Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  4        |               specific diseases (including mental illness) and most specific
  2    I,     2.  4        |                services due to physical or mental disability or to linguistic
  3   II,     4.  1        |                    any chronic physical or mental health problem, illness
  4   II,     4.  1        |            activities by these physical or mental health problems, illnesses
  5   II,     4.  3        |                 morbidity. Health Services Mental Health Administration Health
  6   II,     5.  1.  1    |                  musculoskeletal diseases; mental disease and disorders; neurodegenerative
  7   II,     5.  1.  1    |                    main causes of suicide: mental illness (including depression
  8   II,     5.  1.  1    |             depression and other diagnosed mental disorders); social isolation;
  9   II,     5.  1.  1    |                food, physical activity and mental stimulation, can be changed
 10   II,     5.  1.  1    |               exercise, social contact and mental stimulation. Certain factors,
 11   II,     5.  5        |                                       5.5. Mental and brain diseases and disorders~ ~
 12   II,     5.  5.Acr    |               Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders~GP~General Practitioners~
 13   II,     5.  5.Int    |                 adults suffer some form of mental health problem (European
 14   II,     5.  5.Int    |              groups face a greater risk of mental illness. People with mental
 15   II,     5.  5.Int    |                mental illness. People with mental disorders may face stigma,
 16   II,     5.  5.Int    |                impact on the EU economy of mental ill health is estimated
 17   II,     5.  5.Int(8) |            Commission (2004): The State of Mental Health in the European Union.
 18   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    factors for some common mental disorders. Women are at
 19   II,     5.  5.Int(9) |                    Liimatainen M-R (2000): Mental health in the workplace:
 20   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  likely to seek specialist mental health care and are the
 21   II,     5.  5.Int(10)|            Scottish development centre for mental health. Available at: htt f.~
 22   II,     5.  5.Int(11)|                        Austbury J. (2002): Mental Health: Gender Bias, Social
 23   II,     5.  5.Int    |           isolation and further impacts on mental health.~ ~Four of the six
 24   II,     5.  5.Int    |                   The most common forms of mental ill health in the EU are
 25   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    disease attributable to mental and brain disorders will
 26   II,     5.  5.Int(12)|                2001) Gender differences in mental health. In P. Östlin, M.
 27   II,     5.  5.Int(13)|                                WHO (2002): Mental Health: Responding to the
 28   II,     5.  5.Int    |                   the developed world14.~ ~Mental health services in Europe
 29   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    four people suffer from mental ill-health in their lifetime,
 30   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    this staggering burden, mental healthcare services are
 31   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    that people with severe mental illness are adequately provided
 32   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    their health budgets on mental health, while mental ill-health
 33   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    on mental health, while mental ill-health represents 20%
 34   II,     5.  5.Int    |               lifetime incidence of severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia,
 35   II,     5.  5.Int    |             factors that have an impact on mental health and wellbeing such
 36   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    by raising awareness of mental issues relevant to older
 37   II,     5.  5.Int    |                 support people with severe mental problems in paid employment,
 38   II,     5.  5.Int    |          working-age people with long-term mental health problems are working,
 39   II,     5.  5.Int    |                 rights of individuals with mental health problems. Countries
 40   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  health policy has covered mental health since 1997 through
 41   II,     5.  5.Int    |          non-discrimination of people with mental ill health, the social inclusion
 42   II,     5.  5.Int    |                   inclusion of people with mental disabilities and the prevention
 43   II,     5.  5.Int    |                   for European research on mental health21. An example is
 44   II,     5.  5.Int(20)|              Commission (2004): Action for Mental Health. Activities co-funded
 45   II,     5.  5.Int    |                   a European assessment of mental health disability; Information
 46   II,     5.  5.Int    |               Educational policy addresses mental health as part of its policy
 47   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    Such violence can cause mental health problems.~ ~However,
 48   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  comprehensive strategy on mental health, which would link
 49   II,     5.  5.Int    |                cooperation in the field of mental health. The Council Conclusions
 50   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  Ministerial Conference on Mental Health. The Commission was
 51   II,     5.  5.Int    |                    Paper on 'Promoting the Mental Health of the Population'
 52   II,     5.  5.Int    |                   develop a EU strategy on mental health. The document outlined
 53   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  outlined the relevance of mental health for some of the EU'
 54   II,     5.  5.Int    |               development of a strategy on mental health at Community-level
 55   II,     5.  5.Int    |              patientsorganizations (e.g. Mental Health Europe, EUFAMI, EnterMentalHealth,)
 56   II,     5.  5.Int    |                human rights of people with mental ill healthPrevention
 57   II,     5.  5.Int    |                 ill healthPrevention of mental distressPromotion of
 58   II,     5.  5.Int    |                      Promotion of positive mental healthAchieving a continuous
 59   II,     5.  5.Int    |           improvement throughout Europe in mental health, the quality of care
