Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  2       |                malaria” that is sometimes reported in relation to the inadvertent
  2    I,     2.  4       |                Domestic Product. The data reported in Figure 2.2 clearly show
  3    I,     2. 10.  2   |                   nine products have been reported so far (September 2007) 4.
  4    I,     3.  1       |                   1.88) and France (1.92) reported the highest fertility rates,
  5    I,     3.  3       |               with the most heavy changes reported in Turkey, Cyprus, Germany,
  6   II,     4.  1       |                  correspond to years with reported moderate or severe activity
  7   II,     4.  1       |             Sweden and the United Kingdom reported an expansion. For women
  8   II,     4.  1       |                  birth is lived with some reported activity limitations. Under
  9   II,     5.  1.  1   |                 for data collection (self reported or measured), the diagnostic
 10   II,     5.  1.  1   |               available. Early weaning is reported to be associated with an
 11   II,     5.  2.  2   |                   then processed and here reported: EUROSTAT (htt u, 2007)
 12   II,     5.  2.  2   |                 with the highest are both reported.~ ~Morbidity~Hospital discharge
 13   II,     5.  2.  2   |                 year available (2003) are reported. Other data, such as on
 14   II,     5.  2.  2   |            By-pass Graft [CABG]) are also reported. Data are published by the
 15   II,     5.  2.  2   |           Tunstall-Pedoe et al, 1999) are reported for the age range 35-64
 16   II,     5.  2.  2   |                day-case fatality are also reported; case fatality (including
 17   II,     5.  2.  2   |                 with the highest are both reported.~ ~Morbidity~Hospital discharge
 18   II,     5.  2.  2   |                 year available (2003) are reported.~The ICD morbidity codes
 19   II,     5.  2.  2   |                 Project (htt /, 2007) are reported for the age range 35-64
 20   II,     5.  2.  2   |                day case fatality are also reported; case fatality (including
 21   II,     5.  2.  2   |                 for data collection (self reported or measured), the diagnostic
 22   II,     5.  2.  2   |               procedures and methods, are reported as well (Kuulasmaa et al,
 23   II,     5.  2.  3   |                   hospital discharges are reported together with the data on
 24   II,     5.  2.  3   |                 CABG) were considered and reported in Table 5.2.3 (Allender
 25   II,     5.  2.  3   |                   the WHO MONICA Project, reported in Table 5.2.4; here we
 26   II,     5.  2.  3   |         age-adjusted event rates are also reported (Tunstall-Pedoe et al, 1999).
 27   II,     5.  2.  3   |                   Project. These data are reported in Table 5.2.6: here mean
 28   II,     5.  2.  4   |              collection methodology (self reported or measured), diagnostic
 29   II,     5.  2.  5   |                the impact of CVD is fully reported in the EU Treaty (Article
 30   II,     5.  3.  3   |                  Database provides annual reported data on mortality statistics
 31   II,     5.  3.  5   |              highest mortality rates were reported in Eastern Europe for men (
 32   II,     5.  3.  6   |                   levels of survival were reported in Eastern Europe (Sant
 33   II,     5.  4.  1   |              incidence being consistently reported over the last 30 years.~ ~·
 34   II,     5.  4.  2   |                 also provided. Currently, reported estimates refer to more
 35   II,     5.  4.  2   |                    HIS) are based on self reported information provided by
 36   II,     5.  4.  2   |               these estimates and are not reported here.~Level of HbA1c>7.0%
 37   II,     5.  4.  2   |                 in the last 12 months and reported a diastolic blood pressure
 38   II,     5.  4.  2   |                 Indeed, this fact was not reported by EUCID, due to the small
 39   II,     5.  4.  2   |                 indicator is the only one reported by the OECD (Armesto et
 40   II,     5.  4.  3   |               diabetesStandardized values reported by EUCID range between 26/
 41   II,     5.  4.  3   |                 57%. Only three countries reported percentages above 80%. These
 42   II,     5.  4.  3   |                    A total of 7 countries reported values above 90%. There
 43   II,     5.  4.  3   |               increases with age. Results reported by OECD from 13 EU countries
 44   II,     5.  4.  3   |                   a total of 10 countries reported a range between 37 (Cyprus)
 45   II,     5.  4.  3   |                 of 10 EUCID collaborators reported an incidence between 21 (
 46   II,     5.  4.  6   |                for all process indicators reported in section 5.4.3, which
 47   II,     5.  5.  1   |                 anxiety disorder has been reported to contact health services (
 48   II,     5.  5.  1   |              group the highest rates were reported in Hungary, Slovenia, Lithuania
 49   II,     5.  5.  1   |           accessibility to treatment were reported to be the hurdles in treatment
 50   II,     5.  5.  2   |                   99, whereas Ferri et al reported a prevalence rate for people
 51   II,     5.  5.  2   |                   5.2.2. Prevalence rates reported by Ferri et al (2005)~ ~
 52   II,     5.  5.  3   |                Hoek and van Hoeken (2003) reported a significant and threshold
 53   II,     5.  5.  3   |              service utilization rates as reported in community-based psychiatric
 54   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 2005). These findings are reported equally in the 2001 WHO
