~NEDA (National Eating Disorders Association) (
 143   II,     5.  5.  3    |            accessed on 19 March 2008).~National Centre for Eating Disorders (
 144   II,     5.  5.  3    |               2003): Eating disorders. National Library for Health Mental
 145   II,     5.  5.  3    |             There are no comprehensive national or European data available
 146   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 With regard to lacking national registries for psychiatric
 147   II,     5.  5.  3    |         account the differences in the national healthcare systems. Hence,
 148   II,     5.  5.  3    |     questionable since the accuracy of national statistics, as well as the
 149   II,     5.  5.  3    |              due to differences in the national health information systems
 150   II,     5.  5.  3    |              limited allocation of the national health budgets to mental
 151   II,     5.  5.  3    |     comprehensive European database of national statistics on all expenditures
 152   II,     5.  5.  3    |           Control tools and policies~ ~National mental health acts or programmes~
 153   II,     5.  5.  3    |                basis for adaptation to national and economic backgrounds (
 154   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Some countries already have national and international programmes
 155   II,     5.  5.  3    |            very active in establishing national programmes to fight stigma.
 156   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Diseases recently initiated a National Alliance on Mental Health
 157   II,     5.  5.  3    |          includes the appointment of a national implementation manager;
 158   II,     5.  5.  3    |                figures from the entire national population have been made
 159   II,     5.  5.  3    |       knowledge, there are no European national or regional population-based
 160   II,     5.  5.  3    |       relationship.~ ~Table 5.5.3.4.5. National legislations on epilepsy
 161   II,     5.  5.  3    |                of harmonization of the national regulations across European
 162   II,     5.  5.  3    |               available information on national driving regulations and
 163   II,     5.  5.  3    |       guidelines have been endorsed by national and international scientific
 164   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Collaboration, LICE) or by national bodies aiming at developing
 165   II,     5.  5.  3    |              and eventually adapted to national or local situations.~Consortia
 166   II,     5.  5.  3    |               be easily implemented at national or multinational level and
 167   II,     5.  5.  3    |           change. Harmonization of the national directives, to be incorporated
 168   II,     5.  5.  3    |                contro lEpilessia~NICE~National Institute for Clinical Excellence~
 169   II,     5.  5.  3    |        multiple sources, including the National Patient Registry (Koch-Henriksen
 170   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Registry, including the National Registry of Causes of Death,
 171   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 2003).~ ~The Norwegian National Multiple Sclerosis Registry
 172   II,     5.  5.  3    |           Norwegian Multiple Sclerosis National Competence Centre, Haukeland
 173   II,     5.  5.  3    |           compared with the respective national means was referred to as
 174   II,     5.  5.  3    |         Parallel to improvement of the national health care system, multiple
 175   II,     5.  5.  3    |          significantly higher than the national mean rates and showed a
 176   II,     5.  5.  3    |            data that will substantiate national service provision planning
 177   II,     5.  5.  3    |             The report will be used at national level to promote the rights
 178   II,     5.  5.  3    |                community;~· It commits national governments and the European
 179   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Implementation of the Code at national level will help overcome
 180   II,     5.  5.  3    |            assessments and services.~· National Institute for Clinical Excellence
 181   II,     5.  5.  3    |                on MS Services (UK)~The National Institute for Clinical Excellence
 182   II,     5.  5.  3    |            International, European and National Level~There are active MS
 183   II,     5.  5.  3    |            some of the issues on which national MS societies campaign tenaciously.~
 184   II,     5.  5.  3    |                society foothold in the national framework for effecting
 185   II,     5.  5.  3    |            status and advocacy role of national MS societies in contributing
 186   II,     5.  5.  3    |         management system of different national care approaches to MS, which
 187   II,     5.  5.  3    |              current EU member statesnational care approaches towards
 188   II,     5.  5.  3    |             will also analyse existing national studies on the economics
 189   II,     5.  5.  3    |              value of producing annual national reports on the status of
