1-500 | 501-842
    Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1            |                 Commission and/or Member States nor to recommend them the
  2    -,     1            |                only the number of Member States and the size of the overall
  3    -,     1            |              place both at EU and Member States levels.~ ~This very comprehensive
  4    -,     1            |                from most European Member States and of several international
  5    -,     1            |               them) of all the EU Member States, Croatia, Turkey, Iceland
  6    -,     1            |                  information from Member States or other sources, including
  7    -,     1            |          cooperation among the EU Member States and with the European Commission.
  8    -,     1            |          information tool for the Member States to establish in an efficient
  9    I,     2.Acr        |                 Education~NMS~New Member States~PHG~Public Health Genomics~
 10    I,     2.  1        |          countries such as the EU Member States through four main channels: (
 11    I,     2.  2        |               not only in the new Member States, but also between old and
 12    I,     2.  2        |               between old and new Member States. The still existing gaps
 13    I,     2.  2        |                 growth in the new Member Stateswhilst the differences
 14    I,     2.  2        |               policies in the new Member States facilitated very large increases
 15    I,     2.  2        |               between old and new Member States – a trend that is still
 16    I,     2.  2        |                in the nearest old Member States generated by the three largest
 17    I,     2.  2        |                 three largest new Member States (Poland, Hungary and Czech Republic)
 18    I,     2.  2        |               between old and new Member States, tourists aged 65+ continue
 19    I,     2.  2        |                 quite low in most Member States, the catering of this market
 20    I,     2.  3        |                remain low in many Member States. Illegal migration contributing
 21    I,     2.  3        |               high. Almost in all Member States the integration of immigrants
 22    I,     2.  3        |             Western countries (EU Member States, Northern America, and Japan)
 23    I,     2.  3        |             occurring from EUNMS to EU15 states, where in general they are
 24    I,     2.  4        |                 existing among EU Member States in terms of gross national
 25    I,     2.  4        |               years of all the EU member States and allows a comparison
 26    I,     2.  4        |                 exclusion in each Member States. within this context, national
 27    I,     2.  4        |        Communication on “Unequal Welfare States, Distributive Consequences
 28    I,     2.  4        |            sustainability. Hence, Member States are implementing policies
 29    I,     2.  4        |            needed. Virtually, all Member States have implemented universal
 30    I,     2.  5        |              workers from the new member states (i.e. Eastern European countries).
 31    I,     2.  5        |                rates of different Member States and that unemployment rates
 32    I,     2.  5.  0(2) |                and health in some Member States of the European Union, 2002.
 33    I,     2.  5        |        Communication on “Unequal Welfare States, Distributive Consequences
 34    I,     2.  5        |                 been made in some Member States towards meeting these targets,
 35    I,     2.  5        |              groups into European Member States.~Migrant workers include
 36    I,     2.  5        |                remain low in many Member States. Illegal migration contributing
 37    I,     2.  5        |               high. Almost in all Member States the integration of immigrants
 38    I,     2.  5        |             objective set by many Member States. Future pension benefits
 39    I,     2.  5        |                  extent. In those Member States introducing greater reliance
 40    I,     2.  5        |                 decades. European Member States will need to deal with these
 41    I,     2.  6        |                are shown among EU Member States both in terms of total population
 42    I,     2.  6        |         secondary education in EU Member States, candidates and EFTA countries.~ ~
 43    I,     2.  6        |                  programmes in EU Member States. Women accounted for more
 44    I,     2.  6        |              Sweden and the three Baltic States as well as in Iceland and
 45    I,     2.  6        |               Portugal, the three Baltic States, Luxembourg, Finland, Bulgaria
 46    I,     2.  6        |              Poland and the three Baltic States, as well as Iceland, around
 47    I,     2.  6        |               Portugal, the three Baltic states and Bulgaria. The share
 48    I,     2.  6        |           publicly founded in all Member States, private contributors also
 49    I,     2.  6        |                education. In most Member States, the share of publicly funded
 50    I,     2. 10.  3    |             information networks. Member States should develop health information
 51    I,     2. 10.  3    |          services. Commission and Member States will ensure that on-line
 52    I,     2. 10.  3    |                  actions taken by Member States to make health information
 53    I,     2. 10.  4    |               benefits.~ ~Some EU Member States have regulated national
 54    I,     2. 10.  4    |                  the EU.~A few EU Member States are also investigating possibilities
 55    I,     2. 10.  5    |                be achieved in the member States for what concerns how to
 56    I,     2. 11        |                and health in some Member States of the European Union, 2002.
 57    I,     3.Acr        |                Expectancy~NMS New Member States of the EU~TFR Total Period
 58    I,     3.  1        |                  several other EU Member States, the TFR was above 3.0:
 59    I,     3.  1        |                  declined in most Member States, sometimes quite substantially.
 60    I,     3.  1        |              less abrupt in other Member States like France and Sweden.
 61    I,     3.  1        |             Fertility Rate in the Member States in 1960, 1980 and 2005 and
 62    I,     3.  1        |                  out of the 27 EU Member States had fertility rates below
 63    I,     3.  1        |              among the various EU Member States. Northern and Western Europe
 64    I,     3.  1        |                  years in many EU Member States, although slightly lower
 65    I,     3.  1        |                  to 29 in most EU Member States in Northern, Western and
 66    I,     3.  2        |                 of the EU with 27 Member States, although diminishing in
 67    I,     3.  2        |         population increase in EU Member States, whereas more recently the
 68    I,     3.  2        |            European Union with 27 Member States, although diminishing in
 69    I,     3.  2        |                across the various Member States. From 1960 to 2006 the overall
 70    I,     3.  2        |                increased, several Member States saw population declines.
 71    I,     3.  2        |              More recently, these Member States have witnessed population
 72    I,     3.  2        |                Several of the new Member States, such as the Baltic States,
 73    I,     3.  2        |               States, such as the Baltic States, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic,
