1-500 | 501-946
    Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1           |          characteristics (e.g. genome and age) and biological, chemical,
  2    I,     2.  1       |             non-marital cohabitation. The age at marriage is high in some
  3    I,     2.  2       |             Taking into account that this age group prefers domestic destinations,
  4    I,     2.  2       |               higher requirements of this age group concerning service
  5    I,     2.  3       |               will bring down the average age of the population. However,
  6    I,     2.  3       |           extended life expectancy on the age distribution of the European
  7    I,     2.  5       |           European countries, the average age of the workforce is rising
  8    I,     2.  5       |              trends for women of the same age brackets varied widely across
  9    I,     2.  5       |              steps to increase retirement age, but nonetheless the age
 10    I,     2.  5       |                  age, but nonetheless the age when the labour force actually
 11    I,     2.  5       |                  target) and to raise the age at which people retire by
 12    I,     2.  5       |               that the average retirement age is 59.9 years and in 2002
 13    I,     2.  5       |                   of Europeans of working age (between 15 and 64) will
 14    I,     2.  5       |                   as follows:~ ~– The 80+ age group – an important consumer
 15    I,     2.  5       |            represents the fastest growing age group. It doubled in size
 16    I,     2.  5       |                   still in evolution. The age at which people join funded
 17    I,     2.  5       |                   schemes, the retirement age and the rules governing
 18    I,     2.  6       |                 millions in 2050. For all age groups, the main explanation
 19    I,     3.  1       |                 i.e. the rise in the mean age of mothers at the birth
 20    I,     3.  1       |                    where in the 1970s the age of the mother at first birth
 21    I,     3.  1       |                  that the increase in the age at first birth has slowed
 22    I,     3.  1       |                 levels had not risen, the age at first birth would have
 23    I,     3.  1       |                   the general rise in the age at first birth over the
 24    I,     3.  1       |                early 1970s; elsewhere the age at first motherhood started
 25    I,     3.  1       |              1990s. In the 1960s the mean age at first birth was 23 to
 26    I,     3.  1       |             Eastern Europe. Currently the age is around 27 to 29 in most
 27    I,     3.  1       |                between 24 and 26 years of age.~ ~Closer inspection of
 28    I,     3.  1       |                cohorts steep rises in the age at first birth occurred:
 29    I,     3.  1.  0(1)|                   that occurs in the mean age of the mother at first birth,
 30    I,     3.  1       |                   soon as the rise in the age at first birth levels off,
 31    I,     3.  1       |               already have a child at the age of 20 — thus 75% is still
 32    I,     3.  1       |                 is not reached before the age of 25, which leads to a
 33    I,     3.  2       |               many of them are of working age, migrants tend to bring
 34    I,     3.  2       |                 to bring down the average age of the population. However,
 35    I,     3.  2       |           extended life expectancy on the age distribution of the European
 36    I,     3.  3       |                    leads to shifts in the age structure of a population,
 37    I,     3.  3       |                   in combination with the age structure, i.e. the number
 38    I,     3.  3       |         expectancy changes.~ ~Figure 3.4. Age composition in EU27 in 2006~ ~
 39    I,     3.  3       |                EU27 in 2006~ ~Figure 3.5. Age composition in the NMS12
 40    I,     3.  3       |                   0 to about 100 years of age, these pyramids illustrate
 41    I,     3.  3       |                     Currently the largest age bracket in the EU pyramid
 42    I,     3.  3       |                 born in 1963 (43 years of age in 2005). People born in
 43    I,     3.  3       |                War (around 60-65 years of age now), as well as for those
 44    I,     3.  3       |               number of people of working age (15 to 64)— rose in the
 45    I,     3.  3       |           generation entering the working age population, old-age-dependency
 46    I,     3.  3       |                  be two people of working age for every elderly citizen.
 47    I,     3.  3       |                  With relation to various age groups in 1975, 2005, 2010
 48   II,     4.  1       |               expectancy at birth (and at age 50 and 65) as key health
 49   II,     4.  1       |                  older workers. Above the age of 50, women live longer
 50   II,     4.  1       |                 in favour of women at the age of 50 is much smaller, 1.
 51   II,     4.  1       |               total longevity gap. By the age of 65, the number of remaining
 52   II,     4.  1       |              activity limitations. At the age of 50, as well as at 65,
 53   II,     4.  1       |    Disability-free life expectancy at the age of 65 in EU15~ ~In summary,
 54   II,     4.  1       |               expansion. For women at the age of 65, Belgium, Italy and
 55   II,     4.  1       |                  50 and 65. Indeed at the age of 50, the HLY values range
 56   II,     4.  1       |                care. For survivors at the age of 50, the number of remaining
 57   II,     4.  2       |                the same for young and old age groups; there have been
 58   II,     4.  2       |         attributed to the same changes in age patterns and in causes of
 59   II,     4.  2       |                life expectancy changes by age groups. Based on the (unweighted)
 60   II,     4.  2       |                 shows the contribution of age groups to the increase in
 61   II,     4.  2       |                   mortality at very young age contributed the most to
 62   II,     4.  2       |                 1980s, mortality at young age still was an important cause
