Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  1        |               an impact of the health system on the economy irrespective
  2    I,     2.  1        |              ways in which the health system affects health. As one of
  3    I,     2.  7        |                it is up to the health system to provide adequate and
  4    I,     2.  7        |            underground waste disposal system and the intelligent traffic
  5    I,     2. 10.  1    |               post-genomic healthcare system also challenges the existing
  6    I,     2. 10.  4    |              a complicated Healthcare system and can occur anywhere in
  7    I,     2. 10.  4    |          anywhere in the distribution system, although predominantly
  8    I,     2. 10.  4    |       introduced a robotic dispensing system in May 2003. A study in
  9    I,     2. 10.  4    |        deploying a robotic dispensing system, saw a reduction in time
 10    I,     2. 10.  4    |        borders. A global standardised system for traceability, from product
 11    I,     2. 10.  4    |            developed for one tracking system will not necessarily be
 12    I,     2. 10.  4    |               products” using the GS1 System of global standards21. The
 13    I,     2. 10.  4    |             recommending that the GS1 System should be adopted throughout
 14    I,     2. 10.  4    |             throughout the Healthcare system in England, both for manufactured
 15   II,     4.Acr        |           EHSS~European Health Survey System~EUROPOP 2004~2004-based
 16   II,     4.  1        |              Unit (EHEMU) Information System and are available on the
 17   II,     4.  1        |            the European Health Survey System (EHSS) is relatively new.
 18   II,     5.  1.  1    |            unknown.~ ~· Other nervous system disorders~Exposure in utero
 19   II,     5.  2.  1    |           Diseases of the circulatory system (ICD 9: 390-459) consist
 20   II,     5.  2.  2    |            age groups for circulatory system (IHD, stroke and other CVD),
 21   II,     5.  2.  6    |          national policies and health system governance and for international
 22   II,     5.  3.  2    |             Cancer Health Information System in the European Union;~·
 23   II,     5.  3.  2    |       Europe-wide cancer surveillance system to describe differences,
 24   II,     5.  3.  7    |         available for the health care system and hospital budgets are
 25   II,     5.  3.  7    |              comes to the health care system to integrate these drugs
 26   II,     5.  3.  7    |              levels within the health system.~Cancer control plans (NCPs)
 27   II,     5.  4.  2    |              of a common benchmarking system for quality improvement
 28   II,     5.  4.  2    |               of diabetes information system through which clinical practice
 29   II,     5.  4.  2    |      implementation of a surveillance system on diabetes and its complications
 30   II,     5.  4.  6    |         development of a surveillance system at continental level. In
 31   II,     5.  4.  6    |              comprising an evaluation system with measurable targets
 32   II,     5.  4.  7    |          propose a way to implement a system devolving the responsibility
 33   II,     5.  4.  7    |            spread the use of the BIRO system to produce online indicators,
 34   II,     5.  4.  7    |              complications);~· health system (structures, structural
 35   II,     5.  4.  8    |               screening and follow-up system in diabetes mellitus, Diabet
 36   II,     5.  4.  8    |             electronic patient record system for diabetes, Stud Health
 37   II,     5.  5.  1    |          Practice and the Health Care System (2002-4).~· Promoting mental
 38   II,     5.  5.  1    |             indicators and proposed a system to analyse and report all
 39   II,     5.  5.  2    |           framework of the healthcare system and/or through social welfare
 40   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Study on Ageing~MSA~Multiple System Atrophy~PD~Parkinson’s disease~
 41   II,     5.  5.  3    |          comparable health monitoring system at European Union level.
 42   II,     5.  5.  3    |       expenditures of the health care system is due to schizophrenia
 43   II,     5.  5.  3    |        diseases of the cardiovascular system (due to the use of nicotine)
 44   II,     5.  5.  3    |            they can be adapted to the system’s special opportunities
 45   II,     5.  5.  3    |               of a good mental health system. On average, the situation
 46   II,     5.  5.  3    |             on the mental health care system. www Mental Health in Europe
 47   II,     5.  5.  3    |               the case identification system is very weak and variable
 48   II,     5.  5.  3    |            have an agreed information system to record ASD data. This
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |          health, the criminal justice system and the general public.
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |            harmonised ASD information system in Europe.~Tools have been
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |               2004). The ICD-9 coding system was used for disease classification.