 60   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  welfare for people with a mental illness, and the level of
 61   II,     5.  5.Int    |                 families touched by severe mental illness, NGOs, Healthcare
 62   II,     5.  5.  1    |                highly co-morbid with other mental disorders such as anxiety
 63   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  to stigma associated with mental disorders (Thornicroft 2008),
 64   II,     5.  5.  1    |                distress is obviously not a mental disease, its association
 65   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  diagnostic criteria for a mental disorder either because
 66   II,     5.  5.  1    |               suicides are associated with mental disorders, especially with
 67   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    Värnik et al., 2008).~ ~Mental disorders are estimated
 68   II,     5.  5.  1    |               comparability and quality of mental health related register
 69   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  differences in organising mental health services and in national
 70   II,     5.  5.  1    |            statistics on deaths related to mental health problems or on morbidity
 71   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  the reality of population mental health. These statistics
 72   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  of people who suffer from mental health problems but neither
 73   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  cannot be used to compare mental health morbidity between
 74   II,     5.  5.  1    |                seven indicators related to mental health. Those relevant for
 75   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    For more information on mental health data in HfA, see
 76   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  HfA includes incidence of mental disorders as total per 100
 77   II,     5.  5.  1    |             population for newly diagnosed mental disorders. These data have
 78   II,     5.  5.  1    |               routine reporting systems of mental health establishments, annual
 79   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 annual data collections on mental health and from health insurance
 80   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   number of all registered mental patients at the end of a
 81   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 annual data collections on mental health or relevant data
 82   II,     5.  5.  1    |               Health Data 2008 offers some mental health-related data for
 83   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 2008 includes also general mental health indicators like mortality
 84   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    years of life lost from mental and behavioural disorders,
 85   II,     5.  5.  1    |                presented in Chapter 5.5.1. Mental Disorders. The ESEMeD output
 86   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   detail in Chapter 5.5.1. Mental Disorders. Two Eurobarometer
 87   II,     5.  5.  1    |           psychological distress, positive mental health and care-seeking
 88   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    symptoms. Acceptance of mental health problems varies between
 89   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  in the stigma attached to mental disorders. The Eurobarometer
 90   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    account the most severe mental health disorders such as
 91   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 surveys using standardised mental health instruments that
 92   II,     5.  5.  1    |             attempted to take into account mental health or well-being by
 93   II,     5.  5.  1    |                data derived from validated mental health scales and interpretation
 94   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  or anxiety disorder or no mental disorder during 12 months,
 95   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    Relative burden of some mental health disorders and no
 96   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    tools and policies~ ~EU Mental Health Policies~ ~Depression
 97   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  disorder and economic and mental burden. The report recognised
 98   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   2004a)~ ~The most recent mental health activity of the Commission
 99   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    the introduction of the Mental Health Pact in June 2008.
100   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 suicides. These themes are mental health at schools, mental
101   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  mental health at schools, mental health at workplace, mental
102   II,     5.  5.  1    |                mental health at workplace, mental health of older people,
103   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    these themes and on the Mental Health Pact.~ ~EU co-funded
104   II,     5.  5.  1    |                Health Pact.~ ~EU co-funded mental health projects from EU
105   II,     5.  5.  1    |               Health Programmes concerning mental/mood disorders and suicide~ ~
106   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    and suicide~ ~The first mental health project co-funded
107   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   the central concepts for mental health as well promoted
108   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    suicides. Thus, several mental health programmes have been
109   II,     5.  5.  1    |              valuable for the promotion of mental health and prevention of
110   II,     5.  5.  1    |             European Commission, 2004b):~ ~Mental health projects co-funded
111   II,     5.  5.  1    |               ProgrammesContribution to mental health policy~General programmes
112   II,     5.  5.  1    |          programmes targeted to strengthen mental health policies in the EU.~
113   II,     5.  5.  1    |              policies in the EU.~o Putting Mental Health on the European Agenda (
114   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  1998-2000).~o Integrating Mental health promotion Interventions
115   II,     5.  5.  1    |               System (2002-4).~· Promoting mental health throughout the lifespan.~
116   II,     5.  5.  1    |               through~ these programmes.~o Mental health promotion for Children
117   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    a significant impact on mental health through one’s life.
