1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1023
     Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

   1    -,     1            |                 the size of the overall population of the European Union has
   2    I,     2.  1        |      fundamental effects on society, on population size and ageing, family
   3    I,     2.  1        |                structure, labour market population and minority populations.
   4    I,     2.  1        |             small, also as an effect of population ageing. One person households
   5    I,     2.  1        |              well being of the European population. Social policies, renowned
   6    I,     2.  3        |                 the enormous inertia of population ageing in the EU. Nevertheless,
   7    I,     2.  3        |                 years. For the European population at large, the relevant net
   8    I,     2.  3        |         accounts for 70% of the overall population growth. In the European
   9    I,     2.  3        |             down the average age of the population. However, the longer-term
  10    I,     2.  3        |            distribution of the European population.~In relation to skill level,
  11    I,     2.  3        |            Within the EU, a significant population movement is occurring from
  12    I,     2.  4        |            Distributive Consequences of Population Ageing in Six European Countries”.
  13    I,     2.  4        |               are the steps to increase population coverage, address financial
  14    I,     2.  4        |             improving the health of the population and reducing the existing
  15    I,     2.  5        |                 the male section of the population, while trends for women
  16    I,     2.  5        |            Distributive Consequences of Population Ageing in Six European Countries”.
  17    I,     2.  5        |           ensure that the whole working population will accumulate sufficient
  18    I,     2.  6        |           States both in terms of total population having completed at least
  19    I,     2.  6        |                2.4).~ ~Table 2.3. Total population percentage having completed
  20    I,     2.  6        |                 percentage of the adult population (25-64 years old) that has
  21    I,     2.  6        |              measuring the share of the population that is likely to have the
  22    I,     2.  6        |               as a share of working-age population, the average EU student
  23    I,     2.  7        |             more than half of the human population, an estimated number of
  24    I,     2.  7        |               about 20% of the European population is living in rural settlements.
  25    I,     2.  7        |             status and mortality of the population, such as the provision of
  26    I,     2.  7        |              1950, just 83 cities had a population of more than one million;
  27    I,     2.  7        |              will further increase to a population of 23 million, occupying
  28    I,     2.  7        |      significant portion of the overall population.~ ~
  29    I,     2.  8        |                production~ ~Due to both population growth and economic growth,
  30    I,     2.  8        |               The exposure of the local population is very much dependent on
  31    I,     2.  8        |                 pollution dispersal and population vulnerability. Such factors
  32    I,     2. 10.  1    |      opportunities for the promotion of population health which will lead to
  33    I,     2. 10.  1    |              health literacy of the lay population.~ ~A comprehensive healthcare
  34    I,     2. 11        |      uncertainty. htt tm~United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) (2007): State
