Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1        |               understand and predict the impact of the different stressors
  2    I,     2.  1    |                 renowned for their major impact on health outcomes, have
  3    I,     2.  1    |                economy, there is also an impact of the health system on
  4    I,     2.  2    |                for tourism, as it has an impact on tourism demand as well
  5    I,     2.  3    |                     2.3. Migration~ ~The impact of migration on overall
  6    I,     2.  3    |                of migrants in the EU may impact on health services demand.
  7    I,     2.  3    |                and language barriers may impact on attitudes to and use
  8    I,     2.  4    |        instrumental in making a decisive impact on the eradication of poverty.
  9    I,     2.  4    |                  monitoring of policiesimpact and effectiveness and, where
 10    I,     2.  5    |            practices have only a limited impact.~ ~Unemployment rates. During
 11    I,     2.  5    |                and the associated health impact.~ ~Active inclusion measures,
 12    I,     2.  5    |                 domestic services.~ ~The impact of migration on overall
 13    I,     2.  5    |           regularly with regard to their impact on future adequacy and financial,
 14    I,     2.  5    |               insight into the long term impact of pension reform on individuals,
 15    I,     2.  5    |        appropriate regulations. The full impact on the adequacy of future
 16    I,     2.  5    |               periods, can have a strong impact on future pension incomes.
 17    I,     2.  5    |              have a positive or negative impact on workplace health and
 18    I,     2.  8    |                  but magnitude of health impact depends on combustion process
 19    I,     2.  8    |                soil or water pollutantsimpact on the environment and therewith
 20    I,     2.  8    |               are likely to have a major impact on prices of manufactured
 21    I,     2.  9    |              detect early and act.~ ~The impact on health of extreme weather
 22    I,     2. 10.  1|                   toxicogenomics) or the impact o food on human health (
 23    I,     2. 10.  3|             Indirect effects include the impact of technological change
 24    I,     2. 11    |                  Mortensen J (2005): The impact of health on economy: theoretical
 25   II,     4.  1    |                across the EU27 but their impact varied tremendously from
 26   II,     4.  2    |                continued to have a large impact on the increase in life
 27   II,     4.  2    |            decline, but had only a small impact on the increase in life
 28   II,     4.  2    |                 neoplasms had a negative impact on life expectancy in the
 29   II,     4.  2    |                 expectancy. The negative impact of smoking related cancers
 30   II,     4.  2    |            related cancer had a negative impact on life expectancy in the
 31   II,     4.  2    |                  table 3), had a smaller impact on the increase in life
 32   II,     4.  2    |                  table 3) had a negative impact on the life expectancy of
 33   II,     4.  2    |             these cancers had a positive impact on life expectancy of women
 34   II,     4.  2    |                1990s they had a negative impact on life expectancy of men
 35   II,     4.  2    |               Smoking has had a negative impact on mortality due to cancer,
 36   II,     4.  2    |                by smoking had a negative impact on life expectancy in the
 37   II,     4.  2    |                  the 1970s, the negative impact of smoking related cancers
 38   II,     4.  2    |           related cancers had a negative impact on life expectancy in 12
 39   II,     4.  2    |             these countries the negative impact in the 1990s was larger
 40   II,     5.  1.  1|    non-communicable diseases with a high impact in terms of mortality and
 41   II,     5.  1.  1|              cadmium compounds, lead can impact on the development of cognitive
 42   II,     5.  1.  1|             weaning is likely to have an impact in the development of food
 43   II,     5.  2.  1|                 benefits and retirement, impact on families and caregivers
 44   II,     5.  2.  1|                lessen its socio-economic impact.~ ~
 45   II,     5.  2.  2|              severity of the disease and impact of the treatments. These