 52   II,     5.  5.  3    |       disorder of the central nervous system, characterised by inflammation,
 53   II,     5.  5.  3    |             1993.~Based on a registry system established in the early
 54   II,     5.  5.  3    |              the national health care system, multiple large population-based
 55   II,     5.  5.  3    |        reflect a change in the coding system over time. Also, when MS
 56   II,     5.  5.  3    |               at least one functional system, 4.0-6.5 refers to fully
 57   II,     5.  5.  3    |        effects on the central nervous system (CNS) inflammation compared
 58   II,     5.  5.  3    |             an independent monitoring system that will feed into the
 59   II,     5.  5.  3    |             nerves, autonomic nervous system function e.g bladder, bowel
 60   II,     5.  5.  3    |             collection and management system of different national care
 61   II,     5.  5.  3    |         Sclerosis~CNS~Central Nervous System~DALY~Disability Adjusted
 62   II,     5.  5.  3    |       symptoms of PD include multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive
 63   II,     5.  5.  3    |  Epidemiological evidence on multiple system atrophy. J Neural Transm
 64   II,     5.  7.  1    |             patients (U.S. Renal Data System, 2005).~ ~Definitions~ ~
 65   II,     5.  7.  3    |             in 2005) (U.S. Renal Data System, USRDS, 2007) are 1.5-3
 66   II,     5.  7.  3    |            1003 pmp) (U.S. Renal Data System, USRDS ,2007).~ ~Table 5.
 67   II,     5.  7.  5    |          element of the dialysis care system. The government has stepped
 68   II,     5.  7.  5    |               has stepped back from a system of planning; now, licensing
 69   II,     5.  7.  5    |                At present, there is a system of quality control, auditing
 70   II,     5.  7.  5    |           development of an efficient system for benchmarking clinical
 71   II,     5.  7.  5    |               the first in which this system was in operation, roughly
 72   II,     5.  7.  6    |             the UK offers a web-based system to provide support to kidney
 73   II,     5.  7.  7    |              United States Renal Data System, National Institute of Health,
 74   II,     5.  8.  3    |  comprehensive integrated health-care system (Sidney et al, 2005). These
 75   II,     5.  9. FB    |               require the health care system to ensure regular follow-up.
 76   II,     5.  9. FB    |             the fall of the communist system were associated to an increasing
 77   II,     5. 10.  1    |            and/or the central nervous system (EFSA, 2004). As for allergies
 78   II,     5. 10.  2    |            Immunogenetics Information System~http r/~IUIS Allergen Nomenclature
 79   II,     5. 10.  7    |               The Norwegian reporting system and register of severe allergic
 80   II,     5. 11.  3    |             The European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA)
 81   II,     5. 11.  3    |             The European Surveillance System of Contact Allergies (ESSCA):
 82   II,     5. 12.  2    |               Statistical Information System, 2006b) for 28 European
 83   II,     5. 12.  2    |               Statistical Information System, 2006b). From the matrices
 84   II,     5. 12.  2    |               Statistical Information System, 2006a).~ ~ ~ ~
 85   II,     5. 12.  4    |               Statistical Information System, 2006a), and the subsequent
 86   II,     5. 12.  7    |               Statistical Information System (2006a): Health topics.
 87   II,     5. 12.  7    |               Statistical Information System (2006b): WHO mortality database
 88   II,     5. 14.  2    |         established a data collection system at the national level: only
 89   II,     5. 14.  2    |               part of health services system. In Denmark, an advanced
 90   II,     5. 14.  2    |         Denmark, an advanced computer system has been established for
 91   II,     5. 14.  2    |              monitoring and recording system and furthermore, on respecting
 92   II,     5. 14.  3    |             of the dental health care system. It is therefore necessary
 93   II,     5. 14.  3    |         primary purpose of the health system, whence the suggestion of
 94   II,     5. 14.  3    |                  The oral health care system in Europe, which represents
 95   II,     5. 14.  5    |               any health surveillance system so that trends and changes
 96   II,     5. 14.  5    |          reorganisation of the health system for a better quality of
 97   II,     5. 14.  5    |               levels of the reference system. A challenge that this European
 98   II,     5. 14.  5    |               a European surveillance system and to make recommendations
 99   II,     5. 14.  5    |  recommendations for improving health system information performance
100   II,     5. 14.  7    |      accommodate the service delivery system to the needs of older adults,
101   II,     5. 14.  7    |          expectations. A surveillance system based on a sociodental approach