 74    I,     3.  2        |                that all the ‘oldMember States, and three of the ‘new’
 75    I,     3.  2        |                   and three of the ‘newStates (Cyprus, Malta and Slovenia)
 76    I,     3.  2        |             growth in the various Member States in the coming decades (Figure
 77    I,     3.  2        |           Romania. The twelve New Member States are expected to witness
 78    I,     3.  2        |                million in the new Member States together).~ ~In the past,
 79    I,     3.  2        |                but also for these Member States the population projections
 80    I,     3.  2        |                 in the twelve new Member States is opposed to that in the
 81    I,     3.  2        |       enlargement of the EU to 27 Member States will reduce the total EU
 82    I,     3.  2        |                several of the new Member States already have negative natural
 83    I,     3.  2        |                 than births) and several States have an emigration surplus.
 84    I,     3.  2        |              increase. The 12 new Member States have a different profile.
 85    I,     3.  2        |            Central and Eastern EU-Member States have low or negative population
 86    I,     3.  2        |                   while the other Member States all experience negative
 87    I,     3.  2        |          fertility rates in these Member States are a major cause of this.
 88    I,     3.  2        |             regulations in the EU member States result in an increasing
 89    I,     3.  2        |                Together these EU Members States accommodate 23 million immigrants,
 90    I,     3.  3        |              21st century many EU Member States may face some ‘population
 91    I,     3.  3        |            pyramid for the New EU Member States (NMS12) shows two bulges:
 92    I,     3.  3        |              trends in the 12 new Member States are fluctuating more than
 93    I,     3.  3        |             rather similar across Member States. Compared to the 2005 values,
 94    I,     3.  3        |             variation between the Member States is diminishing substantially.
 95    I,     3.  4        |              Childlessness in the United States? Demography 21(4) pp. 591-
 96   II,     4.  1        |                 the fact that new Member States countries have much lower
 97   II,     4.  1        |              larger in the 12 new Member States (8 years) than elsewhere
 98   II,     4.  1        |                 for individual EU Member States (MS) and the EU as a whole.
 99   II,     4.  1        |               into life spent in various states of good and bad health (
100   II,     4.  1        |             harmonization for all Member States in 2005.~ ~Trends in DFLE
101   II,     4.  1        |                  at 65, among the Member States of the European Union (EU25),
102   II,     4.  1        |              observed between the Member States in 2005. At MS level, values
103   II,     4.  1        |              observed between the Member States in 2005 at 50 and 65. Indeed
104   II,     4.  1        |              years (HLY0 ) in the Member States of the European Union in
105   II,     4.  1        |                  in the different Member States are displayed, respectively,
106   II,     4.  1        |                 women and between Member States. Understanding and reducing
107   II,     4.  1        |         comparison to that of the United States of America (USA) and Japan,
108   II,     4.  1        |              Union (EU27), in the United States of America (USA) and in
109   II,     4.  1        |           availability across all Member States (Robine and Jagger, 2007).
110   II,     5.  1.  1    |                as well as in each Member States (Figure 5.1.1). At individual
111   II,     5.  2.  2    |              2006). For the 27 EU member states age-standardized (35-74
112   II,     5.  2.  2    |             years available in EU Member States.~The last ten years (1994-
113   II,     5.  2.  5    |               solidarity among EU Member States.~The majority of cardiology
114   II,     5.  2.  5    |         Commission as well as the Member States to ensure that appropriate
115   II,     5.  2.  6    |               private actors, for Member States to consider in their own
116   II,     5.  3.  2    |                   15 of the EU-27 Member States (MSs) have national cancer
117   II,     5.  3.  2    |            However in Europe some Member States do not have yet an European
118   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 not all the EU-27 Member States have national cancer registration
119   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 Yet in several EU Member States, severe constraints on registry
120   II,     5.  3.  2    |               registration in all Member States is needed to remove legal
121   II,     5.  3.  2    |                recommend that all Member States make cancer registration
122   II,     5.  3.  2    |            network helping all EU Member States to improve a better access
123   II,     5.  3.  7    |       recommendations to European Member States for the implementation of
124   II,     5.  3.  7    |                    A number of EU Member States (see Table 5.3.2) consider
125   II,     5.  3.  7    |                 adoption in 27 EU Member States and other European States
126   II,     5.  3.  7    |                States and other European States in 2007~ ~ ~BELGIUM~No~BULGARIA~
127   II,     5.  3.  7    |               required in most EU Member States to develop or improve national
128   II,     5.  3.  8    |                 responsibility of Member States under the European recommendations)~
129   II,     5.  3.  8    |                 responsibility of Member States. Needs of European directives)~·
130   II,     5.  4.  1    |                 8.5% in the EU 27 Member States, equivalent to an increase
131   II,     5.  4.  1    |                  the different EU Member States. Germany and Austria have
132   II,     5.  4.  1    |                  rate, at 4%. New Member States in general experience prevalence
133   II,     5.  4.  1    |                policy priority by Member States of the European Union. More
134   II,     5.  4.  2    |          priorities adopted by EU Member States for the collection of data
135   II,     5.  4.  6    |               action;~- providing Member States with appropriate health
136   II,     5.  4.  6    |              only 13 of the 27 EU Member States (IDF European Region 2008)