  35    I,     2. 11        |               2007): State of the world population 2007. Available at: htt ~ ~
  36    I,     3.Acr        |                2004 2004-based European Population Projections, EUROSTAT data~
  37    I,     3.  2        |                                    3.2. Population growth and migration~ ~During
  38    I,     3.  2        |           During the last 50 years, the population of the EU with 27 Member
  39    I,     3.  2        |           million. In the past, natural population growth (i.e. the number
  40    I,     3.  2        |               major source of the total population increase in EU Member States,
  41    I,     3.  2        |               the main driving force of population growth in the EU.~ ~ ~In
  42    I,     3.  2        |                 per cent of the world’s population was living in the area of
  43    I,     3.  2        |             fact that the overall world population growth was substantially
  44    I,     3.  2        |           substantially larger than the population growth in EU27. In the foreseeable
  45    I,     3.  2        |             recent projections of world population growth indicate a declining
  46    I,     3.  2        |             declining share of the EU27 population to 6% in 2025 and 5% in
  47    I,     3.  2        |           During the last 50 years, the population of the European Union with
  48    I,     3.  2        |              from 400 to 490 million.~ ~Population growth within the EU has
  49    I,     3.  2        |             1960 to 2006 the overall EU population increased by about 22%.
  50    I,     3.  2        |                 about 22%. Increases in population size were even larger in
  51    I,     3.  2        |               only Bulgaria had a lower population size than in 1960.~ ~Although,
  52    I,     3.  2        |                period the entire yearly population always increased, several
  53    I,     3.  2        |               several Member States saw population declines. For example in
  54    I,     3.  2        |            Member States have witnessed population increases again. Several
  55    I,     3.  2        |          Republic have seen declines in population size in specific years since
  56    I,     3.  2        |              Compared to 2000, the 2006 population sizes were smaller in Bulgaria,
  57    I,     3.  2        |             Slovenia) have had positive population growth in the last few years.
  58    I,     3.  2        |                this period, the largest population growth was in Ireland (+
  59    I,     3.  2        |           Bulgaria (-5%).~ ~Figure 3.2. Population size per Member State in
  60    I,     3.  2        |               the enormous variation in population growth in the various Member
  61    I,     3.  2        |               the EUROPOP 2004 baseline population projections, in 2050 the
  62    I,     3.  2        |                projections, in 2050 the population size will be 25% larger
  63    I,     3.  2        |                Malta. Sweden will see a population growth between 10 and 15%,
  64    I,     3.  2        |               and a more than 20% lower population size is expected in Bulgaria
  65    I,     3.  2        |               witness a 15% decrease in population between now and 2050, while
  66    I,     3.  2        |               almost remain constant in population size. In sum, EU27 will
  67    I,     3.  2        |                    In the past, natural population growth (the number of births
  68    I,     3.  2        |               major source of the total population, whereas more recently the
  69    I,     3.  2        |         migration as the most important population growth factor. Immigration
  70    I,     3.  2        |               the main driving force of population growth in the EU and this
  71    I,     3.  2        |        Netherlands the rates of natural population increase are still larger
  72    I,     3.  2        |                 these Member States the population projections show diminishing
  73    I,     3.  2        |                 and ultimately negative population growth. The situation in
  74    I,     3.  2        |               migration rate (per 1,000 population), 2005~ ~The recent enlargement
  75    I,     3.  2        |                will reduce the total EU population growth as several of the
  76    I,     3.  2        |             States have low or negative population growth. The Slovak Republic
  77    I,     3.  2        |              still has positive natural population growth although small, while
  78    I,     3.  2        |               of this. In Slovenia, the population is still growing due to
  79    I,     3.  2        |                 net natural decrease in population, growth is currently due
  80    I,     3.  2        |              migrants. For the European population at large, the relevant net
  81    I,     3.  2        |         accounts for 70% of the overall population growth. In the European
  82    I,     3.  2        |               immigrants (9% of all the population), but also France (11%),
  83    I,     3.  2        |       immigrants, i.e. over 7% of their population. Luxembourg has a smaller
  84    I,     3.  2        |              but its share of the total population is large (i.e. 37%). According
  85    I,     3.  2        |             down the average age of the population. However, the longer-term
  86    I,     3.  2        |            distribution of the European population.~ ~
  87    I,     3.  3        |                                    3.3. Population ageing~ ~The slowing down
  88    I,     3.  3        |            ageing~ ~The slowing down of population growth in the E.U. leads
  89    I,     3.  3        |               in the age structure of a population, generally referred to the
  90    I,     3.  3        |               generally referred to the population ageing. Population ageing
  91    I,     3.  3        |               to the population ageing. Population ageing is caused by declining
  92    I,     3.  3        |               of births and deaths in a population result from the relative
