1-500 | 501-501
    Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  2    |             have accelerated again. The increase continued irrespective of
  2    I,     2.  2    |                 as on supply. The 17.5% increase of international tourist
  3    I,     2.  2    |            improving service quality to increase competitiveness. The same
  4    I,     2.  2    |                in the years ahead could increase this danger. In particular,
  5    I,     2.  4    |              important are the steps to increase population coverage, address
  6    I,     2.  5    |               patterns (new technology, increase of the service sector) as
  7    I,     2.  5    |          teaching and there has been an increase in delivering health and
  8    I,     2.  5    |          Unemployment rates will likely increase due to the current economic
  9    I,     2.  5    |            workers (aged 55 to 65) will increase by almost 9% from 2005 to
 10    I,     2.  5    |                 countries took steps to increase retirement age, but nonetheless
 11    I,     2.  5    |       highlights the EU’s commitment to increase the number of older people
 12    I,     2.  5    |             Studies have showed that an increase in work-related stress also
 13    I,     2.  5    |                 have been matched by an increase in employeesautonomy over
 14    I,     2.  5    |              Non-standard working times increase the risk of cardiovascular
 15    I,     2.  5    |              measures seem necessary to increase coverage currently at 50-
 16    I,     2.  5    |               also need to adapt to the increase in life expectancy. With
 17    I,     2.  6    |                   Considering the large increase of life expectancy and the
 18    I,     2.  7    |              this figure is expected to increase to almost 5 billion (UNFPA,
 19    I,     2.  7    |               these cities will further increase to a population of 23 million,
 20    I,     2.  7    |               options, which would also increase efficiency of those trips
 21    I,     2.  8    |               fuel for domestic use may increase the public health effects.
 22    I,     2.  8    |             until after 2020, when some increase may be necessary to meet
 23    I,     2.  9    |                 events are projected to increase in frequency and magnitude,
 24    I,     2.  9    |                and 5.5 % for every 1 °C increase in temperature above a location–
 25    I,     2.  9    |                diseases are expected to increase in the near future. The
 26    I,     2. 10.  4|               continue to significantly increase over the next years. The
 27    I,     2. 10.  4|            billion globally in 2010, an increase of more than 90% from 200515.~ ~
 28    I,     2. 10.  4|            global standardisation would increase the efficiency throughout
 29    I,     2. 10.  4|            healthcare supply chain will increase significantly. Identification
 30    I,     3.  1    |               at first birth started to increase sharply, whilst the TFR
 31    I,     3.  1    |                due to the fact that the increase in the age at first birth
 32    I,     3.  1    |                educated women, the mere increase in the number of women with
 33    I,     3.  1    |                TFRs, suggests that some increase in period TFRs may occur.
 34    I,     3.  1    |             levels off, period TFRs may increase, at least as long as the
 35    I,     3.  2    |                 of the total population increase in EU Member States, whereas
 36    I,     3.  2    |             rates of natural population increase are still larger than those
 37    I,     3.  2    |                     Figure 3.3. Natural increase rate and migration rate (
 38    I,     3.  2    |              still) have a high natural increase. The 12 new Member States
 39    I,     3.  2    |                negative rate of natural increase. Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary
