1-500 | 501-512
    Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  5        |            for workplace health and safety. They can affect the type
  2    I,     2.  5        |             of workplace health and safety. The use of subcontractors,
  3    I,     2.  5        |           site (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2002).~
  4    I,     2.  5        |             occupational health and safety hazards still constitute
  5    I,     2.  5.  0(2) |                 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. Research
  6    I,     2.  5.  0(2) |        Implications on occupational safety and health in some Member
  7    I,     2.  5        |            is needed for health and safety issues because of muscular-skeletal
  8    I,     2.  5        |             that written health and safety notices are important but
  9    I,     2.  5        |        market puts their health and safety at increased risk, in comparison
 10    I,     2.  5        |           home (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2006).~
 11    I,     2.  5        |          also affect the health and safety management process. As the
 12    I,     2.  5        |    knowledge to deal with workplace safety issues.~ ~Increasing work
 13    I,     2.  5        |             on workplace health and safety. It is clear that public
 14    I,     2.  8        |             occupational health and safety practices, measures of control
 15    I,     2. 10.  4(8) |     Creation of a better medication safety culture in Europe. Building
 16    I,     2. 10.  4    |             likely to incur patient safety incidents, which may cost
 17    I,     2. 10.  4(21)|     Creation of a better medication safety culture in Europe: Building
 18    I,     2. 11        |         2008_4]~European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2002):
 19    I,     2. 11        |        Implications on occupational safety and health in some Member
 20    I,     2. 11        |                 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2006).
 21    I,     2. 11        |       Implications for Occupational Safety and Health. htt m (accessed
 22    I,     2. 11        |            627.~NIOSH (2006): NIOSH Safety and Health Topic: Nanotechnology. htt ch~
 23   II,     5.  2.  6    |             health, nutrition, food safety and food security goals
 24   II,     5.  2.  6    |        improving nutrition and food safety in early life, ensuring
 25   II,     5.  2.  6    |    strengthening nutrition and food safety in the health sector, and
 26   II,     5.  2.  6    |  Collaborators (2005). Efficacy and safety of cholesterol-lowering
 27   II,     5.  5.  3    |             and a social protection safety net to respond effectively
 28   II,     5. 10.Acr    |           Survey~EFSA~European Food safety Authority~EU~European Union~
 29   II,     5. 10.  2    |             Bioinformatics for Food Safety (BIFS)~htt tm~Central Science
 30   II,     5. 10.  5    |       opinions of the European Food safety Authority (EFSA) on each
 31   II,     5. 10.  7    |              1114.~ ~European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (2004):
 32   II,     6.  3.  6    |            with veterinary and food safety authorities. At EU level,
 33   II,     7.Acr        |        Transport~ERSO~European Road Safety Observatory~ESAW~European
 34   II,     7.Acr        |           for Injury Prevention and Safety Prevention~EuroStat~Statistical
 35   II,     7.Acr        |   Verkehrssicherheit (Austrian Road Safety Board)~OECD~Organisation
 36   II,     7.Acr        |         Development~PROSAFE~Product Safety Enforcement Forum~QALY~Quality
 37   II,     7.  1        | surveillance, injury prevention and safety promotion:~ ~In 2005 the
 38   II,     7.  1        |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion based on the conclusions
 39   II,     7.  1        |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2008).~ ~This
 40   II,     7.  1        |           electric home appliances, safety labels) and services (e.g.
 41   II,     7.  1        |          through media and targeted safety education is almost impossible
 42   II,     7.  1        |       traffic, employment, consumer safety, housing, welfare, police
 43   II,     7.  1        |           expected.~ ~Although many safety actions are known as effective,
 44   II,     7.  1        |            and sport accidents, and safety of elderly citizens.~ ~This
 45   II,     7.  2.  3    |          identify and quantify road safety problems throughout the
 46   II,     7.  2.  3    |     evaluate the efficiency of road safety measures, determine the
 47   II,     7.  2.  5    | developments in the area of traffic safety.~ ~IRTAD is now overseen
 48   II,     7.  2.  5    |        framework of a European Road Safety Observatory, which will
 49   II,     7.  2.  5    |          the primary focus for road safety data and knowledge. htt ~ ~
 50   II,     7.  2.  9    |           for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion) are the first
 51   II,     7.  3.  4    |             health sector, consumer safety, social welfare, etc.).
 52   II,     7.  3.  4    |      sectors of work place and road safety with the horizontal WHO
 53   II,     7.  3.  4    |          and quantification of road safety problems throughout the
 54   II,     7.  3.  4    |           of work place and traffic safety institutions (Figure 7.11).~ ~ ~
 55   II,     7.  4.  1    |                              7.4.1. Safety of children and adolescents~ ~
 56   II,     7.  4.  1    |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2008).~ ~Figure
 57   II,     7.  4.  1    |    poisoning, drowning), playground safety and safety of child products,
 58   II,     7.  4.  1    |               playground safety and safety of child products, the usage
 59   II,     7.  4.  1    |     children.~ ~The “European Child Safety Alliance” (ww g) is propelling
 60   II,     7.  4.  1    |      national action plans on child safety (MacKay & Vincenten, 2007);
 61   II,     7.  4.  1    |         Link to the project:~htt ~ ~Safety of adolescents~Regarding
 62   II,     7.  4.  2    |                              7.4.2. Safety of elderly citizens~ ~The
 63   II,     7.  4.  2    |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2008).~ ~As the
 64   II,     7.  4.  2    |         projects are to support the safety of senior citizens, in particular
 65   II,     7.  4.  2    |              Priorities for elderly safety in Europe” (EUNESE, 2006a),
 66   II,     7.  4.  2    |            2006b).~ ~Actions on the safety of elderly citizens should
 67   II,     7.  4.  3    |                              7.4.3. Safety of vulnerable road users~ ~
 68   II,     7.  4.  3    |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2008). Almost
 69   II,     7.  4.  3    |                In the field of road safety elaborated systems for the