  93    I,     3.  3        |                age-specific bars in the population pyramid. In turn, changes
  94    I,     3.  3        |             effects on the shape of the population pyramid. Such changes may
  95    I,     3.  3        |           European countries are facing population ageing albeit in various
  96    I,     3.  3        |                  In many countries, the population has already been ageing
  97    I,     3.  3        |              ageing as long as reliable population statistics are available,
  98    I,     3.  3        |              only has a small effect on population ageing if any effect at
  99    I,     3.  3        |            Member States may face some ‘population juvenation’ as soon as the
 100    I,     3.  3        |                age-sex structure of the population, the fertility, mortality
 101    I,     3.  3        |                4 and Figure 3.5). Since population pyramids depict persons
 102    I,     3.  3        |               100 years. In addition to population dynamics, also changing
 103    I,     3.  3        |             shows the percentage of the population aged 0-14, 15-64 and 65+.
 104    I,     3.  3        |                 potential labour market population will be, in the years to
 105    I,     3.  3        |               Figure 3.6. Share of EU27 population aged 0-14 and 65 or more
 106    I,     3.  3        |                entering the working age population, old-age-dependency rose
 107    I,     3.  3        |                 the most rapidly ageing population over the whole period of
 108    I,     3.  3        |                 the most rapidly ageing population during the last observation
 109    I,     3.  4        |                 the History of Couples. Population: An English Selection, Vol.
 110   II,     4.Acr        |                2004~2004-based European Population Projections, EUROSTAT data~
 111   II,     4.  1        |                 and MS death counts and population estimates from the EUROSTAT
 112   II,     4.  1        |                 All data (death counts, population estimates and activity limitation),
 113   II,     4.  1        |         algorithm with death counts and population estimates from the EUROSTAT
 114   II,     4.  1        |                of the institutionalized population (which will adversely affect
 115   II,     4.  1        |               healthcare as a result of population ageing. This could be achieved
 116   II,     4.  1        |           potential burden of an ageing population. Health means wealth and
 117   II,     4.  1        |         sustainable summary measures of population health to meet the EU political
 118   II,     4.  1        |                  and covering the whole population (rather than excluding those
 119   II,     4.  3        |               trends in four countries. Population and Development Review 16(
 120   II,     4.  3        |                 for a general theory on population aging. Journal of Gerontology
 121   II,     4.  3        |               et al. (2006): Monitoring population disability: evaluation of
 122   II,     5.  1.  1    |                as the most important at population level selected from WHO
 123   II,     5.  1.  1    |           determinants. In the analysed population, aged 46 to 77, odds ratio
 124   II,     5.  1.  1    |              the main drivers of CKD at population level. Patients with neoplasias
 125   II,     5.  2.  1    |                 a growth in the elderly population, which will lead to an increase
 126   II,     5.  2.  2    |             using the EUROSTAT European population as standard. The age range
 127   II,     5.  2.  2    |          interesting to note that Malta population has similar characteristics
 128   II,     5.  2.  2    |         Mediterranean countries and the population has similar characteristics
 129   II,     5.  2.  2    |                as the most important at population level were selected: hypertension,
 130   II,     5.  2.  3    |     Age-standardized (standard European population) mortality rates per 100.
 131   II,     5.  2.  3    |               Crude rates per 1 million population of revascularization procedures –
 132   II,     5.  2.  3    |              periodically. The existing population based registers in Europe
 133   II,     5.  2.  3    |                 5.2.4. WHO-MONICA 13 EU population. Mean annual coronary events
 134   II,     5.  2.  3    |     Age-standardized (standard European Population) cerebrovascular mortality
 135   II,     5.  2.  3    |     Age-standardized (standard European population) mortality rates per 100.
 136   II,     5.  2.  3    |     Age-standardized (standard European population) mortality rates per 100.
 137   II,     5.  2.  3    |                 WHO-MONICA Project 6 EU population. Age-standardized average
 138   II,     5.  2.  5    |               1982) three strategies: a population strategy, a high risk strategy
 139   II,     5.  2.  5    |             their life. Therefore, the ‘population strategy’ and ‘individual
 140   II,     5.  2.  5    |            importance of acting both at population and individual level, notably
 141   II,     5.  2.  5    |                 of life in the European population by reducing the impact of
 142   II,     5.  2.  6    |             target only 20-30% of adult population.~Epidemiological data show
 143   II,     5.  2.  6    |                addressed to the overall population. The WHO European Action
 144   II,     5.  2.  6    |              140/90 mmHg in the general population, and <130/80, if feasible,
 145   II,     5.  2.  7    |                  findings on 12 Italian population samples. Am J Epid 163(10):
 146   II,     5.  2.  7    |            Project (2002): Do trends in population levels of blood pressure
 147   II,     5.  2.  7    |            Cardiological Treatments and Population Risk Factor Changes in England
 148   II,     5.  3.  1    |               of cancer in a particular population are:~ ~- Incidence: the
 149   II,     5.  3.  1    |               which cancer appears in a population or area over a given timeframe.
