Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1            |            of specific policies and control tools to address emerging
  2    -,     1            |           are the main policies and control tools adopted so far and,
  3    -,     1            |               iv) Risk factors; (v) Control tools and policies; (vi)
  4    -,     1            |     implement adequate policies and control tools to further improve
  5    I,     2.  1        |             made the prevention and control of zoonoses and food borne
  6    I,     2.  2        |       issues much more difficult to control. Globalization has also
  7    I,     2.  2        |             made the prevention and control of food-borne and other
  8    I,     2.  5        |          there is little individual control over the work.~ ~A third
  9    I,     2.  5        |             less job security, less control over their working time,
 10    I,     2.  5        |        countries. Perceived lack of control over work is a well-documented
 11    I,     2.  8        |            containable by effective control systems. Debate about long
 12    I,     2.  8        |       safety practices, measures of control of pollutant emissions,
 13    I,     2.  8        |       energy companies, in order to control air, soil or water pollutants’
 14    I,     2. 10.  4    |      through decontamination, stock control and supplies management,
 15    I,     2. 10.  4    |            with supplies (inventory control, product recall, etc.).
 16    I,     2. 10.  4    |  simplification of product identity control and quantity checks of incoming
 17   II,     5.  1.  1    |            At individual level, the control of behavioural risk factors,
 18   II,     5.  1.  1    |         cancer (WCRF, 2007). Cancer control priority should be given
 19   II,     5.  1.  1    |            of inadequacy or lack of control in life, depression, anxiety,
 20   II,     5.  1.  1    |         chemicals in the brain that control hunger, appetite, and digestion;
 21   II,     5.  1.  2    |          controlled. The quality of control is directly dependent on
 22   II,     5.  1.  2    |          been educated as to how to control the disease. Patient-centeredness
 23   II,     5.  1.  3    |          with the disease, locus of control, health beliefs, and socio-cultural
 24   II,     5.  2.  3    |            to an improvement in the control of hypertension; there is
 25   II,     5.  2.  5    |                              5.2.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Results