 63   II,     4.  2       |                 life expectancy. For men, age groups 65-74 contributed
 64   II,     4.  2       |                  birth, and for women the age groups 70-84 even contributed
 65   II,     4.  2       |                contribution of the oldest age groups to the increase in
 66   II,     4.  2       |                  decline in mortality for age groups 80 and over, reaching
 67   II,     4.  2       |                    EU 15 average.~ ~These age patterns in mortality decline
 68   II,     4.  2       |               changes in mortality across age groups, even though in most
 69   II,     4.  2       |                 in life expectancy at the age of 80, selected countries.~ ~
 70   II,     5.  1.  1   |                  in middle life and older age, after many years of exposure
 71   II,     5.  1.  1   |               Among all CVD risk factors, age remains the most important
 72   II,     5.  1.  1   |                 hypercholesterol) and the age ranges considered from different
 73   II,     5.  1.  1   |                cancer.~ ~Prostate cancer: age is the strongest risk factor
 74   II,     5.  1.  1   |                pregnancy only,) and~· old age.~ Type 1 diabetes genetic
 75   II,     5.  1.  1   |                lifestyle. Others, such as age, gender and genetics cannot.
 76   II,     5.  1.  1   |               Lundback (2003) showed that age and smoking were the two
 77   II,     5.  1.  1   |           multivariate analysis including age, gender, smoking habits,
 78   II,     5.  1.  1   |                usually after 10 months of age.~Liver Cirrhosis~The patterns
 79   II,     5.  2.  2   |               population as standard. The age range 35-74 years is recommended
 80   II,     5.  2.  2   |                   rare and above 74 years age structure differs among
 81   II,     5.  2.  2   |              years: the recommended upper age limit is 84 years given
 82   II,     5.  2.  2   |                doubles. Above 84 years of age it is difficult to determine
 83   II,     5.  2.  2   |                    including the expanded age range 85+ could therefore
 84   II,     5.  2.  2   |                mortality in the different age groups for circulatory system (
 85   II,     5.  2.  2   |                1999) are reported for the age range 35-64 years as mean
 86   II,     5.  2.  2   |                   mortality rates for the age groups 35-74 and 35-84 years
 87   II,     5.  2.  2   |                2007) are reported for the age range 35-64 years as mean
 88   II,     5.  2.  2   |                  in middle life and older age, after many years of exposure
 89   II,     5.  2.  2   |               Among all CVD risk factors, age remains the most important
 90   II,     5.  2.  2   |                 hypercholesterol) and the age ranges considered, it was
 91   II,     5.  2.  3   |                 al, 2008). Even below the age of 75 years, IHD mortality
 92   II,     5.  2.  3   |            mortality rates only for 35-74 age range, as suggested by the
 93   II,     5.  2.  3   |                   rates for the different age ranges (all ages, 45-64,
 94   II,     5.  2.  3   |                 percentages increase with age. IHD patterns showed a clear
 95   II,     5.  2.  3   |              mortality rates in the 35-74 age range fell by 38% in Northern
 96   II,     5.  2.  3   |                procedures cover different age groups, while the degree
 97   II,     5.  2.  3   |                  by different prevalence, age distribution and risk factors.~
 98   II,     5.  2.  3   |             narrow considerably above the age of 75. As explained in chapter
 99   II,     5.  2.  3   |                  rates only for the 35-84 age range, as suggested by the
100   II,     5.  2.  3   |              shown in table 5.2.5, in the age range 75-84 years stroke
101   II,     5.  2.  3   |               2003 mortality rates in the age range 35-84 fell by 63%
102   II,     5.  2.  3   |               stroke events occur in this age range, excluding therefore
103   II,     5.  2.  4   |                   affect its development. Age is the most important factor,
104   II,     5.  2.  4   |           association with CVD incidence (age, blood pressure, cholesterol,
105   II,     5.  2.  4   |                hypertension prevalence by age range. It seems clear that
106   II,     5.  2.  4   |                 prevalence increases with age and that it is higher in
107   II,     5.  2.  4   |                  expected, increases with age and is higher among elderly
108   II,     5.  2.  4   |                men and women of different age ranges in 22 EU countries.~ ~
109   II,     5.  2.  4   |                men and women of different age ranges.~ ~Table 5.2.9. Estimated
110   II,     5.  2.  4   |                men and women of different age ranges~ ~Obesity and overweight (
111   II,     5.  2.  4   |                men and women of different age ranges.~ ~Other factors
112   II,     5.  2.  4   |                 hypercholesterolemia) and age ranges, it was not possible
113   II,     5.  2.  5   |                risk factors increase with age, but severe atherosclerosis,
114   II,     5.  2.  5   |                 Risk assessment, based on age, sex, smoking habit, systolic
115   II,     5.  2.  6   |                  men and in women, at any age, starting from blood pressure
116   II,     5.  2.  6   |                 and vascular mortality by age, sex, and blood pressure:
117   II,     5.  3.  1   |                 mainly a disease of older age. The LE of European countries
118   II,     5.  3.  3   |                   mortality statistics by age, sex, and cause of death
119   II,     5.  3.  3   |                  of cancer increases with age; furthermore, for several
120   II,     5.  3.  4   |                cancer.~ ~Prostate cancer: age is the strongest risk factor
121   II,     5.  3.  5   |                 European standard) in the age class 20-44 in 1996-2001~
122   II,     5.  3.  5   |                 European standard) in the age class 20-44~ ~Prostate Cancer (
123   II,     5.  3.  6   |              children diagnosed under the age of 15 years from 1983 to