 55   II,     5.  5.  3   |          congruent with estimates usually reported in textbooks - and e.g.
 56   II,     5.  5.  3   |            substantial difference between reported death rates in statistics
 57   II,     5.  5.  3   |                group of schizophrenias as reported in the WHO statistics need
 58   II,     5.  5.  3   |              Figure 5.5.3.3.2), the value reported from Finland of about 20.
 59   II,     5.  5.  3   |                fold higher than the value reported for Norway (0.0164). On
 60   II,     5.  5.  3   |                that, in general, patients reported a need for help from services
 61   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   cases of stigmatization reported by six focus groups (three
 62   II,     5.  5.  3   |              explain major differences in reported prevalence over time. The
 63   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  source of variability in reported autism rates comes from
 64   II,     5.  5.  3   |              having an ASD. The data were reported by the Autism and Development
 65   II,     5.  5.  3   |              higher than those previously reported in U.S. studies.~There is
 66   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  the major differences in reported prevalence over time. The
 67   II,     5.  5.  3   |               seizures in Europe has been reported to be higher in men than
 68   II,     5.  5.  3   |              documented etiology has been reported to vary from 31 to 56% (
 69   II,     5.  5.  3   |             elderly has been consistently reported in Northern and Southern
 70   II,     5.  5.  3   |               virtually the same as those reported in incidence studies (see
 71   II,     5.  5.  3   |          countries, partial seizures were reported in 55-60% of cases, generalized
 72   II,     5.  5.  3   |                per 1,000 person-years was reported (Sillanpaa et al, 1998).
 73   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  periods. The higher SMRs reported by the French and Swiss
 74   II,     5.  5.  3   |                Patients with epilepsy are reported to be at higher risk of
 75   II,     5.  5.  3   |             prognosis of treated epilepsy reported a 69% cumulative 5-year
 76   II,     5.  5.  3   |            prioritised.Reliable evidences reported in non-English scientific
 77   II,     5.  5.  3   |               age-standardised rates were reported.~The distribution of disability (
 78   II,     5.  5.  3   |             higher prevalence rates of MS reported in some regions compared
 79   II,     5.  5.  3   |         fluctuating incidence pattern was reported for Vestfold and for Hordaland
 80   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    with the highest rates reported in the western region round
 81   II,     5.  5.  3   |                overall prevalence and the reported increase over time in the
 82   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   21 per 100 000 has been reported for Bulgaria and Romania,
 83   II,     5.  5.  3   |            prevalence estimates have been reported for the population aged
 84   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   by disease course~ ~The reported prevalence-based distribution
 85   II,     5.  5.  3   |         distribution of disease course is reported in Table 5.5.3.5.5 and Figure
 86   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   6 to 1.0 per 100 000 as reported by WHO for 2002 (WHO, 2004a).
 87   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 up to 3.6 per 100 000 are reported in the scientific literature.
 88   II,     5.  5.  3   |              mortality rates in Europe is reported in Table 7 Decreasing trends
 89   II,     5.  5.  3   |           Decreasing trends over time are reported for Denmark, Scotland, The
 90   II,     5.  5.  3   |              RR-MS and PP-MS is sometimes reported. Disease course categorisation
 91   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 mortality rates over time reported for many countries and subsequent
 92   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  clinical course has been reported (Lublin and Reingold, 1996): (
 93   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   in all publications and reported age ranges varied. In six
 94   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  mortality (SMR: 2.9) was reported compared to the non-diseased
 95   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  stages IV and V has been reported, demonstrating that cost-of-illness
 96   II,     5.  6.  3   |               only 15% of 20-72 year-olds reported no pain during the previous
 97   II,     5.  6.  3   |                previous year, whereas 58% reported musculoskeletal pain during
 98   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   6.2. Prevalence of self reported musculoskeletal diseases
 99   II,     5.  6.  3   |                  6.2.b Prevalence of self reported musculoskeletal diseases
100   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   of the whole population reported some joint problems. Of
101   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 of these approximately 5% reported arthritis, mainly osteoarthritis,
102   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   RA in men in Finland is reported as 0.6%, France 0.32% and
103   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 incidence rates have been reported from Northern Europe (EULAR
