Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1   II,     5.  1.  1    |         respiratory diseases; diabetes; obesity and other conditions related
  2   II,     5.  1.  1    |                as smoking, alcohol use, obesity, excessive fat intake, lack
  3   II,     5.  1.  1    |              diabetes, dyslipidemia and obesity). CVD is a multifactorial
  4   II,     5.  1.  1    |         hypertension, hypercholesterol, obesity, diabetes and smoking habit.
  5   II,     5.  1.  1    |              Hypertension and diabetes, obesity and perhaps non-traditional
  6   II,     5.  1.  1    |                 disease.~Overweight and obesity~Excessive food intake as
  7   II,     5.  2.  2    |               blood pressure, diabetes, obesity). CVD is a multifactorial
  8   II,     5.  2.  2    |         hypertension, hypercholesterol, obesity, diabetes and smoking habit.
  9   II,     5.  2.  4    |           reductions in blood pressure, obesity, blood cholesterol and tobacco
 10   II,     5.  2.  4    |               followed by hypertension, obesity, smoking habit, diabetes
 11   II,     5.  2.  4    |               of different age ranges~ ~Obesity and overweight (Table 5.
 12   II,     5.  2.  4    |            prediction of CVD. Actually, obesity is a key issue and is strongly
 13   II,     5.  2.  4    |                 suggests that abdominal obesity, as evaluated by an enlarged
 14   II,     5.  2.  4    |              more significant role than obesity - as evaluated by BMI -
 15   II,     5.  2.  4    |                 Estimated prevalence of obesity (defined as BMI 30kg/m2 )
 16   II,     5.  2.  4    |               prevalence of smoking and obesity.~ ~
 17   II,     5.  2.  5    |                the lifestyles including obesity (body weight) or the environment
 18   II,     5.  2.  6    |            cholesterol, blood pressure, obesity and physical inactivity
 19   II,     5.  3.  7    |              physical activity to avoid obesity, the reduction of over-exposure
 20   II,     5.  4.  1    |               control of overweight and obesity. With the increase of people
 21   II,     5.  4.  1    |           suffering from overweight and obesity, the prevalence of T2DM
 22   II,     5.  4.  1    |                 increased prevalence of obesity, the onset of the disease
 23   II,     5.  4.  4    |                 and the most important, obesity, being defined as a BMI
 24   II,     5.  4.  4    |                 30. According to EUCID, obesity in Europe ranges between
 25   II,     5.  4.  4    |           figure of 20%. Overweight and obesity, combined, add up to almost
 26   II,     5.  4.  5    |                is excess body weight or obesity, particularly when excess
 27   II,     5.  4.  6    |             intervention (prevention of obesity and overweight) as well
 28   II,     5.  4.  6    |                the rising prevalence of obesity and T2DM. A recent paper (
 29   II,     5.  4.  6    |                to the great increase of obesity, the dither prevalence of
 30   II,     5.  4.  6    |                curtail the diabetes and obesity epidemic only when we take
 31   II,     5.  4.  6    |             when we take overweight and obesity seriously. The required
 32   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 5.13. on overweight and obesity for the preventive approaches
 33   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 in the case of diabetes obesity should also include one