 70   II,     7.  4.  3    |      systems for the improvement of safety are in place: legislation,
 71   II,     7.  4.  3    |        Considerable improvements to safety have been achieved in the
 72   II,     7.  4.  3    |              Informative sources on safety of vulnerable road users (
 73   II,     7.  4.  3    |       gateways of the European Road Safety Observatory (ERSO) www eu
 74   II,     7.  4.  3    |           by the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) www ~ ~Consequently,
 75   II,     7.  4.  4    |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2008).~ ~Figure
 76   II,     7.  4.  4    |           is closely linked to the “safety of children and adolescents”
 77   II,     7.  4.  4    |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2008).~ ~A recent
 78   II,     7.  4.  4    |        sports is the project namedSafety in sports – safety management
 79   II,     7.  4.  4    |           named “Safety in sportssafety management for high risk
 80   II,     7.  4.  5    |          high standards of consumer safety in is one prerequisite of
 81   II,     7.  4.  5    |           of the single market. The safety of non-food consumer products
 82   II,     7.  4.  5    | complemented by the General Product Safety Directive (European Parliament
 83   II,     7.  4.  5    |          the importance of consumer safety to become involved in injury
 84   II,     7.  4.  5    |           protection in the area of safety of products and services.~ ~
 85   II,     7.  4.  5    |          continuous improvements in safety and reduction of injuries
 86   II,     7.  4.  5    |            for policy makers on the safety of products and services
 87   II,     7.  4.  5    |                     and the Product Safety Enforcement Forum (PROSAFE) www ~ ~
 88   II,     7.  5        |            opportunities to improve safety. In contrast to many other
 89   II,     7.  5        |           for fire prevention, work safety, traffic safety, and consumer
 90   II,     7.  5        |    prevention, work safety, traffic safety, and consumer safety are
 91   II,     7.  5        |        traffic safety, and consumer safety are in place in all Member
 92   II,     7.  5        |           are less well covered are safety at home, safety in sports
 93   II,     7.  5        |         covered are safety at home, safety in sports or during leisure
 94   II,     7.  5        |     responsibility for implementing safety measures is vested in diverse
 95   II,     7.  5        |         injury and the promotion of safety” on May 31, 2007 (Council
 96   II,     7.  5        |         paid to product and service safety.~Set up national action
 97   II,     7.  5        |           for injury prevention and safety promotion: these measures
 98   II,     7.  5        |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2008). This document
 99   II,     7.  5        |           for Injury Prevention and Safety PromotionEuroSafe”. EuroSafe
100   II,     7.  5        |         journal (Injury Control and Safety Promotion) and organizes
101   II,     7.  5        |           for Injury Prevention and Safety EUROSAFE offers a knowledge
102   II,     7.  6        |           injury risk and access to safety remain a major challenge,
103   II,     7.  6        |           make it easier to put the safety needs of vulnerable, but
104   II,     7.  6        |          trainings; improving child safety, safety of elderly, product
105   II,     7.  6        |             improving child safety, safety of elderly, product and
106   II,     7.  6        |        elderly, product and service safety. Additional measures are
107   II,     7.  6        |             being developed for the safety of adolescents, prevention
108   II,     7.  6        |   adolescents, prevention of falls, safety of vulnerable road users,
109   II,     7.  6        |    vulnerable road users, and sport safety. Ther is still much room
110   II,     7.  7        |         injury and the promotion of safety. Official Journal of the
111   II,     7.  7        |                European Network for Safety among Elderly (EUNESE) (
112   II,     7.  7        |              Priorities for elderly safety in Europe. Agenda for action.
113   II,     7.  7        |                European Network for Safety among Elderly (EUNESE) (
114   II,     7.  7        |          Council on general product safety (CELEX-Nr. 32001L0095).~ ~
115   II,     7.  7        |         2005. Vienna: Austrian Road Safety Board.~ ~MacKay M, Vincenten
116   II,     7.  7        |              Towner L (2006): Child Safety Good Practice Guide: Good
117   II,     7.  7        |  investments in unintentional child safety prevention and safety promotion.
118   II,     7.  7        |         child safety prevention and safety promotion. Amsterdam, European
119   II,     7.  7        |           Amsterdam, European Child Safety Alliance, EuroSafe.~ ~MacKay
120   II,     7.  7        |           Vincenten J (2007): Child Safety Summary Report Card for
121   II,     7.  7        |         Countries. Amsterdam, Child Safety Alliance, EuroSafe.~ ~World
122   II,     7.  7        |            on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion (2008): How to
123   II,     9.  1        |         health, namely: to maximise safety for mothers and babies,
124   II,     9.  2.  1    |        initiatives to address child safety issues in Europe are being
125   II,     9.  2.  1    |         taken by the European Child Safety Alliance (www ), and in
126   II,     9.  2.  1    |         through the EU-funded Child Safety Action Plans project (ECSA,
127   II,     9.  2.  1    |          environmental and physical safety, and is endorsed by all
128   II,     9.  2.  2    |          questionsperceptions of safety of hospital services is
129   II,     9.  2.  5    |         children in armed conflict, safety of toys and the paediatric
130   II,     9.  2.  6    |      obesity, and projects on child safety and perinatal health. Given
131   II,     9.  2.  7    |      Brussels~ ~European Agency for Safety and Health at Work: Young
132   II,     9.  2.  7    |           at:~htt ~ ~European Child Safety Alliance (2008): Child Safety
133   II,     9.  2.  7    |       Safety Alliance (2008): Child Safety Action Planning. Available
134   II,     9.  3.  1    |      European Agency for Health and Safety at Work, 2007). Injuries
135   II,     9.  3.  1    |      European Agency for Health and Safety at Work (2007): ht p (Article
136   II,     9.  4.  3    |           with programmes promoting safety, injury prevention and actions
137   II,     9.  5.  3    |              EU Agency for Health & Safety at Work, 2004). Unshared
138   II,     9.  5.  4    |         2006Promoting health and safety at the workplace.~ Reference
139   II,     9.  5.  6    |              Dublin~ ~EU Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2003):
