1-500 | 501-649
    Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1           |            many new institutional and policy developments have taken
  2    I,     2.  2       |             The Community’s accession policy and the market oriented
  3    I,     2.  4       |              sustainable development. Policy consistency and coordination,
  4    I,     2.  5       |            private pensions, specific policy measures seem necessary
  5    I,     2.  7       |        neglect. As the section on the policy tools indicated, there is
  6    I,     2.  8       |              disposal is a "must" for policy makers. The market price
  7    I,     2. 10.  1   |               far healthcare systems, policy makers and industries are
  8    I,     2. 10.  3   |          deploying and modernising EU policy instruments to encourage
  9    I,     2. 10.  3   |               the need for additional policy measures to remove regulatory,
 10    I,     2. 10.  3   |  identification (RFID) and issuing of policy proposals.~ ~Adding to the
 11    I,     2. 10.  3   |  infrastructures and showcases.~ ~ICT Policy Support Programme, part
 12    I,     2. 10.  3   |             and Consumer Protection's policy work. Information on these
 13   II,     4.  1       |           come in the near future and policy makers will have more experience
 14   II,     5.  1.  2   |              of their national health policy. There are other dimensions
 15   II,     5.  2.  1   |               2733 Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs
 16   II,     5.  2.  5   |           rate. Planners examined the policy and environmental factors
 17   II,     5.  2.  5   |                              5.2.5.2. Policy~ ~· In 2002, the Spanish
 18   II,     5.  2.  5   |              276th Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs
 19   II,     5.  2.  6   |           Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy 2007-2012 (WHO, 2007) establishes