 34   II,     5.  4.  7    |               status, risk factors e.g. obesity, lifestyle, clinical measurements,
 35   II,     5.  4.  8    |                 the association between obesity and diabetes? Diabet Med.
 36   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europe; Volume
 37   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europewritten
 38   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europe; Volume
 39   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europe)~ ~
 40   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europe; Volume
 41   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europe; Volume
 42   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europe, in
 43   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 E (1988): Prevalence of obesity in patients receiving depot
 44   II,     5.  6.  1    |               lifestyle factors such as obesity and lack of physical activity
 45   II,     5.  6.  3    |              and in the hip and knee by obesity and intensive physical activity (
 46   II,     5.  6.  3    |                of risk factors, such as obesity, may result in inter-country
 47   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 and Jacobsson, 2002).~ ~Obesity (BMI) is a risk factor for
 48   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 2007). One study showed obesity to result in an odds ratio
 49   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 with increasing age and obesity, extending life expectancy
 50   II,     5.  6.  3    |         epidemiology of RA. Smoking and obesity are also risk factors for
 51   II,     5.  6.  3    |                such as dissatisfaction. Obesity is a risk factor for chronicity.~ ~
 52   II,     5.  6.  4    |               lifestyle factors such as obesity and lack of physical activity
 53   II,     5.  7.  1    |           magnified by the epidemics of obesity (Rodgers et al, 2004) and
 54   II,     5.  7.  3    |                had higher prevalence of obesity and diabetes.~ ~In 2005
 55   II,     5.  7.  4    |              and diabetes (Levin 2001), obesity (Ejerblad et al, 2006) and
 56   II,     5.  7.  4    |                 al, 2007) in adults and obesity in children (Wang et al,
 57   II,     5.  7.  7    |          McLaughlin JK, Nyren O (2006): Obesity and risk for chronic renal
 58   II,     5.  8.  3    |                 diabetes, hypertension, obesity, stroke, hyper-lipidemia,
 59   II,     5.  9. FB    |              infection rates decline.~ ~Obesity also has been proposed to
 60   II,     5.  9. FB    |           reflux, mechanical effects of obesity, atopy and hormonal influences.
 61   II,     5.  9. FB    |         existence of the association of obesity with allergy or atopy and
 62   II,     5.  9. FB    |                 2007): The interplay of obesity and asthma. Current allergy
 63   II,     5.  9. FB    |             Story RE (2007): Asthma and obesity in children. Curr. Opin.
 64   II,     5. 13        |                       5.13. Overweight, obesity and other conditions related
 65   II,     5. 13        |             Overweight, pre-obesity and obesity are associated with excessive
 66   II,     5. 13        |            prevalence of overweight and obesity is also growing rapidly
 67   II,     5. 13        |      environments favour overweight and obesity. There is an abundance of
 68   II,     5. 13        |                years of life. Childhood obesity is an important predictor
 69   II,     5. 13        |               an important predictor of obesity in adulthood (Branca et
 70   II,     5. 13        |             review shows that childhood obesity is strongly associated with
 71   II,     5. 13        |            consequences, overweight and obesity also impose an economic
 72   II,     5. 13        |               estimated that in the EU, obesity accounts for up to 7% of
 73   II,     5. 13        |               increase given the rising obesity trends (Commission of the
 74   II,     5. 13        |                indirect annual costs of obesity in the EU15 (EU members
 75   II,     5. 13        |              inhabitant attributable to obesity ranges between US$ 17 (Germany,
 76   II,     5. 14.  4    |                chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular
 77   II,     8.  2.  1    |                example, higher rates of obesity, mental health disorders,
 78   II,     8.  2.  1    |               were at increased risk of obesity, for example – and other
 79   II,     8.  2.  1    |                thus reduce the risks of obesity, diabetes and related conditions
 80   II,     8.  2.  1    |                  E. (2005) Underweight, obesity and exercise among adults
 81   II,     9            |                increasing evidence that obesity is also associated with
 82   II,     9            |                The rising prevalence of obesity and diabetes are of concern
 83   II,     9            |       inadequate physical activity, and obesity (especially abdominal obesity).
 84   II,     9            |           obesity (especially abdominal obesity). The atherogenic risk profile
 85   II,     9            |             diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle.
 86   II,     9            |          Current EU environments favour obesity. There is an abundance of
 87   II,     9.  1.  2    |                increasing evidence that obesity is also associated with
 88   II,     9.  1.  2    |                The rising prevalence of obesity and diabetes are of concern
 89   II,     9.  1.  2    |         recreational drugs, smoking and obesity, are also risk factors for
 90   II,     9.  1.  2    |                al, (2007): Prepregnancy obesity as a risk factor for structural
 91   II,     9.  2.  1    |          tobacco use, illegal drug use, obesity/overweight, eating disorders,
 92   II,     9.  2.  1    |             healthcare problems such as obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure
 93   II,     9.  2.  3    |             e.g. AIDS.~ ~Overweight and obesity: It is generally known and
 94   II,     9.  2.  3    |              with the rapid increase in obesity in the population. This
 95   II,     9.  2.  3    |              children, as not only does obesity jeopardise their current
 96   II,     9.  2.  3    |                 rapid increase of child obesity. At the same time, related
 97   II,     9.  2.  3    |            Whilst a small proportion of obesity will be caused by genetic
 98   II,     9.  2.  5    |             under-age drinking; work on obesity and prevention; development
 99   II,     9.  2.  5    |               to the growing problem of obesity, the European Commission
100   II,     9.  2.  5    |                 in May 2007 focusing on obesity and physical activity and
101   II,     9.  2.  6    |             behavioural determinants of obesity, and projects on child safety
102   II,     9.  2.  7    |             Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Children in Europe, Health
103   II,     9.  2.  7    |               prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases. Brussels~ ~
104   II,     9.  2.  7    |               Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity related health issues -
105   II,     9.  2.  7    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity - Conference Report Available
106   II,     9.  3.  1    |             alcohol, and overweight and obesity.~ ~Despite these higher
107   II,     9.  3.  1    |              other risk factors such as obesity, stress and hypertension
108   II,     9.  3.  1    |       immobilization, and probably also obesity. Although most cases of
109   II,     9.  3.  1    |                and women with abdominal obesity. Diabetes mellitus is a
110   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 women.~ ~Overweight and obesity~ ~Overweight and obesity
111   II,     9.  3.  1    |                obesity~ ~Overweight and obesity cause one million deaths
112   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 by the year 2010. Thus, obesity has been identified as a ‘
113   II,     9.  3.  1    |              smoking (WHO, 2003).~ ~The Obesity in Europe report from the
114   II,     9.  3.  1    |           report from the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF 2002) states
115   II,     9.  3.  1    |               problem of overweight and obesity is a societal one and not
116   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 syndrome (Haslam 2007). Obesity can also lead to erectile
117   II,     9.  3.  1    |          identified that the problem of obesity is an issue for men, with
118   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 the problem of ‘android obesity and the ‘less problematic
119   II,     9.  3.  1    |          problem of male overweight and obesity.~ ~Communicable diseases~ ~
120   II,     9.  3.  1    |     co-morbidity, such as hypertension, obesity, metabolic syndrome or abuse
121   II,     9.  3.  1    |       inadequate physical activity, and obesity (especially abdominal obesity).
122   II,     9.  3.  1    |           obesity (especially abdominal obesity). The atherogenic risk profile
123   II,     9.  3.  1    |             diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle.
124   II,     9.  3.  1    |          Current EU environments favour obesity. There is an abundance of
125   II,     9.  3.  1    |                2007) The causes of male obesity and associated health problems
126   II,     9.  3.  1    |         accessed 12.06)~ ~International Obesity Task Force (2002) Obesity
127   II,     9.  3.  1    |               Obesity Task Force (2002) Obesity in Europe: the case for
128   II,     9.  3.  1    |            Association for the Study of Obesity, London.~ ~Jackson, G; Padley,
129   II,     9.  3.  1    |                2): 139-151~ ~WHO (2000) Obesity: preventing and managing
130   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  Controlling the global obesity epidemic http / (accessed
131   II,     9.  3.  1    |                Charter on counteracting obesity November 2006 http 1 (Article
132   II,     9.  3.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity: November 2006 http f (Article
133   II,     9.  5.  3    |               Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity related health issues.~ ~
134   II,     9.  5.  3    |          Current EU environments favour obesity. There is an abundance of
135   II,     9.  5.  4    |         determinants (alcohol, smoking, obesity) and major disease areas
136   II,     9.  5.  6    |                 Tackling overweight and obesity in men in Europe. Available
137  III,    10.  1        |     pentachlorophenol~dioxins~Diabetes, obesity~food, e.g. high fat~poor
138  III,    10.  1.  1    |              behavioural determinant of obesity and ill-health, including
139  III,    10.  1.  3    |              etiology of overweight and obesity: current evidence and research
140  III,    10.  1.  3    |           Childhood predictors of adult obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab
141  III,    10.  2.  1    |       non-communicable diseases such as obesity, heart disease, stroke,
142  III,    10.  2.  1    |       non-communicable diseases such as obesity, heart disease, stroke,
143  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 help prevent and reduce obesity and maintain a healthy weight (
144  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of physical activity and obesity, plus an alarming economic
145  III,    10.  2.  1    |                and documents addressing obesity, diet and physical activity
146  III,    10.  2.  1    |                quoted in section5.13. Obesity, overweight and other conditions
147  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity, held in Istanbul, Turkey,
148  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity and the final document was