140   II,     9.  5.  6    |             2003): Gender issues in safety and health - A review. Luxembourg:
141  III,    10.  2.  1    |             products; and~· minimum safety and health requirements
142  III,    10.  2.  1    |          competencies in health and safety as well as in taxation have
143  III,    10.  2.  1    |            European Commission Road Safety Action Programme 2003-2010~http ~ ~
144  III,    10.  2.  1    |       neighbourhoods with poor road safety, high-speed traffic, little
145  III,    10.  2.  1    |          characterized by poor road safety and fast traffic ( Greyling
146  III,    10.  2.  1    |             this, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is developing
147  III,    10.  2.  1    |         approach to nutrition, food safety and food security aimed
148  III,    10.  2.  1    |           for exercise, quality and safety of products). Socioeconomic
149  III,    10.  2.  1    |   scientific dossier concerning the safety and bioavailability of the
150  III,    10.  2.  1    |   scientific dossier concerning the safety and bioavailability of the
151  III,    10.  2.  1    |           school nutrition and food safety policies).~· Ensure a safe,
152  III,    10.  2.  1    |       Strengthen nutrition and food safety in the health sector (e.g.
153  III,    10.  3.  1    |            application of the basic safety standards for the health
154  III,    10.  3.  1    |          for implementing the basic safety standards for the health
155  III,    10.  3.  2    |     introduced new requirements for safety management systems, emergency
156  III,    10.  3.  2    |          communication via chemical safety reports.~ ~In addition,
157  III,    10.  3.  2    | Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety and the Inter-Organization
158  III,    10.  3.  2    | International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS): Tributyltin Compounds.
159  III,    10.  3.  2    | International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS); Environmental Health
160  III,    10.  3.  2    | International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS): Environmental Health
161  III,    10.  4.  2    |    occurring toxic substances (Food Safety)~ ~
162  III,    10.  4.  2    |       Assessment~EFSA~European Food Safety Authority~EU-RAIN~European
163  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Qualified presumption of safety~RASFF~Rapid Alert System
164  III,    10.  4.  2    |         seen the regulation of food safety within the European Union
165  III,    10.  4.  2    |          regulatory systems on food safety, often characterised by
166  III,    10.  4.  2    |       established the European Food Safety Agency (EFSA). Using an
167  III,    10.  4.  2    |            harmonises national food safety requirements and ensures
168  III,    10.  4.  2    |           the three pillars of food safety. EFSA’s evidence-based assessments
169  III,    10.  4.  2    |            recent years.~ ~The food safety landscape is constantly
170  III,    10.  4.  2    |            the implications for the safety of the food supply. In addition,
171  III,    10.  4.  2    |      innovative White Paper on Food Safety was presented by David Byrne,
172  III,    10.  4.  2    |            The “white paper on food safety”, attempted to guarantee
173  III,    10.  4.  2    |      guarantee a high level of food safety by improving quality standards
174  III,    10.  4.  2    |             which have enabled food safety to be organized in a more
175  III,    10.  4.  2    |           production chain; d) food safety: limits on contaminants
176  III,    10.  4.  2    |       general principle for EU food safety policy.~ ~The GFL aims at
177  III,    10.  4.  2    |     undertaken by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).~ ~Depending
178  III,    10.  4.  2    |           measures relating to food safety, must be underpinned by
179  III,    10.  4.  2    |          law, and in particular the safety of the food, rests with
180  III,    10.  4.  2    |       creation of the European Food Safety Authority, the GFL lays
181  III,    10.  4.  2    |       procedures in matters of food safety. In particular, it provides
182  III,    10.  4.  2    |        regulatory framework on food safety was completed in the years
183  III,    10.  4.  2    |    communication: the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)~ ~Scientific
184  III,    10.  4.  2    |       Regulation, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was established
185  III,    10.  4.  2    |         point of reference for food safety within the EU and would
186  III,    10.  4.  2    |             a timely manner to food safety crises.~EFSA acts as an
187  III,    10.  4.  2    |          the areas of food and feed safety. In addition, it establishes
188  III,    10.  4.  2    |      possible risks related to food safety, the responsibility for
189  III,    10.  4.  2    |            hazards such as BSE, the safety of food additives such as
190  III,    10.  4.  2    |            concerning food and feed safety. Whenever a member of the
191  III,    10.  4.  2    |            concerning food and feed safety. In the frame of RASFF there
192  III,    10.  4.  2    |        alert notifications, where a safety problem has been identified
193  III,    10.  4.  2    |          increase the level of food safety and restore consumer confidence.~ ~
194  III,    10.  4.  2    |            important factor in food safety because some diseases, the
195  III,    10.  4.  2    |                An assessment of the safety and quality of all types
196  III,    10.  4.  2    |            be used in assessing the safety and quality of foods. Due
197  III,    10.  4.  2    |       insufficient to guarantee the safety of a foodstuff. The safety
198  III,    10.  4.  2    |          safety of a foodstuff. The safety of foodstuffs must be mainly
199  III,    10.  4.  2    |        January 2006, lays down food safety criteria for certain important
200  III,    10.  4.  2    |    Commission and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Further
201  III,    10.  4.  2    |            4). With respect to food safety, more dangerous food chemical
202  III,    10.  4.  2    |             are evaluated for their safety before they can obtain authorisation
203  III,    10.  4.  2    |        flavouring substances a vast safety evaluation programme is
204  III,    10.  4.  2    |            do not correspond to the safety limits but are always set
205  III,    10.  4.  2    |         below, often far below, the safety limits. Detected surplus
206  III,    10.  4.  2    |              Issues related to food safety, although largely under
207  III,    10.  4.  2    |             forcefully promote food safety among its policy priorities
208  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Qualified presumption of safety (QPS) of microorganism~ ~ ~