 190   II,     5.  5.  3    |                on coronary thrombosis. National Cancer Institute Monographs
 191   II,     5.  5.  3    |               an international survey. National Multiple Sclerosis Society (
 192   II,     5.  5.  3    |           Norwegian Multiple Sclerosis National Competence Centre and National
 193   II,     5.  5.  3    |         National Competence Centre and National Multiple Sclerosis registry—
 194   II,     5.  5.  3    |               databases. Data from the national and European statistic bureaus
 195   II,     5.  5.  3    |              PD in countries with high national income and healthcare expenditure
 196   II,     5.  5.  3    |            more accurate comparison of national and international studies (
 197   II,     5.  5.  3    |              relatives and the public. National and international PD user
 198   II,     5.  5.  3    |       guidelines have been endorsed by national and international scientific
 199   II,     5.  5.  3    |          scientific associations or by national bodies aiming at developing
 200   II,     5.  6.  2    |               a search of European and national datasets. It should be pointed
 201   II,     5.  6.  3    |                Survey 2002 (Office for National Statistics UK, 2002) and
 202   II,     5.  6.  3    |              had arthritis (Office for National Statistics, 1989).~ ~A large
 203   II,     5.  6.  3    |           costs of osteoarthritis from national data were 0.1% of 1991 GNP,
 204   II,     5.  6.  4    |       conditions was 0.7% of the gross national product.~ ~Future trends~ ~
 205   II,     5.  6.  6    |            Stockholm, Socialstyrelsen (National Board of Health and Welfare)~ ~
 206   II,     5.  6.  6    |              Ann Rheum Dis 62(3):222-6~National Board on Health and Welfare (
 207   II,     5.  6.  6    |                21(5):871-83~Office for National Statistics, UK (2002): The
 208   II,     5.  6.  6    |              at URL : ht ~ ~Office for National Statistics, UK (1989): OPCS
 209   II,     5.  7.Acr    |               Renal Disease~NHANES III~National Health and Nutrition Examination
 210   II,     5.  7.  1    |        severity. Data derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination
 211   II,     5.  7.  1    |                 Chobanian et al, 2003; National Kidney Foundation, 2002-
 212   II,     5.  7.  2    |               and aggregated data from national and/or regional renal registries
 213   II,     5.  7.  2    |            registries in 29 countries. National and regional renal registries
 214   II,     5.  7.  2    |           depended on the existence of national and regional renal registries
 215   II,     5.  7.  3    |                27 EU Member countries, national surveys on the prevalence
 216   II,     5.  7.  5    |            approach to the problem {14 National Kidney Foundation, 2002
 217   II,     5.  7.  5    |               not yet been accepted at national level.~· The public health
 218   II,     5.  7.  5    |             agenda for CKD and ESRD at national level, as the national health
 219   II,     5.  7.  5    |              at national level, as the national health authorities have
 220   II,     5.  7.  5    |          parameters in relation to the national average. It is planned that
 221   II,     5.  7.  5    |               in Wales has published a national service framework for renal
 222   II,     5.  7.  5    |            implementation of the Renal National Service Framework (NSF)
 223   II,     5.  7.  5    |          started a process to create a national action plan for CKD, including
 224   II,     5.  7.  6    |         ERA-EDTA registry, most of the national and regional renal registries
 225   II,     5.  7.  6    |                would facilitate (inter)national benchmarking and the collection
 226   II,     5.  7.  6    |           Member States have developed national health policies regarding
 227   II,     5.  7.  6    |            document on pan-European or national health plans of the calibre
 228   II,     5.  7.  7    |              States Renal Data System, National Institute of Health, National
 229   II,     5.  7.  7    |          National Institute of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and
 230   II,     5.  7.  7    |            seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention,
 231   II,     5.  7.  7    |               2006 May;27(10):1245-50.~National Kidney Foundation. K/D The
 232   II,     5.  7.  7    |            seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention,
 233   II,     5.  7.  7    |              2006;47(Suppl 3):S1-S145.~National Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI
 234   II,     5.  7.  7    |             2002;39(Supple 1):S1-S266.~National Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI
 235   II,     5.  7.  7    |               2003;41(suppl 3):S1-S92.~National Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI
 236   II,     5.  7.  7    |              2003;42(Suppl 3):S1-S202.~National Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI
 237   II,     5.  7.  7    |             mellitus: results from the National Health Examination and Nutrition
 238   II,     5.  8.  3    |                Countries, collected by national sources with different methodologies.
 239   II,     5.  9. FB    |            should be reconsidered on a national and international basis
 240   II,     5.  9.  2    |              more than 70 regional and national allergology and clinical
 241   II,     5.  9.  3    |             end of 1990s, based on the national database of general practitioners.
 242   II,     5.  9.  3    |            care~ ~Data provided by the National Asthma Campaign (UK) concerning
 243   II,     5.  9.  4    |                allergens skin tested~ ~National data, considered separately,
 244   II,     5.  9.  5    |                to be reconsidered on a national and international basis,
 245   II,     5.  9.  5    |                at local, regional, and national levels.~ ~Research~ ~The
 246   II,     5.  9.  7    |       population evaluated through the national database of general practitioners.
 247   II,     5. 10.  7    |                in England: analysis of national admissions data. BMJ 327:
 248   II,     5. 11.  3    |           Although there are no recent national prevalence studies of atopic
 249   II,     5. 11.  3    |             for examined eczema from a national birth cohort study (the
 250   II,     5. 11.  3    |                birth cohort study (the National Child Development Study
 251   II,     5. 11.  5    |              Member States can develop national plans and policies adapted
 252   II,     5. 11.  7    |                 Education and Welfare, National Center for Health Statistics
 253   II,     5. 11.  7    |             Dermatol 1995;132:772-7.~ ~National Institute for health and
 254   II,     5. 11.  7    |                General Practice. Third National Study (1981-82). London:
 255   II,     5. 12.  2    |             Research Program of the US National Cancer Institute (National
 256   II,     5. 12.  2    |             National Cancer Institute (National Cancer Institute, 2005).~
 257   II,     5. 12.  3    |             impact of these factors on national mortality rates is difficult
 258   II,     5. 12.  6    |              on cirrhosis mortality at national level in various European
 259   II,     5. 12.  7    |                2002. Lancet 367:645.~ ~National Cancer Institute (2005):
 260   II,     5. 14.  2    |               Data were collected from national, regional or local oral
 261   II,     5. 14.  2    |         systems, surveillance systems, national survey data, and literature
 262   II,     5. 14.  2    |                or regional rather than national representativeness somewhat
 263   II,     5. 14.  2    |               collection system at the national level: only United Kingdom
 264   II,     5. 14.  2    |              the scarcity of data from national studies based on a representative
 265   II,     5. 14.  3    |               dental services.~Several national surveys show that the proportion
 266   II,     5. 14.  5    |          comparisons and support their national health policies. The development
 267   II,     5. 14.  5    |           policies. The development of national and international health
 268   II,     5. 14.  5    |               health sector within the national and European health information
 269   II,     5. 14.  5    |          designed for integration into national health systems. The indicators
 270   II,     5. 14.  5    |  cross-sectoral work both at EU and at national level. The strategy is to
 271   II,     5. 15.Acr    |              Man~MS~Member States~NORD~National Organization of Rare Disorders~
 272   II,     5. 15.  2    |       organization: NORD, standing for National Organization of Rare Disorders (
 273   II,     5. 15.  2    |              may come from the Italian National Register Rare Diseases,
 274   II,     5. 15.  3    |              drugs in Europe (dates of national registries, prices, reasons
 275   II,     5. 15.  4    |          encourage EU MS in developing national health policies; ensure
 276   II,     5. 15.  5    |          potential consequences on the national/regional health care systems.~ ~
 277   II,     5. 15.  5    |           Eurordis in partnership with National Rare Diseases Alliances
 278   II,     5. 15.  5    |           aiming also at reporting all national initiatives on rare diseases.~(
 279   II,     5. 15.  6    |   rare diseases to death? A call for a national orphan drug review policy.
 280   II,     5. 15.  6    |          Chertkoff R, Zimran A (2006): National health budgets for expensive