 46   II,     5.  2.  5|               population by reducing the impact of CVD is fully reported
 47   II,     5.  2.  6|                Kannel WB, Levy D (2001). Impact of high-normal blood pressure
 48   II,     5.  3.  2|             burden and the public health impact of cancer: the minimal role
 49   II,     5.  3.  2|                  screening programmes;~- impact indicators: down-staging
 50   II,     5.  3.  2|           population.~ ~· Evaluating the impact of environmental and social
 51   II,     5.  3.  2|                 to take account of their impact on public health. As a consequence,
 52   II,     5.  3.  2|            developed and involved in the impact evaluation of cancer screening
 53   II,     5.  3.  7|                need for costs and budget impact to be addressed up front.
 54   II,     5.  3.  7|                  structure and this will impact accessibility in countries
 55   II,     5.  4.  2|                  Close monitoring of the impact of therapeutic approaches
 56   II,     5.  4.  2|               can evaluate the long term impact of health policies. This
 57   II,     5.  4.  3|             observed and may reflect the impact of the different public
 58   II,     5.  4.  4|               younger generation with an impact on lifestyle behaviours.~
 59   II,     5.  4.  6|                  as well as the possible impact public health intervention
 60   II,     5.  4.  6|               policy, and addressing the impact on public health of the
 61   II,     5.  4.  7|              explored through a “Privacy Impact Assessment” that has involved
 62   II,     5.  5.Int|                and social exclusion. The impact on the EU economy of mental
 63   II,     5.  5.Int|          addressing factors that have an impact on mental health and wellbeing
 64   II,     5.  5.  1|                  of suicides has a major impact on European competitiveness
 65   II,     5.  5.  1|                  life have a significant impact on mental health through
 66   II,     5.  5.  1|                       et al. (2006). The impact of 29 chronic conditions
 67   II,     5.  5.  1|                2005). The prevalence and impact of alcohol problems in major
 68   II,     5.  5.  3|        psychological illness that has an impact on mental and physical health,
 69   II,     5.  5.  3|                  schizophrenia and their impact on the individual and on
 70   II,     5.  5.  3|                  have the most important impact on prognosis. About 50%
 71   II,     5.  5.  3|            taking into account the great impact of co-morbidity on outcome,
 72   II,     5.  5.  3|              episodes have a devastating impact with respect to morbidity,
 73   II,     5.  5.  3|              order to ensure the largest impact of data quality. By following
 74   II,     5.  5.  3|                  or retrospectively. The impact of these known factors on
 75   II,     5.  5.  3|                 the emotional and social impact of the seizures, and on
 76   II,     5.  5.  3|                  Thompson PJ (1995): The impact of epilepsy on behavior
 77   II,     5.  5.  3|                 with considerable social impact and economic consequences
 78   II,     5.  5.  3|              awareness about MS; (d) the impact of different diagnostic
 79   II,     5.  5.  3|         subsequently underestimating the impact on the global disease socio-economic
 80   II,     5.  5.  3|                they can be employed. The impact of the Directive on EU citizens
 81   II,     5.  5.  3|                  Directive has the right impact on the relations towards
 82   II,     5.  5.  3|                  workforce;~o assess the impact of a variety of factors
 83   II,     5.  5.  3|                  depression have a major impact on health-related quality
 84   II,     5.  5.  3|                  WH (1998): The economic impact of Parkinson’s disease.
 85   II,     5.  5.  3|             quality of life and economic impact of Parkinson’s disease.
 86   II,     5.  5.  3|                   2003): Direct economic impact of Parkinson’s disease:
 87   II,     5.  6.  1|          conditions are common and their impact is pervasive (Eurobarometer
 88   II,     5.  6.  1|              prevalent or have a greater impact in older age, in particular
 89   II,     5.  6.  1|                This great and increasing impact of musculoskeletal conditions
 90   II,     5.  6.  3|                 and conditions and their impact are described in the following
