Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  7       |                   count on an energy cycle based on a mix of photovoltaic
  2    I,     2. 10.  1   |                sub-entities of populations based on their genomic risk profile.
  3    I,     2. 10.  1   |                 the surveillance is purely based on phenotypic effects.~The
  4    I,     2. 10.  1   |           individual prevention programmes based on the individual genomic
  5    I,     2. 10.  2   |              nanotechnology products or be based on nanotechnology5.~ ~ ~
  6    I,     2. 10.  3   |                  card should replace paper based forms needed for health
  7    I,     2. 10.  4   |                over the next years. The US based Centre for Medicines in
  8    I,     3.Acr       |               Acronyms~ ~EUROPOP 2004 2004-based European Population Projections,
  9    I,     3.  2       |               coming decades (Figure 3.2). Based on the EUROPOP 2004 baseline
 10   II,     4.Acr       |                   System~EUROPOP 2004~2004-based European Population Projections,
 11   II,     4.  1       |                   et al, 2006). The HLY is based on the disability measure:
 12   II,     4.  2       |          expectancy changes by age groups. Based on the (unweighted) average
 13   II,     5.  2.  2   |                  Project (htt /, 2007) was based on clinical findings (symptoms,
 14   II,     5.  2.  3   |                    The existing population based registers in Europe adopt
 15   II,     5.  2.  5   |               artificial. Risk assessment, based on age, sex, smoking habit,
 16   II,     5.  3.  2   |                  for cancer is not usually based on notifications by single
 17   II,     5.  3.  6   |                   of various countries are based mostly only on regional (
 18   II,     5.  4.  1   |                    according to the WHO is based on symptoms including polyuria,
 19   II,     5.  4.  2   |                Interview Surveys (HIS) are based on self reported information
 20   II,     5.  4.  2   |                    countries, primary care based sentinel practice surveillance
 21   II,     5.  4.  2   |                  in most countries, mostly based on Diagnosis Related Groups (
 22   II,     5.  4.  2   |                  diagnoses and procedures (based upon the standardized ICD
 23   II,     5.  4.  3   |                    elevated cholesterol is based on total and HDL cholesterol.
 24   II,     5.  4.  4   |                   EUCID. However, data are based upon BMI; on the other hand,
 25   II,     5.  4.  6   |              secondary prevention measures based on national evidence-based
 26   II,     5.  4.  7   |               regional diabetes registers, based upon fully documented methods
 27   II,     5.  4.  7   |                   a EU Report that will be based on the BIRO template and
 28   II,     5.  4.  8   |                 Pieber, T. (2001) Internet based client server application
 29   II,     5.  5.Int   |            Communication Technology (ICT) -based tools for use in prevention,
 30   II,     5.  5.  1   |                   problems or on morbidity based on hospital discharge rates
 31   II,     5.  5.  1   |                  to the European shortlist based on ICD-10, including suicide
 32   II,     5.  5.  1   |            disorders~ ~The ESEMeD study is based on a sample of 21,425 non-institutionalized
 33   II,     5.  5.  1   |                  of the Commission will be based on both these themes and
 34   II,     5.  5.  2   |                   and our own calculations based on these studies and population
 35   II,     5.  5.  2   |               presented here are therefore based on possible and probable
 36   II,     5.  5.  2   |           estimates of future developments based on their prevalence rates
 37   II,     5.  5.  2   |                2040. These predictions are based on the presumption that
 38   II,     5.  5.  2   |                  risk factors for dementia based on meta-analyses and is
 39   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    per 1000, respectively. Based on combined estimates there
 40   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 care according to evidence based knowledge (Lehman et al,
 41   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    to calculated estimates based on the lifetime prevalence
 42   II,     5.  5.  3   |                recently studied, community based mental health services were
 43   II,     5.  5.  3   |                epidemiological studies are based on a consistent morbidity
 44   II,     5.  5.  3   |                studies incidence rates are based on data of first admission
 45   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 Although most WHO-data are based on diagnosis according to
 46   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 ICD-10 diagnoses F20 – F29 based on different diagnostic
 47   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 care systems.~ ~Statistics based only on hospital morbidity
 48   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    trend towards community based care, the lack of respective
 49   II,     5.  5.  3   |            pharmaceuticals are principally based on defined daily doses or
 50   II,     5.  5.  3   |           comparative standard is emerging based on DDD per 1000 inhabitants
 51   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 data are usually estimates based on first treatment/admission
 52   II,     5.  5.  3   |               published systematic review. Based on population-based studies
 53   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  in the years 19941998 (based on cohorts of the North
 54   II,     5.  5.  3   |          statistical suicide data - if not based on psychiatric registries -
 55   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   underestimated.~Evidence based treatment of schizophrenia
 56   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   prevention of psychosis. Based on the limited available
 57   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    schizophrenia should be based on three therapeutic columns –
 58   II,     5.  5.  3   |       Intercontinental Marketing Services) based on the 1st quarter of 2004,
 59   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  be a synopsis of evidence based knowledge about schizophrenia
 60   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 implementation of evidence based guidelines~· to promote
 61   II,     5.  5.  3   |              providing area-wide community based care and other resources
 62   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 flaws in the study design.~Based on these findings, one expects
 63   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    74-0.86), respectively.~Based on a meta-analysis of studies
 64   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  are discriminatory unless based on an individual assessment (
 65   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   and older age groups are based on small samples of patients.