118   II,     5.  5.  1    |            developed strategies to promote mental health of young children.~
119   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 Abuse Families (2002-3).~o Mental health promotion for Adolescents
120   II,     5.  5.  1    |               interventions for schools.~o Mental health promotion Strategies
121   II,     5.  5.  1    |                people.~o Implementation of Mental health promotion and Prevention
122   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    relevant information on mental health~Reliable and comparable
123   II,     5.  5.  1    |           comparable indicators to monitor mental health are necessary to
124   II,     5.  5.  1    |                strategies and policies for mental health promotion, prevention
125   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  establishment of a Set of Mental Health Indicators for European
126   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 The Report of the State of Mental Health in the European Union (
127   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   several Member States.~o Mental Health Information and Determinants
128   II,     5.  5.  1    |                      provided final set of mental health indicators and proposed
129   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    Field with relevance to mental/mood disorders and suicide~ ~
130   II,     5.  5.  1    |              discrimination of people with mental disorders, the social inclusion
131   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   inclusion of people with mental disabilities, and the prevention
132   II,     5.  5.  1    |                prevention and promotion of mental health in many European
133   II,     5.  5.  1    |           understanding and information on mental health and the promotion
134   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   approaches. The European Mental Health Pact offers a base
135   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 base for future actions on mental health promotion and prevention
136   II,     5.  5.  1    |         health promotion and prevention of mental disorders.~ ~It is evident
137   II,     5.  5.  1    |           development of policy action for mental health. High quality and
138   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    need to be collected on mental health disorders through
139   II,     5.  5.  1    |             repeated at regular intervals. Mental health surveys should also
140   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   H (2004a). Prevalence of mental disorders in Europe: results
141   II,     5.  5.  1    |               Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) project.
142   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   S, Bru t (2004b). Use of mental health services in Europe:
143   II,     5.  5.  1    |               Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) project.
144   II,     5.  5.  1    |                   2008). European Pact for mental Health. Brussels: European
145   II,     5.  5.  1    |             Commission (2004a). Action for Mental Health. Activities co-funded
146   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    determinants/life_style/mental/pubs_mental_health_en.htm~ ~
147   II,     5.  5.  1    |        determinants/life_style/mental/pubs_mental_health_en.htm~ ~Fryers T (
148   II,     5.  5.  1    |              age-of-onset distributions of mental disorders in the World Health
149   II,     5.  5.  1    |                Health Organization's World Mental Health Survey Initiative.
150   II,     5.  5.  1    |               lifetime use of services for mental health problems in six European
151   II,     5.  5.  1    |                        2002). Contact with mental health and primary care
152   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across
153   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  Result from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Br J Psychiatry
154   II,     5.  5.  1    |             discrimination limit access to mental health care. Epidemiol Psichiatr
155   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    depression in Europe. J Mental Health Policy Econ 9(2):
156   II,     5.  5.  2    |                food, physical activity and mental stimulation, can be changed
157   II,     5.  5.  2    |               exercise, social contact and mental stimulation. Certain factors,
158   II,     5.  5.  2    |                    for the UK inquiry into mental health and well-being in
159   II,     5.  5.  3    |              illness that has an impact on mental and physical health, and
160   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (
161   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     X~ ~Czech Republic~X~ ~Mental anorexia is recorded by
162   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 and metabolic diseases and mental disorders are collected.
163   II,     5.  5.  3    |             actions and programmes concern mental health and do not focus
164   II,     5.  5.  3    |                National Library for Health Mental Health Specialist Library [htt ] (
165   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition~
166   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 ICD-10/F20) is a relapsing mental disorder frequently leading
167   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  the fact sheet of the WHO Mental Health Report, 7 per 1000
168   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 the stigma associated with mental illness and especially with
169   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   studied, community based mental health services were not
170   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    and incidence rates for mental disorders as a whole. The
171   II,     5.  5.  3    |               differences between European mental health care systems.~ ~Statistics
172   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) where
173   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   and strategies regarding mental health policy.~Mortality~
174   II,     5.  5.  3    |        improvements in drug therapy and in mental health services, this mortality
175   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  due to differences in the mental health care systems, the
176   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 are already suffering from mental changes, including sub-psychotic
177   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    on the treatment gap in mental health care, European data
178   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    of the treatment gap in mental health care (people remaining
