*Part, Chapter, Paragraph*

1 -, 1 | the size of the overall **population** of the European Union has
2 I, 2. 1 | fundamental effects on society, on **population** size and ageing, family
3 I, 2. 1 | structure, labour market **population** and minority populations.
4 I, 2. 1 | small, also as an effect of **population** ageing. One person households
5 I, 2. 1 | well being of the European **population**. Social policies, renowned
6 I, 2. 3 | the enormous inertia of **population** ageing in the EU. Nevertheless,
7 I, 2. 3 | years. For the European **population** at large, the relevant net
8 I, 2. 3 | accounts for 70% of the overall **population** growth. In the European
9 I, 2. 3 | down the average age of the **population**. However, the longer-term
** 10** I, 2. 3 | distribution of the European **population**.~In relation to skill level,
11 I, 2. 3 | Within the EU, a significant **population** movement is occurring from
12 I, 2. 4 | Distributive Consequences of **Population** Ageing in Six European Countries”.
13 I, 2. 4 | are the steps to increase **population** coverage, address financial
14 I, 2. 4 | improving the health of the **population** and reducing the existing
15 I, 2. 5 | the male section of the **population**, while trends for women
16 I, 2. 5 | Distributive Consequences of **Population** Ageing in Six European Countries”.
17 I, 2. 5 | ensure that the whole working **population** will accumulate sufficient
18 I, 2. 6 | States both in terms of total **population** having completed at least
19 I, 2. 6 | 2.4).~ ~Table 2.3. Total **population** percentage having completed
** 20** I, 2. 6 | percentage of the adult **population** (25-64 years old) that has
21 I, 2. 6 | measuring the share of the **population** that is likely to have the
22 I, 2. 6 | as a share of working-age **population**, the average EU student
23 I, 2. 7 | more than half of the human **population**, an estimated number of
24 I, 2. 7 | about 20% of the European **population** is living in rural settlements.
25 I, 2. 7 | status and mortality of the **population**, such as the provision of
26 I, 2. 7 | 1950, just 83 cities had a **population** of more than one million;
27 I, 2. 7 | will further increase to a **population** of 23 million, occupying
28 I, 2. 7 | significant portion of the overall **population**.~ ~
29 I, 2. 8 | production~ ~Due to both **population** growth and economic growth,
** 30** I, 2. 8 | The exposure of the local **population** is very much dependent on
31 I, 2. 8 | pollution dispersal and **population** vulnerability. Such factors
32 I, 2. 10. 1 | opportunities for the promotion of **population** health which will lead to
33 I, 2. 10. 1 | health literacy of the lay **population**.~ ~A comprehensive healthcare
34 I, 2. 11 | uncertainty. htt tm~United Nations **Population** Fund (UNFPA) (2007): State
35 I, 2. 11 | 2007): State of the world **population** 2007. Available at: htt ~ ~
36 I, 3.Acr | 2004 2004-based European **Population** Projections, EUROSTAT data~
37 I, 3. 2 | 3.2. **Population** growth and migration~ ~During
38 I, 3. 2 | During the last 50 years, the **population** of the EU with 27 Member
39 I, 3. 2 | million. In the past, natural **population** growth (i.e. the number
** 40** I, 3. 2 | major source of the total **population** increase in EU Member States,
41 I, 3. 2 | the main driving force of **population** growth in the EU.~ ~ ~In
42 I, 3. 2 | per cent of the world’s **population** was living in the area of
43 I, 3. 2 | fact that the overall world **population** growth was substantially
44 I, 3. 2 | substantially larger than the **population** growth in EU27. In the foreseeable
45 I, 3. 2 | recent projections of world **population** growth indicate a declining
46 I, 3. 2 | declining share of the EU27 **population** to 6% in 2025 and 5% in
47 I, 3. 2 | During the last 50 years, the **population** of the European Union with
48 I, 3. 2 | from 400 to 490 million.~ ~**Population** growth within the EU has
49 I, 3. 2 | 1960 to 2006 the overall EU **population** increased by about 22%.
** 50** I, 3. 2 | about 22%. Increases in **population** size were even larger in
51 I, 3. 2 | only Bulgaria had a lower **population** size than in 1960.~ ~Although,
52 I, 3. 2 | period the entire yearly **population** always increased, several
53 I, 3. 2 | several Member States saw **population** declines. For example in
54 I, 3. 2 | Member States have witnessed **population** increases again. Several
55 I, 3. 2 | Republic have seen declines in **population** size in specific years since
56 I, 3. 2 | Compared to 2000, the 2006 **population** sizes were smaller in Bulgaria,
57 I, 3. 2 | Slovenia) have had positive **population** growth in the last few years.
58 I, 3. 2 | this period, the largest **population** growth was in Ireland (+
59 I, 3. 2 | Bulgaria (-5%).~ ~Figure 3.2. **Population** size per Member State in
** 60** I, 3. 2 | the enormous variation in **population** growth in the various Member
61 I, 3. 2 | the EUROPOP 2004 baseline **population** projections, in 2050 the
62 I, 3. 2 | projections, in 2050 the **population** size will be 25% larger
63 I, 3. 2 | Malta. Sweden will see a **population** growth between 10 and 15%,
64 I, 3. 2 | and a more than 20% lower **population** size is expected in Bulgaria
65 I, 3. 2 | witness a 15% decrease in **population** between now and 2050, while
66 I, 3. 2 | almost remain constant in **population** size. In sum, EU27 will
67 I, 3. 2 | In the past, natural **population** growth (the number of births
68 I, 3. 2 | major source of the total **population**, whereas more recently the
69 I, 3. 2 | migration as the most important **population** growth factor. Immigration
** 70** I, 3. 2 | the main driving force of **population** growth in the EU and this
71 I, 3. 2 | Netherlands the rates of natural **population** increase are still larger
72 I, 3. 2 | these Member States the **population** projections show diminishing
73 I, 3. 2 | and ultimately negative **population** growth. The situation in
74 I, 3. 2 | migration rate (per 1,000 **population**), 2005~ ~The recent enlargement
75 I, 3. 2 | will reduce the total EU **population** growth as several of the
76 I, 3. 2 | States have low or negative **population** growth. The Slovak Republic