149  III,    10.  2.  1    |          hopefully, reverse the rise in obesity, particularly among children.
150  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity related health issues (European
151  III,    10.  2.  1    |               prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases (European
152  III,    10.  2.  1    |               prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases. Brussels,
153  III,    10.  2.  1    |               nutrition, overweight and obesity related health issues. Brussels,
154  III,    10.  2.  1    |                in physical activity and obesity. Pediatrics, ,117(2):417-
155  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 preventing and treating obesity. Journal of Applied Physiology,
156  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature.
157  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Charter on Counteracting Obesity. Copenhagen. (ht ~ ~World
158  III,    10.  2.  1    | physical activity. In: The Challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region
159  III,    10.  2.  1    |                2, 5.3 and 5.4), whereas obesity, overweight and the remaining
160  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Overweight, pre-obesity and obesity are associated with excessive
161  III,    10.  2.  1    |            prevalence of overweight and obesity is also growing rapidly
162  III,    10.  2.  1    |                years of life. Childhood obesity is an important predictor
163  III,    10.  2.  1    |               an important predictor of obesity in adulthood (Branca et
164  III,    10.  2.  1    |             review shows that childhood obesity is strongly associated with
165  III,    10.  2.  1    |            consequences, overweight and obesity also impose an economic
166  III,    10.  2.  1    |               estimated that in the EU, obesity accounts for up to 7% of
167  III,    10.  2.  1    |               increase given the rising obesity trends (Commission of the
168  III,    10.  2.  1    |                indirect annual costs of obesity in the EU15 (EU members
169  III,    10.  2.  1    |              inhabitant attributable to obesity ranges between US$ 17 (Germany,
170  III,    10.  2.  1    |             sources~ ~a) Overweight and obesity and other diseases related
171  III,    10.  2.  1    |            prevalence of overweight and obesity among children, adolescents
172  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity (15-17 November 2006, Istanbul,
173  III,    10.  2.  1    |         prevalence of overweight and/or obesity either among children, adolescents
174  III,    10.  2.  1    |            prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults were available
175  III,    10.  2.  1(23)|                  Finland (prevalence of obesity available only) (Aromaa
176  III,    10.  2.  1    |               In adults, overweight and obesity are defined as a BMI 25
177  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 defining overweight and obesity (Lobstein et al, 2004).
178  III,    10.  2.  1    |           quarter and the prevalence of obesity by about a third (Elgar
179  III,    10.  2.  1    |           definitions of overweight and obesity. Various investigators (
180  III,    10.  2.  1    |               analysis~ ~Overweight and obesity~ ~Prevalence in Children~ ~
181  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Prevalence of overweight and obesity among children 9 years old
182  III,    10.  2.  1    |           prevalence of pre-obesity and obesity in the 13 and 15 year olds
183  III,    10.  2.  1    |                2.2.3, the prevalence of obesity and overweight (pre-obese
184  III,    10.  2.  1    |                2006). The prevalence of obesity ranged from 7.4% to 26.6%
185  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults~ ~Trends over
186  III,    10.  2.  1    |                2005). The International Obesity Task Force predicts that
187  III,    10.  2.  1    |            prevalence of overweight and obesity among specific population
188  III,    10.  2.  1    |                in low income countries, obesity increased sharply as they
189  III,    10.  2.  1    |              affluent, with the risk of obesity shifting from groups with
190  III,    10.  2.  1    |                most countries, however, obesity was more prevalent among
191  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  2003). In England (UK) obesity among children aged 210
192  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  With the prevalence of obesity rising in the general population,
193  III,    10.  2.  1    |               birth weight is linked to obesity in later life, as shown
194  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 impact~ ~Overweight and obesity have considerable effects
195  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 4.6% of all DALYs lost, obesity accounted for an additional
196  III,    10.  2.  1    |             body weight; overweight and obesity are also responsible for
197  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 clustering of abdominal obesity with hypertension, dyslipidaemia
198  III,    10.  2.  1    |                    WHO Consultation on “Obesity: Preventing and Managing
199  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  hopefully, reverse the obesity epidemic, particularly among
200  III,    10.  2.  1    |               prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases (European
201  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Charter on counteracting obesity (WHO Regional Office for
202  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity (WHO Regional Office for
203  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity Related to Health Issues” (
204  III,    10.  2.  1    |              non-communicable diseases, obesity in children and adolescents,
205  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Charter on Counteracting Obesity.~ ~
206  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Risk reduction strategies~ ~Obesity and overweight~ ~Dietary