 20   II,     5.  2.  7   |               2733 Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs
 21   II,     5.  2.  7   |           Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy 2007-2012 [http://www.euro.
 22   II,     5.  3.  8   |              effective cancer control policy for Europe should address.
 23   II,     5.  3.  8   |               of the “Gaining Healthpolicy and outline for action for
 24   II,     5.  4.  1   |       Diabetes is recognised as a top policy priority by Member States
 25   II,     5.  4.  2   |             tools to monitor diabetes policy on a large scale, including
 26   II,     5.  4.  2   |               results are limited for policy, as we are uncertain on
 27   II,     5.  4.  4   |          EUCID should serve to inform policy makers that, on average,
 28   II,     5.  4.  6   |               of actions in different policy sectors;~3. open a platform
 29   II,     5.  4.  6   |              June 2006 as Diabetes EU policy;~· the International Diabetes
 30   II,     5.  4.  6   |               the paperDiabetes: EU Policy Recommendationsproviding
 31   II,     5.  4.  6   |             at the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs
 32   II,     5.  4.  6   |       nutrition and physical activity policy, and addressing the impact
 33   II,     5.  4.  8   |             2733rd Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs
 34   II,     5.  4.  8   |           Region (2006):Diabetes: the Policy puzzle. Towards benchmarking
 35   II,     5.  4.  8   |          Region (2008): Diabetes. The Policy puzzle: is Europe making
 36   II,     5.  5.Int   |              been identified as a key policy challenge by the World Health
 37   II,     5.  5.Int   |                The Community’s health policy has covered mental health
 38   II,     5.  5.Int   |         through specific projects and policy initiatives20. The EU 2003-
 39   II,     5.  5.Int   |               s social and employment policy targeted the non-discrimination
 40   II,     5.  5.Int   |         Information society and media policy supported the development
 41   II,     5.  5.Int   |          diagnosis and care; Regional policy supports infrastructure
 42   II,     5.  5.Int   |               adjustment; Educational policy addresses mental health
 43   II,     5.  5.Int   |          mental health as part of its policy work (e.g. on key competences
 44   II,     5.  5.Int   |         freedom, justice and security policy, the DAPHNE II programme
 45   II,     5.  5.Int   |            initiatives.~ ~A number of policy documents adopted by the
 46   II,     5.  5.Int   |            some of the EU's strategic policy objectives, proposed the
 47   II,     5.  5.Int   |          professionals and Government policy makers in finding key facts
 48   II,     5.  5.  1   |         Contribution to mental health policy~General programmes targeted
 49   II,     5.  5.  1   |               s social and employment policy have targeted the non discrimination
 50   II,     5.  5.  1   |        offered for the development of policy action for mental health.
 51   II,     5.  5.  1   |               Europe. J Mental Health Policy Econ 9(2):87-98.~ ~S F et
 52   II,     5.  5.  2   |             be of great importance to policy makers responsible for organising
 53   II,     5.  5.  2   |                  5.5.2.5. Control and policy tools~ ~As the number of
 54   II,     5.  5.  2   |              on national and European policy makers to consider these
 55   II,     5.  5.  3   |          successful implementation of policy and intervention (WHO, 2005):~·
 56   II,     5.  5.  3   |               reliable information;~· policy without implementation is
 57   II,     5.  5.  3   |           develop clear and ambiguous policy goals and programme objectives;~·
 58   II,     5.  5.  3   |         initiatives using full set of policy instruments available to
 59   II,     5.  5.  3   |       international public health and policy. In most cases, actions
 60   II,     5.  5.  3   |        international school nutrition policy as well as implementiable
 61   II,     5.  5.  3   |            and practice. Furthermore, policy makers should regularly
 62   II,     5.  5.  3   |       analysed data are essential for policy making and actions, whilst
 63   II,     5.  5.  3   |           Organization (2004): Health Policy for Children and Adolescents,
 64   II,     5.  5.  3   |               regarding mental health policy.~Mortality~The crude F20-death
 65   II,     5.  5.  3   |               have a therapeutic drug policy or an essential drug list.
 66   II,     5.  5.  3   |           Effective Interventions and Policy Options” (2005) mentions
 67   II,     5.  5.  3   |               patients? J Ment Health Policy Econ 10:63-71.~Fors BM,
 68   II,     5.  5.  3   |               G (2007): Mental Health Policy and Practice across Europe –
 69   II,     5.  5.  3   |           Effective Interventions and Policy Options Available at: htt ;
 70   II,     5.  5.  3   |        country to have adopted such a policy in support of people affected
 71   II,     5.  5.  3   |           States.~There is no general policy for education and health
 72   II,     5.  5.  3   |      Commission of the IBE produced a policy statement “Towards a universal
 73   II,     5.  5.  3   |       recommends a non-discriminatory policy for hiring people with epilepsy
 74   II,     5.  5.  3   |             affected by MS, including policy makers and administrators,