 40    I,     3.  3    |                or even negative natural increase (excess of deaths over births).
 41    I,     3.  3    |             those of older persons will increase. While the number of youngsters
 42    I,     3.  3    |               old-age dependency ratios increase, varying from 0.3% for the
 43    I,     3.  3    |                 values, all ratios will increase in the coming decades. Nevertheless,
 44    I,     3.  3    |             some variation. Whereas the increase is relatively low for Sweden,
 45    I,     3.  3    |          old-age-dependency ratios will increase by 2.3% per year. The countries
 46   II,     4.  1    |                 about 75. For women the increase was from 77 to 81. The figures
 47   II,     4.  1    |                limitations dramatically increase the risk of becoming dependent
 48   II,     4.  1    |             suggested a slightly slower increase in the number of years without
 49   II,     4.  1    |                limitations dramatically increase the risk of losing independence
 50   II,     4.  1    |                the EU27 had the largest increase in male life expectancy
 51   II,     4.  1    |            national health goals are to increase the quality and years of
 52   II,     4.  2    |            become the main cause of the increase in life expectancy, this
 53   II,     4.  2    |        different causes of death to the increase in life expectancy at birth
 54   II,     4.  2    |             sexes. For men, the rate of increase has risen over time. Life
 55   II,     4.  2    |                  For women, the rate of increase in the 1980s (1.9 years)
 56   II,     4.  2    |            similarly to men the highest increase was observed in the 1990s (
 57   II,     4.  2    |       contribution of age groups to the increase in life expectancy at birth
 58   II,     4.  2    |             contributed the most to the increase in life expectancy at birth:
 59   II,     4.  2    |                for men one third of the increase in life expectancy and for
 60   II,     4.  2    |               an important cause of the increase in life expectancy, but
 61   II,     4.  2    |              elderly contributed to the increase in life expectancy. For
 62   II,     4.  2    |                almost one fourth to the increase in life expectancy at birth,
 63   II,     4.  2    |      contributed one third of the total increase in life expectancy. In the
 64   II,     4.  2    |                oldest age groups to the increase in life expectancy at birth
 65   II,     4.  2    |                 large: one fifth of the increase for men was caused by the
 66   II,     4.  2    |                 contributed most to the increase in life expectancy in the
 67   II,     4.  2    |              have a large impact on the increase in life expectancy in the
 68   II,     4.  2    |              only a small impact on the increase in life expectancy in all
 69   II,     4.  2    |                  In most countries, the increase in life expectancy was mainly
 70   II,     4.  2    |             largest contribution to the increase in life expectancy can be
 71   II,     4.  2    |         selected causes of death to the increase in life expectancy at birth
 72   II,     4.  2    |               disease caused 40% of the increase in life expectancy. The
 73   II,     4.  2    |                considerable part of the increase in life expectancy could
 74   II,     4.  2    |             most important cause of the increase in life expectancy for men.
 75   II,     4.  2    |            started to contribute to the increase in life expectancy. Whereas
 76   II,     4.  2    |           contributed almost 60% to the increase in life expectancy in the
 77   II,     4.  2    |             related cancer continued to increase for women in contrast with
 78   II,     4.  2    |                among women continued to increase (or stagnated at very high
 79   II,     4.  2    |                 contributed most to the increase in life expectancy since
 80   II,     4.  2    |                 a smaller impact on the increase in life expectancy than
 81   II,     4.  2    |          similar. The main cause of the increase in life expectancy since
 82   II,     4.  2    |              and its share in the total increase in life expectancy at birth.
 83   II,     4.  2    |            caused more than half of the increase in life expectancy; the
 84   II,     4.  2    |              even larger than the total increase in life expectancy.~ ~Table
 85   II,     4.  2    |            become the main cause of the increase in life expectancy at birth
 86   II,     4.  2    |               17 selected countries the increase in life expectancy at 65
 87   II,     4.  2    |               in several countries, the increase in life expectancy for the
 88   II,     4.  2    |            whereas in all countries the increase for women in the 1980s was
 89   II,     4.  2    |                men. Also after 2000 the increase for women appears to be
 90   II,     4.  2    |                 but in recent years the increase for men is larger than that
 91   II,     4.  2    |                 rather low, the rate of increase has been higher than in
 92   II,     4.  2    |                 with the average annual increase in life expectancy since
 93   II,     4.  2    |                 in 1970 and the average increase (Fig. 4.2.2). This indicates
 94   II,     4.  2    |              higher, the average annual increase is .02 lower. This implies
 95   II,     4.  2    |             1970 and the annual average increase since 1970, women~ ~For
 96   II,     4.  2    |             1970 and the annual average increase since 1970, men.~ ~If Eastern
 97   II,     4.  2    |              expectancy in 1970 and the increase since 1970 for menl (Figure
 98   II,     4.  2    |             1970 and the annual average increase since 1970, excluding Eastern
 99   II,     4.  2    |             1970 and the annual average increase since 1970, excluding Eastern
100   II,     5.  1.  1|                 have been found to both increase the risk of but also protect
101   II,     5.  1.  1|                to be associated with an increase of food allergy because
102   II,     5.  2.  1|            number of CVD is expected to increase within the next few decades,
103   II,     5.  2.  1|       population, which will lead to an increase in the health burden of
104   II,     5.  2.  1|            burden of CVD and consequent increase in economic costs. Therefore,
105   II,     5.  2.  1|                 need to cope with costs increase and make CVD prevention
106   II,     5.  2.  3|                in women and percentages increase with age. IHD patterns showed
107   II,     5.  2.  3|                there has been a notable increase in the number of hospitalizations
108   II,     5.  2.  3|              have seen significant rate increase since the 90s. Central Eastern
109   II,     5.  2.  3|                disability. A continuous increase was noticed in Eastern European
110   II,     5.  2.  3|             CT-Scan, may have led to an increase in the number of diagnosed
111   II,     5.  2.  3|                have seen a dramatically increase in stroke mortality for
112   II,     5.  2.  3|    psycho-social stress may explain the increase in mortality.~ ~
113   II,     5.  2.  5|              believed that risk factors increase with age, but severe atherosclerosis,
114   II,     5.  2.  6|           smoking among men and prevent increase among women as health benefits
115   II,     5.  2.  6|                 2001). Also an isolated increase in SBP is associated to
116   II,     5.  3.  5|                 countries. In fact, the increase of incidence rates in Western,
117   II,     5.  3.  6|        childhood cancer will inevitably increase.~ ~
118   II,     5.  3.  6|               199599 showed a survival increase for colorectal and breast
119   II,     5.  3.  8|            increasing, because European increase of life expectancy makes
120   II,     5.  3.  8|          investments the problem of the increase in prevalent cancer cases (
121   II,     5.  4.  1|               disease, with a worldwide increase in incidence being consistently
122   II,     5.  4.  1|        overweight and obesity. With the increase of people of all age groups
123   II,     5.  4.  1|                   with an expected 21 % increase to 9.1% (about 58.6 million
124   II,     5.  4.  1|                States, equivalent to an increase of 1.0% in only 3 years.
125   II,     5.  4.  1|        prevalence of 7.5%, estimated to increase up to 8.0% in 2025.~Another
126   II,     5.  4.  2|         indicators (e.g. blood pressure increase by classes of age), but
127   II,     5.  4.  2|     Nevertheless, HDRs may considerably increase information content on diabetes
128   II,     5.  4.  3|            study group. 2007). A steady increase of the incidence has been
129   II,     5.  4.  3|                 and sexes, the rates of increase were 6.3% (4.1-8.5%) for
130   II,     5.  4.  6|           governments. Due to the great increase of obesity, the dither prevalence
131   II,     5.  4.  6|               Member States;~2. help to increase the coherence of actions
132   II,     5.  5.Int|                 older people, but rates increase with age, doubling every
133   II,     5.  5.Int|                Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) increase in women but not in men19.