124   II,     5.  3.  6   |              cancers not only adjusted by age but also by cancer site.
125   II,     5.  3.  8   |                   of cancer type, patient age and rehabilitation requirements
126   II,     5.  4.  1   |               usually develops before the age of 40, and often in the
127   II,     5.  4.  1   |                 increase of people of all age groups suffering from overweight
128   II,     5.  4.  1   |               elderly population over the age of 40. Because of the increased
129   II,     5.  4.  1   |                frequent at a much younger age. As an average, nine out
130   II,     5.  4.  1   |                 46% of which in the 40-59 age group, with a projection
131   II,     5.  4.  1   |                disease. People of working age are mostly involved in the
132   II,     5.  4.  1   |                with diabetes duration and age;~Pregnancy: Pregnant women
133   II,     5.  4.  2   |           pressure increase by classes of age), but results would be different
134   II,     5.  4.  2   |                  services.~Information on age, sex and linked medication,
135   II,     5.  4.  2   |           incidence of Type 1 diabetes by age/100,000 population 014
136   II,     5.  4.  2   |                   a peak over 75 years of age, with values all over 100/
137   II,     5.  4.  2   |                BMI 25 kg/m2 , 30 kg/m2~13~Age at diagnosis of diabetes
138   II,     5.  4.  2   |              diabetes mellitus by 10 year age bands~2~IV Epidemiology
139   II,     5.  4.  2   |         measurement of blood pressure and age.~Level of blood pressure
140   II,     5.  4.  2   |                 or equal to 25/30 kg/m2 .~Age at diagnosis by age bands
141   II,     5.  4.  2   |                  m2 .~Age at diagnosis by age bands is an extremely difficult
142   II,     5.  4.  3   |            indicator decreases before the age band of 75-84 years of age.~
143   II,     5.  4.  3   |                age band of 75-84 years of age.~Prevalence (stock) of dialysis/
144   II,     5.  4.  3   |                below 25 there is no clear age band effect.~Mortality.
145   II,     5.  4.  3   |              decreases substantially with age.~Measurement of total cholesterol
146   II,     5.  4.  3   |                  a median value of 42.5%. Age did not seem to have a major
147   II,     5.  4.  3   |                seem to be any significant age effect.~Measurement of HDL
148   II,     5.  4.  3   |                   women. The influence of age is not consistent amongst
149   II,     5.  4.  3   |               percentage increases in the age groups above 65.~Blood pressure
150   II,     5.  4.  3   |                 Austria. There is a clear age band effect: the older the
151   II,     5.  4.  3   |                 and 25 does not vary with age, but the percentage of people
152   II,     5.  4.  3   |                   above 30 decreases with age.~Fundus inspection. In EUCID
153   II,     5.  4.  3   |                above 85 compared to other age bands. OECD collected data
154   II,     5.  4.  3   |                 no clear difference among age bands.~Renal failure. In
155   II,     5.  4.  3   |                  The trend increases with age. Results reported by OECD
156   II,     5.  4.  3   |                   is a clear influence of age on the indicator: the older
157   II,     5.  4.  3   |                   654.5. The indicator is age dependant with a rising
158   II,     5.  4.  3   |             rising incidence above middle age.~ ~
159   II,     5.  4.  4   |                mass index, increases with age. About 50% of the general
160   II,     5.  4.  4   |                The problem increases with age, with a peak between 65
161   II,     5.  4.  5   |                 pregnancy only) and~- old age~ ~There are also other causes
162   II,     5.  4.  7   |              demographic characteristics (age, gender);~· clinical characteristics (
163   II,     5.  5.Int   |                   but rates increase with age, doubling every four years
164   II,     5.  5.Int   |                  years over 65. After the age of 85 years rates of Alzheimer’
165   II,     5.  5.  1   |                 is more frequent in young age groups (Alonso et al, 2004a).
166   II,     5.  5.  1   |                over 65 than for the other age groups (Eurostat statistics,
167   II,     5.  5.  1   |              causes of death in the 15-35 age group for both sexes. Suicide
168   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   per 100 000 population. Age standardisation delivers
169   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   population had the same age distribution as the European
170   II,     5.  5.  1   |            statistics. It is available in age groups 0-64 years and all
171   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   available for five year age cohorts, for both sexes
172   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   13%) and increased with age.~ ~Table 5.5.1.4. Psychological
173   II,     5.  5.  1   |      Psychological distress by gender and age~ ~Logistic regression was
174   II,     5.  5.  1   |                  used in order to control age, gender, marital status,
175   II,     5.  5.  1   |             regression identified gender, age, marital status, employment
176   II,     5.  5.  1   |                  Netherlands), the oldest age range (³65 years) have lower
177   II,     5.  5.  1   |             Source: Eurostat~ ~The annual age adjusted mortality rates
178   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   Table 5.5.1.6. Annually age adjusted mortality rates
179   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   5.1.7.~ ~Table 5.5.1.7. Age adjusted mortality rates
180   II,     5.  5.  1   |               respectively.~ ~In the 0-14 age group (Table 5.5.1.8) the
181   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   countries. In the 15-64 age group the lowest suicide
182   II,     5.  5.  1   |                  and Slovenia. In the 65+ age group the highest rates
183   II,     5.  5.  1   |             deaths (N) and average yearly age adjusted mortality rates (
184   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   inflicted accidents per age group and gender in Europe~ ~