 75   II,     5.  5.  3   |        affected by MS, drawing on key policy developments and consensus
 76   II,     5.  5.  3   |          European Commission’s Health Policy Forum, and is also part
 77   II,     5.  5.  3   |             in contributing to social policy changes.~The EMSP has recently
 78   II,     5.  5.  3   |   cost-effectiveness analysis. Health Policy and Planning 16;326-331.~
 79   II,     5.  6.  2   |           healthcare practitioner and policy maker. Bone and Joint Decade,
 80   II,     5.  6.  4   |             great economic burden for policy makers when prioritizing
 81   II,     5.  6.  5   |          health, health promotion and policy implementation. In addition,
 82   II,     5.  7.  5   |            level.~· The public health policy in Finland is that all patients
 83   II,     5.  7.  5   |           agreed that a public health policy should be developed to counter
 84   II,     5.  7.  6   |       addition, such data will assist policy makers and other stakeholders
 85   II,     5.  9.  1   |             asthma-related healthcare policy.~ ~
 86   II,     5.  9.  5   |               Europe.~ ~Policies~ ~At policy level the most important
 87   II,     5. 10.  5   |             food labelling is a major policy tool for protecting consumers
 88   II,     5. 10.  6   |              to the food industry and policy makers to prevent adverse
 89   II,     5. 11.  5   |              path for a public health policy response to reduce the burden
 90   II,     5. 12.  5   |                Primary prevention~ ~A policy for the avoidance of cirrhosis
 91   II,     5. 14.  1   |           concern among public health policy makers is that some special
 92   II,     5. 14.  1   |             contribute to oral health policy development.~ ~Periodontal
 93   II,     5. 14.  3   |       industrialized countriesclear policy, despite the disparities
 94   II,     5. 14.  5   |           concern among public health policy makers is that some special
 95   II,     5. 14.  5   |             contribute to oral health policy development. Countries of
 96   II,     5. 14.  6   |             within the framework of a policy aiming at reducing inequalities
 97   II,     5. 15.  1   |               develop a public health policy specific for each rare disease,
 98   II,     5. 15.  1   |             and development, industry policy, information and training,
 99   II,     5. 15.  4   |           defining the elements for a policy on RD in Europe through
100   II,     5. 15.  4   |              The general aims of this policy are: strengthen the cooperation
101   II,     5. 15.  4   |          policies; ensure that common policy guidelines are shared everywhere
102   II,     5. 15.  6   |           national orphan drug review policy. CMAJ. 2006 Jan 17;174(2):
103   II,     6.  3.  5   |              the two-dose vaccination policy, the incidence of measles
104   II,     6.  4.  5   |          agents for the evaluation of policy effectiveness and for the
105   II,     6.  4.  5   |             effectiveness and for the policy design.~ ~· preventive actions
106   II,     7.  1       |             underpinned the mentioned policy documents. Figures are coming
107   II,     7.  1       |             and a survey on available policy tools and guidelines for
108   II,     7.  2       |            specific purposeguiding policy and accounting of services
109   II,     7.  4       |             considered as helpful for policy making. The so calledshort
110   II,     7.  4.  1   |         taking excessive risks. Thus, policy development and implementation
111   II,     7.  4.  2   |              Todd & Skelton 2004, the policy guidelinePriorities for
112   II,     7.  4.  3   |          guide and monitor respective policy actions. Other reports of
113   II,     7.  4.  3   |           Link to the Project:~htt ~ ~Policy recommendations are also
114   II,     7.  4.  5   |              Valuable information for policy makers on the safety of
115   II,     7.  4.  7   |            entry points for searching policy guidance on suicide prevention
116   II,     7.  5       |                                  7.5. Policy and Control Tools~ ~No situation
117   II,     7.  5       |         country in the EU without any policy in some injury area; laws,
118   II,     7.  5       |         measures is vested in diverse policy domains, such as transport,
119   II,     7.  5       |             complementary to existing policy initiatives. Although violence
120   II,     7.  5       |          accepted as a task of health policy making.~ ~The health sector
121   II,     7.  5       |              focal persons network.~· Policy making and planning: National
122   II,     7.  5       |              put injury on the health policy agenda; (ii) to develop
123   II,     7.  5       |     information on good practices and policy actions, and disseminating
124   II,     7.  5       |     collaboration with other relevant policy sectors in Member States
125   II,     7.  5       |          information for advocacy and policy purposes and provide a help
126   II,     7.  5       |            Union” (KfV, 2007).~ ~Also policy tools regardingnational
127   II,     7.  5       |               for information between policy makers, researchers and
128   II,     7.  5       |          releases, “fact sheets” and “policy briefings”, links to other
129   II,     7.  5       |              work.~(ht ~ ~Support for policy makers on the “seven priorities130   II,     7.  6       |        appropriate rank on the health policy agendA. The situation may