102   II,     5. 15.  3    |         estimates, since the registry system has several limitations.
103   II,     5. 15.  3    |             addition, the health care system, both in Northern Italy
104   II,     5. 15.  5    |       organisation of the health care system.~ ~RD are model diseases
105   II,     6.Acr        |            Early Warning and Response System~HBV~Hepatitis B Virus~HCAI~
106   II,     6.  3.  2    |               are not covered and the system relies on voluntary reporting
107   II,     6.  3.  6    |          therefore a priority. Such a system should integrate laboratory
108   II,     6.  4.  2    |            early warning and response system (EWRS) to alert public health
109   II,     6.  4.  2    |            early warning and response system (EWRS). EWRS is a web-based
110   II,     6.  4.  2    |            EWRS). EWRS is a web-based system linking the Commission,
111   II,     6.  4.  2    |                are also linked to the system.~ ~Decision 2119/98/EC of
112   II,     6.  4.  2    |            for the functioning of the system. Under these decisions,
113   II,     6.  4.  4    |            Early Warning and Response System in order to link the competent
114   II,     6.  4.  5    |         reinforce the food monitoring system as regards methods of analysis,
115   II,     7.  2.  3    |           States. The purpose of CARE system is to provide a powerful
116   II,     7.  2.  4    |           universal » Social Security system. For accidents at work data
117   II,     7.  3.  2    |           diseases of the respiratory system claim more lives (Table
118   II,     7.  3.  4    |           ongoing. Weaknesses of this system and problems with comparability
119   II,     7.  3.  4    |              all injurysurveillance system such as the EU Injury Database (
120   II,     7.  4        |            Community Health Indicator system (ECHI) is a proposal for
121   II,     7.  4.  7    |              the European Statistical System.~ ~There is a need for more
122   II,     7.  4.  7    |           police, justice and welfare system. Stakeholders need to be
123   II,     7.  5        |        European Core Health Interview System);~· Secure the application
124   II,     7.  5        |          Community injury information system, according to existing Community
125   II,     8.Acr        |           EHSS~European Health Survey System~EUHSID~European Union Health
126   II,     8.  1.  2    |              the European Statistical System (ESS)1 will continue on
127   II,     8.  1.  2(1) |                  European Statistical System, see: htt AL~
128   II,     8.  1.  4    |                European Health Survey System).~
129   II,     8.  2.  1    |     developing European Health Survey System by providing open access
130   II,     8.  2.  1    |       Definition, Classification, and System of Supports (10th Ed) Washington,
131   II,     8.  2.  1    |           EHSS~European Health Survey System)~HIS~Health Interview Survey~
132   II,     8.  2.  2    |       high-quality, equitable eyecare system into strengthened national
133   II,     8.  2.  3    |             ESS:~European Statistical System~EDSIM:~Disability and Social
134   II,     8.  2.  3    |                European Health Survey System~ ~ ~
135   II,     9            |        decline of a body’s biological system is largely determined by
136   II,     9.  1.  1    |           part of a routine reporting system in Europe, will enrich our
137   II,     9.  1.  1    |       Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Jama 2000;284(7):843-9.~
138   II,     9.  1.  1    |       Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Jama 284(7):843-9.~ ~Kramer
139   II,     9.  1.  2    |               developing an effective system of preconceptional care.
140   II,     9.  1.  2    |             not use a standard coding system. It can be difficult to
141   II,     9.  1.  2    |               3.6 per 1 000), urinary system (2.8 per 1 000) and nervous
142   II,     9.  1.  2    |              8 per 1 000) and nervous system defects (2.0 per 1 000).
143   II,     9.  1.  2    |         deaths with anomaly), nervous system anomalies (19% of perinatal
144   II,     9.  1.  2    |             than stillbirths. Nervous system defects contribute equally
145   II,     9.  1.  2    |            presents to the healthcare system significant challenges in
146   II,     9.  1.  2    |              the European information system for rare diseases. The added
147   II,     9.  1.  2    |      sustainable European information systemdecisions on funding are
148   II,     9.  1.  2    |               generated by the health system. There are many areas therefore
149   II,     9.  1.  2    |            for congenital anomalies a system of pre-conceptional care
150   II,     9.  2.  2    |          European routine statistical system, nor is there any apparent
151   II,     9.  2.  2    |              or outside of the school system i.e. truants and those involved