77 I, 3. 2 | still has positive natural **population** growth although small, while
78 I, 3. 2 | of this. In Slovenia, the **population** is still growing due to
79 I, 3. 2 | net natural decrease in **population**, growth is currently due
** 80** I, 3. 2 | migrants. For the European **population** at large, the relevant net
81 I, 3. 2 | accounts for 70% of the overall **population** growth. In the European
82 I, 3. 2 | immigrants (9% of all the **population**), but also France (11%),
83 I, 3. 2 | immigrants, i.e. over 7% of their **population**. Luxembourg has a smaller
84 I, 3. 2 | but its share of the total **population** is large (i.e. 37%). According
85 I, 3. 2 | down the average age of the **population**. However, the longer-term
86 I, 3. 2 | distribution of the European **population**.~ ~
87 I, 3. 3 | 3.3. **Population** ageing~ ~The slowing down
88 I, 3. 3 | ageing~ ~The slowing down of **population** growth in the E.U. leads
89 I, 3. 3 | in the age structure of a **population**, generally referred to the
** 90** I, 3. 3 | generally referred to the **population** ageing. Population ageing
91 I, 3. 3 | to the population ageing. **Population** ageing is caused by declining
92 I, 3. 3 | of births and deaths in a **population** result from the relative
93 I, 3. 3 | age-specific bars in the **population** pyramid. In turn, changes
94 I, 3. 3 | effects on the shape of the **population** pyramid. Such changes may
95 I, 3. 3 | European countries are facing **population** ageing albeit in various
96 I, 3. 3 | In many countries, the **population** has already been ageing
97 I, 3. 3 | ageing as long as reliable **population** statistics are available,
98 I, 3. 3 | only has a small effect on **population** ageing if any effect at
99 I, 3. 3 | Member States may face some ‘**population** juvenation’ as soon as the
** 100** I, 3. 3 | age-sex structure of the **population**, the fertility, mortality
101 I, 3. 3 | 4 and Figure 3.5). Since **population** pyramids depict persons
102 I, 3. 3 | 100 years. In addition to **population** dynamics, also changing
103 I, 3. 3 | shows the percentage of the **population** aged 0-14, 15-64 and 65+.
104 I, 3. 3 | potential labour market **population** will be, in the years to
105 I, 3. 3 | Figure 3.6. Share of EU27 **population** aged 0-14 and 65 or more
106 I, 3. 3 | entering the working age **population**, old-age-dependency rose
107 I, 3. 3 | the most rapidly ageing **population** over the whole period of
108 I, 3. 3 | the most rapidly ageing **population** during the last observation
109 I, 3. 4 | the History of Couples. **Population**: An English Selection, Vol.
** 110** II, 4.Acr | 2004~2004-based European **Population** Projections, EUROSTAT data~
111 II, 4. 1 | and MS death counts and **population** estimates from the EUROSTAT
112 II, 4. 1 | All data (death counts, **population** estimates and activity limitation),
113 II, 4. 1 | algorithm with death counts and **population** estimates from the EUROSTAT
114 II, 4. 1 | of the institutionalized **population** (which will adversely affect
115 II, 4. 1 | healthcare as a result of **population** ageing. This could be achieved
116 II, 4. 1 | potential burden of an ageing **population**. Health means wealth and
117 II, 4. 1 | sustainable summary measures of **population** health to meet the EU political
118 II, 4. 1 | and covering the whole **population** (rather than excluding those
119 II, 4. 3 | trends in four countries. **Population** and Development Review 16(
** 120** II, 4. 3 | for a general theory on **population** aging. Journal of Gerontology
121 II, 4. 3 | et al. (2006): Monitoring **population** disability: evaluation of
122 II, 5. 1. 1 | as the most important at **population** level selected from WHO
123 II, 5. 1. 1 | determinants. In the analysed **population**, aged 46 to 77, odds ratio
124 II, 5. 1. 1 | the main drivers of CKD at **population** level. Patients with neoplasias
125 II, 5. 2. 1 | a growth in the elderly **population**, which will lead to an increase
126 II, 5. 2. 2 | using the EUROSTAT European **population** as standard. The age range
127 II, 5. 2. 2 | interesting to note that Malta **population** has similar characteristics
128 II, 5. 2. 2 | Mediterranean countries and the **population** has similar characteristics
129 II, 5. 2. 2 | as the most important at **population** level were selected: hypertension,
** 130** II, 5. 2. 3 | Age-standardized (standard European **population**) mortality rates per 100.
131 II, 5. 2. 3 | Crude rates per 1 million **population** of revascularization procedures –
132 II, 5. 2. 3 | periodically. The existing **population** based registers in Europe
133 II, 5. 2. 3 | 5.2.4. WHO-MONICA 13 EU **population**. Mean annual coronary events
134 II, 5. 2. 3 | Age-standardized (standard European **Population**) cerebrovascular mortality
135 II, 5. 2. 3 | Age-standardized (standard European **population**) mortality rates per 100.
136 II, 5. 2. 3 | Age-standardized (standard European **population**) mortality rates per 100.
137 II, 5. 2. 3 | WHO-MONICA Project 6 EU **population**. Age-standardized average
138 II, 5. 2. 5 | 1982) three strategies: a **population** strategy, a high risk strategy
139 II, 5. 2. 5 | their life. Therefore, the ‘**population** strategy’ and ‘individual
** 140** II, 5. 2. 5 | importance of acting both at **population** and individual level, notably
141 II, 5. 2. 5 | of life in the European **population** by reducing the impact of
142 II, 5. 2. 6 | target only 20-30% of adult **population**.~Epidemiological data show
143 II, 5. 2. 6 | addressed to the overall **population**. The WHO European Action
144 II, 5. 2. 6 | 140/90 mmHg in the general **population**, and <130/80, if feasible,
145 II, 5. 2. 7 | findings on 12 Italian **population** samples. Am J Epid 163(10):
146 II, 5. 2. 7 | Project (2002): Do trends in **population** levels of blood pressure
147 II, 5. 2. 7 | Cardiological Treatments and **Population** Risk Factor Changes in England
148 II, 5. 3. 1 | of cancer in a particular **population** are:~ ~- Incidence: the
149 II, 5. 3. 1 | which cancer appears in a **population** or area over a given timeframe.
** 150** II, 5. 3. 1 | cancers in a year over the **population** at risk. It is usually expressed
151 II, 5. 3. 1 | cancer cases per 100,000 **population** at risk;~ ~- Mortality:
152 II, 5. 3. 1 | death in a year over the **population** at risk. It is usually expressed
153 II, 5. 3. 1 | deaths for cancer per 100,000 **population** at risk;~ ~- Relative survival:
154 II, 5. 3. 1 | total cancer burden in a **population** and is a useful indicator
155 II, 5. 3. 1 | of subjects living in the **population** at a given date with a past
156 II, 5. 3. 2 | occurring in a well-defined **population**, with the goal of improving
157 II, 5. 3. 2 | up to 30% of the national **population**. However in Europe some
158 II, 5. 3. 2 | certificates). Data refer to entire **population** covered by the CR and are
159 II, 5. 3. 2 | single institution. The **population** level cancer patient data
** 160** II, 5. 3. 2 | a proportion of general **population** incidence, number of interval
161 II, 5. 3. 2 | subjects and the general **population**.~ ~· Evaluating the impact
162 II, 5. 3. 2 | providers of cancer data at **population** level;~· cancer registries
163 II, 5. 3. 3 | The basic mortality and **population** information were downloaded
164 II, 5. 3. 7 | invitation of the target **population** (especially lower socio-economic
165 II, 5. 3. 7 | demonstrate the effectiveness at **population** level. Organised screening
166 II, 5. 3. 7 | cancers also in the male **population**. Reductions in mortality
167 II, 5. 3. 7 | cancer burden of a given **population** is influenced by interventions
168 II, 5. 4. 1 | majority of the diabetic **population**:~ ~·Type 1 diabetes mellitus (
169 II, 5. 4. 1 | about 10% of the diabetic **population** is affected by the disease,
** 170** II, 5. 4. 1 | occur mainly in the elderly **population** over the age of 40. Because
171 II, 5. 4. 1 | 80% of the total diabetic **population** resides in developing countries.
172 II, 5. 4. 1 | where 9.2 % of the adult **population** are affected, and North
173 II, 5. 4. 2 | factors, quality of care, and **population** outcomes.~In the year 1989,
174 II, 5. 4. 2 | the presence of a target **population** that is so large and diverse.
175 II, 5. 4. 2 | T1DM/T2DM within a defined **population** enters a master index including
176 II, 5. 4. 2 | denominators are well set (**population** from a precise catchment
177 II, 5. 4. 2 | results obtained on a selected **population**, but their results are limited
178 II, 5. 4. 2 | and coverage of the target **population**. In all cases, they do not
179 II, 5. 4. 2 | patients and the general **population**. This must be extracted
** 180** II, 5. 4. 2 | is representative for the **population** in a given geographical
181 II, 5. 4. 2 | diabetes~ ~ ~% of the general **population** with a BMI 30 kg/m2~14~ ~
182 II, 5. 4. 2 | diabetes by age/100,000 **population** 0–14 years~12~HES/HIS Registry~
183 II, 5. 4. 2 | of diabetes mellitus/1000 **population** ~15~HIS/HES/SPSN/RS Registries~
184 II, 5. 4. 2 | diabetes/1,000,000 general **population**~11~HIS/HES/SPSN/RS Registries~
185 II, 5. 4. 2 | diabetes /1,000,000 general **population**~11~HIS/HES/SPSN/RS Registries~
186 II, 5. 4. 2 | mellitus/100,000 general **population**~12~National Registry~Annual
187 II, 5. 4. 2 | death rate in the general **population** from all causes /100,000
188 II, 5. 4. 2 | causes /100,000 general **population**, adjusted for European Standard
189 II, 5. 4. 2 | adjusted for European Standard **Population**~12~National Registry~Acronyms:~
** 190** II, 5. 4. 2 | diabetes present in the **population** per 1000 individuals in
191 II, 5. 4. 2 | 1000 individuals in that **population** using the definition of
192 II, 5. 4. 2 | individuals in the diabetic **population** in one year.~Prevalence (
193 II, 5. 4. 2 | transplantation per 100.000 diabetic **population** is defined as the number
194 II, 5. 4. 2 | individuals in the diabetic **population**.~Mortality is the most fundamental
195 II, 5. 4. 2 | mellitus/100,000 general **population**. Despite the simplicity
196 II, 5. 4. 2 | patients /100,000 general **population**~9~Annual incidence of stroke
197 II, 5. 4. 2 | patients /100,000 general **population**~10~Annual incidence of myocardial
198 II, 5. 4. 2 | patients/100,000 general **population**~10~ ~Definitions:~In terms
199 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of general **population** with impaired fasting glucose,
** 200** II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of the total diabetic **population** that had their HbA1c measured
201 II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of total diabetic **population** with HbA1c tested and a
202 II, 5. 4. 2 | for lipids in the diabetic **population**. It is measured as the percentage
203 II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of total diabetic **population** that had their total cholesterol
204 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** with their total cholesterol
205 II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of the diabetic **population** that had their LDL-cholesterol
206 II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of the diabetic **population** with LDL-cholesterol tested
207 II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of the diabetic **population** that had their LDL-cholesterol
208 II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of the diabetic **population** with their HDL-cholesterol
209 II, 5. 4. 2 | for lipids in the diabetic **population**. It is measured as the percentage
** 210** II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of total diabetic **population** that had their total triglycerides
211 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** with their total cholesterol
212 II, 5. 4. 2 | percentage of total diabetic **population** that had microalbuminuria
213 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** with microalbuminuria/proteinuria
214 II, 5. 4. 2 | smokers in the diabetic **population**.~Levels of BMI among diabetics
215 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** that had their BMI measured
216 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** that had their eye fundus
217 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** that had their eye fundus
218 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** that had their eye fundus