185   II,     5.  5.  1   |             gender, in both 15-64 and 65+ age groups, females in all countries
186   II,     5.  5.  1   |                 Children up to 6 years of age(1997-99): Early years of
187   II,     5.  5.  1   |             people belonging to different age groups, children and adolescence,
188   II,     5.  5.  1   |             adolescence, those at working age and older people.~o Implementation
189   II,     5.  5.  2   |               Although not limited to old age and not a normal part of
190   II,     5.  5.  2   |                 common in people over the age of 65. It affects about
191   II,     5.  5.  2   |                  and women in 9 different age groups (30-59, 60-64, 65-
192   II,     5.  5.  2   |              women combined, in five year age groups from 60 to 84 years
193   II,     5.  5.  2   |                  calculated for the 30-59 age group and for men and women
194   II,     5.  5.  2   |               prevalence rates per 5 year age groups up to the age of
195   II,     5.  5.  2   |                 year age groups up to the age of 99, whereas Ferri et
196   II,     5.  5.  2   |                from 30 to 99 in five year age groups. Once extracted,
197   II,     5.  5.  2   |                  extracted, those for the age groups between 30 and 59
198   II,     5.  5.  2   |                  available for the higher age groups. This was the case
199   II,     5.  5.  2   |                people within a particular age range suffering from dementia.~ ~
200   II,     5.  5.  2   |               reliable statistics for all age groups and the under-diagnosis
201   II,     5.  5.  2   |                methodology, disease type, age range, date and geographical
202   II,     5.  5.  2   |                lifestyle. Others, such as age, gender and genetics cannot.
203   II,     5.  5.  2   |             number of people reaching old age gradually increases, so
204   II,     5.  5.  2   |             possible risk factors such as age, gender or genetic vulnerability
205   II,     5.  5.  2   |                   population continues to age and governments are faced
206   II,     5.  5.  3   |              mostly in adolescence in the age of 13 to 18; however, several
207   II,     5.  5.  3   |             residence of the patient. Two age categories are observed
208   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   diagnoses separately in age group 0-14).~Finland~ ~X~ ~
209   II,     5.  5.  3   |                between 13 and 16 years of age (3000 adolescents). Findings
210   II,     5.  5.  3   |            dissatisfaction increases with age: 28% for 11-year-olds, 37%
211   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   of girls increases with age: from 12% for 11-year-olds
212   II,     5.  5.  3   |            dissatisfaction increases with age: 12% for 11-year-olds, 23%
213   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  the level increases with age (WHO, 2004).~Berkman et
214   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   exception of an earlier age of first onset in males)
215   II,     5.  5.  3   |               life years for the 15 to 44 age group, and it ranks third
216   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 countries with respect to age categories. These data show
217   II,     5.  5.  3   |                show a peak in the 3034 age group and again between
218   II,     5.  5.  3   |                between 45 and 49 years of age with a continuous increase
219   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 more pronounced in middle age (Fors et al, 2007).~Thus,
220   II,     5.  5.  3   |      Inter-country comparison of hospital age standardized in-patient
221   II,     5.  5.  3   |               European Region the 1529 age group has the highest values
222   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  utilization of adults at age 15 and older covering schizophrenia
223   II,     5.  5.  3   |              differ on specific symptoms, age of onset, or natural history.
224   II,     5.  5.  3   |                six and eighteen months of age. Some of their characteristic
225   II,     5.  5.  3   |         incomplete ascertainment in young age cohorts, which limits the
226   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   can be explained by the age of the children screened,
227   II,     5.  5.  3   |                educational program by the age of two or three. Earlier
228   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  in patients in different age groups (children, adults,
229   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 of epilepsy in Europe, by age~ ~With one exception (Cockerell
230   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   decrease in the younger age groups and increase in the
231   II,     5.  5.  3   |      ascertainment of the disease in this age group.~There are only few
232   II,     5.  5.  3   |               been found to shift between age groups. The percentage of
233   II,     5.  5.  3   |               correlation between SMR and age. In neurologically normal
234   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  of neurodeficits in this age group. In the Finnish cohort