 91   II,     5.  6.  3|               care utilization; economic impact and future trends. Estimates
 92   II,     5.  6.  3|              Lindgren, 1996).~ ~Economic impact~ ~Musculoskeletal problems
 93   II,     5.  6.  3|                knees, hips, and hands.~ ~Impact~ ~Osteoarthritis of the
 94   II,     5.  6.  3|               factors 2006) .~ ~Economic impact is a consequence of work
 95   II,     5.  6.  3|                   Ollier et al, 2001).~ ~Impact~ ~RA can be a severely disabling
 96   II,     5.  6.  3|               disabling disease, but its impact is changing due to advances
 97   II,     5.  6.  3|              affect survival.~ ~Economic impact~ ~The direct and indirect
 98   II,     5.  6.  3|               age and contributes to the impact on quality of life and increased
 99   II,     5.  6.  3|                 economic aspects have an impact on work loss attributed
100   II,     5.  6.  3|               requirements of the job.~ ~Impact on individual (morbidity,
101   II,     5.  6.  3|              with chronic back pain, the impact on health and low frequency
102   II,     5.  6.  4|                          5.6.4. Societal impact~ ~Musculoskeletal conditions
103   II,     5.  6.  4|                  conditions have a major impact on society due to their
104   II,     5.  6.  4|                 considering the economic impact of musculoskeletal conditions (
105   II,     5.  6.  4|           product.~ ~Future trends~ ~The impact on the individual and society
106   II,     5.  6.  4|              prevalent or have a greater impact in older age. The ageing
107   II,     5.  6.  5|                 conditions to reduce the impact that the conditions have
108   II,     5.  6.  6|             Badley EM, Tennant A (1993): Impact of disablement due to rheumatic
109   II,     5.  6.  6|      consequences of fractures and their impact on quality of life. Am J
110   II,     5.  6.  6|      Musculoskeletal pain in Europe: its impact and a comparison of population
111   II,     5.  7.  1|                  development.~ ~Economic Impact of CKD~ ~Apart from the
112   II,     5.  7.  5|               ESRD and (2) to reduce the impact of chronic renal failure
113   II,     5.  8.  3|           co-morbid conditions and their impact on patients vary among patients
114   II,     5.  8.  3|            better understanding of their impact on the patient and disease
115   II,     5.  8.  3|              that may have a more severe impact on patients with a given
116   II,     5.  8.  3|            infections have a more severe impact or require different treatment
117   II,     5.  9.Acr|                Allergic Rhinitis and its impact on Asthma~ECRHS~European
118   II,     5.  9. FB|                diseases can have a heavy impact on the quality of life of
119   II,     5.  9.  1|              disease has a deep negative impact on daily life (Baiardini
120   II,     5.  9.  6|            clinical data but also on the impact the disease and its therapy
121   II,     5.  9.  6|                  created to evaluate the impact of asthma from the patients’
122   II,     5.  9.  6|                Allergic Rhinitis and its impact on Asthma), an organization,
123   II,     5.  9.  6|              asthma. ARIA highlights the impact of allergic rhinitis on
124   II,     5.  9.  6|                  of the socio-economical impact of rhinitis and make effective
125   II,     5.  9.  7|              Allergic diseases and their impact on quality of life. Ann
126   II,     5.  9.  7|                Allergic Rhinitis and its impact on Asthma (ARIA). Clin Exp
127   II,     5. 10.  2|                  collected, although the impact of these factors on both
128   II,     5. 10.  7|                 for measuring the social impact of food allergy across Europe:
129   II,     5. 11.  3|                  but their psychological impact, particularly on the developing
130   II,     5. 11.  3|          cutaneous anomalies have a high impact on wellness and the social
131   II,     5. 11.  3|              have a significant negative impact on the quality of life for
132   II,     5. 11.  3|               has a great socio-economic impact. The European Surveillance
133   II,     5. 11.  3|                the limitation had a real impact in reducing allergies?”
134   II,     5. 11.  4|                         5.11.4. Societal impact~ ~Disability due to loss
135   II,     5. 11.  4|               have assessed the economic impact of specific skin diseases