 26   II,     5.  2.  5    |            lipid and blood pressure control are the milestones of CVD
 27   II,     5.  2.  5    |             step of the nutritional control of these risk factors (Poli
 28   II,     5.  2.  5    |            1998).~Experience in CVD control, spelt out in the European
 29   II,     5.  2.  5    |             disease (including CVD) control and will help reduce inequalities
 30   II,     5.  2.  6    |             interventions useful to control plasma cholesterol levels
 31   II,     5.  2.  6    |            of both SBP and DPB. The control of overweight, a reduction
 32   II,     5.  2.  7    |                 Non-pharmacological control of plasma cholesterol levels.
 33   II,     5.  3.  2    |            goal of improving cancer control. Today, 15 of the EU-27
 34   II,     5.  3.  2    |     procedures and efficient cancer control monitoring across Europe.
 35   II,     5.  3.  2    |            for evaluation of cancer control, including incidence, screening
 36   II,     5.  3.  2    |            are necessary for cancer control and epidemiological research,
 37   II,     5.  3.  2    |    scientific strategies for cancer control. The Agency is involved
 38   II,     5.  3.  2    |         cancer registries in cancer control, health-care planning and
 39   II,     5.  3.  4    |         cancer (WCRF, 2007). Cancer control priority should be given
 40   II,     5.  3.  7    |                               5.3.6 Control tools and policies~ ~Cancer
 41   II,     5.  3.  7    |         tools and policies~ ~Cancer control means cancer prevention,
 42   II,     5.  3.  7    |            to plan effective cancer control programmes is finalized
 43   II,     5.  3.  7    |             one of the major cancer control priorities to be addressed
 44   II,     5.  3.  7    |        Plans~ ~Definition of cancer control plan~ ~The cancer burden
 45   II,     5.  3.  7    |           the health system.~Cancer control plans (NCPs) are very important
 46   II,     5.  3.  7    |           main objectives of cancer control for a given timeframe. Obviously,
 47   II,     5.  3.  7    |          Union activities on cancer control plans~ ~A number of EU Member
 48   II,     5.  3.  7    |             steps to improve cancer control.~ ~Table 5.3.2. Cancer national
 49   II,     5.  3.  7    |        Table 5.3.2. Cancer national control plans in place in EU and
 50   II,     5.  3.  7    |        components for global cancer control and areas which could be
 51   II,     5.  3.  7    |         plans, comprehensive cancer control programmes and population-based
 52   II,     5.  3.  7    |          fundamental role in cancer control. Slovenia, who took over
 53   II,     5.  3.  7    |        addressing four basic cancer control factors: prevention, early
 54   II,     5.  3.  7    |       provide leadership for cancer control activities in Europe.~ ~
 55   II,     5.  3.  8    |     integrated and effective cancer control policy for Europe should
 56   II,     5.  3.  8    |       escalation of costs of cancer control, that even rich countries
 57   II,     5.  3.  9    |               Strategies for cancer control in Italy. Tumori 93(4):
 58   II,     5.  3.  9    |            Coleman M (2003): Cancer control in Europe: a proposed set
 59   II,     5.  3.  9    |       improve and strengthen cancer control programmes in Europe. htt f (
 60   II,     5.  3.  9    |     Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases. htt f (
 61   II,     5.  4.  1    |     potentially preventable through control of overweight and obesity.
 62   II,     5.  4.  2    |            eye examination and poor control of Glycated HaemoglobinHbA1c,
 63   II,     5.  4.  2    |           Proximal outcomes~ ~HbA1c control ~LDL-C control~Distal outcomes~
 64   II,     5.  4.  2    |     outcomes~ ~HbA1c control ~LDL-C control~Distal outcomes~Lower extremity
 65   II,     5.  4.  2    |             can be used for quality control purposes.~ ~
 66   II,     5.  4.  2    |      important indicator of lipidic control that is measured as the
 67   II,     5.  4.  2    |      important indicator of lipidic control that is measured as the
 68   II,     5.  4.  2    |      important indicator of lipidic control that is measured as the
 69   II,     5.  4.  2    |         proteinuria.~Blood pressure control is measured through the
 70   II,     5.  4.  2    |          treatment within 3 months.~Control of serum creatinine is defined
 71   II,     5.  4.  3    |            above 65.~Blood pressure control. In EUCID, 11 countries
 72   II,     5.  4.  3    |           provided a figure of 52%.~Control of serum creatinine ths.
 73   II,     5.  4.  4    |       health sector towards a tight control of diabetes.~ ~
 74   II,     5.  4.  6    |                              5.4.6. Control tools and policies~Long
 75   II,     5.  4.  6    |             National guidelines and control plans~In 2008, only 13 of
 76   II,     5.  4.  6    |             One important aspect of control plans that applies particularly
 77   II,     5.  4.  6    |           prevention, diagnosis and control;~· the Government of Austria
 78   II,     5.  5.  1    |     regression was used in order to control age, gender, marital status,
 79   II,     5.  5.  1    |                            5.5.1.4. Control tools and policies~ ~EU
 80   II,     5.  5.  2    |                            5.5.2.5. Control and policy tools~ ~As the
 81   II,     5.  5.  3    |     year-olds. 18% of girls diet or control their weight and the number
 82   II,     5.  5.  3    |     body weight, dieting and weight control, with a higher level for
 83   II,     5.  5.  3    |         size and dieting and weight control behaviour is not clear,
 84   II,     5.  5.  3    |          estimate that 18% of girls control their weight but 36% feel
 85   II,     5.  5.  3    |            of inadequacy or lack of control in life, depression, anxiety,
 86   II,     5.  5.  3    |         chemicals in the brain that control hunger, appetite, and digestion;
 87   II,     5.  5.  3    |       self-induced vomiting to gain control over events and emotions;
 88   II,     5.  5.  3    |                          5.5.3.1.5. Control tools and policies~ ~The
 89   II,     5.  5.  3    |                          5.5.3.2.4. Control tools and policies~ ~National
 90   II,     5.  5.  3    |             the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) carried
 91   II,     5.  5.  3    |                          5.5.3.3.4. Control tools and policies~ ~On
 92   II,     5.  5.  3    |                          5.5.3.4.4. Control tools and policies~ ~Disease
 93   II,     5.  5.  3    |           severity and poor seizure control affect patientseducation,
 94   II,     5.  5.  3    |         suicide in epilepsy: a case control study. Epilepsia 43:644-
 95   II,     5.  5.  3    |                          5.5.3.5.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
 96   II,     5.  5.  3    |       pathogenetic process and help control symptoms. Goals for treating
 97   II,     5.  5.  3    |           may slow it down and help control symptoms.~As a way forward
 98   II,     5.  5.  3    |                          5.5.3.6.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
 99   II,     5.  6.  5    |                              5.6.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Strategies
100   II,     5.  6.  6    |         Strategy for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases.
101   II,     5.  7.  1    |         prevention may also help to control the cardiovascular burden
102   II,     5.  7.  1    |          diseases are not yet under control in developed countries.
103   II,     5.  7.  5    |                              5.7.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
104   II,     5.  7.  5    |        there is a system of quality control, auditing and certification
105   II,     5.  8.  3    |             age- and gender-matched control group, in the framework
106   II,     5.  8.  3    |             gender- and age-matched control group~ ~ ~In a study by
107   II,     5.  8.  5    |                              5.8.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
108   II,     5.  9. FB    |                             5.FB.6. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
109   II,     5.  9.  3    |         which is often difficult to control, asthma is responsible for
110   II,     5.  9.  5    |                              5.9.5. Control tools and policies~ ~For
111   II,     5.  9.  6    |     approach towards prevention and control of chronic respiratory diseases,
112   II,     5.  9.  7    |             E (2006): Asthma out of control? A structured review of
113   II,     5. 10.  5    |                             5.10.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Since
114   II,     5. 11.  3    |             nickel in their quality control programme and are trying
115   II,     5. 11.  5    |                             5.11.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Prevention