 66   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   an unselected population based cohort with newly diagnosed
 67   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  classification was chosen based on what has been published
 68   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   and severe (7.0 to 9.5).~Based on the clinical course,
 69   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  73 between 1973 and 1993.~Based on a registry system established
 70   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  up to 79 in Fejer County.~Based on a nationwide survey,
 71   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  cautiously in time series based on ICD (International Classification
 72   II,     5.  5.  3   |                case ascertainment coverage based on geographic and time setting,
 73   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 conducted over time, often based on nation-wide surveys and
 74   II,     5.  5.  3   |          computation of DALYs is therefore based upon epidemiological data,
 75   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    EU25 and EFTA countries based on a model, using economic
 76   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 symptoms in space and time based on historical, clinical
 77   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 PP-MS (Ebers, 1998) and is based on prevalent cases. It is
 78   II,     5.  5.  3   |                progression of the disease. Based on available evidence, early,
 79   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 within the European Union) based upon a petition submitted
 80   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  Therapies Consensus Paper based on the German MS Society’
 81   II,     5.  5.  3   |             published consensus guidelines based on the available evidence
 82   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 2006).~This position paper based on recent studies underlines
 83   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   rates in Denmark 194864 based on the Danish Multiple Sclerosis
 84   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   6. Future developments~ ~Based on the increase of the elderly
 85   II,     5.  5.  3   |                    the elderly will not be based on the traditional support
 86   II,     5.  5.  3   |                   s disease. An estimation based on a 3-month prospective
 87   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  Burn D (2005): Population based mortality and quality of
