1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1066
     Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

   1    -,     1            |               to identify priorities in public health on behalf of the
   2    -,     1            |              the different stressors on public and individual health.~ ~
   3    -,     1            |                with caution. A European public health goal should therefore
   4    -,     1            |        establish in an efficient manner public health priorities as well
   5    I,     2.Acr        |               NMS~New Member States~PHG~Public Health Genomics~RFID~Radio
   6    I,     2.  4        |           Giesecke, American Journal of Public Health).~ ~An independent
   7    I,     2.  4        |         breakdown of protective social, public health and healthcare institutions;
   8    I,     2.  5        |               research and development; public administration; education;
   9    I,     2.  5        |             contact with members of the publicclients, customers, patients
  10    I,     2.  5        |                appropriate supervision, public information and financial
  11    I,     2.  5        |                safety. It is clear that public health and workplace health
  12    I,     2.  6        |                 some role. The share of public education expenditure varies
  13    I,     2.  7        |                are indeed the centre of public debate, cultural speculation
  14    I,     2.  7        |              strategy that may focus on public transportation, on individualized
  15    I,     2.  7        |             many cities and settlements public health would benefit from
  16    I,     2.  8        |           domestic use may increase the public health effects. Various
  17    I,     2.  8        |          generation are associated with public and occupational health
  18    I,     2.  8        |                 in order to analyze the public health impacts of energy
  19    I,     2.  8        |                 noted above, addressing public concerns about the human
  20    I,     2.  9        |                in water bodies used for public water supply and bathing.~ ~
  21    I,     2. 10.  1    |          delivery systems. Medicine and public health get an increasing
  22    I,     2. 10.  1    |                 for a paradigm shift in public health. As a consequence,
  23    I,     2. 10.  1    |           understand how it can include public health aspects in its work
  24    I,     2. 10.  1    |               its work programme, while public health needs to analyse
  25    I,     2. 10.  1    |         genomics changes the concept of public health. The second approach
  26    I,     2. 10.  1    |                seen as the core task of Public Health Genomics (PHG). Still
  27    I,     2. 10.  1    |                 two directions, e.g. as Public Health services, surveillance,
  28    I,     2. 10.  1    |         implementation of genomics into public health. Indicators and statistical
  29    I,     2. 10.  1    |             technological applications. Public Health Genomics advocates
  30    I,     2. 10.  3    |             possible application of the public procurement directives to
  31    I,     2. 10.  3    |           uptake of R&D.~Launching of a public debate on radio frequency
  32    I,     2. 10.  3    |                 large-scale roll-out of public interest services, primarily
  33    I,     2. 10.  3    |           modernisation of the European public sector.~ ~The developments
  34    I,     2. 10.  3    |                 information networks of public health data and co-ordinate
  35    I,     2. 10.  4    |             Centre for Medicines in the Public Interest predicts that counterfeit
  36   II,     4.  1        |               health strategies and the Public Health programme as the
  37   II,     4.  1        |           Protection, Eurostat, and the Public Health Executive Agency)
  38   II,     4.  3        |            project. European Journal of Public Health 13(3): 6-14.~ ~Robine,
  39   II,     4.  3        |            project. European Journal of Public Health 2003; 13:6-14.~ ~
  40   II,     5.  2.  5    |             factors in order to improve public health through planning
  41   II,     5.  2.  6    |        government sectors and involving public and private actors, for
  42   II,     5.  2.  7    |                 EUROCISS Project. Eur J Public Health 13: 55-60~European
  43   II,     5.  2.  7    |              and Wales, 1981-2000. Am J Public Health 95 (1): 103-108.~
  44   II,     5.  3.  1    |               stomach cancers for their public health relevance. Table
  45   II,     5.  3.  2    |            Measuring the burden and the public health impact of cancer:
  46   II,     5.  3.  2    |            today, playing a key role in public health, but not all the
  47   II,     5.  3.  2    |              account of their impact on public health. As a consequence,
  48   II,     5.  3.  2    |          constraints in the interest of public health. This would create
  49   II,     5.  3.  2    |              statutory requirement as a public health tool for evaluation
  50   II,     5.  3.  2    |               epidemiological research, public health programme planning,
  51   II,     5.  3.  7    |                 is an important area of public health. The cessation of
  52   II,     5.  3.  7    |                 be an informed one. The public health effects of a screening
  53   II,     5.  3.  7    |               Organising and delivering public health programmes designed
  54   II,     5.  3.  7    |              internationally recognised public health institutes in the
  55   II,     5.  3.  9    |                health indicators. Eur J Public Health 13(3 Suppl):116-118.~ ~
  56   II,     5.  4.  3    |                 impact of the different public health policies.~Levels
  57   II,     5.  4.  6    |             well as the possible impact public health intervention programs
  58   II,     5.  4.  6    |          Program of Community Action on Public Health targeted the need
  59   II,     5.  4.  6    |             rising and has now become a public health issue. We can curtail
  60   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 seriously. The required public health measures include