179   II,     5.  5.  3    |                thus being similar to other mental illnesses and somatic diseases.
180   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 resources~The WHO-Atlas on Mental Health delivers an overview
181   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 deficits.~Table 5.5.3.2.5. Mental health service in Europe~
182   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    the WHO-initiated World Mental Health Surveys (WHO, 2004),
183   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   Study on Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) (Demyttenaere
184   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  specialized personnel for mental health services are an important
185   II,     5.  5.  3    |               important resource of a good mental health system. On average,
186   II,     5.  5.  3    |                2001 World Health Report on Mental Health strongly favours
187   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  continue to rely on large mental hospitals to provide care
188   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  The extent and quality of mental health care in European
189   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 data from the WHO Atlas on mental health resources in the
190   II,     5.  5.  3    |            countries do not have specified mental health policies. More than
191   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 fifths of them do not have mental health programmes. One fifth
192   II,     5.  5.  3    |                About a tenth does not have mental health legislation”.~These
193   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 national health budgets to mental disorders: Although mental
194   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 mental disorders: Although mental disorders represent 20%
195   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 the budget is allocated to mental health care. Research is
196   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   Study on Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) providing
197   II,     5.  5.  3    |               Italy~The stigma attached to mental illness is the main obstacle
198   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     psychotropic drugs and mental health workers. Furthermore,
199   II,     5.  5.  3    | self-stigmatization in people afflicted by mental disorders: More than 60%
200   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  in the EU Green Paper for Mental Health, fighting stigma
201   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   ill people and improving mental health care. An evaluation
202   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   the aggregated burden of mental illness as a whole, and
203   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  for hospital stays due to mental disorders were about 2.5
204   II,     5.  5.  3    |               information on the amount of mental health expenditure. Families
205   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Families of people affected by mental disorders carry an enormous
206   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   the increasing burden of mental illnesses,. Investments
207   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    and policies~ ~National mental health acts or programmes~
208   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   a EU strategy to improve mental health in the European Region.
209   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    here below:~· WHO Atlas Mental Health, published in 2001210   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Collection of data on the mental health care system. www
211   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    health care system. www Mental Health in Europe 2001 -
212   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    WHO European Network on Mental Health~www. Mental health:
213   II,     5.  5.  3    |              Network on Mental Health~www. Mental health: facing the challenges,
214   II,     5.  5.  3    |           Ministerial Conference 2005~www. Mental health promotion and mental
215   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Mental health promotion and mental disorder prevention across~·
216   II,     5.  5.  3    |              European Commission, 2006a)~· Mental Health in the EUKey facts,
217   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 EU-programmes dealing with mental health. However, there is
218   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  to initiate a Europe-wide Mental Health Pact during a EU
219   II,     5.  5.  3    |                consolidated version of the Mental Health Pact – ww . The Implementation
220   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    the future direction of mental health care was edited in
221   II,     5.  5.  3    |           initiated a National Alliance on Mental Health supported by the
222   II,     5.  5.  3    |          programmes to fight the stigma of mental disorders. Such programmes
223   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  WHO ReportPrevention of Mental Disorders: Effective Interventions
224   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    to increase research on mental health-care and on health-services
225   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 ameliorate the delivery of mental health care by providing
226   II,     5.  5.  3    |              awareness of the relevance of mental illness. There is still
227   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    supply of all necessary mental health services and providers;~·
228   II,     5.  5.  3    |                health needs of people with mental illness. N S W Public Health
229   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Chatterji S; WHO World Mental Health Survey Consortium (
230   II,     5.  5.  3    |                unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health
231   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Journal
232   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Green Paper. Improving the mental health of the population:
233   II,     5.  5.  3    |          population: Towards a strategy on mental health for the European
234   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    determinants/life_style/mental/green_paper/mental_gp_en.
235   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   style/mental/green_paper/mental_gp_en.pdf; last accessed
236   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   Consultative Platform on Mental Health.~ec.europa.eu/health/
237   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    determinants/life_style/mental/green_paper/consultation_
238   II,     5.  5.  3    |               European Commission (2006a): Mental health promotion and mental
239   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Mental health promotion and mental disorder prevention across
240   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   E, Thornicroft G (2007): Mental Health Policy and Practice
241   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    The future direction of mental health care. Open University
242   II,     5.  5.  3    |                2004): The treatment gap in mental health care. Bull World
243   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   2007): No health without mental health. Lancet 370(9590):
244   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  FK (1990): Comorbidity of mental disorders with alcohol and
245   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Sartorius N (2007): Stigma and mental health. Lancet 370(9590):
246   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    Nordic Countries 2005 - Mental health in the Nordic countries (
247   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Organization, Division of Mental Health and Prevention of
248   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    Regional Office Europe: Mental Health in Europe. Country
249   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    WHO European Network on Mental Health. Available at: www f;
250   II,     5.  5.  3    |         Organization (WHO) (2001b): Atlas. Mental health resources in the
251   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Organisation (WHO) - World Mental Health Survey Consortium (
252   II,     5.  5.  3    |                unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health
253   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys (Kessler
254   II,     5.  5.  3    |        Organization (2005a): Prevention of Mental Disorders: Effective Interventions
255   II,     5.  5.  3    |               Health Organization (2005c): Mental health: facing the challenges,
256   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    Office Europe: Helsinki Mental Health Declaration for Europe.
257   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   general practitioner for mental health problems in a rural
258   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    X Syndrome is a form of mental retardation in which the
259   II,     5.  5.  3    |               usually associated to severe mental retardation. There also
260   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    related areas including mental health, the criminal justice
261   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    Lindsten et al., 2000~ ~Mental institution~Cross-sectional~
262   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Suicide as an outcome for mental disorders. A meta-analysis.