 150   II,     5.  3.  1    |              cancers in a year over the population at risk. It is usually expressed
 151   II,     5.  3.  1    |                cancer cases per 100,000 population at risk;~ ~- Mortality:
 152   II,     5.  3.  1    |                death in a year over the population at risk. It is usually expressed
 153   II,     5.  3.  1    |           deaths for cancer per 100,000 population at risk;~ ~- Relative survival:
 154   II,     5.  3.  1    |                total cancer burden in a population and is a useful indicator
 155   II,     5.  3.  1    |               of subjects living in the population at a given date with a past
 156   II,     5.  3.  2    |             occurring in a well-defined population, with the goal of improving
 157   II,     5.  3.  2    |               up to 30% of the national population. However in Europe some
 158   II,     5.  3.  2    |     certificates). Data refer to entire population covered by the CR and are
 159   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 single institution. The population level cancer patient data
 160   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 a proportion of general population incidence, number of interval
 161   II,     5.  3.  2    |                subjects and the general population.~ ~· Evaluating the impact
 162   II,     5.  3.  2    |             providers of cancer data at population level;~· cancer registries
 163   II,     5.  3.  3    |                 The basic mortality and population information were downloaded
 164   II,     5.  3.  7    |                invitation of the target population (especially lower socio-economic
 165   II,     5.  3.  7    |        demonstrate the effectiveness at population level. Organised screening
 166   II,     5.  3.  7    |                cancers also in the male population. Reductions in mortality
 167   II,     5.  3.  7    |                cancer burden of a given population is influenced by interventions
 168   II,     5.  4.  1    |                majority of the diabetic population:~ ~·Type 1 diabetes mellitus (
 169   II,     5.  4.  1    |               about 10% of the diabetic population is affected by the disease,
 170   II,     5.  4.  1    |             occur mainly in the elderly population over the age of 40. Because
 171   II,     5.  4.  1    |               80% of the total diabetic population resides in developing countries.
 172   II,     5.  4.  1    |                where 9.2 % of the adult population are affected, and North
 173   II,     5.  4.  2    |           factors, quality of care, and population outcomes.~In the year 1989,
 174   II,     5.  4.  2    |                the presence of a target population that is so large and diverse.
 175   II,     5.  4.  2    |              T1DM/T2DM within a defined population enters a master index including
 176   II,     5.  4.  2    |              denominators are well set (population from a precise catchment
 177   II,     5.  4.  2    |          results obtained on a selected population, but their results are limited
 178   II,     5.  4.  2    |              and coverage of the target population. In all cases, they do not
 179   II,     5.  4.  2    |                patients and the general population. This must be extracted
 180   II,     5.  4.  2    |               is representative for the population in a given geographical
 181   II,     5.  4.  2    |           diabetes~ ~ ~% of the general population with a BMI 30 kg/m2~14~ ~
 182   II,     5.  4.  2    |                 diabetes by age/100,000 population 014 years~12~HES/HIS Registry~
 183   II,     5.  4.  2    |               of diabetes mellitus/1000 population ~15~HIS/HES/SPSN/RS Registries~
 184   II,     5.  4.  2    |              diabetes/1,000,000 general population~11~HIS/HES/SPSN/RS Registries~
 185   II,     5.  4.  2    |             diabetes /1,000,000 general population~11~HIS/HES/SPSN/RS Registries~
 186   II,     5.  4.  2    |                mellitus/100,000 general population~12~National Registry~Annual
 187   II,     5.  4.  2    |               death rate in the general population from all causes /100,000
 188   II,     5.  4.  2    |                 causes /100,000 general population, adjusted for European Standard
 189   II,     5.  4.  2    |          adjusted for European Standard Population~12~National Registry~Acronyms:~
 190   II,     5.  4.  2    |                 diabetes present in the population per 1000 individuals in
 191   II,     5.  4.  2    |                1000 individuals in that population using the definition of
 192   II,     5.  4.  2    |             individuals in the diabetic population in one year.~Prevalence (
 193   II,     5.  4.  2    |    transplantation per 100.000 diabetic population is defined as the number
 194   II,     5.  4.  2    |             individuals in the diabetic population.~Mortality is the most fundamental
 195   II,     5.  4.  2    |                mellitus/100,000 general population. Despite the simplicity
 196   II,     5.  4.  2    |               patients /100,000 general population~9~Annual incidence of stroke
 197   II,     5.  4.  2    |               patients /100,000 general population~10~Annual incidence of myocardial
 198   II,     5.  4.  2    |                patients/100,000 general population~10~ ~Definitions:~In terms
 199   II,     5.  4.  2    |               the percentage of general population with impaired fasting glucose,
 200   II,     5.  4.  2    |        percentage of the total diabetic population that had their HbA1c measured
 201   II,     5.  4.  2    |            percentage of total diabetic population with HbA1c tested and a
 202   II,     5.  4.  2    |              for lipids in the diabetic population. It is measured as the percentage
 203   II,     5.  4.  2    |            percentage of total diabetic population that had their total cholesterol
 204   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population with their total cholesterol
 205   II,     5.  4.  2    |              percentage of the diabetic population that had their LDL-cholesterol