131   II,     7.  6       |      potential for prevention through policy action is seriously underestimated.~
132   II,     7.  6       |               prevention is to create policy platforms that are as successful
133   II,     8.  1.  5   |           Communication regarding the policy follow up to the European
134   II,     8.  2.  1   |          peer-reviewed literature and policy documents.~Inclusion of
135   II,     8.  2.  1   |             inadequate.~ ~Policies~EU policy focuses on reduction of
136   II,     8.  2.  1   |          primary purpose of informing policy on equalization of opportunities9.
137   II,     8.  2.  1   |           thus rightfully expect that policy makers at Community level
138   II,     8.  2.  1   |              Disabilities. Journal of Policy & Practice in Intellectual
139   II,     8.  2.  1   |            Pomona Project. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual
140   II,     8.  2.  2   |      Programme on Evidence for Health Policy Discussion Paper No. 36).
141   II,     9.  1.  1   |              cesarean delivery rates: policy and research implications.
142   II,     9.  1.  2   |               status in public health policy.~ ~Within Europe, there
143   II,     9.  1.  2   |              rehabilitative research, policy and services.~ ~
144   II,     9.  1.  2   |             2000-2004, differences in policy and practice regarding prenatal
145   II,     9.  1.  2   |               a failure in preventive policy.~ ~Figure 9.1.2.3. Trends
146   II,     9.  1.  2   |              countries with a similar policy may vary considerably in
147   II,     9.  1.  2   |       cultural differences underlying policy or individual uptake, from
148   II,     9.  1.  2   |              to create an appropriate policy response.~ ~g) Much greater
149   II,     9.  2.  3   |      development delay. Mental health policy concerning children and
150   II,     9.  2.  5   |             children.~ ~Policies~ ~EU policy for children and young people’
151   II,     9.  2.  5   |              adopted under several EC policy areas and with children
152   II,     9.  2.  5   |          Health21, the health for all policy framework for the WHO European
153   II,     9.  2.  5   |               on sound evidence-based policy, and framed according to
154   II,     9.  2.  6   |        transport, environment, social policy and poverty alleviation,
155   II,     9.  2.  7   |         Health21 - The health for all policy framework for the WHO European
156   II,     9.  3.  1   |           lacking a firm research and policy base. For instance, the
157   II,     9.  3.  1   |       imbedding of gender equity into policy and planning. Under the
158   II,     9.  3.  1   |            all research, planning and policy documents must be adhered
159   II,     9.  3.  1   |            and 2025 and some possible policy consequences. British Journal
160   II,     9.  3.  1   |         Europe (2005): Diabetes - The Policy Puzzle: Towards Benchmarking
161   II,     9.  3.  1   |               Men and Gender Equality Policy. Helsinki (2006): 112 pp. (
162   II,     9.  3.  2   |              cesarean delivery rates: policy and research implications.
163   II,     9.  3.  3   |               be reassurance that the policy will be followed through
164   II,     9.  3.  3   |              as differences in public policy. The most important findings
165   II,     9.  3.  3   |               findings have important policy implications and are to
166   II,     9.  3.  3   |              2001/2002 survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents,
167   II,     9.  4.  1   |              poses new challenges for policy makers and the resources
168   II,     9.  4.  1   |           burden).~ ~health promotion policy and health service delivery
169   II,     9.  4.  1   |      environmental and general social policy to ensure that an integrated
170   II,     9.  4.  1   |            objectives of the national policy on healthcare and care for
171   II,     9.  4.  1   |           practice. Public healthcare policy must address individual
172   II,     9.  4.  2   |                 9.4.2. Data sources~ ~Policy makers should not assume
173   II,     9.  4.  2   |              a response to demands by policy makers and scientists for
174   II,     9.  4.  5   |             It is also important that policy is developed to ensure that
175   II,     9.  4.  5   |              A positive public health policy for Europe would aim at
176   II,     9.  4.  5   |            capital. The aim of health policy in this regard should be
177   II,     9.  4.  5   |                should be an important policy objective in the design
178   II,     9.  4.  5   |         evidence base may help inform policy solutions. Targeted actions
179   II,     9.  4.  5   |                 The WHO Active Ageing Policy Framework; and~· The United
180   II,     9.  4.  5   |              for the co-ordination of policy through a process of policy
181   II,     9.  4.  5   |           policy through a process of policy exchanges and mutual learning
182   II,     9.  4.  5   |              an important part of the policy rhetoric in all European
183   II,     9.  5.  2   |       development of gender sensitive policy;~- Provide a basis for actions
184   II,     9.  5.  4   |             for future European Union policy to support research.~ Reference
185   II,     9.  5.  4   |             2005 :10/08/2006Social Policy Agenda for the period 2006-
186   II,     9.  5.  4   |            International Influence on Policy~ ~The WHO Global Campaign
187   II,     9.  5.  4   |               violence.~International policy on intimate partner violence
188   II,     9.  5.  4   |     inequalities~ ~The most effective policy for improving the rights
189   II,     9.  5.  4   |               for use in planning and policy development at EU level.~ ~
190   II,     9.  5.  4   |             and amendment of pre-2006 policy documents to include gender
191   II,     9.  5.  4   |             Community’s public health policy hasn’t so far taken men’
192   II,     9.  5.  4   |             of integration into other policy areas seen at EU level.
193   II,     9.  5.  4   |              developed guidelines for policy development at national
194   II,     9.  5.  4   |             levels including national policy documents in England and
195   II,     9.  5.  4   |           national and European level policy documents could be subjected
196   II,     9.  5.  4   |          embedding gender equity into policy and planning. Much work
197   II,     9.  5.  4   |             of the context in which a policy will be operating would
198   II,     9.  5.  4   |               became a prime focus in policy development across the EU.~ ~
199   II,     9.  5.  4   |        classifications. It called for policy monitoring to be supported
200   II,     9.  5.  5   |        equality and women’s health.~ ~Policy focus on improving men's
201   II,     9.  5.  6   |    Interpersonal violence and alcohol policy briefing. Undated.~Available
202  III,    10.  1       |     particularly important for health policy interventions. Associations
203  III,    10.  1.  2   |       translated into (public) health policy and practice and, consequently,
204  III,    10.  2.  1   |         provide the legal base for EU policy and action in the area of
205  III,    10.  2.  1   |              the effectiveness of six policy measures that can be implemented
206  III,    10.  2.  1   |         measures is most effective.~ ~Policy makers can therefore build
207  III,    10.  2.  1   |         therefore build on a range of policy options that have been proven
208  III,    10.  2.  1   |           tobacco taxes should be the policy at EU and Member State levels.
209  III,    10.  2.  1   |              effectiveness of the six policy measures that can be implemented
210  III,    10.  2.  1   |              L (2003): European Union policy on smokeless tobacco: a
211  III,    10.  2.  1   |                Acronyms~ ~APN~Alcohol Policy Network~BAC~Blood Alcohol
212  III,    10.  2.  1   |            the members of the Alcohol Policy Network (APN), co-financed
213  III,    10.  2.  1   |              by European and domestic policy to reduce the harm done
214  III,    10.  2.  1   |      immediate effects. From a public policy perspective, it is the long
215  III,    10.  2.  1   |            strategy in a liberalizing policy environment failed to deter
216  III,    10.  2.  1   |                    EUROCAREAlcohol Policy Network in the Context of
217  III,    10.  2.  1   |        Commodity. Research and Public Policy. Oxford, Oxford Medical
218  III,    10.  2.  1   |              Implications for Alcohol Policy. 10th meeting of national
219  III,    10.  2.  1   |              counterparts for alcohol policy in the WHO European Region,
220  III,    10.  2.  1   |         drug-related offences, etc.), policy and legal frameworks etc.4~ ~
221  III,    10.  2.  1   |           These booklets reach out to policy makers with strong advocacy
222  III,    10.  2.  1   |         advocacy messages and address policy makers to raise awareness
223  III,    10.  2.  1   |           physical activity-promoting policy and action, as part of a
224  III,    10.  2.  1   |              are included in national policy and action as local level
225  III,    10.  2.  1   |           London, Institute of Public Policy Research, Central Books.~ ~
226  III,    10.  2.  1   |          Europe, 2004: 53161 (Health Policy for Children and Adolescents,
227  III,    10.  2.  1   |               CAP~Common Agricultural Policy~CMO~Common Market Organisation~
228  III,    10.  2.  1   |       information for use in national policy and are central in nutritional
229  III,    10.  2.  1   |           Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy 2007-2012 (2007) (WHO Regional
230  III,    10.  2.  1   |       comprehensive assessment of the policy developments on nutrition,
231  III,    10.  2.  1   |              a plausible element of a policy to counteract obesity. Macroeconomic
232  III,    10.  2.  1   |               effects of a project or policy at national level, which
233  III,    10.  2.  1   |              be incorporated in every policy measure. Obesity urgently
234  III,    10.  2.  1   |          reformed Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). One of the objectives
235  III,    10.  2.  1   |           Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy are as follows (WHO Regional
236  III,    10.  2.  1   |       exercise.~ ~Future research and policy changes should moreover
237  III,    10.  2.  1   |             Office for Europe (Health Policy for Children and Adolescents,
238  III,    10.  2.  1   |            European Centre for Health Policy; Copenhagen, World Health
239  III,    10.  2.  1   |         prevention of obesity: recent policy developments in the WHO
240  III,    10.  2.  1   |           Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy 2007-2012. Copenhagen, World