134   II,     5.  5.  1|               childhood and adolescence increase the risk for depression
135   II,     5.  5.  1|              ten years, and most of the increase is due to indirect costs (
136   II,     5.  5.  1|               as lack of social support increase the risk of anxiety disorders (
137   II,     5.  5.  2|                 from 1960 to 2005. This increase is linked to the general
138   II,     5.  5.  2|               the total population, the increase was from 0.44% to 1.25% (
139   II,     5.  5.  2|                 have been found to both increase the risk of but also protect
140   II,     5.  5.  2|               ageing population and the increase in numbers of people affected
141   II,     5.  5.  2|            influenced and which further increase the risk of developing dementia
142   II,     5.  5.  3|          whereas the highest and linear increase among 15-24-year-old females
143   II,     5.  5.  3|          whereas the highest and linear increase among 15-24-year-old females
144   II,     5.  5.  3|               significant and threshold increase in bulimia for 10-39-year-old
145   II,     5.  5.  3|                of age with a continuous increase from 54 years on in Hungary,
146   II,     5.  5.  3|          co-workers found a significant increase in the more recent years
147   II,     5.  5.  3|            factors like migration;~· to increase research on mental health-care
148   II,     5.  5.  3|             Disorders seem to be on the increase as evidenced by several
149   II,     5.  5.  3|                EU countrie, and thereby increase the chance of identifying
150   II,     5.  5.  3|                 children with ASD could increase the effectiveness of their
151   II,     5.  5.  3|                 epilepsy is expected to increase due to the greater longevity
152   II,     5.  5.  3|              the younger age groups and increase in the elderly. These findings
153   II,     5.  5.  3|                 in infancy and tends to increase thereafter, with the highest
154   II,     5.  5.  3|                associated with a 4-fold increase in the risk of suicide in
155   II,     5.  5.  3|                that carbamazepine could increase the risk of SUDEP by causing
156   II,     5.  5.  3|               northern Sweden showed an increase of prevalence from 125 in
157   II,     5.  5.  3|               population. The threefold increase of MS prevalence up to 119
158   II,     5.  5.  3|             prevalence and the reported increase over time in the mainland
159   II,     5.  5.  3|               past 30 years. The 4-fold increase in Malta’s prevalence rate
160   II,     5.  5.  3|                over time and a temporal increase of prevalence and incidence
161   II,     5.  5.  3|                time after MS onset will increase the disease burden due to
162   II,     5.  5.  3|              studies found a 1.5-2-fold increase, but these findings were
163   II,     5.  5.  3|  Standardisation of methodologies would increase the comparability and the
164   II,     5.  5.  3|                 the cost of PD markedly increase with disease progression,
165   II,     5.  5.  3|               of the disease. A similar increase of costs with increasing
166   II,     5.  5.  3|             developments~ ~Based on the increase of the elderly population
167   II,     5.  5.  3|             disorders including PD will increase considerably. In a study
168   II,     5.  6.  1|              conditions is predicted to increase dramatically with the ageing
169   II,     5.  6.  1|             physical activity will also increase the burden. This great and
170   II,     5.  6.  3|                 fall and then gradually increase over the subsequent years
171   II,     5.  6.  3|                 side, RA is expected to increase in the next 10 years in
172   II,     5.  6.  3|               tissue, with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility
173   II,     5.  6.  3|                 fracture to continue to increase after the age of 70 among
174   II,     5.  6.  3|                 2003). There is a steep increase in the proportion that has
175   II,     5.  6.  3|               There has been a reported increase in prevalence in the UK
176   II,     5.  6.  3|               could lead to an enormous increase in the burden.~ ~
177   II,     5.  6.  4|       negligible. The direct costs will increase with more expensive and
178   II,     5.  6.  4|                 society is predicted to increase dramatically. Many of these
179   II,     5.  6.  4|             physical activity will also increase the burden.~ ~ ~
180   II,     5.  7.  3|        stability of CKD versus a marked increase in ESRD was noticed in a
181   II,     5.  7.  3|                  there was a consistent increase in incidence rates in virtually
182   II,     5.  7.  3|                 was mainly driven by an increase in the incidence rates of
183   II,     5.  7.  3|               resulted in a concomitant increase in the prevalence of RRT
184   II,     5.  7.  3|                   This was due to a 40% increase in the 15-64 age group and
185   II,     5.  7.  3|              group and a more than 130% increase in the 65+ age group. In
186   II,     5.  7.  3|                  there was a consistent increase in incidence rates in virtually
187   II,     5.  7.  3|                 was mainly driven by an increase in the incidence rates of
188   II,     5.  7.  3|               resulted in a concomitant increase in the prevalence of RRT
189   II,     5.  7.  6|               lower, it is important to increase organ donation rates. Some
190   II,     5.  8.  3|                of COPD was estimated to increase by 40% in males and 140%
191   II,     5.  8.  3|              2020. The reasons for this increase are attributable to the
192   II,     5.  8.  4|               exposed individuals. Some increase in the incidence of chronic
193   II,     5.  8.  5|            actions are not promoted, an increase is expected in the proportion
194   II,     5.  8.  5|           cessation, patients showed an increase of 47 ml FEV1, compared
195   II,     5.  8.  5|           soliciting a global effort to increase COPD awareness (Bousquet