263   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    disease severity due to mental and/or physical disability (
264   II,     5.  6.  3    |                   the adverse physical and mental effects of the working place.~ ~
265   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 costs compared to 8.1% for mental retardation. Coronary heart
266   II,     5.  6.  4    |            disability pensions, along with mental disorders and cardiovascular
267   II,     5.  6.  4    |                  in several countries, the mental and musculoskeletal disorders
268   II,     5.  6.  4    |             largest diagnostic group after mental retardation to generate
269   II,     5. 10.  4    |                    to social isolation and mental health problems (Knibb et
270   II,     5. 13        |                   orthopaedic problems and mental disorders. A high BMI in
271   II,     5. 14.  5    |                  with mobility, sensory or mental impairments. Surveillance
272   II,     7.  3.  5    |                    of factors such as:~ ~· mental illnesssocial isolation~·
273   II,     7.  3.  5    |          depression or another diagnosable mental or substance abuse disorder.
274   II,     7.  4.  6    |            self-harm is closely related to mental health and in particular
275   II,     7.  4.  6    |                     and those already with mental health problems, are particularly
276   II,     7.  4.  6    |                 published a Green Paper on Mental Health which emphasised
277   II,     7.  4.  6    |                   existing projects in the mental health domain, with the
278   II,     7.  4.  6    |                    with the Green Paper on Mental Health and with future action
279   II,     7.  4.  7    |                takes many forms (physical, mental and sexual) and occurs in
280   II,     7.  7        |                  Ministerial Conference on Mental Health, Suicide prevention.
281   II,     8.  1.  1    |                  promote good physical and mental health and also incur risks
282   II,     8.  1.  3    |              breathing problems as well as mental nervous and emotional problems
283   II,     8.  1.  3    |                   60% of those affected by mental problems or epilepsy; by
284   II,     8.  2.  1    |                condition formerly known as mental handicap or, in the United
285   II,     8.  2.  1    |                  or, in the United States, mental retardation. By contrast,
286   II,     8.  2.  1    |            interchanged, erroneously, with mental health or psychiatric difficulties.
287   II,     8.  2.  1    |        intellectual disabilities may incur mental health difficulties in the
288   II,     8.  2.  1    |                  the risks to physical and mental health incurred by their
289   II,     8.  2.  1    |                   higher rates of obesity, mental health disorders, and lower
290   II,     8.  2.  1    |                    to mention epilepsy and mental health difficulties with
291   II,     8.  2.  1    |                  and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Version IV, 1994)
292   II,     8.  2.  1    |                    American Association of Mental Retardation) whose current
293   II,     8.  2.  1    |               range of 0.3-0.4% for severe mental retardation (IQ <50) and
294   II,     8.  2.  1    |                    50) and 3% for moderate mental retardation (IQ 50-70) (
295   II,     8.  2.  1    |                    A similar prevalence of mental retardation (1.2%) had been
296   II,     8.  2.  1    |              showed a prevalence of severe mental retardation (IQ less than
297   II,     8.  2.  1    |                     IQ less than 50), mild mental retardation (IQ between
298   II,     8.  2.  1    |                  IQ between 50 and 70) and mental subnormality (IQ between
299   II,     8.  2.  1    |          age-specific prevalence of severe mental retardation of 0.34% (Bersen,
300   II,     8.  2.  1    |                 risk for poorer health and mental health of children and adolescents
301   II,     8.  2.  1    |             experience poorer physical and mental health outcomes and typically
302   II,     8.  2.  1    |                    American Association on Mental Retardation (2002). Mental
303   II,     8.  2.  1    |                 Mental Retardation (2002). Mental Retardation Definition,
304   II,     8.  2.  1    |                    American Association on Mental Retardation~American Psychiatric
305   II,     8.  2.  1    |                  and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th Edition,
306   II,     8.  2.  1    |          disabilities. American Journal on Mental Retardation 112, 140-150.~
307   II,     8.  2.  1    |                     Health Disparities and Mental Retardation. Journal of
308   II,     8.  2.  1    |                     2007). The Renaming of Mental Retardation: Understanding
309   II,     8.  2.  1    |                 Health Organisation (2008) Mental Health Gap Action Programme
310   II,     8.  2.  1    |                mhGAP – Scaling up care for mental, neurological and substance
311   II,     9            |                determinant of physical and mental well-being. Unsafe sex can
312   II,     9            |              disability in children, or of mental disability, is not known
313   II,     9            |            subsequent stage. A physical or mental impairment clearly can affect