207  III,    10.  2.  1    |        effectively managed to bring the obesity epidemic under control.
208  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 strategies dealing with obesity risk factors, while only
209  III,    10.  2.  1    | physical activity and the prevention of obesity was given in a specific
210  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity (Branca et al, 2007b; WHO
211  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  Evidence on preventing obesity and on developing effective
212  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 effective in preventing obesity. These interventions need
213  III,    10.  2.  1    |              they focus specifically on obesity prevention and are targeted
214  III,    10.  2.  1    |      effectiveness of the prevention of obesity in schools where the whole-school
215  III,    10.  2.  1    |               to control overweight and obesity is not strong, but might
216  III,    10.  2.  1    |               of a policy to counteract obesity. Macroeconomic and whole-of-government
217  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 with a special focus on obesity, can enhance efforts across
218  III,    10.  2.  1    |          governmental sectors to tackle obesity, improve the health and
219  III,    10.  2.  1    |    multisectoral approach for combating obesity (WHO Regional Office for
220  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 practical reasons, many obesity studies measure the effect
221  III,    10.  2.  1    |           larger social determinants of obesity and the resulting obesogenic
222  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity (Branca et al, 2007a; Branca
223  III,    10.  2.  1    |                in every policy measure. Obesity urgently needs to be monitored
224  III,    10.  2.  1    |       establishing a European childhood obesity surveillance initiative
225  III,    10.  2.  1    |                trends in overweight and obesity in children aged 6.0-9.9
226  III,    10.  2.  1    |               such as the prevalence of obesity. Secondly, to systematically
227  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity' (European Commission, 2007),
228  III,    10.  2.  1    |              diet, especially to combat obesity and overweight. It states
229  III,    10.  2.  1    |                the dramatic increase in obesity amongst schoolchildren,
230  III,    10.  2.  1    |              increase in overweight and obesity globally, we must acknowledge
231  III,    10.  2.  1    |           development of overweight and obesity and diet-related diseases
232  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 rates of overweight and obesity in children have led to
233  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Charter on counteracting obesity, EU Member States endorsed
234  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity Related to Health Issues”,
235  III,    10.  2.  1    |              progress in 2010 to review obesity status, to observe the extent
236  III,    10.  2.  1    |             References~ ~Overweight and obesity:~ ~Alfred Rusescu Institute
237  III,    10.  2.  1    |                en España [Prevalence of obesity in Spain]. Medicina Clinica
238  III,    10.  2.  1    |      inequalities in undernutrition and obesity in preschool children: population-based
239  III,    10.  2.  1    |            prevalence of overweight and obesity between 1987 and 2001 among
240  III,    10.  2.  1    |               2001 among Danish adults. Obesity Research 12:1464–1472.~ ~
241  III,    10.  2.  1    |                2007a): The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region
242  III,    10.  2.  1    |                2007b): The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region
243  III,    10.  2.  1    |                for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international
244  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors
245  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 A (2006): Prevalence of obesity in Portugal. Obesity Reviews
246  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 of obesity in Portugal. Obesity Reviews 7:233-237.~ ~Dolman
247  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Ludwig DS (2002): Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common
248  III,    10.  2.  1    |               prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases. Brussels,
249  III,    10.  2.  1    |               nutrition, overweight and obesity related health issues. Brussels,
250  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 prevalence and costs of obesity in the EU. Proceedings of