235   II,     5.  5.  3   |              remission rate at 9 years of age (Cockerell et al, 1995).
236   II,     5.  5.  3   |          remission rate at 12-30 years of age children was 74-78% (Forsgren,
237   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   education, personality, age, psychosocial and neuropsychiatric
238   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  in the younger and older age groups are based on small
239   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    Impairments, diseases, age and their relative risk
240   II,     5.  5.  3   |               incidence and prevalence by age, sex, disease course and
241   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 for a specific country.~ ~Age categorisation for prevalence
242   II,     5.  5.  3   |             studies. For this report, the age classification was chosen
243   II,     5.  5.  3   |          distribution by country, gender, age, and incidence distribution
244   II,     5.  5.  3   |           selected EUGLOREH Countries, by age (best estimates)~ ~Table
245   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   the changing population age structure, generally increased
246   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   prevalence estimates by age group varied significantly
247   II,     5.  5.  3   |             Austria were observed for the age group 50-69 and with a woman:
248   II,     5.  5.  3   |               same study the total median age at death from MS was 59
249   II,     5.  5.  3   |         populations with respect to size, age structure, ethnic origin; (
250   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 was found. The population age structure is therefore a
251   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   categorising variables (age group, disease course, disease
252   II,     5.  5.  3   |           prevalence and incidence rates, age at disease onset, life expectancy
253   II,     5.  5.  3   |              expectancy at disease onset, age at death, degree and duration
254   II,     5.  5.  3   |              demographic characteristics (age, gender, education, disability
255   II,     5.  5.  3   |            increasing prevalence in older age groups (>85y; 2205/100.000),
256   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 publications and reported age ranges varied. In six studies (
257   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   increased steadily with age; however, in six other studies (
258   II,     5.  5.  3   |                between 70 and 90 years of age.~Estimated prevalence and
259   II,     5.  5.  3   |             respectively. When only older age groups (>60 years) were
260   II,     5.  5.  3   |           strategies, and particularly in age distributions (note that
261   II,     5.  5.  3   |               retirement. In the 55 to 64 age group, only 51.2% of the
262   II,     5.  5.  3   |                patients retired at a mean age of 50.5 years compared to
263   II,     5.  6.  1   |                   greater impact in older age, in particular osteoporosis
264   II,     5.  6.  3   |              women from 16 to 74 years of age in the UK General Household
265   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   up to about 65 years of age (Andersson et al, 1993;
266   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 more prevalent with older age (Figure 5.6.2). A decline
267   II,     5.  6.  3   |                  noticed over 65 years of age; a plausible explanation
268   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 be the decline around the age of retirement of the adverse
269   II,     5.  6.  3   |                place.~ ~Figure 5.6.1. The age and sex-specific prevalence
270   II,     5.  6.  3   |              musculoskeletal diseases per age group in the Netherlands~ ~
271   II,     5.  6.  3   |              musculoskeletal diseases per age group in the Netherlands (
272   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   increases strongly with age.~ ~In the UK, a report on
273   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   at 4564 and third at age 6584 after dementia and
274   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   of OA is accelerated by age, and in the hip and knee
275   II,     5.  6.  3   |                progression increases with age.~ ~Prevalence~ ~Prevalence
276   II,     5.  6.  3   |               increases indefinitely with age as OA is not reversible (
277   II,     5.  6.  3   |               uncommon in those under the age of 40 but are seen in most
278   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 are seen in most over the age of 70 (van Saase et al,
279   II,     5.  6.  3   |          Prevalence of radiographic OA by age A) Men~Figure 5.6.4b. Prevalence
280   II,     5.  6.  3   |          Prevalence of radiographic OA by age B) Women~ ~Determinants,
281   II,     5.  6.  3   |                  and population at risk~ ~Age is the strongest predictor
282   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   who reaches 90 years of age will have OA in some joint (
283   II,     5.  6.  3   |                females, increasing at the age of 50 especially in the
284   II,     5.  6.  3   |           prevalence rise with increasing age and obesity, extending life
285   II,     5.  6.  3   |           generally rises with increasing age until about the age of 70,
286   II,     5.  6.  3   |            increasing age until about the age of 70, to then decline (
287   II,     5.  6.  3   |           comparable because they are not age standardised; nevertheless,
288   II,     5.  6.  3   |             various cohorts include older age, female gender, longer disease
289   II,     5.  6.  3   |             various cohorts include older age, female gender, longer disease
290   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   woman about 55 years of age with a wrist fracture. Ten
291   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 1015 years later, at the age of 7580, she may fall and
292   II,     5.  6.  3   |                fragility fractures at the age of 50 or more is considerable (
293   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   strongly increases with age, with rates of 2/100,000
294   II,     5.  6.  3   |         person-years in women 85 years of age and older, with rates in
295   II,     5.  6.  3   |                  1992). Above 50 years of age there is a female to male
296   II,     5.  6.  3   |            continue to increase after the age of 70 among women, perhaps
297   II,     5.  6.  3   |          fractures also rise steeply with age and are greater in women
298   II,     5.  6.  3   |                  deformity increases with age and is present in one in
299   II,     5.  6.  3   |                between 50 and 80 years of age.~ ~On the basis of the IOF
300   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   from 5% in women at the age of 50 to 50% at the age
301   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   age of 50 to 50% at the age of 85, whilst in men the
302   II,     5.  6.  3   |           population at risk~ ~Apart from age and female gender, the major
303   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 of falling increases with age. Hip fracture may also occur
304   II,     5.  6.  3   |              especially those of advanced age or with comorbidity. Pain
305   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   common at this advanced age and contributes to the impact
306   II,     5.  6.  3   |                between 25 and 64 years of age (van den Velden et al, 1991).
307   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   pain is associated with age, physical fitness, smoking,