152   II,     9.  2.  3    |           into the overall healthcare system in order to close the treatment
153   II,     9.  3.  1    |               effective early warning system for coronary artery disease (
154   II,     9.  3.  2    |              a major marker of health system performance because many
155   II,     9.  3.  2    |           section, and also by health system characteristics including
156   II,     9.  3.  2    |       Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Jama 2000;284(7):843-9.~ ~
157   II,     9.  4.  3    |           circulatory and respiratory system (these being more common
158   II,     9.  4.  3    |           diseases of the circulatory system and diseases of the respiratory
159   II,     9.  4.  3    |           diseases of the respiratory system (Assoc. of European Cancer
160   II,     9.  4.  4    |        decline of a body’s biological system is largely determined by
161   II,     9.  4.  5    |            way as men. The healthcare system has an important role to
162   II,     9.  5.  4    |       developing the European schools system.~ Reference A6-0200/2005 :
163   II,     9.  5.  4    |          Programme (FP5) Gender Watch System, to examine earlier Programmes
164  III,    10.  1        |           environment and health care system. Individual health determinants
165  III,    10.  1        |              costs to the health-care system.~ ~The physical environment
166  III,    10.  1        |          endocrine disruptors~Nervous system disorders~lead~PCBs~methyl
167  III,    10.  1.  3    |      Germanies: East Germany’s health system provides lessons 14 years
168  III,    10.  2.  1    |               efficient drug delivery system. When tobacco is smoked,
169  III,    10.  2.  1    |           efficient nicotine delivery system. Snuff is fine ground moist
170  III,    10.  2.  1(10)|              and through notification system, the latter not well implemented
171  III,    10.  2.  1    |            the European dental health system could target the reduction
172  III,    10.  2.  1    |        physical activity surveillance system for the EU27 as one of the
173  III,    10.  2.  4    |              post-genomic health care system also challenges the existing
174  III,    10.  2.  4    |             and the impact of the CYP system, we do not see any Public
175  III,    10.  3.  1    |              risks to the respiratory system and of migraines are of
176  III,    10.  3.  1    |         effects on the cardiovascular system such as increased blood
177  III,    10.  3.  2    |              Major Accident Reporting System~MMR~Mild Mental Retardation~
178  III,    10.  3.  2    |           Community Rapid Information System~RASFF~Rapid Alert Systems
179  III,    10.  3.  2    |              of Chemicals), a uniform system for the handling and management
180  III,    10.  3.  2    |           Community Rapid Information System (RAPEX) for non-food consumer
181  III,    10.  3.  2    |         Through these two indices the system records the number of health
182  III,    10.  3.  2    |          endocrine disruptors~Nervous system disorders~lead~PCBs~methyl
183  III,    10.  3.  2    |               the Globally harmonised system for classification and labelling (
184  III,    10.  3.  2    |               The Globally Harmonised System (GHS) for classifying and
185  III,    10.  3.  2    |            2003): Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling
186  III,    10.  3.  3    |         spread to the central nervous system. In recent years, a new
187  III,    10.  3.  3    |            other parts of the nervous system of infected cattle, do not
188  III,    10.  3.  4    |               and may lead to nervous system disorders in 2030% of people.
189  III,    10.  3.  4    |     insufficiency, mental and nervous system disorders, blood and metabolic
190  III,    10.  3.  4    |     communicable disease surveillance system was in place and vaccinations
191  III,    10.  3.  4    |          illnesses of the respiratory system, particularly in children,
192  III,    10.  3.  4    |              influence on the climate system , the excess deaths of the
193  III,    10.  4.  1    |    Environment and Health Information System~EU LV~EU Limit Value~EUROSTAT~
194  III,    10.  4.  1    |      structural changes in the energy system. The main contributor to
195  III,    10.  4.  1    |    environment and health information system based on indicators, proposed
196  III,    10.  4.  2    |              safety~RASFF~Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed~SCNT~Somatic
197  III,    10.  4.  2    |         weaknesses in the rapid alert system.~ ~The “white paper on food
198  III,    10.  4.  2    |           creation of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF);~·
199  III,    10.  4.  2    |             sources~ ~The Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (htt m)
200  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Food and Feed (htt m) is a system which ensures the sharing