196   II,     5.  9. FB|               development. The dramatic increase of the incidence of allergic
197   II,     5.  9. FB|        conditions, causes a significant increase of the incidence of allergic
198   II,     5.  9. FB|               Great Britain reported an increase prevalence of atopic symptoms
199   II,     5.  9. FB|         subsequent asthma, showed a 50% increase in relative risk (RR 1.5,
200   II,     5.  9. FB|           industrialized countries, the increase in the prevalence of allergic
201   II,     5.  9.  1|              medical resource usage may increase in patients with asthma
202   II,     5.  9.  1|                of asthma is on a steady increase (Holgate et al, 2006). Changes
203   II,     5.  9.  3|               and showed a generational increase (incident rate ratio = 2.
204   II,     5.  9.  3|         Portugal, which has reported an increase in prevalence during the
205   II,     5.  9.  3|          prevalence rates~A substantial increase in asthma prevalence has
206   II,     5.  9.  4|                 Data show a significant increase in cases of allergic respiratory
207   II,     5.  9.  4|              were consistently found to increase the allergen-specific IgE
208   II,     5.  9.  5|              the reasons for the recent increase in the frequency and severity
209   II,     5.  9.  6|           allergic rhinitis and asthma, increase the awareness of the socio-economical
210   II,     5. 10.  3|         parallel to the well documented increase in the prevalence of atopy (
211   II,     5. 10.  5|              undergone is not likely to increase the level of allergenicity
212   II,     5. 10.  6|           allergens in foods that could increase sensitivity and possibly
213   II,     5. 10.  6|      susceptible consumers is a must to increase food choice and the quality
214   II,     5. 10.  7|            Aromaa A, Haahtela T (2002): Increase of allergen-specific immunoglobulin
215   II,     5. 11.  3|               of skin diseases tends to increase with age, and there is hardly
216   II,     5. 11.  3|                precise reasons for this increase in disease is not known
217   II,     5. 11.  5|               good practice and ways to increase access to environmental
218   II,     5. 11.  6|              skin services is likely to increase due to the growing consumer
219   II,     5. 12.  1|                al, 1994). A substantial increase in cirrhosis mortality over
220   II,     5. 12.  2|             direction or in the rate of increase/decrease). The estimated
221   II,     5. 12.  4|                major determinant of the increase of mortality from cirrhosis.~ ~
222   II,     5. 12.  5|          education policies in order to increase social acceptability of
223   II,     5. 12.  6|                 the future is likely to increase its role in the treatment
224   II,     5. 13    |                this amount will further increase given the rising obesity
225   II,     6.  3.  2|                  in view of the general increase in MRSA, which occurs throughout
226   II,     6.  3.  3|              with a particularly marked increase seen in the UK and in the
227   II,     6.  3.  3|               the EU is due to a steady increase in HIV infections diagnosed
228   II,     6.  3.  3|             1996 to 6 386 in 2004. This increase is largely due to the rising
229   II,     6.  3.  3|                 efforts must be made to increase testing uptake; thus, ECDC
230   II,     6.  3.  3|              per year in 2004, but this increase may possibly be a surveillance
231   II,     6.  3.  4|                countries experienced an increase or stabilisation in their
232   II,     6.  3.  4|              2005) and will effectively increase total notifications in the
233   II,     6.  3.  4|            indigenous population, rates increase slowly with age and are
234   II,     6.  3.  5|             past five years, but a slow increase was observed in the Netherlands,
235   II,     6.  3.  5|                 10 years, with a slight increase between 2001 and 2003. The
236   II,     6.  3.  6|          difficult to decide whether an increase in reported incidence reflects
237   II,     6.  3.  6|            incidence reflects a genuine increase or simply the improved detection.
238   II,     6.  3.  6|                 cruise ships are on the increase, but it should be noted
239   II,     6.  3.  6|              more recently, though this increase could be a result of better
240   II,     6.  3.  6|              have reported a 5% or more increase in incidence since 2004 .
241   II,     6.  3.  7|                in the years ahead could increase this danger.~This is a wide
242   II,     6.  3.  7|                years, there has been an increase of cases every third year.
243   II,     6.  4.  2|               operating the IT tool.~To increase the comparability of the
244   II,     6.  4.  5|               agents. These include: a) increase the importance of this phenomenon
245   II,     7.  4.  2|          European Union population will increase by a factor of two between
246   II,     7.  4.  2|                 and 2050, a significant increase in fatal and non-fatal traumatic
247   II,     9        |              adverse outcomes begins to increase at approximately 35 years
248   II,     9        |            positive health experiencesincrease for those with higher levels
249   II,     9        |              extent a low-quality diet, increase mortality risk. A healthy
250   II,     9        |                to a three- to four-fold increase in mortality risk. The risk
251   II,     9        |              structure and overcrowding increase the risks of accidents and
252   II,     9.  1.  2|                 There has been a slight increase in recent years in the overall
253   II,     9.  1.  2|                case registration). This increase is seen to be in part due
254   II,     9.  1.  2|                 to be in part due to an increase in the prevalence of congenital
255   II,     9.  1.  2|              advanced maternal age. The increase in average maternal age