209  III,    10.  4.  2    | harmonisation of approaches for the safety assessment of micro-organisms
210  III,    10.  4.  2    |        required to make an adequate safety assessment. QPS is suggested
211  III,    10.  4.  2    |      operating tool within EFSA for safety assessment and priority
212  III,    10.  4.  2    |             setting (EFSA, 2005).~ ~Safety assessment of compounds
213  III,    10.  4.  2    |             good tool to assess the safety of individual consumers
214  III,    10.  4.  2    |         data required to assess the safety of an active substance and
215  III,    10.  4.  2    |            States when carrying out safety evaluations and for notifying
216  III,    10.  4.  2    |      Scientific Committee to assess safety of botanical preparations
217  III,    10.  4.  2    |             A general framework for safety assessment was advocated,
218  III,    10.  4.  2    |      benefit from a “presumption of safety” without any need for further
219  III,    10.  4.  2    |          for which a presumption of safety is not possible would be
220  III,    10.  4.  2    |         subject to a more extensive safety assessment using the methodology
221  III,    10.  4.  2    |             the present document.~ ~Safety of meat and milk from cattle
222  III,    10.  4.  2    |            be desirable to make the safety assessment, available scientific
223  III,    10.  4.  2    |          novel foods must undergo a safety assessment before being
224  III,    10.  4.  2    |             takes place in complete safety, the European Union has
225  III,    10.  4.  2    | communicating on the improving food safety in Europe and building public
226  III,    10.  4.  2    |       contributes to improving food safety in Europe and in building
227  III,    10.  4.  2    |            raises awareness of food safety and explains the implications
228  III,    10.  4.  2    |     communications of national food safety authorities via the Advisory
229  III,    10.  4.  2    |   legislation in the fields of food safety, animal health and welfare
230  III,    10.  4.  2    |         measures for governing food safety. The Community’s obligation
231  III,    10.  4.  2    |          national law governing the safety of the food chain is almost
232  III,    10.  4.  2    |          law and in particular food safety falls on the operators.
233  III,    10.  4.  2    |      communication on food and feed safety and risk, food and feed
234  III,    10.  4.  2    |             and risk, food and feed safety surveillance and other monitoring
235  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Law will consolidate the safety requirement and eliminate
236  III,    10.  4.  2    |    authorities responsible for food safety and the official controls
237  III,    10.  4.  2    |                Table 10.4.2.7. Food safety competent authorities in
238  III,    10.  4.  2    |           Luxembourg~Luxemburg~Food Safety Commission~Malta~Główny
239  III,    10.  4.  2    |        Mattilsynet – Norwegian Food Safety Authority~Norway~ ~ ~ ~The
240  III,    10.  4.  2    |             to make demands on food safety practitioners, new challenges
241  III,    10.  4.  2    |       further attention.~ ~The food safety landscape is constantly
242  III,    10.  4.  2    |         oblige implications for the safety of food supply. Added to
243  III,    10.  4.  2    |      establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down
244  III,    10.  4.  2    |       procedures in matters of food safety. Official Journal of the
245  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Qualified presumption of safety of micro-organisms in food
246  III,    10.  4.  2    |     Ecotoxicology and Environmental safety 63: 108-112~ ~ ~
247  III,    10.  4.  3    |         System for Europe~WSP~Water Safety Plans~ ~ ~ ~
248  III,    10.  4.  3    |             A special case of water safety is the occurrence of Legionella
249  III,    10.  4.  3    |          setting and drinking-water safety (WHO, 2005). To ensure the
250  III,    10.  4.  3    |            the development of Water Safety Plans (WSP). The primary
251  III,    10.  4.  3    |                   WHO (2005): Water Safety Plans. Managing drinking-water
252  III,    10.  4.  4    |          high standards of consumer safety in the common market is
253  III,    10.  4.  4    |    objectives of the Community. The safety of non-food consumer products
254  III,    10.  4.  4    | complemented by the General Product Safety Directive.~ ~Accidents involving
255  III,    10.  4.  4    |          the importance of consumer safety to become involved in injury
256  III,    10.  4.  4    |       prevented by making sure that safety requirements applicable
257  III,    10.  4.  4    |            of products and services safety. This information can then
258  III,    10.  4.  4    |          continuous improvements in safety and reduction of injuries
259  III,    10.  4.  4    |            for policy makers on the safety of products and services
260  III,    10.  4.  4    |                     and the Product Safety Enforcement Forum (PROSAFE) www g (
261  III,    10.  4.  5    |          have been expressed on the safety for recreational purposes
262  III,    10.  5.  1    |            as air quality, traffic, safety, sanitation, etc. This problem