314   II,     9            |           development and play, education, mental wellbeing, and ultimately
315   II,     9            |                    who suffer from loss of mental function and/or confusion.~ ~
316   II,     9.  2.  1    |                 and adolescentsphysical, mental, and social health. Areas
317   II,     9.  2.  1    |                 context. Good physical and mental health, as well as the knowledge
318   II,     9.  2.  3    |                    which adversely affects mental health and development.~ ~
319   II,     9.  2.  3    |            Neumark-Sztainer et al 2004).~ ~Mental Health: Mental illnesses
320   II,     9.  2.  3    |                    2004).~ ~Mental Health: Mental illnesses pose an increasing
321   II,     9.  2.  3    |               linked to development delay. Mental health policy concerning
322   II,     9.  2.  3    |                area. The EU Green Paper on Mental Health makes only limited
323   II,     9.  2.  3    |                   use (WHO, 2005a).~ ~Good mental health, as much as good
324   II,     9.  2.  3    |                    we do not know well the mental health of European children.
325   II,     9.  2.  3    |                   cannot be justified. But mental health is not well represented –
326   II,     9.  2.  3    |                other aspects of children’s mental health uncovered. As an
327   II,     9.  2.  3    |                access by older children to mental health and counselling services –
328   II,     9.  2.  3    |                   to expect access to good mental health services when they
329   II,     9.  2.  3    |                 published a Green Paper on Mental Health. Although the paper
330   II,     9.  2.  3    |                    reference to children’s mental health needs and services,
331   II,     9.  2.  3    |                  of seeking to ensure good mental health, according to the
332   II,     9.  2.  3    |                 ultimate marker of adverse mental health, and is becoming
333   II,     9.  2.  4    |                determinant of physical and mental well-being. Unsafe sex can
334   II,     9.  2.  4    |              disability in children, or of mental disability, is not known
335   II,     9.  2.  4    |            subsequent stage. A physical or mental impairment clearly can affect
336   II,     9.  2.  4    |           development and play, education, mental wellbeing, and ultimately
337   II,     9.  2.  6    |               children, their physical and mental well being and its compromises,
338   II,     9.  2.  6    |             encourage coverage of positive mental health and measurement of
339   II,     9.  2.  6    |                  health and measurement of mental well being, harmonising
340   II,     9.  2.  7    |          Commission (2005a): Improving the mental health of the population:
341   II,     9.  2.  7    |          population: Towards a strategy on mental health for the European
342   II,     9.  2.  7    |                Green Paper - Improving the mental health of the population:
343   II,     9.  2.  7    |          population: Towards a strategy on mental health for the European
344   II,     9.  3.  1    |               Latvia (WHO HFA-DB, 2006).~ ~Mental health, psychiatric and
345   II,     9.  3.  1    |               adults suffered some form of mental health problem ranging from
346   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  such as the experience of mental health problems related
347   II,     9.  3.  1    |             differences in the patterns of mental health experienced by men
348   II,     9.  3.  1    |                impact on the EU economy of mental ill health is estimated
349   II,     9.  3.  1    |              people with even quite severe mental health problems in paid
350   II,     9.  3.  1    |          working-age people with long-term mental health problems are working,
351   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 and excluded from society (Mental Health Europe).~ ~Some Member
352   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 rights of individuals with mental health problems. Countries
353   II,     9.  3.  1    |           isolation and further impacts on mental health.~ ~Women are more
354   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  likely to seek specialist mental healthcare and are the principal
355   II,     9.  3.  1    |               suffering from emotional and mental health problems display
356   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   reported in the European Mental Health Report (2004) and
357   II,     9.  3.  1    |                problems.~ ~Brain function, mental health, and eye. The CNS
358   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  664~ ~Austbury J: (2002): Mental HealthGender Bias, Social
359   II,     9.  3.  1    |           Commission (2004a): The State of Mental Health in the European Union.
360   II,     9.  3.  1    |              against depression. Improving mental and well-being by combating
361   II,     9.  3.  1    |                    Liimatainen M-R (2000): Mental health in the workplace:
362   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  978-952-00-2270-9 (PDF)~ ~Mental Health Europe (MHE): ht l (
363   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   White AK (2006): Men and mental wellbeing: encouraging gender