137   II,     5.  4.  6    |               plans/guidelines in Member States. Existing national plans
138   II,     5.  4.  6    |               significantly among Member States, especially for what concerns
139   II,     5.  4.  6    |               cooperation between Member States;~2. help to increase the
140   II,     5.  4.  6    |                Recommendations~To Member States:~ ~· Collection, registration,
141   II,     5.  4.  6    |               taking into account Member States' organisation and delivery
142   II,     5.  4.  6    |               information between Member States with a view to promoting
143   II,     5.  4.  6    |                factor data across Member States;~· Reporting on Member States'
144   II,     5.  4.  6    |            States;~· Reporting on Member States' actions in order to emphasise
145   II,     5.  4.  6    |           information provided by Member States, assessing the extent to
146   II,     5.  4.  7    |                belonging to 20 EU Member States. EUBIROD will allow to automatically
147   II,     5.  4.  7    |           residing in individual regions/states cannot be easily solved
148   II,     5.  5.Int    |              from society.~ ~Some Member States endeavour to protect the
149   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  a willingness of Member States to use the EU-level for
150   II,     5.  5.Int    |               message by inviting Member States to give due attention to
151   II,     5.  5.  1    |           Western and Southern EU Member States (Alonso et al, 2004a). Major
152   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  including six EU Member States found lifetime prevalence
153   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  participating EU member States (Kessler et al., 2007).
154   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 Eurostat). The EU Member States differ from each other considerably
155   II,     5.  5.  1    |                Seven of the 27 EU Member States are among the global top
156   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 the EU.~ ~In most Member States, suicide rates are higher
157   II,     5.  5.  1    |               totally reliable as Member States differ in legal definition
158   II,     5.  5.  1    |               one third of the EU Member States. Due to reason described
159   II,     5.  5.  1    |              from the 27 European Member States varies according to the
160   II,     5.  5.  1    |      health-related data for OECD Member States. These include data on causes
161   II,     5.  5.  1    |                attempts in six EU Member States. The following areas are
162   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 and over in 13 EU Member States. They do not provide morbidity
163   II,     5.  5.  1    |       considerably between the EU Member States. The Eurostat data indicate
164   II,     5.  5.  1    |               self-harm among the Member States is found in Lithuania, Hungary,
165   II,     5.  5.  1    |            carried out in several Member States.~o Mental Health Information
166   II,     5.  5.  2    |           calculations for the 27 member states of the European Union indicate
167   II,     5.  5.  2    |              population of the 27 member states.~ ~Past and future trends~ ~
168   II,     5.  5.  2    |               dementia in several member states from 1960 to 2005 (Alzheimer
169   II,     5.  5.  2    |             calculated for all 27 member states together.~ ~However, certain
170   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 including the new Member States, in order to devise new
171   II,     5.  5.  2    |               their carers in the member states of the European Union as
172   II,     5.  5.  2    |                 and work in other member states of the European Union, situations
173   II,     5.  5.  2    |                  countries. Three member states must ratify the Hague Convention
174   II,     5.  5.  3    |               European Union (EU) Member States, non-EU Member States as
175   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Member States, non-EU Member States as well as the USA and Canada
176   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Turkey). The EU27 Member States as well as EU Candidate
177   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  as well as EU Candidate States (Croatia, Macedonia, Turkey)
178   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  countries (10 EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, France,
179   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Western Europe and the United States was noticed. The prevalence
180   II,     5.  5.  3    |                adolescence for 36 Member States in the WHO European Region.
181   II,     5.  5.  3    |           strategy aims at assisting the States in formulating policies
182   II,     5.  5.  3    |               available in the EU member states and respective deficits.~
183   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 across~· European Member States: a collection of country
184   II,     5.  5.  3    |        prevention across European Member States: a collection of country
185   II,     5.  5.  3    |            public concern.~In the United States of America, the Centres
186   II,     5.  5.  3    |            children born in 1994 from 14 states. A total of 407,578 children
187   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 many of the newer Member States there is very little or
188   II,     5.  5.  3    |               particularly in the United States of America and Great Britain.
189   II,     5.  5.  3    |                is lacking in most Member States.~There is no general policy
190   II,     5.  5.  3    |              European Union, most member states require a two-year seizure-freedom
191   II,     5.  5.  3    |               Departments in most member states of the Union provided information
192   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 and across the EU Member States.~ ~EU Consensus documents
193   II,     5.  5.  3    |               societies in all 27 member states of the EU; together with
194   II,     5.  5.  3    |            sharing between the EU Member States. The project will contrast
195   II,     5.  5.  3    |                compare current EU member statesnational care approaches
196   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 higher in the old Member States compared to the new EU members.