219 II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** that had their serum creatinine
** 220** II, 5. 4. 2 | the percentage of diabetic **population** with creatinine tested in
221 II, 5. 4. 2 | individuals in the diabetic **population** in one year. Amputations
222 II, 5. 4. 2 | individuals in the diabetic **population** in one year.~The annual
223 II, 5. 4. 2 | individuals in the diabetic **population** in one year.~ ~
224 II, 5. 4. 3 | adult (20-79 years) EU-27 **population** was diagnosed with diabetes (
225 II, 5. 4. 3 | transplantation per 100.000 diabetic **population**. Across 11 countries, the
226 II, 5. 4. 3 | to 68% (Cyprus) of the **population**, with a median value of
227 II, 5. 4. 3 | to 51% (Scotland) of the **population**, with a median value of
228 II, 5. 4. 3 | band effect: the older the **population**, the higher the percentage.~
229 II, 5. 4. 3 | the percentage of diabetic **population** that had their eye fundus
** 230** II, 5. 4. 4 | About 50% of the general **population** in most countries are now
231 II, 5. 4. 6 | seriously by the entire **population**. Information campaigns are
232 II, 5. 4. 6 | diabetes as well as the **population** as a whole;~· Development
233 II, 5. 4. 6 | programmes for the whole **population** and high-risk groups and
234 II, 5. 4. 7 | treatment, management);~· **population** (area level); and~· risk-adjusted
235 II, 5. 5.Int | Approximately 20-30% of the epilepsy **population** have more than one seizure
236 II, 5. 5.Int | illnesses in the general **population**. Treatment with medications
237 II, 5. 5.Int | the Mental Health of the **Population**' which marked the beginning
238 II, 5. 5. 1 | not reflect the reality of **population** mental health. These statistics
239 II, 5. 5. 1 | disorders as total per 100 000 **population** for newly diagnosed mental
** 240** II, 5. 5. 1 | self-inflicted injury per 100 000 **population**. Age standardisation delivers
241 II, 5. 5. 1 | rate would have been if the **population** had the same age distribution
242 II, 5. 5. 1 | the European standardised **population**. The HfA data is derived
243 II, 5. 5. 1 | 5.5.1.2.2. Data from **population** surveys~ ~ ~ ESEMeD~ ~The
244 II, 5. 5. 1 | psychotic disorders.~ ~· Other **population** surveys~ ~Mood and anxiety
245 II, 5. 5. 1 | 2001-3. It represents a **population** of more than 212 million
246 II, 5. 5. 1 | reference to 25-64 year old **population**, by country of residence.~ ~
247 II, 5. 5. 1 | self-harm per 100 000 whole **population** (standardized death rate)
248 II, 5. 5. 1 | from statistical data and **population** surveys, and consisted of
249 II, 5. 5. 1 | conducted in the general **population** using a sound methodology
** 250** II, 5. 5. 1 | disorder in the general **population**: results from the US National
251 II, 5. 5. 1 | quality of life: a general **population** survey in Finland using
252 II, 5. 5. 2 | based on these studies and **population** statistics obtained from
253 II, 5. 5. 2 | EUROSTAT statistics~ ~**Population** statistics were extracted
254 II, 5. 5. 2 | Estonia were from 2004. **Population** statistics were obtained
255 II, 5. 5. 2 | together in order to have the **population** aged between 30 and 59.
256 II, 5. 5. 2 | 30 and 59. In some cases, **population** statistics were not available
257 II, 5. 5. 2 | prevalence rates and the **population** statistics from EUROSTAT,
258 II, 5. 5. 2 | 25 percent of the total **population** of the 27 member states.~ ~
259 II, 5. 5. 2 | dementia as a percentage of the **population** has increased from 1960
** 260** II, 5. 5. 2 | the general ageing of the **population**.~ ~Figure 5.5.2.1. The number
261 II, 5. 5. 2 | Finland as a % of the total **population**~ ~As can be seen from the
262 II, 5. 5. 2 | percentage of the total **population**, the increase was from 0.
263 II, 5. 5. 2 | prevalence rates and UN **population** estimates and projections.
264 II, 5. 5. 2 | percentage of the overall **population** has been gradually increasing
265 II, 5. 5. 2 | implications of an ageing **population** and the increase in numbers
266 II, 5. 5. 2 | Lastly, as Europe’s **population** continues to age and governments
267 II, 5. 5. 3 | but forbid conclusions on **population** level. Several population
268 II, 5. 5. 3 | population level. Several **population** groups can be used as sample
269 II, 5. 5. 3 | Risk factors and vulnerable **population** groups~ ~Eating disorders
** 270** II, 5. 5. 3 | Eating disorders are rare in **population** and affect particularly
271 II, 5. 5. 3 | Longitudinal studies and **population** statistics give well-grounded
272 II, 5. 5. 3 | occurs in about 1% of the **population**, independent of gender (
273 II, 5. 5. 3 | 2001a). With regards to the **population** of the EU27 countries (495
274 II, 5. 5. 3 | epidemiology studies, and the **population** size aged > 15 , the regional
275 II, 5. 5. 3 | the life span of 1% of the **population**.~ ~In most studies incidence