 206   II,     5.  4.  2    |              percentage of the diabetic population with LDL-cholesterol tested
 207   II,     5.  4.  2    |              percentage of the diabetic population that had their LDL-cholesterol
 208   II,     5.  4.  2    |              percentage of the diabetic population with their HDL-cholesterol
 209   II,     5.  4.  2    |              for lipids in the diabetic population. It is measured as the percentage
 210   II,     5.  4.  2    |            percentage of total diabetic population that had their total triglycerides
 211   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population with their total cholesterol
 212   II,     5.  4.  2    |            percentage of total diabetic population that had microalbuminuria
 213   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population with microalbuminuria/proteinuria
 214   II,     5.  4.  2    |                 smokers in the diabetic population.~Levels of BMI among diabetics
 215   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population that had their BMI measured
 216   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population that had their eye fundus
 217   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population that had their eye fundus
 218   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population that had their eye fundus
 219   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population that had their serum creatinine
 220   II,     5.  4.  2    |              the percentage of diabetic population with creatinine tested in
 221   II,     5.  4.  2    |             individuals in the diabetic population in one year. Amputations
 222   II,     5.  4.  2    |             individuals in the diabetic population in one year.~The annual
 223   II,     5.  4.  2    |             individuals in the diabetic population in one year.~ ~
 224   II,     5.  4.  3    |               adult (20-79 years) EU-27 population was diagnosed with diabetes (
 225   II,     5.  4.  3    |    transplantation per 100.000 diabetic population. Across 11 countries, the
 226   II,     5.  4.  3    |                  to 68% (Cyprus) of the population, with a median value of
 227   II,     5.  4.  3    |                to 51% (Scotland) of the population, with a median value of
 228   II,     5.  4.  3    |              band effect: the older the population, the higher the percentage.~
 229   II,     5.  4.  3    |              the percentage of diabetic population that had their eye fundus
 230   II,     5.  4.  4    |                About 50% of the general population in most countries are now
 231   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 seriously by the entire population. Information campaigns are
 232   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 diabetes as well as the population as a whole;~· Development
 233   II,     5.  4.  6    |                programmes for the whole population and high-risk groups and
 234   II,     5.  4.  7    |               treatment, management);~· population (area level); and~· risk-adjusted
 235   II,     5.  5.Int    |    Approximately 20-30% of the epilepsy population have more than one seizure
 236   II,     5.  5.Int    |                illnesses in the general population. Treatment with medications
 237   II,     5.  5.Int    |                the Mental Health of the Population' which marked the beginning
 238   II,     5.  5.  1    |              not reflect the reality of population mental health. These statistics
 239   II,     5.  5.  1    |          disorders as total per 100 000 population for newly diagnosed mental
 240   II,     5.  5.  1    |       self-inflicted injury per 100 000 population. Age standardisation delivers
 241   II,     5.  5.  1    |             rate would have been if the population had the same age distribution
 242   II,     5.  5.  1    |               the European standardised population. The HfA data is derived
 243   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    5.5.1.2.2. Data from population surveys~ ~ ~ ESEMeD~ ~The
 244   II,     5.  5.  1    |          psychotic disorders.~ ~· Other population surveys~ ~Mood and anxiety
 245   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 2001-3. It represents a population of more than 212 million
 246   II,     5.  5.  1    |             reference to 25-64 year old population, by country of residence.~ ~
 247   II,     5.  5.  1    |             self-harm per 100 000 whole population (standardized death rate)
 248   II,     5.  5.  1    |               from statistical data and population surveys, and consisted of
 249   II,     5.  5.  1    |                conducted in the general population using a sound methodology
 250   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 disorder in the general population: results from the US National
 251   II,     5.  5.  1    |              quality of life: a general population survey in Finland using
 252   II,     5.  5.  2    |              based on these studies and population statistics obtained from
 253   II,     5.  5.  2    |                   EUROSTAT statistics~ ~Population statistics were extracted
 254   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 Estonia were from 2004. Population statistics were obtained
 255   II,     5.  5.  2    |           together in order to have the population aged between 30 and 59.
 256   II,     5.  5.  2    |               30 and 59. In some cases, population statistics were not available
 257   II,     5.  5.  2    |                prevalence rates and the population statistics from EUROSTAT,
 258   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 25 percent of the total population of the 27 member states.~ ~
 259   II,     5.  5.  2    |         dementia as a percentage of the population has increased from 1960
 260   II,     5.  5.  2    |               the general ageing of the population.~ ~Figure 5.5.2.1. The number
 261   II,     5.  5.  2    |             Finland as a % of the total population~ ~As can be seen from the
 262   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 percentage of the total population, the increase was from 0.