241  III,    10.  2.  4   |           health care sector and on a policy level across Europe and
242  III,    10.  2.  4   |          cancer. Health care systems, policy makers and industries are
243  III,    10.  2.  4   |           information sources provide policy makers and researchers with
244  III,    10.  2.  4   |               drugs as physicians and policy makers are empowered to
245  III,    10.  2.  4   |                In order to make sound policy judgements, Public Health
246  III,    10.  2.  4   |              and the OECD have set up policy statements and guidelines
247  III,    10.  2.  4   |            are addressing the special policy needs of rare diseases;
248  III,    10.  2.  4   |         currently drafting a European policy perspective which addresses
249  III,    10.  2.  4   |             into account the two main policy frames in the field. The
250  III,    10.  2.  4   |               Public Health research, policy and practice will be one
251  III,    10.  2.  4   |             social, and environmental policy goals, and to assure that
252  III,    10.  2.  4   |          health (Brand et al., 2006). Policy must find an acceptable
253  III,    10.  2.  4   |           health care sector and on a policy level across Europe and
254  III,    10.  2.  4   |               Public Health Research, Policy and Practices in Europe
255  III,    10.  3.  1   |           remains a top environmental policy priority. While it has been
256  III,    10.  3.  1   |         premature to discuss possible policy actions and tools. The fact
257  III,    10.  3.  1   |           Green Paper on Future Noise Policy (COM(96) 540) adopted in
258  III,    10.  3.  1   |            the development of a noise policy with the aim that no person
259  III,    10.  3.  1   |               overarching environment policy directives:~· Monitoring
260  III,    10.  3.  1   |               great opportunities for policy development, as well as
261  III,    10.  3.  2   |               not exceeded. Important policy work on mercury has been
262  III,    10.  3.  2   |              Chemicals. It provides a policy framework to support the
263  III,    10.  3.  4   |            more effective control and policy tools.~ ~Table 10.3.4.1.
264  III,    10.  3.  4   |         substantial benefits on other policy domains such as air quality,
265  III,    10.  4.  1   |              require efforts in other policy areas, in particular in
266  III,    10.  4.  1   |               or coal stoves.~ ~A new policy to reduce emissions of acid
267  III,    10.  4.  1   |              require efforts in other policy areas, in particular in
268  III,    10.  4.  1   |                Air quality protection policy of South-eastern European
269  III,    10.  4.  1   |               Science for Environment Policy. DG Environment News Alert.
270  III,    10.  4.  2   |          principle for EU food safety policy.~ ~The GFL aims at harmonising
271  III,    10.  4.  2   |               the process of weighing policy alternatives in the light
272  III,    10.  4.  2   |        applying a transparent hygiene policy to all food and feed operators;~·
273  III,    10.  4.  2   |             problem, due to~admission policy~Admission policy~WHO, 200a;
274  III,    10.  4.  2   |            admission policy~Admission policy~WHO, 200a; Barlow et al.,~
275  III,    10.  4.  2   |                pineapple)~ ~Admission policy, ‘Good~Agricultural Practice’,~
276  III,    10.  4.  2   |            regulations~N.A.~Admission policy;~monitoring by random~sampling~ ~
277  III,    10.  4.  2   |         promote food safety among its policy priorities during the following
278  III,    10.  4.  3   |        Directive provides a long-term policy basis for water management
279  III,    10.  4.  4   |              Valuable information for policy makers on the safety of
280  III,    10.  4.  5   |             growth is the predominant policy goal right across Europe,
281  III,    10.  4.  5   |       management: scientific data and policy optionsavailable on http ~ ~
282  III,    10.  4.  5   |       important first step in EU soil policy. This strategy was adopted
283  III,    10.  4.  5   |        policies. HIA can be done at a policy, program or project level,
284  III,    10.  4.  5   |       management: scientific data and policy options. Report of a Who
285  III,    10.  5.  1   |             settlements, a variety of policy tools has been developed.~ ~
286  III,    10.  5.  1   |             settlements, a variety of policy tools has been developed
287  III,    10.  5.  1   |           There is a striking lack of policy tools in relation to smaller
288  III,    10.  5.  1   |               human settlements.~Most policy tools have been developed
289  III,    10.  5.  1   |           transport, etc.). A list of policy tools is given here below:~ ~
290  III,    10.  5.  1   |          people’s health and that the policy decisions can have a positive
291  III,    10.  5.  1   |           Green Paper on future noise policy. Communication COM(96)540final.~
292  III,    10.  5.  2   |               seems to be no European policy tools that directly focus
293  III,    10.  5.  2   |              part of general European policy and regional development
294  III,    10.  5.  2   |              and regional integration policy tools and community initiative
295  III,    10.  5.  3   |       beginning to be reflected in EU policy; indeed, the EU Commission
296  III,    10.  5.  3   |               fields in public health policy. However, working life issues
297  III,    10.  5.  3   |               can serve as a tool for policy implementation. However,
298  III,    10.  5.  3   |              Against this backdrop, a policy cycle-model of work-related
299  III,    10.  5.  3   |              the context of the wider policy environment (Kreis and Boedeker,
300  III,    10.  5.  3   |              on national and European policy level. This complicates
301  III,    10.  5.  3   |      objectives: devise and implement policy instruments on workers’
302  III,    10.  5.  3   |             different professions and policy fields.~Decision makers
303  III,    10.  5.  3   |         directly linked to the Social Policy Agenda, calls for action
304  III,    10.  5.  3   |           effective. UK’s work safety policy is mainly based on the 10
305  III,    10.  5.  3   |            starting point for action, policy makers should bear in mind