276 II, 5. 5. 3 | between 16 and 42 per 100 000 **population** experience a new onset of
277 II, 5. 5. 3 | polydipsia than the general **population** (Leucht et al, 2007).~Available
278 II, 5. 5. 3 | to 2 – 3% in the general **population**. In the family history of
279 II, 5. 5. 3 | rates in these surveys, **population** size, and prevalence rates
** 280** II, 5. 5. 3 | and routine care (patient **population**, artificial circumstances,
281 II, 5. 5. 3 | treatments, because the study **population** is usually not representative
282 II, 5. 5. 3 | prescriptions per head of **population**; Germany displaying the
283 II, 5. 5. 3 | from 0.1 to 96 per 100 000 **population** (WHO, 2005c). This is also
284 II, 5. 5. 3 | the mental health of the **population**: Towards a strategy on mental
285 II, 5. 5. 3 | compared with the general **population**, as far as we are aware
286 II, 5. 5. 3 | be associated in only one **population** will both be included in
287 II, 5. 5. 3 | longevity of the European **population**. Epilepsy is linked to educational
288 II, 5. 5. 3 | of the general epilepsy **population**. Thus, multiple sources
289 II, 5. 5. 3 | from the entire national **population** have been made available
** 290** II, 5. 5. 3 | by the structure of the **population** at risk, the prevalence
291 II, 5. 5. 3 | et al., 2005~ ~Country ~**Population** ~Design~No. of cases ~Prevalence
292 II, 5. 5. 3 | from 1 to 8 per 100,000 **population** per year, but international
293 II, 5. 5. 3 | mortality risk than the general **population**. Patients with a CNS lesion
294 II, 5. 5. 3 | than that of the general **population**. The highest mortality in
295 II, 5. 5. 3 | expected in the general **population**, which is lower in children,
296 II, 5. 5. 3 | suicide than the general **population**. However, the PMRs range
297 II, 5. 5. 3 | epilepsy than in the general **population** (Smeets et al, 2007). However,
298 II, 5. 5. 3 | substrate of the European **population** and the consistency of the
299 II, 5. 5. 3 | al (1995): Epilepsy in a **population** of 6000 reexamined: secular
** 300** II, 5. 5. 3 | epilepsy in the general **population**. Epilepsia 45:1613-1622.~
301 II, 5. 5. 3 | observational study in an unselected **population** based cohort with newly
302 II, 5. 5. 3 | literature or from local small **population** surveys were also used when
303 II, 5. 5. 3 | using the 1966 European **population**, and age-standardised rates
304 II, 5. 5. 3 | that in the city’s general **population**. In Hordaland County prevalence
305 II, 5. 5. 3 | a genetically resistant **population**, the prevalence increased
306 II, 5. 5. 3 | well-defined and stable **population**. The threefold increase
307 II, 5. 5. 3 | explained by the changing **population** age structure, generally
308 II, 5. 5. 3 | their interaction with the **population** specific genetic susceptibility
309 II, 5. 5. 3 | have been reported for the **population** aged 35–49 for all Countries
** 310** II, 5. 5. 3 | prevalence was higher in the **population** aged 50–64.~The total annual
311 II, 5. 5. 3 | expectancy than the general **population**. Mean survival time after
312 II, 5. 5. 3 | the European (and World) **population** a weak correlation was found.
313 II, 5. 5. 3 | correlation was found. The **population** age structure is therefore
314 II, 5. 5. 3 | and gender matched general **population**). The economic burden of
315 II, 5. 5. 3 | climate-related, are operative at **population** level, among which vitamin
316 II, 5. 5. 3 | appearance in an indigeneous **population**. J Neurol 247;129-133.~Haffenden
317 II, 5. 5. 3 | rates for PD in the general **population** are approximately 120 to
318 II, 5. 5. 3 | differences in methodology, **population** samples, survey design,
319 II, 5. 5. 3 | which 10.2% of the study **population** was confined to bed or a
** 320** II, 5. 5. 3 | compared to the non-diseased **population** (Hoehn and Yahr 1967). Newer
321 II, 5. 5. 3 | by a continuously ageing **population**, and b) will be increasingly
322 II, 5. 5. 3 | to 81.5% of the healthy **population**. Premature retirement depended
323 II, 5. 5. 3 | 9 years for the healthy **population**. Although treatment options
324 II, 5. 5. 3 | increase of the elderly **population** in developed countries,
325 II, 5. 5. 3 | Rooney C, Burn D (2005): **Population** based mortality and quality
326 II, 5. 6. 1 | dramatically with the ageing of the **population** as many of these conditions
327 II, 5. 6. 3 | for a Caucasian European **population** derived from studies in
328 II, 5. 6. 3 | over one-fifth (22%) of the **population** currently has, or has experienced
329 II, 5. 6. 3 | as well as for the whole **population** and the elderly (Picavet
** 330** II, 5. 6. 3 | to be 4-5% of the adult **population** (Reynolds et al, 1992).
331 II, 5. 6. 3 | adults from the Office of **Population** Census and Surveys, found
332 II, 5. 6. 3 | Statistics, 1989).~ ~A large **population** study, The Calderdale study (