197   II,     5.  6.  6    |                  disorders in the United States. Arthritis Rheum 41:778-
198   II,     5.  7.  2    |              quite a number of EU Member States renal registries are able
199   II,     5.  7.  2    |                 comparison. Other Member States, especially some larger
200   II,     5.  7.  2    |               Portugal). Most new Member States as well as non Member States
201   II,     5.  7.  2    |             States as well as non Member States have renal registries in
202   II,     5.  7.  2    |                comparisons across Member States and non Member States. On
203   II,     5.  7.  2    |             Member States and non Member States. On the other hand, the
204   II,     5.  7.  2    |           incomplete. Seven EU-15 Member States (Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
205   II,     5.  7.  2    |              period and six EU-15 Member States (France, Germany, Italy,
206   II,     5.  7.  2    |                  additional EU-27 Member States (Bulgaria, Czech Republic,
207   II,     5.  7.  2    |               and a number of non Member States were able to provide aggregated
208   II,     5.  7.  2    |             registries in 9 EU-15 Member States (Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
209   II,     5.  7.  3    |               times higher in the United States compared to Norway. In a
210   II,     5.  7.  3    |                  in virtually all Member States at least until 2002. This
211   II,     5.  7.  3    |                economic burden on Member States.~ ~Socioeconomic variation
212   II,     5.  7.  3    |                  in virtually all Member States at least until 2002. This
213   II,     5.  7.  3    |                economic burden on Member States.~ ~Mortality in ESRD patients
214   II,     5.  7.  4    |             development across EU Member States, the causes for the considerable
215   II,     5.  7.  4    |              rates of RRT between Member States are largely unknown. The
216   II,     5.  7.  6    |                  registries in EU Member States have started to collaborate
217   II,     5.  7.  6    |                 growing number of Member States have developed national
218   II,     5.  7.  6    |      kidneyHP2010.htm).~ ~In most Member States, dialysis multinational
219   II,     5.  7.  7    |              2005., Bethesda, MD: United States Renal Data System, National
220   II,     5.  7.  7    |             kidney disease in the United States: an underrecognized problem.
221   II,     5.  8.  3    |            causes of death in the United States from 1970 through 2002 show
222   II,     5.  8.  4    |                carried out in the United States, France, Poland, Italy,
223   II,     5. 10.  2    |                the Commission and Member States of the EU on the question
224   II,     5. 10.  2    |               conducted in single Member States by using different methodologies
225   II,     5. 10.  3    |               New Zealand and the United States in the context of the ECRHS
226   II,     5. 10.  7    |                of the laws of the Member States relating to the labelling,
227   II,     5. 11.  5    |                framework in which Member States can develop national plans
228   II,     5. 11.  7    |               persons 174 years, United States, 19711974. Vital and Health
229   II,     5. 12.  7    |                  infection in the United States, 1988 through 1994. N Engl
230   II,     5. 12.  7    |              liver disease in the United States. Hepatology 31:777-782.~ ~
231   II,     5. 13        |              been seen across all Member States that it is the least educated
232   II,     5. 13        |              world, including the Member States of the European Union (EU) (
233   II,     5. 13        |              European region (53, Member States) among children and adolescents.
234   II,     5. 14.  3    |               literature on this subject states that: between 1970 and 2000
235   II,     5. 14.  5    |                as well as provide Member States with appropriate health
236   II,     5. 14.  5    |             Increasingly European Member States or regions within Members
237   II,     5. 14.  5    |                or regions within Members States have formulated health priority
238   II,     5. 14.  6    |                place in May 2007, Member States of the World Health Organisation (
239   II,     5. 14.  6    |            responsibilities among Member States. It offers an opportunity
240   II,     5. 15.Acr    |             Inheritance in Man~MS~Member States~NORD~National Organization
241   II,     5. 15.  4    |                 at EU level or at Member States (MS) level.~Regulation No
242   II,     5. 15.  4    |               June 2001. In 2005, Member States were asked to communicate
243   II,     5. 15.  4    |           strategy for support to Member States in ensuring effective and
244   II,     5. 15.  4    |           rare diseases in the EU Member States; develop European cooperation,
245   II,     5. 15.  6    |                  of Community and Member StatesIncentive Measures to Aid
246   II,     6.  2        |              diseases and between Member States.~ ~
247   II,     6.  3.  1    |                 control action by Member States (even though levels remain
248   II,     6.  3.  1    |              action lies with the Member States, EU level initiatives can
249   II,     6.  3.  1    |               surveillance in the Member States. In order to interpret these
250   II,     6.  3.  1    |               capabilities of the Member States must be brought up to the
251   II,     6.  3.  2    |                three-fold between Member States, though it is difficult
252   II,     6.  3.  2    |                recommendations to Member States to establish national strategies
253   II,     6.  3.  2    |           Furthermore, several EU Member States still do not have a national
254   II,     6.  3.  3    |                 exchanged between Member States.~ ~
255   II,     6.  3.  3    |        reportable disease in most Member States. Moreover, tere is a general
256   II,     6.  3.  3    |                  the different EU Member States in terms of magnitude, trends,
257   II,     6.  3.  3    |               epidemic in the new Member States is again diverse. In the
258   II,     6.  3.  3    |             again diverse. In the Baltic States, the number of HIV diagnoses,
259   II,     6.  3.  3    |                  In the other new Member States, although the number of
260   II,     6.  3.  3    |                Exceptions are the Baltic States, where the HIV epidemic