306  III,    10.  5.  3   |               an integral part of all policy fields~- recognising the
307  III,    10.  5.  3   |      intrinsic job quality~- ensuring policy evaluation by collecting
308  III,    10.  5.  3   |             Health - New Evidence and Policy Implications (pp. 73-100).
309  III,    10.  6.  1   |   epidemiological research and health policy making. Social networks
310  III,    10.  6.  1   |              for Europe, 2008 (Health Policy for Children and Adolescents,
311  III,    10.  6.  2   |           health,. This evidence puts policy makers before a challenge.
312  III,    10.  6.  2   |              level this involves many policy areas including:~ ~· Economic,
313  III,    10.  6.  2   |       Economic, employment and social policy - through the Lisbon process
314  III,    10.  6.  2   |          social inclusion.~· Regional Policy - to support the economies
315  III,    10.  6.  2   |             the Swedish public health policy established in 2003 is to
316  III,    10.  6.  2   |            fundamental part of social policy. Since public health concerns
317  III,    10.  6.  2   |             The Swedish public health policy is based on eleven objectives
318  III,    10.  6.  2   |   responsibility for implementing the policy is divided among different
319  III,    10.  6.  2   |           long term horizontal health policy. While the health sector
320  III,    10.  6.  2   |              evidence base for future policy developments.~ ~ Work: ‘
321  III,    10.  6.  2   |               based approaches across policy sectors in the EU and its
322  III,    10.  6.  2   |      conceptions and approaches among policy makers and practitioners,
323  III,    10.  6.  2   |          practitioners, so that other policy sectors can take the issues
324  III,    10.  6.  2   |         consideration when developing policy.~ ~
325   IV,    11.  1.  3   |            international and national policy agendas. Constantly increasing
326   IV,    11.  1.  3   |          physicians, depending on the policy objectives in different
327   IV,    11.  1.  3   |         rankings may be popular among policy makers, those based on a
328   IV,    11.  1.  5   |           criteria: impact on health, policy importance and susceptibility
329   IV,    11.  1.  5   |           point of much attention for policy makers, medical professional
330   IV,    11.  1.  6   |        whether these are in line with policy objectives. A DRG system
331   IV,    11.  2.  2   |        despite increased attention at policy level and development of
332   IV,    11.  2.  2   |             the area of public health policy in Europe is the relative
333   IV,    11.  2.  2   |           lack of evidence to support policy decisions and evaluate the
334   IV,    11.  2.  2   |               health to better inform policy makers (Kelly et al, 2005).
335   IV,    11.  3.  2   |      Pharmaceuticals~ ~Pharmaceutical policy varies across European countries
336   IV,    11.  3.  2   |            the balance between health policy and industrial policy objectives.
337   IV,    11.  3.  2   |          health policy and industrial policy objectives. On the one hand,
338   IV,    11.  3.  2   |     governments want to secure health policy objectives in order to protect
339   IV,    11.  3.  2   |            other hand, the industrial policy seeks to promote research
340   IV,    11.  3.  2   |            1990-2005~ ~Pharmaceutical policy consists of a wide range
341   IV,    11.  3.  2   |            company and the payer, and policy decisions regarding cost-sharing
342   IV,    11.  3.  2   |  multi-sourced product. However, this policy is contingent on the pharmacists
343   IV,    11.  4       |            multidisciplinary field of policy analysis. It studies the
344   IV,    11.  4       |               best value. Despite its policy goals, HTA must always be
345   IV,    11.  4       |           point in questions from the policy world and base their work
346   IV,    11.  4       |          reporting is fed back to the policy world to inform specific
347   IV,    11.  4       |            sources of information for policy. Policy-makers also make
348   IV,    11.  4       |              may reflect the specific policy setting that HTA is informing
349   IV,    11.  4       |             timely HTA information to policy processes which can sometimes
350   IV,    11.  4       |           increasingly used in formal policy processes across Europe.
351   IV,    11.  4       |               underlined, HTA informs policy and does not define policies
352   IV,    11.  5.  5   |             science and public health policy. The role of the EU should
353   IV,    11.  5.  6   |                               11.5.6. Policy tools~ ~European Commission~ ~
354   IV,    11.  5.  6   |             of initiatives in various policy areas.~· The Health and
355   IV,    11.  6.  2(4)|             do not contribute or as a policy of mixed finance. Therefore,
356   IV,    11.  6.  2   |              of minimum benefits. The policy goals of the new legislation
357   IV,    11.  6.  4   |               mechanisms and roles in policy formulation.~ ~While HTA
358   IV,    11.  6.  5   |          example of Bulgaria." Health Policy 62: 243-273.~ ~Barer ML,
359   IV,    11.  6.  5   |       payments and patient charges as policy tools for cost-containment:
360   IV,    11.  6.  5   |          Redistributive Aim of Social Policy: a Comparative Analysis
361   IV,    11.  6.  5   |              care in eight countries. Policy brief. European Observatory
362   IV,    11.  6.  5   |            Bremen:, Centre for Social Policy Research, University of
363   IV,    11.  6.  5   |                Screening in Europe: A policy brief. Copenhagen, WHO on
364   IV,    11.  6.  5   |          Health Services Research and Policy 4(2): 122-6.~ ~Kelley E,
365   IV,    11.  6.  5   |          Health Services Research and Policy 3(1): 23-30.~ ~Klazinga
366   IV,    11.  6.  5   |              mental health in Europe. Policy Brief. Copenhagen, WHO Regional
367   IV,    11.  6.  5   |             and community-based care. Policy brief. European Observatory
368   IV,    11.  6.  5   |               M (1999): Public Health Policy in the European Community.
369   IV,    11.  6.  5   |          health care systems." Health Policy 56(3): 235-50.~ ~Phillips
370   IV,    11.  6.  5   |               OECD countries." Health Policy 69(1): 55-72.~ ~Rice N,