  61   II,     5.  4.  6    |           sustainable and costeffective public awareness and primary prevention
  62   II,     5.  4.  6    |               Identifying diabetes as a public health challenge in Europe
  63   II,     5.  4.  6    |                addressing the impact on public health of the promotion,
  64   II,     5.  4.  8    |         indicators. European Journal of Public Health.~Dia A (2007): How
  65   II,     5.  5.Int(9) |        available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/skills/
  66   II,     5.  5.Int(12)|               Boston: Harvard School of Public Health, 117-135).~
  67   II,     5.  5.Int    |         initiatives20. The EU 2003-2008 Public Health Programme provides
  68   II,     5.  5.Int(20)|                 from European Community Public health Programmes 1997-2004. htt m.
  69   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 health projects from EU Public Health Programmes concerning
  70   II,     5.  5.  1    |              been co-funded from the EU Public Health Programmes. Several
  71   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 the European Commission Public Health ProgrammesContribution
  72   II,     5.  5.  1    |            activities other than in the Public Health Field with relevance
  73   II,     5.  5.  1    |             from the European Community Public Health Programmes 1997-2004).
  74   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 from DG Sanco under its Public Health Framework Programme
  75   II,     5.  5.  2    |                in which it stressed the public health implications of an
  76   II,     5.  5.  2    |               vascular risk factors and public campaigns to encourage people
  77   II,     5.  5.  2    |            members in making dementia a public health priority in Europe (
  78   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 10): 895-906~ ~European Public Health Alliance (2007):
  79   II,     5.  5.  2    |               context. Annual Review of Public Health 25: 1-24.~ ~Kurz
  80   II,     5.  5.  3    |              national and international public health and policy. In most
  81   II,     5.  5.  3    |                in Europe; Volume 1: The Public Health Challenge of Measuring
  82   II,     5.  5.  3    |        lifestyles of adolescents from a public health perspective. The
  83   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Adolescence. Journal of Public Health 15:187197. Available
  84   II,     5.  5.  3    |              with mental illness. N S W Public Health Bull 13(7):155-8.~
  85   II,     5.  5.  3    |                W (2007): Changes in the public's social distance toward
  86   II,     5.  5.  3    |            should be a matter of urgent public concern.~In the United States
  87   II,     5.  5.  3    |                in this way. Indeed, the public health burden of these disorders
  88   II,     5.  5.  3    |              co-financed project by the Public Health Executive Agency (
  89   II,     5.  5.  3    |          justice system and the general public. The strategy is being benchmarked
  90   II,     5.  5.  3    |                scientific community and public health sector. Although
  91   II,     5.  5.  3    |               of Time Trends in Autism. Public Health Reports, Nov-Dec.~
  92   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Otherwise Specified~PHEA~Public Health Executive Agency~ ~
  93   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Raising of awareness and public education are necessary
  94   II,     5.  5.  3    |         indicated an improvement of the public attitude towards people
  95   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Driving License Committee.~The Public Education Commission of
  96   II,     5.  5.  3    |              Gamble C, Baker GA (2004): Public knowledge, private grief:
  97   II,     5.  5.  3    |               private grief: a study of public attitudes to epilepsy in
  98   II,     5.  5.  3    |              new diagnostic procedures, public awareness about MS; (d)
  99   II,     5.  5.  3    |               method of coordination on public health.~ ~The Code describes
 100   II,     5.  5.  3    |         announcement thereon at a major public meeting in May 2009.~ ~
 101   II,     5.  5.  3    |              world countries 19791997. Public Health 118:268283.~Pugliatti
 102   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 their relatives and the public. National and international