 88   II,     5.  6.  3   |                     Case definition can be based on pathological changes
 89   II,     5.  6.  3   |                   was 2.3% compared to 17% based on radiologically defined
 90   II,     5.  6.  3   |                  of view of public health, based on their prevalence and
 91   II,     5.  6.  4   |                population can be estimated based upon register data on disability
 92   II,     5.  6.  5   |             conditions.~The strategies are based on a review of the evidence
 93   II,     5.  6.  6   |                  evidence from a community based series of better outcome
 94   II,     5.  7.  1   |                1999). CKD is now described based on internationally accepted
 95   II,     5.  7.  1   |                 Current CKD Classification Based on Severity and Therapy~ ~ ~
 96   II,     5.  7.  2   |                      The present review is based on a compilation of studies
 97   II,     5.  7.  3   |               incidence of ESRD are mainly based on NHANES surveys and on
 98   II,     5.  7.  3   |                   of the Italian data were based on information derived from
 99   II,     5.  7.  3   |                   from other countries are based on population samples representative
100   II,     5.  7.  3   |                   Italy than in population based studies in Belgium, Netherlands,
101   II,     5.  7.  3   |                   Italy than in population based studies in Belgium, Netherlands,
102   II,     5.  7.  5   |                   quality measures will be based on patient outcomes, referral
103   II,     5.  7.  5   |                centres about their quality based on these parameters in relation
104   II,     5.  7.  5   |                data transfer from hospital based clinical renal IT systems.
105   II,     5.  7.  7   |                  The validity of screening based on spot morning urine samples
106   II,     5.  8.  3   |                   ones (0.2 to 2.5%) being based on WHO expert opinions (
107   II,     5.  8.  3   |                  in proportion to severity based on FEV1. The total medical
108   II,     5.  9.  3   |                    since the end of 1990s, based on the national database
109   II,     5.  9.  4   |                   Climate) (Wü h, 2001) is based on a sample of 4470 children
110   II,     5.  9.  4   |               responded to a questionnaire based on the ECRHS, underwent
111   II,     5.  9.  4   |                chemical constituents of PM based on the overall response
112   II,     5.  9.  5   |               physician management company based in Nashville, Tennessee,
113   II,     5. 10.  5   |          maltodextrins (1); glucose syrups based on barley; cereals used
114   II,     5. 10.  5   |               could be updated at any time based on new scientific evidence.~ ~
115   II,     5. 11.  2   |                sources~ ~ ~This chapter is based on data and information
116   II,     5. 11.  5   |                    diseases, and injuries. Based on evidence on the whole
117   II,     5. 11.  6   |                   be observational studies based on data already collected
118   II,     5. 12.  2   |                  the resident populations, based on official censuses, were
119   II,     5. 12.  2   |                    using the direct method based on the world standard population (
120   II,     5. 12.  5   |                  chronic liver diseases is based on the control of HBV vaccination (
121   II,     5. 14.  2   |                   Oral health surveys were based on nationally representative
122   II,     5. 14.  2   |                    the adult population is based on integrated chronic questionnaire
123   II,     5. 14.  2   |                 data from national studies based on a representative sample
124   II,     5. 14.  2   |                       The WHO data bank is based on specific methods that
125   II,     5. 14.  7   |        expectations. A surveillance system based on a sociodental approach
126   II,     5. 15.  2   |                    of what is a disease is based on the phenotypic uniqueness,
127   II,     5. 15.  5   |               strategy. The European model based on equity and solidarity
128   II,     6.  1       |                  epidemiological analysis, based on available data and indicators
129   II,     6.  2       |                  presented here are mainly based on official data for the
130   II,     6.  3.  1   |                 has estimated annual costs based on both the direct health
131   II,     7.  1       |            Prevention and Safety Promotion based on the conclusions of a
132   II,     7.  1       |             without proper risk assessment based on data. However, in many
133   II,     7.  2       |               mortality and morbidity data based on the International Classification
134   II,     7.  2.  2   |                  available at EuroStat are based on administrative data sources
135   II,     7.  2.  6   |                  the EU Injury Database is based on Accident and Emergency
136   II,     7.  2.  6   |                   Coding Manual” is mostly based on the ICECI.~ ~In 2008
137   II,     7.  3       |                 represent a yearly average based on the injury data of the
138   II,     7.  3.  0(1)|                               A fact sheet based on the mentioned report
139   II,     7.  3.  1   |             figures given in Table 7.1 are based on a data model that combines
140   II,     7.  3.  2   |                   rates. Nevertheless, ICD based mortality data is the most
141   II,     7.  3.  2   |                injuries throughout the EU. Based on the 2003-2005 figures
142   II,     7.  3.  4   |             location.~ ~Transport sector~ ~Based on the WHO definition, a
143   II,     7.  4       |              comparable indicators (mostly based on assessment by EuroStat).
144   II,     7.  4.  6   |              suicide prevention programmes based on behavioural change and
145   II,     7.  4.  6   |              suicide prevention programmes based on skill training and social
146   II,     7.  5       |                 other political sectors.~ ~Based on general reports about
147   II,     7.  5       |         methodology for injury information based on data available in many
148   II,     8.  1.  2   |                 Labour Force Survey (LFS), based on a special ad hoc module,
149   II,     8.  1.  5   |                  people with disabilities. Based on the citizensconcept
150   II,     8.  2.  1   |                  of N=1,000, to population based census surveys reporting
151   II,     8.  2.  1   |                  source of comparable data based on population estimates
152   II,     8.  2.  1   |               residents in Leicestershire, based on 1991 data of the Leicestershire