308   II,     5.  6.  4   |                   greater impact in older age. The ageing of the population
309   II,     5.  6.  6   |                 studies of differences in age, gender, social class, and
310   II,     5.  7.  1   |                 indicate that CKD at this age is rare (Ardissino et al,
311   II,     5.  7.  3   |                modified by adjustment for age, gender, and diabetes. Age
312   II,     5.  7.  3   |                age, gender, and diabetes. Age and GFR at the beginning
313   II,     5.  7.  3   |               2005 steeply increased with age and was higher in males
314   II,     5.  7.  3   |                  the 1992-2005 period per age group, gender and cause
315   II,     5.  7.  3   |                 patients over 65 years of age which had more than doubled.
316   II,     5.  7.  3   |                  of RRT in the 0-14 years age group was 43 per million
317   II,     5.  7.  3   |               group was 43 per million of age related population (Table
318   II,     5.  7.  3   |              stage 3-5 CKD increased with age (Figure 5.7.4).~ ~Figure
319   II,     5.  7.  3   |                     Figure 5.7.4. Sex and age specific prevalence of stages
320   II,     5.  7.  3   |                 chronic kidney disease by age and sex.~ ~In 2005 the crude
321   II,     5.  7.  3   |                 and B). It increased with age and was more than 50% higher
322   II,     5.  7.  3   |                   the period 1992-2005 by age group, gender and cause
323   II,     5.  7.  3   |                 40% increase in the 15-64 age group and a more than 130%
324   II,     5.  7.  3   |                  130% increase in the 65+ age group. In the 0-14 age group,
325   II,     5.  7.  3   |                    age group. In the 0-14 age group, however, the prevalence
326   II,     5.  7.  3   |                   64 and over 65 years of age respectively (Table 5.7.
327   II,     5.  7.  3   |                 incident RRT patients per age group, gender and cause
328   II,     5.  7.  4   |               factors, be affected by the age and gender distribution
329   II,     5.  8.  3   |                   adults over 40 years of age. A total of 62 studies reported
330   II,     5.  8.  3   |                due to COPD increases with age and is greater in men than
331   II,     5.  8.  3   |                   n = 2,699) in 1998 with age, gender, time, and practice-matched
332   II,     5.  8.  3   |                COPD patients, with a mean age of 67 and an average FEV
333   II,     5.  8.  4   |               Lundback (2003) showed that age and smoking were the two
334   II,     5.  8.  4   |           multivariate analysis including age, gender, smoking habits,
335   II,     5.  8.  4   |                   people over 50 years of age. This was contradicted in
336   II,     5.  8.  4   |                 is already present at the age of 20-45, with prevalence
337   II,     5.  8.  4   |                  people to survive in old age, such as enhanced interventions
338   II,     5.  9. FB   |                  remit spontaneously with age (Figure 5.FB.1).~ ~Figure
339   II,     5.  9. FB   |                 diseases can arise at any age, although they more often
340   II,     5.  9. FB   |               European children under the age of ten is affected by a
341   II,     5.  9. FB   |                 of atopic symptoms at the age of 42 in obese people. A
342   II,     5.  9. FB   |                 diseases at 1847 ys of age (Bener et al, 2007). On
343   II,     5.  9. FB   |              incidence of wheezing at the age of 3 months in breast-fed
344   II,     5.  9. FB   |                   beyond 4 to 6 months of age for the development of atopic
345   II,     5.  9.  2   |               including patients from all age groups with current asthma.
346   II,     5.  9.  3   |                population (20-44 years of age) (de Marco, 2000).~ ~Previous
347   II,     5.  9.  3   |            noticed before for the limited age range considered in the
348   II,     5.  9.  3   |                  asthma from birth to the age of 44 by using data from
349   II,     5.  9.  3   |                  remission had an earlier age at onset (7.8 vs 15.9 years,
350   II,     5.  9.  3   |                  inversely related to the age at onset (62.8% and 15.0%
351   II,     5.  9.  3   |                the prevalence in tha same age range varied from 2.5% to
352   II,     5.  9.  3   |                   Figure 5.9.3. Asthma by age 14 years in ECHRS and ISAAC
353   II,     5.  9.  3   |                 survey; however, the mean age at diagnosis (9.6 years)
354   II,     5.  9.  3   |                  children of 6-7 years of age and 16.9% in children of
355   II,     5.  9.  3   |                children of 13.14 years of age), Romania (7%), Switzerland (
356   II,     5.  9.  3   |                    from 24% to 26% in the age group 15 years and older,
357   II,     5.  9.  4   |                and under-diagnosed in all age ranges; particular care
358   II,     5.  9.  4   |                  of asthma in the working age. Occupations at high risk
359   II,     5.  9.  4   |               without differences between age groups. Farm children living
360   II,     5.  9.  4   |                   Parietaria judaica. The agesex standardized prevalence
361   II,     5.  9.  4   |                Highest, median and lowest agesex standardized prevalence
362   II,     5.  9.  4   |                Table 5.9.6. Standardized (age, gender) prevalence of sensitization
363   II,     5.  9.  4   |                  tested and standardized (age, gender) prevalence of sensitization
364   II,     5.  9.  7   |                   and mean total IgE with age and cohort. JACI 2005;116:
365   II,     5. 10.  1   |                 is strongly linked to the age group considered (EFSA,
366   II,     5. 10.  2   |                   taking into account the age group and the method used
367   II,     5. 10.  4   |             particular concern in certain age groups such as children
368   II,     5. 10.  6   |              their true prevalence across age groups, taking into account
369   II,     5. 11.  3   |           diseases tends to increase with age, and there is hardly any
370   II,     5. 11.  3   |               individual over 50 years of age who does not need dermatologic