364   II,     9.  3.  1    |            encouraging gender sensitivity. Mental Health Review Journal, 11(
365   II,     9.  3.  3    |                 and reproductive health to mental health and injuries. The
366   II,     9.  4.  3    |                  by causes of death, 65+~ ~Mental health, psychiatric and
367   II,     9.  4.  3    |                neurological disorders.~ ~ ~Mental health problems ranging
368   II,     9.  4.  3    |          addressing factors that impact on mental health and wellbeing such
369   II,     9.  4.  3    |       discrimination. Raising awareness of mental issues relevant to older
370   II,     9.  4.  4    |                    who suffer from loss of mental function and/or confusion.~ ~
371   II,     9.  4.  7    |            Commission (2004): The State of Mental Health in the European Union, htt df~
372   II,     9.  5.  3    |                resources and/or pregnancy. Mental health can be damaged when
373   II,     9.  5.  3    |           differences in the prevalence of mental disorders across the life-cycle ~
374   II,     9.  5.  3    |                   2004)~ ~Life-cycle stage~Mental disorder~Male: female difference~
375   II,     9.  5.  3    |                care physician and disclose mental health problems to him/her.
376   II,     9.  5.  3    |                  likely to seek specialist mental healthcare, and are the
377   II,     9.  5.  3    |                   disability associated to mental illness falls most heavily
378   II,     9.  5.  3    |                   visits to pharmacies and mental health consultations over
379   II,     9.  5.  4    |                    and PROGRESSProposed Mental Health Strategy: Promoting
380   II,     9.  5.  4    |                    Strategy: Promoting the mental health of the population.
381   II,     9.  5.  4    |          population. Towards a strategy on mental health for the EUGender
382   II,     9.  5.  4    |              disease, cancer, diabetes and mental health. Despite the substantial
383   II,     9.  5.  4    |                    coronary syndrome - and mental illnesses - e.g. depression
384   II,     9.  5.  6    |                   07)~ ~Austbury J (2002): Mental Health: ‘Gender Bias, Social
385   II,     9.  5.  6    |              against depression. Improving mental and well-being by combating
386   II,     9.  5.  6    |                      Gender differences in mental health’, in Gender Inequalities
387   II,     9.  5.  6    |                2005): Resource document on mental health and inequalities
388   II,     9.  5.  6    |            Scottish Development Centre for Mental Health~ ~Centers for Diseases
389   II,     9.  5.  6    |                  07)~ ~WHO (2000): Women’s mental health – an evidence based
390  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders,
391  III,    10.  2.  1    |            reported a variety of childhood mental and behavioural disorders
392  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  can lead to death; severe mental or physical health problems;
393  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  drug dependence and other mental health (psychosis, depression,
394  III,    10.  2.  1    |              stroke, cancers, diabetes and mental illness (CED, 2007). Rather
395  III,    10.  2.  1    |              stroke, cancers, diabetes and mental illness (CED, 2007). Rather
396  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Glenister D (1996): Exercise and mental health: a review. Journal
397  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   orthopaedic problems and mental disorders. A high BMI in
398  III,    10.  2.  1    |                    cardiovascular disease, mental disturbances and possibly
399  III,    10.  2.  1    |              problems arising are impaired mental development and growth in
400  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   and smell, dysphagia and mental disorientation can lead