333 II, 5. 6. 3 | found that 24% of the whole **population** reported some joint problems.
334 II, 5. 6. 3 | approximately 10% of the **population** 60 years old or older have
335 II, 5. 6. 3 | Determinants, risk factors and **population** at risk~ ~Age is the strongest
336 II, 5. 6. 3 | of persistent disease in **population** studies in 75% of people
337 II, 5. 6. 3 | Determinants, risk factors and the **population** at risk~ ~RA tends to run
338 II, 5. 6. 3 | the severity of RA in a **population** study using 1987 ARA criteria
339 II, 5. 6. 3 | frailty in the elderly female **population** of Western countries throughout
** 340** II, 5. 6. 3 | Determinants, risk factors and the **population** at risk~ ~Apart from age
341 II, 5. 6. 3 | due to the ageing of the **population** and changes in risk factors (
342 II, 5. 6. 3 | within 1 year in the working **population** and lifetime recurrences
343 II, 5. 6. 3 | frequent in the working **population** and higher between 25 and
344 II, 5. 6. 3 | definitions used and the **population** studied. Non-comparability
345 II, 5. 6. 3 | prevalence (proportion of **population** studied that are suffering
346 II, 5. 6. 3 | Determinants, risk factors and the **population** at risk~ ~The occurrence
347 II, 5. 6. 3 | frequency among the working **population** (European guidelines for
348 II, 5. 6. 4 | and due to the ageing of **population** requiring more arthroplasties
349 II, 5. 6. 4 | the economically active **population** can be estimated based upon
** 350** II, 5. 6. 4 | older age. The ageing of the **population** in Europe will result in
351 II, 5. 6. 5 | strategies are aimed at the whole **population** to prevent these conditions
352 II, 5. 6. 6 | geographically defined general **population**: studies of differences
353 II, 5. 6. 6 | rheumatic disorders in a British **population**: estimates of severity and
354 II, 5. 6. 6 | associations in a Swedish **population** study. J Rheumatol 28:1369-
355 II, 5. 6. 6 | rheumatoid arthritis: a **population** survey. J Rheumatol 24:1703-
356 II, 5. 6. 6 | Greenwood R, Frankel S (2003): **Population** Requirement for Primary
357 II, 5. 6. 6 | osteoarthritis in a male **population**. Arthritis Rheum 33:1323-
358 II, 5. 6. 6 | degeneration in an urban **population**. Annals of 1958 17:388-397~
359 II, 5. 6. 6 | fractures in the general **population**. J Bone Miner Res 18:1139-
** 360** II, 5. 6. 6 | disability in the Dutch **population**. Am J Public Health 87:1680-
361 II, 5. 6. 6 | osteoarthritis (OA) in the general **population** using idfferent clinical
362 II, 5. 6. 6 | osteoarthritis in a Dutch **population** with that in 10 other populations.
363 II, 5. 6. 6 | impact and a comparison of **population** and medical perceptions
364 II, 5. 7.Acr | Million of the Age-Related **Population**~PMP~Per Million of the Population~
365 II, 5. 7.Acr | Population~PMP~Per Million of the **Population**~QOF~Quality and Outcomes
366 II, 5. 7. 1 | that of the coeval general **population**, whilst patients with ESRD
367 II, 5. 7. 1 | value of these biomarkers at **population** level.~ ~Figure 5.7.1. Development
368 II, 5. 7. 1 | authorities and ignored by the **population**. In a context where costs
369 II, 5. 7. 1 | i.e. 0.083% of the general **population** (Pontoriero et al, 2007).
** 370** II, 5. 7. 2 | segment of the catchment **population** with the aim of answering
371 II, 5. 7. 3 | million of the age-related **population** (pmarp) (Ardissino et al.,
372 II, 5. 7. 3 | other countries are based on **population** samples representative of
373 II, 5. 7. 3 | representative of the general **population** of those countries.~ ~There
374 II, 5. 7. 3 | Ireland, England, Italy) or **population** surveys. Data from medical
375 II, 5. 7. 3 | England and Italy than in **population** based studies in Belgium,
376 II, 5. 7. 3 | per million of age related **population** (Table 5.7.7).~ ~Adults~ ~
377 II, 5. 7. 3 | 807 patients per million **population** (pmp). This was due to a
378 II, 5. 7. 3 | Ireland, England, Italy) or **population** surveys. Data from medical
379 II, 5. 7. 3 | England and Italy than in **population** based studies in Belgium,
** 380** II, 5. 7. 4 | the main drivers of CKD at **population** level. Patients with neoplasias
381 II, 5. 7. 4 | distribution in the general **population**, by the prevalence of underlying
382 II, 5. 7. 4 | mortality in the general **population**) (Jager and van Dijk, 2007).
383 II, 5. 7. 5 | whether screening the general **population** for CKD is cost-effective (
384 II, 5. 7. 5 | activities to inform the general **population** on the epidemiological problem
385 II, 5. 7. 5 | care should be related to **population** needs, assessed at regional
386 II, 5. 7. 6 | curbing ESRD in the American **population**. Indicators on these goals
387 II, 5. 7. 7 | glomerular filtration in the **population**: prevalence, associated
388 II, 5. 7. 7 | microalbuminuria in the general **population**. Kidney Int Suppl 2005 Apr;(