 263   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 prevalence rates and UN population estimates and projections.
 264   II,     5.  5.  2    |               percentage of the overall population has been gradually increasing
 265   II,     5.  5.  2    |               implications of an ageing population and the increase in numbers
 266   II,     5.  5.  2    |                     Lastly, as Europe’s population continues to age and governments
 267   II,     5.  5.  3    |               but forbid conclusions on population level. Several population
 268   II,     5.  5.  3    |               population level. Several population groups can be used as sample
 269   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Risk factors and vulnerable population groups~ ~Eating disorders
 270   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Eating disorders are rare in population and affect particularly
 271   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Longitudinal studies and population statistics give well-grounded
 272   II,     5.  5.  3    |               occurs in about 1% of the population, independent of gender (
 273   II,     5.  5.  3    |             2001a). With regards to the population of the EU27 countries (495
 274   II,     5.  5.  3    |           epidemiology studies, and the population size aged > 15 , the regional
 275   II,     5.  5.  3    |              the life span of 1% of the population.~ ~In most studies incidence
 276   II,     5.  5.  3    |           between 16 and 42 per 100 000 population experience a new onset of
 277   II,     5.  5.  3    |             polydipsia than the general population (Leucht et al, 2007).~Available
 278   II,     5.  5.  3    |                to 23% in the general population. In the family history of
 279   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 rates in these surveys, population size, and prevalence rates
 280   II,     5.  5.  3    |               and routine care (patient population, artificial circumstances,
 281   II,     5.  5.  3    |           treatments, because the study population is usually not representative
 282   II,     5.  5.  3    |               prescriptions per head of population; Germany displaying the
 283   II,     5.  5.  3    |              from 0.1 to 96 per 100 000 population (WHO, 2005c). This is also
 284   II,     5.  5.  3    |                the mental health of the population: Towards a strategy on mental
 285   II,     5.  5.  3    |               compared with the general population, as far as we are aware
 286   II,     5.  5.  3    |               be associated in only one population will both be included in
 287   II,     5.  5.  3    |               longevity of the European population. Epilepsy is linked to educational
 288   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 of the general epilepsy population. Thus, multiple sources
 289   II,     5.  5.  3    |                from the entire national population have been made available
 290   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 by the structure of the population at risk, the prevalence
 291   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 et al., 2005~ ~Country ~Population ~Design~No. of cases ~Prevalence
 292   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 from 1 to 8 per 100,000 population per year, but international
 293   II,     5.  5.  3    |         mortality risk than the general population. Patients with a CNS lesion
 294   II,     5.  5.  3    |                than that of the general population. The highest mortality in
 295   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 expected in the general population, which is lower in children,
 296   II,     5.  5.  3    |                suicide than the general population. However, the PMRs range
 297   II,     5.  5.  3    |            epilepsy than in the general population (Smeets et al, 2007). However,
 298   II,     5.  5.  3    |               substrate of the European population and the consistency of the
 299   II,     5.  5.  3    |                al (1995): Epilepsy in a population of 6000 reexamined: secular
 300   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 epilepsy in the general population. Epilepsia 45:1613-1622.~
 301   II,     5.  5.  3    |    observational study in an unselected population based cohort with newly
 302   II,     5.  5.  3    |          literature or from local small population surveys were also used when
 303   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 using the 1966 European population, and age-standardised rates
 304   II,     5.  5.  3    |              that in the city’s general population. In Hordaland County prevalence
 305   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 a genetically resistant population, the prevalence increased
 306   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 well-defined and stable population. The threefold increase
 307   II,     5.  5.  3    |               explained by the changing population age structure, generally
 308   II,     5.  5.  3    |              their interaction with the population specific genetic susceptibility
 309   II,     5.  5.  3    |              have been reported for the population aged 3549 for all Countries
 310   II,     5.  5.  3    |            prevalence was higher in the population aged 5064.~The total annual
 311   II,     5.  5.  3    |             expectancy than the general population. Mean survival time after
 312   II,     5.  5.  3    |                the European (and World) population a weak correlation was found.
 313   II,     5.  5.  3    |              correlation was found. The population age structure is therefore
 314   II,     5.  5.  3    |              and gender matched general population). The economic burden of
 315   II,     5.  5.  3    |       climate-related, are operative at population level, among which vitamin
 316   II,     5.  5.  3    |            appearance in an indigeneous population. J Neurol 247;129-133.~Haffenden
 317   II,     5.  5.  3    |             rates for PD in the general population are approximately 120 to
 318   II,     5.  5.  3    |             differences in methodology, population samples, survey design,
 319   II,     5.  5.  3    |                which 10.2% of the study population was confined to bed or a
 320   II,     5.  5.  3    |            compared to the non-diseased population (Hoehn and Yahr 1967). Newer
 321   II,     5.  5.  3    |                by a continuously ageing population, and b) will be increasingly
 322   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 to 81.5% of the healthy population. Premature retirement depended
 323   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 9 years for the healthy population. Although treatment options
 324   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 increase of the elderly population in developed countries,
 325   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Rooney C, Burn D (2005): Population based mortality and quality
 326   II,     5.  6.  1    |     dramatically with the ageing of the population as many of these conditions
 327   II,     5.  6.  3    |                for a Caucasian European population derived from studies in
 328   II,     5.  6.  3    |             over one-fifth (22%) of the population currently has, or has experienced
 329   II,     5.  6.  3    |                as well as for the whole population and the elderly (Picavet
 330   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 to be 4-5% of the adult population (Reynolds et al, 1992).