153   II,     8.  2.  1   |                 SPID) in Finland was 0.13% based on the register of the Pääjärvi
154   II,     8.  2.  1   |                    use in censuses, sample based national surveys, or other
155   II,     8.  2.  2   |                 revision (ICD-10), H54, is based on “best-correctedvision,
156   II,     8.  2.  2   |                    A review and selection, based on predefined criteria,
157   II,     8.  2.  2   |                region are aged 50 or more. Based on the results of the available
158   II,     8.  2.  2   |                    A review and selection, based on predefined criteria,
159   II,     8.  2.  2   |                region are aged 50 or more. Based on the results of the available
160   II,     9.  1.  1   |                mortality between countries based on their year of accession
161   II,     9.  1.  1(1)|                    The data from Cyprus is based on one year data (2005)
162   II,     9.  1.  1   |                  payment mode: an analysis based on birth certificates. Am
163   II,     9.  1.  1   |                   retrospective population based study. Bmj 1999;319(7217):
164   II,     9.  1.  1   |                risk in Denmark: population based study. Bmj 2006;332(7547):
165   II,     9.  1.  2   |              Defects in Europe: Population Based Study", British Medical
166   II,     9.  1.  2   |                    Arteries - A Population Based Study", Congenital Heart
167   II,     9.  1.  2   |                      A European Population Based Study of Epidemiology, Prenatal
168   II,     9.  2.  2   |              Innocenti Research Centre, is based in Europe, and it undertakes
169   II,     9.  2.  2   |                   information is too often based solely on marriage and divorce
170   II,     9.  2.  3   |           difficult to establish.~ ~School based suicide prevention programmes
171   II,     9.  2.  5   |                produce a national strategy based on sound evidence-based
172   II,     9.  2.  6   |             children of a measurement tool based on the ability to perform
173   II,     9.  3.  1   |                       This section is also based on the International Position
174   II,     9.  3.  2   |                    quality of an indicator based on a set of conditions and
175   II,     9.  3.  2   |                    and the use of evidence based medicine for determining
176   II,     9.  3.  2   |                  payment mode: an analysis based on birth certificates. Am
177   II,     9.  3.  2   |                   retrospective population based study. Bmj 1999;319(7217):
178   II,     9.  3.  2   |                risk in Denmark: population based study. Bmj 2006;332(7547):
179   II,     9.  3.  3   |                  2003). The study data are based on national surveys on sexual
180   II,     9.  3.  3   |             Germany (results from 1980 are based on data from West Germany
181   II,     9.  3.  3   |                   2006).~ ~All survey data based on self reports are susceptible
182   II,     9.  3.  3   |             western European countries are based on the principle that sexual
183   II,     9.  4.  5   |                   elderly. This report was based on a Commission Communication
184   II,     9.  4.  5   |               health systems in the EU are based on the principles of solidarity,
185   II,     9.  5.  2   |                   reporting done by WHO is based on quantitative information.
186   II,     9.  5.  6   |                mental health – an evidence based review. Geneva. Available
187  III,    10.  2.  1   |                current EU-wide efforts are based on four mutually reinforcing
188  III,    10.  2.  1   |                      legislative measures, based on the Community Treaties
189  III,    10.  2.  1   |              modest success and are either based on medicinal nicotine (NRT)
190  III,    10.  2.  1   |                    Control Scale (TCS) and based on the six policies described
191  III,    10.  2.  1   |            statement in favour of evidence based regulation for public health.
192  III,    10.  2.  1   |              reviews have evaluated school based education which aimed at
193  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   and found that classroom based education is not an effective
194  III,    10.  2.  1   |         intoxicated customers.~ ~Community based prevention programmes can
195  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   mortality. The community based Malmö study, undertaken
196  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   Comparison of Population Based Studies. British Medical
197  III,    10.  2.  1   |               among the general population based on general population surveys
198  III,    10.  2.  1   |                    made by EMCDDA in 2004, based on limited data, suggested
199  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   of such population group based on sophisticated statistical
200  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 summary of the time trends based on AIDS cases (Figure 10.
201  III,    10.  2.  1   |           subnational prevalence estimates based on IDU samples.~The available
202  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 care as well as population based initiatives (Petersen et
203  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   obtainable from children based surveys and from a non institutionalized
204  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 Proportion of schools with based oral health promotion programmes
205  III,    10.  2.  1   |               communities. Fluoride school based programmes are effective
206  III,    10.  2.  1   |                including physical activity based on IPAQ (WHO, 2007a). Data
207  III,    10.  2.  1   |             inactivity (PIA) (WHO, 2006c): Based on the Surveillance of Risk
208  III,    10.  2.  1   |                  White Paper was developed based on consultation of an earlier
209  III,    10.  2.  1   |                  2008. This action plan is based on the results of the Green
210  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   United Kingdom (UK) were based on data representing separately
211  III,    10.  2.  1   |                presents the objective data based on measured weight and height;
212  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 review uses the definition based on the percentile values
213  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 pan-European food databank based on national HBS by the development
214  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   Prevalence in Children~ ~Based on measured weight and height,