104   II,     5.  6.  3   |                study from the Netherlands reported an incidence of 28.0 episodes /
105   II,     5.  6.  3   |                 trends~ ~There has been a reported increase in prevalence in
106   II,     5.  6.  6   |                 2003): Prevalence of self reported musculoskeletal diseases
107   II,     5.  7.  3   |            including all people <20 years reported a prevalence of CKD (defined
108   II,     5.  7.  3   |                  while higher figures are reported in medical databases (Stevens
109   II,     5.  7.  5   |                  regularly electronically reported four quality indicators.
110   II,     5.  8.  2   |                Delta and 11% in Pisa also reported chronic bronchitis or emphysema,
111   II,     5.  8.  2   |                Delta and 14% in Pisa also reported asthma (Viegi et al 2004).~ ~
112   II,     5.  8.  3   |              persistent never smokers was reported. In another study by the
113   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  Johannessen et al (2005) reported cumulative incidence rates
114   II,     5.  8.  3   |            frequently underlined: a study reported rates ranging from 0.23
115   II,     5.  8.  3   |                age. A total of 62 studies reported 101 overall prevalence estimates
116   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  Status Study (WHO LARES) reported a prevalence of 6.2% of
117   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  2004). These results are reported in Figure 5.8.2.~ ~Figure
118   II,     5.  8.  3   |              doctor diagnosis of COPD was reported only by 5.6% of participants (
119   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  000 in Dutch population) reported for the Netherlands was
120   II,     5.  8.  3   |                 found in association with reported chronic bronchitis and emphysema
121   II,     5.  8.  3   |                 associated with COPD were reported also in a study of 45 966
122   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  than 2/3 of them (69.4%) reported one or more co-morbidity.~ ~
123   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  depression / anxiety are reported with prevalence rates reaching
124   II,     5.  8.  3   |           Integrated Service Network with reported asthma or COPD. The results
125   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  European Lung White Book reported that the overall annual
126   II,     5.  8.  7   |                Annesi-Maesano I. (2007) : Reported prevalence and co-morbidity
127   II,     5.  9. FB   |               study made in Great Britain reported an increase prevalence of
128   II,     5.  9. FB   |                 on 2100 British children, reported a reduced incidence of wheezing
129   II,     5.  9. FB   |             Nutrition Intervention Study) reported that extensively and partially
130   II,     5.  9.  1   |                   Childhood (ISAAC), have reported several data on the prevalence
131   II,     5.  9.  2   |              total of 213,158 people were reported living in the 73,880 households
132   II,     5.  9.  3   |                  by Compalati et al, 2007 reported that the highest prevalence
133   II,     5.  9.  3   |              registered in the UK - which reported 19% prevalence in adults
134   II,     5.  9.  3   |             lowest was in Iceland - which reported 2%; in the middle of this
135   II,     5.  9.  3   |           declared by Portugal, which has reported an increase in prevalence
136   II,     5.  9.  3   |                   Mantovani et al, 2007), reported that in 2003 the prevalence
137   II,     5.  9.  3   |               during the study period was reported. It has been emphasized
138   II,     5.  9.  3   |              changes (one centre actually reported no changes); for the 13–
139   II,     5.  9.  4   |             increased in participants who reported an acute symptomatic inhalation
140   II,     5.  9.  4   |          aeroallergens. Many studies have reported the prevalence of sensitization
141   II,     5. 10.  1   |            majority of allergic reactions reported (ILSI, 2003). The ranking
142   II,     5. 10.  2   |             inconsistently classified and reported by the medical community,
143   II,     5. 10.  3   |                   2007).~ ~Figure 5.10.2. Reported food allergy/intolerance
144   II,     5. 10.  7   |                  Walters EH et al (1998): Reported food intolerance and respiratory
145   II,     5. 10.  7   |              International prevalences of reported food allergies and intolerances (
146   II,     5. 10.  7   |              Abramson M, Thien FC (2002): Reported adverse food reactions overestimate
147   II,     5. 11.  3   |               dermatological diseases are reported in Tables 5.11.1 and 5.11.
148   II,     5. 11.  3   |                   class gradient for both reported and examined disease, (Williams
149   II,     5. 11.  3   |           positive for nickel (9.7%) were reported in the Danish department (
150   II,     5. 11.  3   |                 while in the 1990s it was reported to be roughly around 30% (
151   II,     5. 11.  3   |          questionnaire study, the highest reported incidences in Europe have
152   II,     5. 11.  3   |                common form of skin cancer reported in both men and women. Its
153   II,     5. 12.  1   |                 two decades has also been reported in the UK, mainly in Scotland (
154   II,     5. 12.  3   |                since the 1970’s have been reported in Figures 5.12.1 (A and
155   II,     5. 12.  3   |        consequently not be systematically reported in death certificates in
156   II,     5. 14.  3   |          year-olds the United Kingdom has reported the mean caries experience
157   II,     5. 14.  3   |                 adults. In Canada, Locker reported that one third of adults
158   II,     5. 14.  3   |                   adults aged 50 or older reported problems with eating, communication,
159   II,     5. 14.  3   |             status. Adults in France also reported high needs for dental care.
160   II,     5. 14.  3   |             toothbrushing twice a day was reported for 31% of 6-year-olds and
161   II,     6.  2       |           official data for the year 2005 reported by the countries, and from
162   II,     6.  2       |                  hence usefulness, of the reported data, both between diseases
163   II,     6.  3.  1   |              detected (2005) for diseases reported on EU-level.~ ~The analysis
164   II,     6.  3.  2   |           Intra-country variation is also reported to be significant and deserves
165   II,     6.  3.  2   |                present in 1520% of cases reported by the Baltic Republics (
166   II,     6.  3.  2   |                 to these classes has been reported.~ ~Control tools and policies~ ~
167   II,     6.  3.  3   |             epidemics among IDU have been reported in the past.~ ~In contrast
168   II,     6.  3.  3   |                 28 044 HIV diagnoses were reported by 26 countries. Previous
169   II,     6.  3.  3   |                  Estonia). With 171 cases reported in 2005, mother-to-child
170   II,     6.  3.  3   |            infection is the most commonly reported STI, but in several countries
171   II,     6.  3.  3   |              infected. Fourteen countries reported data for the full period (
172   II,     6.  3.  3   |               full period (a further four reported for part of the period),
173   II,     6.  3.  3   |                  Chlamydia infection were reported by 17 countries, with almost
174   II,     6.  3.  3   |                highest incidence rate was reported by Iceland with 552.45 per
175   II,     6.  3.  3   |               group and that infection is reported more often in women than
176   II,     6.  3.  3   |                total of 27 537 cases were reported by 22 countries. The highest
177   II,     6.  3.  3   |                   945 syphilis cases were reported by 24 countries. The highest
178   II,     6.  3.  3   |                 cases of Hepatitis B were reported in Europe during the last
179   II,     6.  3.  3   |                   and some countries have reported an increasing incidence
180   II,     6.  3.  3   |                 1990s. Of the 6 977 cases reported in 2005 by 26 countries,
181   II,     6.  3.  3   |              highest incidence rates were reported by Iceland (11.24 per 100
182   II,     6.  3.  3   |                000 hepatitis C cases were reported by 24 countries. The highest
183   II,     6.  3.  3   |                 per 100 000 per year were reported by Ireland (34.99), Sweden (
184   II,     6.  3.  4   |                   plus Iceland and Norway reported 59 497 TB cases corresponding
185   II,     6.  3.  4   |           accounting for 62% of all cases reported. With the EU expansion in
186   II,     6.  3.  4   |            accounted for 30% of all cases reported in the 25 countries (range
187   II,     6.  3.  4   |                  legionellosis cases were reported by 23 countries. The highest
188   II,     6.  3.  4   |                   with onset in 2005 were reported to the EWGLINET surveillance
189   II,     6.  3.  4   |             infection. No SARS cases were reported in the world in 2005.~Today,
190   II,     6.  3.  5   |                diphtheria are still being reported annually from a couple of
191   II,     6.  3.  5   |              couple of Member States, and reported tetanus rates are around
192   II,     6.  3.  5   |                per 100 000 per year) were reported by 19 countries. Sweden (
193   II,     6.  3.  5   |               Belgium (15.45 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence rates.