116   II,     5. 12.  1    |           and alcohol drinking: the control of alcohol drinking is the
117   II,     5. 12.  3    |           variceal bleeding, better control of liver functions and liver
118   II,     5. 12.  5    |                             5.12.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
119   II,     5. 12.  5    |            diseases is based on the control of HBV vaccination (sse
120   II,     5. 12.  5    |        vaccination (sse Chapter 6), control of HCV transmission (see
121   II,     5. 12.  5    |           alcohol drinking.~ ~Thus, control of alcohol drinking is the
122   II,     5. 12.  5    |         vaccination against HBV and control of HCV infection will also
123   II,     5. 12.  5    |          have favourable impacts to control this cause of disease and
124   II,     5. 12.  5    |           absence of a vaccine, the control of HCV has been later and
125   II,     5. 12.  5    |      avoidance of alcohol drinking.~Control of alcohol drinking is also
126   II,     5. 14.  2    |              in order to rationally control costs, help assure quality
127   II,     5. 14.  2    |             of methodology, quality control, and presentation of results.
128   II,     5. 14.  4    | developments in order to prevent or control oral diseases~ ~Currently
129   II,     5. 14.  5    |                             5.14.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
130   II,     5. 14.  5    |        Primary prevention~ ~For the control of smoking see Chapter 8;
131   II,     5. 14.  5    |      smoking see Chapter 8; for the control of excessive alcohol consumption
132   II,     5. 14.  5    |            to caries prevention and control, the most effective approaches
133   II,     5. 15.  4    |                             5.15.4. Control tools and policies~ ~Several
134   II,     6.Acr        |           of Disease Prevention and Control~EWRS~Early Warning and Response
135   II,     6.  2.  0(1) |           of Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) produced to serve
136   II,     6.  3.  1    |            concerted prevention and control action by Member States (
137   II,     6.  3.  1    |             vaccination and similar control measures) could lead to
138   II,     6.  3.  1    | communicable disease prevention and control are managed and in the surveillance
139   II,     6.  3.  1    |        surveillance, prevention and control: not only within countries
140   II,     6.  3.  2    |             serious challenge to TB control today. Multi-drug resistant
141   II,     6.  3.  2    |        classes has been reported.~ ~Control tools and policies~ ~Control
142   II,     6.  3.  2    |        Control tools and policies~ ~Control tools include surveillance,
143   II,     6.  3.  2    |              and Acinetobacter.~ ~ ~Control tools and policies~ ~ ~Approximately
144   II,     6.  3.  2    |           by an intensive infection control programme that includes
145   II,     6.  3.  2    |            of clinicians, infection control staff and microbiologists,
146   II,     6.  3.  2    |           up or reinforce infection control programmes with surveillance.~ ~
147   II,     6.  3.  3    |            EU country does occur.~ ~Control tools and policies~ ~It
148   II,     6.  3.  4    |         transmission. Therefore, TB control relies mainly on the detection
149   II,     6.  3.  4    |           Union leading to a poorer control of the disease, have been
150   II,     6.  3.  4    |             respectively in 2005.~ ~Control tools and policies~ ~In
151   II,     6.  3.  4    |       guidelines for prevention and control of TB in immigrants, needs
152   II,     6.  3.  5    |        pertussis in order to refine control measures.~ ~Diphtheria~ ~
153   II,     6.  3.  6    |            difficult to prevent and control. Effective surveillance
154   II,     6.  3.  6    |            animal and environmental control authorities. Effective prevention
155   II,     6.  3.  6    |            Effective prevention and control requires close collaboration
156   II,     6.  3.  6    |    principal route of transmission. Control measures are directed at
157   II,     6.  3.  6    |             inhalation of aerosols. Control measures to prevent the
158   II,     6.  3.  7    |             terms of prevention and control. Imported cases through
159   II,     6.  3.  7    |   indirectly from infected animals. Control measures include the correct
160   II,     6.  4        |                                6.4. Control tools and policies~ ~
161   II,     6.  4.  1    |       created.~ ~The monitoring and control of communicable diseases
162   II,     6.  4.  1    |           preventive programmes and control measures.~ ~In responding
163   II,     6.  4.  1    |    epidemiological surveillance and control of communicable diseases
164   II,     6.  4.  1    |            was set up to detect and control communicable disease in
165   II,     6.  4.  2    |         responsible for measures to control communicable diseases and
166   II,     6.  4.  2    |          for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). EEA Countries (Iceland,
167   II,     6.  4.  4    |          for Disease Prevention and Control inaugurated in Stockholm
168   II,     6.  4.  4    |    Epidemiological Surveillance and Control. The ECDC assists the Commission