 103   II,     5.  5.  3    |             care represents an enormous public health challenge.~ ~
 104   II,     5.  6.  2    |        Functional Limitation: the great public health challenge. University
 105   II,     5.  6.  3    |               from the point of view of public health, based on their prevalence
 106   II,     5.  6.  5    |     rheumatology, orthopaedics, trauma, public health, health promotion
 107   II,     5.  6.  6    |              the Dutch population. Am J Public Health 87:1680-1682~Reynolds
 108   II,     5.  7.  1    |      increasingly recognized as a major public health problem. CKD can
 109   II,     5.  7.  1    |             rarely been translated into public health policies. Moreover,
 110   II,     5.  7.  5    |                at national level.~· The public health policy in Finland
 111   II,     5.  7.  5    |         incorporate these subjects into public health policies on cardiovascular
 112   II,     5.  7.  5    |               established a list of 100 public health objectives; two of
 113   II,     5.  7.  5    |                 of Health agreed that a public health policy should be
 114   II,     5.  7.  5    |                 Centres.~· There are no public health policies on CKD or
 115   II,     5.  7.  6    |          recently been funded under the Public Health Programme of the
 116   II,     5.  8.  5    |              diseases among the general public and politicians is the European
 117   II,     5.  8.  7    |                 s the difference? Eur J Public Health 2006; 16: 101-105.~ ~
 118   II,     5.  8.  7    |             county. Croatian Journal of Public Health 3(10)- www/hcjz.hr~ ~
 119   II,     5.  9. FB    |           diseases has become a serious public health issue. If preventive
 120   II,     5.  9.  3    |                  Allergic diseases as a public health problem in Europe,
 121   II,     5.  9.  3    |                and increasing factor in public health costs. Although they
 122   II,     5.  9.  3    |                in a continuous drain on public health resources and loss
 123   II,     5.  9.  7    |                  Allergic diseases as a public health problem in Europe,
 124   II,     5.  9.  7    |             county. Croatian Journal of Public Health 2007; 3(10) - www.
 125   II,     5. 11.  1    |                programmes. However, the public and those involved in primary
 126   II,     5. 11.  1    |              cause more distress to the public than other more serious
 127   II,     5. 11.  3    |                skin disease only from a public health perspective. The
 128   II,     5. 11.  3    |               approaches to educate the public on the dangers of sunbathing
 129   II,     5. 11.  4    |                 due to loss of function~Public sympathy and charity for
 130   II,     5. 11.  5    |         measures aiming at changing the public’s behaviour to avoid excessive
 131   II,     5. 11.  5    |            Europe traced the path for a public health policy response to
 132   II,     5. 11.  6    |                formulate more effective public health strategies to respond
 133   II,     5. 12.  7    |              children in Naples, Italy. Public Health 103:385-389.~de la
 134   II,     5. 13        |                 one of the most serious public health challenges for the
 135   II,     5. 14.  1    |                 dental trauma are major public health problem. Dental caries,
 136   II,     5. 14.  1    |           counterparts. A concern among public health policy makers is
 137   II,     5. 14.  1    |               expectations and changing public expectations. The need for
 138   II,     5. 14.  1    |             cannot be underestimated.~ ~Public policymakers have long recognized
 139   II,     5. 14.  2    |                  consumers, private and public health care financing agencies,
 140   II,     5. 14.  2    |       affordable dental care to a wider public.~ ~The WHO data bank is
 141   II,     5. 14.  2    |       interpretation and conclusions in public oral health are therefore
 142   II,     5. 14.  3    |                 countries with advanced public oral health care programmes
 143   II,     5. 14.  3    |                children was provided by public health services and most
 144   II,     5. 14.  3    |              been taking place and most public health programmes have been
 145   II,     5. 14.  4    |               the result of a number of public health measures, associated
 146   II,     5. 14.  4    |              how common risks influence public health, including oral hygiene.
 147   II,     5. 14.  4    |             including oral hygiene. The public health community involved
 148   II,     5. 14.  5    |               It is possible to develop public knowledge and practices
 149   II,     5. 14.  5    |            challenge that this European public health project will contribute
 150   II,     5. 14.  5    |         contribution to general health.~Public policymakers have long recognized
 151   II,     5. 14.  5    |                factors. A concern among public health policy makers is
 152   II,     5. 14.  6    |                 health as a significant public health problem that requires
 153   II,     5. 14.  6    |              integrate oral health into public health policies, ensure
 154   II,     5. 15.  1    |               field. More recently, the public health dimension of rare diseases
 155   II,     5. 15.  1    |                in 10 000~( ht ).~From a public health perspective, the
 156   II,     5. 15.  1    |               is difficult to develop a public health policy specific for
 157   II,     5. 15.  1    |                are known to the general public despite their rarity, such
 158   II,     5. 15.  1    |               for considering RD from a public health perspective. RD are
 159   II,     5. 15.  1    |         perspective. RD are also a true public health issue through their
 160   II,     5. 15.  1    |                are a true challenge for public health authorities (Eurordis,
 161   II,     5. 15.  4    |       discussions on orphan drugs.~ ~DG Public Health established in 2004
 162   II,     5. 15.  4    |                 on RD in Europe through public consultation. The general
 163   II,     5. 15.  4    |                the priorities in the EU Public Health Programme 2003-2008.
 164   II,     5. 15.  6    |       Rare diseases: understanding this public health priority”. Available
 165   II,     5. 15.  6    |                 Europe and the World: a public health approach to innovation”.
 166   II,     6.  3.  2    |                 one of the most serious public health problems both at
 167   II,     6.  3.  2    |               better monitoring of this public health concern.~ ~Risk factors~ ~
 168   II,     6.  3.  2    |       nosocomial infections, are a huge public health problem in Europe.
 169   II,     6.  3.  4    |          influenza poses a considerable public health threat.~ ~The 2004 170   II,     6.  3.  4    |                the sustained efforts of public health authorities. In many