263  III,    10.  5.  1    |            children (European Child Safety Alliance, 2006).~Unintentional
264  III,    10.  5.  1    |            1396(8)~ ~European Child Safety Alliance (2006): Child safety
265  III,    10.  5.  1    |       Safety Alliance (2006): Child safety product guide: potentially
266  III,    10.  5.  1    |            products.~European Child Safety Alliance, Amsterdam. Available
267  III,    10.  5.  1    |             at: htt ~ ~Finnish Food Safety Authority (FFSA) (2006):
268  III,    10.  5.  1    |              Helsinki, Finnish Food Safety Authority, 2006 (Finnish
269  III,    10.  5.  1    |       Authority, 2006 (Finnish Food Safety Authority publication No.
270  III,    10.  5.  1    |      Ezeamama, A. (2006): Perceived Safety of Area of Residence and
271  III,    10.  5.  3    |           work, regional health and safety discrepancies in Europe (
272  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety as well as addressing social
273  III,    10.  5.  3    |     strategies to improve workplace safety outlined. The text follows
274  III,    10.  5.  3    |            consider their health or safety at risk because of their
275  III,    10.  5.  3    |          Romania sees his health or safety at risk because of his work.~
276  III,    10.  5.  3    |           work; regional health and safety discrepancies in Europe (
277  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety as well as addressing social
278  III,    10.  5.  3    |            for workplace health and safety. They can affect the type
279  III,    10.  5.  3    |             of workplace health and safety. The use of subcontractors,
280  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety hazards still constitute
281  III,    10.  5.  3    |             that written health and safety notices are important but
282  III,    10.  5.  3    |        market puts their health and safety at increased risk, compared
283  III,    10.  5.  3    |            for workplace health and safety to develop new ways to integrate
284  III,    10.  5.  3    |          also affect the health and safety management process. As the
285  III,    10.  5.  3    |    knowledge to deal with workplace safety issues.~ ~Increasing work
286  III,    10.  5.  3    |             on workplace health and safety. It is clear that public
287  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety and workplace health promotion
288  III,    10.  5.  3    |            Concerns about workplace safety have long been a major preoccupation
289  III,    10.  5.  3    |            adopted the Occupational Safety and Health Convention. This
290  III,    10.  5.  3    |         development of occupational safety and health as a field of
291  III,    10.  5.  3    |      effective workplace health and safety practices in both industrialised
292  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety (OSH), including all measures
293  III,    10.  5.  3    |       Commission, 2004). Health and safety improvement measures are
294  III,    10.  5.  3    |             Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) has been widened in
295  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety with disease prevention,
296  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety, public health, health promotion
297  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety and social insurance need
298  III,    10.  5.  3    |            Legislation~ ~Health and Safety at work has been one of
299  III,    10.  5.  3    |             Directive on health and safety at work (Dir ), laying down
300  III,    10.  5.  3    |             the field of health and safety aimed at analysing the actual
301  III,    10.  5.  3    |        European Agency for Health & Safety at Work, 2007). Almost 24%
302  III,    10.  5.  3    |         general improvements in the safety and health of workers~-
303  III,    10.  5.  3    |             EEC: minimum health and safety requirements for work with
304  III,    10.  5.  3    |        European Agency for Health & Safety at Work, 2005).~Employers
305  III,    10.  5.  3    |         general improvements in the safety and health of workers~-
306  III,    10.  5.  3    |       encourage improvements in the safety and health at work of pregnant
307  III,    10.  5.  3    |              the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the
308  III,    10.  5.  3    |        European Agency for Health & Safety at Work, 2000,2001).~ ~Requirements
309  III,    10.  5.  3    |              such as on workplaces, safety signs, personal protective
310  III,    10.  5.  3    |        adequate to protect workerssafety and health~- Ensuring that
311  III,    10.  5.  3    |            not slippery~- Providing safety and/or health signs where
312  III,    10.  5.  3    |      Framework to manage health and safety, including: assessment and
313  III,    10.  5.  3    |         employees, co-ordination on safety with contractors.~ ~Information
314  III,    10.  5.  3    |         communication of health and safety legislation, basic Directives
315  III,    10.  5.  3    |        implementation of Health and Safety at Work Directives 89/391 (
316  III,    10.  5.  3    |   Commission found out that EU work safety legislation has greatly