 331   II,     5.  6.  3    |               adults from the Office of Population Census and Surveys, found
 332   II,     5.  6.  3    |            Statistics, 1989).~ ~A large population study, The Calderdale study (
 333   II,     5.  6.  3    |             found that 24% of the whole population reported some joint problems.
 334   II,     5.  6.  3    |                approximately 10% of the population 60 years old or older have
 335   II,     5.  6.  3    |          Determinants, risk factors and population at risk~ ~Age is the strongest
 336   II,     5.  6.  3    |                of persistent disease in population studies in 75% of people
 337   II,     5.  6.  3    |      Determinants, risk factors and the population at risk~ ~RA tends to run
 338   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 the severity of RA in a population study using 1987 ARA criteria
 339   II,     5.  6.  3    |           frailty in the elderly female population of Western countries throughout
 340   II,     5.  6.  3    |      Determinants, risk factors and the population at risk~ ~Apart from age
 341   II,     5.  6.  3    |                due to the ageing of the population and changes in risk factors (
 342   II,     5.  6.  3    |            within 1 year in the working population and lifetime recurrences
 343   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 frequent in the working population and higher between 25 and
 344   II,     5.  6.  3    |                definitions used and the population studied. Non-comparability
 345   II,     5.  6.  3    |               prevalence (proportion of population studied that are suffering
 346   II,     5.  6.  3    |      Determinants, risk factors and the population at risk~ ~The occurrence
 347   II,     5.  6.  3    |             frequency among the working population (European guidelines for
 348   II,     5.  6.  4    |                and due to the ageing of population requiring more arthroplasties
 349   II,     5.  6.  4    |                 the economically active population can be estimated based upon
 350   II,     5.  6.  4    |            older age. The ageing of the population in Europe will result in
 351   II,     5.  6.  5    |       strategies are aimed at the whole population to prevent these conditions
 352   II,     5.  6.  6    |          geographically defined general population: studies of differences
 353   II,     5.  6.  6    |        rheumatic disorders in a British population: estimates of severity and
 354   II,     5.  6.  6    |               associations in a Swedish population study. J Rheumatol 28:1369-
 355   II,     5.  6.  6    |                 rheumatoid arthritis: a population survey. J Rheumatol 24:1703-
 356   II,     5.  6.  6    |          Greenwood R, Frankel S (2003): Population Requirement for Primary
 357   II,     5.  6.  6    |                osteoarthritis in a male population. Arthritis Rheum 33:1323-
 358   II,     5.  6.  6    |                degeneration in an urban population. Annals of 1958 17:388-397~
 359   II,     5.  6.  6    |                fractures in the general population. J Bone Miner Res 18:1139-
 360   II,     5.  6.  6    |                 disability in the Dutch population. Am J Public Health 87:1680-
 361   II,     5.  6.  6    |      osteoarthritis (OA) in the general population using idfferent clinical
 362   II,     5.  6.  6    |               osteoarthritis in a Dutch population with that in 10 other populations.
 363   II,     5.  6.  6    |              impact and a comparison of population and medical perceptions
 364   II,     5.  7.Acr    |              Million of the Age-Related Population~PMP~Per Million of the Population~
 365   II,     5.  7.Acr    |       Population~PMP~Per Million of the Population~QOF~Quality and Outcomes
 366   II,     5.  7.  1    |              that of the coeval general population, whilst patients with ESRD
 367   II,     5.  7.  1    |            value of these biomarkers at population level.~ ~Figure 5.7.1. Development
 368   II,     5.  7.  1    |          authorities and ignored by the population. In a context where costs
 369   II,     5.  7.  1    |              i.e. 0.083% of the general population (Pontoriero et al, 2007).
 370   II,     5.  7.  2    |                segment of the catchment population with the aim of answering
 371   II,     5.  7.  3    |              million of the age-related population (pmarp) (Ardissino et al.,
 372   II,     5.  7.  3    |            other countries are based on population samples representative of
 373   II,     5.  7.  3    |           representative of the general population of those countries.~ ~There
 374   II,     5.  7.  3    |             Ireland, England, Italy) or population surveys. Data from medical
 375   II,     5.  7.  3    |               England and Italy than in population based studies in Belgium,
 376   II,     5.  7.  3    |              per million of age related population (Table 5.7.7).~ ~Adults~ ~
 377   II,     5.  7.  3    |                807 patients per million population (pmp). This was due to a
 378   II,     5.  7.  3    |             Ireland, England, Italy) or population surveys. Data from medical
 379   II,     5.  7.  3    |               England and Italy than in population based studies in Belgium,
 380   II,     5.  7.  4    |              the main drivers of CKD at population level. Patients with neoplasias
 381   II,     5.  7.  4    |             distribution in the general population, by the prevalence of underlying
 382   II,     5.  7.  4    |                mortality in the general population) (Jager and van Dijk, 2007).
 383   II,     5.  7.  5    |           whether screening the general population for CKD is cost-effective (
 384   II,     5.  7.  5    |        activities to inform the general population on the epidemiological problem
 385   II,     5.  7.  5    |               care should be related to population needs, assessed at regional
 386   II,     5.  7.  6    |            curbing ESRD in the American population. Indicators on these goals
 387   II,     5.  7.  7    |            glomerular filtration in the population: prevalence, associated
 388   II,     5.  7.  7    |         microalbuminuria in the general population. Kidney Int Suppl 2005 Apr;(
 389   II,     5.  7.  7    |           kidney disease in the general population: follow-up of cross sectional
 390   II,     5.  7.  7    |              2002) Maintenance dialysis population dynamics: current trends
 391   II,     5.  7.  7    |              and women from the general population. Eur Heart J 2006 May;27(
 392   II,     5.  7.  7    |                 disease in the Galician population: results of the pilot Spanish
 393   II,     5.  7.  7    |                enrollees in a large HMO population. J Am Soc Nephrol 2004 May;
 394   II,     5.  8.  1    |              the health of the European population. COPD is a treatable disease,
 395   II,     5.  8.  2    |           partly coexist in the general population. This was confirmed in the
 396   II,     5.  8.  3    |               an age-stratified general population sample of middle-aged and
 397   II,     5.  8.  3    |             year follow-up of a general population sample in Bergen (Norway).~ ~
 398   II,     5.  8.  3    |               For example, in a general population sample of 25-73 year old
 399   II,     5.  8.  3    |             COPD in the general Spanish population aged between 40 and 69 years
 400   II,     5.  8.  3    |              out with data of the Dutch population, the prevalence of COPD
 401   II,     5.  8.  3    |          Prevalence (per 1 000 in Dutch population) reported for the Netherlands
 402   II,     5.  8.  3    |              fact that, in general, the population lives longer.~ ~Despite
 403   II,     5.  8.  3    |                  in a large out-patient population of patients with COPD (389
 404   II,     5.  8.  3    |           another study, a small Danish population of patients affected by
 405   II,     5.  8.  3    |            HRQoL) as shown in a Spanish population of about 10 700 COPD patients,
 406   II,     5.  8.  3    |              lost work days per 100 000 population are due to this disease;
 407   II,     5.  8.  4    |           determinants. In the analysed population, aged 46 to 77, odds ratio
 408   II,     5.  8.  4    |                 of community or general population studies carried out in the
 409   II,     5.  8.  4    |               as a result of the global population ageing, COPD is one of several
 410   II,     5.  8.  5    |                 on the screening of the population at risk, with the aim of
 411   II,     5.  8.  5    |          detection of COPD in high risk population by means of spirometric
 412   II,     5.  8.  5    |             spirometry screening of the population at high risk of COPD, i.e.
 413   II,     5.  8.  6    |               end-of-life care for this population will be contingent upon
 414   II,     5.  8.  7    |               with COPD in Denmark -- a population study of COPD patients compared
 415   II,     5.  8.  7    |              disease in a general adult population. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2005;