 281   II,     6.  3.  1    |               the original function of national surveillance systems was
 282   II,     6.  3.  1    |              discussed in this report, national incidence figures thus often
 283   II,     6.  3.  2    |           action.~Today, EU-level (and national) surveillance only covers
 284   II,     6.  3.  2    |             Member States to establish national strategies to contain AMR:
 285   II,     6.  3.  2    |            that includes surveillance. National or regional surveillance
 286   II,     6.  3.  2    |             States still do not have a national surveillance network for
 287   II,     6.  3.  2    |           financial investment at both national and hospital levels in order
 288   II,     6.  3.  3    |         countries, where an integrated national effort is needed; men who
 289   II,     6.  3.  3    |           hepatitis B vaccine in their national vaccination programmes.
 290   II,     6.  3.  3    |         diseases under surveillance at national level, the currently available
 291   II,     6.  3.  4    |          inter-sectoral operability at national level;~· stepping up prevention
 292   II,     6.  3.  6    |               ascertain: even the best national surveillance systems miss
 293   II,     6.  3.  6    |              000) reported the highest national incidence rates. As shigellosis
 294   II,     6.  4.  2    |            outbreaks with greater than national dimensions, for which a
 295   II,     6.  4.  3    |            Health Minister to take the national measures best adapted to
 296   II,     6.  4.  3    |              test the execution of the national plans of the Member States.
 297   II,     6.  4.  3    |                interoperability of the national plans, availability of countermeasures,
 298   II,     6.  4.  4    |                support to European and national decision-making on health
 299   II,     6.  4.  4    |              works in partnership with national health protection bodies
 300   II,     7.  1        |               2006. In order to assist national administrations and other
 301   II,     7.  2.  4    |             and fatal accidents.~ ~The national ESAW sources are the declarations
 302   II,     7.  2.  4    |                 or to another relevant national authority (Labour Inspection,
 303   II,     7.  2.  5    |           series for the assessment of national developments in the area
 304   II,     7.  2.  9    |            projects~ ~Furthermore many national studies and single initiative
 305   II,     7.  3.  1    |        Projections in this overview of national surveys at EU level anticipate
 306   II,     7.  3.  3    |                reflects differences in national hospital admission policies
 307   II,     7.  3.  3    |               in reduced productivity. National data indicate that up to
 308   II,     7.  3.  4    |           States due to differences in national definitions and registration
 309   II,     7.  3.  4    |              with comparability of the national figures are described in
 310   II,     7.  3.  5    |            occur daily, though precise national and international estimates
 311   II,     7.  4        |               in reduced productivity. National data indicate that up to
 312   II,     7.  4.  1    |                      is propelling for national action plans on child safety (
 313   II,     7.  4.  3    |             sector at Community and at national level.~ ~Informative sources
 314   II,     7.  4.  6    |         encouraged at local, regional, national and Community level. Actions
 315   II,     7.  4.  6    |              planning and establishing national or regional suicide prevention
 316   II,     7.  5        |            Policy making and planning: National strategies are important
 317   II,     7.  5        |             and service safety.~Set up national action plans or programmes
 318   II,     7.  5        |                regarding surveillance, national action plans, capacity building
 319   II,     7.  5        |             internationally comparable national indicators, e.g. on disabilities
 320   II,     7.  5        |              of information within the national data systems on products
 321   II,     7.  5        |              point for stakeholders at national level; and~· Disseminate
 322   II,     7.  5        |             and information service at national level where stakeholders
 323   II,     7.  5        |          supporting the Network of IDB National Data Administrators, and
 324   II,     7.  5        |                policy tools regardingnational action plans” are provided
 325   II,     7.  5        |         process for the development of national policies to prevent violence