261   II,     6.  3.  3    |                 on this issue for Member States. As for prevention, action
262   II,     6.  3.  3    |                last 10 years, the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania)
263   II,     6.  3.  3    |                  with men. In the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania)
264   II,     6.  3.  3    |         infection. Most of the EU Member States have included hepatitis
265   II,     6.  3.  4    |                 the EU.~ ~Most EU Member States follow the WHO guidance
266   II,     6.  3.  4    |                is required by all Member States as well as EU institutions
267   II,     6.  3.  4    |                  disease and many Member States are heading towards elimination.
268   II,     6.  3.  4    |               elimination. In the Baltic States rates increased in the late
269   II,     6.  3.  4    |                  exception of the Baltic States, Hungary, Poland and Portugal,
270   II,     6.  3.  4    |                to moderate.~· The Baltic States, characterised by high TB
271   II,     6.  3.  4    |         surveillance scheme by 15 Member States, Iceland and Norway. Ninety-three
272   II,     6.  3.  5    |                  from a couple of Member States, and reported tetanus rates
273   II,     6.  3.  5    |            routinely used in most Member States. These are invasive pneumococcal
274   II,     6.  3.  5    |                introduced in some Member States.~ ~Important challenges
275   II,     6.  3.  5    |              Soviet Republics and Baltic States (particularly in Latvia).
276   II,     6.  3.  5    |                 are in the new EU Member States (figure 6.5).~ ~Figure 6.
277   II,     6.  3.  5    |                 000 per year in the EU15 states, except for Italy and Portugal
278   II,     6.  3.  5    |                  1995. In the new Member States, tetanus incidence rates
279   II,     6.  3.  5    |           vaccination policies of Member States as many are changing from
280   II,     6.  3.  6    |              considerably in many Member States over the last decade, and
281   II,     6.  3.  6    |              outbreaks in several Member States. Although the majority of
282   II,     6.  3.  6    |           particularly in the new Member States), but also to the occurrence
283   II,     6.  3.  6    |              cases in some of the Member States.~ ~Typhoid fever / Paratyphoid
284   II,     6.  3.  6    |                 reported by 18 EU Member States. Slovakia reported 11 cases;
285   II,     6.  3.  7    |                  to country. Some Member Statesannual reports document
286   II,     6.  4.  2    |             health authorities in Member States and the Commission on outbreaks
287   II,     6.  4.  2    |             health authorities in Member States responsible for measures
288   II,     6.  4.  2    |                  these decisions, Member States should inform about events
289   II,     6.  4.  2    |                from the different Member States an important Commission
290   II,     6.  4.  3    |            preparedness of the EU Member States~ ~The Commission has addressed
291   II,     6.  4.  3    |             national plans of the Member States. They aimed at improving
292   II,     6.  4.  3    |             impact of a pandemic, Member States must maximise the availability
293   II,     6.  4.  4    |                authorities of the Member States responsible for official
294   II,     6.  4.  4    |                 or planned by the Member States. The new Centre also provides
295   II,     7.  1        |                of death in the EU Member States after cardiovascular diseases,
296   II,     7.  1        |                  However, in many Member States this kind of data is not
297   II,     7.  1        |                  prevention in EU Member States is segregated into independent
298   II,     7.  2.  1    |                 obligation in all Member States. Countries code the information
299   II,     7.  2.  1    |                  standard in most Member States of the EU and is submitted
300   II,     7.  2.  3    |                  collected by the Member States. The purpose of CARE system
301   II,     7.  2.  4    |                  for all ‘oldEU-Member States (EU 15) and Norway. The
302   II,     7.  2.  4    |            implemented in the New Member States and in the Candidate Countries
303   II,     7.  3.  2    |               mortality in the 27 Member States of the European Union is
304   II,     7.  3.  3    |         discharges exists between Member States, from 540 in Malta to 2
305   II,     7.  3.  4    |                 mortality in some Member States (Figure 7.7).~ ~Figure 7.
306   II,     7.  3.  4    |                 variation between Member States due to differences in national
307   II,     7.  3.  4    |            extension to the other Member States is still ongoing. Weaknesses
308   II,     7.  3.  4    |              neglected in most EU Member States which in turn hampers respective
309   II,     7.  4        |         comparable manner in most Member States and which are considered
310   II,     7.  4        |                of 2007 calls upon Member States to ensure an effective resource
311   II,     7.  4        |            infrastructures within Member States (gaps in prevention and
312   II,     7.  4.  1    |                 adolescents in EU Member States and candidate countries (
313   II,     7.  4.  4    |               health promotion in Member States as well as within the European
314   II,     7.  5        |               are in place in all Member States (compare Shields et al,
315   II,     7.  5        |         implemented thoroughly in Member States of the Community, which
316   II,     7.  5        |                 disparity between Member States: the risk for fatal injury
317   II,     7.  5        |              Europe has urged its Member States (i) to put injury on the
318   II,     7.  5        |      nongovernmental experts from Member States (European Commission, 2006).
319   II,     7.  5        |              this Recommendation, Member States are expected to:~ ~Implement
320   II,     7.  5        |        stakeholders;~· Supporting Member States for the inclusion of injury
321   II,     7.  5        |                 available in many Member States. In order to provide stakeholders
322   II,     7.  5        |            injury information the Member States are invited to:~ ~· Provide
323   II,     7.  5        |                 policy sectors in Member States and within the Commission, (
324   II,     7.  6        |               Generally in the EU Member States, there is a current decreasing