317  III,    10.  5.  3    |        adequate legislation on work safety. In Austria, France, Germany,
318  III,    10.  5.  3    |         highly effective. UK’s work safety policy is mainly based on
319  III,    10.  5.  3    |            for workplace health and safety in Great Britain to 2010
320  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety in the United Kingdom is
321  III,    10.  5.  3    |           Kingdom is The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.~ ~
322  III,    10.  5.  3    |          work~- regional health and safety discrepancies in Europe,
323  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety and social insurance need
324  III,    10.  5.  3    |             occupational health and safety as well as addressing social
325  III,    10.  5.  3    |       encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at
326  III,    10.  5.  3    |        provisions of the Health and Safety at Work Directives 89/391 (
327  III,    10.  5.  3    |             2007-2012 on health and safety at work. Communication from
328  III,    10.  5.  3    |                 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (OSHA) (
329  III,    10.  5.  3    |       Implications for Occupational Safety and Health. Available at: htt m.~
330  III,    10.  5.  3    |                 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (OSHA) (
331  III,    10.  5.  3    |        Implications on occupational safety and health in some Member
332  III,    10.  5.  3    |          Organisation: Occupational Safety and Health Convention. Available
333  III,    10.  5.  3    |             Product~HSWA~Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974~ILO~
334  III,    10.  5.  3    |             Occupational Health and Safety~PPE~Personal Protective
335  III,    10.  6.  1    |            and develop over time.~ ~Safety perception~ ~The perception
336  III,    10.  6.  1    |      perception~ ~The perception of safety is naturally related to
337  III,    10.  6.  1    |            subjective perception of safety, it is especially the occurrence
338  III,    10.  6.  1    |        conditions on perceptions of safety. In: Journal of Criminal
339  III,    10.  6.  1    |      Ezeamama, A. (2006): Perceived Safety of Area of Residence and
340  III,    10.  6.  1    |        European Survey of Crime and Safety (EU ICS) 2005.~Available
341  III,    10.  6.  3    |            the privacy and supposed safety of one’s home. Moreover,
342  III,    10.  6.  3    |              the European Crime and Safety Survey which follows on
343  III,    10.  6.  3    |   comparative analysis of crime and safety in Europe (EUICS, 2005).~ ~
344  III,    10.  6.  3    |           in the European Crime and Safety Survey are robbery, sexual
345  III,    10.  6.  3    |  opportunities.~ ~The perception of safety is naturally related to
346  III,    10.  6.  3    |            subjective perception of safety, it is especially the occurrence
347   IV,    11.  1.  3    |          patient rights and patient safety has been integral in these
348   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          quality of care is patient safety, which is discussed here
349   IV,    11.  1.  5    |         includes issues such as the safety and appropriateness of the
350   IV,    11.  1.  5    |      contract on quality (including safety) not just price~Providers
351   IV,    11.  1.  5    |              mental health, patient safety and primary care/prevention.
352   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           public services~ ~Patient safety~ ~Patient safety is increasingly
353   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            Patient safety~ ~Patient safety is increasingly recognized
354   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            UK, the National Patient Safety Agency was established in
355   IV,    11.  1.  5    |             2001 to improve patient safety by reducing the risk of
356   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          raise awareness on patient safety issues. Denmark is another
357   IV,    11.  1.  5    |         system for ensuring patient safety.~ ~Patient safety can be
358   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           patient safety.~ ~Patient safety can be improved through
359   IV,    11.  1.  5    |         training courses in patient safety should demonstrate a culture
360   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            demonstrate a culture of safety, one which: acknowledges
361   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          all to improve quality and safety; and is supportive of all
362   IV,    11.  1.  5    |        personnel to protect patient safety, regardless of the rank (
363   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          World Alliance for Patient Safety was formed in 2002 and passed
364   IV,    11.  1.  5    |      promoting a culture of patient safety (McCarthy and Blumenthal,
365   IV,    11.  1.  5    |      Hopkins Hospital implemented a safety scheme that had staff follow
366   IV,    11.  1.  5    |             steps to reduce patient safety concerns. This resulted
367   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            concern for both patient safety and the finances of the