201  III,    10.  4.  2    |      Commission under the rapid alert system of: (a) any measure they
202  III,    10.  4.  2    |              the first time since the system has been operating, the
203  III,    10.  4.  2    |            are similar European alert system and networks for events
204  III,    10.  4.  2    |                The European Community system for the monitoring and collection
205  III,    10.  4.  2    |           Animal Disease Notification system (ADNS). Council Directive
206  III,    10.  4.  2    |            The ADNS is a notification system through which this information
207  III,    10.  4.  2    |       inserted directly into the ADNS system via internet or sent by
208  III,    10.  4.  2    |  automatically inserted into the ADNS system.~ ~It is mainly a management
209  III,    10.  4.  2    |               to the application. The system allows the monitoring of
210  III,    10.  4.  2    |              can be found on the ADNS system. The page can be accessed
211  III,    10.  4.  2    |         outbreak notified to the ADNS system is given for the current
212  III,    10.  4.  2    |         summary data sent to the ADNS system by the affected countries
213  III,    10.  4.  2    |             animal health information System, based on the commitment
214  III,    10.  4.  2    |           established the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF)
215  III,    10.  4.  2    |            reports on the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed summarise
216  III,    10.  4.  2    |            development of the~nervous system~ ~As of 1-1-2006 standard~
217  III,    10.  4.  2    |    development of the~central nervous system;~persistent and accumulate~
218  III,    10.  4.  2    |    development of the~central nervous system;~deleterious to the thyroid~
219  III,    10.  4.  2    |          thyroid~gland and the immune~system~ ~Consumer Goods Act~standards
220  III,    10.  4.  2    |          informed via the Rapid Alert System for Food about acrylamide
221  III,    10.  4.  2    |               establish an obligatory system for the monitoring of pesticide
222  III,    10.  4.  2    |            the design of the sampling system, the multi-annual Community
223  III,    10.  4.  2    |                 The QPS approach is a system similar in concept and purpose
224  III,    10.  4.  2    |               placed to devise a safe system for supplying food/feed
225  III,    10.  4.  2    |         central role in maintaining a system of official controls and
226  III,    10.  4.  3    |   Organisation~WISE~Water Information System for Europe~WSP~Water Safety
227  III,    10.  4.  3    |    Environment and Health Information System of the WHO, the WHO report:
228  III,    10.  4.  3    |              is the Water Information System for Europe (WISE), which
229  III,    10.  4.  3    |           failure in the water supply system - such as missing or faulty
230  III,    10.  4.  3    |   micro-organisms in the distribution system. Another cause is leaks
231  III,    10.  4.  3    |              of Legionella in a water system does not always result in
232  III,    10.  4.  3    |             the domestic distribution system. These objectives are applicable
233  III,    10.  4.  3    |        through the water distribution system. Arsenic, as a contaminant
234  III,    10.  4.  3    |             Geneva.~Water Information System for Europe (WISE): Environment -
235  III,    10.  4.  4    |           Community Rapid Information System (RAPEX) for non-food consumer
236  III,    10.  4.  4    |              monitoring and reporting system which can identify the nature
237  III,    10.  4.  5    |                WISE Water Information System for Europe~ ~Introduction~ ~
238  III,    10.  4.  5    |              is the Water Information System for Europe (WISE), which
239  III,    10.  4.  5    |           Community Rapid Information System~SEA~Strategic Environmental
240  III,    10.  5.  1    |              by a voluntary reporting system. In 1997, a new monitoring
241  III,    10.  5.  1    |             In 1997, a new monitoring system for waterborne outbreaks
242  III,    10.  5.  1    |          water, are reported. The new system improved detection rates.
243  III,    10.  5.  1    |               parks and in the sewage system. In both cases, hygiene
244  III,    10.  5.  1    |             an urban health indicator system as an essential part of
245  III,    10.  5.  1    |             information and knowledge system. Based on previous works
246  III,    10.  5.  1    |               on the development of a system of urban health indicators.~ ht ~ ~
247  III,    10.  6.  2    |             the access to the medical system is unevenly distributed
248  III,    10.  6.  2    |          Community health information system. Health inequalities also
249  III,    10.  6.  2    |          opportunities.~· Health care system: The German Federal Centre
250  III,    10.  6.  3    |           police, justice and welfare system. Stakeholders need to be
251   IV,    11.  1.  1    |     performance of a country’s health system. Health systems are composed
252   IV,    11.  1.  1    |             the responsiveness of the system towards the expectations
253   IV,    11.  1.  1    |               all actions of a health system are meant to increase the
254   IV,    11.  1.  1    |              a well-performing health system can play in contributing
255   IV,    11.  1.  1    |           conceptualization of health system functions into four dimensions:
256   IV,    11.  1.  1    |             underpinnings of a health system.~ ~The aim of this chapter,
257   IV,    11.  1.  1    |            that each country’s health system influences these indicators
258   IV,    11.  1.  1    |             and functions of a health system and an understanding of
259   IV,    11.  1.  2(1) |       questionnaire based on the OECD System of Health Accounts in 2006
260   IV,    11.  1.  3    |              health care (or a health system) on the population’s health
261   IV,    11.  1.  3    |               from measures of health system performance that are based,