251  III,    10.  2.  1    |                C (2006): Overweight and obesity in Italian adults 2004,
252  III,    10.  2.  1    |               epidemiological survey on obesity and overweight in France (
253  III,    10.  2.  1    |                A (2004): Overweight and obesity (high body mass index).
254  III,    10.  2.  1    |                International Journal of Obesity 30:12651271.~ ~Jotangia
255  III,    10.  2.  1    |          Stamatakis E, Wardle H (2005): Obesity among children under 11.
256  III,    10.  2.  1    |                childhood and adolescent obesity in Greece [abstract]. International
257  III,    10.  2.  1    |                International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
258  III,    10.  2.  1    |             survey on the prevalence of obesity and abdominal fat distribution
259  III,    10.  2.  1    |              controlling overweight and obesity in school and worksite settings:
260  III,    10.  2.  1    |              for the IASO International Obesity TaskForce (2004): Obesity
261  III,    10.  2.  1    |               Obesity TaskForce (2004): Obesity in children and young people:
262  III,    10.  2.  1    |                crisis in public health. Obesity Reviews 5(Suppl. 1):4-104.~ ~
263  III,    10.  2.  1    |               among children in Europe. Obesity Reviews 4:195-200.~Mackenbach
264  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Implications of the growing obesity epidemic on contraception
265  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Martí A (2007): Genetics of obesity. Public Health Nutrition
266  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of
267  III,    10.  2.  1    |               group (2005): Overweight, obesity and body fat composition
268  III,    10.  2.  1    |                International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
269  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Irish school children,
270  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese
271  III,    10.  2.  1    |               prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases”. National
272  III,    10.  2.  1    |           French children: frequency of obesity, overweight and thinness.
273  III,    10.  2.  1    |                International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
274  III,    10.  2.  1    |     Chadjigeorgiou C, Kafatos A (2002): Obesity in children and adolescents
275  III,    10.  2.  1    |                International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
276  III,    10.  2.  1    |      associations of undernutrition and obesity among preschool children
277  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Childhood and adolescent obesity in Spain: results of the
278  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature.
279  III,    10.  2.  1    |                E (2005): Overweight and obesity trends from 1974 to 2003
280  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database
281  III,    10.  2.  1    |                adults and its effect on obesity prevalence estimations in
282  III,    10.  2.  1    |                the period 1998 to 2001. Obesity (Silver Spring): 14:2054-
283  III,    10.  2.  1    |                childhood overweight and obesity. International Journal of
284  III,    10.  2.  1    |      International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 1:1125.~ ~ ~WHO Regional
285  III,    10.  2.  1    |               for Europe.~ ~WHO (2000): Obesity: preventing and managing
286  III,    10.  2.  1    |                Charter on Counteracting Obesity. Copenhagen, World Health
287  III,    10.  2.  1    |     physical activity and prevention of obesity: recent policy developments
288  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Conference on Counteracting Obesity. Conference Report. Copenhagen,
289  III,    10.  2.  1    |               prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases. Green
290  III,    10.  2.  4    |                  e.g., breast cancer or obesity), which are either following
291  III,    10.  2.  4    |               TNF alpha gene variant in obesity, asthma and non-Hodgkin
292  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 cancer or adenovirus in obesity);~· the role of genomic
293  III,    10.  2.  4    |             communicable diseases (e.g. obesity by adenoviruses) and one
294  III,    10.  2.  4    |                 and one phenotype (e.g. obesity) can be rare in the one
295  III,    10.  3.  2    |     pentachlorophenol~dioxins~Diabetes, obesity~food, e.g. high fat~poor
296  III,    10.  5.  1    |                 local car transport and obesity. Housing can lead to the
297  III,    10.  5.  1    |             2006).~With rising rates of obesity and decreasing levels of