215  III,    10.  2.  1   |      Rolland-Cachera et al, 2002). Surveys based on self-reported weight
216  III,    10.  2.  1   |                    representative BMI data based on measured height and weight
217  III,    10.  2.  1   |                    have collected BMI data based on measured height and weight
218  III,    10.  2.  1   |                      Szponar et al, 2003). Based on self-reported data, the
219  III,    10.  2.  1   |          percentage points per year (pp/y) based on measured data, respectively.
220  III,    10.  2.  1   |               measured data, respectively. Based on self-reported data, the
221  III,    10.  2.  1   |          consumption and nutrient intake~ ~Based on EUROSTAT SBA, the gross
222  III,    10.  2.  1   |                    found for interventions based on the school fruit scheme
223  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 scheme as soon as possible based on an impact assessment
224  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 Limited new EU involvement based on existing premier work~
225  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 that dietary guidelines be based on - as well as aim at improving -
226  III,    10.  2.  1   |                   problems, rather than be based on nutrient requirements
227  III,    10.  2.  1   |              approaches are scientifically based and follow similar routes
228  III,    10.  2.  1   |              foodstuffs. This Directive is based upon the principle of functional
229  III,    10.  2.  1   |                cholesterol”) on foodstuffs based on nutrient profiles.~ ~
230  III,    10.  2.  1   |                authorities to develop food based dietary guidelines and related
231  III,    10.  2.  1   |                 weight and body mass index based on questionnaire data. International
232  III,    10.  2.  4   |            approaches of health indicators based on genotyping as well as
233  III,    10.  2.  4   |                sub-entities of populations based on their genomic risk profile (
234  III,    10.  2.  4   |                 the surveillance is purely based on phenotypic effects. Furthermore,
235  III,    10.  2.  4   |              susceptibilities”), which are based on genotype and haplotype
236  III,    10.  2.  4   |                   screening to a screening based on individual genomic profiling;~·
237  III,    10.  2.  4   |           genome-based health informationbased on a “personal genome”.~ ~
238  III,    10.  2.  4   |                identify high risk families based on “disease syndromes” and
239  III,    10.  2.  4   |                  identify individual risks based on individual genomic profiling
240  III,    10.  2.  4   |                   as on “disease clustersbased on pleiotropic effects and
241  III,    10.  2.  4   |            approaches of health indicators based on genotyping as well as
242  III,    10.  2.  5   |                   an epidemiological study based on men from Sweden and Finland
243  III,    10.  2.  5   |          classification of old people only based on age (i.e. young old between
244  III,    10.  3.  1   |                   on physical stressors is based on the EEA / Joint Research
245  III,    10.  3.  1   |                   people exposed to noise. Based on this information it will
246  III,    10.  3.  1   |                   The opinion is primarily based on scientific articles,
247  III,    10.  3.  1   |                  the IF range is currently based on known hazards at lower
248  III,    10.  3.  1   |              carcinogenic) in 2001, mainly based on the occurrence of childhood
249  III,    10.  3.  1   |                 burden in the Netherlands (based on Knol et al., 2005). The
250  III,    10.  3.  1   |      responsiveness to public concern than based on a strict scientific and
251  III,    10.  3.  2   |                  This chapter is primarily based on extracts from the European
252  III,    10.  3.  2   |                      These assessments are based on a wide array of European
253  III,    10.  3.  2   |          information in Table 10.3.2.3. is based on observations from wild
254  III,    10.  3.  2   |                   an epidemiological study based on men from Sweden and Finland
255  III,    10.  3.  2   |               information on human POPs is based on three rounds of breast
256  III,    10.  3.  2   |               nitrate and ammonium nitrate based fertilisers – the case of
257  III,    10.  4.  1   |                Sources~ ~ ~This chapter is based on the European Environment
258  III,    10.  4.  1   |                  health information system based on indicators, proposed
259  III,    10.  4.  1   |                 this review is only partly based on these indicators and
260  III,    10.  4.  1   |                   the exposure of children based on the assumption of similarity
261  III,    10.  4.  1   |                  in the CAFE Programme was based on:~ ~· Development of methods ~-
262  III,    10.  4.  2   |            management actions are not just based on a scientific assessment
263  III,    10.  4.  2   |                  actions to protect health based on the precautionary principle,
264  III,    10.  4.  2   |           objective and transparent manner based on the best available science.
265  III,    10.  4.  2   |                    best available science. Based on these principles and
266  III,    10.  4.  2   |                  programmes for foodstuffs based on Council Directive 89/
267  III,    10.  4.  2   |                 health information System, based on the commitment of Member
268  III,    10.  4.  2   |                    control of certain TADs based on regional priorities.