325   II,     7.  6        |                  In fact, in many Member States Ministries of health lack
326   II,     8.  1.  2    |              survey covers all EU Member States, except Latvia, Poland and
327   II,     8.  1.  2    |             survey covers only 13 Member States – the EU15 countries apart
328   II,     8.  1.  3    |         limitations across the EU Member States. In all EU Member States
329   II,     8.  1.  3    |                 States. In all EU Member States these proportions were much
330   II,     8.  1.  5    |          Commission along with 22 Member States has signed the UN Convention
331   II,     8.  1.  5(4) |                 people with disabilities states that: States Parties undertake
332   II,     8.  1.  5(4) |                disabilities states that: States Parties undertake to collect
333   II,     8.  2.  1    |               handicap or, in the United States, mental retardation. By
334   II,     8.  2.  1    |           national surveys in the Member States, although these data vary
335   II,     8.  2.  1    |                to ensure that the Member States and other European countries
336   II,     8.  2.  1    |            social policies in the Member States favouring social inclusion,
337   II,     8.  2.  1    |                  the southeastern United States. JADA, Vol. 136, 903-012.~
338   II,     8.  2.  2    |                for a number of EU Member States, Acceding and EFTA Countries.
339   II,     8.  2.  2    |           collected in several EU Member States by means of EU Labour Force
340   II,     8.  2.  2    |           different from other EU Member States and Candidate Countries (
341   II,     8.  2.  2    |           different from other EU Member States and Candidate Countries (
342   II,     8.  2.  2    |               need in some EU new Member States (Kocur, 2004)~ ~
343   II,     8.  2.  3    |           collected in several EU Member States by means of EU Labour Force
344   II,     8.  2.  3    |               other surveys in EU Member States were interpolated to obtain
345   II,     8.  2.  3    |          population is from 18 EU Member States, Croatia and EFTA Countries)
346   II,     9            |           between the new and old member States are also apparent with respect
347   II,     9            |        childbearing in the 15 old member States, while this trend is much
348   II,     9            |                evident in the new member States. Although many fewer women
349   II,     9            |                in life in the new member states, there is a large variation
350   II,     9            |                vary across the EU member states, but in general southern
351   II,     9            |               Groot et al, 2004). Member States should consider the promotion
352   II,     9            |                Burden of DiseaseReport states that alcohol use is the
353   II,     9.  1.  1    |              still exist among EU Member States. Table 9.1.1.1 provides
354   II,     9.  1.  1    |                 from all European member states and Norway (Zeitlin et al,
355   II,     9.  1.  1    |                 health across the member states, and indicators for further
356   II,     9.  1.  1    |            operationalised in the member states.~ ~Table 9.1.1.2.1. EURO-PERISTAT
357   II,     9.  1.  1    |                 in the current EU Member States. By 2004, they ranged from
358   II,     9.  1.  1    |                 Union. Among EU15 Member States and Norway, the median rate
359   II,     9.  1.  1    |         preventable. Among the EU Member States, the highest rates of these
360   II,     9.  1.  1    |                 differently in EU Member States. See Chapter 9.3.2 for more
361   II,     9.  1.  1    |             birth subtypes in the United States, 1989 through 2000: impact
362   II,     9.  1.  1    |                  pregnancy in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006;
363   II,     9.  1.  2    |                 and older in new members States~ ~Differences between the
364   II,     9.  1.  2    |           between the new and old member States are also apparent with respect
365   II,     9.  1.  2    |        childbearing in the 15 old member States, while this trend is much
366   II,     9.  1.  2    |                evident in the new member States. Although many fewer women
367   II,     9.  1.  2    |                in life in the new member states, there is a large variation
368   II,     9.  2.  1    |         Development, which all EU Member States committed to address between
369   II,     9.  2.  2    |                specific data from Member States, but it uses this sparingly
370   II,     9.  2.  2    |               and treats equally the 50+ States. The Health For All database
371   II,     9.  2.  2    |                  topic in a number of EU states. (Web links – ww ~ ~Organisation
372   II,     9.  2.  2    |      intermediate EU-25 or present EU-27 states, Accession and other States
373   II,     9.  2.  2    |              states, Accession and other States outside.~ ~
374   II,     9.  2.  2    |                 of Europe and its Member States to identifying and caring
375   II,     9.  2.  2    |             indicator: across all Member States it is the least educated
376   II,     9.  2.  3    |              prescribing corticosteroids statesAsthma is the most common
377   II,     9.  2.  3    |                 decreasing in all Member States except Finland (European
378   II,     9.  2.  3    |               2007b). Thus, all European states, including the European
379   II,     9.  2.  5    |             scientific support to Member States in many aspects of health
380   II,     9.  2.  5    |                  to the fact that Member States are largely responsible
381   II,     9.  2.  5    |                et al, 2008)~ ~WHO Member States adopted The Global Strategy
382   II,     9.  2.  5    |                 one fourth in all Member States by substantially improving
383   II,     9.  2.  5    |                  aim is to assist Member States in the European Region to
384   II,     9.  2.  5    |                the request of WHO Member States and adopted by European
385   II,     9.  2.  6    |              sight limited, since Member States are largely responsible
386   II,     9.  3.  1    |            Health Europe).~ ~Some Member States also endeavour to protect
387   II,     9.  3.  1    |                of hypertension in Member States appears to be around 20% (
388   II,     9.  3.  1    |         mortality in most in EU27 Member States is decreasing, although
389   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  in the recent accession States except Poland and Slovenia