298  III,    10.  6.  2    |                 unfavourable nutrition, obesity and high TV consumption
299   IV,    11.  4        |             bariatric surgery in severe obesity.~ ~Effective health technologies
300   IV,    12.  1        |              for example, nutrition and obesity). Moreover, what is cost-effective
301   IV,    12.  2        |             intervention (prevention of obesity and overweight) as well
302   IV,    12.  2        |                the rising prevalence of obesity and hence type 2 diabetes
303   IV,    12.  2        |                are those overweight and obesity and those high blood pressure
304   IV,    12.  2        |              Because of the increase of obesity (the so called pandemic),
305   IV,    12.  2        |                  diabesity” (diabetes & obesity) epidemic only when we take
306   IV,    12.  2        |             when we take overweight and obesity seriously.~ ~In 2005, only
307   IV,    12. 10        |     Intermediate~National/Regional~ Yes~Obesity~High ~National/Regional~
308   IV,    12. 10        |                 reducing and preventing obesity.~ ~As part of a large general
309   IV,    12. 10        |              primary responsibility for obesity prevention and promotion
310   IV,    12. 10        |               2003: ACTION PLAN AGAINST OBESITY~http df~Drugs and substance
311   IV,    12. 10        |      malnutrition, physical inactivity, obesity, and their health consequences”
312   IV,    12. 10        |                 targeting prevention of obesity, BzGA provides a web-site
313   IV,    12. 10        |      malnutrition, physical inactivity, obesity, and their health consequences”~
314   IV,    12. 10        |            reduction, and prevention of obesity or diabetes mellitus (see
315   IV,    12. 10        |             children and young people~ ~Obesity~High priority, sub-goal
316   IV,    12. 10        |      malnutrition, physical inactivity, obesity, and their health consequences”~
317   IV,    12. 10        |             comments 10.2.4 and 10.2.5!~Obesity is subject to Federal Health
318   IV,    12. 10        |             Suicide Prevention (2005)~ ~Obesity~High~ ~ A major campaign ‘
319   IV,    12. 10        |              including diabetes, htt l~ obesity http l~ heart disease. htt ~-
320   IV,    12. 10        |          country.~Personal determinants~Obesity~High~Food industry is obliged
321   IV,    12. 10        |           familiarize citizens with the obesity problem and to reduce the
322   IV,    12. 10        |                reduce the prevalence of obesity.~Also, the Hellenic Medical
323   IV,    12. 10        |                 Medical Association for Obesity (www r) has a dynamic site
324   IV,    12. 10        |         citizens with information about obesity. It is a non-governmental
325   IV,    12. 10        |        scientific research and study of obesity and the metabolic diseases
326   IV,    12. 10        |              actions for: Hypertension, Obesity, Cholesterol, Cancer, AIDS,
327   IV,    12. 10        |                   Personal determinants~Obesity~ high~ Law about public
328   IV,    12. 10        |         ChildhoodDecree 24.04.2000~ ~Obesity~ ~ProgrammeGain Health” (
329   IV,    12. 10        |          Personal determinants~ low~ ~ ~Obesity~ intermediate~Law on the
330   IV,    12. 10        |               National Platform against obesity~Health Determinants Programme~
331   IV,    12. 10        |               National Platform against obesity~Health Determinants Programme~
332   IV,    12. 10        |             Personal determinants~ ~ ~ ~Obesity~ High~ Revision of the codes
333   IV,    12. 10        |               National Platform against obesity~ ~Genomics and public health~
334   IV,    12. 10        |                 illnesses in children~ ~Obesity~ Low~Law about public health
335   IV,    12. 10        |                 risk factors, including obesity;~Annual Cross Race organized
336   IV,    12. 10        |             health diseases by reducing obesity as well as the use of alcohol,
337   IV,    12. 10        |          determinants~ Intermediate~ ~ ~Obesity~high~ At national level~
338   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                 4.6% of all DALYs lost, obesity accounted for an additional
339   IV,    13.  2.  3    |                 to high cholesterol and obesity. Worldwide, these fractions
340   IV,    13.  2.  3    |             blood lipid composition and obesity are ‘endogenouscharacteristics
341   IV,    13.  2.  3    |               order as that of reducing obesity (shown here as “energy balance”),
342   IV,    13.  5        |       tuberculosis. The rapid spread of obesity and diabetes may also potentially
343  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0    |                                   obese~obesity~obsession~obsessive-compulsive~