269  III,    10.  4.  2   |              confidence.~ ~These measures, based on sound scientific opinions,
270  III,    10.  4.  2   |                     For example, in plant-~based oils; also as~products of
271  III,    10.  4.  2   |                    risk analysis procedure based on sound scientific evaluation
272  III,    10.  4.  2   |           legislation on food additives is based on the principle that only
273  III,    10.  4.  2   |             legislation on contaminants is based on scientific advice and
274  III,    10.  4.  2   |            acrylamide grout and acrylamide based grouting agents occurred
275  III,    10.  4.  2   |                   in trouts: 0.02µg/g fish based on a TDI (Tolerable daily
276  III,    10.  4.  2   |                    raisins and other plant~based products, milk~and meat
277  III,    10.  4.  2   |                 the “subsidiaryprinciple based on the reciprocal acknowledgement
278  III,    10.  4.  2   |               origin such as meat and meat based products, milk and dairy
279  III,    10.  4.  2   |                approaches, which should be based on their usefulness for
280  III,    10.  4.  2   |                  not necessarily RMS); and based on the Evaluation Report (
281  III,    10.  4.  2   |                 specific active substances based on questions from the European
282  III,    10.  4.  2   |             evidence of benefit to humans (based on human data, primarily
283  III,    10.  4.  2   |                 with the entire food chain based on the most current, independent
284  III,    10.  4.  2   |                 FVO), a Commission service based in Ireland, performs its
285  III,    10.  4.  2   |                   chain is almost entirely based on the GFL, comprising a
286  III,    10.  4.  2   |                   with a control frequency based on risk in order to achieve
287  III,    10.  4.  3   |                   sources~ ~This review is based on the first outcomes of
288  III,    10.  4.  3   |             between European countries are based on the principles and provisions
289  III,    10.  4.  3   |                   and that it meets health based standards and other regulatory
290  III,    10.  4.  3   |             regulatory requirements. It is based on a comprehensive risk
291  III,    10.  4.  5   |                Data sources~This review is based on the WHO Guidelines for
292  III,    10.  4.  5   |                   This review is primarily based on the European Environmental
293  III,    10.  4.  5   |              analysis~ ~Waste production~ ~Based on the data available and
294  III,    10.  4.  5   |                 figure has been calculated based on information from Bulgaria
295  III,    10.  4.  5   |                    7). These estimates are based on the frequency with which
296  III,    10.  4.  5   |                    incineration plants are based on emission-abating technology
297  III,    10.  4.  5   |                    are progressing slowly. Based on information from national
298  III,    10.  4.  5   |                sites, priorities should be based on hazard detection, estimation
299  III,    10.  5.  1   |                  of up to 15 minutes (data based on 66 cities with data on
300  III,    10.  5.  1   |                  Healthy Cities Network is based on the scientific awareness
301  III,    10.  5.  1   |                  Urban health indicators~ ~Based on the awareness that the
302  III,    10.  5.  1   |          information and knowledge system. Based on previous works such as
303  III,    10.  5.  2   |               considered as urban or rural based on the profile of the respective
304  III,    10.  5.  2   |              presented in this chapter are based on sources which will be
305  III,    10.  5.  2   |              health demands in rural areas based on increased prevalence
306  III,    10.  5.  2   |                carried out in New Zealand (based on 232 studies / papers
307  III,    10.  5.  2   |                services in rural settings. Based on the reviewed evidence,
308  III,    10.  5.  2   |                 morbidity and/or mortality based on the less accessible and
309  III,    10.  5.  3   |                    at work. These data are based on the declaration of the
310  III,    10.  5.  3   |                   Member States: Insurance based systems where care benefits
311  III,    10.  5.  3   |               Diseases. The statistics are based on case-by-case data for
312  III,    10.  5.  3   |                  practice in WHP, which is based on the Luxembourg Declaration
313  III,    10.  5.  3   |                    safety policy is mainly based on the 10 year strategy
314  III,    10.  6.  2   |                    public health policy is based on eleven objectives containing
315  III,    10.  6.  2   |            development of a social network based on shared work experience.~·
316  III,    10.  6.  2   |               Consortium to apply evidence based approaches across policy
317   IV,    11.  1.  1   |              suitable to their own context based on well-informed comparative
318   IV,    11.  1.  1   |                    population and to do so based on an appropriate mix of
319   IV,    11.  1.  2(1)|                  first joint questionnaire based on the OECD System of Health
320   IV,    11.  1.  3   |                system performance that are based, at least in part, on broad
321   IV,    11.  1.  3   |            approach to measure performance based on aggregate data is that
322   IV,    11.  1.  3   |                  to the population’s needs based on seven dimensions: autonomy,
323   IV,    11.  1.  3   |                 among policy makers, those based on a single measure may
324   IV,    11.  1.  3   |               uninformative, whereas those based on disaggregated indicators