169   II,     6.  4.  5    |            The European strategy to control antimicrobial resistance
170   II,     6.  4.  5    |    epidemiological surveillance and control of communicable diseases (
171   II,     6.  4.  5    |            on hygiene and infection control standards) and the general
172   II,     7.  5        |                     7.5. Policy and Control Tools~ ~No situation is
173   II,     7.  5        |          scientific journal (Injury Control and Safety Promotion) and
174   II,     8.  1.  5    |                 8.1.5. Policies and control tools~ ~Equality of opportunity
175   II,     8.  2.  1    |                            8.2.1.5. Control tools and policies~ ~People
176   II,     8.  2.  2    |                            8.2.2.5. Control tools and policies~ ~The
177   II,     8.  2.  2    |           impairment remain disease control, human resource development,
178   II,     8.  2.  2    | interdependence is obvious: disease control and elimination require
179   II,     9            |           or the idea that it might control weight gain. In many cases
180   II,     9.  1.  1    |         1866; US Center for Disease Control, 1992; Semenow, 1872). In
181   II,     9.  1.  1    |           66.~US Center for Disease Control (1992): Proceedings of the
182   II,     9.  1.  1    |     Maryland: US Center for Disease Control; National Center for Health
183   II,     9.  1.  2    |                            9.1.2.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Primary
184   II,     9.  2.  3    |            eating disorders. Weight control methods such as dieting
185   II,     9.  2.  3    |            between unhealthy weight control behaviours and infrequent
186   II,     9.  2.  3    |           engaged in extreme weight control behaviours, compared with
187   II,     9.  2.  4    |           or the idea that it might control weight gain. In many cases
188   II,     9.  2.  5    |                              9.2.5. Control tools and policies~ ~ ~Control
189   II,     9.  2.  5    |      Control tools and policies~ ~ ~Control tools and policies are provided
190   II,     9.  3.  1    |           disease, women had poorer control of blood pressure and a
191   II,     9.  3.  1    |           ready evasion of appetite control by these foods, drinks and
192   II,     9.  3.  1    |                            9.3.1.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Control
193   II,     9.  3.  1    |        Control tools and policies~ ~Control tools and policies are provided
194   II,     9.  3.  1    |              2003): Women's Lack of Control Over STI Risks Drives Microbicide
195   II,     9.  3.  2    |               US Center for Disease Control (1992): Proceedings of the
196   II,     9.  3.  2    |     Maryland: US Center for Disease Control; National Center for Health
197   II,     9.  3.  3    |                            9.3.3.4. Control tools and policies~ ~Obviously,
198   II,     9.  3.  3    |             GA. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.~Shepherd
199   II,     9.  4.  3    |       through systolic hypertension control (Geriatric Medicine Society,
200   II,     9.  4.  5    |                              9.4.5. Control tools and policies~ ~Control
201   II,     9.  4.  5    |        Control tools and policies~ ~Control tools and policies are provided
202   II,     9.  4.  5    |             Chapter 10.~ ~As far as control tools and policies in elderly
203   II,     9.  4.  5    |         quality, standards and cost control - often centrally driven -
204   II,     9.  4.  5    |             Strategy to prevent and control non-communicable diseases
205   II,     9.  5.  3    |            engage in dieting/weight control behaviour and can also be
206   II,     9.  5.  3    |        smoking as a means of weight control, and to continue smoking,
207   II,     9.  5.  3    |           by the idea that it might control weight gain. It has been
208   II,     9.  5.  3    |          intervention programmes to control adolescent smoking, in particular
209   II,     9.  5.  4    |                              9.5.4. Control tools and policies~ ~Table
210   II,     9.  5.  6    |              2003): Women's Lack of Control Over STI Risks Drives Microbicide
211   II,     9.  5.  6    |       Health~ ~Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) (2001):
212  III,    10.  1        |             under strict regulatory control.~ ~ ~
213  III,    10.  1.  1    |          factors such as volitional control towards exercise, food-related
214  III,    10.  1.  1    |            sociability, self-worth, control/responsibility, intimacy,
215  III,    10.  1.  3    |             of exercise on appetite control: loose coupling between
216  III,    10.  1.  3    |             of exercise on appetite control: implications for energy
217  III,    10.  1.  3    |   physical activity and body-weight control. Proc Nutr Soc 62:663-666.~
218  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control~GDP~Gross Domestic Product~
219  III,    10.  2.  1    |       Second-hand smoke~TCS~Tobacco Control Scale~TSNAs~Tobacco Specific
220  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Exacerbation of and poor control of asthma~- Impaired lung