 171   II,     6.  3.  5    |   characteristic disease receiving high public attention. Annual rates
 172   II,     6.  3.  5    |                country, but with proper public health policies. For example,
 173   II,     6.  3.  6    |  microbiologists and epidemiologists in public health, but also with veterinary
 174   II,     6.  3.  7    |                 actually pose any major public health threat to EU citizens.
 175   II,     6.  3.  7    |          adequate information to the EU public.~ ~Environmental, ecological
 176   II,     6.  3.  7    |           varying relevance to European public health. More systematic
 177   II,     6.  3.  7    |          recognised as a major cause of public health concern in Europe.
 178   II,     6.  4.  2    |         response system (EWRS) to alert public health authorities in Member
 179   II,     6.  4.  2    |             linking the Commission, the public health authorities in Member
 180   II,     6.  4.  2    |                 events likely to affect public health at EU-level. Therefore,
 181   II,     6.  4.  3    |           supports a number of European public health (European Influenza
 182   II,     6.  4.  4    |               network of experts in the public health institutes of the
 183   II,     6.  4.  5    |              standards) and the general public to avoid overuse and misuse
 184   II,     7.  1        |         initiatives to promote forceful public health actions to enhance
 185   II,     7.  1        |                 slopes, nursing homes). Public information through media
 186   II,     7.  1        |           potential. In particular the (public) health sector has not yet
 187   II,     7.  1        |                 Applying the systematic public health approach helps to
 188   II,     7.  1        |                seven priority areas for public health action on injuries
 189   II,     7.  2.  1    |                 form a major element of public health information. COD
 190   II,     7.  2.  4    |        accidents at work, either to the public (Social Security) or private
 191   II,     7.  3.  1    |               providing added value for public health and cross-sector
 192   II,     7.  3.  1    |                an enormous economic and public health toll;~· Traffic injuries
 193   II,     7.  3.  5    |            Suicides represent a serious public health problem. as they
 194   II,     7.  4        |               chapter clearly shows the public health relevance and impact
 195   II,     7.  4.  3    |                for interventions by the public health sector to prevent
 196   II,     7.  4.  3    |                       Consequently, the public health sector should concentrate
 197   II,     7.  4.  7    |         violence is an issue of growing public concern and includes domestic
 198   II,     7.  4.  7    |              the important steps in the public health approach to preventing
 199   II,     7.  4.  7    |                 In the framework of the Public Health Programme of the
 200   II,     7.  4.  7    |    dysfunctional families;~· Monitoring public places such as schools,
 201   II,     7.  5        |         credible advocators towards the public and the other political
 202   II,     7.  5        |                for carrying forward the public health response, the European
 203   II,     7.  5        |                 strategic framework for public health action, which is
 204   II,     7.  5        |          prevention, the added value of public health action, and proposes
 205   II,     7.  5        |         resources such as the Community Public Health Programme; and~·
 206   II,     7.  5        |        Commission, e.g. by means of the Public Health Programme.~ ~
 207   II,     7.  6        |              this development. Thus the public health contribution to injury
 208   II,     7.  6        |             room for improvement in the public health response to interpersonal
 209   II,     7.  7        |             Project. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute (KTL).~ ~
 210   II,     7.  7        |       Preventing Road Traffic Injury: A Public Health Perspective for Europe.
 211   II,     8.  1.  4    |               EUROSTAT Working Group on Public Health statistics) regarding
 212   II,     8.  1.  5    |              and physical access to the public built environment, in particular
 213   II,     8.  2.  1    |               recently been absent from public health surveys. Thus, attempts
 214   II,     8.  2.  1    |            traditionallyinvisible’ to public health monitoring. In general,
 215   II,     8.  2.  1    |                 services, omission from public health awareness campaigns
 216   II,     8.  2.  1    |          Community. European Journal of Public Health 13S: 101-6.~Lennox
 217   II,     8.  2.  1    |             European perspective. Eur J Public Health 13: 47-50; doi:10.
 218   II,     8.  2.  2    |                well as at community and public health level; non-availability
 219   II,     9.  1.  1    |                birth certificates. Am J Public Health 1992;82(2):257-61.~ ~
 220   II,     9.  1.  2    |        anomalies represent an important public health issue in terms of~·
 221   II,     9.  1.  2    |                have a special status in public health policy.~ ~Within
 222   II,     9.  1.  2    |              often ignored in the wider public health agenda due to their
 223   II,     9.  1.  2    |         distress (Green et al, 2004).~ ~Public health initiatives and policies~ ~
 224   II,     9.  1.  2    |            anomalies straddle different public health agendasrare diseases,
 225   II,     9.  1.  2    |          Consumer Protection, under its Public Health Programme, as a component
 226   II,     9.  1.  2    |             common response to European public health questions and share
 227   II,     9.  1.  2    |            congenital. The rare disease public health agenda, however,
 228   II,     9.  1.  2    |                the creation of European public health information.~ ~Little
 229   II,     9.  1.  2    |                 them their place in the public health agenda.~ ~Risk factors
 230   II,     9.  1.  2    |             other health benefits.~ ~d) Public health measures should have
 231   II,     9.  1.  2    |           environmental pollution.~ ~e) Public health measures aimed at
 232   II,     9.  2.  2    |          European commission funded the public health information project
 233   II,     9.  2.  2    |                European report on child public health was the WHO European
 234   II,     9.  2.  2    |                 Report 2005, subtitled “Public Health Action for Healthier
 235   II,     9.  2.  2    |               has a specific health and public health function, and coordinates
 236   II,     9.  2.  2    |                primarily at obtaining a public opinion view of specific
 237   II,     9.  2.  2    |             issues. Initiated to assess public views on Commission services,
 238   II,     9.  2.  2    |                sound epidemiological or public health tool, but it can
 239   II,     9.  2.  2    |           collaborated with the OECD in public health projects, so that
 240   II,     9.  2.  2    |                data: A major deficit in public health knowledge in Europe
 241   II,     9.  2.  2    |           child-orientation in European public health and statistical work.~ ~ ~