390   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 both sexes in all Member States, those of Denmark, Greece,
391   II,     9.  3.  1    |              budget) among all EU Member States. Nevertheless, it has recently
392   II,     9.  3.  1    |           Obesity Task Force (IOTF 2002) states very clearly that the problem
393   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  report (WHO, 2002) also states that men are at ‘specific
394   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   in the Northern Member States to more than 1% in the Mediterranean
395   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 the Mediterranean Member States. Prior to EU enlargement,
396   II,     9.  3.  1    |          available and several EU Member States are now starting vaccination
397   II,     9.  3.  1    |         fractures in women in the United States and most European countries
398   II,     9.  3.  1    |                vary across the EU member states, but in general southern
399   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 development.~ ~EU Member States have signed up to processes
400   II,     9.  3.  1    |            standard are too daunting for Statesresources. Assured implementation
401   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 needed to support Member States in making the administrative
402   II,     9.  3.  2    |              highest among the EU Member States. The three Baltic countries
403   II,     9.  3.  2    |               comparisons between Member States because they reflect different
404   II,     9.  3.  2    |                the largest old EU Member States (Germany, France and United
405   II,     9.  3.  2    |                   For most of the Member States entering EU in 2004, the
406   II,     9.  3.  2    |            differences between EU Member States.~ ~Table 9.3.2.1. Percentage
407   II,     9.  3.  2    |             birth subtypes in the United States, 1989 through 2000: impact
408   II,     9.  3.  2    |                  pregnancy in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006;
409   II,     9.  3.  3    |              health.~ ~Several EU Member States observe an increasing prevalence
410   II,     9.  4.  4    |               Groot et al, 2004). Member States should consider the promotion
411   II,     9.  4.  4    |                Burden of DiseaseReport states that alcohol use is the
412   II,     9.  4.  5    |             cooperation among the Member States. This initiative was endorsed
413   II,     9.  4.  5    |                  submitted to the Member States. A joint report by the Commission
414   II,     9.  4.  5    |                  The replies from Member States confirm the usefulness of
415   II,     9.  4.  5    |                  the elderly: All Member States are trying to find the best
416   II,     9.  4.  5    |      cost-effective services? The Member States' replies show that seeking
417   II,     9.  4.  5    |               questionnaire, some Member States' replies point to the large
418   II,     9.  4.  5    |               relation to access, Member States express their determination
419   II,     9.  4.  5    |               cooperation between Member States in the area of quality of
420   II,     9.  4.  5    |         financial sustainability, Member States point to the challenge of
421   II,     9.  4.  5    |               Cooperation between Member States could concentrate on exchanging
422   II,     9.  5.  3    |                 violence. Several Member States, normally regarded as advanced (
423   II,     9.  5.  3    |              that in 11 out of 15 Member States the weight of citizens has
424   II,     9.  5.  3    |              seen that across all Member States it is the least educated
425   II,     9.  5.  3    | physical activity vary across the member states of EU-15, but in general
426   II,     9.  5.  3    |               carried out only in member states of the EU-15. The most recent
427   II,     9.  5.  3    |            varied greatly between Member States: the United Kingdom (1.9%)
428   II,     9.  5.  3    |          Eurostat, 2007)~ ~In the Member States for which data is available,
429   II,     9.  5.  3    |               and study.~ ~In the Member States for which data is available,
430   II,     9.  5.  4    |                  of Coordination: Member States’ co-ordinatination of policies
431   II,     9.  5.  4    |        Employment policies of the Member States.~ Reference A6-0149/2005 :
432   II,     9.  5.  4    |                 use, and requests Member States to develop, implement and
433   II,     9.  5.  4    |                provide support to Member States in monitoring alcohol-related
434   II,     9.  5.  4    |               information between Member States, which follow developments
435   II,     9.  5.  4    |                standardisation of Member Statesnational data collection
436   II,     9.  5.  4    |                in the EU and some Member States towards embedding gender
437   II,     9.  5.  4    |                  Community and EU Member States recognises the central role
438   II,     9.  5.  5    |             implementation in the Member States of the Beijing Platform
439   II,     9.  5.  7    |                 Fund for Women~US~United States~WHO~World Health Organization~ ~ ~ ~ ~
440  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Prevention~EU-27~The 27 Member States of the European Union since
441  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 widely among EU27 member States. The proportion of adults
442  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  prevalence among member States, the overall average for
443  III,    10.  2.  1    |                average for the 25 member States is broadly the same as it
444  III,    10.  2.  1    |             collaboration between Member States and research. The quest
445  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  FCTC), which all Member States and the Community have signed,
446  III,    10.  2.  1    |               resolution in 1989, Member Statesgovernments have developed
447  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Control and urges UN Member States to strengthen tobacco control
448  III,    10.  2.  1    |       information provided by 179 Member States, gives governments and other
449  III,    10.  2.  1    |         available information for Member States to manage~harmful alcohol
450  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 between the three Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania)
451  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  and in the three Baltic states 48% and 42% respectively.