262   IV,    11.  1.  3    |               an indicator for health system performance measurement.
263   IV,    11.  1.  3    |             there is a link to health system performance. This has brought
264   IV,    11.  1.  3    |             of the above, health care system performance is a high priority
265   IV,    11.  1.  3    |              differences between each system, even within the same broad
266   IV,    11.  1.  3    |               provided via the health system, or are they more an active
267   IV,    11.  1.  3    |             further demands on health system sustainability? The answer
268   IV,    11.  1.  3    |               or nature of the health system itself. The role of society
269   IV,    11.  1.  3    |           order to measure the health system’s contribution to socially
270   IV,    11.  1.  3    |             support continuous health system improvement efforts – is
271   IV,    11.  1.  3    |            measure and improve health system performance been realized.
272   IV,    11.  1.  3    |           works to achieve the health system objectives and identify
273   IV,    11.  1.  3    |              measurement of their own system’s performance and comparing
274   IV,    11.  1.  3    |             to be done to improve the system when faced with evidence
275   IV,    11.  1.  3    |            point for measuring health system performance. It outlines
276   IV,    11.  1.  3    |         evaluating a country’s health system, these indicators are incredibly
277   IV,    11.  1.  3    |            and benefits of the health system. Furthermore, a composite
278   IV,    11.  1.  3    |            that depends on the health system being assessed, the availability
279   IV,    11.  1.  3    |              objectives of the health system; these include: access to
280   IV,    11.  1.  4    |              consider not just health system efficiency, but also the
281   IV,    11.  1.  4    |         degree of cost sharing in the system. In much of Europe, many
282   IV,    11.  1.  4    |             alternative to the public system may allow higher income
283   IV,    11.  1.  4    |           that coverage by the public system relates directly to their
284   IV,    11.  1.  4    |        largely publicly funded health system. Specifically, while there
285   IV,    11.  1.  5    |               influence by the health system (Mattke, Kelley et al, 2006).
286   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           administrative costs to the system, these programmes should
287   IV,    11.  1.  5    |      responsiveness within the health system, and overall levels of satisfaction.
288   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           operates an annual national system of reporting adverse events.
289   IV,    11.  1.  5    |         another country with a formal system for ensuring patient safety.~ ~
290   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            initiated a rapid response system to early signs of declining
291   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            finances of the healthcare system, as they lead to greater
292   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           patients believe the health system is responsible for avoiding
293   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          Satisfaction with the health system~ ~Patient and public satisfaction
294   IV,    11.  1.  5    |             the statement “the health system runs quite well” (as also
295   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           positive view of the health system from 1996-2002. The remaining
296   IV,    11.  1.  5    |   satisfaction towards the healthcare system as a whole.~ ~Figure 11.
297   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          satisfaction with the health system (scale of 1-8)~ ~
298   IV,    11.  1.  6    |               committed to the health system e.g. costs and utilization
299   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            productivity of the health system. Macro level studies of
300   IV,    11.  1.  6    |           associations between health system features or expenditure
301   IV,    11.  1.  6    |    expenditure and outcomes.~ ~Health system productivity can be defined
302   IV,    11.  1.  6    |        developing a measure of health system productivity attempting
303   IV,    11.  1.  6    |      measurement of the output of the system (Department of Health, 2005).
304   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              at various levels of the system. This is still a premature
305   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            quality outcomes of health system financing. Specifically,
306   IV,    11.  1.  6    |          through taxation in a public system.~ ~Capitation is the payment
307   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              place a hospital payment system based on global budgets,
308   IV,    11.  1.  6    |           penalized). The DRG payment system was first introduced in
309   IV,    11.  1.  6    |        retrospective hospital payment system towards one linked to activity
310   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              a methodologically sound system (Busse et al, 2006). Technical
311   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              arise in designing a DRG system to ensure patients within
312   IV,    11.  1.  6    |               initial US Medicare DRG system have been translated into
313   IV,    11.  1.  6    |          design to the suit their own system. Moreover, while significant
314   IV,    11.  1.  6    |               DRGs play in the health system, and in some cases in their
315   IV,    11.  1.  6    |           developed alongside the DRG system (HOPE - European Hospital
316   IV,    11.  1.  6    |                  The success of a DRG system depends on the incentives
317   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              policy objectives. A DRG system is associated to several
318   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              use of a blended payment system. Countries in Western Europe