389 II, 5. 7. 7 | kidney disease in the general **population**: follow-up of cross sectional
** 390** II, 5. 7. 7 | 2002) Maintenance dialysis **population** dynamics: current trends
391 II, 5. 7. 7 | and women from the general **population**. Eur Heart J 2006 May;27(
392 II, 5. 7. 7 | disease in the Galician **population**: results of the pilot Spanish
393 II, 5. 7. 7 | enrollees in a large HMO **population**. J Am Soc Nephrol 2004 May;
394 II, 5. 8. 1 | the health of the European **population**. COPD is a treatable disease,
395 II, 5. 8. 2 | partly coexist in the general **population**. This was confirmed in the
396 II, 5. 8. 3 | an age-stratified general **population** sample of middle-aged and
397 II, 5. 8. 3 | year follow-up of a general **population** sample in Bergen (Norway).~ ~
398 II, 5. 8. 3 | For example, in a general **population** sample of 25-73 year old
399 II, 5. 8. 3 | COPD in the general Spanish **population** aged between 40 and 69 years
** 400** II, 5. 8. 3 | out with data of the Dutch **population**, the prevalence of COPD
401 II, 5. 8. 3 | Prevalence (per 1 000 in Dutch **population**) reported for the Netherlands
402 II, 5. 8. 3 | fact that, in general, the **population** lives longer.~ ~Despite
403 II, 5. 8. 3 | in a large out-patient **population** of patients with COPD (389
404 II, 5. 8. 3 | another study, a small Danish **population** of patients affected by
405 II, 5. 8. 3 | HRQoL) as shown in a Spanish **population** of about 10 700 COPD patients,
406 II, 5. 8. 3 | lost work days per 100 000 **population** are due to this disease;
407 II, 5. 8. 4 | determinants. In the analysed **population**, aged 46 to 77, odds ratio
408 II, 5. 8. 4 | of community or general **population** studies carried out in the
409 II, 5. 8. 4 | as a result of the global **population** ageing, COPD is one of several
** 410** II, 5. 8. 5 | on the screening of the **population** at risk, with the aim of
411 II, 5. 8. 5 | detection of COPD in high risk **population** by means of spirometric
412 II, 5. 8. 5 | spirometry screening of the **population** at high risk of COPD, i.e.
413 II, 5. 8. 6 | end-of-life care for this **population** will be contingent upon
414 II, 5. 8. 7 | with COPD in Denmark -- a **population** study of COPD patients compared
415 II, 5. 8. 7 | disease in a general adult **population**. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2005;
416 II, 5. 8. 7 | an age-stratified general **population** sample. Chest 2006; 129:
417 II, 5. 8. 7 | up study of the general **population**. Thorax 2006; 61: 935-939.~ ~L J (
418 II, 5. 8. 7 | systematic analysis of **population** health data. Lancet 2006;
419 II, 5. 8. 7 | knowledge of COPD among general **population**. Respir Med 2006; 100: 1973-
** 420** II, 5. 8. 7 | lung disease in a general **population** sample: the NICECOPD study.
421 II, 5. 8. 7 | Niederlander E. Health (2006): In “**Population** and social conditions”,
422 II, 5. 8. 7 | health-care utilization in a **population** of veterans with a self-reported
423 II, 5. 8. 7 | depletion in a large out-patient **population** of patients with COPD. Respir
424 II, 5. 8. 7 | obstruction in a general **population**. ERS vs ATS definition.
425 II, 5. 8. 7 | disease in the Italian general **population**. Chest 2004; 126; 1093-1101.~ ~V . (
426 II, 5. 9. FB | prevention are aimed at a **population** that is still healthy although
427 II, 5. 9. FB | applicable to the whole **population**, present no risk and have
428 II, 5. 9. FB | programmes on the general **population**. A better implementation
429 II, 5. 9. 1 | approximately 4–11% of the general **population** while AR is estimated to
** 430** II, 5. 9. 3 | cases of the young adult **population** (20-44 years of age) (de
431 II, 5. 9. 3 | 2002) identified a total **population** prevalence of current asthma
432 II, 5. 9. 3 | Bulgaria (9% in the total **population**), Latvia (8.2%), Czech Rep.(
433 II, 5. 9. 3 | Czech Rep.(8% of the general **population**: 11.2% in children of 6-
434 II, 5. 9. 3 | asthma primary care serving a **population** of 330000 people suggest
435 II, 5. 9. 4 | given to the paediatric **population**.~ ~Numerous surveys on school-age
436 II, 5. 9. 7 | rhinitis in the Italian **population** evaluated through the national
437 II, 5. 10. 1 | 18% of the European adult **population** report having experienced
438 II, 5. 10. 2 | common than in the general **population**. Notably, little information
439 II, 5. 10. 4 | intolerance among specific **population** subgroups in different EU
** 440** II, 5. 10. 7 | 1973 to 1994 in a Finnish **population** and a possible relationship
441 II, 5. 11. 1 | to one-third of all the **population**. With the exception of melanoma
442 II, 5. 11. 1 | 5–33.0% of the European **population** (Rea et al, 1976; Johnson,
443 II, 5. 11. 1 | morbidity in the general **population**, research on such pathologies
444 II, 5. 11. 3 | source of morbidity. For the **population** as a whole, morbidity results