256   II,     9.  1.  2|                 2.2 shows the resulting increase in the total prevalence
257   II,     9.  1.  2|                 per 1 000 births as the increase in TOPFA has outweighed
258   II,     9.  1.  2|                TOPFA has outweighed the increase in maternal age. In 2000-
259   II,     9.  1.  2|                than 20 years). A strong increase in gastroschisis prevalence
260   II,     9.  1.  2|                  rates are lower and an increase in prevalence has not been
261   II,     9.  1.  2|              adverse outcomes begins to increase at approximately 35 years
262   II,     9.  2.  3|            among boys and girls, and to increase slightly between 11 and
263   II,     9.  2.  3|             Agency warned of a dramatic increase in the number of cases in
264   II,     9.  2.  3|                women has also led to an increase in the transmission of the
265   II,     9.  2.  3|           growing crisis with the rapid increase in obesity in the population.
266   II,     9.  2.  3|                 threatened by the rapid increase of child obesity. At the
267   II,     9.  2.  3|           childhood years, including an increase in type two diabetes(see
268   II,     9.  2.  5|                Rights of the Child~- To increase cooperation with stakeholders~-
269   II,     9.  3.  1|               in quality of life and an increase in the risk for illnesses
270   II,     9.  3.  1|             followed by a near fourfold increase in the median death rate
271   II,     9.  3.  1|               is a significantly steady increase in Hungary and Lithuania,
272   II,     9.  3.  1|                 diabetes is expected to increase by 21% in the European Region
273   II,     9.  3.  1|        according to the IDF Atlas. This increase will be largely driven by
274   II,     9.  3.  1|                women has also led to an increase in the transmission of the
275   II,     9.  3.  1|               There has been a marginal increase in Austria, Germany, Hungary,
276   II,     9.  3.  1|                  and a more significant increase in Slovenia and the UK (
277   II,     9.  3.  1|                HPA) recorded a dramatic increase in the number of cases,
278   II,     9.  3.  1|                 Since the mid 1990s, an increase in the cases of gonorrhoea
279   II,     9.  3.  1|              example, experienced a 35% increase in male cases and a 32%
280   II,     9.  3.  1|            expectancy does not bring an increase in the time spent with severe
281   II,     9.  3.  1|              climacteric. They begin to increase in the menopausal transition,
282   II,     9.  3.  1|    progressively with age, the slope of increase slows around the time of
283   II,     9.  3.  1|              and related bone fractures increase with age. Low bone mass
284   II,     9.  3.  1|          deteriorated, however, with an increase in morbidity and mortality
285   II,     9.  3.  1|              androgen production and an increase in the older population,
286   II,     9.  3.  1|            decrease in lean mass and an increase in fat mass (particularly
287   II,     9.  3.  1|            positive health experiencesincrease for those with higher levels
288   II,     9.  3.  1|                 expectancy continues to increase, a challenge for the future
289   II,     9.  3.  1|              1999) The likely worldwide increase in erectile dysfunction
290   II,     9.  3.  2|          conceive, but these treatments increase multiple births – which
291   II,     9.  3.  3|                 Bajos et al, 2003); the increase in the proportion of women
292   II,     9.  3.  3|               has a general tendency to increase. This time period became
293   II,     9.  3.  3|               there has been a stronger increase in the number of sexual
294   II,     9.  3.  3|                 use of condom, after an increase from 1993 to 1998, decreased
295   II,     9.  3.  3|                Fenton et al, 2001). The increase in risky sexual behaviours
296   II,     9.  3.  3|      concurrency of partnerships and an increase in risky behaviours.~ ~Sexual
297   II,     9.  3.  3| curriculum-based sex education does not increase risky sexual behaviour (
298   II,     9.  3.  3|               parental relations.~ ~The increase of risky sexual behaviour
299   II,     9.  4.  1|               age in the EU (37.7) will increase to 52.3 in 2028. These demographic
300   II,     9.  4.  3|             population will continue to increase; while the proportion of
301   II,     9.  4.  3|          depression and dementia and an increase in the provision of psychotherapeutic
302   II,     9.  4.  3|                There has been a notable increase in sexually transmitted
303   II,     9.  4.  3|            older people, although rates increase with age, doubling every
304   II,     9.  4.  3|                is not accompanied by an increase in the time spent with severe
305   II,     9.  4.  4|              extent a low-quality diet, increase mortality risk. A healthy
306   II,     9.  4.  4|                to a three- to four-fold increase in mortality risk. The risk
307   II,     9.  4.  4|              structure and overcrowding increase the risks of accidents and
308   II,     9.  4.  5|                 in the community and to increase educational and social activity
309   II,     9.  4.  5|             clearly be opportunities to increase employment. The health and
310   II,     9.  4.  5|             lower socio-economic status increase the risk of ill health.
311   II,     9.  4.  6|               years have led to a steep increase in life expectancy for both
312   II,     9.  4.  6|           Western Europe. However, this increase in life expectancy has also
313   II,     9.  5.  3|            positive health experiencesincrease for those with higher levels
314   II,     9.  5.  3|                of ill-health is seen to increase steadily with decreasing
315   II,     9.  5.  3|        statement are patchy. A marginal increase was seen in Belgium, Estonia,
316   II,     9.  5.  3|            contraceptives is thought to increase the risk of cardiovascular
317   II,     9.  5.  3|      Hammarström and Janlert, 2005) and increase reproductive and health