371   IV,    11.  6.  5   |            Journal of Social Security Policy 3(2): 80-95.~ ~Sorenson
372   IV,    11.  6.  5   |          Health Services Research and Policy 6: 145-50.~ ~Starfield B,
373   IV,    11.  6.  5   |           European countries." Health Policy 65: 75-98.~ ~van Doorslaer
374   IV,    12           |                 12. INSTITUTIONAL AND POLICY DEVELOPMENTS AT EU AND MEMBER
375   IV,    12.  1       |           number of institutional and policy developments have taken
376   IV,    12.  1       |              of public health related policy, it maintained the “subsidiarity
377   IV,    12.  1       |          concerning common commercial policy, stating that health services~“…
378   IV,    12.  1       |               Art. 174 (1) “Community policy on the environment shall
379   IV,    12.  1       |                 Directorate~General~ ~Policy area~Initiative or~legislation~
380   IV,    12.  1       |      Information~Society~Audio visual~policy~Television Without~Frontiers~
381   IV,    12.  1       |            information technology and policy related research.~ ~Environment ~
382   IV,    12.  1       |            Environment ~Environmental~policy~European Environment~and
383   IV,    12.  1       |               the Common Agricultural Policy (food safety, animal and
384   IV,    12.  2       |    stakeholders' group and the Health Policy Forum, the European Commission
385   IV,    12.  2       |       guidelines and networks as well policy instruments such as strategies
386   IV,    12.  2       |        provides deep consideration to policy and control tools devised
387   IV,    12.  2       |           rate. Planners examined the policy and environmental factors
388   IV,    12.  2       |              276th Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs
389   IV,    12.  2       |              IDF Europe/FEND Diabetes Policy Puzzle, 2005) EU Member
390   IV,    12.  2       |               of actions in different policy sectors;~- Open up a platform
391   IV,    12.  2       |               the form of Diabetes EU policy;~- the International Diabetes
392   IV,    12.  2       |               the paperDiabetes: EU Policy Recommendations” as on input
393   IV,    12.  2       |         provide the legal base for EU policy and action in the area of
394   IV,    12.  2       |              by European and domestic policy to reduce the harm done
395   IV,    12.  2       |      immediate effects. From a public policy perspective, it is the long
396   IV,    12.  2       |            strategy in a liberalizing policy environment failed to deter
397   IV,    12.  2       |          setting. ~ ~Relevant alcohol policy documents~ ~· Television
398   IV,    12.  2       |                    EUROCAREAlcohol Policy Network in the Context of
399   IV,    12.  3       |             taken into account during policy formulation.~ ~· more in-depth
400   IV,    12.  4       |              in EC and EU development policy, ACP country and regional~
401   IV,    12.  4       |            Illegal Drugs; Immigration policy and integration, protection
402   IV,    12.  4       |               products~REGIO~Regional Policy actions to support health
403   IV,    12.  4       |             actions to support health policy, including through 'Regions~
404   IV,    12.  4       |               Public health, consumer policy, food safety, animal health~ ~
405   IV,    12.  4       |              health~ ~SG~Coordination policy on Biotech and sustainable
406   IV,    12.  4       |       sustainable development~ ~TAXUD~Policy on enforcement to combat
407   IV,    12.  4       |       relevant information for health policy makers (Table 12.7). Working
408   IV,    12.  4       |               reliable information to policy making agents and the public.~
409   IV,    12.  4       |             in the field of EC social policy on the basis of comparative
410   IV,    12.  4       |              programme~REGIO~Regional Policy programmes co-financed with
411   IV,    12.  4       |              in the field of consumer policy (2007-2013)~Council Decision
412   IV,    12.  5       |             Community’s public health policy under Article 152 of the
413   IV,    12.  5       |            citizens, stakeholders and policy makers, develop consultation
414   IV,    12.  5       |                health care and health policy. Due to its fundamental
415   IV,    12.  5       |          provide material for further policy developments. As they are
416   IV,    12.  6       |              at an early stage of the policy process. It also intends
417   IV,    12.  6       |               structure:~ ~· a health policy forum, with a membership
418   IV,    12.  6       |          invitation. It discusses key policy areas and is, together with
419   IV,    12.  6       |               of organizations in the Policy Forum: (i) non-governmental
420   IV,    12.  7       |            impact assessment cube”; a policy assessment of the Community
421   IV,    12.  7       |           assessment of the Community policy on social Policy, Education,
422   IV,    12.  7       |            Community policy on social Policy, Education, Vocational Training
423   IV,    12.  7       |         during the development of the policy assessments. The next steps
424   IV,    12.  8       |            primary focus of EU health policy is the protection and promotion
425   IV,    12. 10       |                                12.10. Policy developments in Member States~ ~
426   IV,    12. 10       |               Public Health web site. Policy documents adopted by selected
427   IV,    12. 10       |          strategies for public health policy of the Government of Denmark,
428   IV,    12. 10       |          strategies for public health policy of the Government of Denmark,
429   IV,    12. 10       |          strategies for public health policy of the Government of Denmark,
430   IV,    12. 10       |          strategies for public health policy of the Government of Denmark,
431   IV,    12. 10       |            consumption~High priority, policy mix approach according to
432   IV,    12. 10       |          Action Plan (2003) specifies policy targets and measures, many
433   IV,    12. 10       |        Security. Legislation and drug policy are as well part of federal
434   IV,    12. 10       |               key to waste management policy in Germany. Through this
435   IV,    12. 10       |              in the process of health policy making on both national