368   IV,    11.  1.  6    |        outcomes and enhance patient safety and satisfaction are collectively
369   IV,    11.  4        |           that contribute to HTA:~ ~Safety, efficacy, effectiveness
370   IV,    11.  5.  4    |          cooperation.~ ~Quality and safety of organ donation and transplantation~ ~
371   IV,    11.  5.  4    |             improve the quality and safety of organs. Pre-transplant
372   IV,    11.  5.  4    |           steps towards quality and safety. Standard procedures for
373   IV,    11.  5.  4    |           tissue donor. Quality and safety requirements for organs
374   IV,    11.  5.  4    |            ensuring the quality and safety of this process has already
375   IV,    11.  5.  4    |         based on common quality and safety criteria. This system would
376   IV,    11.  5.  4    |          and professionals.~Binding safety and quality criteria should
377   IV,    11.  5.  5    |            of allocation rules, the safety and quality of organ transplantation,
378   IV,    11.  5.  5    |        define the limits of organ’s safety and quality for improving
379   IV,    11.  5.  5    |            standards of quality and safety in relation to tissue banking
380   IV,    11.  5.  6    |            legislate on quality and safety standards for human tissues
381   IV,    11.  5.  6    |        Directive on the quality and safety of organs could be envisaged
382   IV,    11.  5.  6    |            guarantee the health and safety of the donors.~· The Information
383   IV,    11.  5.  6    |             and drew up a “Guide to Safety and Quality Assurance for
384   IV,    11.  6.  5    |          2006): Pathways to patient safety: the use of rules and guidelines
385   IV,    11.  6.  5    |             in health care. Patient Safety: Research into Practice.
386   IV,    11.  6.  5    |       family practice." Quality and Safety in Health Care 11(3): 233-
387   IV,    11.  6.  5    |              Howe A (2006): Patient safety: education, training and
388   IV,    11.  6.  5    |   professional development. Patient Safety: Research into Practice.
389   IV,    11.  6.  5    |            motivation." Quality and Safety in Health Care 14(1): 4-
390   IV,    11.  6.  5    |   Blumenthal D (2006): Committed to Safety: Ten Case Studies on Reducing
391   IV,    12.  1        |           areas, such as health and safety at work, or the free movement
392   IV,    12.  1        |         protect workershealth and~safety”~ ~Art. 149 (Vocational
393   IV,    12.  1        |            standards of quality and safety of organs and substances
394   IV,    12.  1        |           to protecting the health, safety and economic interests of
395   IV,    12.  1        |            rules~ ~Agriculture~Food safety~Many Directives~Hygienic
396   IV,    12.  1        |           Agricultural Policy (food safety, animal and plant health).
397   IV,    12.  2        |    nutrition and physical activity, safety and health at work, emerging
398   IV,    12.  2        |             products; and~· minimum safety and health requirements
399   IV,    12.  2        |            European Commission Road Safety Action Programme 2003-2010~http
400   IV,    12.  3        |     e-health initiatives to improve safety and quality of patients
401   IV,    12.  4        |            the health acquis~ ~EMPL~Safety and Health at work; coordination
402   IV,    12.  4        |             Devices; Biotechnology; Safety of Cosmetics;~Chemicals;
403   IV,    12.  4        |   collection in field of health and safety~INFSO~Development and deployment
404   IV,    12.  4        |       health, consumer policy, food safety, animal health~ ~SG~Coordination
405   IV,    12.  4        |             Professionals~TREN~Road safety, Energy, Ionising radiation,
406   IV,    12.  4        |              animal health and food safety. Other Commission departments
407   IV,    12.  4        |            diseases); and~· patient safety.~ ~ ~Independent scientific
408   IV,    12.  4        |         from certain hair dyes, the safety of tooth whitening agents,
409   IV,    12.  4        |            sectors where health and safety of patients, consumers or
410   IV,    12.  4        |        public.~EFSA~ ~European Food Safety Authority (Parma, Italy) -
411   IV,    12.  4        |             impact on food and feed safety, contribute to a high level
412   IV,    12.  4        |       EU-OSHA~ ~European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (Bilbao,
413   IV,    12.  4        |          projects/actions under the Safety and Health at Work Strategy
414   IV,    12.  4        |            and health systems, food safety, eHealth, Innovative Medicines
415   IV,    12.  4        |      related to global health, road safety)~SANCO~Programme of Community
416   IV,    12.  5        |              1.2. Improve citizens' safety~ ~1.2.1. Support and enhance
417   IV,    12.  5        |            2.2. Help to enhance the safety and quality of organs and
418   IV,    12.  5        |         measures to improve patient safety through high-quality and
419   IV,    12. 10        |    Intermediate~National/Regional~ ~Safety awareness~High ~National/
420   IV,    12. 10        |         National/Regional~ Yes~Food safety~High~National~ Yes~Physical
421   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~High~National/Regional~
422   IV,    12. 10        |    therapeutic substances: quality, safety and ethics~High~National~
423   IV,    12. 10        |              Personal hygiene~ ~ ~ ~Safety awareness~ ~ ~ ~Environmental
424   IV,    12. 10        |             pesticides~ High~ ~Food safety~ High~ Act no 526 of 24
425   IV,    12. 10        |           and healthy diet and food safety~See more: htt ~ ~Physical
426   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~ ~ ~ ~Extreme weather events
427   IV,    12. 10        |         environment5 Health and Safety at work act (Arbeitsstättenschutzverodnung)
428   IV,    12. 10        |             Stand: Dezember 2006)~ ~Safety awareness~High priority
429   IV,    12. 10        |           and activities concerning safety/risk.~Safety/risk awareness
430   IV,    12. 10        |             concerning safety/risk.~Safety/risk awareness at the provider
431   IV,    12. 10        |     measures with regard to patient safety (examples):~Federal Ministry
432   IV,    12. 10        |        Action Plan to optimize drug safety (Aktionsplan 2008/2009 zur
433   IV,    12. 10        |           see www. e) is working on safety of medicinal products and
434   IV,    12. 10        |  information and guidelines on drug safety.~Critical incident reporting –