194   II,     6.  3.  5   |                  the other countries, the reported incidence varied below 2/
195   II,     6.  3.  5   |                 total of 5 494 cases were reported by 26 countries. Ireland (
196   II,     6.  3.  5   |                  Malta (2.73 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence rates.~ ~
197   II,     6.  3.  5   |                 In 2005, 1 145 cases were reported by 25 countries. Estonia
198   II,     6.  3.  5   |                  by 25 countries. Estonia reported the highest incidence rate,
199   II,     6.  3.  5   |             proportion of cases have been reported among the youngest age groups (
200   II,     6.  3.  5   |                total of 13 207 cases were reported by 24 countries. The highest
201   II,     6.  3.  5   |                   highest rate by far was reported in the Netherlands (40.17
202   II,     6.  3.  5   |        sporadically. In 2005, only Latvia reported cases (20) with an incidence
203   II,     6.  3.  5   |                 altogether 137 cases were reported by 21 countries. Italy reported
204   II,     6.  3.  5   |           reported by 21 countries. Italy reported almost 50% of all cases
205   II,     6.  3.  5   |                 total of 1 291 cases were reported by 25 countries, with more
206   II,     6.  3.  5   |            highest rates per 100 000 were reported by Ireland (2.26) and Germany (
207   II,     6.  3.  5   |                total of 52 918 cases were reported by 23 countries. The UK,
208   II,     6.  3.  5   |                  UK, followed by Iceland, reported the highest incidence rates (
209   II,     6.  3.  5   |                 total of 1 498 cases were reported by 22 countries. The overall
210   II,     6.  3.  5   |                  caused by wild polio was reported by Turkey in November 1998,
211   II,     6.  3.  6   |             decide whether an increase in reported incidence reflects a genuine
212   II,     6.  3.  6   |              seasonality with the highest reported numbers in the summer. A
213   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   than 200 000 cases were reported, with the highest incidence
214   II,     6.  3.  6   |                with the highest incidence reported by the Czech Republic (296
215   II,     6.  3.  6   |   Campylobacteriosis is the most commonly reported enteritis in the EU, but
216   II,     6.  3.  6   |               respectively 61% and 52% of reported cases were imported.~ ~Salmonellosis~ ~
217   II,     6.  3.  6   |               Latvia and Lithuania - have reported a 5% or more increase in
218   II,     6.  3.  6   |                  salmonellosis cases were reported by 27 countries, with the
219   II,     6.  3.  6   |                with the highest incidence reported in the Czech Republic (322
220   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 The highest incidence was reported in the age group 04 years (
221   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   proportion (31%) of all reported cases (n=20 746), was reported
222   II,     6.  3.  6   |            reported cases (n=20 746), was reported by Italy between 1995 and
223   II,     6.  3.  6   |            typhoid/paratyphoid cases were reported by 26 countries. Norway,
224   II,     6.  3.  6   |                    with 0.87 per 100 000, reported the highest incidence rate,
225   II,     6.  3.  6   |              human shigellosis cases were reported by 26 countries. The European
226   II,     6.  3.  6   |               Slovakia (9.51 per 100 000) reported the highest national incidence
227   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 total of 5 218 cases were reported by 25 countries. The Czech Republic (
228   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 Sweden (4.27 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence. A
229   II,     6.  3.  6   |              years, the incidence rate of reported cases has been relatively
230   II,     6.  3.  6   |                1995. Twenty-six countries reported 1 491 cases in 2005. Denmark (
231   II,     6.  3.  6   |                Finland (0.69 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence rates.
232   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 rates. More than half the reported cases occurred in individuals
233   II,     6.  3.  6   |                with pregnancy. These were reported by Germany (56 cases), France (
234   II,     6.  3.  6   |                      Twenty-six countries reported 1 429 cases in 2005, with
235   II,     6.  3.  6   |                Ireland (1.29 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence rates.~ ~
236   II,     6.  3.  6   |             stable over the years. Poland reported the most cases over the
237   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   total of 152 cases were reported by 22 countries but only
238   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   countries but only five reported 20 or more cases, with Lithuania