136   II,     5. 11.  5|                  have a more substantial impact on this devastating disease.
137   II,     5. 12.  1|        instrument to obtain a favourable impact on cirrhosis.~In relation
138   II,     5. 12.  3|                 have had some favourable impact on mortality from the disease
139   II,     5. 12.  3|                  al, 2002). However, the impact of these factors on national
140   II,     5. 12.  5|        instrument to obtain a favourable impact on cirrhosis (mortality),
141   II,     5. 12.  6|             liver transplantation.~ ~The impact of the introduction of this
142   II,     5. 12.  6|             least part of the favourable impact of transplantation on chronic
143   II,     5. 14.  2| representativeness somewhat limits their impact. Oral health surveys were
144   II,     5. 14.  2|                 position to estimate the impact and burden of periodontal
145   II,     5. 14.  3|            ethnic minorities.~ ~Economic impact~ ~Because of the economic
146   II,     5. 14.  3|               systems has had a negative impact on utilization of oral health
147   II,     5. 14.  3|                 dental profession has an impact on employment in advanced
148   II,     5. 14.  4|                 Europe has a significant impact on dietary excess leading
149   II,     5. 15.  1|                  Therefore, although the impact of each rare disease is
150   II,     5. 15.  3|              published which discuss the impact of the OD regulation and
151   II,     6.  3.  1|                 indirect costs (i.e. the impact on sectors other than health).
152   II,     6.  3.  1|                 have also shown the huge impact on specific sectors (especially
153   II,     6.  3.  1|                 countries.~ ~The visible impact of these communicable diseases
154   II,     6.  3.  4|                In addition to the direct impact on health services, the
155   II,     6.  3.  5|                yes, how to monitor their impact and adverse effects.~ ~Although
156   II,     6.  3.  7|              diseases and their possible impact, we need to be able to ensure
157   II,     6.  4.  3|                 substantially reduce the impact of a pandemic, Member States
158   II,     7.  4    |              public health relevance and impact of accidents and injuries.
159   II,     7.  4    |               injuries.~• Unequal in its impact on social groups: The risk
160   II,     7.  4    |                order to address the high impact of injuries on health and
161   II,     7.  4    |               priority areas:~ ~· Social impact of injuries in terms of
162   II,     7.  4.  1|           consequences have a tremendous impact on health in this age group:~ ~
163   II,     7.  5    |            decisive role in limiting the impact of injuriesPrevention:
164   II,     8.  2.  1|                disabilities will have an impact on health service systems
165   II,     8.  2.  1|           intellectual disabilities: the impact for general practice. British
166   II,     8.  2.  3|             hearing impairment and their impact in performance are presented
167   II,     9        |            sufficient for monitoring the impact of smoking on perinatal
168   II,     9.  1.  1|               States, 1989 through 2000: impact on perinatal mortality.
169   II,     9.  1.  1|               Comstock CH, et al (2005): Impact of maternal age on obstetric
170   II,     9.  1.  2|               health issue in terms of~· impact on the quality of life of
171   II,     9.  1.  2|            sufficient for monitoring the impact of smoking on perinatal
172   II,     9.  1.  2|                  Vrijheid M (2003): "The Impact of Environmental Pollution
173   II,     9.  1.  2|           Congenital Anomalies". In 'The Impact of Environmental Pollution
174   II,     9.  1.  2|                Regions of Europe and the Impact of Prenatal Diagnosis, 1980-
175   II,     9.  2.  5|               Unfortunately, data on its impact is limited and patchy, suggesting
176   II,     9.  2.  5|                  had any effective local impact.~ ~Health21, the health
177   II,     9.  2.  6|               policies which may have an impact on children’s health. Hence,
178   II,     9.  2.  6|            special needs~Measurement and impact assessment of impairment
179   II,     9.  2.  6|                  compared to adults. The impact of disability on children180   II,     9.  3.  1|                  Commission, 2004b). The impact on the EU economy of mental