 326   II,     7.  6        |               information; formulating national action plans; exchanging
 327   II,     7.  6        |           organizational capacities at national level, e.g. national focal
 328   II,     7.  6        |                at national level, e.g. national focal agencies and research
 329   II,     7.  7        |              AdRisk Project. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute (
 330   II,     7.  7        |                I, Baumgarten I (2006): National responses to preventing
 331   II,     8.  1.  5    |         promotes initiatives at EU and national level to identify and remove
 332   II,     8.  2.  1    |              the general population. A National Disability Survey of this
 333   II,     8.  2.  1    |          articles, project reports and national surveys in the Member States,
 334   II,     8.  2.  1    |       intellectual disabilities within national health interview (HIS) and
 335   II,     8.  2.  1    |              in censuses, sample based national surveys, or other statistical
 336   II,     8.  2.  2    |               system into strengthened national health-care systems. In
 337   II,     8.  2.  2    |                managed, well-monitored national health systems.~ ~To accelerate
 338   II,     8.  2.  3    |                at: htt ~ ~UK Office of National Statistics (ONS) dataset
 339   II,     9            |       available in most countries from national sources. Whilst in general
 340   II,     9            |             consumers of alcohol, most national and cross-cultural studies
 341   II,     9            |                fruit and vegetables at national level, and the prevalence
 342   II,     9.  1.  1    |          compelling reasons to improve national and European health information
 343   II,     9.  1.  1    |            Center for Disease Control; National Center for Health Statistics,
 344   II,     9.  1.  2    |               for regional rather than national registries, networked nationally
 345   II,     9.  1.  2    |             EUROCAT. The proportion of national births covered by registers
 346   II,     9.  1.  2    |              are short-term. Moreover, national and regional funding for
 347   II,     9.  1.  2    |          Europe. Each registry follows national practice in relation to
 348   II,     9.  1.  2    |          difficult position because of national interpretations of the European
 349   II,     9.  2.  1    |       Committee (the annual high-level national representative meeting)
 350   II,     9.  2.  2    |        sparingly so as not to overload national systems. It has a specific
 351   II,     9.  2.  2    |              on a voluntary basis from national systems, hence consensus
 352   II,     9.  2.  2    |            produces. (Web link – ww ~ ~National Statistics: Each EU Member
 353   II,     9.  2.  2    |            These are invaluable at the national level, but may not be comparable
 354   II,     9.  2.  2    |                General surveys such as national censuses and household surveys,
 355   II,     9.  2.  2    |               right, or of discharging national and societal responsibility
 356   II,     9.  2.  2    |           group effectively ignored in national population and health statistics.~ ~
 357   II,     9.  2.  2    |         determinants of well being, at national or sub-national level. Research
 358   II,     9.  2.  3    |           childhood asthma, whilst the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (
 359   II,     9.  2.  3    |              40% in 15-year-old girls. National variations can be seen,
 360   II,     9.  2.  3    |                represented at all – in national or European data sets. The
 361   II,     9.  2.  4    |       available in most countries from national sources. Whilst in general
 362   II,     9.  2.  4    |             consumers of alcohol, most national and cross-cultural studies
 363   II,     9.  2.  5    |               of service delivery is a national prerogative, the lack of
 364   II,     9.  2.  5    |              Member State to produce a national strategy based on sound
 365   II,     9.  2.  8    |                 Mumps and Rubella~NICE~National Institute of Clinical Excellence~
 366   II,     9.  3.  1    |               collation of data across national and Community systems needs
 367   II,     9.  3.  1    |               has recently developed a national plan for improved diabetes
 368   II,     9.  3.  1    |                fruit and vegetables at national level, and the prevalence
 369   II,     9.  3.  1    |                Framework for Designing National Health Policies with an