319   IV,    11.  1.  6    |               towards a mixed payment system for funding hospital services.
320   IV,    11.  1.  6    |             use some form of case-mix system, based on an adaptation
321   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              an adaptation of the DRG system combined with a global budget
322   IV,    11.  1.  6    |               global budget cap. Each system has adapted the specifics
323   IV,    11.  1.  6    |              or modifying an existing system (with different modifications
324   IV,    11.  1.  6    |       countries), or developing a new system (e.g. in the Netherlands
325   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            Health Related Group (HRG) system introduced in 2003/2004
326   IV,    11.  1.  6    |               in which the healthcare system operates. OECD country data
327   IV,    11.  2        |           three key aspects of health system performance: access to care,
328   IV,    11.  2.  1    |            for patients in the health system. This contact may be a general
329   IV,    11.  2.  1    |           controlled. Strength of the system was measured using a 10-
330   IV,    11.  2.  1    |             component scale of health system characteristics such as
331   IV,    11.  3        |                          11.3. Health system resources~ ~Accessible high
332   IV,    11.  3        |             services. The resources a system has at its disposal to pursue
333   IV,    11.  3.  1    |      intensive. Typically, the health system is among the largest, if
334   IV,    11.  3.  1    |           demand) and also to how the system is organized (supply). With
335   IV,    11.  3.  1    |               of nurses in the health system varies across Europe. In
336   IV,    11.  3.  2    |             expenditure in the health system. Indeed, as shown in Table
337   IV,    11.  3.  2    |            statutory health insurance system. The public share of total
338   IV,    11.  3.  2    |               While the price control system in the UK may not have been
339   IV,    11.  4        |              underuse within the same system. Successful implementation
340   IV,    11.  5.  3    |               whereas in other 12 the system is driven by guidelines.~
341   IV,    11.  5.  4    |               aspects of the donation system within each country.~ ~One
342   IV,    11.  5.  4    |         establishment of an efficient system for identifying people that
343   IV,    11.  5.  4    |               an efficient transplant system in place ensuring that the
344   IV,    11.  5.  4    |               at national level. This system needs an appropriate legal
345   IV,    11.  5.  4    |         crucial in the organisational system. These authorities must
346   IV,    11.  5.  4    |               an effective allocation system is essential. This system
347   IV,    11.  5.  4    |             system is essential. This system has to take into account
348   IV,    11.  5.  4    |         efficient results.~A flexible system combining a decentralised
349   IV,    11.  5.  4    |         documentation.~The transplant system must ensure traceability
350   IV,    11.  5.  4    |            donor to recipient(s). The system must have an alert capacity
351   IV,    11.  5.  4    |           with the existing community system for tissues and cells. An
352   IV,    11.  5.  4    |               on the tissue vigilance system if needed.~The key role
353   IV,    11.  5.  4    |             and safety criteria. This system would provide a complete
354   IV,    11.  5.  5    |            bodies.~ ~European Quality System for Tissue Banking:(Public
355   IV,    11.  5.  5    |            courses for 40 inspectors, system of adverse event classification
356   IV,    11.  6.  1    |        definitions and initial health system characteristics (public-private
357   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             performance of the health system in terms of equity, efficiency,
358   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             significant reform to the system of health financing was
359   IV,    11.  6.  2    |               which moved from a dual system of statutory social insurance
360   IV,    11.  6.  2    |      insurance to a heavily regulated system of statutory health insurance
361   IV,    11.  6.  2    |       indirect taxes in the financing system thus has a significant impact
362   IV,    11.  6.  2    |         taxation since an independent system of revenue collection is
363   IV,    11.  6.  2    |   respectively. In Hungary, an online system was also introduced to verify
364   IV,    11.  6.  2    |        changes to the Dutch financing system. This Law replaces the separate (
365   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             private insurers. The new system is characterised by market
366   IV,    11.  6.  2    |    Bartholomee and Maarse, 2006). The system is operated by private insurers
367   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              to opt out of the public system were withdrawn in response
368   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            offered through the public system, there might be differential
369   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            fully funded by the public system). Cost sharing exists to