181   II,     9.  3.  1|              drug use. The public health impact is now becoming visible
182   II,     9.  3.  1|                Aytac et al. 1999).~ ~The impact of ED on sufferers can be
183   II,     9.  3.  1|                  with various degrees of impact on disability and quality
184   II,     9.  3.  1|             process of gender and health impact assessments of all research,
185   II,     9.  3.  1|               Process project~GIA~Gender Impact Assessment~GP~General Practitioner (
186   II,     9.  3.  1|         Practitioner (Doctor)~HIA~Health impact Assessment~HIV~Human immunodeficiency
187   II,     9.  3.  2|       pregnancies, which in turn have an impact on the rates of pre-term
188   II,     9.  3.  2|            babies which may also have an impact on their health (Van Reempts,
189   II,     9.  3.  2|          discharge. To assess the health impact of these trends towards
190   II,     9.  3.  2|               States, 1989 through 2000: impact on perinatal mortality.
191   II,     9.  3.  2|               Comstock CH, et al (2005): Impact of maternal age on obstetric
192   II,     9.  3.  3|              Laris BA, Rolleri L (2006): Impact of sex and HIVeducation
193   II,     9.  4.  1|                 birth rates, gender, the impact of ageing on one’s quality
194   II,     9.  4.  1|             class, gender and ethnicity, impact the experience of later
195   II,     9.  4.  3|                  addressing factors that impact on mental health and wellbeing
196   II,     9.  4.  6|            health ageing, minimizing the impact of chronic illness, social
197   II,     9.  5.  3|             therefore have a significant impact on the developmental and
198   II,     9.  5.  3|                opportunities may have an impact on patterns of behaviour
199   II,     9.  5.  3|            physical activity habits. The impact of social modelling appears
200   II,     9.  5.  4|                 Parliament Reports which Impact on Gender Issues~ ~· The
201   II,     9.  5.  4|      gender-proofing and Gender Equality Impact Assessment before they are
202   II,     9.  5.  4|                growth.~ ~Gender Equality Impact Assessment~ ~In 2001, a
203   II,     9.  5.  4|                series of Gender Equality Impact Assessment (GIA) studies
204   II,     9.  5.  5|           material notably regarding the impact of men and boyspoor health
205  III,    10.  1    |                 10.1. Introduction~ ~The impact of stressors on health is
206  III,    10.  1    |                 across the lifespan. The impact of environmental determinants
207  III,    10.  1    |                  Centre (2006).~ ~Health impact~Associations with some environmental
208  III,    10.  2.  1|                factors with the greatest impact on total disease burden (
209  III,    10.  2.  1|                 1% of GDP in Europe. The impact of tobacco morbidity and
210  III,    10.  2.  1|               day (ENSP, 2003).~ ~Health impact of smokeless tobacco~ ~There
211  III,    10.  2.  1|                achievements also have an impact outside the EU region by
212  III,    10.  2.  1|                as to the extent of their impact. Prices and taxation policies
213  III,    10.  2.  1|                  attributed the greatest impact, followed by smoking bans
214  III,    10.  2.  1|                as to the extent of their impact. Prices and taxation policies (
215  III,    10.  2.  1|                   1) are attributed most impact, followed by smoking bans
216  III,    10.  2.  1|         Classical risk factors and their impact on incident non-fatal and
217  III,    10.  2.  1|                 well-being through their impact on health and social determinants,
218  III,    10.  2.  1|         favourite beverage category. The impact of an increase in alcohol
219  III,    10.  2.  1|              findings are similar to the impact of advertising on smoking
220  III,    10.  2.  1|                 evaluations that find an impact of these guidelines on alcohol
221  III,    10.  2.  1|                  is the evidence for the impact of mass media campaigns
222  III,    10.  2.  1|               BAC levels. Studies on the impact of adhering to bar policies
223  III,    10.  2.  1|                 originally expected. The impact of responsible beverage
224  III,    10.  2.  1|                al, 2007). The population impact on excessive drinking could
225  III,    10.  2.  1|                  drug problem and of the impact of the interventions at
226  III,    10.  2.  1|                 considering the lifetime impact of lack of care in childhood.
227  III,    10.  2.  1|               measures, but also have an impact on the quality of life~Strategies