371   II,     5. 11.  3   |              Point prevalence at 2 yrs of age=7%~Böhme M, et al~ ~Swedish
372   II,     5. 11.  3   |                  between 5% to 20% by the age of 11 (Kay et al, 1994;
373   II,     5. 11.  3   |              practiced before 20 years of age (L Dotterud and E Falk,
374   II,     5. 11.  3   |                  especially common in old age, affecting around 29% of
375   II,     5. 11.  3   |                 and 3.8% in the following age groups:1524, 2534, 35–
376   II,     5. 11.  3   |                  in the 40 to 60 years of age group (Rea, 1976).~A study
377   II,     5. 11.  7   |                dermatitis at two years of age: A prospective, population-based
378   II,     5. 11.  7   |                   of skin diseases in old age. Acta Dermato Venereol 1980;
379   II,     5. 12.  2   |                  rates for each five-year age group and calendar period
380   II,     5. 12.  2   |                 all ages and truncated at age 35 to 64 years, were computed
381   II,     5. 12.  3   |                  and at 35 to 64 years of age for various European countries
382   II,     5. 12.  3   |                ages and at 35-64 years of age from various European countries
383   II,     5. 12.  3   |           truncated rates (35-64 years of age) from cirrhosis in men were
384   II,     5. 12.  3   |           truncated rates (35-64 years of age), in 2000-02 the highest
385   II,     5. 12.  3   |                ages and at 35-64 years of age from various European countries
386   II,     5. 14.  1   |                  they fall out normallyage 10 to 12allows adequate
387   II,     5. 14.  1   |                   of tooth loss after the age of 40-45. Epidemiology has
388   II,     5. 14.  2   |             children, adolescents, adults age group and elderly. The tradition
389   II,     5. 14.  2   |             children at 6 and 12 years of age.~Numerator: Total number
390   II,     5. 14.  2   |             children at 6 and 12 years of age.~Denominator: Total number
391   II,     5. 14.  2   |             children at 6 and 12 years of age surveyed.~ ~b. Dental Contact
392   II,     5. 14.  2   |           Proportion of population in the age group 12, 15, 18 and 35-
393   II,     5. 14.  2   |              Number of individuals in the age group 12, 15, 18 and 35-
394   II,     5. 14.  2   |              Number of individuals in the age group 12, 15, 18 and 35-
395   II,     5. 14.  2   |                  status is recommended at age 12 and 15.~ ~d. Edentulous
396   II,     5. 14.  2   |                 slows down with increased age. The disease is mainly found
397   II,     5. 14.  3   |                serious decay threshold at age 12, varying around 1-1.5
398   II,     5. 14.  3   |                 slows down with increased age. The disease is mainly found
399   II,     5. 14.  3   |                  found to be 58.3% at the age of12.~ ~Figure 5.14.3. Children
400   II,     5. 14.  3   |                significantly depending on age, race, dental status, level
401   II,     5. 14.  5   |                   and well-being into old age through a life-long perspective
402   II,     5. 14.  6   |                  affected and within this age group further difficulties
403   II,     5. 15.  3   |                   3% of deaths before the age of 1 year, to 9.6% of deaths
404   II,     5. 15.  3   |                  6% of deaths between the age of 1 and 5 and to 12.5%
405   II,     5. 15.  3   |                 between 5 and 15 years of age. In terms of hospitalisation,
406   II,     6.  3.  1   |          surveillance. In 22 diseases the age groups most affected were
407   II,     6.  3.  1   |                 EU incidence (2005), main age groups affected (2005),
408   II,     6.  3.  3   |                  most common in the 1524 age group and that infection
409   II,     6.  3.  3   |                were observed in the 1524 age group , while the incidence
410   II,     6.  3.  3   |                  100 000), with the 2544 age group as the most affected.
411   II,     6.  3.  4   |                   2 Tubercolosis cases by age and gender~ ~ ~ ~Figure
412   II,     6.  3.  4   |               Table 6.A1.3 Cases of TB by age groups~ ~ ~ ~ ~The EU countries
413   II,     6.  3.  4   |                   14 represented 4%. Mean age is lower in western countries
414   II,     6.  3.  4   |                rates increase slowly with age and are the highest in the
415   II,     6.  3.  5   |                   tract infections in all age groups, but is also common
416   II,     6.  3.  5   |                the highest in the over-65 age group (15.3 per 100 000),
417   II,     6.  3.  5   |                   followed by the under-4 age group (14.1 per 100 000),
418   II,     6.  3.  5   |           remained low. After 25 years of age, the incidence rates increased
419   II,     6.  3.  5   |            incidence rates increased with age.~ ~ ~Conjugated pneumococcal
420   II,     6.  3.  5   |               reported among the youngest age groups (014 years).~ ~In
421   II,     6.  3.  5   |          reporting the highest rates. The age and sex distribution varied
422   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   6.7). The most affected age group is children under
423   II,     6.  3.  6   |               group is children under the age of five years. The disease
424   II,     6.  3.  6   |             incidence was reported in the age group 04 years (27% of
425   II,     6.  3.  6   |          decreasing steadily in the older age groups. Some countries,
426   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   VTEC. The most affected age group appears to be 04
427   II,     6.  3.  6   |              individuals over 65 years of age. In 2005, 96 listeriosis
428   II,     6.  3.  6   |                seen in children under the age of 15.~ ~
429   II,     6.  3.  6   |                Most cases occurred in the age groups under 15 years. Comparisons
430   II,     6.  3.  6   |              rates. The two most affected age groups are children 514
431   II,     6.  3.  6   |                are children 514 years of age and adults 4564 years of
432   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 and adults 4564 years of age.~ ~