239   II,     6.  3.  6   |                  10 years, 237 cases were reported ( 0.01 per 100 000 per year).
240   II,     6.  3.  6   |                    In 2005, 34 cases were reported by 20 countries, of which
241   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   210 000 cases have been reported in Europe between 1995 and
242   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 In 2005, 6 695 cases were reported by 25 countries. Slovakia (
243   II,     6.  3.  6   |                  toxoplasmosis cases were reported by 14 countries, with Lithuania (
244   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   humans and animals, the reported cases only reflect a minute
245   II,     6.  3.  6   |                    some 15 103 cases were reported by 18 countries. Estonia (
246   II,     6.  3.  6   |               Iceland (14.65 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence rates.~ ~
247   II,     6.  3.  6   |             patients. Outbreaks have been reported in child day-care centres,
248   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   almost 8 000 cases were reported by 16 countries, with Ireland (
249   II,     6.  3.  6   |              infected food. The number of reported cases has been steadily
250   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 altogether 337 cases were reported by 22 countries. Lithuania (
251   II,     6.  3.  6   |              Slovenia (0.30 per 100 000), reported the highest incidence rates.
252   II,     6.  3.  6   |            considerably higher than those reported given the slow progression
253   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   In 2005, 153 cases were reported by 25 countries. Latvia (
254   II,     6.  3.  6   |              Lithuania (0.35 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence rates.