228  III,    10.  2.  1|             guarantees exist.~ ~Economic impact of oral hygiene~ ~The oral
229  III,    10.  2.  1|             European Region, 2001/2002~ ~Impact on health and costs of physical
230  III,    10.  2.  1|                  a week. Evidence on the impact of physical activity and
231  III,    10.  2.  1|        Johannsson et al, 2006).~ ~Health impact~ ~Overweight and obesity
232  III,    10.  2.  1|                  et al, 2007b).~ ~Health impact assessment of policies,
233  III,    10.  2.  1|               often not assessed. Health impact assessment can be very useful,
234  III,    10.  2.  1|            useful, since evidence on the impact of policies or programmes
235  III,    10.  2.  1|               can be monitored and their impact be evaluated. And thirdly,
236  III,    10.  2.  1|                  as possible based on an impact assessment of the benefits,
237  III,    10.  2.  1|                 feasibility and possible impact by means of an ad hoc consultation
238  III,    10.  2.  1| physical activity patterns; Evaluate the impact of programmes and policies).~ ~
239  III,    10.  2.  1|              should moreover address the impact of community policies on
240  III,    10.  2.  1|                  Consensus Paper. Health impact assessment: main concepts
241  III,    10.  2.  4|                  toxico-genomics) or the impact of food on human health (
242  III,    10.  2.  4|                 genomic profiling;~· the impact of genetic variants on the
243  III,    10.  2.  4|              metabolism of drugs and the impact of the CYP system, we do
244  III,    10.  2.  4|             information and the societal impact of genome-based knowledge
245  III,    10.  2.  5|       complicating factor when assessing impact of chemical, biological
246  III,    10.  3.  1|                  used for further health impact assessment are available (
247  III,    10.  3.  2|                  confirmed and perceived impact. The WHO estimates that
248  III,    10.  3.  2|         certainty, and the public health impact is often very difficult
249  III,    10.  3.  2|         regulatory control ).~ ~ ~Health impact~Associations with some environmental
250  III,    10.  3.  2|                factor when assessing the impact of chemicals on human health
251  III,    10.  3.  3|             combination with the growing impact of antimicrobial resistance.
252  III,    10.  3.  3|                  gastro-enteric tract.~ ~Impact on health of specific biological
253  III,    10.  3.  4|        significant in terms of its human impact than earthquakes or whether
254  III,    10.  3.  4|                their direct and indirect impact on health and on economic
255  III,    10.  3.  4|                 2006. The most important impact of drought is on agriculture
256  III,    10.  3.  4|                concluded that the health impact was ‘unforeseen’, surveillance
257  III,    10.  4.  1|                 factor with the greatest impact on health in Europe and
258  III,    10.  4.  1|        pollutants in outdoor air have an impact on respiratory health, as
259  III,    10.  4.  1|           estimates of the air pollution impact made within the European
260  III,    10.  4.  1|               aim is to halve the health impact due to PM between 2000 and
261  III,    10.  4.  1|                Atlanta, USA in which the impact of changes in transportation
262  III,    10.  4.  1|                  Directive.~ ~The Health impact Assessment in the CAFE Programme
263  III,    10.  4.  1|          Commission staff working paperImpact assessmentAnnex to the
264  III,    10.  4.  2|            effects and the environmental impact. Regulation EC/178/2002
265  III,    10.  4.  2|                to prevent their possible impact on consumer’s health (Table
266  III,    10.  4.  2|             Although cloning has a major impact on clones health and welfare,
267  III,    10.  4.  3|                  coastal regions have an impact on the quality of coastal
268  III,    10.  4.  3|                  Drinking water~ ~Health impact of poor quality drinking
269  III,    10.  4.  3|                  local level, the health impact can be significant. In general,
270  III,    10.  4.  5|          European Communities~HIA~Health impact assessment~JRC~Joint Research
271  III,    10.  4.  5|                groundwater.~ ~The health impact of soil pollution varies
272  III,    10.  4.  5|          communities. As to the possible impact on health of incinerators,
273  III,    10.  4.  5|               many countries, the global impact of incinerators and other
274  III,    10.  4.  5|               approaches, such as health impact assessment (HIA), which