325   IV,    11.  1.  3   |                    performance measurement based on the objectives of the
326   IV,    11.  1.  4   |                  to health care, or access based on need and not willingness
327   IV,    11.  1.  4   |                    Doorslaer et al, 2004). Based on the European Community
328   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                Smith, 2004). Registers are based on clinical specialties -
329   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                    diseases and conditions based on the best available evidence.
330   IV,    11.  1.  5   |              medicine information services based in hospitals have been developed
331   IV,    11.  1.  5   |              guidelines, although they are based on results of treatment
332   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                programmes should be judged based on some notion of value
333   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                   to glean any conclusions based on this survey data because
334   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                   example through evidence based practice (EBP) (see also “
335   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                across countries tend to be based on public rather than patient
336   IV,    11.  1.  6   |               overtime pay and holiday pay based on the amount of time worked.
337   IV,    11.  1.  6   |               Capitation plus fixed amount based on practice size and location.
338   IV,    11.  1.  6   | pay-for-performanceprogrammes. These are based on the assumption that the
339   IV,    11.  1.  6   |                    hospital payment system based on global budgets, though
340   IV,    11.  1.  6   |                   form of case-mix system, based on an adaptation of the
341   IV,    11.  2       |               public health programmes are based on evidence, monitored and
342   IV,    11.  2.  2   |                community action programmes based on the burden of the disease,
343   IV,    11.  3.  2   |                   pricing. Price fixing is based on what is determined to
344   IV,    11.  3.  2   |          reasonableprice for the product based on balancing affordability
345   IV,    11.  3.  2   |                prices of drugs across EU25 based on price data from 181 pharmaceutical
346   IV,    11.  4       |      rehabilitation in strokePopulation based screening programmes to
347   IV,    11.  5.  1   |            transplant organizations (NTOs) based on the principle of local
348   IV,    11.  5.  1   |                 areas: countries with NTOs based on the principle of local
349   IV,    11.  5.  4   |                   donation and procurement based on common quality and safety
350   IV,    11.  5.  4   |              Although a definition of risk based upon the donor’s profile
351   IV,    11.  6.  2   |              strategic resource allocation based on risk-adjusted capitation
352   IV,    11.  6.  2   |                   a social insurance model based on wage to a more tax-financed
353   IV,    11.  6.  2   |                    more tax-financed model based on total income, making
354   IV,    11.  6.  2   |                 unchanged) and eligibility based on citizenship. Former sickness
355   IV,    11.  6.  3   |                 financing. This formula is based on the goal that healthcare
356   IV,    11.  6.  3   |               methodologies (the former is based on household income data,
357   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                   the amount is determined based on the number of individuals
358   IV,    11.  6.  4   |          precedents.~ ~Resource allocation based on risk adjusted capitation
359   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        resource-poor regions in England is based on the risk adjustment formula
360   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                allocations are established based on crude weightings of age
361   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                 sickness funds (employment based)~No capitation. Allocation
362   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                  No capitation. Allocation based on historical precedent
363   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                capitation. Services funded based on DRGs~Italy~Ministry of
364   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                  sex, mortality (one third based on historical spend)~Latvia~
365   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                 sickness funds (employment based)~No capitation. Full risk
366   IV,    11.  6.  4   |              health boards (geographically based)~Mortality, elderly living
367   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                governments (geographically based)~Mortality, elderly living
368   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                  tax base) (50% of funding based on DRGs)~Poland~16 regional
369   IV,    11.  6.  4   |              hypertension, TB, AIDS (84.5% based on historical spend)~Romania~
370   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                authorities (geographically based)~Age, living alone, employment
371   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                authorities (geographically based)~Age, sex, mortality (cost
372   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                  contributions to coverage based on residence: Belgium in
373   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                service-type systems is not based on a defined list of benefits.