318   II,     9.  5.  3|               in older age. Poverty can increase with age, and leave some
319   II,     9.  5.  4|           health in its prevention, and increase violence prevention activities
320   II,     9.  5.  4|            policies and programmes that increase access of the most vulnerable
321  III,    10.  1.  1|             environmental factors which increase energy intake and / or reduce
322  III,    10.  1.  1|                 subjects demonstrate an increase in energy intake. However,
323  III,    10.  1.  1|    physical activity have been shown to increase the proportion of calories
324  III,    10.  1.  1|            events. Life events can both increase and decrease alcohol consumption
325  III,    10.  1.  1|       concurrency of partnership and an increase in risk behaviours.~ ~
326  III,    10.  2.  1|                 therapies significantly increase the probability of long
327  III,    10.  2.  1|                 mortality will probably increase in due time to reflect the
328  III,    10.  2.  1|             among girls. The unexpected increase in cigarette consumption
329  III,    10.  2.  1|               of glucose, as well as an increase in blood pressure, respiration
330  III,    10.  2.  1|            effects of snuff use include increase of blood pressure, increased
331  III,    10.  2.  1|               of behavioral therapy can increase the quitting rate by another
332  III,    10.  2.  1|              scale maximum of 100. This increase is mainly due to three TCS
333  III,    10.  2.  1|                and advertising bans. No increase in average scores for pricing,
334  III,    10.  2.  1|              Raw, 2007). In particular, increase of spending on tobacco control
335  III,    10.  2.  1|                by cause, from a 1 litre increase in per capita alcohol consumption~ ~
336  III,    10.  2.  1|         relationships between a 1 litre increase in alcohol consumption and
337  III,    10.  2.  1|        demonstrate a two- to three-fold increase in the risk of depressive
338  III,    10.  2.  1|              category. The impact of an increase in alcohol price is stronger
339  III,    10.  2.  1|                 to price. Policies that increase alcohol prices have been
340  III,    10.  2.  1|               at the cost of an overall increase in problems.~Around-the-clock
341  III,    10.  2.  1|         re-instituted, there was a 3.6% increase in alcohol sales (Norstrom
342  III,    10.  2.  1|       advertisements and media exposure increase the likelihood of young
343  III,    10.  2.  1|                driving. Furthermore, an increase in passenger alcohol consumption
344  III,    10.  2.  1|                 survey shows an overall increase in the prevalence of cannabis
345  III,    10.  2.  1|                2003, with a more marked increase between 1995 and 1999 (Figure
346  III,    10.  2.  1|              1999 (Figure 10.2.3.1). An increase in the lifetime prevalence
347  III,    10.  2.  1|         indicate that there might be an increase in problem opioid use in
348  III,    10.  2.  1|                experienced an important increase in opioid, mainly heroin,
349  III,    10.  2.  1|        phenomenon has caused a dramatic increase in drug-related deaths and
350  III,    10.  2.  1|                 second wave of drug use increase during the 90s.~ ~Currently,
351  III,    10.  2.  1|                 parent trainings.~ ~The increase of opiate use and injecting
352  III,    10.  2.  1|        represents a more than sevenfold increase since 1993, when substitution
353  III,    10.  2.  1|         developments~ ~After a dramatic increase in drug use and drug-related
354  III,    10.  2.  1|                Between 1993 and 2003 an increase in the proportion of children
355  III,    10.  2.  1|             breathing and a substantial increase in heart rate (WHO, 2006a).
356  III,    10.  2.  1|         Eurobarometer surveys showed an increase in the proportion of people
357  III,    10.  2.  1|                  Finland saw an overall increase in the proportion of those
358  III,    10.  2.  1|                the mid-90s, the general increase in activity has levelled
359  III,    10.  2.  1|                this amount will further increase given the rising obesity
360  III,    10.  2.  1|                 individuals are able to increase calcium intake in this way.
361  III,    10.  2.  1|        interfere with the absorption or increase the nutrient requirements.
362  III,    10.  2.  1|                 trans fatty acids;~· to increase the consumption of fruit,
363  III,    10.  2.  1|                 by children, such as an increase in fruit and vegetable intake.
364  III,    10.  2.  1|                In light of the dramatic increase in obesity amongst schoolchildren,
365  III,    10.  2.  1|               2007~ ~With today’s rapid increase in overweight and obesity
366  III,    10.  2.  1|            last-mentioned approach will increase energy allowance and give
367  III,    10.  2.  1|              related determinants (e.g. increase opportunities to engage
368  III,    10.  2.  1|                  Astrup A (2004): Major increase in prevalence of overweight
369  III,    10.  2.  2|                around 200 mg/dL). A 10% increase in plasma total cholesterol
370  III,    10.  2.  2|       cholesterol is associated with an increase of 27% in CHD incidence,
371  III,    10.  2.  3|           systolic or 10 mmHg diastolic increase, there is a doubling of
372  III,    10.  2.  3|               80 mmHg. Even an isolated increase in SBP is associated to
373  III,    10.  2.  4|                 polymorphism in stroke (increase of risk) and Alzheimer’s
374  III,    10.  2.  5|          immunological function and the increase of genetic instability.
375  III,    10.  2.  5|               of the elderly include an increase of fat mass and a reduction
376  III,    10.  2.  5|      water-soluble substances and to an increase of distribution volume of
377  III,    10.  3.  1|              evidence indicates that an increase in skin cancers in the Western
378  III,    10.  3.  1|               growth in traffic and the increase of population living in