221  III,    10.  2.  1    |            of 2006. The WHO Tobacco Control database uses these data
222  III,    10.  2.  1    |             interventionstobacco control in the EU~ ~Collective interventions
223  III,    10.  2.  1    |             broad strategic tobacco control approach. The current EU-wide
224  III,    10.  2.  1    |            mainstreaming of tobacco control into a range of other Community
225  III,    10.  2.  1    |             a major role in tobacco control at global level.~ ~EU action
226  III,    10.  2.  1    |            contributions to tobacco control both in Europe and globally.
227  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which all Member
228  III,    10.  2.  1    |      further advancement of tobacco control at EU and Member State level.~
229  III,    10.  2.  1    |       action in the area of tobacco control. These articles are concerned
230  III,    10.  2.  1    |      efforts in the area of tobacco control.~The provisions in the Treaty
231  III,    10.  2.  1    |         measures to support tobacco control. Together, they underpin
232  III,    10.  2.  1    |      initiatives to improve tobacco control. This recommendation pays
233  III,    10.  2.  1    |            legal ground for tobacco control measures. There is a broad
234  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is the first-ever
235  III,    10.  2.  1    |             a comprehensive tobacco control framework (WHO ). The FCTC
236  III,    10.  2.  1    |             focal point for tobacco control;~· the inclusion of tobacco
237  III,    10.  2.  1    |     development of national tobacco control programmes.~ ~Under the
238  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Their Reso 62 on Tobacco Control supports the WHO Framework
239  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and urges UN Member States
240  III,    10.  2.  1    |        States to strengthen tobacco control measures and programmes.~
241  III,    10.  2.  1    |         implemented all key tobacco control measures. The report also
242  III,    10.  2.  1    |           of global tobacco use and control efforts, the WHO has found
243  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which came into force in
244  III,    10.  2.  1    |            than spending on tobacco control in middle-income countries
245  III,    10.  2.  1    |          than they spend on tobacco control.~ ~Snuff and tobacco harm
246  III,    10.  2.  1    |              2007).~Current tobacco control policies seek to reduce
247  III,    10.  2.  1    |           such as effective tobacco control policies in Sweden may have
248  III,    10.  2.  1    |            1.5. Progress in tobacco control in 30 European countries,
249  III,    10.  2.  1    |            The "Progress in Tobacco Control in 30 European Counrties
250  III,    10.  2.  1    |      results of a survey on tobacco control activity in 30 European
251  III,    10.  2.  1    |          and 2007 using the Tobacco Control Scale (TCS) and based on
252  III,    10.  2.  1    |             the spending on tobacco control and advertising bans. No
253  III,    10.  2.  1    |  significant improvement in tobacco control in Europe in this period
254  III,    10.  2.  1    |           of tobacco use:~· Tobacco control programmes should be comprehensive
255  III,    10.  2.  1    |          capita per year on tobacco control.~· Countries should introduce
256  III,    10.  2.  1    |            progress made in tobacco control, smoking continues to be
257  III,    10.  2.  1    |         clear evidence that tobacco control measures can make a considerable
258  III,    10.  2.  1    |     increase of spending on tobacco control and the implementation of
259  III,    10.  2.  1    |         evidence shows that tobacco control interventions are the second
260  III,    10.  2.  1    |          for public health. Tobacco Control; 12:360-367~ ~Boyle P, Autier
261  III,    10.  2.  1    |          2008): Progress in tobacco control in 30 European countries,
262  III,    10.  2.  1    |           an equity lens to tobacco control policies. Brussels: ENSP,
263  III,    10.  2.  1    |        developed countries. Tobacco Control, 1994; 3: 242-247.~ ~Luo
264  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Available at:~htt ~ ~WHO (
265  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Data database~WHO tobacco control database~WHO-HFA. WHO -
266  III,    10.  2.  1    |         DatabaseWHO-EURO Alcohol Control Database~· WHO Global Alcohol
267  III,    10.  2.  1    |                         10.2.1.2.4. Control tools and policies.~ ~Risk
268  III,    10.  2.  1    |         deaths that occurred in the control group without the intervention
269  III,    10.  2.  1    |          Alcohol, tobacco and local control. A comparison of several
270  III,    10.  2.  1(1) |          placed under international control by the 1961 UN Single Convention
271  III,    10.  2.  1(1) |          placed under international control by the 1971 UN Convention
272  III,    10.  2.  1    |                         10.2.1.3.4. Control tools and policies~ ~The
273  III,    10.  2.  1    |       exchange, risk-assessment and control of new psychoactive substances18.~
274  III,    10.  2.  1    |        general health. In addition, control of oral disease depends
275  III,    10.  2.  1    |  inflammation indicates that plaque control at this early age is often
276  III,    10.  2.  1    |        dental caries prevention and control of periodontal diseases.
277  III,    10.  2.  1    |          are important also for the control of advanced periodontal
278  III,    10.  2.  1    |                         10.2.1.5.4. Control tools and policies~ ~The
279  III,    10.  2.  1    |                         10.2.1.6.4. Control tools and policies~ ~Thanks
280  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases,
281  III,    10.  2.  1    |                         10.2.1.7.5. Control tools and policies~ ~The
282  III,    10.  2.  1    |          the obesity epidemic under control. Most countries in the WHO
283  III,    10.  2.  1    |            efforts in workplaces to control overweight and obesity is
284  III,    10.  2.  1    |          Assessment, prevention and control. A guide for programme managers.
285  III,    10.  2.  1    |           ida_assessment_prevention_control.pdf~ ~Dietary patterns~ ~
286  III,    10.  2.  2    |             interventions useful to control plasma cholesterol levels
287  III,    10.  2.  3    |            both SBP and DPB. Weight control, a reduction of sodium (
288  III,    10.  2.  4    |             The Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium has recently
289  III,    10.  2.  4    |                           10.2.4.4. Control tools and policies~ ~The
290  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium (2007): Genome-wide
291  III,    10.  2.  5    |                           10.2.5.4. Control tools and policies~ ~The
292  III,    10.  3.  1    |                           10.3.1.4. Control tools and policies~ ~In