 370   II,     9.  3.  1    |              Program (1992) Impotence: National Institutes of Health Consensus
 371   II,     9.  3.  2    |              Many indicators useful at national level cannot be transposed
 372   II,     9.  3.  2    |            Center for Disease Control; National Center for Health Statistics,
 373   II,     9.  3.  3    |                study data are based on national surveys on sexual behaviour
 374   II,     9.  3.  3    |       scientific journals.~· Data from national sexual attitude and lifestyle
 375   II,     9.  3.  3    |              1997). Some data from the national survey carried out recently
 376   II,     9.  3.  3    |              have been studied in many national surveys. According to the
 377   II,     9.  3.  3    |                  There are examples of national policies to face the present
 378   II,     9.  3.  3    |               community.~ ~Most of the national sexual health policies in
 379   II,     9.  3.  3    |              in Europe: comparisons of national surveys. (Edited by:Hubert
 380   II,     9.  3.  3    |              in Europe: Comparisons of National Surveys. UCL Press. London.
 381   II,     9.  3.  3    |                M (2006): Third Italian national survey on knowledge, attitudes,
 382   II,     9.  3.  3    |            England, 1994-2003, and the national teenage pregnancy strategy:
 383   II,     9.  4.  1    |                three objectives of the national policy on healthcare and
 384   II,     9.  4.  1    |            community implementation of national and European public health
 385   II,     9.  4.  5    |              the Council on supporting national strategies for the future
 386   II,     9.  4.  5    |      management of systems. Thus, many national replies refer to the need
 387   II,     9.  4.  7    |          Health (UKDoH) (2005): The National Service Framework for Long-term
 388   II,     9.  5.  3    |              to be provided by men (UK National Statistics On-line, 2007). (
 389   II,     9.  5.  3    |            every day, although precise national and international statistics
 390   II,     9.  5.  3    |                 TARKI Research Inst te national survey, 1999; e WHO 2002; f
 391   II,     9.  5.  4    |      standardisation of Member Statesnational data collection practices
 392   II,     9.  5.  4    |           issue of men’s health. Among national governments, Austria produced
 393   II,     9.  5.  4    |              health (Lisbon Nov 2007), National Screening England Chlamydia (
 394   II,     9.  5.  4    |            initiatives were run by The National Health Board (a governmental
 395   II,     9.  5.  4    |              for policy development at national and European levels including
 396   II,     9.  5.  4    |              European levels including national policy documents in England
 397   II,     9.  5.  4    |               this type, all regional, national and European level policy
 398   II,     9.  5.  5    |        although it is increasing among national governments in Europe and
 399   II,     9.  5.  5    |               healthcare resources and national economic competitiveness
 400   II,     9.  5.  6    |                Framework for Designing National Health Policies with an
 401   II,     9.  5.  6    |               at: accessed 21.04.08)~ ~National Statistics Online: htt 82
 402  III,    10.  2.  1    |                estimated directly from national vital statistics for the
 403  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Statistic Sweden or the national public health survey, “Health
 404  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Terms”, carried out by the National Institute of Public Health.~ ~ ~ ~
 405  III,    10.  2.  1    |         prescription drugs approved by national authorities of some countries
 406  III,    10.  2.  1    |             can be implemented at (sub)national level. These measures differ
 407  III,    10.  2.  1    |            take supportive measures at national level. Key examples of these
 408  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 the establishment of a national coordinating mechanism or
 409  III,    10.  2.  1    |          tobacco cessation services in national health programmes, and~·
 410  III,    10.  2.  1    |             NGOs in the development of national tobacco control programmes.~ ~
 411  III,    10.  2.  1    |             protected by comprehensive national smoke-free legislation and
 412  III,    10.  2.  1    |           countries with comprehensive national bans on tobacco advertising
 413  III,    10.  2.  1    |             can be implemented at (sub)national level. These measures differ
 414  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Australia in 1998-1999. National Drug Strategy Monograph