370   IV,    11.  6.  3    |             extent to which a funding system will redistribute income
371   IV,    11.  6.  3    |               effect as a progressive system, a proportional system must
372   IV,    11.  6.  3    |    progressive system, a proportional system must unequally distribute
373   IV,    11.  6.  3    |               that a less progressive system in which public spending
374   IV,    11.  6.  3    |            than in a more progressive system, but with less public spending
375   IV,    11.  6.  3    | redistributive effect of a healthcare system in order to account for
376   IV,    11.  6.  3    |           1997). In examining the tax system as a whole, in 1998-1999
377   IV,    11.  6.  3    |               in 1998-1999 the UK tax system was found to be slightly
378   IV,    11.  6.  3    |              will create a regressive system. Income tax in France, Germany,
379   IV,    11.  6.  3    |              to be a more progressive system of financing than local
380   IV,    11.  6.  3    |                 to stay in the public system, the payments become regressive (
381   IV,    11.  6.  3    |             in the 1990s, the funding system in Sweden redistributed
382   IV,    11.  6.  3    |             effective in a tax-funded system due to limited income equalization
383   IV,    11.  6.  3    |               will make the financing system more progressive, since
384   IV,    11.  6.  3    |     healthcare payments. Thus, a fair system of financing would be one
385   IV,    11.  6.  3    |            with the fairest financing system appears to be Slovakia,
386   IV,    11.  6.  4    |          level of cost sharing in the system; where services are not
387   IV,    11.  6.  4    |             from a general tax funded system towards social health insurance
388   IV,    11.  6.  4    |           other aspects of the health system (e.g., health care budgets,
389   IV,    11.  6.  4    |         interventions into the health system. HTA provides a range of
390   IV,    11.  6.  4    |        enhanced sustainability of the system in the future.~ ~THE EUPHORIC
391   IV,    11.  6.  4    |            for the establishment of a system for benchmarking health
392   IV,    11.  6.  5    |         Health Organization on Health System Performance." Health Affairs
393   IV,    11.  6.  5    |           Measuring quality: from the system to the provider." International
394   IV,    11.  6.  5    |             fee-for-service and mixed system of payment: effects on behaviour
395   IV,    11.  6.  5    |             to the German Health Care System. Bremen:, Centre for Social
396   IV,    11.  6.  5    |              Is the Dutch health care system going private? LSE Formal
397   IV,    11.  6.  5    |               Building a Safer Health System. Committee on Quality of
398   IV,    11.  6.  5    |              the new health insurance system from 2006. The Hague, Ministry
399   IV,    11.  6.  5    |               2002): Measuring health system performance: problems and
400   IV,    11.  6.  5    |        Measuring up: improving health system performance in OECD countries.
401   IV,    11.  6.  5    |        Measuring Up: Improving health system performance in OECD countries.
402   IV,    12.  1        |             2001/19/EC~on the general system~for recognition of~profession
403   IV,    12.  2        |              levels within the health system. Cancer control plans (NCPs)
404   IV,    12.  5        |         sustainable health monitoring system with mechanisms for collection
405   IV,    12.  5        |           statistical element of this system.~ ~3.2. Develop mechanisms
406   IV,    12.  5        |          telematic implication of the system is the European Public Health
407   IV,    12.  5        |          Annex 12.1).~ ~ ~Annex 12.1. System of European Community Health
408   IV,    12.  5        |            their determination. Via a system of consultative groups,
409   IV,    12.  5        |            Public Health Programme, a System of European Community Health
410   IV,    12.  5        |             of a rational and EU-wide system of indicators, the production
411   IV,    12.  5        |           national health information system.~ ~The added value of a
412   IV,    12.  5        |              value of a comprehensive system of data gathering, interpretation
413   IV,    12.  5        |             information and knowledge system in the following way: “There
414   IV,    12.  5        |            the European Health Survey System under the responsibility
415   IV,    12.  5        |             information and knowledge system has been the official launch
416   IV,    12.  5        |             information and knowledge system including their operational
417   IV,    12.  7        |        European Observatory on Health System and Policies in Brussels
418   IV,    12.  7        |              officers and the “health system impact assessment cube”;
419   IV,    12.  7        |              on their national health system during the development of
420   IV,    12. 10        |               German social insurance system (Statutory Sickness Funds,
421   IV,    12. 10        |           relevance for German health system and prevention that came
422   IV,    12. 10        |             statuory health insurance system have the oppurtunity to
423   IV,    12. 10        |              monitoring and reporting system established at the Robert
424   IV,    12. 10        |          common dataset, based on the system of European Community Health
425   IV,    12. 10        |        Quality and Fairness: A Health System for You was launched in
426   IV,    12. 10        |             objectives for the health system up to 2010 which are based
427   IV,    12. 10        |             provide a single standard system for admission to, and payment
428   IV,    12. 10        |       European outbreak early warning system that will become a key tool
429   IV,    12. 10        |             water~ High~A progressive system of pricing water consumption
430   IV,    12. 10        |      Alternative packaging Management System (CAMS - RECYCLING), which
431   IV,    12. 10        |         organise either an Individual System or to join a Collective
432   IV,    12. 10        |               or to join a Collective System of Management of WEEE that
433   IV,    12. 10        |               and licensed collective system (resolution number 105136/
434   IV,    12. 10        |            the Environment Management System ISO 14000 / ISO 14001. ~ ~
435   IV,    12. 10        |        coherent official food control system after primary production,
436   IV,    12. 10        |         management of the Rapid Alert System of Food (RASFF) and for
437   IV,    12. 10        |      pecuniary offences and the point system penalties for the violation
438   IV,    12. 10        |   institutions of the National Health System.~ ~ ~Gender issues~ high~
439   IV,    12. 10        |           Development of surveillance system of swimming-pools and recreational
440   IV,    12. 10        |           Development of surveillance system of drinking water.~ ~Soil
441   IV,    12. 10        |             Law 95/04/2006 for health system reform~Law 264/06/2004 for
442   IV,    12. 10        |           major change to the current system. The state subsidies will
443   IV,    12. 10        |            elderly care, the judicial system and the environment, all
444   IV,    12. 10        |             to use the road transport system~ ~Domain of objective 2~ ~
445   IV,    13.  5        |                A deteriorating health system combined with the hardships
446   IV,    13.  6.  2    |           there is a separate special system of primary care paediatricians,
447   IV,    13.  6.  2    |           other countries, there is a system of generic family general
448   IV,    13.  6.  3    |              State has its own health system and system of eligibility.
449   IV,    13.  6.  3    |             its own health system and system of eligibility. In many
450   IV,    13.  6.  3    |               core test of any health system is equity of access for
451   IV,    13.  7.  3    |     determinants of health, or health system improvement. And in second
452   IV,    13.  7.  5    |           suitable health Information system at European level as described