255   II,     6.  3.  6   |           European countries. The highest reported annual number of cases (
256   II,     6.  3.  6   |                 Since 1999, the number of reported cases declined steadily
257   II,     6.  3.  6   |                  a total of 21 cases were reported by 18 EU Member States.
258   II,     6.  3.  6   |                   Member States. Slovakia reported 11 cases; however, the criteria
259   II,     6.  3.  6   |                other countries. Six cases reported in France, two in Ireland
260   II,     6.  3.  6   |                the remainder of the cases reported.~ ~
261   II,     6.  3.  7   |          classified as VHF, but is seldom reported as such in the EU.~ ~A number
262   II,     6.  3.  7   |              malaria and plague should be reported to the EU network, but these
263   II,     6.  3.  7   |                  In the last 10 years the reported number of cases in the EU
264   II,     6.  3.  7   |                   In 2005, 508 cases were reported by 21 countries. Sweden (
265   II,     6.  3.  7   |                Hungary (0.86 per 100 000) reported the highest incidence rates.~ ~ ~
266   II,     6.  3.  7   |                with more than 2 500 cases reported by Finland and 330 from
267   II,     6.  3.  7   |                   In 2005, 958 cases were reported by 21 countries. Germany
268   II,     6.  3.  7   |             countries. Germany and France reported the highest incidence rates (
269   II,     6.  3.  7   |                 in recent years (687) was reported in 2004. France continues
270   II,     6.  3.  7   |                   In 2005, 900 cases were reported by 24 countries, with Estonia (
271   II,     6.  3.  7   |                    Twenty-seven countries reported a total of 250 cases throughout
272   II,     6.  3.  7   |                  though only 24 countries reported for the whole 10-year period).
273   II,     6.  3.  7   |              period). The most cases were reported by Spain (65%), followed
274   II,     6.  3.  7   |                     In 2005, 21 countries reported just 10 cases.~ ~West Nile
275   II,     6.  3.  7   |                  imported cases have been reported in several European countries.
276   II,     6.  3.  7   |                   of infections have been reported since 1999.~ ~Rabies~ ~Rabies
277   II,     6.  3.  7   |                 seven cases per year were reported across the EU (total 21
278   II,     6.  3.  7   |                 five cases of rabies were reported by 22 countries; four of
279   II,     6.  3.  7   |             Airport malaria’ is sometimes reported in relation to the inadvertent
280   II,     6.  3.  7   |                  4 306 malaria cases were reported by 26 countries (France
281   II,     6.  3.  7   |           infections for which cases were reported in returning European travellers,
282   II,     6.  3.  7   |                  recent years Germany has reported annually some 120220 cases,
283   II,     6.  3.  7   |                data, no cases of DHF were reported in 2005.~ ~Lassa fever is
284   II,     6.  3.  7   |                papers in Eurosurveillance reported on a total of five imported
285   II,     6.  3.  7   |                and Nigeria. No cases were reported in 2005.~ ~Crimean-Congo
286   II,     6.  3.  7   |                years, outbreaks have been reported in Turkey, Kosovo and Albania.
287   II,     6.  3.  7   |                 Albania. Eurosurveillance reported one imported case of CCHF
288   II,     6.  3.  7   |                   Zimbabwe. No cases were reported in 2005.~ ~Ebola and Marburg
289   II,     6.  3.  7   |        haemorrhagic fever cases have been reported in Europe in the past 10
290   II,     6.  3.  7   |                  sporadic cases have been reported in travellers returning
291   II,     6.  3.  7   |               last 10 years, one case was reported by Germany in 1999 (imported
292   II,     6.  3.  7   |              human plague cases have been reported for a long time. Given the
293   II,     6.  3.  7   |                 number of cases have been reported to the WHO. Presently, its
294   II,     7.  2.  1   |         information on causes of death is reported and classified in each country (
295   II,     7.  3.  2   |                 20%. This decrease can be reported for all injury areas except
296   II,     7.  3.  3   |               inhabitants in the EU27 are reported per year. A wide range of
297   II,     7.  4.  2   |                   rates due to injury are reported among people aged 65 and
298   II,     7.  4.  3   |                cyclist injuries have been reported by police authorities. Additionally,
299   II,     8.  1.  2   |                earnings and income levels reported.~ ~The results of the two
300   II,     8.  1.  3   |                 do, while about one third reported to suffer restrictions in
301   II,     8.  1.  3   |                 LSHPD increases with age: reported prevalence was less than
302   II,     8.  1.  3   |                  and stomach problems, 4% reported sight, hearing, speech and
303   II,     8.  1.  3   |                 skin problems, almost 60% reported no restrictions in work
304   II,     8.  1.  3   |                  with regard to work were reported by 60% of those affected
305   II,     8.  2.  2   |                into subregions by WHO are reported in Murray et al, 2001).~ ~
306   II,     8.  2.  2   |                into subregions by WHO are reported in Murray et al, 2001).~ ~
307   II,     8.  2.  3   |                 of hearing impairment and reported hearing disability among
308   II,     9           |                 gain. In many cases it is reported that children who smoke
309   II,     9           |                 age groups. The ranges of reported condom use during the 15
310   II,     9.  1.  1   |                 EURO-PERISTAT are not yet reported routinely in Europe. However,
311   II,     9.  1.  1   |                 of these other causes are reported for Bulgaria (48%), Romania
312   II,     9.  1.  1   |                  babies are not currently reported routinely, but this information
313   II,     9.  1.  1   |                 monitored using currently reported indicators, are essential
314   II,     9.  1.  2   |         prevalence of 8-10 per 1 000. The reported prevalence of congenital
315   II,     9.  2.  1   |                all countries and regions. Reported levels of poorer health
316   II,     9.  2.  2   |                Development (CHILD), which reported in 2002 (Rigby, Köhler,
317   II,     9.  2.  3   |        significantly over the decades, as reported by individual countries’
318   II,     9.  2.  3   |                   On the other hand, self reported current wheezing is not
319   II,     9.  2.  3   |               much lower asthma rates are reported for UK by other sources.
320   II,     9.  2.  3(2)|             According to the Authors, the reported prevalence rates for "clinical
321   II,     9.  2.  3   |               very low levels of fighting reported among girls (WHO/HSBC, 2004).
322   II,     9.  2.  3   |                 as a whole, 3040% of all reported HIV/AIDS cases are among
323   II,     9.  2.  3   |                  Western Europe (40%) are reported as saying they have very
324   II,     9.  2.  3   |                   that 18.1% of girls who reported only 1-2 family meals per