433   II,     6.  3.  7   |                  increases with advancing age and may reach 20% or more.
434   II,     7.  3.  2   |               death. When you combine all age groups, i.e. young through
435   II,     7.  3.  2   |                Leading cause of death per age group, EU27).~ ~Table 7.
436   II,     7.  3.  2   |                Leading cause of death per age group, EU27~ ~There is an
437   II,     7.  3.  2   |                When looking at gender and age, injuries affect males and
438   II,     7.  3.  2   |             deaths per 100 000 by sex and age group, EU27~ ~Recent trends
439   II,     7.  3.  4   |                road traffic accidents per age group and injury severity~ ~
440   II,     7.  3.  5   |               Some risk factors vary with age, gender and ethnic group.
441   II,     7.  3.  5   |       maltreatment (WHO, 2002).~ ~For all age groups taken together, interpersonal
442   II,     7.  3.  5   |              particular for 5% in the 1-4 age group. Again, differences
443   II,     7.  3.  5   |           distributed evenly among sex or age groups. More men than women
444   II,     7.  4       |                 costs: On average, in all age groups, injuries account
445   II,     7.  4       |                   risks according to sex, age and social status.~ ~The
446   II,     7.  4.  1   |                  impact on health in this age group:~ ~The share of fatal
447   II,     7.  4.  1   |                  between 1 to 24 years of age. The annual death toll for
448   II,     7.  4.  1   |                annual death toll for this age group is estimated as 26000
449   II,     7.  4.  1   |              death in % of all deaths per age group, EU27~ ~Deaths of
450   II,     7.  4.  1   |              cause of death, 1-4 years of age~ ~According to these figures,
451   II,     7.  4.  1   |                than 20 000 people in this age group die due to injuries (
452   II,     7.  4.  1   |                Leading cause of death per age group, EU27). Traffic accidents
453   II,     7.  4.  1   |                  of death, 15-24 years of age~ ~The AdRiskProject is
454   II,     7.  4.  2   |                  Injuries, at an advanced age account for a higher than
455   II,     7.  4.  2   |             causes of death, 65+ years of age~ ~Several networks and projects
456   II,     7.  4.  4   |            playing football are below the age of 25. More than 90% of
457   II,     7.  4.  4   |                 aerobics are also in this age group (Figure 7.22).~ ~Figure
458   II,     7.  4.  4   |                  at the time of injury by age group, 2003-2005~ ~Physical
459   II,     7.  4.  6   |               Some risk factors vary with age, gender, sexual orientation
460   II,     7.  7       |                 Road traffic accidents by age group and injury severity (
461   II,     8.  1.  3   |                   to LSHPD increases with age: reported prevalence was
462   II,     8.  1.  3   |                   was less than 4% in the age group 16-24, 9% in the age
463   II,     8.  1.  3   |                age group 16-24, 9% in the age group 25-54 and about 20% (
464   II,     8.  1.  3   |         restricted were about 12%) in the age group 55-64. Chest and breathing
465   II,     8.  1.  3   |                were less frequent, in the age group 16-24 years compared
466   II,     8.  1.  3   |                 years compared with older age groups. Among people with
467   II,     8.  1.  3   |              those not restricted. In the age group 20-24, this proportion
468   II,     8.  1.  3   |         employment rates of people in the age group 16-64 were 28% among
469   II,     8.  1.  3   |                   no restrictions; in the age group 55-64 years, such
470   II,     8.  1.  3   |                   people of corresponding age.~ ~Support provided and
471   II,     8.  1.  3   |              proportion of men in working age (16-64 years) with income
472   II,     8.  1.  3   |                    Among women of working age, about 16% of those with
473   II,     8.  2.  1   |           adaptive behaviour’, defined as age appropriate functioning
474   II,     8.  2.  1   |              disability originates before age 18’ (AAMR 2002, p8). Changes
475   II,     8.  2.  1   |                   were followed up to the age of 11.5 years, showed a
476   II,     8.  2.  1   |               children followed up to the age of 14 in Northern Finland.
477   II,     8.  2.  1   |                before a child reaches the age of 18 years. It can be caused
478   II,     8.  2.  1   |                  intellectual disability, age and location.~ ~
479   II,     8.  2.  1   |             related conditions in the old age.~Efforts at the level of
480   II,     8.  2.  1   |                   social services as they age. Improving access to health promotion
481   II,     8.  2.  1   |                 than patients of the same age and gender in the general
482   II,     8.  2.  3   |                  moderate severity in the age group 15-19 year has been
483   II,     8.  2.  3   |             hearing loss are presbycusis (age related hearing loss) followed
484   II,     9           |                  AND TRENDS FOR DIFFERENT AGE AND GENDER~POPULATION GROUPS~
485   II,     9           |               trends concerning different age population groups (i.e.
486   II,     9           |          perinatal health~ ~High maternal age at delivery. Maternal demographic
487   II,     9           |             relationship between maternal age and perinatal health outcomes
488   II,     9           |               compare the extremes of the age distribution. The risk of
489   II,     9           |                 approximately 35 years of age. For younger mothers, the
490   II,     9           |               among women of childbearing age varies across Europe, as
491   II,     9           |             deprivation.~ ~Older maternal age is a risk factor for chromosomal
492   II,     9           |            syndrome. Trends towards older age at childbearing are a complex
493   II,     9           |               often beginning at an early age. Weekly drinking is more
494   II,     9           |                 than girls and rises with age from over a tenth of 11
495   II,     9           |                  in nineteen countries by age 15. In a few countries the
496   II,     9           |                 girls are very similar at age 15, such as Norway and the
497   II,     9           |             intercourse at about the same age. Belgium and Germany are
498   II,     9           |                 too sensitive for younger age groups. The ranges of reported
499   II,     9           |             countries and regions and all age groups, girls are less active
500   II,     9           |                 gender gap increases with age. The countries with the