 242   II,     9.  2.  3    |              causes). There is a common public vision of happy and healthy
 243   II,     9.  2.  3    |           hospitalised children, but no public health data on the latter.
 244   II,     9.  2.  3    |           currently no means of seeking public health reporting of the
 245   II,     9.  2.  3    |              remarkably little standard public health information available,
 246   II,     9.  2.  3    |           physical exercisepractical public health issues which are
 247   II,     9.  2.  5    |               15. The Commission’s 2005 Public Health Work Plan, defined
 248   II,     9.  2.  5    |           Community Action Programme in Public Health 2003-2008 (European
 249   II,     9.  2.  7    |        Community action in the field of public health (2003-2008), OJ No
 250   II,     9.  2.  7    |                 European Health Report: Public health action for healthier
 251   II,     9.  3.  1    |               energy.~2. The systematic public and commercial developments
 252   II,     9.  3.  1    |               intravenous drug use. The public health impact is now becoming
 253   II,     9.  3.  1    |              address HIV/AIDS both as a public health issue, and as a symptom
 254   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 Osteoporosis is a major public health problem through its
 255   II,     9.  3.  2    |               units and their status as public or private institutions (
 256   II,     9.  3.  2    |                 Legislation, financing (public/private insurance/couples
 257   II,     9.  3.  2    |                birth certificates. Am J Public Health 1992;82(2):257-61.~ ~
 258   II,     9.  3.  3    |                 to correct myths in the public perception of behaviours.
 259   II,     9.  3.  3    |               as well as differences in public policy. The most important
 260   II,     9.  3.  3    |         population in Switzerland. Am J Public Health 87:558-66.~European
 261   II,     9.  3.  3    |              2005): Social marketing in public health. Annu Rev Public
 262   II,     9.  3.  3    |                 public health. Annu Rev Public Health 26:319-39.~Haavio-Mannila
 263   II,     9.  3.  3    |                systematic review. Eur J Public Health. 0: ckm014v1-7~Johnson
 264   II,     9.  3.  3    |               health survey. Scand J of Public Health 35:298-305~Serbanescu
 265   II,     9.  3.  3    |              education campaigns. Eur J Public Health 16(5):498-504.~Thompson
 266   II,     9.  4.  1    |                 economic growth and the public health budget throughout
 267   II,     9.  4.  1    |                of national and European public health policies for older
 268   II,     9.  4.  1    |         policies and clinical practice. Public healthcare policy must address
 269   II,     9.  4.  2    |         homogenous group in relation to public health. There is an urgent
 270   II,     9.  4.  2    |                 inform and guide future public health policies.~ ~Recent
 271   II,     9.  4.  5    |               not tolerated. A positive public health policy for Europe
 272   II,     9.  4.  5    |                 to society (WHO, 1999). Public polices which promote active
 273   II,     9.  4.  5    |               programme in the field of public health, which has come into
 274   II,     9.  4.  7    |           elderly in Europe. Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, No. 2
 275   II,     9.  5.  2    |                  the European Community Public Health Indicators). Euro-REVES
 276   II,     9.  5.  2    |            previous programmes from the public health framework (Cancer,
 277   II,     9.  5.  3    |          employed, women working in the public sector were more likely
 278   II,     9.  5.  4    |            inclusion and pensionsFP7 Public Health Framework Programme
 279   II,     9.  5.  4    |                   highlight the role of public health in its prevention,
 280   II,     9.  5.  4    |           Health Assembly resolution on Public health problems caused by
 281   II,     9.  5.  4    |               to be addressed both as a public health issue and as a symptom
 282   II,     9.  5.  4    |             Much of European Commission public health strategy focuses
 283   II,     9.  5.  4    |            these areas, the Community’s public health policy hasn’t so
 284   II,     9.  5.  6    |           Research. Canadian Journal of Public Health; 97 (1): 63-68~ ~
 285   II,     9.  5.  6    |           elderly in Europe. Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, No. 2
 286   II,     9.  5.  6    |            Women. In Oxford Textbook of Public Health, 4th ed, p 1596~ ~
 287  III,    10.  1        |                critically important for public health research and practice (
 288  III,    10.  1        |                  emotional, and social (public or private) interchanges
 289  III,    10.  1        |                 by policies. Looking at public health and potential diseases
 290  III,    10.  1        |         contribution to a disease or to public ill-health, all in order
 291  III,    10.  1        |               Today there is widespread public concern about health impacts
 292  III,    10.  1.  1    |               smoking (e.g. age limits, public smoking, advertising), peer
 293  III,    10.  1.  1    |                support for non-smoking, public opinion towards smoking,
 294  III,    10.  1.  2    |            effectively translated into (public) health policy and practice
 295  III,    10.  1.  3    |        framework. In Oxford Textbook of Public Health. (Edited by: Detels
 296  III,    10.  1.  3    |          disease. In Oxford Textbook of Public Health. (Edited by: Detels
 297  III,    10.  1.  3    |           health. In Oxford Textbook of Public Health. (Edited by: Detels
 298  III,    10.  1.  3    |        placement, and food labelling. J Public Health 15(1):57-62.~Sher
 299  III,    10.  1.  3    |        physical activity in children. J Public Health 14(2):71-75.~Wagner
 300  III,    10.  1.  3    |        evaluated projects in Germany. J Public Health 13(6):291-295.~Wiers
 301  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Statistic Sweden or the national public health survey, “Health on
 302  III,    10.  2.  1    |               the National Institute of Public Health.~ ~ ~ ~
 303  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 the workplace and other public places (Pirkle, 2006).~ ~
 304  III,    10.  2.  1    |          tobacco smoke (smoking bans in public places);~· measures to limit
 305  III,    10.  2.  1    |             concerned respectively with public health and internal market
 306  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Resolution on banning smoking in public places. Since the adoption
 307  III,    10.  2.  1    |          smoking bans in workplaces and public places. Bans on advertising
 308  III,    10.  2.  1    |             particularly in workplaces, public transport and indoor public
 309  III,    10.  2.  1    |             public transport and indoor public places;~· regulation of
 310  III,    10.  2.  1    |             communication, training and public awareness;~· tobacco advertising,
 311  III,    10.  2.  1    |              these facts, a part of the public health community promotes
 312  III,    10.  2.  1    |           legalised. In particular, the public health message on tobacco-related