 415  III,    10.  2.  1    |       developing the evidence base for national, regional and global public
 416  III,    10.  2.  1    |       Epidemiol. 2007; 36(4):805-808~ ~National Institute on Drug Abuse (
 417  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Study~ELSA~Enforcement of national Laws and Self-regulation
 418  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  ELSAEnforcement of national Laws and Self-regulation
 419  III,    10.  2.  1    |   Communications and Alcohol. Utrecht: National Foundation for Alcohol Prevention.~ ~
 420  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Policy. 10th meeting of national counterparts for alcohol
 421  III,    10.  2.  1    |           EMCDDA) through a network of national focal points (Reitox). These
 422  III,    10.  2.  1    |                problem opioid users at national level range roughly between
 423  III,    10.  2.  1    |            hepatitis or drug overdose. National estimates of such population
 424  III,    10.  2.  1    |              drug usersstudies with national and subnational coverage,
 425  III,    10.  2.  1    |              See Figure 10.2.1.3.6 for national and subnational prevalence
 426  III,    10.  2.  1(14)|                                   Most national case definitions are the
 427  III,    10.  2.  1    |               presents a framework for national policies and functions as
 428  III,    10.  2.  1    |          European countries now have a national drug strategy and/or a national
 429  III,    10.  2.  1    |        national drug strategy and/or a national drug action plan. These
 430  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of the interventions at national level.~ ~Prevention is sometimes
 431  III,    10.  2.  1    |                as the main priority in national drug strategies and action
 432  III,    10.  2.  1    |              than ever before, both at national and at EU level. This development
 433  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Data were collected from national, regional or local oral
 434  III,    10.  2.  1    |         systems, surveillance systems, national survey data, and literature
 435  III,    10.  2.  1    |          Information available through national health public and private
 436  III,    10.  2.  1    |      development of these pathologies. National probabilistic studies in
 437  III,    10.  2.  1    |        strategy should further empower national policies by facilitating
 438  III,    10.  2.  1    |              not fully integrated into national or community health programmes.~ ~
 439  III,    10.  2.  1    |             cross-country comparisons, national data sets are made comparable
 440  III,    10.  2.  1    |               trend data come from the National Travel Survey. It showed
 441  III,    10.  2.  1    |               and action, as part of a national public health agenda and
 442  III,    10.  2.  1    |           local levels are included in national policy and action as local
 443  III,    10.  2.  1    |           adult population]. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute.~ ~
 444  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Accident Prevention, Swiss National Accident Insurance Organisation (
 445  III,    10.  2.  1    |               all 27 EU Member States, national studies on the prevalence
 446  III,    10.  2.  1(21)|           Child Care, 2003), Slovakia (National Public Health Authority,
 447  III,    10.  2.  1(22)|                et al, 2003), Slovakia (National Public Health Authoriy,
 448  III,    10.  2.  1    |           height for monitoring at the national level the nutritional status
 449  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Lobstein and Frelut, 2003; National Public Health Authority,
 450  III,    10.  2.  1    |               data were collected in a national sample of children by three
 451  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Finland also carried out national surveys in adolescents (
 452  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Consumption and Institute of National Statistics, 2007; National
 453  III,    10.  2.  1    |             National Statistics, 2007; National Institute for Health Development,
 454  III,    10.  2.  1    |            descriptors. In contrast to national surveys, European surveys
 455  III,    10.  2.  1    |             individual level. However, national dietary surveys are carried
 456  III,    10.  2.  1    |        valuable information for use in national policy and are central in
 457  III,    10.  2.  1    |            consumption data obtained a national level can often not be compared