 416   II,     5.  8.  7    |               an age-stratified general population sample. Chest 2006; 129:
 417   II,     5.  8.  7    |                 up study of the general population. Thorax 2006; 61: 935-939.~ ~L J (
 418   II,     5.  8.  7    |                  systematic analysis of population health data. Lancet 2006;
 419   II,     5.  8.  7    |         knowledge of COPD among general population. Respir Med 2006; 100: 1973-
 420   II,     5.  8.  7    |               lung disease in a general population sample: the NICECOPD study.
 421   II,     5.  8.  7    |      Niederlander E. Health (2006): In “Population and social conditions”,
 422   II,     5.  8.  7    |            health-care utilization in a population of veterans with a self-reported
 423   II,     5.  8.  7    |        depletion in a large out-patient population of patients with COPD. Respir
 424   II,     5.  8.  7    |                obstruction in a general population. ERS vs ATS definition.
 425   II,     5.  8.  7    |          disease in the Italian general population. Chest 2004; 126; 1093-1101.~ ~V . (
 426   II,     5.  9. FB    |               prevention are aimed at a population that is still healthy although
 427   II,     5.  9. FB    |                 applicable to the whole population, present no risk and have
 428   II,     5.  9. FB    |               programmes on the general population. A better implementation
 429   II,     5.  9.  1    |      approximately 411% of the general population while AR is estimated to
 430   II,     5.  9.  3    |                cases of the young adult population (20-44 years of age) (de
 431   II,     5.  9.  3    |                2002) identified a total population prevalence of current asthma
 432   II,     5.  9.  3    |               Bulgaria (9% in the total population), Latvia (8.2%), Czech Rep.(
 433   II,     5.  9.  3    |            Czech Rep.(8% of the general population: 11.2% in children of 6-
 434   II,     5.  9.  3    |           asthma primary care serving a population of 330000 people suggest
 435   II,     5.  9.  4    |                 given to the paediatric population.~ ~Numerous surveys on school-age
 436   II,     5.  9.  7    |                 rhinitis in the Italian population evaluated through the national
 437   II,     5. 10.  1    |               18% of the European adult population report having experienced
 438   II,     5. 10.  2    |              common than in the general population. Notably, little information
 439   II,     5. 10.  4    |              intolerance among specific population subgroups in different EU
 440   II,     5. 10.  7    |               1973 to 1994 in a Finnish population and a possible relationship
 441   II,     5. 11.  1    |                 to one-third of all the population. With the exception of melanoma
 442   II,     5. 11.  1    |                 533.0% of the European population (Rea et al, 1976; Johnson,
 443   II,     5. 11.  1    |                morbidity in the general population, research on such pathologies
 444   II,     5. 11.  3    |            source of morbidity. For the population as a whole, morbidity results
 445   II,     5. 11.  3    |                diseases~ ~DISEASE~STUDY POPULATION~PREVALENCE~AUTHORS~Atopic
 446   II,     5. 11.  3    |                 Koenig et al, 1999). In population studies from Scandinavian
 447   II,     5. 11.  3    |    sensitization in a Danish schoolgirl population with ears pierced after
 448   II,     5. 11.  3    |               to 2002 in a multi-centre population in North America (NACDG),
 449   II,     5. 11.  3    |         suggested that around 1% of the population had clinically significant
 450   II,     5. 11.  3    |             found to affect 2.8% of the population, mainly adults. Asteatotic
 451   II,     5. 11.  3    |               dermatitis in the general population are scarce, whereas a number
 452   II,     5. 11.  3    |                A study of an unselected population of Danish adults found that
 453   II,     5. 11.  3    |                in European fair skinned population (per 100 000).~ ~ ~There
 454   II,     5. 11.  3    |             steeply in the fair skinned population over the last 30 years (
 455   II,     5. 11.  7    |       validation of a questionnaire for population surveys. Br J Dermatol 2003;
 456   II,     5. 11.  7    |               in the very elderly Dutch population. Cancer 2000;89:1121–1133.~ ~
 457   II,     5. 11.  7    |              atopic eczema in a general population. J Am Acad Dermatol 1994;
 458   II,     5. 11.  7    |                 in an unselected Danish Population. Acta Der Venereo 1992;72:
 459   II,     5. 12.  2    |      Age-standardized rates per 100,000 population, at all ages and truncated
 460   II,     5. 12.  2    |             based on the world standard population (Doll and Smith, 1982).
 461   II,     5. 12.  3    |               12.1. Age-adjusted (world population) mortality rates from cirrhosis
 462   II,     5. 12.  3    |               12.2. Age-adjusted (world population) mortality rates from cirrhosis
 463   II,     5. 12.  5    |             which can be recommended at population level to avoid cirrhosis.~
 464   II,     5. 12.  6    |               in cirrhosis mortality at population level. Sudden variations
 465   II,     5. 13        |                 occurring in very large population groups throughout Europe,
 466   II,     5. 13        |       sufficient quantities by specific population groups; this originates
 467   II,     5. 14.  1    |                the service needs of the population and ensure that personnel
 468   II,     5. 14.  2    |                 scientific reports from population studies on oral health carried
 469   II,     5. 14.  2    |                oral health of the adult population is based on integrated chronic
 470   II,     5. 14.  2    |             Twelve Months~Proportion of population aged 2 and over who visited
 471   II,     5. 14.  2    |                Assessment~Proportion of population in the age group 12, 15,
 472   II,     5. 14.  2    |          Prevalence~Proportion of adult population aged more than 35 years
 473   II,     5. 14.  2    |           number and rates (per 100,000 population) of active dentists, dental
 474   II,     5. 14.  2    |          clinical providers per 100,000 population.~Denominator: Mid-year population.~ ~
 475   II,     5. 14.  2    |       population.~Denominator: Mid-year population.~ ~Methods~The international
 476   II,     5. 14.  2    |              and quality of life of the population. The prevalence of moderate
 477   II,     5. 14.  2    |          attachment loss in the general population remains unclear in many
 478   II,     5. 14.  2    |            representative sample of the population of the country. In addition,
 479   II,     5. 14.  3    |               in their own homes. Other population groups at high risk for
 480   II,     5. 14.  3    |        particularly true with the older population groups. It can also profoundly
 481   II,     5. 14.  3    |                 behaviour in the ageing population. Measures of oral pain and
 482   II,     5. 14.  3    |                 cases limitations among population groups with a high risk
 483   II,     5. 14.  3    |               the majority of the adult population but the severe generalized
 484   II,     5. 14.  3    |                in only 5% to 10% of any population.~The majority of the young
 485   II,     5. 14.  3    |             majority of the young adult population adults in Western countries
 486   II,     5. 14.  3    |             only 5% to 10% of the adult population. In the 35 to 44 years old
 487   II,     5. 14.  3    |        countries where 2% to 40% of the population is affected. Prevalence
 488   II,     5. 14.  3    |       percentage of these people in the population as a whole. Proper diagnosis
 489   II,     5. 14.  3    |              that the proportion of the population that annually makes at least
 490   II,     5. 14.  5    |               tend to focus on specific population groups according to specific
 491   II,     5. 14.  5    |         involvement of entire groups of population such as the ageing population.
 492   II,     5. 14.  5    |           population such as the ageing population. For the oral health sector,
 493   II,     5. 14.  5    |              demography of the European population. The challenges which may
 494   II,     5. 14.  5    |                from a constantly ageing population require the development
 495   II,     5. 14.  6    |         relatively small portion of the population in some European countries,
 496   II,     5. 15.  1    |        affecting maybe around 3% of the population in total - in other words,
 497   II,     5. 15.  3    |                 of rare diseases on the population, it is necessary to establish
 498   II,     5. 15.  3    |                 1 in 500 in the general population; this prevalence estimate
 499   II,     5. 15.  3    |                 level of reimbursement, population of patients treated etc.).
 500   II,     5. 15.  3    |                 very different from one population to another, depending on