379  III,    10.  3.  1|             suggesting that radon could increase the risk of childhood leukaemia
380  III,    10.  3.  1|          ventilation, which will likely increase indoor radon exposure. Almost
381  III,    10.  3.  1|                incidence is expected to increase further in Southern European
382  III,    10.  3.  1|                  Many of these diseases increase with age and therefore only
383  III,    10.  3.  1|                in case of a significant increase in exposure due to natural
384  III,    10.  3.  2|            today’s society, and thereby increase the exposure to them of
385  III,    10.  3.  3|           figures, shows that a general increase in MRSA is occurring throughout
386  III,    10.  3.  3|                 cruise ships are on the increase, but it should be noted
387  III,    10.  3.  4|                 decreased cold exposure~Increase in frequency of warm spells/
388  III,    10.  3.  4|             young and socially isolated~Increase in frequency of heavy precipitation
389  III,    10.  3.  4|              and mental health problems~Increase in drought areas~Likely~
390  III,    10.  3.  4|            climate change has caused an increase in the frequency and intensity
391  III,    10.  3.  4|              average global temperature increase to a maximum of 2°C compared
392  III,    10.  3.  4|               need to limit temperature increase to 2°C. Recent studies point
393  III,    10.  3.  4|         decrease in Southern Europe and increase in Northern Europe. Health
394  III,    10.  3.  4|             without acclimatisation the increase in heat related deaths by
395  III,    10.  3.  4|                 floods are projected to increase. Preliminary results for
396  III,    10.  3.  4|             year flood are projected to increase with up to 40% for the Upper
397  III,    10.  3.  4|         mortality has been estimated to increase 14% for each degree increase
398  III,    10.  3.  4|           increase 14% for each degree increase of temperature above a cut-off
399  III,    10.  3.  4|               During heat-waves, deaths increase from a range of causes.~ ~
400  III,    10.  3.  4|                 thermoregulation and/or increase cardiac output and thereby
401  III,    10.  3.  4|          elimination. Heat exposure can increase medication toxicity and/
402  III,    10.  3.  4|               account for a temperature increase of up to 4.6°C during summer
403  III,    10.  3.  4|          rainfall and runoff events may increase the total microbial loads
404  III,    10.  3.  4|             previous studies suggest an increase in suicide after a flood,
405  III,    10.  3.  4|              water levels in rivers can increase the loads of contaminants
406  III,    10.  3.  4|              incentives for citizens to increase their ability to resist
407  III,    10.  3.  4|                 of drought is likely to increase, particularly in Southern
408  III,    10.  4.  1|           effects on health, such as an increase in mortality and emergency
409  III,    10.  4.  1|        allergens, allergic diseases may increase in Europe in the coming
410  III,    10.  4.  1|                coincided with a general increase in the density of road traffic
411  III,    10.  4.  1|           environment contribute to the increase in asthma prevalence. Indoor
412  III,    10.  4.  1|             buildings. This leads to an increase in indoor humidity, which
413  III,    10.  4.  1|               mould, bacteria) but also increase the release of chemicals
414  III,    10.  4.  2|                 mechanisms necessary to increase consumer confidence in food
415  III,    10.  4.  2|              taken by the Commission to increase the level of food safety
416  III,    10.  4.  2|                registered a significant increase in hazards arising from
417  III,    10.  4.  3|                 average there was a 70% increase in coverage from 1980 to
418  III,    10.  4.  3|                1980 to 2003, with a 20% increase from 1995 to 2003.~ ~Figure
419  III,    10.  4.  3|                 water availability will increase and approaches to re-using
420  III,    10.  4.  5|         countries is growing due to the increase in economic activity. Economic
421  III,    10.  4.  5|               the 1996-2004 period. The increase in the EECCA countries until
422  III,    10.  4.  5|                 health effects (i.e. an increase of soft tissues sarcoma
423  III,    10.  4.  5|                 Considering the current increase of waste production and
424  III,    10.  5.  1|                 can enforce, prolong or increase the exposure to indoor pollutants
425  III,    10.  5.  1|                design features that may increase the risk of an accident
426  III,    10.  5.  1|             studies have shown that the increase of asthmatic symptoms in
427  III,    10.  5.  1|                and forested areas, thus increase the number of tick infections (
428  III,    10.  5.  2|                in Germany the mortality increase and decrease is occurring
429  III,    10.  5.  3|                 women. In both sexes an increase has been seen since 2001.
430  III,    10.  5.  3|              the result of a continuous increase in female participation
431  III,    10.  5.  3|               patterns (new technology, increase of the service sector) as
432  III,    10.  5.  3|          teaching and there has been an increase in delivering health and
433  III,    10.  5.  3|            workers (aged 55 to 65) will increase by almost 9% from 2005 to
434  III,    10.  5.  3|              contribution to population increase. According to estimates,
435  III,    10.  5.  3|              Studies have shown that an increase in work-related stress also
436  III,    10.  5.  3|                 have been matched by an increase in employeesautonomy over
437  III,    10.  5.  3|              non-standard working times increase the risk of cardiovascular
438  III,    10.  5.  3|         maintained, and not lead to any increase in other risks~- Following
439  III,    10.  6.  1|             crime reduction effects and increase the confidence of residents