275  III,    10.  5.  1|                 human settlement and its impact on health is not entirely
276  III,    10.  5.  1|                 in air conditioning. The impact of crowding on sanitation,
277  III,    10.  5.  1|               are directly linked to the impact of human settlements, with
278  III,    10.  5.  1|           comfort, dampness~ ~The health impact of hygro-thermal conditions
279  III,    10.  5.  1|                habitat. While the health impact of hygiene pests such as
280  III,    10.  5.  1|              outside environment that do impact on the internal experience
281  III,    10.  5.  1|                  by showing not only the impact of the income category,
282  III,    10.  5.  1|             category, but especially the impact of specific social circumstances.
283  III,    10.  5.  1|                 a positive or a negative impact on the physical and mental
284  III,    10.  5.  2|              existence and the practical impact of such side-effects of
285  III,    10.  5.  3|               followed by presenting the impact of work on health. Furthermore,
286  III,    10.  5.  3|                This chapter presents the impact of diseases on work. This
287  III,    10.  5.  3|                almost exclusively on the impact of work on diseases. However,
288  III,    10.  5.  3|           addictions (alcohol, drugs).~ ~Impact of work on mortality, morbidity
289  III,    10.  5.  3|               This chapter addresses the impact of working conditions on
290  III,    10.  5.  3|       environment”. In this chapter, the impact of work on disease is highlighted
291  III,    10.  5.  3|                followed by the perceived impact on health from the point
292  III,    10.  5.  3|                   Perception of the work impact on health~ ~According to
293  III,    10.  5.  3|                10.5.3.8). This perceived impact of work on health differs
294  III,    10.  5.  3|                that the perceived health impact differs widely between sectors.
295  III,    10.  5.  3|          headache and stress as a health impact of their work.~ ~Table 10.
296  III,    10.  5.  3|                Table 10.5.3.8. Perceived impact of work on health per country~ ~
297  III,    10.  5.  3|                Table 10.5.3.9. Perceived impact of work on health per symptoms.~ ~
298  III,    10.  5.  3|                tasks may have a negative impact on health. Other stressing
299  III,    10.  5.  3|             Indirect effects include the impact of technological change
300  III,    10.  5.  3|            practices have only a limited impact.~ ~Changes in the workforce~
301  III,    10.  5.  3|              have a positive or negative impact on workplace health and
302  III,    10.  5.  3|           initiatives. However, the full impact of work accidents and occupational
303  III,    10.  5.  3|              well-being and reducing the impact of work related ill health
304  III,    10.  5.  3|                    Aldana StG, Financial Impact of Health Promotion Programs (
305  III,    10.  6.  1|                 DC, Victor B (1998). The impact of social support on mental
306   IV,    11.  1.  3|                  of Health Systems~ ~The impact of health care (or a health
307   IV,    11.  1.  3|               health care had a positive impact on the population’s health –
308   IV,    11.  1.  4|       individualsmobility also have an impact on accessibility. A recent
309   IV,    11.  1.  5|           priority setting; yet lacks of impact on patient empowerment (
310   IV,    11.  1.  5|                  three general criteria: impact on health, policy importance
311   IV,    11.  1.  5|             concerns with the design and impact of pay-for-performance schemes.
312   IV,    11.  1.  5|      relationship between incentives and impact (Rizzo and Blumenthal, 1996).
313   IV,    11.  1.  6|                  new technologies.~ ~The impact of the DRG hospital financing
314   IV,    11.  2.  2|               disease, its socioeconomic impact, the degree to which it
315   IV,    11.  3.  2|                  France. Evidence of the impact of this different type of
316   IV,    11.  5.  5|                  of a stronger potential impact, related to transplantation
317   IV,    11.  5.  5|                  knowledge, maximize the impact in the growth of organ donation
318   IV,    11.  6.  1|              beliefs in government) that impact healthcare expenditure.
319   IV,    11.  6.  2|            system thus has a significant impact on the level of fairness (
320   IV,    11.  6.  2|                2006). The distributional impact of a tax subsidy on PHI
321   IV,    11.  6.  2|                   Moreover, the negative impact of user charges on health