436   IV,    12. 10       |            health reports, addressing policy makers as well as other
437   IV,    12. 10       |            1999 & 2001).~Tobacco Free Policy Review Group established (
438   IV,    12. 10       |           High~ ~A National Nutrition Policy will be published later
439   IV,    12. 10       |         across a number of Government~policy areas, including health,
440   IV,    12. 10       |           will publish a Men's Health Policy later this year.~ ~Work-related
441   IV,    12. 10       |         Expert Group on Mental Health Policy~http://www.dohc.ie/publications/
442   IV,    12. 10       |              to focus more clearly on policy, legislative and oversight
443   IV,    12. 10       |              health services~Some Key Policy /Service Developments are
444   IV,    12. 10       |                 Setting the strategic policy direction for services for
445   IV,    12. 10       |                  Primary Care~Current policy provides for the expansion
446   IV,    12. 10       |            Control~http df~Government policy is to implement ‘A Strategy
447   IV,    12. 10       |           legislation, and places the policy of mainstreaming of services
448   IV,    12. 10       |            for Change, a new National Policy Framework for the mental
449   IV,    12. 10       |             in January 2006. National policy is to develop mental health
450   IV,    12. 10       |               met.~ ~Current national policy is to develop appropriate
451   IV,    12. 10       |               Committee for Nutrition Policy.~ ~Ministerial Decision
452   IV,    12. 10       |            not only for public health policy but also for the eHealth
453   IV,    12. 10       |               frame for public health policy in Greece. According to
454   IV,    12. 10       |               Law about public health policy~Article 30 banning food
455   IV,    12. 10       |            Law~ ~ Framework of Sports Policy, 20042009~ ~ Special
456   IV,    12. 10       |                National Environmental Policy Plan, 2004 - 2008~Air pollution~
457   IV,    12. 10       |        Quality~National Environmental Policy Plan, 20042008~ ~Special
458   IV,    12. 10       |                National Environmental Policy Plan, 2004 - 2008~ ~Special
459   IV,    12. 10       |          field~National Environmental Policy Plan, 2004 - 2008~Use of
460   IV,    12. 10       |          field~National Environmental Policy Plan, 2004 - 2008~Food safety~
461   IV,    12. 10       |          field~National Environmental Policy Plan, 20042008~ ~Special
462   IV,    12. 10       | gendermainstream in Portuguese health policy. Recently, Directorate-General
463   IV,    12. 10       |               Law about public health policy, implementation norms for
464   IV,    12. 10       |              the Parliament in 2009. ~Policy programme on health promotion~
465   IV,    12. 10       |             that it would establish a policy programme on health promotion.
466   IV,    12. 10       |         structures. ~ ~As part of the policy programme there will be
467   IV,    12. 10       |             determinants~ ~Government policy is divided into 47 policy
468   IV,    12. 10       |             policy is divided into 47 policy areas, 31 of which (66%),
469   IV,    12. 10       |          public health. Half of these policy areas, 16 of them, are more
470   IV,    12. 10       |           public health issues. These policy areas concern public health
471   IV,    12. 10       |               1-5.~ ~Most of these 16 policy areas are also linked to
472   IV,    12. 10       |         objective domain and relevant policy areas in which interventions
473   IV,    12. 10       |               plans are linked to the policy areas but these are not
474   IV,    12. 10       |               Domain of objective and policy areas~Tobacco use~Self-reported
475   IV,    12. 10       |          objective 11~ ~Public health policy~Health and medical care
476   IV,    12. 10       |               Health and medical care policy~Education policy~Agriculture
477   IV,    12. 10       |         medical care policy~Education policy~Agriculture policy~Taxes,
478   IV,    12. 10       |          Education policy~Agriculture policy~Taxes, customs and enforcement
479   IV,    12. 10       |               customs and enforcement policy Youth policy~Harmful alcohol
480   IV,    12. 10       |              enforcement policy Youth policy~Harmful alcohol consumption~
481   IV,    12. 10       |          objective 11~ ~Public health policy~Health and medical care
482   IV,    12. 10       |               Health and medical care policy~Social service policy~Justice
483   IV,    12. 10       |            care policy~Social service policy~Justice policy~Taxes, customs
484   IV,    12. 10       |         Social service policy~Justice policy~Taxes, customs and enforcement
485   IV,    12. 10       |               customs and enforcement policy Transport policy~Education
486   IV,    12. 10       |          enforcement policy Transport policy~Education policy~Consumer
487   IV,    12. 10       |            Transport policy~Education policy~Consumer policy~Youth policy~
488   IV,    12. 10       |             Education policy~Consumer policy~Youth policy~Agriculture
489   IV,    12. 10       |          policy~Consumer policy~Youth policy~Agriculture policy~Good
490   IV,    12. 10       |              Youth policy~Agriculture policy~Good dietary habits~Fruit/
491   IV,    12. 10       |         Domain of objective 10~ ~Food policy~Public health policy~Health
492   IV,    12. 10       |             Food policy~Public health policy~Health and medical care
493   IV,    12. 10       |               Health and medical care policy~Education policy~Consumer
494   IV,    12. 10       |         medical care policy~Education policy~Consumer policy~Youth policy~
495   IV,    12. 10       |             Education policy~Consumer policy~Youth policy~Child policy~
496   IV,    12. 10       |          policy~Consumer policy~Youth policy~Child policy~Energy balance~
497   IV,    12. 10       |             policy~Youth policy~Child policy~Energy balance~Proportion
498   IV,    12. 10       |          objective 10~ ~Public health policy~Health and medical care
499   IV,    12. 10       |               Health and medical care policy~Food policy~Consumer policy~
500   IV,    12. 10       |              medical care policy~Food policy~Consumer policy~Taxes policy~