 458  III,    10.  2.  1    |           directly. In addition to the national surveys, food consumption
 459  III,    10.  2.  1    |               most recent and relevant national food consumption data to
 460  III,    10.  2.  1    |         Preliminary information on the national food consumption surveys
 461  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Preliminary information on national food consumption surveys
 462  III,    10.  2.  1    |                        Belgium~Belgian National Food Consumption Survey~
 463  III,    10.  2.  1    |               www.iph.fgov.be~Bulgaria~National Survey of Food Intake and
 464  III,    10.  2.  1    |          chprszu.cz~Denmark~The Danish national survey of dietary habits
 465  III,    10.  2.  1    |                lshtm.ac.uk~Finland~The National FINDIET 2002 Study~FINDIET~
 466  III,    10.  2.  1    |                      Hungary~Hungarian National Dietary Survey 2003-2004~
 467  III,    10.  2.  1    |                       Norway~Norvegian national dietary survey among adults~
 468  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  The Netherlands~Dutch National Food Consumption Survey~
 469  III,    10.  2.  1    |         Network~ ~ ~ ~ ~United Kingdom~National Diet and Nutrition Survey~
 470  III,    10.  2.  1    |    pan-European food databank based on national HBS by the development of
 471  III,    10.  2.  1    |          comprehensive overview of the national surveys from fourteen European
 472  III,    10.  2.  1(24)|          Ekholm et al, 2006), Estonia (National Institute for Health Development,
 473  III,    10.  2.  1(24)|           Consumption and Institute of National Statistics, 2007) and Sweden (
 474  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 79 years old, 15.2%) (National Public Health Authority,
 475  III,    10.  2.  1    |            2005a) and Estonia (45.7%) (National Institute for Health Development,
 476  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Health and Consumption and National Statistical Institute, 2004;
 477  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Consumption and Institute of National Statistics, 2007), Ireland (
 478  III,    10.  2.  1    |              2004; Ekholm et al, 2006; National Institute of Public Health,
 479  III,    10.  2.  1    |            European Communities, 2005; National Institute of Public Health,
 480  III,    10.  2.  1    |             effects of all policies at national or local level and encourages
 481  III,    10.  2.  1    |              of a project or policy at national level, which deals with
 482  III,    10.  2.  1    |              policies or programmes at national level is lacking.~ ~As stressed
 483  III,    10.  2.  1    |              to be monitored at local, national and international levels.
 484  III,    10.  2.  1    |             level but at the most on a national level, and even there specific
 485  III,    10.  2.  1    |               research (e.g. establish national and international surveillance
 486  III,    10.  2.  1    |                EU, including local and national dietary guidelines, have
 487  III,    10.  2.  1    |          Mother and Child Care (2003): National nutritional surveillance
 488  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Calleja N (2003): The first national health interview survey:
 489  III,    10.  2.  1    |               from a survey]. Uppsala, National Food Administration (in
 490  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Egészségfelmérés, OLEF2000 [National health interview survey,
 491  III,    10.  2.  1    |           survey, OLEF2000]. Budapest, National Center for Epidemiology (
 492  III,    10.  2.  1    |           levnadsvanor [Results of the national public health survey 2006:
 493  III,    10.  2.  1    |         lifestyle]. Östersund, Swedish National Institute of Public Health (
 494  III,    10.  2.  1    |      Government, Statistics for Wales, National Statistics.~[ht ] (report
 495  III,    10.  2.  1    |               since 1987]. Copenhagen, National Institute of Public Health (
 496  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Kelleher C (1999): The national health and lifestyle surveys:
 497  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Health Promotion Studies, National University of Ireland.~ ~
 498  III,    10.  2.  1    |           population, 2006]. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute (
 499  III,    10.  2.  1    |                spring 2006]. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute (
 500  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  ObEpi-Roche 2006: 4th national epidemiological survey on