452  III,    10.  2.  1    |              levelling off in the Member States with the highest prevalence
453  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  with a number of Member States. A crude estimation made
454  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  Many of the EU15 Member States have experienced an important
455  III,    10.  2.  1    |              drug users. While EU Member States were developing extensive
456  III,    10.  2.  1    |              nations. Most of the Member States which have joined the EU
457  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  reported by many Member States. Contents are mostly information
458  III,    10.  2.  1    |               treatment in the EU Member States and Norway. This represents
459  III,    10.  2.  1    |               2002, almost all EU Member States had formally introduced
460  III,    10.  2.  1    |           through the adoption by Member States of a set of key epidemiological
461  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 knowledge between Member States, an area in which the EMCDDA
462  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of methadone in 12 Member States of the European Union, European
463  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 preventionurges Member States: (i) to adopt measures to
464  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 the EU and within Member States.~ ~Member States have recognized
465  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  Member States.~ ~Member States have recognized the need
466  III,    10.  2.  1    |                available for 8 EU Member States and Candidate Countries.~ ~
467  III,    10.  2.  1    |                collected from WHO Member States with complete source and
468  III,    10.  2.  1    |               available for 27 EU Member States, Candidate and EFTA Countries.~ ~
469  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Commission in all member States of the European Union. Starting
470  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 survey covered 15 member states and used IPAQ short, including
471  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 survey covered 25 member states and focused on sport participation,
472  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 document provides Member States of the WHO European Region,
473  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 at supporting the Member States of the WHO European Region
474  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 and adults in the United States: current evidence and research
475  III,    10.  2.  1    |              world, including the Member States of the European Union (EU) (
476  III,    10.  2.  1    |               European region(53, Member States) among children and adolescents.
477  III,    10.  2.  1    |                     For all 27 EU Member States, national studies on the
478  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Scientific Panels and Member States. At the present time, the
479  III,    10.  2.  1    |          European countries(15 EU Member States and Norway) (Trichopoulou
480  III,    10.  2.  1    |             present comprising 53 Member States) where excess body weight
481  III,    10.  2.  1    |         countries, the northern European states and Austria, and by younger
482  III,    10.  2.  1    |                encouraged. In the United States, it is recommended that
483  III,    10.  2.  1    |               generally high in European States so that its use should be
484  III,    10.  2.  1    |             responsibility of the Member States and the European Community.
485  III,    10.  2.  1    |               are underway in the Member States so that these can be monitored
486  III,    10.  2.  1    |               obesity and overweight. It states that “a School Fruit Scheme
487  III,    10.  2.  1    |              stakeholders and the Member States. The contributions received
488  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  laid down in the Member States which relate to the addition
489  III,    10.  2.  1    |         counteracting obesity, EU Member States endorsed the ultimate goal
490  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of the laws of the Member States relating to the labelling,
491  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of the laws of the Member States relating to food supplements (
492  III,    10.  2.  4    |               cooperation amongst Member States as in most cases only a
493  III,    10.  2.  4    |                  al,2007).~ ~Some Member States of the EU have developed
494  III,    10.  2.  5    |                 policies in a few Member States. Increasing knowledge about
495  III,    10.  3.  1    |                does it require EU Member States to conduct noise mapping,
496  III,    10.  3.  1    |                  it also requires Member States to report on these activities
497  III,    10.  3.  1    |                  the data between Member States. On an international level
498  III,    10.  3.  1    |          competent authorities in Member States to produce strategic noise
499  III,    10.  3.  1    |                 designated by the Member States. Noise maps will capture
500  III,    10.  3.  1    |        agglomerations, defined by Member States and areas along major transportation