 313  III,    10.  2.  1    |               confusing for the general public. Furthermore, it remains
 314  III,    10.  2.  1    |          subscales: the smoking bans in public places, the spending on
 315  III,    10.  2.  1    |              ban on smoking in work and public places, including bars,
 316  III,    10.  2.  1    |             educational facilities, and public transport.~· Regular increases
 317  III,    10.  2.  1    |          smoking bans in workplaces and public places (2). Bans on advertising
 318  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   The ban on smoking in public places that include all
 319  III,    10.  2.  1    |              educational facilities and public transport should become
 320  III,    10.  2.  1    |           evidence based regulation for public health. Tobacco Control;
 321  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Available
 322  III,    10.  2.  1    |           national, regional and global public health action. Globalization
 323  III,    10.  2.  1    |               of his or her drinking. A public health perspective also
 324  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of legislators and other public interest group officials,
 325  III,    10.  2.  1    |                2003). In the context of public health, the central purpose
 326  III,    10.  2.  1    |               to serve the interests of public health and social well-being
 327  III,    10.  2.  1    |               immediate effects. From a public policy perspective, it is
 328  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of domestic violence and public drunkenness (Olsson and
 329  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 their aim of protecting public health and do not go beyond
 330  III,    10.  2.  1    |                al, 2007).~ ~In general, public information campaigns are
 331  III,    10.  2.  1    |               advertising (a variant of public information campaigns which
 332  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Projects funded under the Public Health Programme 2003-2008:~ ~
 333  III,    10.  2.  1    |             2006): Alcohol in Europe: A Public Health Perspective - Report
 334  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Commodity. Research and Public Policy. Oxford, Oxford Medical
 335  III,    10.  2.  1    |               significant role from the public health point of view2.~ ~
 336  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 probably have important public health and financial consequences
 337  III,    10.  2.  1    |                the need to consider the public health implications of different
 338  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 increasing tendency for public health strategies to take
 339  III,    10.  2.  1    |              children, is a significant public health issue considering
 340  III,    10.  2.  1    |             most successful measures in public health history. Fluoride
 341  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 this decline is a major public health achievement, the
 342  III,    10.  2.  1    |             importance of gingivitis in public health terms been questioned,
 343  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 through national health public and private systems has
 344  III,    10.  2.  1    |               al, 2006).~ ~Clinical and public health research has shown
 345  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 and practices among the public through community programmes
 346  III,    10.  2.  1    |         Physical activity is not just a public health issue; it also promotes
 347  III,    10.  2.  1    |          stakeholders within and beyond public health. This implies strengthening
 348  III,    10.  2.  1    |           action, as part of a national public health agenda and through
 349  III,    10.  2.  1    | physical activity is a major element of public health promotion, involving
 350  III,    10.  2.  1    |             across sectors, in both the public and the commercial arenas,
 351  III,    10.  2.  1    |        encouraging physical activity.~ ~Public health programmes for physical activity
 352  III,    10.  2.  1    |               and necessary part of the public health response to current
 353  III,    10.  2.  1    |                and Miller Y (2004): The public health potential of health
 354  III,    10.  2.  1    |                health-related research. Public Health Reports, 1985, 100:
 355  III,    10.  2.  1    |                young people. Journal of Public Health Vol. 14(2):103-109.~ ~
 356  III,    10.  2.  1    |          children. London, Institute of Public Policy Research, Central
 357  III,    10.  2.  1    |         population]. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute.~ ~HBSC (
 358  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Swiss Federal Office of Public Health, Swiss Council for
 359  III,    10.  2.  1    |         Eurobarometer study. Journal of Public Health, 14(1):110.~ ~Sobal
 360  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 one of the most serious public health challenges for the
 361  III,    10.  2.  1(21)|               2003), Slovakia (National Public Health Authority, 2004;
 362  III,    10.  2.  1(22)|               2003), Slovakia (National Public Health Authoriy, 2004; Novakova,
 363  III,    10.  2.  1    |              and Frelut, 2003; National Public Health Authority, 2004;
 364  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Anthropometric Survey in Poland. Public Health Nutr., 2001, 4, 5(
 365  III,    10.  2.  1    |             years old, 15.2%) (National Public Health Authority, 2004;
 366  III,    10.  2.  1    |             2006; National Institute of Public Health, 2001) and Hungary (
 367  III,    10.  2.  1    |                the Swedish Institute of Public Health concludes that in
 368  III,    10.  2.  1    |             2005; National Institute of Public Health, 1997). A similar
 369  III,    10.  2.  1    |          attention of practitioners and public health workers with special
 370  III,    10.  2.  1    |                the special attention of public health workers to improve
 371  III,    10.  2.  1    |          stakeholders within and beyond public health. This implies strengthening
 372  III,    10.  2.  1    |             maximizing the benefits for public health. This implies addressing
 373  III,    10.  2.  1    |               nutrition action plans or public health strategies dealing
 374  III,    10.  2.  1    |               are essential elements of public health policies and programmes
 375  III,    10.  2.  1    |       individual members of the general public; and~· written in language
 376  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 prevailing diet-related public health problems, rather
 377  III,    10.  2.  1    |                recommendations consider public health significance. Another
 378  III,    10.  2.  1    |             been used for many years by public health authorities to develop
 379  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 consumers (e.g. conduct public campaigns aimed at informing
 380  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Scientific Institute of Public Health, Epidemiology Unit (
 381  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Results of the national public health survey 2006: lifestyle].