322   IV,    11.  6.  3|              population, with a positive impact on equity.~ ~In terms of
323   IV,    11.  6.  3|                  a pro-rich distributive impact (Evans and Barer, 1995;
324   IV,    11.  6.  5|                    Cheah TS (1998): "The impact of clinical guidelines and
325   IV,    11.  6.  5|                2003): The distributional impact of health financing in Europe:
326   IV,    12.  1    |          examples highlighting the broad impact of other EU policies on
327   IV,    12.  1    |                 or~legislation~Potential impact~on health~Employment and
328   IV,    12.  2    |               population by reducing the impact of CVD is registered fully
329   IV,    12.  2    |             account of the public health impact. Such constraints caused
330   IV,    12.  2    |                achievements also have an impact outside the EU region, by
331   IV,    12.  2    |                 well-being through their impact on health and social determinants,
332   IV,    12.  2    |         preferred beverage category. The impact of an increase in alcohol
333   IV,    12.  2    |              findings are similar to the impact of advertising on smoking
334   IV,    12.  2    |                 evaluations that find an impact of these guidelines on alcohol
335   IV,    12.  2    |                  is the evidence for the impact of mass media campaigns
336   IV,    12.  2    |               BAC levels. Studies of the impact of adhering to bar policies
337   IV,    12.  2    |                 originally expected. The impact of responsible beverage
338   IV,    12.  2    |                  systems, the population impact on excessive drinking could
339   IV,    12.  3    |                 seeks to have a fourfold impact:~· greater political commitment
340   IV,    12.  3    |          policies:~Many policies have an impact on social cohesion. Therefore,
341   IV,    12.  4    |                  areas which may have an impact on health directly or indirectly (
342   IV,    12.  4    |                with a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety,
343   IV,    12.  5    |                  analyse their potential impact; exchange information on
344   IV,    12.  5    |                  promote and explore the impact of health on productivity
345   IV,    12.  5    |            support measures to study the impact on health of other policies.~ ~
346   IV,    12.  6    |                committed to maximize the impact and effectiveness of the
347   IV,    12.  7    |                 approaches to assess the impact of policies and specific
348   IV,    12.  7    |                 assessment of the health impact of such decisions, so that
349   IV,    12.  7    |                Policies~ ~Health systems impact assessment~An ad hoc Working
350   IV,    12.  7    |           methodology for estimating the impact of new policies on health
351   IV,    12.  7    |               systems, as opposed to the impact on population health status.
352   IV,    12.  7    |          officers and the “health system impact assessment cube”; a policy
353   IV,    12.  7    |                  Commission’s Integrated Impact Assessment guidance and
354   IV,    12.  8    |           legislation which has a direct impact on health in areas such
355   IV,    12.  8    |                  including assessing the impact of the enlargement process
356   IV,    12. 10    |                 activities have a direct impact on public health, are obliged
357   IV,    13.Acr    |               disease, its socioeconomic impact, the degree to which it
358   IV,    13.  2.  2|            moderate; generally the major impact is later in life. Musculoskeletal
359   IV,    13.  2.  4|                 factors have a different impact in different Countries.
360   IV,    13.  2.  4|           population and, therefore, the impact within the population groups
361   IV,    13.  3    |               another for addressing The impact of ageing on public expenditure:
362   IV,    13.  4    |                  Commission monitors the impact of National Reform Programmes
363   IV,    13.  4    |               priority issue. The social impact of migration will be mainstreamed
364   IV,    13.  5    |           institutions, can have a large impact on public spending. While
365   IV,    13.  6.  1|                 have an adverse economic impact on the whole family. Siblings
366   IV,    13.  7.  4|          affected by their environmental impact. Moreover, the process of
367   IV,    13.  8    |               order to better assess the impact that a proposal may have.
368   IV,    13.  9    |                Policy Committee) (2006): Impact of ageing populations on