435   IV,    12. 10        |             with regard to consumer safety in general (examples):~Federal
436   IV,    12. 10        |        Consumer Protection and Food Safety (Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz
437   IV,    12. 10        | environmental, traffic, and working safety see homepages of Federal
438   IV,    12. 10        |  responsibilities: www de~Enhancing safety (or rather: risk!) awareness
439   IV,    12. 10        |        German Coalition for Patient Safety (Aktionsbündnis Patientensicherheit)–
440   IV,    12. 10        |    organizations to improve patient safety, see www. e~„Forum Patient
441   IV,    12. 10        |           see www. e~„Forum Patient safety“ – provided by German Medical
442   IV,    12. 10        |            Conservation and Nuclear Safety is responsible for the implementation
443   IV,    12. 10        |        Consumer Protection and Food Safety (www.bvl.bund.de).~ ~Food
444   IV,    12. 10        |            www.bvl.bund.de).~ ~Food safety~High priority~The safeguarding
445   IV,    12. 10        |            The safeguarding of Food safety in Germany is under the
446   IV,    12. 10        |        measures with regard to Food Safety in general (examples):~Federal
447   IV,    12. 10        |        Consumer Protection and Food Safety (Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz
448   IV,    12. 10        |           BfS, htt s) works for the safety and protection of man and
449   IV,    12. 10        |            diagnostics in medicine, safety in the handling of radioactive
450   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~High priority~The implementation
451   IV,    12. 10        |            measures concerning road safety lies in the competence of
452   IV,    12. 10        |             Council on Road Traffic Safety, www ) measures for improving
453   IV,    12. 10        |          measures for improving the safety of road traffic are planned
454   IV,    12. 10        |      National Guide on occupational safety management, published 01/
455   IV,    12. 10        |        Consumer Protection and Food Safety (Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz
456   IV,    12. 10        |           modified organisms, their safety evaluation and approval
457   IV,    12. 10        |             based best practice. ~ ~Safety awareness~High~ ~Hand washing
458   IV,    12. 10        |    published.~Commission on Patient Safety and Quality~established
459   IV,    12. 10        |    Work-related health issues~High~ Safety, Health and Welfare at Work
460   IV,    12. 10        |              10 of 2005)~Health and Safety Authority Strategy 2007 –
461   IV,    12. 10        |             20072009.~Health and Safety Authority Programme of Work
462   IV,    12. 10        |          issues relating to patient safety. HIQA incorporates the Office
463   IV,    12. 10        |            diseases, food/water/air safety, screening and emergency
464   IV,    12. 10        |            Personal hygiene~Low~ ~ ~Safety awareness~High~o An adequate
465   IV,    12. 10        |           pesticides~ high~ ~ ~Food safety~ high~o Law 2741/1999 concerning
466   IV,    12. 10        |             main authority for food safety is the Hellenic Food Authority (
467   IV,    12. 10        |           highest standards of food safety and hygiene reasonably available
468   IV,    12. 10        |             the enforcement of food safety legislation in Greece. This
469   IV,    12. 10        |     information to citizens on food safety matters and to encourage
470   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~ high~Law 3542/2007 Code
471   IV,    12. 10        |           3542/2007 Code about road safety~ ~o Law 3542/2007 (in comparison
472   IV,    12. 10        |           Law 1568/1985Health and Safety of employees”~o Presidential
473   IV,    12. 10        |         1995Minimum standards for safety or/and health signals at
474   IV,    12. 10        |         1996Minimum standards for safety and health at work in compliance
475   IV,    12. 10        |              Measures for improving safety and health of employees
476   IV,    12. 10        |             the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. So,
477   IV,    12. 10        |           the European Campaign for Safety and Health at Work. It organizes
478   IV,    12. 10        |            in the European Week for Safety and Health at Work, which
479   IV,    12. 10        |             free visits at dentists~Safety awareness~Intermediate ~ ~
480   IV,    12. 10        |             pesticides:~htt ~ ~Food safety~ high~ ~ Permanent activity
481   IV,    12. 10        |         activity of the French food Safety Agency~national plan on
482   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~ high~ Jun-July 2003: setting
483   IV,    12. 10        |      HIV/AIDS: Law 135/1990.~ ~Food safety~ High~ EC Regulation 178/
484   IV,    12. 10        |       finish with working places)~ ~Safety awareness~low~ ~ ~Environmental
485   IV,    12. 10        |       pollution~intermediate~Law on Safety of Environment~ ~Regulation
486   IV,    12. 10        |       Policy Plan, 2004 - 2008~Food safety~ high~ Law on the Supervision
487   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~ high~Roads Traffic Regulations~ ~
488   IV,    12. 10        |             this field~Road Traffic Safety Program 2007-2013~ ~ Special
489   IV,    12. 10        |              High~ National level~ ~Safety awareness~ High~ National
490   IV,    12. 10        |          CE1907/2006 (REACH)~ ~Food safety~ High~ National level~ ~
491   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~ High~ National level~ ~
492   IV,    12. 10        |           severe weather conditions~Safety awareness~Low~ ~Home and
493   IV,    12. 10        |   decreasing use of pesticides~Food safety~ high~The Romanian legislation
494   IV,    12. 10        |    legislation in the field of food safety is accordingly to the European
495   IV,    12. 10        |       Transportation including road safety~ intermediate~ ~Media national
496   IV,    12. 10        |          national campaigns on road safety on high traffic~Extreme
497   IV,    12. 10        |   Occupational health and workplace safety~ ~ ~Deprivation factors~
498   IV,    12. 10        |            policy~Child policy~Food safety~ ~Incidence of reported~
499   IV,    12. 10        |         MeasuresHealth education~Safety awareness~ Intermediate~
500   IV,    12. 10        |         level~State monitoring~Food safety~High~ At national level~