325   II,     9.  2.  3   |           compared with 8.8% of girls who reported having 3-4 family meals/
326   II,     9.  2.  4   |                 gain. In many cases it is reported that children who smoke
327   II,     9.  2.  4   |                 age groups. The ranges of reported condom use during the 15
328   II,     9.  2.  5   |                   In 2000, the Commission reported on the health status of
329   II,     9.  3.  1   |             injuries in the workplace are reported in Romania, Bulgaria and
330   II,     9.  3.  1   |             internalise symptoms has been reported in the European Mental Health
331   II,     9.  3.  1   |             diseases highlighted the main reported causes of death in men aged
332   II,     9.  3.  1   |                   differences observed in reported rates in France and Greece (
333   II,     9.  3.  1   |                most new cases of HIV/AIDS reported in the EU since 1989 have
334   II,     9.  3.  1   |              countries for which data was reported in 2004 (excluding Italy
335   II,     9.  3.  1   |              comparisons demonstrate that reported symptoms can vary significantly
336   II,     9.  3.  3   |                 and lifestyle surveys and reported comparisons from Denmark (
337   II,     9.  3.  3   |               that the number of partners reported by men greatly exceeds that
338   II,     9.  3.  3   |                  men greatly exceeds that reported by women (Wellings et al,
339   II,     9.  3.  3   |               experiencing occasional sex reported that they did not always
340   II,     9.  3.  3   |                used condom but only 19.5% reported using it in their last sexual
341   II,     9.  3.  3   |                  Another study in Finland reported that both genders showed
342   II,     9.  3.  3   |                sex. Numerous studies have reported the correlation of excessive
343   II,     9.  3.  3   |                   In Portugal 4.2% of men reported that during their lifetime
344   II,     9.  3.  3   |                    of men and 6% of women reported occasional homosexual intercourses
345   II,     9.  4.  3   |           Deprivation incidence gradients reported in both England & Wales
346   II,     9.  5.  3   |                   by various sources, are reported in Table 9.5.5.~ ~Table
347   II,     9.  5.  3   |                       20.4% of women have reported a sexual assault as adults~·
348   II,     9.  5.  3   |                  assault as adults6.4% reported rape as adults~Latviab (
349   II,     9.  5.  3   |                 1998 study )~· 5.2% women reported being sexually assaulted
350   II,     9.  5.  3   |                Lithuania26.5% of women reported sexual abuse by a stranger
351   II,     9.  5.  3   |                   age 1618.2% of women reported sexual abuse by a stranger
352   II,     9.  5.  3   |                     2.2% of women over 16 reported being raped9.4% reported
353   II,     9.  5.  3   |               reported being raped9.4% reported almost being raped7.4%
354   II,     9.  5.  3   |               data )~· 4.9% of women have reported rape or sexual assault on
355   II,     9.  5.  3   |                   assaulted – only 43,000 reported it to the police~· One woman
356   II,     9.  5.  3   |              Police data 2002.~ ~ ~ ~Most reported intimate partner violence
357   II,     9.  5.  3   |                 adults in EU-15 countries reported no moderate level physical activity
358   II,     9.  5.  3   |                each day sitting. Only 15% reported daily moderate level physical activity.
359  III,    10.  1.  1   |                    effectiveness has been reported to differ between subpopulations (
360  III,    10.  1.  1   |                1999). Ambler et al (1998) reported, however, that increased
361  III,    10.  1.  1   |                  consumption. It has been reported that alcohol plays an adaptive
362  III,    10.  1.  1   |                sex.~Numerous studies have reported the correlation of excessive
363  III,    10.  2.  1   |             report” (Eu ), while directly reported data were collated for the
364  III,    10.  2.  1   |                calming effect of nicotine reported by many users is probably
365  III,    10.  2.  1   |                  A recent study, however, reported an increased risk for pancreatic
366  III,    10.  2.  1   |              drinkers (80 million people) reported that they consumed five
367  III,    10.  2.  1   |              previous 30 days, one in ten reported that they usually had 5
368  III,    10.  2.  1   |              common in Ireland, where 36% reported to drink 3-4 drinks (30-
369  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   that 67% of EU15 adults reported alcohol consumption within
370  III,    10.  2.  1   |               times in the last month was reported by 31% of boys and 33% of
371  III,    10.  2.  1   |              large number of studies have reported a variety of childhood mental
372  III,    10.  2.  1   |                  drug-related deaths were reported and it is estimated that
373  III,    10.  2.  1   |            average 4%) of school children reported having tried cannabis for
374  III,    10.  2.  1   |                  Lifetime ecstasy use was reported by 0 to 8% of school children
375  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   cases per 1000 has been reported. Extrapolation from the
376  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 to over 9 000 deaths were reported each year, adding up to
377  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 acute drug-related deaths reported in the EU, accounting for
378  III,    10.  2.  1   |                326 000 treatment requests reported in 2005, opioids were recorded
379  III,    10.  2.  1   |           increased in all countries that reported data. After opioids and
380  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 is the drug most commonly reported as the reason for entering
381  III,    10.  2.  1   |             municipal drug plans has been reported by many Member States. Contents
382  III,    10.  2.  1   |          probabilistic studies in Denmark reported 60% prevalence for teenagers
383  III,    10.  2.  1   |                two thirds of all children reported using electric toothbrushes,
384  III,    10.  2.  1   |          mouthwash and sugar-free gum was reported by over 40% of 15-year-olds.(
385  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   the good hygiene habits reported in the previous section.
386  III,    10.  2.  1   |        development is demonstrated by the reported tooth brushing behaviours
387  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   only 31% of respondents reported sufficient physical activity20.
388  III,    10.  2.  1   |                  that about a third (34%) reported enough physical activity
389  III,    10.  2.  1   |          Consumption Database Managers is reported in Table 10.2.1.7.0.~ ~Table
390  III,    10.  2.  1   |            recommendations. This was also reported by other countries with
391  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 of the main food items is reported in table 10.2.1.7.1 whereas
392  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 some selected products is reported in tables 10.2.1.7.2 to