374   IV,    11.  6.  4   |                   to enforce the decisions based on HTA. The trend however
375   IV,    11.  6.  4   |               indicators for arthroplasty, based on existing national projects,
376   IV,    12.  1       |                diseases and health systems based on European-wide common
377   IV,    12.  2       |                with diabetes. Behaviour is based upon knowledge, attitude
378   IV,    12.  2       |                current EU-wide efforts are based on four mutually reinforcing
379   IV,    12.  2       |                      legislative measures, based on the Community Treaties
380   IV,    12.  2       |              reviews have evaluated school based education which aimed to
381   IV,    12.  2       |                   and found that classroom based education is not an effective
382   IV,    12.  2       |                    customers. ~ ~Community based prevention programmes can
383   IV,    12.  2       |                   mortality. The community based Malmö study, undertaken
384   IV,    12.  4       |                 has about 40 staff members based in Luxembourg.~ECDC~ ~European
385   IV,    12.  4       |                   under REACH~To manage IT based guidance documents, tools
386   IV,    12.  5       |            regarding registries on cancer, based, inter alia, on the data
387   IV,    12.  5       |               status in the European Union based on all data and indicators
388   IV,    12.  5       |               diseases and health systems, based on European-wide common
389   IV,    12.  5       |                Such data sources, normally based on national data gathering
390   IV,    12.  8       |            initiatives can only succeed if based on concrete health activities
391   IV,    12. 10       |          quit-lines (telephone or internet based), written and other materials
392   IV,    12. 10       |                centre for tobacco control, based at German Cancer Research
393   IV,    12. 10       |                   at local/regional level, based on evidence~based best practice. ~ ~
394   IV,    12. 10       |                   level, based on evidence~based best practice. ~ ~Safety
395   IV,    12. 10       |             September 2005. ~The Report is based on a 4-tier model~of service
396   IV,    12. 10       |              aiming to deliver a~community based response to addiction via~
397   IV,    12. 10       |                 direct drug-related deaths~based. These figures do not include
398   IV,    12. 10       |              Public Health common dataset, based on the system of European
399   IV,    12. 10       |                  delivery of some hospital based services to Irish citizens.~
400   IV,    12. 10       |                system up to 2010 which are based on the following national
401   IV,    12. 10       |                   activity and expenditure based around these plans. The
402   IV,    12. 10       |             appropriate home and community based services such as home care
403   IV,    12. 10       |                   the epidemiological risk based on real-time objective data,
404   IV,    12. 10       |                Crete, Greece. The scenario based on epidemiological monitoring
405   IV,    12. 10       |                      Diffusion of evidence based best practices and policies~-
406   IV,    12. 10       |        fields-measures. Eight of these are based on the four pillars of the
407   IV,    12. 10       |                  expanded work on evidence based medicine and medical practice,
408   IV,    12. 10       |                     The medical content is based on three-year work of a
409   IV,    12. 10       |                    of screening programmes based on them. The act issues
410   IV,    12. 10       |                  have a minimum population based of 50 000. For specialized
411   IV,    12. 10       |                   government period. It is based on the law on planning and
412   IV,    12. 10       |                   and health determinants. Based on the work of the Swedish
413   IV,    13.Acr       |                community action programmes based on the burden of the disease,
414   IV,    13.  2.  1   |            calculated for the risk factors based on the fraction of one or
415   IV,    13.  2.  3   |                proper dietary composition (based on all five factors studied)
416   IV,    13.  6.  3   |                    many countries, this is based on insurance provision linked
417   IV,    13.  6.  3   |                  In other countries, it is based on citizenship with particular
418   IV,    13.  7.  5   |                 health information systems based on individual level data
419   IV,    13.  7.  5   |                 the analyses of population based data are a necessity for
420   IV,    13.  8       |                   to improve the situation based on a field experience.~ ~