293  III,    10.  3.  2    |            Pollution Prevention and Control~JRC~Joint Research Centre
294  III,    10.  3.  2    |             under strict regulatory control ).~ ~ ~Health impact~Associations
295  III,    10.  3.  2    |   development, production of sperm, control of the menstrual cycle,
296  III,    10.  3.  2    |                           10.3.2.4. Control tools and policies~ ~The
297  III,    10.  3.  2    |            Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive (European
298  III,    10.  3.  2    |             Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements
299  III,    10.  3.  2    |            pollution prevention and control.~Available at: htt ~ ~European
300  III,    10.  3.  2    |           Directive 96/82/EC on the control of major accident hazards
301  III,    10.  3.  2    |             Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements
302  III,    10.  3.  3    |        European Centre for Diseases Control~MRSA~Methicillin-Resistant
303  III,    10.  3.  3    |        European Centre for Diseases Control (ECDC), 21 have incidence
304  III,    10.  3.  3    |            concerted prevention and control action by Member States (
305  III,    10.  3.  3    |                           10.3.3.4. Control tools and policies~ ~See
306  III,    10.  3.  4    |           to develop more effective control and policy tools.~ ~Table
307  III,    10.  3.  4    |      sanitation and hygiene, vector control, epidemiological surveillance
308  III,    10.  3.  4    |                           10.3.4.4. Control tools and policies~ ~For
309  III,    10.  4.  1    |      current and envisaged emission control legislation and continuing
310  III,    10.  4.  1    |                           10.4.1.4. Control tools and policies~ ~During
311  III,    10.  4.  1    |     particular, effective pollution control policies can be summarized
312  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point~IESTI~International
313  III,    10.  4.  2    |             integration of national control systems; and~· transparent
314  III,    10.  4.  2    |             concerning the official control of foodstuffs and a concerted
315  III,    10.  4.  2    |           as well as regulatory and control measures when and where
316  III,    10.  4.  2    |       sampling methods for official control programmes have been harmonised
317  III,    10.  4.  2(27)|       Method validation and quality control procedures for pesticide
318  III,    10.  4.  2    |             follow for the official control of selected contaminants:~ ~•
319  III,    10.  4.  2    |           analysis for the official control of levels of mycotoxins
320  III,    10.  4.  2    |            methods for the official control of the levels of nitrates
321  III,    10.  4.  2(28)|           sampling for the official control of pesticide residues in
322  III,    10.  4.  2    |        residue levels. The national control plans, which are mainly
323  III,    10.  4.  2    |            addition to the national control programmes, the participation
324  III,    10.  4.  2    |             and Community pesticide control programmes.~ ~Zoonoses and
325  III,    10.  4.  2    |         Decision 21 19/98/EC;~• the control and eradication programmes
326  III,    10.  4.  2    |           424/EEC31 and coordinated control programmes for foodstuffs
327  III,    10.  4.  2    |           rules for the prevention, control and eradication of certain
328  III,    10.  4.  2    |           Framework for Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal
329  III,    10.  4.  2    |         programmes for the specific control of certain TADs based on
330  III,    10.  4.  2(33)|    epidemiological surveillance and control of communicable diseases
331  III,    10.  4.  2    |          feed chain;~· Establishing control programs for Salmonella
332  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles. Com 05
333  III,    10.  4.  2    |            the Community to improve control measures in the food production
334  III,    10.  4.  2    |          for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). These data covered
335  III,    10.  4.  2    |      political level. Science-based control measures by the EU and elsewhere
336  III,    10.  4.  2    |          such as the feasibility of control, underpins Community legislation
337  III,    10.  4.  2    |         principle behind regulatory control. It is expected that residues
338  III,    10.  4.  2    |        towards a common strategy of control activities among Member
339  III,    10.  4.  2    | multi-annual Community and national control programmes, the information
340  III,    10.  4.  2    |              although largely under control, are still responsible for
341  III,    10.  4.  2    |                           10.4.2.4. Control tools and policies~ ~On
342  III,    10.  4.  2    |      spatial aspects, and potential control measures are identified
343  III,    10.  4.  2    |      summarizing the results of the control activities on about 80.000
344  III,    10.  4.  2    |           effectiveness of national control systems for enforcing Community
345  III,    10.  4.  2    |       carried out regularly, with a control frequency based on risk
346  III,    10.  4.  2    |      between Community and national control systems.~ ~Member States
347  III,    10.  4.  2    |        States should apply official control with the same care to exports
348  III,    10.  4.  2    |  implementing multi-annual national control plans in accordance with
349  III,    10.  4.  2    |   priorities and the most effective control procedures. A Community
350  III,    10.  4.  2    |           the multi-annual national control plans. This report should
351  III,    10.  4.  2    |          the multi-annual nationals control plans and the annual report
352  III,    10.  4.  3    |         water. An effective quality control and water treatment mechanism
353  III,    10.  4.  3    |         water treatment and quality control. However, in some rural areas
354  III,    10.  4.  3    |         water treatment and quality control. In rural areas, drinking
355  III,    10.  4.  3    |                           10.4.3.4. Control tools and policies~ ~The
356  III,    10.  4.  5    |             faeces ( ECDC, 2005).~ ~Control tools and policies~ ~A new
357  III,    10.  4.  5    |              Volume 68: 183-197).~ ~Control tools and policies~ ~Soil
358  III,    10.  4.  5    |            Pollution Prevention and Control Directive, Water Framework
359  III,    10.  4.  5    |             keeping, monitoring and control obligations from the “cradle
360  III,    10.  4.  5    |             Basel Convention on the control of Transboundary Movements
361  III,    10.  5.  1    |                           10.5.1.7. Control tools and policies~ ~It
362  III,    10.  5.  1    |             Effect of air-pollution control on death rates in Dublin,
363  III,    10.  5.  1    |          Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) control in public housing. Journal