440  III,    10.  6.  2|         important are the steps made to increase population coverage, address
441  III,    10.  6.  2|                U! And You?’ in order to increase the use of early detection
442  III,    10.  6.  3|             crime reduction effects and increase the confidence of residents
443   IV,    11.  1.  1|              health system are meant to increase the population’s health,
444   IV,    11.  1.  3|          countries, had numerous goals: increase the responsibility of individuals
445   IV,    11.  1.  3|              activity-based payments to increase productivity (e.g. in Italy).
446   IV,    11.  1.  3|                 a lack of incentives to increase efficiency; and only short-term
447   IV,    11.  1.  5|              public arguably serves to: increase public accountability of
448   IV,    11.  1.  5|                made in all countries to increase the rate of screening among
449   IV,    11.  1.  5|        programmes have the potential to increase the physician’s use of evidence-based
450   IV,    11.  1.  5|             progressing faster than the increase in prescriptions (Phillips
451   IV,    11.  1.  5|            countries, there has been an increase in general satisfaction
452   IV,    11.  1.  5|             only Italy and Spain saw an increase in the percentage of individuals
453   IV,    11.  1.  6|            systems have an incentive to increase activity, and could have
454   IV,    11.  1.  6|              broad diagnosis groups may increase efficiency and reduce data
455   IV,    11.  1.  6|               data manipulation but may increase quality skimping, whereas
456   IV,    11.  1.  6|              the severity of the DRG to increase reimbursement. Finally,
457   IV,    11.  2.  1|            hospitals in the EU15 and an increase of 0.8. hospitals in the
458   IV,    11.  2.  1|                can be seen alongside an increase in the proportion of day-surgery
459   IV,    11.  2.  1|                performed with an aim to increase activity, efficiency and
460   IV,    11.  2.  1|                Turkey there has been an increase in admission, while in Belgium,
461   IV,    11.  2.  1|             Netherlands, where a slight increase was seen.~ ~F ~ ~Table 11.
462   IV,    11.  2.  2|             policies, there has been an increase in funding only in some
463   IV,    11.  3.  1|                 training efforts do not increase significantly in the near
464   IV,    11.  3.  2|              countries, representing an increase in percentage points of
465   IV,    11.  3.  2|              even more countries saw an increase in the public share of spending
466   IV,    11.  5.  4|                 that have been shown to increase organ availability.~The
467   IV,    11.  5.  4|        increased over recent years. The increase in living organ donation
468   IV,    11.  5.  5|               order to contribute to an increase in organ donation knowledge,
469   IV,    11.  5.  6|          project is focusing on ways to increase the potential of organ donation,
470   IV,    11.  6.  1|                 1980 as measured by the increase in the proportion of GDP
471   IV,    11.  6.  1|           countries have seen a gradual increase in expenditure, with especially
472   IV,    11.  6.  2|              there have been efforts to increase revenue by broadening revenue
473   IV,    11.  6.  2|           equity and on efficiency. The increase in strategic resource allocation
474   IV,    11.  6.  2|                2004) corresponds to the increase in the public component
475   IV,    11.  6.  2|                 in the last decade. The increase in private funding in CEE
476   IV,    11.  6.  2|              almost wholly driven by an increase in out-of-pocket payment,
477   IV,    11.  6.  2|               across Europe followed to increase reliance on central tax.
478   IV,    11.  6.  2|               central taxation may also increase financial protection and
479   IV,    11.  6.  2|               revenue collected did not increase). In Germany it has similarly
480   IV,    11.  6.  2|        Mossialos 2008). This widespread increase in out-of-pocket payments
481   IV,    11.  6.  2|               payments may be due to an increase in cost sharing but may
482   IV,    11.  6.  2|               1980s, with a significant increase in out-of-pocket payments
483   IV,    11.  6.  3|                 example, in Finland, an increase in the average rate of local
484   IV,    11.  6.  4|                 time, there has been an increase in user charges in some
485   IV,    11.  6.  5|                 t reduce costs and they increase inequity [editorial]." British
486   IV,    12.  2    |             cholesterol. Because of the increase of obesity (the so called
487   IV,    12.  2    |                Member States;~- Help to increase the coherence of actions
488   IV,    12.  2    |               of behavioral therapy can increase the quitting rate by another
489   IV,    12.  2    |              category. The impact of an increase in alcohol price is stronger
490   IV,    12.  2    |                 to price. Policies that increase alcohol prices have been
491   IV,    12.  2    |               at the cost of an overall increase in problems. Around-the-clock
492   IV,    12.  2    |         re-instituted, there was a 3.6% increase in alcohol sales.~ ~Almost
493   IV,    12.  2    |       advertisements and media exposure increase the likelihood of young
494   IV,    12.  2    |                and driving. Further, an increase in passenger alcohol consumption
495   IV,    12.  5    |                  Promote initiatives to increase healthy life years and promote
496   IV,    12. 10    |               from industry in order to increase the amount of wholegrain
497   IV,    12. 10    |             Control (FCTC) (Nov 2005)~ ~Increase in excise duties charged
498   IV,    13.Acr    |             policies, there has been an increase in funding only in some
499   IV,    13.  4    |                for: "specific action to increase the participation of migrants
500   IV,    13.  5    |          through which factors that may increase the quality of life in the