 382  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Swedish National Institute of Public Health (in Swedish). [h ] (
 383  III,    10.  2.  1    |       Copenhagen, National Institute of Public Health (in Danish). [h ] (
 384  III,    10.  2.  1    |               2006]. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute (in Lithuanian/
 385  III,    10.  2.  1    |               2006]. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute (in Finnish/
 386  III,    10.  2.  1    |          Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at the Royal Free
 387  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Preventive Services (2005): Public health strategies for preventing
 388  III,    10.  2.  1    |               young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity Reviews
 389  III,    10.  2.  1    |             2007): Genetics of obesity. Public Health Nutrition 10:1138-
 390  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   National Institute of Public Health (1997): Determinants
 391  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Stockholm, National Institute of Public Health, 1997; quoted from:
 392  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   National Institute of Public Health (2001): Sundhed og
 393  III,    10.  2.  1    |       Copenhagen, National Institute of Public Health (in Danish).~ ~National
 394  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  in Danish).~ ~National Public Health Authority (2004):
 395  III,    10.  2.  1    |                1]. Bratislava, National Public Health Authority (in Slovakian).~ ~
 396  III,    10.  2.  1    |           people]. Bratislava, National Public Health Authority of the
 397  III,    10.  2.  1    |               2004]. Helsinki, National Public Health Institute (in Latvian/
 398  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  National Institute for Public Health and the Environment,
 399  III,    10.  2.  1    |           European health report 2005Public health action for healthier
 400  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 in Europe: A continuing public health problem. WHO report
 401  III,    10.  2.  1    |              and human health: a review Public Health Nutr. 4: 593-599.~ ~
 402  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 disease of the elderly. Public Health Nutr. 4: 547-559.~ ~
 403  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Iron deficiency in Europe. Public Health Nutr. 4: 537-545.~ ~
 404  III,    10.  2.  1    |             from 10 European countries. Public Health Nutr 5 (6B), 1179-
 405  III,    10.  2.  1    |               in 10 European countries. Public Health Nutr 5 (6B):1259-
 406  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Nutrition (EPIC): study. Public Health Nutr 5 (6B), 1217-
 407  III,    10.  2.  1    |                24-hour dietary recalls. Public Health Nutr 2002 Dec, 5 (
 408  III,    10.  2.  1    |                24-hour dietary recalls. Public Health Nutr 2002 Dec, 5 (
 409  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Public Health Nutr 9(4): 449-464.~ ~
 410  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Nutrition (EPIC): project. Public Health Nutr 2002 Dec, 5 (
 411  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Nutrition (EPIC) study. Public Health Nutr 5 (6B): 1273-
 412  III,    10.  2.  2    |                 of the magnitude of the public health problem associated
 413  III,    10.  2.  4    |      Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs~PHG~Public Health Genomics~PHGEN~Public
 414  III,    10.  2.  4    |            Public Health Genomics~PHGEN~Public Health Genomics European
 415  III,    10.  2.  4    |           promoting a paradigm shift in public health. The main challenges
 416  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 The main challenges for public health in the future will
 417  III,    10.  2.  4    |             practise in the interest of public health and particularly
 418  III,    10.  2.  4    |                of the emerging field of Public Health Genomics.~ ~The next
 419  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 shift of prevention but Public Health practitioners so
 420  III,    10.  2.  4    |               genomics information into public health exist so far. Nevertheless,
 421  III,    10.  2.  4    |          delivery systems. Medicine and Public Health get an increasing
 422  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 for a paradigm shift in Public Health; however, all health
 423  III,    10.  2.  4    |              for the conceptual change. Public Health Genomics advocates
 424  III,    10.  2.  4    |         researchers and policymakers in Public Health Genomics.~ ~At present
 425  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 highlights the manifold Public Health challenges deriving
 426  III,    10.  2.  4    |                2007).~ ~The advances in Public Health monitoring do not
 427  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 in both the medical and Public Health setting.~ ~
 428  III,    10.  2.  4    |               system, we do not see any Public Health oriented sets of
 429  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 shift of prevention but Public Health practitioners so