364  III,    10.  5.  1    |           Natural Language Computer Control of Crucial Steps in Cheesemaking.
365  III,    10.  5.  2    |                           10.5.2.4. Control tool and policies~ ~Depending
366  III,    10.  5.  2    |          symptoms in a Swedish case control study. BMC Family Practice
367  III,    10.  5.  3    |              a lack of autonomy and control at work (Karasek & Theorell,
368  III,    10.  5.  3    |          per gender~ ~A lack of job control and low social support is
369  III,    10.  5.  3    |        one-third of workers have no control over the order of tasks,
370  III,    10.  5.  3    |         lower proportions report no control over work methods or pace.
371  III,    10.  5.  3    |            likely accompanied by no control over tasks, methods and
372  III,    10.  5.  3    |           10.5.3.12). A lack of job control is more common among workers
373  III,    10.  5.  3    |          there is little individual control over the work.~A third trend
374  III,    10.  5.  3    |             less job security, less control over their working time,
375  III,    10.  5.  3    |            2002). Perceived lack of control over work is a well-documented
376  III,    10.  5.  3    |                           10.5.3.4. Control tools and policies~ ~In
377  III,    10.  5.  3    |           Employers are required to control risks at source level, eliminating
378  III,    10.  5.  3    |            2003 noise directive the control of noise risks includes:~-
379  III,    10.  6.  1    |             in effect, a low social control), and social incivilities
380  III,    10.  6.  1    |                           10.6.1.4. Control tools and policies~ ~Social
381  III,    10.  6.  2    |                           10.6.2.4. Control tools, actions and policies.~ ~ ~
382  III,    10.  6.  3    |                           10.6.3.4. Control tools and policies~ ~Violence
383  III,    10.  6.  3    |             in effect, a low social control), and social incivilities
384   IV,    11.  1.  5    |        across physicians as well as control spending (Walley and Mossialos,
385   IV,    11.  1.  6    |           when providers attempt to control supply and demand (cartels)
386   IV,    11.  1.  6    |       salary and capitation methods control costs but provide an incentive
387   IV,    11.  2.  1    |         quality of care and disease control and in some cases reduce
388   IV,    11.  3.  2    |             effective medicines and control costs. On the other hand,
389   IV,    11.  3.  2    |       mechanisms governments use to control pharmaceutical expenditure
390   IV,    11.  3.  2    |          include direct fixed price control, profit control, international
391   IV,    11.  3.  2    |         fixed price control, profit control, international price comparisons
392   IV,    11.  3.  2    |            a form of indirect price control, refers to setting a maximum
393   IV,    11.  3.  2    |    Mossialos et al, 2006).~ ~Profit control as a method for limiting
394   IV,    11.  3.  2    |       increases. Furthermore, price control systems currently do not
395   IV,    11.  3.  2    |     clinical gains. While the price control system in the UK may not
396   IV,    11.  6.  4    |     reimbursement for providers and control the diffusion of new technologies.
397   IV,    12.Acr        |     Acronyms~CDC~Center for Disease Control~DALYs~Disability Adjusted
398   IV,    12.Acr        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control~FDA~Food and Drug Administration~