445 II, 5. 11. 3 | diseases~ ~DISEASE~STUDY **POPULATION**~PREVALENCE~AUTHORS~Atopic
446 II, 5. 11. 3 | Koenig et al, 1999). In **population** studies from Scandinavian
447 II, 5. 11. 3 | sensitization in a Danish schoolgirl **population** with ears pierced after
448 II, 5. 11. 3 | to 2002 in a multi-centre **population** in North America (NACDG),
449 II, 5. 11. 3 | suggested that around 1% of the **population** had clinically significant
** 450** II, 5. 11. 3 | found to affect 2.8% of the **population**, mainly adults. Asteatotic
451 II, 5. 11. 3 | dermatitis in the general **population** are scarce, whereas a number
452 II, 5. 11. 3 | A study of an unselected **population** of Danish adults found that
453 II, 5. 11. 3 | in European fair skinned **population** (per 100 000).~ ~ ~There
454 II, 5. 11. 3 | steeply in the fair skinned **population** over the last 30 years (
455 II, 5. 11. 7 | validation of a questionnaire for **population** surveys. Br J Dermatol 2003;
456 II, 5. 11. 7 | in the very elderly Dutch **population**. Cancer 2000;89:1121–1133.~ ~
457 II, 5. 11. 7 | atopic eczema in a general **population**. J Am Acad Dermatol 1994;
458 II, 5. 11. 7 | in an unselected Danish **Population**. Acta Der Venereo 1992;72:
459 II, 5. 12. 2 | Age-standardized rates per 100,000 **population**, at all ages and truncated
** 460** II, 5. 12. 2 | based on the world standard **population** (Doll and Smith, 1982).
461 II, 5. 12. 3 | 12.1. Age-adjusted (world **population**) mortality rates from cirrhosis
462 II, 5. 12. 3 | 12.2. Age-adjusted (world **population**) mortality rates from cirrhosis
463 II, 5. 12. 5 | which can be recommended at **population** level to avoid cirrhosis.~
464 II, 5. 12. 6 | in cirrhosis mortality at **population** level. Sudden variations
465 II, 5. 13 | occurring in very large **population** groups throughout Europe,
466 II, 5. 13 | sufficient quantities by specific **population** groups; this originates
467 II, 5. 14. 1 | the service needs of the **population** and ensure that personnel
468 II, 5. 14. 2 | scientific reports from **population** studies on oral health carried
469 II, 5. 14. 2 | oral health of the adult **population** is based on integrated chronic
** 470** II, 5. 14. 2 | Twelve Months~Proportion of **population** aged 2 and over who visited
471 II, 5. 14. 2 | Assessment~Proportion of **population** in the age group 12, 15,
472 II, 5. 14. 2 | Prevalence~Proportion of adult **population** aged more than 35 years
473 II, 5. 14. 2 | number and rates (per 100,000 **population**) of active dentists, dental
474 II, 5. 14. 2 | clinical providers per 100,000 **population**.~Denominator: Mid-year population.~ ~
475 II, 5. 14. 2 | population.~Denominator: Mid-year **population**.~ ~Methods~The international
476 II, 5. 14. 2 | and quality of life of the **population**. The prevalence of moderate
477 II, 5. 14. 2 | attachment loss in the general **population** remains unclear in many
478 II, 5. 14. 2 | representative sample of the **population** of the country. In addition,
479 II, 5. 14. 3 | in their own homes. Other **population** groups at high risk for
** 480** II, 5. 14. 3 | particularly true with the older **population** groups. It can also profoundly
481 II, 5. 14. 3 | behaviour in the ageing **population**. Measures of oral pain and
482 II, 5. 14. 3 | cases limitations among **population** groups with a high risk
483 II, 5. 14. 3 | the majority of the adult **population** but the severe generalized
484 II, 5. 14. 3 | in only 5% to 10% of any **population**.~The majority of the young
485 II, 5. 14. 3 | majority of the young adult **population** adults in Western countries
486 II, 5. 14. 3 | only 5% to 10% of the adult **population**. In the 35 to 44 years old
487 II, 5. 14. 3 | countries where 2% to 40% of the **population** is affected. Prevalence
488 II, 5. 14. 3 | percentage of these people in the **population** as a whole. Proper diagnosis
489 II, 5. 14. 3 | that the proportion of the **population** that annually makes at least
** 490** II, 5. 14. 5 | tend to focus on specific **population** groups according to specific
491 II, 5. 14. 5 | involvement of entire groups of **population** such as the ageing population.
492 II, 5. 14. 5 | population such as the ageing **population**. For the oral health sector,
493 II, 5. 14. 5 | demography of the European **population**. The challenges which may
494 II, 5. 14. 5 | from a constantly ageing **population** require the development
495 II, 5. 14. 6 | relatively small portion of the **population** in some European countries,
496 II, 5. 15. 1 | affecting maybe around 3% of the **population** in total - in other words,
497 II, 5. 15. 3 | of rare diseases on the **population**, it is necessary to establish
498 II, 5. 15. 3 | 1 in 500 in the general **population**; this prevalence estimate
499 II, 5. 15. 3 | level of reimbursement, **population** of patients treated etc.).
** 500** II, 5. 15. 3 | very different from one **population** to another, depending on