 430  III,    10.  2.  4    |                sound policy judgements, Public Health practitioners will
 431  III,    10.  2.  4    |               been in the centre of the public debate for almost two decades.
 432  III,    10.  2.  4    |               attention to the needs of Public Health in the context of
 433  III,    10.  2.  4    |                relevant to genomics and Public Heath. The Institute of
 434  III,    10.  2.  4    |                    The DG SANCO fundedPublic Health Genomics European
 435  III,    10.  2.  4    |            which addresses the needs of Public Health in the EU (www.phgen.
 436  III,    10.  2.  4    |      acknowledged Bellagio Statement of Public Health Genomics (www.graphint.
 437  III,    10.  2.  4    |           promoting a paradigm shift in public health. In the past we started
 438  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 the past we started our public health tasks by looking
 439  III,    10.  2.  4    |            present we already start our public health tasks by looking
 440  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 future we may start our public health tasks by looking
 441  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 the main challenges for public health in the future will
 442  III,    10.  2.  4    |               traditional separation in public health reporting between
 443  III,    10.  2.  4    |            integration of genomics into Public Health research, policy
 444  III,    10.  2.  4    |                practise in the field of Public Health and particularly
 445  III,    10.  2.  4    |                of the emerging field of Public Health Genomics (PHG), defined
 446  III,    10.  2.  4    |                current actions. For the Public Health community the paradigm
 447  III,    10.  2.  4    |  individualisation of prevention. Thus, Public Health will come under pressure
 448  III,    10.  2.  4    |              224-229.~ ~Brand A (2005): Public health and genetics—a dangerous
 449  III,    10.  2.  4    |        combination? European Journal of Public Health, 15(2):114-116.~ ~
 450  III,    10.  2.  4    |            Integration of Genomics into Public Health Research, Policy
 451  III,    10.  2.  4    |                MJ (1996): From Genes to Public Health: The Applications
 452  III,    10.  2.  4    |                Disease Prevention. Am J Public Health, 86(12): 1717-1722.~ ~
 453  III,    10.  2.  4    |                conceptual challenge for public health genomics law. Italian
 454  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 law. Italian Journal of Public Health, 4(3): 4652.~ ~
 455  III,    10.  3.  1    |         radiation. In spite of the high public concern and several scientific
 456  III,    10.  3.  1    |            Noise is perceived among the public as one of the major environmental
 457  III,    10.  3.  1    |               of 8 hours) to inform the public about noise exposure and
 458  III,    10.  3.  1    |               protection of the general public and workers against the
 459  III,    10.  3.  1    |                on the protection of the public against indoor radon exposure (
 460  III,    10.  3.  1    |              for the information of the public, the indoor radon reference
 461  III,    10.  3.  1    |                 and actions relating to public information, the availability
 462  III,    10.  3.  1    |             political responsiveness to public concern than based on a
 463  III,    10.  3.  1    |            Informing and consulting the public about noise exposure, its
 464  III,    10.  3.  1    |               protection of the general public and workers in case of a
 465  III,    10.  3.  1    |             Adopted 21 March 2007 after public consultation.~GLOBOCAN 2002
 466  III,    10.  3.  2    |              sectors and by the general public. Man-made or industrial
 467  III,    10.  3.  2    |             their use has ceased.~ ~The public health relevance of the
 468  III,    10.  3.  2    |                   Industrial releases~ ~Public information about industrial
 469  III,    10.  3.  2    |         provision of information to the public (European Commission, 2007).~ ~
 470  III,    10.  3.  2    |                leading to the export of public health problems. 14 of the
 471  III,    10.  3.  2    |           degrees of certainty, and the public health impact is often very
 472  III,    10.  3.  2    |             techniques, flexibility and public participation. Details of
 473  III,    10.  3.  3    |               all pose serious risks to public health, particularly in
 474  III,    10.  3.  3    |          influenza poses a considerable public health threat. SARS is a
 475  III,    10.  3.  4    |                fashion will protect the public health.~ ~Climate change
 476  III,    10.  3.  4    |                advice on how to improve public health responses to heat-waves.
 477  III,    10.  3.  4    |                 threats and address the public health needs of the population.
 478  III,    10.  3.  4    |                 flooded areas, food and public awareness. A communicable
 479  III,    10.  3.  4    |         Bulgaria were addressed through public health measures such as
 480  III,    10.  3.  4    |        education and information to the public, the more enduring health
 481  III,    10.  3.  4    |         exchange of information between public organisations . In response
 482  III,    10.  3.  4    |                 related to the level of public awareness of health-related
 483  III,    10.  4.  1    |          represents the highest risk to public health in all regions of
 484  III,    10.  4.  1    |                and a declining share of public transport are the main causes
 485  III,    10.  4.  1    |                 are the main threats to public health. Of special concern
 486  III,    10.  4.  1    |                EU and provide effective public information.~In 2001, the
 487  III,    10.  4.  2    |           heightened sensitivity of the public towards biotechnology and
 488  III,    10.  4.  2    |              the protection of European public health while at the same
 489  III,    10.  4.  2    |               legislation and effective public consultation are essential
 490  III,    10.  4.  2    |               with stakeholders and the public, and ensure full access
 491  III,    10.  4.  2    |                 data, as well as launch public consultations and calls
 492  III,    10.  4.  2    |               all pose serious risks to public health.~ ~Table 10.4.2.1.
 493  III,    10.  4.  2    |             zoonotic diseases to reduce public health risk and provide
 494  III,    10.  4.  2    |      legislation relating to Veterinary Public Health.~ ~An assessment
 495  III,    10.  4.  2    |    chloropropanols) in order to protect public health.~• The legislation
 496  III,    10.  4.  2    |              Germany, USA, Canada). The public health implications of these
 497  III,    10.  4.  2    |               Thus, in order to protect public health, the European Commission
 498  III,    10.  4.  2    |                 an absolute value (i.e. public health, consumer defence,
 499  III,    10.  4.  2    |             been complied with.~ ~Since public health, consumer protection,
 500  III,    10.  4.  2    |                dioxins) that threatened public confidence in existing food