399   IV,    12.  1        |             in pandemics or tobacco control. A more complete legislative
400   IV,    12.  2        |         consideration to policy and control tools devised so far particularly
401   IV,    12.  2        |        status in the development of control tools and policies. For
402   IV,    12.  2        |            Table 12.4. Policies and control tools for selected diseases~
403   IV,    12.  2        |            lipid and blood pressure control are the milestones of CVD
404   IV,    12.  2        |             step of the nutritional control of these risk factors; the
405   IV,    12.  2        |         Brussels. Experience in CVD control, spelt out in the European
406   IV,    12.  2        |             disease (including CVD) control and will help reduce inequalities
407   IV,    12.  2        |         addressing six basic cancer control factors: prevention, early
408   IV,    12.  2        |           the health system. Cancer control plans (NCPs) are very important
409   IV,    12.  2        |           main objectives of cancer control for a given timeframe as
410   IV,    12.  2        |             real progress in cancer control and allow Europe to move
411   IV,    12.  2        |            Table 12.5. Policies and control tools as applied to selected
412   IV,    12.  2        |             interventionstobacco control in the EU~ ~Collective interventions
413   IV,    12.  2        |             broad strategic tobacco control approach. The current EU-wide
414   IV,    12.  2        |            mainstreaming of tobacco control into a range of other Community
415   IV,    12.  2        |             a major role in tobacco control at a global level.~ ~EU
416   IV,    12.  2        |            contributions to tobacco control in Europe, and indeed globally.
417   IV,    12.  2        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which all Member
418   IV,    12.  2        |      further advancement of tobacco control at EU and Member State level.
419   IV,    12.  2        |       action in the area of tobacco control. These articles are concerned
420   IV,    12.  2        |      efforts in the area of tobacco control.~The provisions in the Treaty
421   IV,    12.  2        |         measures to support tobacco control. Together, they underpin
422   IV,    12.  2        |      initiatives to improve tobacco control. This recommendation pays
423   IV,    12.  2        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is the first-ever
424   IV,    12.  2        |             a comprehensive tobacco control framework (WHO, 2005). The
425   IV,    12.  2        |             focal point for tobacco control;~the inclusion of tobacco
426   IV,    12.  2        |     development of national tobacco control programmes.~ ~Under the
427   IV,    12.  2        |       Resolution 2004/62 on Tobacco Control supports the WHO Framework
428   IV,    12.  2        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. It urges UN Member States
429   IV,    12.  2        |        States to strengthen tobacco control measures and programmes.~
430   IV,    12.  2        |          implements all key tobacco control measures, and outlined an
431   IV,    12.  2        |           of global tobacco use and control efforts, WHO finds that
432   IV,    12.  2        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which came into force in
433   IV,    12.  2        |            than spending on tobacco control in middle-income countries
434   IV,    12.  2        |          than they spend on tobacco control.~ ~2. Alcohol~ ~Risk reduction
435   IV,    12.  2        |         deaths that occurred in the control group without the intervention
436   IV,    12.  4        |          for Disease Prevention and Control (Stockholm, Sweden) – Established
437   IV,    12.  8        |           the US Center for Disease Control (CDC) or their counterparts
438   IV,    12.  8        |    epidemiological surveillance and control of communicable diseases
439   IV,    12.  8        |          for disease prevention and control in Stockholm.~ ~Representatives
440   IV,    12.  9        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC);~· revision of the
441   IV,    12. 10        |       Belgium~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
442   IV,    12. 10        |       DENMARK~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
443   IV,    12. 10        |       Germany~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
444   IV,    12. 10        |    collaborating centre for tobacco control, based at German Cancer
445   IV,    12. 10        |           suppliers, monitoring and control is under the competence
446   IV,    12. 10        |      legislation (Federal Immission Control Act, BImSchG, htt ). Limit
447   IV,    12. 10        |       IRELAND~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
448   IV,    12. 10        |       agency, the Office of Tobacco Control, in 2002 www. Introduction
449   IV,    12. 10        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) (Nov 2005)~ ~Increase
450   IV,    12. 10        |             thereunder regulate and control the import, export, production,
451   IV,    12. 10        |       Amendment) Regulations 2004~- Control of Substances that deplete
452   IV,    12. 10        |               European Communities (control of emissions of Gaseous
453   IV,    12. 10        |               Primary CareCancer ControlAcute HospitalsDisability
454   IV,    12. 10        |        emergency planning.~ ~Cancer Control~http df~Government policy
455   IV,    12. 10        |    implement ‘A Strategy for Cancer Control in Ireland 2006’~which aims
456   IV,    12. 10        |             The HSE National Cancer Control Programme is designed to
457   IV,    12. 10        |     relation to four managed cancer control networks and eight cancer
458   IV,    12. 10        |         setting standards in Cancer Control, in monitoring implementation
459   IV,    12. 10        |        GREECE~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
460   IV,    12. 10        |            Organization for tobacco control and Greece became a party
461   IV,    12. 10        |        Hellenic Centre for Diseases Control and Prevention (HCDCP) (ww r)
462   IV,    12. 10        |         European Center for Disease Control (ECDC). SAFE aims towards
463   IV,    12. 10        |          obliged to have an Exhaust Control Card which is updated at
464   IV,    12. 10        |            Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC). The introduction
465   IV,    12. 10        |        additional measures for food control in compliance with the E.
466   IV,    12. 10        |          and coherent official food control system after primary production,
467   IV,    12. 10        |     measures for the prevention and control of hypertension ~ ~ ~ ~NATIONAL
468   IV,    12. 10        |             for Infectious Diseases Control (www ~ ~COUNTRY: FRANCE~ ~ ~
469   IV,    12. 10        |        FRANCE~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
470   IV,    12. 10        |     framework convention on tobacco control~ ~Many prevention campaign
471   IV,    12. 10        |             up automatics means for control of speed~ Important national
472   IV,    12. 10        |         ITALY~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
473   IV,    12. 10        |          Italian Centre for Disease Control (CCM) which started the “
474   IV,    12. 10        |        Latvia~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
475   IV,    12. 10        |     framework convention on tobacco control~ ~National Program on Tobacco
476   IV,    12. 10        |         National Program on Tobacco Control, 2005-2010~ ~Special target “
477   IV,    12. 10        |     Products~ State Program on drug Control and Drug Addiction Restriction
478   IV,    12. 10        |     Lithuania~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
479   IV,    12. 10        |     Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) – Decree 25/A of
480   IV,    12. 10        |            diagnosis, treatment and control of AHT (Arterial Hypertension).~
481   IV,    12. 10        |    Programme for the Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Diseases~
482   IV,    12. 10        |       Romania~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
483   IV,    12. 10        |     framework convention on tobacco control);~ ~Law 349/06/2002, for
484   IV,    12. 10        |            2002, for prevention and control of the side effects of tobacco
485   IV,    12. 10        |            Avian flu prevention and control plan~Avian flu prevention~
486   IV,    12. 10        |        SWEDEN~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
487   IV,    12. 10        |           SAM index)~ ~Requirements/control/support index~Domain of
488   IV,    12. 10        |       CROATIA~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control instruments and initiatives
489   IV,    12. 10        |           At national level~Tobacco Control Action Plan Proposal~Alcohol
490   IV,    12. 10        |           At national level~Alcohol Control Action Plan Proposal~Food
491   IV,    12. 10        |           Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control for the Period 2006-2009~
492   IV,    12. 10        |             2006-2009~National Drug Control Strategy in the Republic
493   IV,    13.Acr        |              strategic Documents to control specific diseases or health
494   IV,    13.  7.  4    |              e.g. cloning) or birth control (e.g. day-after pill) methodologies