393  III,    10.  2.  1   |           apparent consumption of wine is reported in Figure 10.2.1.7.6.~ ~
394  III,    10.  2.  1   |              household budget surveys are reported in Table 10.2.1.7.5.~ ~Table
395  III,    10.  2.  1   |                Audition. In 2005, the WHO reported that 75 countries, 33 of
396  III,    10.  3.  1   |             exposure data is produced and reported under the obligations under
397  III,    10.  3.  1   |                  same side of the head as reported phone use was significantly
398  III,    10.  3.  1   |                  aspect of the quality of reported data is the degree of comparability.
399  III,    10.  3.  1   |                   epidemiological studies reported that noise is associated
400  III,    10.  3.  1   |                     Physical work load is reported differently with respect
401  III,    10.  3.  1   |           vibrations and noise which were reported by approximately 15% as
402  III,    10.  3.  1   |                 in general are less often reported by women. With respect to
403  III,    10.  3.  2   |                 II accidents” (see below) reported for the period 20002005,
404  III,    10.  3.  2   |                the number of health risks reported for consumer products.~ ~
405  III,    10.  3.  2   |              These effects have also been reported in humans when body burdens
406  III,    10.  3.  2   |                  comparable to the levels reported from Sweden and Finland.
407  III,    10.  3.  2   |       Concentrations in human breast milk reported from Italy, Belgium, Norway
408  III,    10.  3.  2   |           industrial emissions have to be reported to the European Pollutant
409  III,    10.  3.  3   |              detected (2005) for diseases reported on EU-level~ ~
410  III,    10.  3.  4   |              fulfilled: 10 or more people reported killed, 100 people reported
411  III,    10.  3.  4   |               reported killed, 100 people reported affected, declaration of
412  III,    10.  3.  4   |                retirement homes in France reported a larger than expected excess
413  III,    10.  3.  4   |       Exceptionally, mortality cases were reported more in rural villages than
414  III,    10.  3.  4   |                  of drugs or vaccines was reported. The provision of basic
415  III,    10.  3.  4   |                  major outbreaks had been reported, contamination of water
416  III,    10.  3.  4   |                  families. The mass media reported on deaths by drowning as
417  III,    10.  3.  4   |                   The WHO assessment also reported a high level of distress
418  III,    10.  4.  2   |      Campylobacter strains are also to be reported on a mandatory basis. As
419  III,    10.  4.  2   |                   outbreaks will still be reported under the Zoonoses Directive.
420  III,    10.  4.  2   |                   organisms not currently reported may need to come from other
421  III,    10.  4.  2   |            information notifications were reported with the largest product
422  III,    10.  4.  2   |            category was mycotoxins (40%). Reported risks from pesticide residues
423  III,    10.  4.  2   | Campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans
424  III,    10.  4.  2   |                  in humans within the EU. Reported Campylobacter cases in 2005
425  III,    10.  4.  2   |             positive samples in 2005 were reported for this food category.
426  III,    10.  4.  2   |                the second most frequently reported zoonosis in the EU. The
427  III,    10.  4.  2   |            Salmonella was most frequently reported from fresh poultry and pig
428  III,    10.  4.  2   |                were only few rabies cases reported in humans, the increased
429  III,    10.  4.  2   |                   monomeric acrylamide is reported to be unlikely. Acrylamide
430  III,    10.  4.  2   |             Europe. In 2005 Member States reported results for more than 62.
431  III,    10.  4.  2   |            promptly (PSD website) and are reported to the European Commission
432  III,    10.  4.  2   |          sensitive adverse health effects reported in the available studies;~·
433  III,    10.  4.  2   |                 The competent authorities reported below have been designated
434  III,    10.  4.  3   |                Figure 10.4.3.2. Number of reported drinking water-borne outbreaks
435  III,    10.  4.  3   |               made publicly available and reported. It should be noted that
436  III,    10.  4.  4   |                the number of health risks reported for consumer products.~ ~ ~
437  III,    10.  4.  5   |              these environments have been reported in developed countries.
438  III,    10.  4.  5   |                  human diseases have been reported to be associated to the
439  III,    10.  4.  5   |                  car service stations are reported as the most frequent sources
440  III,    10.  4.  5   |                   specific contaminant is reported to be the most important
441  III,    10.  4.  5   |              chlorinated hydrocarbons are reported as the most relevant contaminants
442  III,    10.  4.  5   |                   from ground sources are reported as being by far the most
443  III,    10.  5.  1   |                   private well water, are reported. The new system improved
444  III,    10.  5.  1   |               zero to four outbreaks were reported annually, with the single
445  III,    10.  5.  1   |               1970 and 2000 there were 25 reported outbreaks of infection associated
446  III,    10.  5.  2   |                       The distribution of reported problems clearly indicates
447  III,    10.  5.  2   |          available on the validity of the reported data.~In brief, there is
448  III,    10.  5.  3   |               problems caused by work are reported. All information can be
449  III,    10.  5.  3   |               slightly higher figures are reported by women in contrast to
450  III,    10.  5.  3   |                  app. 1800 per 100,000 is reported for the mining industry.
451  III,    10.  5.  3   |               serious work accidents were reported in Europe, three quarters
452  III,    10.  5.  3   |                   all workers in the EU25 reported working with tight deadlines
453  III,    10.  5.  3   |                  and a similar proportion reported having to work ‘at very
454  III,    10.  5.  3   |         vibrations and noise - which were reported by app. 15% as occurring
455  III,    10.  5.  3   |                 in general are less often reported by women.~With respect to
456  III,    10.  5.  3   |              loads.~Physical work load is reported differently with respect
457  III,    10.  5.  3   |                  improvement measures are reported to have made a significant
458  III,    10.  5.  3   |               emphasised that all of them reported a reduction in absenteeism
459  III,    10.  5.  3   |                   return-on-investment is reported to be between 1:2 and 1:
460  III,    10.  6.  1   |                    Despite some successes reported in social support interventions
461  III,    10.  6.  1   |                almost 22% of the citizens reported strong social support, while
462  III,    10.  6.  1   |              support, while more than 19% reported poor social support. There
463  III,    10.  6.  1   |                 Belgium, France and Italy reported high rates of poor social
464  III,    10.  6.  1   |          communication with the mother is reported from the French-speaking
465  III,    10.  6.  1   |                   more close friends were reported in North and West Europe
466  III,    10.  6.  1   |                   media contact daily was reported in Denmark (of the 15-year
467  III,    10.  6.  2   |          attending school because of self reported illness are transferred
468  III,    10.  6.  3   |                 On average, 1.7% of women reported a victimisation. In order
469  III,    10.  6.  3   |               Ireland and the Netherlands reported higher than average rates (
470  III,    10.  6.  3   |                    The lowest levels were reported in Italy, Portugal, Hungary
471   IV,    11.  1.  2   |            utilization. Trends are mostly reported for the period 1990 to 2005
472   IV,    11.  1.  5   |             providers respond to publicly reported performance data. Recent
473   IV,    11.  1.  5   |           indicators that can be reliably reported across countries using comparable
474   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                   with the highest levels reported in Austria. There are, however,
475   IV,    11.  1.  5   |               American teaching hospital, reported four errors per 1,000 medication
476   IV,    11.  2.  1   |                 Ireland, Italy and Sweden reported a slight decrease.~ ~The
477   IV,    11.  5.  4   |            recipient should be traced and reported on the tissue vigilance
478   IV,    11.  6.  5   |                   medical errors commonly reported by family physicians." American
479   IV,    12. 10       |              Sexual violence and coercion~Reported sexual crime (all ages),
480   IV,    12. 10       |                   n/100,000 inhabitants~ ~Reported rapes of persons 15 years,
481   IV,    12. 10       |                 Number of injured persons reported (dead and needing medical
482   IV,    12. 10       |                Food safety~ ~Incidence of reported~campylobacter and salmonella
483   IV,    12. 10       |         salmonella infections~ ~Number of reported outbreaks transmitted in
484   IV,    13.  1       |                  Member States~ ~The data reported in this Report, mainly concerning
485   IV,    13.  1       |                differences have also been reported for life expectancy in different
486   IV,    13.  2.  4   |                 It is clear from the data reported in Table 13.6 that these
487   IV,    13.  5       |              diseases is uneven. The data reported in this Report provide a
488   IV,    13.  6.  1   |            illness are very different. As reported in the project, if a child