401  III,    10.  2.  5    |            Introduction~Adult physical and mental health is linked to childhood
402  III,    10.  2.  5    |                 linked low birth weight to mental disorders like schizophrenia (
403  III,    10.  2.  5    |                increases susceptibility to mental disorders. Foetal malnutrition
404  III,    10.  2.  5    |              service to promote children's mental health. Infant Mental Health
405  III,    10.  2.  5    |                    s mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal 2002;23(6):
406  III,    10.  3.  2    |                  Reporting System~MMR~Mild Mental Retardation~NIHS~National
407  III,    10.  3.  4    |         respiratory and skin diseases, and mental health problems~Increase
408  III,    10.  3.  4    |                 respiratory insufficiency, mental and nervous system disorders,
409  III,    10.  3.  4    |            rodent-borne disease to serious mental health impacts as analysed
410  III,    10.  3.  4    |          experience of being flooded, many mental health problems, such as
411  III,    10.  3.  4    |                 health effects in terms of mental health and of reduced access
412  III,    10.  5.  1    |                strongly associated to poor mental health (Evans, 2003).~Within
413  III,    10.  5.  1    |                  survival rates and better mental health (Konlan et al, 2000;
414  III,    10.  5.  1    |                  is known to affect sleep, mental health, concentration and
415  III,    10.  5.  1    |                 impact on the physical and mental health and well-being of
416  III,    10.  5.  1    |                  The built environment and mental health. In: Journal of Urban
417  III,    10.  5.  2    |                  heart disease, stroke and mental illness (BMA, 2005).~ ~Evidence
418  III,    10.  5.  2    |                Wood, 2004).~ ~Looking into mental health, for example, a representative
419  III,    10.  5.  2    |                 from the UK indicated that mental state of mind is worse in
420  III,    10.  5.  2    |                   E.S. (2000): Urban-rural mental health differences in Great
421  III,    10.  5.  3    |              diseases (CVD) as well as for mental disorders - both diseases
422  III,    10.  5.  3    |                  it is not surprising that mental disorders and mental health
423  III,    10.  5.  3    |                  that mental disorders and mental health problems are the
424  III,    10.  5.  3    |                number of studies show that mental illness is a leading cause
425  III,    10.  5.  3    |              economic burden associated to mental disorders is immense. The
426  III,    10.  5.  3    |             pre-mature retirement. Amongst mental disorders, the indirect
427  III,    10.  5.  3    |                cardiovascular diseases and mental ill health. Essen. www.enwhp.
428  III,    10.  5.  3    |                   Grove, Job retention and mental health: a review of the
429  III,    10.  6.  1    |                    and support to positive mental health is well acknowledged (
430  III,    10.  6.  1    |           well-being and poor physical and mental health. A classic longitudinal
431  III,    10.  6.  1    |                             10.6.1.2.1 The Mental health indicator pilot study~
432  III,    10.  6.  1    |              important role in determining mental health and well-being, but
433  III,    10.  6.  1    |              networks protect physical and mental health. Their importance
434  III,    10.  6.  1    |                impact of social support on mental health and physical health.
435  III,    10.  6.  2    |               specific diseases (including mental illness) and most specific
436  III,    10.  6.  2    |                services due to physical or mental disability or to linguistic
437  III,    10.  6.  2    |               suffer from a combination of mental health problems or drug
438  III,    10.  6.  3    |                  has many forms (physical, mental and sexual), occurs in different
439   IV,    11.  1.  5    |                    cardiac care, diabetes, mental health, patient safety and
440   IV,    11.  2.  2    |            European governments have moved mental health problems up on their
441   IV,    11.  2.  2    |               health threats associated to mental illness. However, spending
442   IV,    11.  2.  2    |              illness. However, spending on mental health varies widely across
443   IV,    11.  2.  2    |                  of their health budget on mental health, with the lowest
444   IV,    11.  2.  2    |                  is screening. In terms of mental health, while the evidence
445   IV,    11.  2.  2    |             knowledge on the prevalence of mental health disorders.~ ~
446   IV,    11.  6.  5    |                     Knapp M et al. (2005): Mental health III: Funding mental
447   IV,    11.  6.  5    |                 Mental health III: Funding mental health in Europe. Policy
448   IV,    11.  6.  5    |                   D, Thornicroft G (2005): Mental health II: Balancing institutional
449   IV,    12.  2        |                  technologies, alcohol and mental health.~ ~Regular overviews
450   IV,    12.  5        |                   and improve physical and mental health, creating supportive
451   IV,    12.  5        |                    injuries and accidents, mental health and health services).
452   IV,    12. 10        |            services and the Smiley scheme, mental health, preventionbody of
453   IV,    12. 10        |                  health determinants~High~ Mental Health Act 2001~http://acts.
454   IV,    12. 10        |              Report of the~Expert Group on Mental Health Policy~http://www.
455   IV,    12. 10        |                  Office for Disability~and Mental Health (Jan 08)~ ~National
456   IV,    12. 10        |             National Media Campaign – Your Mental Health~(ongoinglaunched
457   IV,    12. 10        |               Executive)~ ~Introduction of Mental Health Tribunals~to provide
458   IV,    12. 10        |                   and (iii) disability and mental health were established
459   IV,    12. 10        |                 HospitalsDisability and Mental HealthOlder People~ ~
460   IV,    12. 10        |                  patients~ ~Disability and Mental Health~The National Disability
461   IV,    12. 10        |                   Policy Framework for the mental health services was published
462   IV,    12. 10        |              National policy is to develop mental health services in line
463   IV,    12. 10        |                  Office for Disability and Mental Health was established in
464   IV,    12. 10        |         psychosocial rehabilitation of the mental ill (1st phase 2000-2001)
465   IV,    12. 10        |              non-commercial structures for mental health care and emergency
466   IV,    12. 10        |                  problems).~Concerning the mental health of the general population, “
467   IV,    12. 10        |                  such as:~ ~Institutes for Mental Health and Psychosocial
468   IV,    12. 10        |            refugees etc~ ~Mobile Units for Mental Health: prevention, diagnosis
469   IV,    12. 10        |                 diagnosis and treatment of mental and affective disorders
470   IV,    12. 10        |                high~ ~ Plan psychiatry and mental health~http ~ ~Personal
471   IV,    12. 10        |                 Special targetsImproving mental health ” in national Public
472   IV,    12. 10        |                   Strategy in the field of mental health;~Secondary prevention
473   IV,    12. 10        |             prevention of risk factors for mental illnesses in children~ ~
474   IV,    12. 10        |                 for families with parental mental or abuse problems, 5) occupational
475   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                females, respectively. Mild mental retardation, resulting from
476   IV,    13.  2.  3    |                 adjusted life years). Mild mental retardation resulting from
477   IV,    13.  5        |                 comparability. Age-related mental illnesses, especially dementia,
478   IV,    13.  5        |                services due to physical or mental disability or to linguistic
479   IV,    13.  6.  2    |                   the problem. In cases of mental health, anxiety or depression,
480   IV,    13.  8        |                  and physical activity, on mental health, on the health strategy
481  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0    |                    meningococcus~menopause~mental~mercury~mesothelioma~methadone~